About RBSE 12th 2021
Rajasthan Board of Secondary Education, Ajmer will conduct the RBSE 12th exams 2021 in the month of March 2021. Around 10 lakh students appear in the RBSE 12th examination every year. To appear in the RBSE class 12 exams 2021, students must have passed class 11th examination from RBSE or any other recognized board of education.
Latest RBSE 12th Exams 2021 Update:
- Rajasthan Board is all set to reduce its syllabus for the academic year 2020-21. Several Boards such as CBSE and other State Boards have reduced Class 10 and 12 syllabus by 30 per cent for this academic session.
- It is advisable that students must solve the RBSE 12th question papers 2021 to know the difficulty level of the exams.
More about RBSE 12th Exams 2021:
- Students will be able to apply for the RBSE 12th Class exams 2021 from their respective schools only.
- The exam duration for Rajasthan 12th board exam will be 3 hours. The RBSE 12th 2021 exam will be conducted in pen and paper mode.
- Students can check the RBSE 12th syllabus 2021 to know the detailed syllabus and exam pattern of RBSE 12th 2021.
- Rajasthan Board will release the RBSE 12th date sheet 2021 in the last week of December 2021.
- The RBSE 12th exams 2021 admit card will be released in February 2021 in online and offline modes.
- RBSE 12th practical exams are expected to be conducted in January/February 2021.
- In order to pass the RBSE Class 12th exams 2021, students need to score at least 33% marks.
- RBSE 12th result 2021 will be declared in May 2021 for Science, Arts and Commerce streams.
RBSE 12th 2021 Highlights
|Full Exam Name||Rajasthan Board of Secondary Education 12th Examination|
|Short Exam Name||RBSE 12th|
|Conducting Body||Board of Secondary Education, Rajasthan|
|Frequency of Conduct||Once a year|
|Languages||English, Persian +5 More|
|Mode of Application||Offline|
|Mode of Exam||Offline|
|Exam Duration||3 Hours|
RBSE 12th 2021 Eligibility Criteria
In order to be eligible for the Rajasthan board class 12 examination, students must clear their class 11th from RBSE or any other recognized board of education. There is no age limit to appear in the RBSE 12th exams 2021.
RBSE 12th 2021 Application Process
Mode of Application : Offline
Mode of Payment : Other
In order to fill the RBSE 12th application form 2021, students need to enter required details like name, date of birth, gender, address, medium, previous academic details, vocational selection, third language selection, etc. The requisite documents and certificates should be attached with the application form and submitted to the school authorities as specified.
For regular students who are enrolled in schools, the application process of RBSE 12th exams 2021 is taken care of by the respective schools only. Whereas the private students are required to fill the RBSE 12th application form 2021 by themselves.
RBSE 12th 2021 Syllabus
|Unseen passage: Comprehension|
|Unseen passage: Note making|
|Short compositions: Writing advertisements and notices. Accepting and declining invitations|
|A report on an event or a factual description|
|Letter writing: (a) Business or official letters (for making enquiries, registering complaints, asking for and giving information, placing orders and sending replies), (b) letters to the editor on various social, national, and international issues|
|Letter writing: (c) Application for a job including CV (curriculum vitae)/ resume|
Text books: Rainbow
Supplementary book: Panorama
Computer technology and programming-II
Data structure using C language
|Introduction to data structure chapter: Introduction to data structure, definition, classification of data structure, operation on data structure|
|Array: Array definition, representation, representation and analysis, single and multi-dimensional array, basic operation on array|
|Sorting: Search, linear search, binary search, character string in c, Fibonacci series|
Object oriented programming with C++
|Beginning with C++: Structure of C++ program, compiling and linking, token, keywords, identifiers and constants, basic data types, user defined data types, derived data types, type compatibility, declaration of variable|
|Operators, expression and control structures: Introduction, expression, and their types, operator precedence and associativity, control structure|
|Class and object: Introduction, define class, defining member function, access modifier, array within class, static data member, static member function|
|Constructor and de constructor: Introduction, constructor, parameterize constructor, multiple constructor in a class, constructor with default argument, dynamic initialization of an object, copy constructor, destructor|
|Operator overloading: Introduction, operator function|
|Inheritance: Introduction, defining derived class, single inheritance, multilevel inheritance, multiple inheritance|
Relational database management system
|DBMS concept: Introduction to file system, hierarchy of data, DBMS, goal and advantages of DBMS, application of DBMS, abstraction level of DBMS, schema, instances, database languages, classification of DBMS, data model, hierarchical data model|
|DBMS concept: Network and relational, ER model and ER diagram, different attribute types, mapping cardinality constraints, constraints, introduction of normalization, relational database design, normal forms, first normal forms, second normal form|
|DBMS concept: Third normal form, BCNF. Relational database concept, database schema, relational database instance, primary key, data constraints, entity integrity, referential integrity, foreign key integrity|
|SQL: Introduction to SQL, data definition language, data manipulation language, data control language, data query language and related commands, format model, character, numeric and date format model, operators|
|SQL: Logical value syntax and query expression operator, set operator, functions, commit, roll back, save point, query using group by and order by clauses. Joins, query a single table, multiple table, ordering result, grouping the result, type of joins|
|SQL: Sub queries|
Computer technology and programing-II
Object oriented programming with C++
|Function in C++: Introduction, function prototype, call by reference, return by reference|
Major concepts of political science
