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NIOS 12th Syllabus 2024 for All Subjects - Download Syllabus Pdf on

NIOS 12th Syllabus 2024 for All Subjects - Download Syllabus Pdf on

Edited By Dinesh Goyal | Updated on Feb 02, 2024 11:04 AM IST | #NIOS Class 12

The National Institute of Open Schooling has released the bifurcated NIOS Class 12 Syllabus on the official website, NIOS Class 12 syllabus is bifurcated into Tutor Marked Assignments(TMA) and Public examination syllabus. The NIOS 12th syllabus 2024 provides students with a comprehensive overview of both TMA and public examination important topics to be covered in preparation for the NIOS 12th exam.

By referring to the subject-wise NIOS Class 12 Syllabus 2024, students can effectively plan their studies and ensure a thorough understanding of all subjects. The NIOS 12th class syllabus 2024 is accessible in both Hindi and English mediums. It is recommended that students complete the entire NIOS syllabus at least two months before the examination. Read the complete article to know more about the NIOS Class 12 syllabus 2024.

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NIOS Class 12 Syllabus 2024

  • The NIOS Class 12 subjects are categorized into six distinct groups, namely Groups A, B, C, D, E, and F.

  • Group A comprises language subjects, whereas the remaining groups consist of subjects from Science, Commerce, Humanities, and other disciplines.

  • When applying for NIOS admission 2024, every student must choose a minimum of five subjects. It is mandatory to select one language subject from Group A, while the remaining subjects can be chosen from any of the groups.

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Subjects of NIOS 12th Class Syllabus 2024



Group A

Hindi, English, Gujarati, Bengali, Urdu, Sanskrit, Tamil, Punjabi, Persian, Arabic,

Group B

Mathematics, Geography, Economics, Home Science, Psychology, Business Studies, Painting, Ved Adhyayan, Sanskrit Vyakaran, Data Entry Operations, Tourism, Sanskrit Sahitya, Bhartiya Darshan

Group C

Physics, Library, History and Information Science

Group D

Chemistry, Mass Communication, Political Science

Group E

Biology, Introduction to Law, Accountancy

Group F

Computer Science, Environmental Science, Sociology

NIOS Class 12 Syllabus 2024- Subject-wise Topics


Bifurcation of Syllabus

NIOS Class 12 Geography Bifurcated Syllabus


NIOS Class 12 History Bifurcated Syllabus


NIOS Class 12 Sanskrit Bifurcated Syllabus


NIOS Class 12 Odia Bifurcated Syllabus


NIOS Class 12 Bengali Bifurcated Syllabus


NIOS Class 12 Political Science Bifurcated Syllabus


NIOS Class 12 Economics Bifurcated Syllabus


NIOS Class 12 Business Studies Bifurcated Syllabus


NIOS Class 12 Accountancy Bifurcated Syllabus


NIOS Class 12 Home Science Bifurcated Syllabus


NIOS Class 12 Psychology Bifurcated Syllabus


NIOS Class 12 Computer Science Bifurcated Syllabus


NIOS Class 12 Environmental Science Bifurcated Syllabus


NIOS Class 12 Physical Education Bifurcated Syllabus


NIOS Class 12 Sociology Bifurcated Syllabus


NIOS Class 12 English Bifurcated Syllabus


NIOS Class 12 Hindi Bifurcated Syllabus


NIOS Class 12 Mathematics Bifurcated Syllabus


NIOS Class 12 Biology Bifurcated Syllabus


NIOS Class 12 Chemistry Bifurcated Syllabus


NIOS Class 12 English Syllabus


Public Examination Topics

Prescribed texts (Prose + Poetry)

Chapter -6 My Grandmother’s House

Chapter -7 Reading with understanding Chapter -8 A Case of Suspicion

Chapter -9 My Son will not be a beggar

Chapter -10 Where the mind is Without Fear

Chapter -12 If I Were You

Chapter -13 The Tiger in the Tunnel

Chapter -14 The Road Not Taken

Chapter -16 I must know the truth

Chapter -17 India- Her Past and Future

Chapter -18 Night of the Scorpion

Chapter -21 Reading with understanding Chapter -23 Reading with understanding Chapter -24 Reading with understanding


