NCERT Solutions for Exercise 5.7 Class 12 Maths Chapter 5 - Continuity and Differentiability

# NCERT Solutions for Exercise 5.7 Class 12 Maths Chapter 5 - Continuity and Differentiability

Edited By Ramraj Saini | Updated on Dec 03, 2023 05:13 PM IST | #CBSE Class 12th

## NCERT Solutions For Class 12 Maths Chapter 5 Exercise 5.7

NCERT Solutions for Exercise 5.7 Class 12 Maths Chapter 5 Continuity and Differentiability are discussed here. These NCERT solutions are created by subject matter expert at Careers360 considering the latest syllabus and pattern of CBSE 2023-24. In the previous exercises, you have learned about finding the first-order differentiation of different types of functions. In NCERT solutions for Class 12 Maths chapter 5 exercise 5.7, you will learn about finding the derivatives of second order. If a function y=f(x) is given, you can find its first-order derivative by differentiation of y y w.r.t x i.e. f'(x) = dy/dx and if you again differentiate f'(x) w.r.t the x, you will get the second-order f''(x).

If you have command on the first-order differentiation then exercise 5.7 Class 12 Maths will be very easy for you as you just need to differentiate the given function two times. The first and second-order derivatives are useful in finding minimum and maximum values of the functions, finding the domain and range of the function, other subjects also. 12th class Maths exercise 5.7 answers are designed as per the students demand covering comprehensive, step by step solutions of every problem. Practice these questions and answers to command the concepts, boost confidence and in depth understanding of concepts. Students can find all exercise together using the link provided below.

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## Continuity and Differentiability Exercise: 5.7

$x^2 + 3x+ 2$

Given function is
$y=x^2 + 3x+ 2$
Now, differentiation w.r.t. x
$\frac{dy}{dx}= 2x+3$
Now, second order derivative
$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}= 2$
Therefore, the second order derivative is $\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}= 2$

$x ^{20}$

Given function is
$y=x ^{20}$
Now, differentiation w.r.t. x
$\frac{dy}{dx}= 20x^{19}$
Now, the second-order derivative is
$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}= 20.19x^{18}= 380x^{18}$
Therefore, second-order derivative is $\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}= 380x^{18}$

$x \cos x$

Given function is
$y = x \cos x$
Now, differentiation w.r.t. x
$\frac{dy}{dx}= \cos x + x(-\sin x ) = \cos x-x\sin x$
Now, the second-order derivative is
$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}= -\sin x-(\sin x+x\cos x) = -2\sin x - x\sin x$
Therefore, the second-order derivative is $\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}= -2\sin x - x\sin x$

$\log x$

Given function is
$y=\log x$
Now, differentiation w.r.t. x
$\frac{dy}{dx}=\frac{1}{x}$
Now, second order derivative is
$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}= \frac{-1}{x^2}$
Therefore, second order derivative is $\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}= \frac{-1}{x^2}$

$x ^3 \log x$

Given function is
$y=x^3\log x$
Now, differentiation w.r.t. x
$\frac{dy}{dx}=3x^2.\log x+x^3.\frac{1}{x}= 3x^2.\log x+ x^2$
Now, the second-order derivative is
$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}= 6x.\log x+3x^2.\frac{1}{x}+2x=6x.\log x+3x+2x = x(6.\log x+5)$
Therefore, the second-order derivative is $\frac{d^2y}{dx^2} = x(6.\log x+5)$

$e ^x \sin5 x$

Given function is
$y= e^x\sin 5x$
Now, differentiation w.r.t. x
$\frac{dy}{dx}=e^x.\sin 5x +e^x.5\cos 5x = e^x(\sin5x+5\cos5x)$
Now, second order derivative is
$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}= e^x(\sin5x+5\cos5x)+e^x(5\cos5x+5.(-5\sin5x))$
$= e^x(\sin5x+5\cos5x)+e^x(5\cos5x-25\sin5x)=e^x(10\cos5x-24\sin5x)$
$=2e^x(5\cos5x-12\sin5x)$
Therefore, second order derivative is $\frac{dy}{dx}=2e^x(5\cos5x-12\sin5x)$