|Major concepts: Justice, power authority and legitimacy, liberty and equality|
|Modern political concepts: Political socialization, political culture, political participation|
|Emerging dimensions of Indian politics: Planning and development, NITI Aayog, environment natural resources, India and globalization, new social movement, social, economic justice, and women reservation|
Indian government and democracy
|Indian constitution: Salient features of Indian constitution-preamble, main elements of Indian federal system|
|Governance in India: Parliament, Lok Sabha, and Rajya Sabha, judiciary-formation, function, and judicial of the supreme court|
|Challenges before Indian democracy: Casteism and communalism, terrorism, criminalization of politics and corruption, politics of coalition|
|India's foreign policy and the United nations: Characteristics of Indian foreign policy and non-alignment, United nations-contribution towards world peace and security|
Fundamentals of human geography
|Introduction to human geography: Human geography-definition, nature, subject matter, and significance. Major tribes in the world-eskimos, bushman, gond, bhil: Their distribution, economic and cultural characteristics|
|World population: Distribution, factor affecting population density. Population growth-causes, problems, and solutions, demographic transition theory. Population structure-age group, sex ratio, rural-urban. Migration-concept, types, aspects, and problems|
|World population: Concepts of human development|
|Human settlements in the world: Settlement-types of rural and urban settlements, patterns, and problems. Urban slum-problems and solutions. A case study of Dharavi slum area in Mumbai|
|Human occupations: Primary occupations-introduction, agriculture, mining, hunting, animal husbandry, fishing and ancestral gathering. Secondary occupations-types of industries, determination of industrial location, agro-based industries|
|Human occupations: manufacturing industries. Tertiary, quaternary and quandary occupations|
|World-transport, network, and trade: Surface transport-principal international roads and railways. Water transport-principal inland and oceanic waterways, ports, SUEZ, and panama canal sea routes. Air transport-principal air routes and airports|
|World-transport, network, and trade: Pipe line transport-principal oil and gase lines. International trade and role of India. Modern means of mass communication-satellite, internet, mobile etc|
|Environment: Environmental problems-pollution, acid rain, greenhouse effect, ozone layer depletion. World environmental summits|
Population and economic
|India-population: Distribution, density, population, growth, and aspects. Population structure-age group, literacy, sex ratio, literacy, rural and urban. Racial groups, religions composition, foreign impact on Indian culture|
|Resources: Classification, conservation, and sustainable development. Non-biotic resources-land, water, minerals (iron are, copper, aluminum, mica). Biotic resources-animal wealth, forest, and fisheries|
|Resources: Energy resources-conventional (coal, petroleum, hydroelectricity) and non conventional (nuclear, organic, wind, and solar)|
|Agriculture: Types of agriculture-subsistence and commercial, wet farming and dry farming, intensive and dispersed, organic and chemical fertilizes based, horticulture. Major crops-distribution and production of wheat, rice, cotton, sugarcane, tea|
|Manufacturing industries and transport: Industrial development in India, major industries-iron-steel, aluminum, cement, cotton textile, sugar, and engineering. Transport-land, water, air, oil, and gas pipelines|
|Development and planning: Development and planning-major plans, and implementation. Regional planning-regional imbalances, desert development programme, tribal area development programme, mountain area development|
|Development and planning: Poverty alleviation and employment programmes, MGNREGA-role and impact. Sustainable development-traditional and modern view points|
|Rajasthan-population and economy: Rural development-dairy and cottage industries. Major industries-cotton textile, cement. Minerals-marble, copper, zinc, silver, tungsten, gypsum, and petroleum. Major irrigation projects-Chambal, Indira Gandhi, and Mahi|
|Rajasthan-population and economy: Problem of drinking water and plans. Population distribution, density, sex ratio, and literacy. Major tribes-Meena, Bhil, Garasia, Saharia, and Damor|
Relations and Functions
|Inverse circular functions: Inverse circular functions, range, domain, principal value, general value, properties of inverse circular functions-sin(sin¯x)=x, sin¯(sinӨ)=Ө, cos(cos¯x)=x, cos¯(cosӨ)=Ө, tan(tan¯x)=x, tan¯(tanӨ)=Ө|
|Inverse circular functions: Properties of inverse circular functions-cot(cot¯x)=x, cot¯(cotӨ)=Ө, sec(sec¯x)=x, sec¯(secӨ)=Ө, cosec(cosec¯x)=x, cosec¯(cosecӨ)=Ө|
|Matrices: Definition and notations, order, equality, types of matrices, zero and identity matrix, unit matrix, transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew symmetric matrices|
|Matrices: Operation on matrices-addition, difference, multiplication and multiplication with a scalar. Properties of addition operation, properties of multiplication operation, properties of scalar multiplication|
|Determinants: Definition, determinant of a square matrix (up to 3 x 3 matrices), minors, co-factors, expansion of determinants|
|Inverse of a matrix and linear equations: Singular and non-singular matrix, adjoint of a square matrix, inverse of a matrix, applications of determinants-area of a triangle, condition of collinearity of three points|
|Inverse of a matrix and linear equations: Equation of a line passing through two points; solution of system of linear equations using principal of matrix|
|Continuity and differentiability: Definition of continuity, continuous and discontinuous functions, properties of continuous functions, differentiability, differentiable function, derivative of composite functions, chain rule|
|Continuity and differentiability: Derivative of implicit functions, derivatives of logarithmic and exponential functions, logarithmic differentiation; second order derivatives|
|Applications of derivatives: Applications of derivatives-increasing and decreasing functions, tangents, and normal, definition and working methods for maxima, and minima of functions|
