About NIOS Class 12 2020

National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) conducts Senior Secondary examination twice a year, in March/April and in October/November. The NIOS 12th exams are conducted in Hindi, English, Urdu, Bengali, Tamil, Punjabi, Odiya and Sanskrit medium. The minimum age of the students should be 15 years as on July 31, 2019 i.e. they should be born on or before July 31, 2004. After successful admission, students will receive a confirmation on the registered email address and Mobile Number. NIOS has released October 2019 date sheet for 10th and 12th practical and theoretical exams.  

NIOS Block 1 (April 2020)

NIOS class 12th admissions are going on for Block 1 April 2020 exams. Eligible candidates can apply for NIOS registration in online mode before July 31 without paying any late fee. However, students have to pay a late fee of Rs 200/- to Rs. 700/- to fill admission form till September 15, 2019. Students are suggested to check the application status after submitting the filled admission forms.

NIOS Block 2 (October 2020)

Block 2 admissions will be commenced from September 16, 2019 and students can submit the forms till March 15, 2020 with a late fee of Rs 700/-. The last date to submit NIOS Class 12 admission form without late fee is January 3, 2020. NIOS 12th Block II exams will be conducted in October/November 2020 for all students. 

Exam level: Intermediate
Frequency: 2 times a year
Languages Bengali, English +4 More
Conducting Body: National Institute of Open Schooling
Duration 3 Hours

Download all details about NIOS Class 12 2020

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NIOS Class 12 2020 Important Dates

NIOS Class 12 (Session 2019)

Upcoming Dates and Events

11 Dec, 2019 - 18 Dec, 2019 (Tentative)

Result - Block 2 - October 2019 | Mode: Online

NIOS Class 12 (Session 2020)

Upcoming Dates and Events

16 Sep, 2019 - 31 Jan, 2020

Application - Block-II | Mode: Online Ongoing

01 Feb, 2020 - 15 Feb, 2020

Late Fee Application - With late fee of Rs. 200/- (Block-II) | Mode: Online

16 Feb, 2020 - 28 Feb, 2020

Late Fee Application - With late fee of Rs. 400/- (Block-II) | Mode: Online

01 Mar, 2020 - 15 Mar, 2020

Late Fee Application - With late fee of Rs. 700/- (Block-II) | Mode: Online

NIOS Class 12 2020 Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for NIOS class 12th Block 2 exam, students had to meet some minimum requirements set by the National Institute of Open Schooling. Read below for NIOS class 12th eligibility criteria:

  1. The student must be passed the 10th class exams successfully.

  2. A student must have attained a minimum of 15 years of age.

  3. The student must produce a class 10th pass certificate from NIOS or a recognized board, an address proof and two latest passport-sized photographs.

  4. The student must be enrolled with NIOS.

NIOS Class 12 2020 Application Process

Mode of Application : Online

Mode of Payment : Net Banking | Credit Card | Debit Card

NIOS offers admission in three streams, twice a year. Follow the instructions given below, to apply for NIOS Class 12th exam:

  • Step 1: Visit the official website.
  • Step 2: Click on the 'Register' button and read the instructions given carefully.
  • Step 3: Click on 'Proceed' button.
  • Step 4: Select your state.
  • Step 5: Select the identity type (Aadhar card/Passport/Ration card etc.) and enter the number of selected identity type. 
  • Step 6: Under course, select 'Sr. Secondary'.
  • Step 7: When the application form loads, enter basic and optional information, select your subjects and study centre.
  • Step 8: Upload your scanned photo, identity card and other documents (Caste certificate, class 10th mark sheet etc.).
  • Step 9: Tap on 'generate OTP' and enter the OTP, received on your phone.
  • Step 10: Review NIOS application form before submitting and making payment by choosing a particular payment gateway.

NIOS offers admission to class 12th in the following three streams. Admissions in these following three streams are mutually exclusive and a candidate can choose only one of them.

Stream 1:  NIOS admission is offered in two blocks, Block I or Block II, in a particular academic year. NIOS class 12 exam for this stream is conducted in April/May for Block I applicants and in October/ November for Block II applicants.

Stream 2: For applicants who failed in the exam conducted by recognised boards. Such applicants can appear for NIOS 12th class paper conducted in October/November to clear the exam in the same year.