Chapter -26A The Reception desk and you

Chapter -26B Face to face communication in business

Chapter -27A Managing the telephone

Chapter -28A Analysing turns in telephone Chapter -28B Writing emails

Chapter -29A Controlling Strategies and Outgoing Calls

Chapter -29B Writing Reports

Chapter -31B Appearing for an interview

NIOS Class 12 Hindi Syllabus 2024

NIOS Class 12 Mathematics Syllabus


Public Examination Topics

Module-IV Co-ordinate Geometry

13. Cartesian System of Rectangular Coordinates

14. Straight Lines

15. Circles

16. Conic Sections

Module-VI Algebra-II

20. Matrices

21. Determinants

22. Inverse of a Matrix and its Applications

Module- VIII Calculus

25. Limits and Continuity

26. Differentiation

27. Differentiation of Trigonometric functions

28. Differentiation of Exponential and Logarithmic functions

29. Application of Derivatives

30. Integration

31. Definite Integrals

32. Differential Equations

Module-IX Vectors and Three-Dimensional Geometry

33. Introduction to Three-Dimensional Geometry

34. Vectors

35. Plane

36. Straight Line

Module-X Linear Programming and Mathematical Reasoning

37. Linear Programming

38. Mathematical Reasoning

NIOS Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2024


Public Examination Topics

1. Force and Energy

L-3 (Laws of Motion)

L-6 (Work, Energy and Power)

2. Mechanics of Solids and Fluids

L-9 (Properties of Fluids)

3. Thermal Physics

L-11 (Thermodynamics)

4. Oscillations and Waves

L-14 (Wave Phenomena)

5. Electricity and Magnetism

L-15 (Electric Charge and Electric Field) L-16 (Electric Potential and Capacitors) L-17 (Electric Current)

L-18 (Magnetism and Magnetic Effect of Electric Current)

L-19 (Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current)

6. Optics and Optical Instruments

L-21 (Dispersion and Scattering of Light ) L-22 (Wave Phenomena and Light)

7. Atoms and Nuclei

L-24 (Structure of Atoms)

L-25 (Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter) L-26 (Nuclei and Radioactivity)

L-27 (Nuclear Fission and Fusion)

8. Semiconductor Devices and Communication

L-28 (Semiconductors and Semiconducting Devices)

L-29 (Applications of Semiconductor Devices)

NIOS Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus


Public Examination

Module I Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

Lesson-1 (Atoms, Molecules, and Chemical Arithmetic)

Module II Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonding

Lesson-2 (Atomic Structure) Lesson-4(Chemical Bonding)

Module III States of Matter


Module VI Chemical Energetics

Lesson-9(Chemical Thermodynamics)

Module V Chemical Dynamics

Lesson-12(Ionic Equilibrium) Lesson-13(Electrochemistry)

Lesson-18 (General Characteristics of p-Block Elements)

Module VI Chemistry of Elements

Lesson-17 (Hydrogen and s-Block Elements)

Lesson-20 (p-Block Elements and their Compounds-II)

Lesson-21 d-Block and f-Block Elements

Lesson-22 ( Coordination Compounds)

Module VII Chemistry of Organic Compounds

Lesson- 23 (Nomenclature and General Principles)

Lesson-24 (Hydrocarbons)

Lesson-25 (Compounds of Carbon Containing Halogens)

Lesson-26 (Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers)

Lesson-27 (Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids)

Lesson- 28 (Compounds of Carbon Containing Nitrogen)

Lesson-29 (Biomolecules)

Module VIII Chemistry in Everyday Life

Lesson-31 (Soaps, Detergents and Polymers)

NIOS Class 12 Biology Syllabus


Public Examination

1. Module-I: Diversity and Evolution of Life (12 Marks)

L-2.The Kingdom Monera, Protoctista, and Fungi

L-3.Kingdom Plantae and Animalia L-5.Tissues and Other Level of Organization

2.Module-II Forms and Functions of Plants and Animals (26 Marks)