|Integrals: Definition, integration of a variety of functions-by standard formulae, by substitution, by partial fractions, and by parts, evaluation of simple integrals of the following types–∫ dx/x ± a, ∫ dx/ √x ± a, ∫ dx/ √ a - x|
|Integrals: Evaluation of simple integrals of the following types–∫ dx/ ax + bc + c, ∫ (px + q) dx/ ax + bc + c, ∫√ a ± x dx and ∫ √ x - a dx. Fundamental theorem of calculus (without proof), basic properties of definite integrals|
|Applications of the integrals: Applications in finding the area under simple curves (excluding parabolas and ellipses)|
|Differential equations: Differential equation-order and degree, general and particular solutions of a differential equation, solution of differential equations of first order and first degree by method of separation of variables|
|Differential equations: Solutions of homogeneous differential equations, definition of linear differential equation and its solutions|
Vectors and three-dimensional geometry
|Vectors: Vectors and scalars, magnitude and direction of a vector, types of vectors (equal, unit, zero, parallel and collinear vectors), position vector of a point, negative of a vector, components of a vector, addition of vectors|
|Vectors: Multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of a point dividing a line segment by joining of two points in a given ratio, scalar (dot) product of two vectors and its properties, vector (cross) product of two vectors and its properties|
|Three-dimensional geometry: Direction cosines and direction ratios of a line joining two points. Cartesian equation and vector equation of a line, intersection of two lines, perpendicular distance of a point from a line, coplanar and skew lines|
|Three-dimensional geometry: Shortest distance between two skew lines, distance between two parallel lines|
Probability and probability distribution
|Conditional probability, multiplication theorem on probability, independent events, total probability, random variable, and its probability distribution|
Intelligence and aptitude
|Introduction, intelligence-definition and nature, theories of intelligence: Spearman, Guilford, Cattell, and Gardner, assessment of intelligence, aptitude: Meaning, measurement of aptitude|
Self and personality
|Introduction, self concept, self esteem, self regulation, concept of personality, types of personality, determinants of personality, personality assessment: Self report measures, projective techniques, behavioural aspects|
Stress, human capabilities, and well being
|Introduction, meaning of stress, types of stress, effect of stress on psychological functioning and health, stress and human capabilities: Cognitive, affective, behavioural, coping with stress, others specific techniques, health and well being|
|Introduction, concept and meaning of abnormality, and psychological disorders, classification of psychological disorder, models of abnormality: Anxiety disorder, mood disorder, schizophrenia, causes of abnormal behaviour, major psychological disorder|
Therapeutic approaches and counselling
|Introduction, nature and process of psychotherapy: Therapeutic relationship, types of psychotherapies: Psychodynamic therapy, behaviour therapy, cognitive therapy, cognitive therapy, cognitive behaviour therapy|
|Counselling: Nature of counselling, goals of counselling, objectives of counselling, counselling and psychotherapy|
Attitude and social cognition
|Introduction, attitude, attitude formation, social cognition, impression formation, pro social behavior|
|Introduction, meaning of applied psychology, application of psychology in various field|
Developing psychological skills
|Introduction, developing as an effective psychologist, general skills, observational skills, specific skills: Communication skills, interviewing skills, counselling skills|
|Unseen passage and poem|
|Composition such as an article, report, speech|
|Editing and error correction of words and sentences|
|Changing the narration of a given input|
|Metaphysical poetry, impressionism, stream of consciousness, interior monologue, Anglo-Indian literature, Indo-Anglican literature|
Text book: Prudence
Fiction: Inside the Haveli
Change and challenges in Indian society
|Structural, cultural aspects of Indian society and challenges of diversity in Indian society|
|Religious, cultural, geographical, and political differences, unity in diversity|
|Perception of social inequality and social exclusion, caste prejudices|
|Scheduled castes, 30 scheduled tribes of Rajasthan and other backward classes, struggle for gender equality, protection of religious minorities, care of differently-abled persons|
|Structural change in India-tradition and modernity|
|Westernization, sanskritisation, secularization, and post modernization|
|Instruments of change in rural society-panchayatiraj, political party|
|Status of woman in Rajasthan, girl education in Rajasthan, problem of child labour and remedies|
|Social movement, peasant movement in Rajasthan (Bijolia), tribal movement in Rajasthan (Bhagat), environment movement in Rajasthan (Khejarli)|
Introduction to partnership
|Meaning, definition, need features, and types of partnership, partnership deed-meaning contents, rules in the absence of partnership deed, partners capital accounts fixed and fluctuating|
|Distribution of profit among partners-profit and loss appropriation account, interest on partners capital and interest on drawings, past adjustments/ adjustment in closing accounts, guarantee of minimum profit to a partner|
Admission of new partner
|Rights of a new partner, new profit sharing ratio, sacrificing ratio, goodwill-meaning, methods of valuation and accounting treatment of goodwill, revaluation of assets and liabilities, revaluation accounts and memorandum revaluation account|
|Distribution of accumulated profit, loss or reserve, adjustment of partners capital, accounting treatment of change in profit sharing ratio among existing partners|
Accounting for retirement and death of partner
|Meaning and methods of retirement of a partner, new profit sharing ratio and gain ratio, accounting treatment of goodwill on retirement or death of a partner, accounting treatment for revaluation of assets and reassessment of liabilities|