$e ^{6x}\cos 3x$

Given function is
$y= e^{6x}\cos 3x$
Now, differentiation w.r.t. x
$\frac{dy}{dx}=6e^{6x}.\cos 3x +e^{6x}.(-3\sin 3x)= e^{6x}(6\cos 3x-3\sin 3x)$
Now, second order derivative is
$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}= 6e^{6x}(6\cos3x-3\sin3x)+e^{6x}(6.(-3\sin3x)-3.3\cos3x)$
$= 6e^{6x}(6\cos3x-3\sin3x)-e^{6x}(18\sin3x+9\cos3x)$
$e^{6x}(27\cos3x-36\sin3x) = 9e^{6x}(3\cos3x-4\sin3x)$
Therefore, second order derivative is $\frac{dy}{dx} = 9e^{6x}(3\cos3x-4\sin3x)$

$\tan ^{-1} x$

Given function is
$y = \tan^{-1}x$
Now, differentiation w.r.t. x
$\frac{dy}{dx}=\frac{d(\tan^{-1}x)}{dx}=\frac{1}{1+x^2}$
Now, second order derivative is
$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}= \frac{-1}{(1+x^2)^2}.2x = \frac{-2x}{(1+x^2)^2}$
Therefore, second order derivative is $\frac{d^2y}{dx^2} = \frac{-2x}{(1+x^2)^2}$

$\log (\log x )$

Given function is
$y = \log(\log x)$
Now, differentiation w.r.t. x
$\frac{dy}{dx}=\frac{d(\log(\log x))}{dx}=\frac{1}{\log x}.\frac{1}{x}= \frac{1}{x\log x}$
Now, second order derivative is
$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}= \frac{-1}{(x\log x)^2}.(1.\log x+x.\frac{1}{x}) = \frac{-(\log x+1)}{(x\log x)^2}$
Therefore, second order derivative is $\frac{d^2y}{dx^2} = \frac{-(\log x+1)}{(x\log x)^2}$

$\sin (\log x )$

Given function is
$y = \sin(\log x)$
Now, differentiation w.r.t. x
$\frac{dy}{dx}=\frac{d(\sin(\log x))}{dx}=\cos (\log x).\frac{1}{x}= \frac{\cos (\log x)}{x}$
Now, second order derivative is
Using Quotient rule
$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}=\frac{-\sin(\log x)\frac{1}{x}.x-\cos(\log x).1}{x^2} = \frac{-(\sin (\log x)+\cos(\log x))}{x^2}$
Therefore, second order derivative is $\frac{d^2y}{dx^2} = \frac{-(\sin (\log x)+\cos(\log x))}{x^2}$

Given function is
$y = 5 \cos x - 3 \sin x$
Now, differentiation w.r.t. x
$\frac{dy}{dx}=\frac{d(5\cos x-3\sin x)}{dx}=-5\sin x-3\cos x$
Now, the second-order derivative is
$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}=\frac{d^2(-5\sin x-3\cos x)}{dx^2}=-5\cos x+3\sin x$
Now,
$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}+y=-5\cos x+3\sin x+5\cos x-3\sin x = 0$
Hence proved

Given function is
$y = \cos ^{-1} x$
Now, differentiation w.r.t. x
$\frac{dy}{dx}=\frac{d( \cos ^{-1} x)}{dx}=\frac{-1}{\sqrt{1-x^2}}$
Now, second order derivative is
$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}=\frac{d^2(\frac{-1}{\sqrt{1-x^2}})}{dx^2}=\frac{-(-1)}{(\sqrt{1-x^2})^2}.(-2x) = \frac{-2x}{1-x^2}$ -(i)
Now, we want $\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}$ in terms of y
$y = \cos ^{-1} x$
$x = \cos y$
Now, put the value of x in (i)
$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2} = \frac{-2\cos y }{1-\cos^2 y } = \frac{-2\cos y}{\sin ^2 y}= -2\cot y cosec y$
$(\because 1-\cos^2x =\sin^2 x\ and \ \frac{\cos x}{\sin x} = \cot x \ and \ \frac{1}{\sin x}= cosec x)$
Therefore, answer is $\frac{d^2y}{dx^2} = -2\cot y cosec y$

