NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Physics Solutions Chapter 5 Magnetism and Matter
NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Physics solutions chapter 5 describes how the phenomena of magnetism is universal. Be it vast, distant galaxies, tiny seemingly insignificant atoms, or men and animals, all are permeated with magnetic fields from various sources. NCERT Exemplar solutions For Class 10 Physics chapter 5 answers questions like - Why does the earth's magnetic field vary from point to point in space? What is the magnetic moment associated with a solenoid? Class 12 NCERT Exemplar Physics chapter 5 solutions also explains how magnetism helps to understand the characteristics and properties of matter, the role of the forces existing between the particles within the substance in determining how the substance behaves when placed in a magnetic field, and classifying the substance based on the kind of response recorded under the influence of the magnetic field.
Also check - NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics
Latest Updates for CBSE Class 12th
- 10 Feb 2023:
Over Rs 2,000 crore cut from 12 scholarship: Check details here
- 02 Jan 2023:
CBSE has revised the CBSE Class 12 board date sheet 2023. Check new exam dates here.
- 29 Dec 2022:
CBSE datesheet 2023 released for theory exams; Check exam dates here.
Stay up-to date with CBSE Class 12th News
NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Physics Solutions Chapter 5 MCQI
A toroid of n turns, mean radius R and cross-sectional radius a carries current I. It is placed on a horizontal table taken as x-y plane. Its magnetic moment m
A. is non-zero and points in the z-direction by symmetry.
B. points along the axis of the toroid .
C. is zero, otherwise, there would be a field falling as at large distances outside the toroid.
D. is pointing radially outwards.
Answer:The answer is the option (c)
The toroid is a ring-shaped solenoid, and the magnetic field is confined inside the body of the toroid. The magnetic moment inside and outside the toroid is zero as there is no current enclosed in those spaces.
The magnetic field of Earth can be modelled by that of a point dipole placed at the center of the Earth. The dipole axis makes an angle of with the axis of Earth. At Mumbai, declination is nearly zero.
A. the declination varies between W to E.
B. the least declination is°.
C. the plane defined by dipole axis and Earth axis passes through Greenwich.
D. declination averaged over Earth must always be negative.
Answer:The answer is the option (a) Earth’s magnetic field is similar to a magnetic dipole and we can simulate the nature of Earth’s magnetic field by assuming a dipole at the center of Earth. The axis of the dipole is at an angle of with respect to the axis of rotation.
In a permanent magnet at room temperature
A. magnetic moment of each molecule is zero.
B. the individual molecules have a non-zero magnetic moment which is all perfectly aligned.
C. domains are partially aligned.
D. domains are all perfectly aligned
Answer:The answer is the option (d)
Permanent magnet behaves like a ferromagnetic substance at room temperature and in the absence of an external magnetic field, the domains are spread randomly. However, when put in a magnetic field, the domains are arranged to align with the external field and even when the magnet is taken out of the field, the domains stay intact.
Consider the two idealized systems: (i) a parallel plate capacitor with large plates and small separation and (ii) a long solenoid of length L >> R, the radius of the cross-section.
In (i) E is ideally treated as a constant between plates and zero outside.
In (ii) the magnetic field is constant inside the solenoid and zero outside.
These idealized assumptions, however, contradict fundamental laws as below:
A. case (i) contradicts Gauss’s Law for electrostatic fields.
B. case (ii) contradicts Gauss’s Law for magnetic fields.
C. case (i) agrees with
D. case (ii) contradicts
Answer:The answer is the option (b)
Gauss’ Law for electrostatic field isn’t violated as electric fields don’t require to be in continuous closed paths.
However, Gauss’ Law for magnetic field is violated as magnetic fields need to be in continuous closed paths.
A paramagnetic sample shows a net magnetization of 8 Am–1 when placed in an external magnetic field of 0.6T at a temperature of 4K. When the same sample is placed in an external magnetic field of 0.2 T at a temperature of 16K, the magnetization will be
Answer:The answer is the option (b)
NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Physics Solutions Chapter 5 MCQII
S is the surface of a lump of magnetic material.
