NCERT Solutions for Exercise 5.5 Class 12 Maths Chapter 5 - Continuity and Differentiability

NCERT Solutions for Exercise 5.5 Class 12 Maths Chapter 5 - Continuity and Differentiability

Edited By Ramraj Saini | Updated on Dec 03, 2023 05:06 PM IST | #CBSE Class 12th

NCERT Solutions For Class 12 Maths Chapter 5 Exercise 5.5

NCERT Solutions for Exercise 5.5 Class 12 Maths Chapter 5 Continuity and Differentiability are discussed here. These NCERT solutions are created by subject matter expert at Careers360 considering the latest syllabus and pattern of CBSE 2023-24. In the previous exercise , you have already learned about the differentiation of logarithmic and exponential functions. In exercise 5.5 Class 12 Maths, you will learn about logarithmic differentiation which is not the same as differentiation of logarithmic functions. This trick of differentiation is used for the differentiation of functions raised to the power of functions or variables.

In NCERT solutions for Class 12 Maths chapter 5 exercise 5.5, you will learn that logarithmic differentiation relies on the property of log and chain rule that you have already learned. If you have a good command of the chain rule of differentiation, you can easily solve these problems even without knowing about the logarithmic differentiation. You can go through these Class 12th Maths chapter 5 exercise 5.5 to get in-depth knowledge of this concept. 12th class Maths exercise 5.5 answers are designed as per the students demand covering comprehensive, step by step solutions of every problem. Practice these questions and answers to command the concepts, boost confidence and in depth understanding of concepts. Students can find all exercise together using the link provided below.

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Continuity and Differentiability Exercise: 5.5

Given function is
$y=\cos x . \cos 2x .\cos 3x$
Now, take log on both sides
$\log y=\log (\cos x . \cos 2x .\cos 3x)\\ \log y = \log \cos x + \log \cos 2x + \log \cos 3x$
Now, differentiation w.r.t. x
$\log y=\log (\cos x . \cos 2x .\cos 3x)\\ \frac{d(\log y )}{dx} = \frac{\log \cos x}{dx} + \frac{\log \cos 2x}{dx} + \frac{\log \cos 3x}{dx}\\ \frac{1}{y}.\frac{dy}{dx} = (-\sin x)\frac{1}{\cos x}+(-2\sin 2x)\frac{1}{\cos 2x}+(-3\sin3x).\frac{1}{\cos3x}\\ \frac{1}{y}\frac{dy}{dx} = -(\tan x+\tan 2x+\tan 3x) \ \ \ \ \ \ (\because \frac{\sin x }{\cos x} =\tan x)\\ \frac{dy}{dx}=-y(\tan x+\tan 2x+\tan 3x)\\ \frac{dy}{dx}= -\cos x\cos 2x\cos 3x(\tan x+\tan 2x+\tan 3x)$
There, the answer is $-\cos x\cos 2x\cos 3x(\tan x+\tan 2x+\tan 3x)$

Question:2. Differentiate the functions w.r.t. x.

$\sqrt {\frac{(x-1) ( x-2)}{(x-3 )(x-4 ) (x-5)}}$

Given function is
$y=\sqrt {\frac{(x-1) ( x-2)}{(x-3 )(x-4 ) (x-5)}}$
Take log on both the sides
$\log y=\frac{1}{2}\log\left ( \frac{(x-1) ( x-2)}{(x-3 )(x-4 ) (x-5)} \right )\\ \log y = \frac{1}{2} (\log(x-1)+\log(x-2)-\log(x-3)-\log(x-4)-\log(x-5))\\$
Now, differentiation w.r.t. x is
$\frac{d(\log y)}{dx} = \frac{1}{2} (\frac{d(\log(x-1))}{dx}+\frac{d(\log(x-2))}{dx}-\frac{d(\log(x-3))}{dx}-\frac{d(\log(x-4))}{dx}-\\$$\frac{d(\log(x-5))}{dx})$
$\frac{1}{y}\frac{dy}{dx}=\frac{1}{2}(\frac{1}{x-1}+\frac{1}{x-2}-\frac{1}{x-3}-\frac{1}{x-4}-\frac{1}{x-5})\\ \frac{dy}{dx}=y\frac{1}{2}(\frac{1}{x-1}+\frac{1}{x-2}-\frac{1}{x-3}-\frac{1}{x-4}-\frac{1}{x-5})\\ \frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{1}{2}\sqrt {\frac{(x-1) ( x-2)}{(x-3 )(x-4 ) (x-5)}}(\frac{1}{x-1}+\frac{1}{x-2}-\frac{1}{x-3}-\frac{1}{x-4}-\frac{1}{x-5})$
Therefore, the answer is $\frac{1}{2}\sqrt {\frac{(x-1) ( x-2)}{(x-3 )(x-4 ) (x-5)}}(\frac{1}{x-1}+\frac{1}{x-2}-\frac{1}{x-3}-\frac{1}{x-4}-\frac{1}{x-5})$

