NIOS Syllabus 2019
Maniprabha.singh, 11 Jul 2019, #NIOS 10th

NIOS Syllabus 2019 - National Institute of Open Schooling has released the NIOS 2019 syllabus for class 10th and 12th students. NIOS Class 10th & 12th syllabus 2019 comprises important topics for all the subjects covered in the board examinations. Students who will be appearing for board exams must download the NIOS syllabus 2019 for class 10 and 12 from the official website NIOS 10th syllabus 2019 is divided into group A and Group B. Group A consists of language subjects while group B has subjects ranging from mathematics to commerce and humanities. Candidates have to select subjects from both the group. NIOS 12th syllabus is divided into five groups A, B, C, D and E. Candidates have to choose subjects among all the five groups.

NIOS 10th and NIOS class 12 exams will be conducted in October 2019 for Block 2 exams. Students can find all the information related to NIOS syllabus 2019 for class 10 and 12 in this article. Alongside, students must practise previous years question papers and mock test papers to secure good marks in their exams.

Latest - NIOS Exam dates revised for 10th and 12th. Check New schedule by visiting the given link.

NIOS admission is open online. The last date to register and fill forms for Block II (October 2020 exam) is March 15, 2020.

NIOS Class 10 and 12 Syllabus 2019

NIOS gives students the choice to select subjects from a variety of subjects. Candidates can find the subject lists for NIOS 2019 class 10 and 12 below.

NIOS Class 10 Subjects

NIOS syllabus 2019 of class 10 is divided into two groups, Group A and Group B. Students can select five subjects, having the option of selecting one or two subjects from languages from Group A and the remaining subjects from Group B. Students can take two additional subjects from either of the two groups. Subjects in Group A are the language subjects while Group B consists of core subjects.




Hindi, English, Urdu, Sanskrit, Bengali, Marathi, Telugu, Gujarati, Kannada, Punjabi, Arabic, Odia, Persian, Tamil, Nepali, Malayalam, Assamese


Mathematics, Science and Technology, Social Science, Economics, Business Studies, Home Science, Psychology, Indian Culture and Heritage, Accountancy, painting, Ved Adhyayan, Sanskrit Vyakaran, Sanskrit Sahitya, Bhartiya Darshan

NIOS 12th class subjects

NIOS Subjects for class 12 is divided into six groups namely Group A, B, C, D, E and F. Group A contains languages subjects while groups B, C, D, E and F have subjects from science to humanities among others. Students can select five subjects, one or two from languages from Group A and the remaining subjects from Group B, C, D, E and F. However, have certain restrictions from choosing subjects like only one subject each from C, D, E and F can be taken.



Group A

Hindi, English, Urdu, Sanskrit, Gujarati, Bengali, Tamil, Punjabi, Arabic, Persian

Group B

Mathematics, Home Science, Psychology, Geography, Economics, Business Studies, Painting, Data Entry Operations, Tourism, Ved Adhyayan, Sanskrit Vyakaran, Sanskrit Sahitya, Bhartiya Darshan

Group C

Physics, History, Library and Information Science

Group D

Chemistry, Political Science, Mass Communication

Group E

Biology, Accountancy, Introduction to Law

Group F

Computer Science, Sociology, Environmental Science

Selection of Additional Subjects for Class 10 and 12

NIOS offers additional subjects to students of class 10 and 12 in their course of study other than the mandatory 5 subjects at an additional cost of Rs. 720 per subject. Students of NIOS class 10 and 12 can take a maximum of two additional subjects in their course of study.

NIOS Syllabus 2019 for Class 10th


Topics Covered


Book 1- Snakebite, how the squirrel got its stripes, Kondiba.

Book 2- My vision for India, caring for others, the little girl, a prayer for healing, the truth, the return of the lion.


Book 1-Algebra, commercial mathematics.

Book 2- geometry, mensuration, trigonometry, statistics

Science and technology

Measurement in science, matter in our surroundings, moving things, energy, the living world, natural resources, humans and environment


Understanding economics, about the economy, producing goods and services, distribution of goods and services, money, banking and insurance, presentation and analysis of data in economics, Indian economy, Contemporary Economic Issues

Business Studies

Nature and scope of the business, Industry and Commerce, Cooperative societies and joint stock companies, Transport services, warehousing, communication services, postal and courier services, banking services, outsourcing

Social Science

Introduction to social science, ancient world, medieval world, modern world, impact of British rule in India, religious and social awakening in colonial India, popular resistance to the British rule, Indian national movement, constitutional values and political system in India, fundamental rights and fundamental duties.


Book 1-Foundations of psychology, Basic Psychological Processes, Human Development.

Book 2-Social Psychological Processes, Health and Well Being, Work Life and Environmental Concerns, Yoga: A Way of Life

NIOS Syllabus 2019 for Class 12th

Below students can check the subject-wise important topics that are listed in NIOS 12th syllabus 2019. Class 12 students should refer the respective subject to check which topics should be covered for NIOS examination.