A. Lines of B are necessarily continuous across S.
B. Some lines of B must be discontinuous across S.
C. Lines of H are necessarily continuous across S.
D. Lines of H cannot all be continuous across S.
Answer:The correct answer are the options (a, d)
Magnetic field lines form continuous closed loops. Magnetic intensity varies for inside and outside the lump.
The primary origin(s) of magnetism lies in
A. atomic currents.
B. Pauli exclusion principle.
C. polar nature of molecules.
D. intrinsic spin of the electron.
Answer:The correct answer are the options (a, d)
Magnetism is produced due to the movement of charged particles. Electrons revolving around the nucleus produce a current, which induces the magnetic nature of materials.
A long solenoid has 1000 turns per meter and carries a current of 1 A. It has a soft iron core of . The core is heated beyond the Curie temperature, .
A. The H field in the solenoid is (nearly) unchanged, but the B field decreases drastically.
B. The H and B fields in the solenoid are nearly unchanged.
C. The magnetization in the core reverses direction.
D. The magnetization in the core diminishes by a factor of about 108
Answer:The correct answer are the options (a, d)
Beyond Curie Temperature, ferromagnetic substance behaves like paramagnetic substance.
Magnetisation diminishes by times.
The essential difference between electrostatic shielding by a conducting shell and magnetostatic shielding is due to
A. electrostatic field lines can end on charges and conductors have free charges.
B. lines of B can also end, but conductors cannot end them.
C. lines of B cannot end on any material, and perfect shielding is not possible.
D. shells of high permeability materials can be used to divert lines of B from the interior region.
Answer:The correct answer is the options (a, c, d)
Magnetic field lines always exist as continuous closed loops. High permeability magnetic materials can repel magnetic field lines to get a region devoid of the magnetic field.
Let the magnetic field on Earth be modelled by that of a point magnetic dipole at the center of Earth. The angle of dip at a point on the geographical equator
A. is always zero.
B. can be zero at specific points.
C. can be positive or negative.
D. is bounded.
Answer:The correct answer are the options (b,c,d)
Earth’s magnetic dipole is at an angle of with respect to the axis of rotation. However, the South of dipole is near the Geographical North Pole and North of dipole is near the Geographical South Pole. Though the magnetic field created by this dipole will be zero at its equatorial plane (not the equator), it will pass the equator at two points, where the magnetic field will be zero. Angle of dip flips in sign at the equatorial plane (+ve on one side and -ve on the other)
NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Physics Solutions Chapter 5 Very Short Answer
A proton has spin and magnetic moment just like an electron. Why then its effect is neglected in magnetism of materials.
Answer:Magnetic moment of electron and proton are:
As , the Magnetic moment of proton is negligible compared to electron.
A permanent magnet in the shape of a thin cylinder of length 10 cm has Calculate the magnetization current IM.
From molecular viewpoint, discuss the temperature dependence of susceptibility for diamagnetism, paramagnetism and ferromagnetism.
Answer:Diamagnetism occurs due to electron’s motion in its orbit and the external magnetic field being opposite to each other, making the net magnetism zero. Temperature does not impact the susceptibility of diamagnetism.
In paramagnetic and ferromagnetic substances, magnetism generated by electron syncs up with the external magnetic field, so there is a net increase in the magnetism. Increase in temperature disturbs the atomic alignment decreasing the susceptibility
A ball of superconducting material is dipped in liquid nitrogen and placed near a bar magnet. (i) In which direction will it move? (ii) What will be the direction of its magnetic moment?
Both liquid nitrogen and the superconducting material are diamagnetic in nature. This does not change even when the superconducting material is dipped into liquid nitrogen. In presence of an external magnetic field, superconducting material will be repelled opposite to the direction of the magnetic field.
NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Physics Solutions Chapter 5 Short Answer
Verify the Gauss’s law for magnetic field of a point dipole of dipole moment m at the origin for the surface which is a sphere of radius R.
To prove Gauss'Law
Dipole's Magnetic moment at origin O is along the z-axis.
Assume P to be a point at a distance r from Origin and OP is at an angle θ with the z-axis.