Question:3 Differentiate the functions w.r.t. x. $(\log x ) ^{\cos x}$

Given function is
$y=(\log x ) ^{\cos x}$
take log on both the sides
$\log y=\cos x\log (\log x )$
Now, differentiation w.r.t x is
$\frac{d(\log y)}{dx} = \frac{d(\cos x\log(\log x))}{dx}\\ \frac{1}{y}.\frac{dy}{dx} = (-\sin x)(\log(\log x)) + \cos x.\frac{1}{\log x}.\frac{1}{x}\\ \frac{dy}{dx}= y( \cos x.\frac{1}{\log x}.\frac{1}{x}-\sin x\log(\log x) )\\ \frac{dy}{dx} = (\log x)^{\cos x}( \frac{\cos x}{x\log x}-\sin x\log(\log x) )$
Therefore, the answer is $(\log x)^{\cos x}( \frac{\cos x}{x\log x}-\sin x\log(\log x) )$

Question:4 Differentiate the functions w.r.t. x. $x ^x - 2 ^{ \sin x }$

Given function is
$y = x ^x - 2 ^{ \sin x }$
Let's take $t = x^x$
take log on both the sides
$\log t=x\log x\\$
Now, differentiation w.r.t x is
$\log t=x\log x\\ \frac{d(\log t)}{dt}.\frac{dt}{dx} = \frac{d(x\log x)}{dx} \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (by \ chain \ rule)\\ \frac{1}{t}.\frac{dt}{dx} = \log x +1\\ \frac{dt}{dx} = t(\log x+1)\\ \frac{dt}{dx}= x^x(\log x+1) \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (\because t = x^x )$
Similarly, take $k = 2^{\sin x}$
Now, take log on both sides and differentiate w.r.t. x
$\log k=\sin x\log 2\\ \frac{d(\log k)}{dk}.\frac{dk}{dx} = \frac{d(\sin x\log 2)}{dx} \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (by \ chain \ rule)\\ \frac{1}{k}.\frac{dk}{dx} = \cos x \log 2\\ \frac{dk}{dx} = k(\cos x\log 2)\\ \frac{dk}{dx}= 2^{\sin x}(\cos x\log 2) \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (\because k = 2^{\sin x} )$
Now,
$\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{dt}{dx}-\frac{dk}{dx}\\ \frac{dy}{dx} = x^x(\log x+1 )- 2^{\sin x}(\cos x\log 2)$

Therefore, the answer is $x^x(\log x+1 )- 2^{\sin x}(\cos x\log 2)$

Question:5 Differentiate the functions w.r.t. x. $( x+3 )^ 2 . ( x +4 )^ 3 . ( x+5 )^4$

Given function is
$y=( x+3 )^ 2 . ( x +4 )^ 3 . ( x+5 )^4$
Take log on both sides
$\log y=\log [( x+3 )^ 2 . ( x +4 )^ 3 . ( x+5 )^4]\\ \log y = 2\log(x+3)+3\log(x+4)+4\log(x+5)$
Now, differentiate w.r.t. x we get,
$\frac{1}{y}.\frac{dy}{dx} = 2.\frac{1}{x+3}+3.\frac{1}{x+4}+4.\frac{1}{x+5}\\ \frac{dy}{dx}=y\left ( \frac{2}{x+3}+\frac{3}{x+4}+\frac{4}{x+5} \right )\\ \frac{dy}{dx} = (x+3)^2.(x+4)^3.(x+5)^4.\left ( \frac{2}{x+3}+\frac{3}{x+4}+\frac{4}{x+5} \right )\\ \frac{dy}{dx} = (x+3)^2.(x+4)^3.(x+5)^4.\left ( \frac{2(x+4)(x+5)+3(x+3)(x+5)+4(x+3)(x+4)}{(x+3)(x+4)(x+5)} \right )\\ \frac{dy}{dx} = (x + 3) (x + 4)^2 (x + 5)^3 (9x^2 + 70x + 133)$
Therefore, the answer is $(x + 3) (x + 4)^2 (x + 5)^3 (9x^2 + 70x + 133)$

Question:6 Differentiate the functions w.r.t. x. $( x+ \frac{1}{x} ) ^ x + x ^{ 1 + \frac{1}{x} }$

Given function is
$y = ( x+ \frac{1}{x} ) ^ x + x ^{ 1 + \frac{1}{x} }$
Let's take $t = ( x+ \frac{1}{x} ) ^ x$
Now, take log on both sides
$\log t =x \log ( x+ \frac{1}{x} )$
Now, differentiate w.r.t. x
we get,
$\frac{1}{t}.\frac{dt}{dx}=\log \left ( x+\frac{1}{x} \right )+x(1-\frac{1}{x^2}).\frac{1}{\left ( x+\frac{1}{x} \right )} = \frac{x^2-1}{x^2+1}+\log \left ( x+\frac{1}{x} \right )\\ \frac{dt}{dx} = t(\left (\frac{x^2-1}{x^2+1} \right )+\log \left ( x+\frac{1}{x} \right ))\\ \frac{dt}{dx} = \left ( x+\frac{1}{x} \right )^x (\left (\frac{x^2-1}{x^2+1} \right )+\log \left ( x+\frac{1}{x} \right ))$
Similarly, take $k = x^{1+\frac{1}{x}}$
Now, take log on both sides
$\log k = ({1+\frac{1}{x}})\log x$
Now, differentiate w.r.t. x
We get,
$\frac{1}{k}.\frac{dk}{dx}=\frac{1}{x} \left ( 1+\frac{1}{x} \right )+(-\frac{1}{x^2}).\log x = \frac{x^2+1}{x^2}+\frac{-1}{x^2}.\log x\\ \frac{dk}{dx} = t(\frac{x^2+1}{x^2}+\left (\frac{-1}{x^2} \right )\log x)\\ \frac{dk}{dx} = x^{x+\frac{1}{x}}\left (\frac{x^2+1-\log x}{x^2} \right )$
Now,
$\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{dt}{dx}+\frac{dk}{dx}$
$\frac{dy}{dx} = \left ( x+\frac{1}{x} \right )^x (\left (\frac{x^2-1}{x^2+1} \right )+\log \left ( x+\frac{1}{x} \right ))+x^{x+\frac{1}{x}}\left (\frac{x^2+1-\log x}{x^2} \right )$