L-6. Root system

L-7. Shoot system

L-10.Nitrogen Metabolism L-11.Photosynthesis

L-12. Respiration in Plants

L-15. Circulation of Body Fluids

L-17. Coordination and Control - The Nervous and Endocrine Systems

3.Module-III: Reproduction and Heredity (22 Marks )

L-19. Reproduction in Plants

L.21. Reproduction and Population Control

L-22. Principles of Genetics

L-23. Molecular Inheritance and Gene Expression

4. Module- IV: Environment and Health (13 Marks)

L-25. Principles of Ecology

L-28. Nutrition and Health

5. Module- V: Emerging Areas in Biology(7 Marks)

L.30 Immunobiology: An Introduction

L.31 Biotechnology

NIOS Class 12 History Syllabus 2024


Public Examination

1. Ancient India

L-6. Post Mauryan Developments

L-7 The Guptas and Their Successors (A.D.300–750)

L-3. The Harappan Civilization

L-4. The Vedic Age (1500 BC–600BC)

2. Medieval India

L-9. Establishment and Expansion of the Delhi Sultanate

L-10. Establishment of the Mughal Rule

L-12. Administrative System and Institutions

L-14. Cultural Developments in Medieval India

3. Modern India

L-16. Establishment of British rule in India till 1857

L-18. Social changes

L-19. Popular resistance to company rule

4. Indian National Movement and Contemporary India

L-20. Nationalism

L-21. National Movement & Indian Democracy

5. 20th Century World

L-23. World War I and the Russian Revolution.

L-24. The Inter-War Period and the Second World War

L-25. Cold War and its effects

L-28. Changes in the Twentieth Century

6A. Evolution of States in India OR 6B. Culture in India

L-30 A. Early States

L-32A. Colonial State

L-29 B. Contemporary Cultural Situation

L-30B. Cultural Production

L-31A. Medieval States

L-31 B. Cultural Communication

NIOS Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2024


Public Examination

1. The study of Geography as a discipline

L-1: Nature and subject matter of Geography

2. Dynamic and Geomorphic Processes of the Earth

L -3: Exogenic Forces and their resultant landforms

3. The domain of the water on the earth

L-5: Hydrological Cycle and Ocean

4. Dynamics of Atmosphere

L-7: Atmospheric pressure and winds

L-9: Climate and Climate Change

5. Biogeography and Biodiversity

L-10: Biosphere, Biomes, and Biodiversity

6. Physical Geography of India

L-11: Physical Settings

L-12 : Climate

7. Natural resources, Utilisation and Management

L-15: Forests and Biodiversity

L-16: Water Resources

8. Economic Geography of India

L-17: Agriculture and Food Security

L-18: Mineral and Energy Resources

L-20: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Transport, Communication and Trade

9. Human resource development in India

L-22 : Population Composition

L-23: Human Development

10. Contemporary Issues and Challenges

L-24: Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

NIOS Class 12 Political Science Syllabus 2024


Public Examination

Module 1: Individual and The State

L- 3: Distinction Between Society, Nation, State, and Government

L- 4: Major Political Theories

Module 2: Aspects of the Constitution of India

L- 6: Fundamental Rights

L- 8: Indian Federal System

L- 7: Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Duties

L- 9: Emergency Provisions

Module 3: Structure of Government

L- 10: Union Executive

L- 11: Parliament of India

L- 12: Supreme Court of India

L- 15: High Courts and Subordinate Courts

L- 16: Local Government: Urban and Rural

Module 4: Democracy at Work

L- 18: Electoral System in India

L- 19: National Political Parties

L- 20: Regionalism and Regional Parties

L- 21: Public Opinion and Pressure Group

Module 5: Major Contemporary Issues

L- 23: Environmental Awareness

L- 24: Good Governance

L- 25: Human Rights

Module 6: India and the World

L- 26: India's Foreign Policy

L- 28: India and Its Neighbors: China, Pakistan, And Sri Lanka

Module 7A. World Order and the United Nations


Module 7B. Administrative System in India

7A. L- 30: United Nations 7A.

L- 31: United Nations Peace Activities OR 7B.

L- 29: Public Service Commissions 7B.