Component of M along
Now, the magnetic field induction at P due to the dipole of moment
From the diagram, r is the radius of a sphere with centre at O lying in yz-plane.
An elementary area dS is taken at P
Three identical bar magnets are riveted together at center in the same plane as shown in Figure. This system is placed at rest in a slowly varying magnetic field. It is found that the system of magnets does not show any motion. The north-south poles of one magnet is shown in the Figure. Determine the poles of the remaining two.
Answer:The system is considered to be in state of stable equilibrium if both net force and net torque on system is 0. The only way to make such a system feasible is to have the following configuration:
Suppose we want to verify the analogy between electrostatic and magnetostatic by an explicit experiment. Consider the motion of (i) electric dipole p in an electrostatic field E and (ii) magnetic dipole m in a magnetic field B. Write down a set of conditions on E, B, p, m so that the two motions are verified to be identical. (Assume identical initial conditions)
A bar magnet of magnetic moment m and moment of inertia I (about center, perpendicular to length) is cut into two equal pieces, perpendicular to length. Let T be the period of oscillations of the original magnet about an axis through the mid-point, perpendicular to length, in a magnetic field B. What would be the similar period T’ for each piece?
Answer:Time period in this type of S.H.M is
where, T=time period
I=moment of Inertia
m=mass of magnet
When the magnet is cut into two equal pieces, perpendicular to length the M.O.I of each piece
of magnet about an axis perpendicular to the length passing through its centre is
Magnetic dipole momen
Its time period of oscillation is
Use (i) the Ampere’s law for H and (ii) continuity of lines of B, to conclude that inside a bar magnet, (a) lines of H run from the N pole to S pole, while (b) lines of B must run from the S pole to N pole.
Answer:Consider a magnetic field line going through the bar magnet. We know that it must be a closed-loop.
B and dl are at an acute angle to each other inside the magnet.
i.e., i.e. positive
Hence, the lines of B must run from south pole S to north pole N inside the bar magnet.
According to ampere's law
If angle between H and dl is more than , so that is negative
(meaning that the lines run from N pole to S pole inside the bar magnet)
NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Physics Solutions Chapter 5 Long Answer
Verify the Ampere’s law for magnetic field of a point dipole of dipole moment . Take C as the closed curve running clockwise along (i) the z-axis from z = a > 0 to z = R; (ii) along the quarter circle of radius R and center at the origin, in the first quadrant of x-z plane; (iii) along the x-axis from x = R to x = a, and (iv) along the quarter circle of radius an and center at the origin in the first quadrant of x-z plane.
Answer:Assume the x-z plane (shown below). All points from P to Q lie on the axial line NS placed at the origin.
The magnetic field at a distance r is
Along z-axis from P to Q
ii Along the quarter circle QS (radius R)
Consider point A to lie on the equatorial line of magnetic dipole of moment M sinθ.
Magnetic field at A is
iii Along x-axis over the path ST, consider the figure given below
From the figure, every point lies on the equatorial line of the magnetic dipole.
Magnetic field induction at a point distance x from the dipole is
angle between-M and dl is
iv Along the quarter circle TP of radius a.
Let's consider the figure given below
From case ii we get line integral of B along the quarter circle TP of radius a
is circular arc TP.
What are the dimensions of χ, the magnetic susceptibility? Consider an H-atom. Guess an expression for χ, up to a constant by constructing a quantity of dimensions of χ, out of parameters of the atom: e, m, v, R and μ0. Here, m is the electronic mass, v is electronic velocity, R is Bohr radius. Estimate the number so obtained and compare with the value of for many solid materials.
As I and H both have same units and dimensions, hence χ has no dimensions.
Here, χ is related with e, m, v, R and
where Q is the dimension of charge
As χ is dimensionless, it should have no involvement of charge Q in its dimensional formula.
It will be so if μ0 and e together should have the value , as e has the dimensions of charge.
where a, b ,c are the power of m,v and R respectively
Equating the powers we get 0=1+a
Putting values in equation i we get
Assume the dipole model for earth’s magnetic field B which is given by BV = vertical component of magnetic field
BH = Horizontal component of magnetic field
– latitude as measured from magnetic equator.