Therefore, the answer is $\left ( x+\frac{1}{x} \right )^x (\left (\frac{x^2-1}{x^2+1} \right )+\log \left ( x+\frac{1}{x} \right ))+x^{x+\frac{1}{x}}\left (\frac{x^2+1-\log x}{x^2} \right )$

Question:7 Differentiate the functions w.r.t. x. $(\log x )^x + x ^{\log x }$

Given function is
$y = (\log x )^x + x ^{\log x }$
Let's take $t = (\log x)^x$
Now, take log on both the sides
$\log t = x \log(\log x)$
Now, differentiate w.r.t. x
we get,
$\frac{1}{t}\frac{dt}{dx} = \log (\log x) + x.\frac{1}{x}.\frac{1}{\log x}= \log (\log x)+\frac{1}{\log x}\\ \frac{dt}{dx}= t.(\log (\log x)+\frac{1}{\log x})\\ \frac{dt}{dx} =(\log x)^x(\log (\log x)) + (\log x)^x.\frac{1}{\log x}=(\log x)^x(\log (\log x))+ (\log x )^{x-1}$
Similarly, take $k = x^{\log x}$
Now, take log on both sides
$\log k = \log x \log x = (\log x)^2$
Now, differentiate w.r.t. x
We get,
$\frac{1}{k}\frac{dk}{dx} =2 (\log x).\frac{1}{x} \\ \frac{dt}{dx}= k.\left ( 2 (\log x).\frac{1}{x} \right )\\ \frac{dt}{dx} = x^{\log x}.\left (2 (\log x).\frac{1}{x} \right ) = 2x^{\log x-1}.\log x$
Now,
$\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{dt}{dx}+\frac{dk}{dx}$
$\frac{dy}{dx} =(\log x)^x(\log (\log x))+ (\log x )^{x-1}+ 2x^{\log x-1}.\log x$
Therefore, the answer is $(\log x)^x(\log (\log x))+ (\log x )^{x-1}+ 2x^{\log x-1}.\log x$

Question:8 Differentiate the functions w.r.t. x. $(\sin x )^x + \sin ^{-1} \sqrt x$

Given function is
$(\sin x )^x + \sin ^{-1} \sqrt x$
Lets take $t = (\sin x)^x$
Now, take log on both the sides
$\log t = x \log(\sin x)$
Now, differentiate w.r.t. x
we get,
$\frac{1}{t}\frac{dt}{dx} = \log (\sin x) + x.\cos x.\frac{1}{\sin x}= \log (\sin x)+x.\cot x \ \ \ (\because \frac{\cos x}{\sin x}=\cot x)\\ \frac{dt}{dx}= t.(\log (\sin x)+x.\cot x)\\ \frac{dt}{dx} =(\sin x)^x(\log (\sin x)+x\cot x)$
Similarly, take $k = \sin^{-1}\sqrt x$
Now, differentiate w.r.t. x
We get,
$\frac{dk}{dt} = \frac{1}{\sqrt{1-(\sqrt x)^2}}.\frac{1}{2\sqrt x}= \frac{1}{2\sqrt{x-x^2}}\\ \frac{dk}{dt}=\frac{1}{2\sqrt{x-x^2}}\\$
Now,
$\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{dt}{dx}+\frac{dk}{dx}$
$\frac{dy}{dx} =(\sin x)^x(\log (\sin x)+x\cot x)+\frac{1}{2\sqrt{x-x^2}}$
Therefore, the answer is $(\sin x)^x(\log (\sin x)+x\cot x)+\frac{1}{2\sqrt{x-x^2}}$

Question:9 Differentiate the functions w.r.t. x $x ^ {\sin x } + ( \sin x )^{\cos x}$