Stream 3: Also known as 'On-Demand Examination System', this stream conducts exams throughout the year and includes applicants who passed Senior secondary through a recognized board and want to take in one more subject or up to 4 more subjects for updating their qualifications or improving their marks. This stream also for applicants who failed the exam by recognised boards.

Application Fees

Category Quota Mode Gender Amount
OBC, General Online Male ₹ 2000
OBC, General Online Female ₹ 1650
SC, ST, OBC, General PWD Online Female, Male ₹ 1300
SC, ST Online Female, Male ₹ 1300
Reading and functional grammar
Functional writing and study skills
Listening and speaking skills
English for science
English for receptionist
English for office use
Motion, force and energy
Dimensional analysis and vectors
Motion in a straight line
Newton’s laws of motion
Motion in a plane
Gravitational motion
Work, energy and power
Rotational motion
Mechanical properties of matter
Properties of solids
Properties of liquids
Properties of gases
Heat and thermodynamics
Laws of thermodynamics
Transfer of heat
Electricity and magnetism
Electric current
Chemical and thermal effects of electric current
Magnetic effect of electric current
Electromagnetic induction and alternating current
Electric power generation and its transmission
Oscillations and waves
Simple harmonic motion
Elastic waves
Optics and optical instruments
Reflection and refraction of light
Dispersion and scattering of light
Electromagnetic waves
Wave properties of light
Optical instruments
Atoms a nuclei
Structure of atom
Photoelectric effect and mater waves
Nuclei and radio - activities
Nuclear fission and fusion
Semiconductors and their applications
Basics of semiconductors
Semiconductor devices
Applications of semiconductor device
The sun and the solar family
Astronomical telescopes
Electronics in daily life
Measuring instruments in electronics
Power supply and signal generating systems
Microprocessor and its applications
Circuit breaker, timer and power control
Photography and video –audiography
Photography – camera
Film exposing and processing
Audio-video recording
Compact disc for audio-video recording
Atoms molecules and chemical arithmetics
Atoms structure and chemical arithmetics
States of matter
Chemical energetics
Chemical dynamics
Chemistry of elements
Chemistry of organic compounds
Chemistry and industry
Environmental chemistry
Diversity and evolution of life
Classification of organisms
Scheme of five kingdom classification of organisms
Kingdom prokaryote (monera)
Kingdom Protista
Kingdom Plantae
Kingdom Animalia
Origin and evolution of life
Cell, cell function and tissues.
Cell structure
Cell division
Levels of organisation (cell to organism)
Functional morphology and life processes in plants
Absorption and transport
Transpiration and guttation
Flower and inflorescence
Growth and development
Functional morphology and life processes in animals
Digestive system
Respiratory system
Circulatory system
Excretory system
Nervous system
Skin and skeletal system
Endocrine system (chemical
Reproductive system
Reproduction and development
Reproduction in non-flowering plants
Reproduction in flowering plants
Vegetative reproduction in plants
Patterns of reproduction in animals
Basic features of embryonic
Development in animals
Embryonic nutrition in birds and
Mammals (human)
Some special aspects in developmental biology
Heredity and genetics
Principles of inheritance
Gene expression and interaction
Physical and chemical basis of heredity
Human genetics
Genetics and society
Population explosion
And family planning
Concept and definitions
Consequences of overpopulation
Control of population growth
Methods of contraception
Environmental biology
Ecological principles
Spatial distribution of plants and animals
Conservation and use of natural resources
Radiation in relation to human life
Tools and techniques in biology including laboratory techniques
General laboratory equipments
Preparation of common stains and reagents
Unit 5
Some techniques
Economy biology
Mushroom culture, floriculture and
Medicinal plant
Forest wealth
Animal husbandry
Apiculture and lac culture
Health sciences
Concept of health and hygiene
Nutrition and health
Nutritional disorders
Dangers of drug addiction
Communicable disease
Non-communicable disease
Sexually transmitted diseases
Emerging areas in biology - biochemistry, biotechnology and immunology
Part a: biochemistry
Introduction to biochemistry
Simple biologically important molecules
Metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids
Translation and transcription
Part b: biotechnology
Uses of biological processes in
General idea of genetic engineering
General idea of transgenic organisms
Biogas production
Gene therapy in humans
Part c : immunobiology
Tissues and organs involved in the
Immune system
Definition of antigen, antibody
Types of immunity
Active immunization (vaccines
Effect of hiv on immune system
Definition of allergens
Business studies
Introduction to business
Nature and scope of business
Forms of business organisation
Business as a career
Unit. 1
Unit. 2
Unit. 3
Trade and service activities
Unit. 4
Management of business
Unit. 5
Unit. 6
Financing of business
Introduction to business financing
Meaning, objectives, nature and scope
Marketing mix
Channels of distribution
Sales promotion
Personal selling
Office procedures and practices
Nature and functions of office
Office set-up: type of jobs in a modern office.
Handling inward and outward mail