Topics covered


Reading and functional grammar, functional writing and study skills, listening and speaking skills, English for specific purpose. English for science-health and hygiene, plant life. English for receptionist-receiving messages, making request.


Motion, force and energy, mechanical properties of matter, heat and thermodynamics, electricity and magnetism, oscillations and waves, optics and optical instrument, semiconductors and their applications,


Atom molecule and chemical arithmetic, Atomic structure and chemical bonding, states of matter, chemical energetic, chemical dynamics, chemistry of elements, chemistry of organic compounds


Diversity and evolution of life, Cell, Cell functions and Tissues, Functional morphology and Life processes in plants, Functional morphology and Life processes in animals, Reproduction and Development, Heredity and Genetics, Population Explosion and Family Planning, Environmental Biology

Commerce (Business studies)

Introduction to business, business as a career, trade and service activities, management of business, financing of business, marketing


Complex Numbers & Quadratic Equations, Determinants & Matrices, Permutations & Combinations, Sequences & Series, Trigonometry, Coordinate Geometry, Differential Calculus, Integral Calculus


The Earth – A Living Planet, The Domain of Air on the Planet Earth, The Domain of Water on the Planet Earth, Changing Face of the Planet Earth, Life on the Earth, Physical Setting in India, Natural Resources and their, Development in India, Man-made Resources and their development in India, Human Resource and their 08 Development in India


Ancient Indian History, Climax of Ancient India, Legacy of Ancient India, Rise and Fan of the Delhi Sultanate, The Mughal Empire, Contribution of Medieval India, Renascent India, India’s Struggle for Independence, Maps

Political Science

Individual state and the global order, aspects of the constitution of India, organs of government, democracy at work, organization of the government, democratic decentralization, contemporary political concerns, world politics and India


Introduction to Financial Accounting, Accounting terms, Accounting, equation and Journal, Voucher Approach in Accounting, Bank Reconciliation Statement, Financial Statements, Partnership Accounts, Accounting for Share Capital

NIOS Marking Scheme for Class 10th & 12th

Along with NIOS Syllabus 2019, students have to clearly understand the scheme and pattern of examination of NIOS Class 10 and 12. Duration for both the exam of NIOS class 10 and 12 is 3 hours and is held from 2:30 PM to 5:30 PM in the evening hours. The detailed subject wise pattern of NIOS class 10 and 12 exam provided in the image below


NIOS Passing Marks for Class 10 & 12

Students must attain a minimum qualifying marks in the board exams to qualify the same. The marks obtained by the students will be revealed in NIOS Result 2019


Passing Marks


Class 10

Students have to get minimum of 33% marks including theory and practical exam (wherever applicable). Marks of internal assessment are listed separately in mark sheet.

Students have to pass in 5 subjects in order to get the pass certificate. Students can however select maximum of two subjects from language.

Class 12

Students have to get minimum of 33% marks in subjects as well as practical exams individually.

Students have to pass in 5 subjects in order to get the pass certificate. Students can however select maximum of two subjects from language.

How to Prepare for Class 10 & 12 with NIOS Syllabus 2019?

  1. Students should download the NIOS Date Sheet 2019 and make a study time table so that they can focus of each subject and chapter. Creating a good study schedule helps in managing the daily time. It is important for students to divide their quality time for each subjects as they have to score good marks in each subject.
  2. Revise the NIOS Syllabus 2019 in the last month to stay connected with concepts and formulas. Students often forget the important facts on the exam day. Revision helps them to retain the concepts for a longer time.
  3. After completing the NIOS Syllabus 2019, students must practice sample question papers as well as previous years papers to help them score good marks. NIOS Sample papers provide an idea of the type of question being asked, the pattern of questions and marking scheme. Solving the questions also familiarize students about the difficulty level and the question pattern of the exam. It also helps in figuring out the weak and strong topics. NIOS Question Papers for class 10 and 12 for all the subjects are available on official website.

The result for NIOS Block I exam will be declared by the first week of June 2019 in the online mode. Candidates will be able to check the result by entering their 12 digit enrolment number in the login window. Result released online will be considered provisional and NIOS will provide the original mark sheets a few days later. To know more on the result, click on the link given above.

More like NIOS 10th

Questions related to NIOS 10th

Showing 2 out of 2 Questions

when the full syllabus of class 10th will come

Manisha Gupta Expert 4th Oct, 2019

Hello Aspirant,

I would suggest you to go through with the given below link to check the detailed NIOS 10th Syllabus.

Good Luck!


what the syllabus of english grammer class 10th

Mahaveer Reddy Student Expert 30th Sep, 2019

Hello Aspirant,

Grammar syllabus will include the following areas in class 10:

1.  Tenses

2.  Modals

3.  Use of passive voice

4.  Subject – verb concord

5.  Reporting

(i)  Commands and requests

(ii)  Statements

(iii)  Questions

6.  Clauses:

(i)  Noun clauses

(ii)  Adverb clauses of condition and time

(iii)  Relative clauses

7.  Determiners

8.  Prepositions

The question have been saved in answer later, you can access it from your profile anytime. Access now

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