L- 31: Political Executive and Bureaucracy

NIOS Class 12 Economics Syllabus 2024


Public Examination

4. Statistical Tools

Lesson 8. Measures of Central Tendency

Lesson 9. Measures of Dispersion

Lesson 10. Correlation Analysis

Lesson 11. Index Numbers

5. Introduction to Economics

Lesson13 Central Problems of an Economy

6. Consumer’s Behaviour

Lesson 15. Demand

Lesson 16. Price Elasticity of Demand

7. Producer’s Behaviour

Lesson18. Cost of Production

Lesson19. Supply

Lesson20. Price Elasticity of Supply

8. Market and Price Determination

Lesson21. Forms of Market

Lesson 22. Price Determination Under Perfect Competition

9. National Income Accounting

Lesson 24. National Income and Related Aggregates

Lesson 25. National Income and its Measurement

10. Theory of Income and Employment

Lesson26. Consumption, Saving, and Investment

Lesson27. Theory of Income Determination

11. Money, Banking and Government Budget

Lesson28. Money and Banking

Lesson 29. Government and the Budget

NIOS Class 12 Business Studies Syllabus 2024


Public Examination

1. Introduction to Business (5 lessons)

L-3. Business Environment

L-5. Company Form of Business

2. Business Management and its Functions (4 lessons)

L-7. Planning and Organising

L-8. Staffing and Directing

L-9. Co-ordination and Controlling

3. Business Finance (4 lessons)

L-10 Financial Planning and Management

L-12. Long-Term Sources of Finance

L-13. Financial Markets

4. Marketing(4 lessons)

L-15. Marketing Mix

L-16. Advertising and Salesmanship

5. Trade (2 lessons)

L-18 Internal Trade

L-19. External Trade

6. Avenues in Business and Employment (4 lessons)

L-23. Modern Modes of Business

L-20 Self-Employment

How to Download NIOS 12th Syllabus 2024?

Students can download the new NIOS class 12 syllabus 2024 from the official website. They can download Hindi and English medium NIOS 12th syllabus 2024 for practical and theory exams by following the given steps.

  • Visit the official website of NIOS,

  • Click on the link to the ‘student information section’.

  • Select the option of NIOS senior secondary syllabus 2024.

  • The NIOS Class 12 Syllabus list on the next page will open on the screen. Click on the relevant link of NIOS 12th syllabus 2024 as per subject.

  • Download the pdf file and keep it for future reference.

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NIOS 12th Exams 2024 Preparation Tips

With the NIOS 12th exams approaching, it's important to have a solid preparation plan. Here are some tips to help you achieve your academic goals:

  • Understand the syllabus: Thoroughly review the official NIOS 12th syllabus for all your chosen subjects. Identify key areas, weightage of topics, and marking scheme.

  • Create a study schedule: Make a realistic timetable that allocates dedicated time for each subject, factoring in breaks and revisions. Stick to it consistently!

  • Gather study materials: Utilize prescribed textbooks, NIOS study material, online resources, and notes from NIOS-authorized study centres.

  • Concept clarity: Focus on understanding core concepts before memorizing facts. Use visuals, diagrams, and flowcharts to grasp complex topics.

  • Active learning: Don't just passively read. Take notes, highlight key points, summarize chapters, and engage in group discussions or self-explanation.

  • Practice & Revision: Regularly solve previous year's NIOS question papers and NIOS sample papers. This helps with time management, understanding exam patterns, and identifying weak areas.

  • Make short notes: Create concise summaries of each chapter for quick revision before exams. Highlight important formulas, graphs, and definitions.

  • Maintain a positive attitude: Believe in your abilities and celebrate your progress. Don't compare yourself to others; focus on your growth.

Also, check

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. What is syllabus of NIOS 12th On-demand exam?

On-demand syllabus of NIOS 12th is the same as public exams.

2. Can I get additional subject in NIOS?

Yes, you can choose a maximum of two subjects as an additional subject.

3. What are the passing marks required in the NIOS 12th exams?

Students should secure a minimum of 33% of the total marks for passing the NIOS Class 12 exam.

4. Is the NIOS syllabus and CBSE syllabus the same?

There is no major difference such in between the NIOS Class 12 syllabus and the CBSE Class 12 syllabus. The exam difficulty level is also almost the same.