|Accounting treatment of accumulated profit/ loss, reserve on retirement or death, computation and payment of amount due to retiring or deceased partner|
Company accounts: Issue of shares and debentures
|Company: Meaning and characteristics, kinds, and classification, shares and kinds of shares, accounting treatment of issue of shares at par and at premium, accounting treatment of issue of shares for cash and for consideration other than cash|
|Under subscription and over subscription of shares, sweat equity shares, right shares, employee stock option plan and escrow account, meaning, characteristic, and types of debentures, accounting treatment of issue of debentures|
|Accounting treatment of issue of debentures for consideration other than cash, disclosure of debentures in balance sheet, accounting treatment of interest on debentures, writing off discount or loss on issue of debentures|
Joint venture accounts
|Meaning and introduction of joint venture, methods of accounting for joint venture: (i) Separate books are kept, (ii) no separate books are kept, when each venturer keep records of his transactions only|
|When each venturer keeps record of his own as well as of other coadventurers transactions|
Accounting for non-trading organizations and professional persons
|Meaning of non-trading organization and books kept by them, preparation of receipt and payment account, preparation of income and expenditure account, preparation of balance sheet|
|Preparation of opening and closing balance sheet from receipt and payment account and income, and expenditure account, difference between receipt and payment account and income, and expenditure account|
Analysis of financial statements
|Meaning, definition, objectives, nature, and characteristics of financial statements, objects, merits, limitations, and process of financial analysis, techniques of financial statement analysis, comparative financial statement|
|Common size financial statement|
|Meaning of ration analysis, meaning of ratio and its expression, objectives and limitations of ration analysis, precaution in using ratios|
|Classification of ratios: (i) Liquidity ratios, (ii) solvency ratios, (iii) activity ratios, (iv) profitability ratios, (v) investment analysis ratios|
Application of electronic spreadsheet in accounting
|Utility of spreadsheet, features of microsoft excel, spreadsheet sources and use them in accounting, financial analysis through spreadsheets, elements of excel spreadsheet, difference between spread sheet and workbook|
Computerized accounting system
|Computerized accounting system: Meaning, components, capabilities, utility, benefits, automation of the accounting process, composition of computerized accounting system, management information system and accounting information system|
|Computerized accounting software, manual and computerized accounting system|
|Meaning, definition, nature, functional areas, process principles, managerial roles emerging trends: MBO, MBE strategic management stress management|
Motivation and leadership
|Meaning, definition, needs techniques theories-MASLOW Herzberg leadership-meaning definition, traits, styles|
|Meaning, definition, objectives, means, merit, demerits, importance, marketing management meaning, definition, process, importance sales promotion-introduction, importance, types, methods|
|Introduction, nature importance, barriers, entrepreneur trades, types, womens rural enterprenues, EDP-goverment efforts|
|Introduction, scope, types objective, functions, needs importance, social security, insurance agents functions|
Corporate social responsibility CSR
|Introduction, legal provision, importance|
|Electric field: Electric charges; type and properties of charge, Coulomb's law, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle, electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field due to the system of charges|
|Electric field: Electric field lines and their properties, electric dipole, electric dipole moment, electric field due to an electric dipole, torque on a dipole in uniform electric field|
|Gauss's law and its applications: Electric flux, continuous charge distribution, statement of Gauss's law and its derivation, use of Gauss’s law to find field due to-(i) infinitely long straight wire, (ii) uniformly charged infinite non conducting sheet|
|Gauss's law and its applications: Use of Gauss’s law to find field due to-(iii) uniformly charged infinite conducting plate, (vi) uniformly charged conducting sphere, (v) uniformly charged non-conducting sphere, force on the surface of charged conductor|
|Gauss's law and its applications: Use of Gauss’s law to find field due to-(v) energy per unit volume in an electric field, equilibrium of charged soap bubble|
|Electric potential: Electric potential due to-a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, relation between electric field and electric potential, calculation of electric potential-(ii) due to charged conducting sphere|
|Electric potential: Calculation of electric potential-(iii) due to charged non-conducting sphere, electrical potential energy of a system of charges, work done, and kinetic energy of electric dipole in an electric field|
|Electric capacitance: Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics substance and polarization, capacitance of capacitor, capacitance of an isolated spherical conductor, capacitor|
|Electric capacitance: Capacitance of parallel plate capacitor-(i) air or vacuum, (ii) partially filled dielectric medium, capacitance of spherical capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, energy stored in a capacitor|
|Electric capacitance: Capacitance of parallel plate capacitor-(ii) redistribution of charges and loss of energy by combination of charged conductors|
|Electric current: Flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm's law derivation, Ohmic and non-Ohmic resistance, Internal resistance of a cell, EMF, and terminal voltage of a cell|
|Electric current: Combination of cells in series and in parallel, electrical energy|
|Electric circuit: Kirchhoff's laws and applications, Wheatstone bridge, meter bridge, potentiometer-principle, standardization, and sensitivity, applications to potentiometer-(i) internal resistance of a primary cell|
