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NCERT Books for Class 10 2024 - Download All Subjects PDF

NCERT Books for Class 10 2024 - Download All Subjects PDF

Edited By Shamshad Ali | Updated on Jun 17, 2024 07:34 PM IST

NCERT Books Class 10 2024-25 - National Council of Educational and Research Training publishes the NCERT Class 10 books in English, Hindi, and Urdu Languages. NCERT Books for class 10th PDF can be easily downloaded through the official website of the NCERT, NCERT books are prescribed by many boards including CBSE Board. NCERT books Class 10 are written in easy and understandable language. Therefore, students must refer to the pdf of class 10 NCERT Books. These books will not just help students in the board exam preparation but also help them to ace the competitive exams.

NCERT Books for Class 10 2024 - Download All Subjects PDF
NCERT Books for Class 10 2024 - Download All Subjects PDF

NCERT textbooks for class 10th are prepared by subject matter experts as per the learning ability of Class 10 students. This year more than 3 crore textbooks have already been made available through more than 1000 NCERT authorized distributors and retailers. Read further to download the NCERT books for class 10th and know the marking scheme of all the subjects.
Important- Cover the complete CBSE 10th syllabus 2024-25 from the pdf of class 10 NCERT Books for better preparation. Also, check the 10th result 2024-25.

NCERT Books Class 10th 2024-25 PDF (All Subjects)

NCERT published PDF of NCERT 10th class books for major subjects such as Mathematics, Hindi, Science, English, Social Science etc. Students can download NCERT class 10th books using the links given below:

NCERT Books for Class 10 Science

NCERT devised one book for class 10 science subjects which is available in three languages. NCERT class 10 science book consists of 16 chapters containing detailed knowledge of each and every topic of the Physics, Chemistry and Biology syllabus. Click on the link given above to download Chapter-wise and complete pdf of class 10 NCERT Books.

NCERT Class 10 Science Books PDF - Detailed

Chapter Name

Important Topics

Chemical Reactions and Equations

Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implications of a balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, neutralization, oxidation and reduction

Acids, Bases and Salts

Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH– ions, General properties, examples and uses, the concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), the importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris

Metals and Non- Metals

Properties of metals and non-metals; Reactivity series; Formation and properties of ionic compounds; Basic metallurgical processes; Corrosion and its prevention

Carbon and its Compounds

Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series. Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), the difference between saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction). Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents

Periodic Classification of Elements

Need for classification, Early attempts at classification of elements (Dobereiner’s Triads, Newland’s Law of Octaves, Mendeleev’s Periodic Table), Modern periodic table, gradation in properties, valency, atomic number, metallic and non-metallic properties

Life Processes

‘Living Being.’ The basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals

Control and Coordination

Tropic movements in plants; Introduction of plant hormones; Control and co-ordination in animals: Nervous system; Voluntary, involuntary and reflex action; Chemical co-ordination: animal hormones

How do Organisms Reproduce?

Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health-need and methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV/AIDS. Childbearing and women’s health

Heredity and Evolution

Heredity; Mendel’s contribution- Laws for inheritance of traits: Sex determination: brief introduction; Basic concepts of evolution

Light - Reflection and Refraction

Reflection of light by curved surfaces; Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required), magnification.

Refraction; Laws of refraction, refractive index.

Refraction of light by the spherical lens; Image formed by spherical lenses; Lens formula (Derivation not required); Magnification. Power of a lens

The Human Eye and the Colourful World

The functioning of a lens in the human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses

Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life


Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm’s law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, the parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R

Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

The magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current-carrying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on the current-carrying conductor, Fleming’s Left-Hand Rule, Electric Motor, Electromagnetic induction. The induced potential difference, Induced current. Fleming’s Right Hand Rule, Electric Generator, Direct current. Alternating current: frequency of AC. Advantage of AC over DC. Domestic electric circuits

Sources of Energy

Different forms of energy, conventional and non-conventional sources of energy: Fossil fuels, solar energy; biogas; wind, water and tidal energy; Nuclear energy. Renewable versus non-renewable sources of Energy

Our Environment

Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances

Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

Conservation and judicious use of natural resources. Forest and wildlife; Coal and Petroleum conservation. Examples of people’s participation in the conservation of natural resources. Big dams: advantages and limitations; alternatives, if any. Water harvesting. Sustainability of natural resources

NCERT Class 10 Science book PDF Download (English and Hindi Medium)

NCERT Books for Class 10 2024-25 for Hindi

Hindi is the major subject for students appearing for board exams. NCERT prescribes four books to the students of class 10 which covers the entire literature and grammar NCERT 10th syllabus of Hindi. Chapter-wise books and complete NCERT books class 10 Hindi are available to download in pdf format on the official website,


NCERT Books for Class 10 2024-25 for Maths

  • NCERT devised a class 10th NCERT textbook for Mathematics in three languages.
  • NCERT books class 10 Math have 15 chapters in total which includes Quadratic equations, A.P., Trigonometry, Geometry, Probability, Statistics etc.
  • Maths book also includes additional information about the topics in the form of an appendix.
  • Answers/Hints are also provided to help students to ensure their own answers.
  • Click on the link given above to download NCERT class 10 math book.

NCERT Class 10 Maths Book PDF Links (English/Hindi)

NCERT Books for Class 10 2024-25 English

English has become a global language so it is compulsory to learn the English language to communicate with the world. NCERT devised two books for class 10 students titled as First Flight and Footprints without Feet. NCERT books Class 10 English is available to download in chapter-wise pdf in the following table. Students can also download the complete class 10th NCERT textbook for English using the link given above. CBSE Class 10 syllabus consists of literature and grammar parts.