Given function is
$y = x ^ { \sin x } + ( \sin x )^ {\cos x}$
Now, take $t = x^{\sin x}$
Now, take log on both sides
$\log t = \sin x \log x$
Now, differentiate it w.r.t. x
we get,
$\frac{1}{t}\frac{dt}{dx} = \cos x \log x+\frac{1}{x}.\sin x\\ \frac{dt}{dx}=t\left ( \cos x \log x+\frac{1}{x}.\sin x \right )\\ \frac{dt}{dx}= x^{\sin x}\left ( \cos x \log x+\frac{1}{x}.\sin x \right )$
Similarly, take $k = (\sin x)^{\cos x}$
Now, take log on both the sides
$\log k = \cos x \log (\sin x)$
Now, differentiate it w.r.t. x
we get,
$\frac{1}{k}\frac{dk}{dt} = (-\sin x)(\log (\sin x)) + \cos x.\frac{1}{\sin x}.\cos x=-\sin x\log(\sin x)+\cot x.\cos x\\ \frac{dk}{dt}= k\left ( -\sin x\log(\sin x)+\cot x.\cos x \right )\\ \frac{dk}{dt}=(\sin x)^{\cos x}\left ( -\sin x\log(\sin x)+\cot x.\cos x \right )$
Now,
$\frac{dy}{dx} = x^{\sin x}\left ( \cos x \log x+\frac{1}{x}.\sin x \right )+ (\sin x)^{\cos x}\left ( -\sin x\log(\sin x)+\cot x.\cos x \right )$
Therefore, the answer is $x^{\sin x}\left ( \cos x \log x+\frac{1}{x}.\sin x \right )+ (\sin x)^{\cos x}\left ( -\sin x\log(\sin x)+\cot x.\cos x \right )$

Question:10 Differentiate the functions w.r.t. x. $x ^ {x \cos x} + \frac{x^2 + 1 }{x^2 -1 }$

Given function is
$x ^ {x \cos x} + \frac{x^2 + 1 }{x^2 -1 }$
Take $t = x^{x\cos x}$
Take log on both the sides
$\log t =x\cos x \log x$
Now, differentiate w.r.t. x
we get,
$\frac{1}{t}\frac{dt}{dx} = \cos x\log x-x\sin x\log x + \frac{1}{x}.x.\cos x\\ \frac{dt}{dx}= t.\left (\log x(\cos x-x\sin x)+ \cos x \right ) = x^{x\cos x}\left ( \log x(\cos x-x\sin x)+ \cos x \right )$
Similarly,
take $k = \frac{x^2+1}{x^2-1}$
Now. differentiate it w.r.t. x
we get,
$\frac{dk}{dx} = \frac{2x(x^2-1)-2x(x^2+1)}{(x^2-1)^2} = \frac{2x^3-2x-2x^3-2x}{(x^2-1)^2} = \frac{-4x}{(x^2-1)^2}$
Now,
$\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{dt}{dx}+\frac{dk}{dx}$
$\frac{dy}{dx} = x^{x\cos x}\left ( \log x(\cos x-x\sin x)+ \cos x \right )-\frac{4x}{(x^2-1)^2}$
Therefore, the answer is $x^{x\cos x}\left ( \cos x(\log x+1)-x\sin x\log x\right )-\frac{4x}{(x^2-1)^2}$

Question:11 Differentiate the functions w.r.t. x. $( x \cos x )^ x + ( x \sin x )^{1/ x}$

Given function is
$f(x)=( x \cos x )^ x + ( x \sin x )^{1/ x}$
Let's take $t = (x\cos x)^x$
Now, take log on both sides
$\log t =x\log (x\cos x) = x(\log x+\log \cos x)$
Now, differentiate w.r.t. x
we get,
$\frac{1}{t}\frac{dt}{dx} =(\log x+\log \cos x)+x(\frac{1}{x}+\frac{1}{\cos x}.(-\sin x))\\ \frac{dt}{dx} = t(\log x + \log \cos x+1-x\tan x) \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (\because \frac{\sin x}{\cos x}= \tan x)\\ \frac{dt}{dx}= (x\cos x)^x(\log x + \log \cos x+1-x\tan x)\\ \frac{dt}{dx}=(x\cos x)^x(+1-x\tan x+\log (x\cos x))$
Similarly, take $k = (x\sin x)^{\frac{1}{x}}$
Now, take log on both the sides
$\log k = \frac{1}{x}(\log x+\log \sin x)$
Now, differentiate w.r.t. x
we get,
$\frac{1}{k}\frac{dk}{dx} =(\frac{-1}{x^2})(\log x+\log \sin x)+\frac{1}{x}(\frac{1}{x}+\frac{1}{\sin x}.(\cos x))\\ \frac{dk}{dx} = \frac{k}{x^2}(-\log x - \log \sin x+\frac{1}{x^2}+\frac{\cot x}{x}) \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (\because \frac{\cos x}{\sin x}= \cot x)\\ \frac{dk}{dx}=\frac{(x\sin x)^{\frac{1}{x}}}{x^2}(-\log x - \log \sin x+\frac{1}{x^2}+\frac{\cot x}{x})\\ \frac{dk}{dx}=(x\sin x)^{\frac{1}{x}}\frac{(x\cot x+1-(\log x\sin x))}{x^2}$
Now,
$\frac{dy}{dx}= \frac{dt}{dx}+\frac{dk}{dx}$
$\frac{dy}{dx}= (x\cos x)^x(+1-x\tan x+\log (x\cos x))+(x\sin x)^{\frac{1}{x}}\frac{(x\cot x+1-(\log x\sin x))}{x^2}$
Therefore, the answer is $(x\cos x)^x(1-x\tan x+\log (x\cos x))+(x\sin x)^{\frac{1}{x}}\frac{(x\cot x+1-(\log x\sin x))}{x^2}$

Question:12 Find dy/dx of the functions given in Exercises 12 to 15

$x ^ y + y ^ x = 1$.