Find loci of points for which (i) B is minimum; (ii) dip angle is zero; and (iii) dip angle is
These are the components of B to a net magnetic field will be
From the above equation, the value of B is minimum, if
Thus, B is minimum at the magnetic equator.
(b) Angle of dip
For dip angle is zero
For this value of θ angle of dip is vanished. It means that locus is again magnetic equator.
Angle of dip
Thus, is the locus.
Consider the plane S formed by the dipole axis and the axis of earth. Let P be the point on the magnetic equator and in S. Let Q be the point of intersection of the geographical and magnetic equators. Obtain the declination and dip angles at P and Q.
The angle of declination is zero on the plane formed by the dipole axis and Earth’s axis of rotation. So, the angle of declination is 0 at P.
The angle of dip is zero on the magnetic equator. So, point Q has an angle of dip 0 and the angle of declination 11.3°.
There are two current carrying planar coils made each from identical wires of length L. is circular (radius R) and is square (side a). They are so constructed that they have the same frequency of oscillation when they are placed in the same uniform B and carry the same current. Find an in terms of R.
number of turns per unit length
number of turns per unit length
Let Magnetic moment of be where i is the current in the coil and
Magnetic moment of be where i is the current in the coil
Moment of inertia of
Moment of inertia of….ii where M is the mass of coil
Frequency of …iii
According to problem,
On substituting the values from eqn i, ii, iiiand iv we get
Thus, the value of a is 3R.
In a nutshell, NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Physics solutions chapter 5 explores the laws and derivations concerning magnetism and matter and earths magnetic field. NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Physics solutions chapter 5 pdf download is available for students. The NCERT solutions provided on this page will help understand all the relevant and vital concepts comprehensively and also aid in preparing for the 12 boards and competitive exams.
Main Subtopics - NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Physics Solutions Chapter 5 Magnetism and Matter
- The Bar Magnet
- The magnetic field lines
- Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid
- The dipole in a uniform magnetic field
- The electrostatic analogue
- Magnetism And Gauss's Law
- The Earth's Magnetism
- Magnetic declination and dip
- Magnetisation And Magnetic Intensity
- Magnetic Properties Of Materials
NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Physics Chapter Wise Links
What will the students learn in NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Physics Solutions Chapter 5?
.Understanding magnetism is required to answer questions like- Why are some materials magnetic and others not? And why do several substances become magnetised by a field, whereas others remain unaffected? Magnetic materials act as the protagonist in industrial success and technological growth. They have a wide range of uses in the generation of power, transmission and communication, analogue and electronic devices such as clocks or digital wristwatches, scientific and medical equipment, sensors, therapy and delivery. NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Physics chapter 5 solutions discusses the usage of magnets and magnetism
NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Solutions
Also, check the NCERT solutions of questions given in book
Also read NCERT Solution subject wise
- NCERT Solution for Class 12 Physics
- NCERT Solution for Class 12 Chemistry
- NCERT Solution for Class 12 Maths
- NCERT Solution for Class 12 Biology
Must read NCERT Notes subject wise
- NCERT Notes for Class 12 Physics
- NCERT Notes for Class 12 Chemistry
- NCERT Notes for Class 12 Maths
- NCERT Notes for Class 12 Biology
Also Check NCERT Books and NCERT Syllabus here:
- NCERT Books Class 12 Physics
- NCERT Syllabus Class 12 Physics
- NCERT Books Class 12
- NCERT Syllabus Class 12
Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) - NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Physics Solutions Chapter 5 Magnetism and Matter
Question: What all crucial topics are covered in magnetism and matter?
This chapter covers various important topics like properties of bar magnet, diamagnetism, ferromagnetism and paramagnetism and earths magnetism etc. These topics are highly crucial from both boards and entrance exam POV.
Question: How will these questions and solutions help?
These questions are solved in the most simple and explanative way so that one can grasp the topic. This will help in understanding the basics and how to solve questions in exams.
Question: How many questions are solved in the solutions?
The NCERT exemplar Class 12 Physics solutions chapter 5 provided by us will have all the 25 questions of the main exercise.