Given function is
$y = 3 \cos (\log x) + 4 \sin (\log x)$
Now, differentiation w.r.t. x
$y_1=\frac{dy}{dx}=\frac{d( 3 \cos (\log x) + 4 \sin (\log x))}{dx}=-3\sin(\log x).\frac{1}{x}+4\cos (\log x).\frac{1}{x}$
$=\frac{4\cos (\log x)-3\sin(\log x)}{x}$ -(i)
Now, second order derivative is
By using the Quotient rule
$y_2=\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}=\frac{d^2(\frac{4\cos (\log x)-3\sin(\log x)}{x})}{dx^2}= \frac{(-4\sin(\log x).\frac{1}{x}-3\cos(\log x).\frac{1}{x}).x-1.(4\cos (\log x)-3\sin(\log x))}{x^2}$
$=\frac{-\sin(\log x)+7\cos (\log x)}{x^2}$ -(ii)
Now, from equation (i) and (ii) we will get $y_1 \ and \ y_2$
Now, we need to show
$x^2 y_2 + xy_1 + y = 0$
Put the value of $y_1 \ and \ y_2$ from equation (i) and (ii)
$x^2\left ( \frac{-\sin(\log x)+7\cos (\log x)}{x^2} \right )+x\left ( \frac{4\cos (\log x)-3\sin(\log x)}{x} \right )+ 3 \cos (\log x)$ $+4\sin(\log x)$
$-\sin(\log x)-7\cos(\log x)+4\cos(\log x)-3\sin(\log x)+3\ cos (\log x)$ $+4\sin(\log x)$
$=0$
Hence proved

Given function is
$y = A e ^{mx} + Be ^{nx}$
Now, differentiation w.r.t. x
$\frac{dy}{dx}=\frac{d(A e ^{mx} + Be ^{nx})}{dx}=mAe^{mx}+nBe^{nx}$ -(i)
Now, second order derivative is
$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}=\frac{d^2(mAe^{mx}+nBe^{nx})}{dx^2}= m^2Ae^{mx}+n^2Be^{nx}$ -(ii)
Now, we need to show
$\frac{d ^2 y}{dx^2} - (m+n) \frac{dy}{dx} + mny = 0$
Put the value of $\frac{d^2y}{dx^2} \ and \ \frac{dy}{dx}$ from equation (i) and (ii)
$m^2Ae^{mx}+n^2Be^{nx}-(m+n)(mAe^{mx}+nBx^{nx}) +mn(Ae^{mx}+Be^{nx})$
$m^2Ae^{mx}+n^2Be^{nx}-m^2Ae^{mx}-mnBx^{nx}-mnAe^{mx} -n^2Be^{nx}+mnAe^{mx}$$+mnBe^{nx}$
$=0$
Hence proved

Given function is
$y = 500 e ^{7x} + 600 e ^{- 7x }$
Now, differentiation w.r.t. x
$\frac{dy}{dx}=\frac{d(500 e ^{7x} + 600 e ^{- 7x })}{dx}=7.500e^{7x}-7.600e^{-7x} =3500e^{7x}-4200e^{-7x}$ -(i)
Now, second order derivative is
$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}=\frac{d^2(3500e^{7x}-4200e^{-7x})}{dx^2}$
$= 7.3500e^{7x}-(-7).4200e^{-7x}= 24500e^{7x}+29400e^{-7x}$ -(ii)
Now, we need to show
$\frac{d^2 y}{dx ^2} = 49 y$
Put the value of $\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}$ from equation (ii)
$24500e^{7x}+29400e^{-7x}=49(500e^{7x}+600e^{-7x})$
$= 24500e^{7x}+29400e^{-7x}$
Hence, L.H.S. = R.H.S.
Hence proved

Given function is
$e ^y (x+1) = 1$
We can rewrite it as
$e^y = \frac{1}{x+1}$
Now, differentiation w.r.t. x
$\frac{d(e^y)}{dx}=\frac{d(\frac{1}{x+1})}{dx}\\ e^y.\frac{dy}{dx}= \frac{-1}{(x+1)^2}\\ \frac{1}{x+1}.\frac{dy}{dx}= \frac{-1}{(x+1)^2} \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (\because e^y = \frac{1}{x+1})\\ \frac{dy}{dx}= \frac{-1}{x+1}$ -(i)
Now, second order derivative is
$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}=\frac{d^2(\frac{-1}{x+1})}{dx^2}=\frac{-(-1)}{(x+1)^2} = \frac{1}{(x+1)^2}$ -(ii)
Now, we need to show
$\frac{d^2 y }{dx^2 } = (\frac{dy}{dx})^2$
Put value of $\frac{d^2y}{dx^2} \ and \ \frac{dy}{dx}$ from equation (i) and (ii)
$\frac{1}{(x+1)^2}=\left ( \frac{-1}{x+1} \right )^2$
$=\frac{1}{(x+1)^2}$
Hence, L.H.S. = R.H.S.
Hence proved