|Electric circuit: Applications to potentiometer-(ii) comparision of electro-motive forces of two cells, (iv) calibration of voltmeter and ammeter|
Magnetic effects of electric current
|Magnetic effects of electric current: Oersted's experiment and conclusion, Biot-Savart’s law, magnetic field due to a long and straight current carrying conductor, magnetic field due to current carrying circular loop|
|Magnetic effects of electric current: Comparison of small current loop with a magnetic dipole, Helmholtz coils, force on moving charge in magnetic field, motion of charge in magnetic field, force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field|
|Magnetic effects of electric current: Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors, definition of standard ampere, torque on a current-carrying rectangular loop in uniform magnetic field, galvanometer-suspended coil galvanometer|
|Magnetic effects of electric current: Pivoted coil galvanometer and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter, Ampere’s law, magnetic field due to infinitely long and straight current-carrying conductor, solenoid, field inside an infinitely long solenoid|
|Magnetic effects of electric current: Behavioral comparison of bar magnet and current solenoid, magnetic field on the axis of toroid|
Magnetism and properties of magnetic materials
|Magnetism and properties of magnetic materials: Neutral point, earth's magnetism, elements of earth’s magnetism, magnetism, and gauss law, behaviour of substances in magnetic field, intensity of magnetisation, magnetizing field|
|Magnetism and properties of magnetic materials: Magnetic susceptibility and magnetic permeability, relation between different magnetic quantities, magnetic hysteresis and B-H curve (hysteresis curve), curie law, and curie temperature|
Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents
|Electromagnetic induction: Magnetic flux, electromagnetic induction; Faraday's laws of electromagnetic induction; Lenz's law, induced current and charge, Fleming’s right hand rule, induced EMF in-a conductor rod, moving in a uniform magnetic field|
|Electromagnetic induction: A rectangular loop moving in a non-uniform magnetic field and energy conservation, a metal disc rotating in a uniform magnetic field, rotation of a rectangular coil in magnetic field, eddy currents. Self and mutual induction|
|Alternating current: Direct current, alternating currents, instantaneous, peak, average and RMS value of alternating current/ voltage|
|Alternating current: Phase relation between alternating voltage and alternating current in different types of AC circuits and phasor diagram-(i) pure Ohmic resistance, (ii) pure inductance, (iii) pure capacitance|
|Alternating current: Phase relation between alternating voltage and alternating current in different types of AC circuits and phasor diagram-(iv) series combination of resistance and inductance, (v) series combination of resistance and capacitance|
|Alternating current: Phase relation between alternating voltage and alternating current in different types of AC circuits and phasor diagram-(vi) series combination of resistance, (vi) inductance and capacitance, series LCR resonance circuit|
|Alternating current: Phase relation between alternating voltage and alternating current in different types of AC circuits and phasor diagram-(vi) bandwidth and quality factor in a series resonance circuit, average power in AC circuits, transformer|
|Ray optics: Optical fibers, lenses, thin lens formula, lens maker’s formula, magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact, refraction of light through a prism. Dispersion of light, optical instruments-simple microscopes|
|Ray optics: Compound microscopes, astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers|
|Nature of light: Nature of light, Huygens’s wave theory and wave front, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface, interference of light and coherent sources, necessary conditions for interference, young's double slit experiment|
|Nature of light: Analytical treatment of interference and expression for fringe width, interference fringes produced by white light, diffraction, comparision of diffraction of sound and light, type of diffraction, diffraction due to a single slit|
|Nature of light: Width of central maximum, difference between interference and diffraction, resolving power of microscope and astronomical telescope|
Photoelectric effect matter wave
|Photoelectric effect matter wave: Photoelectric effect, experimental results of photoelectric effect and their interpretation, concept of photon|
|Photoelectric effect matter wave: Einstein's photoelectric equation and explanation of experimental results of photoelectric effect on the basis of this equation, dual nature of light, De-Broglie hypothesis|
Atoms and nuclei
|Atomic physics: Rutherford’s model of atom, Bohr model of atom, line spectrum of hydrogen and its explanation, limitation of Bohr model|
|Nuclear physics: Nuclear structure, size of the nucleus, atomic mass unit, mass defect, and nuclear binding energy, nuclear energy, nuclear fission, controlled and uncontrolled chain reactions, nuclear reactor, nuclear fusion|
|Electronics: Energy bands in solid, classification of conductors, semiconductors, and insulators, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductor, minority and majority charge carriers, P-N junction diode, forward and reverse bias characteristic curve|
|Electronics: Avalanche and Zener break down, use of P-N junction diode as a half wave and full wave rectifier, junction transistor, operation of a transistor, transistor circuit configurations-common base, common emitter and common collector|
|Electronics: Transistor characteristic curves-common base and common emitter configuration, relation between and, transistor amplifier (common emitter configuration), logic gates, OR, AND, NOT, NAND, NOR, and XOR gate|
Electromagnetic waves, communication and contemporary physics
|Electromagnetic waves, communication, and contemporary physics: Maxwell’s equation (qualitative discussion), electromagnetic waves, their characteristics, electromagnetic spectrum, propagation of electromagnetic waves, communication system, modulation|