Systems of filing and indexing
Office equipments and machines
Practical banking
Nature and scope of banking
Types Of banks
Functions of commercial banks
Opening and operating of deposit
Loans and advances
Other banking services
Introduction to factory
Nature and characteristics of factories
Health and welfare measures in
Safety measures in factories
Working and service conditions in factories
Agency services
Meaning, characteristics and importance of agency services
Home science
Resource management
Development in middle childhood
Fabric science
Food and nutrition
Optional module
Complex numbers and quadratic equations
Determinants & matrices
Permutations & combinations
Sequences & series
Coordinate geometry
Differential calculus
Integral calculus
Statistics & probability
Vectors & analytical solid geometry
Linear programming
The earth – a living planet
The domain of air on the planet earth
The domain of water on the planet earth
Changing face of the planet earth
Life on the earth
Physical setting in india
Natural resources and their
Development in india
Man-made resources and their development in india
Human resource and their
Optional module
Teaching of geography at
Primary level
Geography of tourism in india
Field work in geography
Map and its elements
Map interpretation
Statistical diagram
Political science
Individual, state and the global order
Aspects of the constitution of india
Organs of government: centre and state levels
State levels
Democracy at work
Organisation of the government
Democratic decentralisation
Contemporary political concerns
World politics and india
Some emerging issues of indian politics
Freedom struggle and constitutional
Development in india
Introduction to financial accounting
Accounting-an introduction
Accounting assumptions
Accounting concepts
Accounting conventions
Accounting terms, accounting equation and journal
Accounting terms
Accounting equation
Rules of accounting
Cash book
Voucher approach in accounting
Vouchers and their preparation
Day book and subsidiary day books
Recording the vouchers into day books
Recording the vouchers into subsidiary day books
Ledger posting of day book
Posting of subsidiary day books
Trial balance
Errors and their rectification
Bank reconciliation statement
Financial statements
Capital and revenue
Preparation of trading and profit and loss account and balance sheet
Preparation of trading and profit and loss a/c and balance sheet (with adjustments)
Partnership accounts
Admission of partner
Retirement and death of a partner
Dissolution of a partnership firm
Accounting for share capital
Joint-stock company – an introduction
Issue of shares
Forfeiture and reissue of forfeited shares
Analysis of financial statements
Ratio analysis – an introduction
Accounting ratios – I
Accounting ratios – II
Funds flow statement – I
Funds flow statement – II
Final accounts of non-trading organisations
Accounts of non-trading organisations-I
Accounts of non-trading organisations-II
Sociology: basic concepts
Social institutions and social
Social change socialization and
Social control
Indian Society
Status of women
Ancient Indian history
Prehistoric india
The harappan civilisation
The vedic age
Ancient indian religions
Growth of political unity
Climax of ancient india
The age of mauryas
Kanishka and satavahanas
The gupta empire and harsha
Development in eastern and southern india
Life under the maurya and the gupta empire
Legacy of ancient india
Indian culture abroad
Our cultural heritage
Rise and fall of the delhi sultanate
Establishment of the delhi sultanate
Alauddin khalji and muhammad bin tughlaq
Disintegration of the delhi sultanate
Rise and fall of the vijaynagar and bahmani kingdoms
The mughal empire
Establishment of the mughal empire
Consolidation of the mughal empire
Decline of the mughal empire
Mughal relations with rajputs and sikhs
Mughal empire and the deccan
Rise of the marathas
Contribution of medieval india
Administrative system and military organization
Social and economic conditions
Religious policy
Development of culture
Renascent india
Establishment of British rule in India
Assessment of the british rule
English education in india
Religious reform movements
Social reforms
India’s struggle for independence
The revolt of 1857
Factor contributing to the growth of indian nationalism
Indian national movement (1885-1905)
Growth of indian national movement (1906-1918)
Struggle for freedom (1919-1942)
Towards poorna swaraj 1942-1947
An overview
India since independence
Computer science
Anatomy of a digital computer
Data processing concept
Computer software
Operating system
Data communication and networking
Fundamentals of internet and java programming
Introduction to c++
General concept of oop
Control statements
Structure, type def & enumerated data type
Classes & objects with constructors / destructors
Inheritance extending classes
History and appreciation of Indian art
Art of Indus valley civilization
Art of Mauryan to Gupta period
Indo – Islamic architecture
History and appreciation of Indian paintings and sculptures
Mughal school
Company school
Pioneers of contemporary art movements in India
Contemporary arts of India
Foundations of behaviour – I
Foundations of behaviour – II
Human development
Group process
Work & stress
Mass communication
Data entry operations
Basics of computer
Operating system
Basics of word processing
Formatting documents
Mail merge
Basics of spreadsheet
Formatting worksheets
Formulas, functions and charts
Creating presentation
Introduction to the internet