5. Where will the NIOS Syllabus for class 12th 2023-24 be released?

The NIOS class 12th syllabus 2024 has been released on the official website of the NIOS Board. However, students can also download the NIOS Class 12 syllabus in PDF form from the links given on this page.


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Questions related to NIOS Class 12

Have a question related to NIOS Class 12 ?

Many students face same issue during prepration time and make wrong decision so i suggest you to rethink about your decision and choose best stream according to your interest and which will work for you in coming to the question yes you can do it from nios without giving 5 subjects exam.just fill the private form with one subject and start preparing.all the best'.

Here are the key points regarding your query about appearing for NEET or IISER exams after passing 12th board in 2023 with 53% overall marks and appearing for biology improvement through NIOS:

1. NEET Eligibility:

- For NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test), the minimum eligibility criteria is 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/Biotechnology subjects in the 12th board exam.

- Since your overall 12th board marks are 53%, you would be eligible to appear for NEET, provided you score at least 50% in the individual subjects of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.

- Appearing for biology improvement through NIOS should not affect your NEET eligibility, as long as you meet the 50% criteria in the individual subjects.

2. IISER Eligibility:

- For admission to the Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISERs), the eligibility criteria includes scoring a minimum of 60% marks in the 12th board exam (55% for SC/ST/PwD categories).

- With your overall 12th board marks being 53%, you would not meet the general category eligibility criteria for IISER.

- However, if you are able to improve your overall 12th board marks to 60% or above (55% for SC/ST/PwD) through the biology improvement exam, then you would become eligible to appear for the IISER Aptitude Test (IAT) 2024.

- For NEET, your 53% overall 12th board marks along with the 50% individual subject criteria should make you eligible, provided you clear the biology improvement exam.

- For IISER, your current 53% overall 12th board marks do not meet the 60% (55% for SC/ST/PwD) eligibility criteria. You would need to improve your overall marks to 60% or above to be eligible for the IISER Aptitude Test 2024.

I hope this helps provide clarity on your eligibility for NEET and IISER exams. Let me know if you have any other questions.

Yes, you are potentially eligible for MBBS abroad if you passed your 12th with PCM and then gave the NIOS Biology exam (with practical) and NEET.

Your 12th with PCM and the additional NIOS Biology exam (with practical) fulfill this requirement.

Specific marks requirements vary by university and country. You need to check the individual university websites for their specific criteria.

While the NEET score isn't mandatory for all universities abroad, it can be an advantage in your application. Some universities might require a minimum NEET score, while others might consider it for scholarship purposes.

Start researching universities abroad that offer MBBS programs and check their specific eligibility requirements. Pay close attention to the required subjects (PCB) and any minimum marks needed.

See if the universities you are interested in require a minimum NEET score. Many universities abroad require English language proficiency tests like IELTS or TOEFL. Check the specific requirement for each university.

I hope it helps!


Yes, completing your 12th through NIOS with exams in April and October 2025 makes you eligible for admission to IITs and NITs in 2026, provided you meet other eligibility criteria such as age limit, minimum marks in qualifying exams (like JEE Main or Advanced), and specific requirements of individual institutions. It's advisable to stay updated with the latest admission guidelines and requirements from the respective institutes you are interested in.

Hope this helps you,

Thank you

There is a good chance that Jadavpur University will accept your NIOS improvement exam marksheet for Maths, but there could be a few factors to consider:

The university might have specific guidelines regarding accepting improvement exams from NIOS or other open schooling boards.

Look for the admission brochure or information on the university website related to eligibility criteria for admission. This might mention the acceptability of improvement exams.

Contact the Jadavpur University admissions office directly and explain your situation. Inquire whether they accept improvement exams from NIOS for Maths and if there are any specific requirements or procedures to follow.

Many universities in India accept improvement exams from NIOS or other recognized boards as long as it improves your overall score and meets the eligibility criteria for the program you are applying to.

Getting clarification directly from Jadavpur University is the most reliable way to ensure your NIOS improvement exam marksheet will be accepted for admission purposes. This proactive approach will help you avoid any last-minute surprises during the application process.

I hope it helps!

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