Given function is
$f(x)=x ^ y + y ^ x = 1$
Now, take $t = x^y$
take log on both sides
$\log t = y\log x$
Now, differentiate w.r.t x
we get,
$\frac{1}{t}\frac{dt}{dx} = \frac{dy}{dx}(\log x)+y\frac{1}{x}=\frac{dy}{dx}(\log x)+\frac{y}{x}\\ \frac{dt}{dx}= t(\frac{dy}{dx}(\log x)+\frac{y}{x})\\ \frac{dt}{dx}= ( x^y)(\frac{dy}{dx}(\log x)+\frac{y}{x})$
Similarly, take $k = y^x$
Now, take log on both sides
$\log k = x\log y$
Now, differentiate w.r.t. x
we get,
$\frac{1}{k}\frac{dk}{dx} = (\log y)+x\frac{1}{y}\frac{dy}{dx}=\log y+\frac{x}{y}\frac{dy}{dx}\\ \frac{dk}{dx}= k(\log y+\frac{x}{y}\frac{dy}{dx})\\ \frac{dk}{dx}= (y^x)(\log y+\frac{x}{y}\frac{dy}{dx})$
Now,
$f^{'}(x)= \frac{dt}{dx}+\frac{dk}{dx}= 0$

$( x^y)(\frac{dy}{dx}(\log x)+\frac{y}{x}) + (y^x)(\log y+\frac{x}{y}\frac{dy}{dx}) = 0\\ \frac{dy}{dx}(x^y(\log x)+xy^{x-1}) = -(yx^{y-1}+y^x(\log y))\\ \frac{dy}{dx}= \frac{ -(yx^{y-1}+y^x(\log y))}{(x^y(\log x)+xy^{x-1})}$

Therefore, the answer is $\frac{ -(yx^{y-1}+y^x(\log y))}{(x^y(\log x)+xy^{x-1})}$

Question:13 Find dy/dx of the functions given in Exercises 12 to 15.

$y^x = x ^y$

Given function is
$f(x)\Rightarrow x ^ y = y ^ x$
Now, take $t = x^y$
take log on both sides
$\log t = y\log x$
Now, differentiate w.r.t x
we get,
$\frac{1}{t}\frac{dt}{dx} = \frac{dy}{dx}(\log x)+y\frac{1}{x}=\frac{dy}{dx}(\log x)+\frac{y}{x}\\ \frac{dt}{dx}= t(\frac{dy}{dx}(\log x)+\frac{y}{x})\\ \frac{dt}{dx}= ( x^y)(\frac{dy}{dx}(\log x)+\frac{y}{x})$
Similarly, take $k = y^x$
Now, take log on both sides
$\log k = x\log y$
Now, differentiate w.r.t. x
we get,
$\frac{1}{k}\frac{dk}{dx} = (\log y)+x\frac{1}{y}\frac{dy}{dx}=\log y+\frac{x}{y}\frac{dy}{dx}\\ \frac{dk}{dx}= k(\log y+\frac{x}{y}\frac{dy}{dx})\\ \frac{dk}{dx}= (y^x)(\log y+\frac{x}{y}\frac{dy}{dx})$
Now,
$f^{'}(x)\Rightarrow \frac{dt}{dx}= \frac{dk}{dx}$

$( x^y)(\frac{dy}{dx}(\log x)+\frac{y}{x}) = (y^x)(\log y+\frac{x}{y}\frac{dy}{dx})\\ \frac{dy}{dx}(x^y(\log x)-xy^{x-1}) = (y^x(\log y)-yx^{y-1})\\ \frac{dy}{dx}= \frac{ y^x(\log y)-yx^{y-1}}{(x^y(\log x)-xy^{x-1})} = \frac{x}{y}\left ( \frac{y-x\log y}{x-y\log x}\right )$

Therefore, the answer is $\frac{x}{y}\left ( \frac{y-x\log y}{x-y\log x}\right )$

Question:14 Find dy/dx of the functions given in Exercises 12 to 15. $( \cos x )^y = ( \cos y )^x$

Given function is
$f(x)\Rightarrow (\cos x) ^ y = (\cos y) ^ x$
Now, take log on both the sides
$y\log \cos x = x \log \cos y$
Now, differentiate w.r.t x
$\frac{dy}{dx}(\log \cos x)-y\tan x = \log \cos y-x\tan y\frac{dy}{dx}$
By taking similar terms on the same side
We get,
$(\frac{dy}{dx}(\log \cos x)-y\tan x) = (\log \cos y-x\tan y\frac{dy}{dx})\\ \frac{dy}{dx} \left (\log \cos x+(\cos y)^x.x\tan y) \right )= \left ( \log \cos y+(\cos x)^y.y\tan x \right )\\ \frac{dy}{dx}= \frac{\left (\log \cos y+y\tan x \right )}{\left ( \log \cos x+x\tan y) \right )} = \frac{y\tan x+\log \cos y}{x\tan y+\log \cos x}$