HBSE 12th Date Sheet 2023 (Released) - Check Haryana Board Cla...
Haryana Board has released the HBSE Class 12 date sheet 2023 o...
TN 12th Model Question Paper 2023 for All Subjects - Download PDF
TN 12th Model Question Papers 2023 - Students should download ...
CBSE Class 12 Previous Year Question Papers With Solutions PDF...
CBSE Class 12 Previous Year Question Papers - Download previou...
National Scholarship Portal 2023 - Check NSP 2.0 Last Date, On...
National Scholarship Portal 2023 - NSP is the central portal t...
TOSS Result 2023 for SSC & Inter - Telangana Open School Socie...
TOSS Result 2023 - Telangana Open School Society releases the ...
Maharashtra HSC Result 2023 - Check Maharashtra board 12th res...
Maharashtra HSC Result 2023 - Maharashtra Board will announce ...
CBSE 12th Result 2023 - CBSE Class 12th Result at cbseresults....
CBSE Class 12 Result 2023 - Central Board of Secondary Educati...
IEO Result 2022-23 (Released)- Check SOF IEO result at sofworl...
IEO Result 2022-23 - Know where to check SOF IEO result 2022-2...
NSO Result 2022-23 - Check SOF NSO Result for Level 1 & 2 Here
NSO Result 2022-23 - Science Olympiad Foundation has released ...
IMO Results 2022-23 (Released) - Check SOF IMO Level 1 & 2 Res...
IMO Results 2022-23 - Science Olympiad Foundation has released...
Explore Popular Degree, Branches and Courses
Browse by Degrees
Browse by Branches/Majors
Questions related to CBSE Class 12th
i couldnt clear 1st compartment (which held in August 2022) cbse class 12th so can I give improvement in all subjects which to be held on March 2023. tell me a solution i need more than 75% in class 12th
Yes you can appear for the compartment paper again since CBSE gives three chances to a candidate to clear his/her exams so you still have two more attempts. However, you can appear for your improvement paper for all subjects but you cannot appear for the ones in which you have failed.
I hope this was helpful!
i was not able to clear 1st compartment and now I have to give 2nd compartment so can I give improvement exam next year? plz tell me very much tensed(cbse class 12th)
If you was not able to clear 1st compartment and now you giving second compartment so YES, you can go for your improvement exam next year but if a student receives an improvement, they are given the opportunity to retake the boards as a private candidate the following year, but there are some requirements. First, the student must pass all of their subjects; if they received a compartment in any subject, they must then pass the compartment exam before being eligible for the improvement.
As you can registered yourself as private candidate for giving your improvement exam of 12 standard CBSE(Central Board of Secondary Education).For that you have to wait for a whole year which is bit difficult for you.
Positive side of waiting for whole year is you have a whole year to preparing yourself for your examination. You have no distraction or something which may causes your failure in the exams. In whole year you have to stay focused on your 12 standard examination for doing well in it. By this you get a highest marks as a comparison of others.
Believe in Yourself! You can make anything happen
All the very best.
if i am giving improvement in one subject this year, will i be able to give improvement in more subjects next year?
I appreciate your Interest in education. See the improvement is not restricted to one subject or multiple subjects and we cannot say if improvement in one subject in one year leads to improvement in more subjects in coming year.
You just need to have a revision of all subjects what you have completed in the school. have a revision and practice of subjects and concepts helps you better.
All the best.
I got an RT for 2 subjects, so do I have to give exams for all the subjects in the coming year or just the 2. pls help me
You just need to give the exams for the concerned two subjects in which you have got RT. There is no need to give exam for all of your subjects, you can just fill the form for the two subjects only.
I will have my boards in Feb 2023 (Class 12) and I still havent completed 1 chapter in any subject (Physics, chemistry and maths) , My 11th concepts are not that great but its okish, I wanted to know that If I do start studying from 15th of August Can I get above 85?
If you'll do hard work then by hard work of 6 months you can achieve your goal but you have to start studying for it dont waste your time its a very important year so please dont waste it otherwise you'll regret.