NCERT Class 10 English Books (First Flight)

NCERT English Books for Class 10 (Footprints without Feet)

NCERT Books Class 10th 2024-25 Social Science

  • Social science is one of the major subjects of class 10 students which is divided into four parts: Geography, History, Political Science and Economics.

  • NCERT devised separate book for each part of the subject titled as Contemporary India, Understanding Economic Development, India and the contemporary World-II and Democratic Politics

  • Click on the link given above to download NCERT Class 10 Social Science books in pdf files.

NCERT Class 10 CBSE History Book

NCERT Class 10 Social Science Books - Geography

Civics Class 10 NCERT Book

NCERT 10th Social Science Book of Economics

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Why are NCERT Books for Class 10th referred for exam preparation?

NCERT books are referred for most of the board exams, entrance and competitive exams. These books are well-known for the preparation of the said exams. The major reasons are listed below to choose NCERT books for study:

  • These books are student-centric and written by expert writers.
  • The books are an authentic and reliable source of detailed knowledge about the topics mentioned in the NCERT class 10 syllabus.
  • These books flow from easy topics to tough ones to improve a student's understanding skills.
  • NCERT books class 10 are available in an interesting colourful print which provides better visualization.
  • The books contain proper figures, diagrams and graphs and it helps students to grasp the concept easily.
  • The books consist of properly explained examples and questions for practice to clear the concepts.

Also, read NCERT Exemplar and NCERT Notes

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. Are the questions in the competitive exams asked from the NCERT books Class 10 Science?

Yes, in many scholarship exams such as NTSE etc, many questions are asked from the Books for NCERT Class 10.

2. What is the difference between the CBSE and NCERT books Class 10?

CBSE is a board which is the governing body while NCERT is the publishing body.

3. How can I download the NCERT Class 10 books?

NCERT books Class 10 can be downloaded online from the official website of the NCERT,


Get answers from students and experts

A block of mass 0.50 kg is moving with a speed of 2.00 ms-1 on a smooth surface. It strikes another mass of 1.00 kg and then they move together as a single body. The energy loss during the collision is

Option 1)

0.34\; J

Option 2)

0.16\; J

Option 3)

1.00\; J

Option 4)

0.67\; J

A person trying to lose weight by burning fat lifts a mass of 10 kg upto a height of 1 m 1000 times.  Assume that the potential energy lost each time he lowers the mass is dissipated.  How much fat will he use up considering the work done only when the weight is lifted up ?  Fat supplies 3.8×107 J of energy per kg which is converted to mechanical energy with a 20% efficiency rate.  Take g = 9.8 ms−2 :

Option 1)

2.45×10−3 kg

Option 2)

 6.45×10−3 kg

Option 3)

 9.89×10−3 kg

Option 4)

12.89×10−3 kg


An athlete in the olympic games covers a distance of 100 m in 10 s. His kinetic energy can be estimated to be in the range

Option 1)

2,000 \; J - 5,000\; J

Option 2)

200 \, \, J - 500 \, \, J

Option 3)

2\times 10^{5}J-3\times 10^{5}J

Option 4)

20,000 \, \, J - 50,000 \, \, J

A particle is projected at 600   to the horizontal with a kinetic energy K. The kinetic energy at the highest point

Option 1)


Option 2)

\; K\;

Option 3)


Option 4)


In the reaction,

2Al_{(s)}+6HCL_{(aq)}\rightarrow 2Al^{3+}\, _{(aq)}+6Cl^{-}\, _{(aq)}+3H_{2(g)}

Option 1)

11.2\, L\, H_{2(g)}  at STP  is produced for every mole HCL_{(aq)}  consumed

Option 2)

6L\, HCl_{(aq)}  is consumed for ever 3L\, H_{2(g)}      produced

Option 3)

33.6 L\, H_{2(g)} is produced regardless of temperature and pressure for every mole Al that reacts

Option 4)

67.2\, L\, H_{2(g)} at STP is produced for every mole Al that reacts .

How many moles of magnesium phosphate, Mg_{3}(PO_{4})_{2} will contain 0.25 mole of oxygen atoms?

Option 1)


Option 2)

3.125 × 10-2

Option 3)

1.25 × 10-2

Option 4)

2.5 × 10-2

If we consider that 1/6, in place of 1/12, mass of carbon atom is taken to be the relative atomic mass unit, the mass of one mole of a substance will

Option 1)

decrease twice

Option 2)

increase two fold

Option 3)

remain unchanged

Option 4)

be a function of the molecular mass of the substance.

With increase of temperature, which of these changes?

Option 1)


Option 2)

Weight fraction of solute

Option 3)

Fraction of solute present in water

Option 4)

Mole fraction.

Number of atoms in 558.5 gram Fe (at. wt.of Fe = 55.85 g mol-1) is

Option 1)

twice that in 60 g carbon

Option 2)

6.023 × 1022

Option 3)

half that in 8 g He

Option 4)

558.5 × 6.023 × 1023

A pulley of radius 2 m is rotated about its axis by a force F = (20t - 5t2) newton (where t is measured in seconds) applied tangentially. If the moment of inertia of the pulley about its axis of rotation is 10 kg m2 , the number of rotations made by the pulley before its direction of motion if reversed, is

Option 1)

less than 3

Option 2)

more than 3 but less than 6

Option 3)

more than 6 but less than 9

Option 4)

more than 9

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