Therefore, the answer is $\frac{y\tan x+\log \cos y}{x\tan y+\log \cos x}$

Question:15 Find dy/dx of the functions given in Exercises 12 to 15. $xy = e ^{x-y}$

Given function is
$f(x)\Rightarrow xy = e ^{x-y}$
Now, take log on both the sides
$\log x+\ log y = (x-y)(1) \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (\because \log e = 1)\\ \log x+\ log y = (x-y)$
Now, differentiate w.r.t x
$\frac{1}{x}+\frac{1}{y}\frac{dy}{dx}=1-\frac{dy}{dx}$
By taking similar terms on same side
We get,
$(\frac{1}{y}+1)\frac{dy}{dx}=1-\frac{1}{x}\\ \frac{y+1}{y}.\frac{dy}{dx}= \frac{x-1}{x}\\ \frac{dy}{dx}= \frac{y}{x}.\frac{x-1}{y+1}$
Therefore, the answer is $\frac{y}{x}.\frac{x-1}{y+1}$

Question:16 Find the derivative of the function given by $f (x) = (1 + x) (1 + x^2) (1 + x^4) (1 + x^8)$ and hence find

f ' (1)

Given function is
$y = (1 + x) (1 + x^2) (1 + x^4) (1 + x^8)$
Take log on both sides
$\log y =\log (1 + x) + \log (1 + x^2) +\log (1 + x^4) +\log (1 + x^8)$
NOW, differentiate w.r.t. x
$\frac{1}{y}.\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{1}{1+x}+ \frac{2x}{1+x^2}+ \frac{4x^3}{1+x^4}+ \frac{8x^7}{1+x^8}\\ \frac{dy}{dx}=y.\left ( \frac{1}{1+x}+ \frac{2x}{1+x^2}+ \frac{4x^3}{1+x^4}+ \frac{8x^7}{1+x^8} \right )\\ \frac{dy}{dx}= (1 + x) (1 + x^2) (1 + x^4) (1 + x^8).\left ( \frac{1}{1+x}+ \frac{2x}{1+x^2}+ \frac{4x^3}{1+x^4}+ \frac{8x^7}{1+x^8} \right )$
Therefore, $f^{'}(x)= (1 + x) (1 + x^2) (1 + x^4) (1 + x^8).\left ( \frac{1}{1+x}+ \frac{2x}{1+x^2}+ \frac{4x^3}{1+x^4}+ \frac{8x^7}{1+x^8} \right )$
Now, the vale of $f^{'}(1)$ is
$f^{'}(1)= (1 + 1) (1 + 1^2) (1 + 1^4) (1 + 1^8).\left ( \frac{1}{1+1}+ \frac{2(1)}{1+1^2}+ \frac{4(1)^3}{1+1^4}+ \frac{8(1)^7}{1+1^8} \right )\\ f^{'}(1)=16.\frac{15}{2} = 120$

Question:17 (1) Differentiate $(x^2 - 5x + 8) (x^3 + 7x + 9)$ in three ways mentioned below: (i) by using product rule

Given function is
$f(x)=(x^2 - 5x + 8) (x^3 + 7x + 9)$
Now, we need to differentiate using the product rule
$f^{'}(x)=\frac{d((x^2 - 5x + 8))}{dx}. (x^3 + 7x + 9)+(x^2 - 5x + 8).\frac{d( (x^3 + 7x + 9))}{dx}\\$
$= (2x-5).(x^3+7x+9)+(x^2-5x+8)(3x^2+7)\\ =2x^4+14x^2+18x-5x^3-35x-45+3x^4-15x^3+24x^2+7x^2-35x+56\\ = 5x^4 -20x^3+45x^2-52x+11$
Therefore, the answer is $5x^4 -20x^3+45x^2-52x+11$

Question:17 (2) Differentiate $(x^2 - 5x + 8) (x^3 + 7x + 9)$ in three ways mentioned below: (ii) by expanding the product to obtain a single polynomial.

Given function is
$f(x)=(x^2 - 5x + 8) (x^3 + 7x + 9)$
Multiply both to obtain a single higher degree polynomial
$f(x) = x^2(x^3+7x+9)-5x(x^3+7x+9)+8(x^3+7x+9)$
$= x^5+7x^3+9x^2-5x^4-35x^2-45x+8x^3+56x+72$
$= x^5-5x^4+15x^3-26x^2+11x+72$
Now, differentiate w.r.t. x
we get,
$f^{'}(x)=5x^4-20x^3+45x^2-52x+11$
Therefore, the answer is $5x^4-20x^3+45x^2-52x+11$

Question:17 (3) Differentiate $(x^2 - 5x + 8) (x^3 + 7x + 9)$ in three ways mentioned below: (iii) by logarithmic differentiation. Do they all give the same answer?