|Classification of solids on the basis of different bond forces-molecular, ionic, covalent, metallic solid, crystalline and non-crystalline solid (primary introduction) crystals, lattice, and unit cells, calculation of density of unit cell|
|Close-packed structures, voids, number of atoms in a unit cell, imperfection or defects in solids|
|Types of solution, units of concentration of solution, solubility of gases in liquids, ideal and non-ideal solutions, deviation from ideal behaviour, constant boiling mixtures, solid solution, colligative properties-relative lowering of vapour pressure|
|Elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular weight by colligative properties|
|Electrode potential, standard electrode potential, electromotive force (EMF) of cell and its measurement, relation between EMF and Gibb's free energy, Nernst equation and its application in electrochemical cells, conductance of electrolytic solutions|
|Specific and equivalent conductance and molar conductance, variation of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch law and application, theory of corrosion and means to protect it|
|Rate of chemical reaction, factors affecting rate of a reaction, molecularity and order of reaction, rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equation, half-life (for reactions of zero and first order)|
|Adsorption, difference between adsorption and absorption, kinds of adsorption, factors affecting the adsorption of gases on solids, classification of colloids, true solution, difference between colloidal solution and suspension|
|Properties of colloids (Tyndall effect, Brownian motion, charge on colloidal particle, electrophoresis, coagulation) purification of colloidal solutions, protection of colloids, application of colloids|
|Elements of group 15: (i) General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, periodicity in properties, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, (ii) nitrogen-preparation, properties and uses, preparation and properties of ammonia, and nitric acid|
|Elements of group 16: (i) General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, periodicity in properties, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, (ii) preparation, properties and uses of dioxygen, and ozone|
|Elements of group 17: (i) General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, periodicity in properties, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, (ii) preparation, properties and uses of chlorine, and hydrochloric acid|
|Elements of group 18: (i) General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, periodicity in properties, oxidation states, chemical reactivity|
d-and f-block elements
|d-block elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals and occurrence, general tendencies of properties of elements of first transition series-metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states|
|d-block elements: Ionic radii, colour, catalytic properties, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, and alloys|
|f-block elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, lanthanide contraction, and its effect|
|General introduction, ligands, and their classification, coordination numbers, coordination sphere, nomenclature of coordination compounds (IUPAC) and formula writing, bonding in coordination compounds (VBT and CFT)|
|Colour of transition metals and complexes, stability, of coordination compounds and factors affecting the stability|
|Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of bond physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions (SN, SN), elimination reactions|
|Haloarenes: Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions, directive influence of halogen in mono substituted compounds|
Functional groups with oxygen (part-I)
|Alcohols: Nomenclature, preparation, physical and chemical properties, ascending and descending carbon series in alcohols, distinction of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration|
|Phenols: Nomenclature, preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, uses of phenols|
|Ether: Nomenclature, preparation, physical and chemical properties|
Functional groups with oxygen (part-II)
|Aldehydes and ketones: Nomenelature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties. Mechanism of Nucleophilic addition, reactivity of hydrogen of addehydes, similarity and dissimilarity in aldehydes, and ketones, uses|
|Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses|
Organic compound containing functional groups with nitrogen
|Amines and nitro compounds: Nomenclature, classification, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, distinction of primary, secondary and tertiary amines|
|Urea: Methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses|
|Isomerism: Definition and types (configuration and conformation), geometrical isomerism- nomenclature and properties of geometrical isomers|
|Optical isomerism: Polarized light, polarity, chirality, chiral moleculs, elements of symmetry, configuration of chiral molecule and Fisher-projection formula, relative and absolute configuration, racemic mixture, racemization|
|Compounds with two chiral centers, separation of racemic mixture|
Reproduction and development in angiosperms
|Male and female gametophyte-structure and development: Introduction, structure and development of male gametophyte, stamen and micro-sporangium, microsporogenesis, male gametophyte, structure and development of female gametophyte, megasporogenesis|
|Pollination, fertilization, and development of endosperm, and embryo pollination: Incompatibility, fertilization, endosperm, development of seed, alternation of generations|
|Special methods of plant reproduction: Apomixis, agamospermy, micropropagation, polyembryony, vegetative propagation|
|Water absorption and ascent of sap in plants: Water absorption and pathway of water in plants, mechanism of water absorption, ascent of sap|
|Transpiration and guttation: Introduction, types of transpiration, stomatal transpiration, mechanism of stomatal movement, guttation, bleeding|
|Mineral nutrition in plants: Nutrition, methods of study for necessity of mineral nutrients by plants, essential elements of plants, role of macro and micro nutrients in plant nutrition, hydroponics|