NIOS Class 12 2020 Preparation Tips


NIOS class 12 is one of the most important stages of a student's academic life. Therefore, it is important to prepare for NIOS class 12 exam carefully. Candidates are advised to check out NIOS preparation tips to help them make a strategy to ace the exams. Read NIOS preparation tips below:

Know your syllabus: NIOS students need to know the detailed syllabus for the exam before preparation. Knowing the syllabus enables you to prioritise topics and subjects and gives you a realistic sense of how your preparation is going. Candidates can also learn which topics to prepare for the exam by looking at the detailed NIOS class 12 syllabus.

NIOS class 12 study material: NIOS provides its students with online study material to prepare for the exam. This gives students a way to prepare and get ready for the exam. Students can access the NIOS study material through the link provided on this page. NIOS study material encompasses all topics which are going to come in the exam, thus, it is important for students to study from the study material before going to more advanced books.

Study from reference books: This NIOS preparation tip is strictly for students who have already finished studying from the NIOS study material and have enough time at hand. Such students can go to more advanced books in order to gain an edge over the competition. 

Make a study plan: To give a defined structure to your academic lifestyle, it is important that students should make a study plan. This will help them segregate topics and units according to weightage, which will be beneficial for them. Candidates can also track their preparation this way and make sure they finish the syllabus before exam time. 

Practise from sample papers: NIOS sample papers are available on the link provided on this page. To prepare better for an exam and strengthen a topic, it is required that a candidate should solve NIOS sample papers. This will give them confidence and help them on the exam day.

NIOS exam pattern will help students in tackling the papers easily. Students can get information regarding the marking scheme, types and standard of questions asked, syllabus and much more through NIOS class 12th exam pattern 2019. Subject wise marks distribution for NIOS class 12th exam is given below:

  • English: Being a theoretical subject, students will have to write a lot in the examination. Total marks for the English exam will be 100 marks and students will be given a 3 hours time duration to attempt the question paper.
  • Commerce (Business studies): Business studies exam will have a total score of 100 marks and students are required to attempt the question paper in 3 hours.
  • Home science: This paper will comprise the questions of a total of 100 marks to be solved within 3 hours.
  • Accountancy: Question paper of accountancy is to be solved in 3 hours time. The paper will have a total score of 100 marks.
  • Sociology: Sociology exam has a total score of 100 marks which students have to solve under 3 hours. Sociology exam paper also has optional sections and students can choose the questions they know over the other questions.
  • Chemistry: Chemistry question paper asks varied types of questions of chemical equations, numerical, theory etc. Students are required to solve this question paper within 3 hours. The paper has a total score of 80 marks.
  • Geography: Geography is one of the main subjects of Arts stream. The geography question paper is worth 80 marks and students have to attempt the complete question paper within a time limit of 3 hours.
  • History: History is another core subject of Arts stream contains the questions of 80 marks with a duration of 3 hours. 
  • Mass communication: Mass communication is an elective subject. The theory paper of Mass communication has a total score of 80 marks which students have to solve within 3 hours.
  • Painting: Painting subject has two papers, theory and practical. Students have to solve the theory question paper in 1 hour and 30 minutes and total marks of theory paper is 30.
  • It is important to solve NIOS sample papers while preparing for the exam. 
  • Solving sample papers gives students confidence for the day of the exam and makes them more prepared. 
  • Students can get information like marking scheme, exam pattern, frequent topics, typology of questions and much more while solving NIOS sample papers. 