Given function is
$y=(x^2 - 5x + 8) (x^3 + 7x + 9)$
Now, take log on both the sides
$\log y = \log (x^2-5x+8)+\log (x^3+7x+9)$
Now, differentiate w.r.t. x
we get,
$\frac{1}{y}.\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{1}{x^2-5x+8}.(2x-5) + \frac{1}{x^3+7x+9}.(3x^2+7)\\ \frac{dy}{dx}= y.\left ( \frac{(2x-5)(x^3+7x+9)+(3x^2+7)(x^2-5x+8)}{(x^2-5x+8)(x^3+7x+9)} \right )\\ \frac{dy}{dx}=(x^2-5x+8)(x^3+7x+9).\left ( \frac{(2x-5)(x^3+7x+9)+(3x^2+7)(x^2-5x+8)}{(x^2-5x+8)(x^3+7x+9)} \right )\\ \frac{dy}{dx} = (2x-5)(x^3+7x+9)+(3x^2+7)(x^2-5x+8)\\ \frac{dy}{dx} = 5x^4-20x^3+45x^2-56x+11$
Therefore, the answer is $5x^4-20x^3+45x^2-56x+11$
And yes they all give the same answer

Question:18 If u, v and w are functions of x, then show that $\frac{d}{dx} ( u,v,w) = \frac{du}{dx} v. w +u . \frac{dv }{dx } v. w+ u . \frac{dv}{dx } . w+u.v \frac{dw}{dx}$ in two ways - first by repeated application of product rule, second by logarithmic differentiation.

It is given that u, v and w are the functions of x
Let $y = u.v.w$
Now, we differentiate using product rule w.r.t x
First, take $y = u.(vw)$
Now,
$\frac{dy}{dx}= \frac{du}{dx}.(v.w) + \frac{d(v.w)}{dx}.u$ -(i)
Now, again by the product rule
$\frac{d(v.w)}{dx}= \frac{dv}{dx}.w + \frac{dw}{dx}.v$
Put this in equation (i)
we get,
$\frac{dy}{dx}= \frac{du}{dx}.(v.w) + \frac{dv}{dx}.(u.w) + \frac{dw}{dx}.(u.v)$
Hence, by product rule we proved it

Now, by taking the log
Again take $y = u.v.w$
Now, take log on both sides
$\log y = \log u + \log v + \log w$
Now, differentiate w.r.t. x
we get,
$\frac{1}{y}.\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{1}{u}.\frac{du}{dx}+\frac{1}{v}\frac{dv}{dx}+\frac{1}{w}.\frac{dw}{dx}\\ \frac{dy}{dx}= y. \left ( \frac{v.w.\frac{du}{dx}+u.w.\frac{dv}{dx}+u.v.\frac{dw}{dx}}{u.v.w} \right )\\ \frac{dy}{dx} = (u.v.w)\left ( \frac{v.w.\frac{du}{dx}+u.w.\frac{dv}{dx}+u.v.\frac{dw}{dx}}{u.v.w} \right )\\$
$\frac{dy}{dx}= \frac{du}{dx}.(v.w) + \frac{dv}{dx}.(u.w) + \frac{dw}{dx}.(u.v)$
Hence, we proved it by taking the log

More About NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 5 Exercise 5.5:-

Class 12 Maths ch 5 ex 5.5 consists of questions related to finding differentiation of functions raised to the power of functions. These types of questions can be solved using the concept called logarithmic differentiation. In NCERT book exercise 5.5 Class 12 Maths which you learn this concept through solving problems based on this concept. There are 10 questions from this concept given in the exercise 5.5 class 12 maths. Also, you can solve two examples give before this exercise which will help you to get conceptual clarity. The proof of this concept is also given before this exercise. You can prove the given definition by yourself using the chain rule and logarithmic property.

Benefits of NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 5 Exercise 5.5:-

• NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths chapter 5 exercise 5.5 are beneficial when students are getting difficulty while solving the NCERT syllabus exercise 5.5 Class 12 Maths problems.
• Class 12 Maths chapter 5 exercise 5.5 solutions are descriptive so you can easily understand the solutions.
• Class 12th Maths chapter 5 exercise 5.5 solutions can be used for reference when you are solving logarithmic differentiation.
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Key Features Of NCERT Solutions for Exercise 5.5 Class 12 Maths Chapter 5

• Comprehensive Coverage: The solutions encompass all the topics covered in ex 5.5 class 12, ensuring a thorough understanding of the concepts.
• Step-by-Step Solutions: In this class 12 maths ex 5.5, each problem is solved systematically, providing a stepwise approach to aid in better comprehension for students.
• Accuracy and Clarity: Solutions for class 12 ex 5.5 are presented accurately and concisely, using simple language to help students grasp the concepts easily.
• Conceptual Clarity: In this 12th class maths exercise 5.5 answers, emphasis is placed on conceptual clarity, providing explanations that assist students in understanding the underlying principles behind each problem.
• Inclusive Approach: Solutions for ex 5.5 class 12 cater to different learning styles and abilities, ensuring that students of various levels can grasp the concepts effectively.
• Relevance to Curriculum: The solutions for class 12 maths ex 5.5 align closely with the NCERT curriculum, ensuring that students are prepared in line with the prescribed syllabus.

Also see-

Subject Wise NCERT Exampler Solutions

Happy learning!!!

1. Does logarithmic differentiation and differentiation of logarithmic function is same ?

No,  logarithmic differentiation and differentiation of logarithmic function are different concepts.

2. What is use of logarithmic differentiation ?

Logarithmic differentiation is useful for differentiating the function raised to the power of some variable or function.