|Enzymes: Introduction, structure of enzymes, mode of enzymes action, nomenclature of enzymes, classification of enzymes|
|Photosynthesis: Introduction, definition, site of photosynthesis, photosynthetic pigments, nature of light, mechanism of photosynthesis, light reactions, dark reaction, electron transport chain, C3-cycle, C4-cycle, CAM-cycle, photo-respiration|
|Respiration: Introduction, respiratory substrates, types of respiration, sites of respiration, mechanism of aerobic respiration, glycolysis, Krebs cycle, electron transport system, chemiosmotic theory of ATP synthesis, fermentation|
|Respiration: Some other pathways of glucose breakdown, Inter-relation of respiratory substrates in respiration process, respiration is an amphibolic process, respiratory quotient|
|Plant growth: Introduction, growth regulatory substances, growth inhibitors|
|Genetic engineering: Introduction, general process, C-DNA and genomic library, molecular probs, techniques of analysis of cloned genes, achievements of recombinant DNA technology|
|Plant tissue culture: Introduction, important terminology used in tissue culture, necessary resources for plant tissue culture, steps of micro-propagation, types of culture, methods of gene transfer in plants, transgenic plants|
|Plant tissue culture: Important achievements in agriculture and medicinal science related to transgenic plants|
Economic botany and human welfare
|Oil, fibers, spices, and medicine producing plants: Oil producing plants, fiber producing plants, spices producing plants, medicine producing plants|
|Bioenergy: Introduction, bioenergy, main sources of bioenergy|
|Digestive system of human: Introduction, structure of alimentary canal, digestive glands, mechanism of digestive system of human|
|Respiratory system of human: Introduction, types of respiration, respiratory-organ and respiratory system of human, mechanism of respiration, volume related to respiration, capacities related to respiration, artificial respiration, respiratory disorders|
|Blood circulatory system of human: Introduction, composition of blood, functions of blood, blood groups, blood coagulation, blood vessels, heart-structure and working, double blood circulation, lymphatic system|
|Excretory system of human: Introduction, elimination of nitrogenous waste products, human excretory system, internal and histological structure of human kidney, structure of uriniferous tubules or nepbrons, mechanism of excretion and formation of urine|
|Excretory system of human: Other excretory organs in human, haemodialysis, kidney-transplantation|
|Reproductive system of human: Introduction, male reproductive system, female reproductive system, onset of puberty in man|
|Chemical coordination in human: Introduction, structure of endocrine glands in human, function and disease related to hormonal imbalance|
|Gametogenesis: Introduction, spermatogenesis, structure of human sperm, oogenesis, egg of mammal|
|Fertilization in human: Introduction, types of fertilization, artificial insemination, steps of fertilization, significance of fertilization|
|Embryonic development in human: Embryogenesis, cleavage and morulation, blastulation, fate of germinal layers|
|Menstrual cycle in human: Introduction, phases of menstrual cycle, parturition, lactation|
Genetics and genomics
|Mendel’s laws of inheritance: Introduction, Mendel’s life history, selection of pea plant for study by Mendel, selection of characters, crossing technique of Mendel, cross-monohybrid cross, di-hybrid cross, poly hybrid cross, Mendel’s laws of inheritance|
|Mendel’s laws of inheritance: Significance of Mendel’s laws, reasons of Mendel’s success, back cross and test cross, important terminologies, chromosome and sex determination in human|
|Chromosomal aberrations in humans: Chromosome, history, type of chromosomes, autosomes and sex chromosomes, human chromosomal aberration, linkage, crossing over, sex linked inheritance, autosomal recessive disease-sickle cell anaemia, phenyl ketonuria|
Human welfare and health
|Immune system: Introduction, immunity-definition and types, immunology, concept of self and non-self|
|Important and common human diseases: Introduction, infections and disorders, types of diseases: (a) Congenital diseases, (b) acquired diseases-(i) infectious diseases, (ii) non-infectious diseases|
RBSE 12th 2021 Preparation Tips
Hard work and regular practice are the keys to ace the RBSE Class 12 exams 2021. Here are a few preparation strategies which will be helpful for the students appearing in exams.
1. Understand the exam pattern and go through the syllabus
2. Do not hesitate to take the help of your mentors and teachers whenever needed.
3. Make your own notes and go through them regularly.
4. Sleep and eat well. It is a good practice to go to bed early and study with a fresh mind early morning.
5. Take enough practice tests. Also, remember that numerical is very scoring. So practice them regularly, especially your weak areas.
6. Be thorough with your textbooks, and if needed, practice from supplementary books recommended by your teachers.
The exam pattern of the RBSE 12th exams 2021 as prescribed by the Rajasthan board is given in the table below. This is based on the previous year’s trends of Rajasthan Board 12th exams.
RBSE Class 12 Exams 2021 - Exam Pattern
Number of questions
RBSE model papers are of foremost importance to the students appearing for the RBSE 12th exams 2021. Students will be benefited from these model papers in multiple ways.
- Students will get to know about the marking scheme and paper pattern from these model papers.
- The types of questions and difficulty level of questions can be checked from the RBSE Class 12 exams 2021 model papers.
- Practising with these model papers will help students in time management.
- Students will be able to analyze their performance from these model papers.
RBSE 12th 2021 Admit Card
The Board of Secondary Education, Rajasthan will release the admit card of its RBSE 12th exams 2021 on its official website in the month of February 2021. Students have to log in using their roll number allotted and download their RBSE class 12th 2021 admit card. It is compulsory for students to take a print out of the Rajasthan Board 12th admit card and carry it on the exam day, failing which candidates will be barred from appearing in the exam.