NIOS class 12th admit card will be provided online in the third week of September and for April Exams in the month of March. NIOS will provide the admit card separately for theory and practical examinations. Students can download NIOS class 12 admit card through the link provided above. Students will have to provide their 12 digit enrollment number assigned to them at the time of NIOS class 12 admission. To download your NIOS class 12th admit card, follow the steps given below:

Step 1: click on the link provided.

Step 2: Enter your 12 digit enrollment number in the login window.

Step 3: Choose practical examination or theory examinations from the select list and click on the 'submit' button.

Step 4: NIOS class 12th admit card  would load on your screen,

Step 5: Check for any discrepancies.

Step 6: Download and save the admit card for further uses. 

Documents Required at Exam

  • Government issued Photo ID/NIOS ID card
  • NIOS Class 12th admit card

NIOS will announce NIOS class 12 result in the first/second week of June and for october exam the result will be announced in November. Students can access their result using the link provided above. To access NIOS class 12th result, students will have to enter their 11/12 digit roll number provided on their admit card. Read the guide below to check how to download your result:

  • Step 1: Go to the link provided on this page.
  • Step 2: Enter your 11/12 digit enrollment number as provided on your admit card.
  • Step 3: Click on Submit.
  • Step 4: NIOS class 12th result will be displayed on the screen.
  • Step 5: Download and save the result for future references.

Qualifying Marks Trend

Year Category Cutoff
Oct 2018 General 35
OBC 35
SC 35
ST 35
General PWD 35

General Information

Questions related to NIOS Class 12

Showing 8 out of 8 Questions

While applying online for NIOS On-demand exam i have two subjects for TOC so will i have to sent my original marksheet to Nios for TOC ( if so pls explain me how ) And if i have to will i get back my original marksheet with the new nios marksheet

Ashish pal Student Expert 13th Nov, 2019

Hello dear aspirant.

No never send your original marksheet to anyone.

When you are applying for NIOS TOC, you have to upload your marksheet scan copy . As on now they don't ask for your marksheet to send them. At maximum in case of any problem they will ask you yourself to be present with your marksheet at NIOS head office Delhi..

Hope you get it.

Good luck


58 % PCM from state board and i am improving my marks through nios odes will these be accepted by JEE MAINS, VIT,SRM,KEAM etc bcz with my current marks from state,i am not eligible for this exams , so will they accept improvement through nios odes ?

Ashish pal Student Expert 13th Nov, 2019

Hello dear aspirant.

Yes with your current marks you are not eligible for JEE mains vitee WBJEE BITSAT etc examination. If you are going for NIOS on demand exam then it's better option but after result of on demand exam you can apply for them till then not. They all accept NIOS marksheet.

Hope you get it.

Good luck


excel is used to prepare charts only

Manidipa Kundu Student Expert 25th Oct, 2019


microsoft excel is a important software for business management and for any organization. not only chart making, the function of ms excel includes predefined formula that performs calculations using specific values in a particular order. Excel includes many common functions that can be used to quickly find the sum, average, count, maximum value, and minimum value for a range of cells.

hope you may understand.


can i gibe NIOS improvmwnt exam afyer passingy 12th three years ago?

Dinesh Goyal 21st Oct, 2019

NIOS students can appear for improvement exams only once for a subject during the admission period.

Other board students who have passed at least one subject may get NIOS admission under TOC to transfer their marks from their marks from other board to NIOS. Then they will to appear for NIOS exams.

All the Best!!!

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