3. What is weightage of Vector Algebra if the CBSE Class 12 Maths board exam ?

The weightage of Vector Algebra is 7 marks in the CBSE Class 12 Maths board exam. For good score follow NCERT book. To solve more problems NCERT exemplar and previous year papers can be used.

4. Can i get CBSE Class 12 Syllabus ?

Click on the link to get CBSE Class 12 Syllabus.

5. What is the application process for CBSE Class 12 ?

Click on the link to get application process for CBSE Class 12

6. What is the exam duration of CBSE Class 12 Maths ?

Total of 3 hours will be given to you to complete the CBSE Class 12 Maths paper.

7. What is the differentiation of e^(2x) ?

The differentiation of e^(2x) is 2 e^(2x).

8. Find the differentiation of 1/x ?

d(1/x)/dx = -1/x^2

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Questions related to CBSE Class 12th

Have a question related to CBSE Class 12th ?

hello mahima,

If you have uploaded screenshot of your 12th board result taken from CBSE official website,there won,t be a problem with that.If the screenshot that you have uploaded is clear and legible. It should display your name, roll number, marks obtained, and any other relevant details in a readable forma.ALSO, the screenshot clearly show it is from the official CBSE results portal.

hope this helps.

Hello Akash,

If you are looking for important questions of class 12th then I would like to suggest you to go with previous year questions of that particular board. You can go with last 5-10 years of PYQs so and after going through all the questions you will have a clear idea about the type and level of questions that are being asked and it will help you to boost your class 12th board preparation.

You can get the Previous Year Questions (PYQs) on the official website of the respective board.

I hope this answer helps you. If you have more queries then feel free to share your questions with us we will be happy to assist you.

Thank you and wishing you all the best for your bright future.

Hello student,

If you are planning to appear again for class 12th board exam with PCMB as a private candidate here is the right information you need:

• No school admission needed! Register directly with CBSE. (But if you want to attend the school then you can take admission in any private school of your choice but it will be waste of money)
• You have to appear for the 2025 12th board exams.
• Registration for class 12th board exam starts around September 2024 (check CBSE website for exact dates).
• Aim to register before late October to avoid extra fees.
• Schools might not offer classes for private students, so focus on self-study or coaching.

Remember , these are tentative dates based on last year. Keep an eye on the CBSE website ( https://www.cbse.gov.in/ ) for the accurate and official announcement.

I hope this answer helps you. If you have more queries then feel free to share your questions with us, we will be happy to help you.

Hello Aspirant , Hope your doing great . As per your query , your eligible for JEE mains in the year of 2025 , Every candidate can appear for the JEE Main exam 6 times over three consecutive years . The JEE Main exam is held two times every year, in January and April.

A block of mass 0.50 kg is moving with a speed of 2.00 ms-1 on a smooth surface. It strikes another mass of 1.00 kg and then they move together as a single body. The energy loss during the collision is

 Option 1) Option 2) Option 3) Option 4)

A person trying to lose weight by burning fat lifts a mass of 10 kg upto a height of 1 m 1000 times.  Assume that the potential energy lost each time he lowers the mass is dissipated.  How much fat will he use up considering the work done only when the weight is lifted up ?  Fat supplies 3.8×107 J of energy per kg which is converted to mechanical energy with a 20% efficiency rate.  Take g = 9.8 ms−2 :

 Option 1) 2.45×10−3 kg Option 2)  6.45×10−3 kg Option 3)  9.89×10−3 kg Option 4) 12.89×10−3 kg

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 Option 1) Option 2) Option 3) Option 4)

A particle is projected at 600   to the horizontal with a kinetic energy . The kinetic energy at the highest point

 Option 1) Option 2) Option 3) Option 4)

In the reaction,

 Option 1)   at STP  is produced for every mole   consumed Option 2)   is consumed for ever      produced Option 3) is produced regardless of temperature and pressure for every mole Al that reacts Option 4) at STP is produced for every mole Al that reacts .

How many moles of magnesium phosphate, will contain 0.25 mole of oxygen atoms?

 Option 1) 0.02 Option 2) 3.125 × 10-2 Option 3) 1.25 × 10-2 Option 4) 2.5 × 10-2

If we consider that 1/6, in place of 1/12, mass of carbon atom is taken to be the relative atomic mass unit, the mass of one mole of a substance will

 Option 1) decrease twice Option 2) increase two fold Option 3) remain unchanged Option 4) be a function of the molecular mass of the substance.

With increase of temperature, which of these changes?

 Option 1) Molality Option 2) Weight fraction of solute Option 3) Fraction of solute present in water Option 4) Mole fraction.

Number of atoms in 558.5 gram Fe (at. wt.of Fe = 55.85 g mol-1) is

 Option 1) twice that in 60 g carbon Option 2) 6.023 × 1022 Option 3) half that in 8 g He Option 4) 558.5 × 6.023 × 1023

A pulley of radius 2 m is rotated about its axis by a force F = (20t - 5t2) newton (where t is measured in seconds) applied tangentially. If the moment of inertia of the pulley about its axis of rotation is 10 kg m2 , the number of rotations made by the pulley before its direction of motion if reversed, is

 Option 1) less than 3 Option 2) more than 3 but less than 6 Option 3) more than 6 but less than 9 Option 4) more than 9