Documents Required at Exam
- Rajasthan Board Class 12 Admit Card Card 2021
- Valid photo ID proof
RBSE 12th result 2021 will be released in May 2021 for Science, Arts and Commerce streams. The RBSE 12th Class exams 2021 result will be available on the official website of Rajasthan board rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in. Students will need to enter the roll numbers as mentioned on the admit card to get their results. A minimum of 33% marks is mandatory per subject to pass the RBSE 12th exams 2021.
Details mentioned on RBSE 12th result mark sheet
- Roll number
- Class and Board name
- Date of Birth
- Registration Number of the Students
- Qualifying status
- Subjects appeared in with their subject codes
- Total marks obtained
- Code of the Subjects
- Subject-wise marks obtained in theory as well as practical
Qualifying Marks Trend
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: When will the RBSE 12th exams 2021 be conducted?
RBSE 12th exams are expected to be conducted in March 2021.
Question: What are the passing marks in the RBSE 12th exams?
Students need to score at least 33 per cent marks per subject to pass in the RBSE 12th exams 2021.
Question: When will the RBSE 12th result 2021 be declared?
RBSE 12th result 2021 will be declared for Science, Arts and Commerce streams in May 2021.
Question: What are the exam timings for RBSE 12th exams?
RBSE 12th exam will be conducted from 8.45 a.m to 11.45 a.m, tentatively.
Question: When will the RBSE 12th date sheet 2021 be released?
RBSE 12th 2021 date sheet will be released in December 2021.
Question: Where can I download the RBSE 12th model papers 2021?
Students will be able to download the Rajasthan Board 12th model papers 2021 on the official website, rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in.
Question: What will be the mode of RBSE 12th exams 2021?
The mode of the RBSE Class 12 exams 2021 will be offline.
Question: When will the RBSE 12th admit card 2021 be released?
RBSE 12th admit card 2021 will be released in the month of February 2021.
Question: When will the RBSE 12th practical exams 2021 be held?
RBSE 12th 2021 practical exams will be conducted in January/February 2021.
Question: What will be the RBSE 12th 2021 exam duration?
RBSE 12th exams 2021 will be conducted for 3 hours.
Question: What are the documents required at the time of the RBSE 12th exams?
Students need to carry their admit card and valid ID proof at the time of the examination.
Question: When will the RBSE 12th time table 2021 be released?
RBSE 12th date sheet 2021 will be issued in December 2020.
Questions related to RBSE 12th
sir you have posted rbse 12th topper list which is incorrect. Sir Ayushi Sharma roll no 2513872 has got 98.60% she is at 6th position in rajasthan so please mention her in your list and post the truth thanks
Thank you for the information we will surely rectify it.
Thank you for sharing.
I have filled improvement in maths (only in one subject) this year in rbse 12th. Am I eligible for bitsat.?
No, you can apply because bitsat only accepts candidates who have complete their 12 th standard with 60 % marks. Just wait for your result and apply next year if you want admission only in bits or you can apply to other colleges if you wish but not bitsat. Just think about your future once you take your decision.
Hope this answer helps.
when are the rbse 12th 2020 exam begin?
Rajasthan Board will release the RBSE Class 12 time table in the 3rd week of December 2019. For getting it, visit- rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in. This will contain the complete date, schedule, time, for Class 12th students and like last year, this will be issued for all the streams, i.e., Science, Maths and Commerce, will be issued on the same day. To keep a track, print and post the time table near your study table to remember the dates and also plan your study schedule according to it. The exams will start on 7th March and will continue till April 2nd tentatively. The timings of the exam will be 8:30 am to 11:45 am.
The tentative dates for rbse are as follows:
March 7, 2020
Information technology and programming
March 8, 2020
March 9, 2020
Political Science, Accountancy, Physics
March 11, 2020
Sociology, Geology, Agriculture
March 12, 2020
Geography, Business Studies
March 13, 2020
March 14, 2020
History, Chemistry, Agricultural Chemistry
March 15, 2020
March 16, 2020
March 18, 2020
Economics/Biology/English/Shorthand, Agricultural Biology
March 19, 2020
Vocal Music/ Instrumental Music, Dance Kathak
March 22, 2019
March 23, 2020
March 25, 2020
Hindi literature, Urdu literature, Sindhi literature, Gujarati literature, Punjabi literature, Rajasthani literature, Persian literature, Prakrit language, Typing lipi (English)
March 26, 2020
March 28, 2020
March 29, 2020
March 30, 2020
April 1, 2020
April 2, 2020
The local newspaper of Rajasthan also releases the time table. Try to go through it or keep an eye on it for the same. Also, constant practice will make you pass the exam with flying colours. Here is the link to previous year's question papers:
For more details, check: https://school.careers360.com/articles/rbse-12th-time-table
Hope this helps. All the best!
rbse 12th 2020 exam Suru Hoga?
The Rajasthan Board 12th examination time-table yet to release but the notification for the commencement of senior secondary examinations (10+2) in Arts, Science and Commerce has been released by Board of Secondary Education Ajmer, Rajasthan i.e. from 20th February, 2020 . Hope this information is helpful.
Have a great day!
when the rbse 12th 2020 exam begin?
Rbse 12 th board exam generally starts in first week of March and ends in March before 25.This year the same schedule will be followed by Rajasthan board of secondary education.In some days official time table will be relased by officials .The result of board exams will be out in second week of May . If you want to more information about rbse 12 th exam then you can visit Official website rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in
All the very best