Given function is
$y = (\tan^{-1} x)^2$
Now, differentiation w.r.t. x
$y_1=\frac{dy}{dx}=\frac{d((\tan^{-1}x)^2)}{dx}= 2.\tan^{-1}x.\frac{1}{1+x^2}= \frac{2\tan^{-1}x}{1+x^2}$ -(i)
Now, the second-order derivative is
By using the quotient rule
$y_2=\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}=\frac{d^2(\frac{2\tan^{-1}x}{1+x^2})}{dx^2}=\frac{2.\frac{1}{1+x^2}.(1+x^2)-2\tan^{-1}x(2x)}{(1+x^2)^2}=\frac{2-4x\tan^{-1}x}{(1+x^2)^2}$ -(ii)
Now, we need to show
$(x^2 + 1)^2 y_2 + 2x (x^2 + 1) y_1 = 2$
Put the value from equation (i) and (ii)
$(x^2+1)^2.\frac{2-4x\tan^{-1}x}{(1+x^2)^2}+2x(x^2+1).\frac{2\tan^{-1}x}{x^2+1}\\ \Rightarrow 2-4x\tan^{-1}x+4x\tan^{-1}x = 2$
Hence, L.H.S. = R.H.S.
Hence proved

## More About NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 5 Exercise 5.7

In Class 12th Maths chapter 5 exercise 5.7, you will get 17 questions related to finding the second-order derivatives. There are four examples given in the NCERT book prior to the ex 5.7 which you can solve to get more familiar with second derivatives before solving the exercise question. After solving examples, you can try to solve Class 12th Maths chapter 5 exercise 5.7 questions. You may not be to solve these exercise 5.7 Class 12 Maths problems by yourself at first. You can go through Class 12 Maths chapter 5 exercise 5.7 solutions to get conceptual clarity.

## Benefits of NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 5 Exercise 5.7

• Class 12 Maths chapter 5 exercise 5.7 solutions are designed in a descriptive manner that you can understand easily.
• Don't go through NCERT solutions for Class 12 Maths chapter 5 exercise 5.7 without trying to solve NCERT problems by yourself.
• You can use exercise 5.7 Class 12 Maths solutions for reference.
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## Key Features Of NCERT Solutions for Exercise 5.7 Class 12 Maths Chapter 5

• Comprehensive Coverage: The solutions encompass all the topics covered in ex 5.7 class 12, ensuring a thorough understanding of the concepts.
• Step-by-Step Solutions: In this class 12 maths ex 5.7, each problem is solved systematically, providing a stepwise approach to aid in better comprehension for students.
• Accuracy and Clarity: Solutions for class 12 ex 5.7 are presented accurately and concisely, using simple language to help students grasp the concepts easily.
• Conceptual Clarity: In this 12th class maths exercise 5.7 answers, emphasis is placed on conceptual clarity, providing explanations that assist students in understanding the underlying principles behind each problem.
• Inclusive Approach: Solutions for ex 5.7 class 12 cater to different learning styles and abilities, ensuring that students of various levels can grasp the concepts effectively.
• Relevance to Curriculum: The solutions for class 12 maths ex 5.7 align closely with the NCERT curriculum, ensuring that students are prepared in line with the prescribed syllabus.

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## Subject Wise NCERT Exampler Solutions

Happy learning!!!

1. If y = c is a function where c is a constant then find dy/dx ?

y = c

dy/dx = 0

2. If y = c is a function where c is a constant then find the second order derivative of y ?

y = c

dy/dx = 0

d(dy/dx)/dx = 0

3. Find the first derivative of y = x ?

Given y = x

dy/dx = 1

4. Find the second order derivative of y = x ?

Given y = x

dy/dx = 1

d(dy/dx)/dx = 0

5. What is the second order derivative of y = e^x ?

y = e^x

dy/dx = e^x

d(dy/dx)/dx = e^x

d^(2)y/dx^2 = e^x

6. Can i get CBSE Class 10 exam pattern ?

Click on the link to get CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern.

7. Can I get detailed syllabus for CBSE Class 10 ?

8. Can I get detailed syllabus for CBSE Class 10 Maths ?

Click on the given link to get Syllabus for CBSE Class 10 Maths.

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### Questions related to CBSE Class 12th

Have a question related to CBSE Class 12th ?

Hi,

The Medhavi National Scholarship Program, under the Human Resources & Development Mission (HRDM), offers financial assistance to meritorious students through a scholarship exam. To be eligible, candidates must be between 16 and 40 years old as of the last date of registration and have at least passed the 10th grade from a recognized board. Higher qualifications, such as 11th/12th grade, graduation, post-graduation, or a diploma, are also acceptable.

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hello mahima,

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hope this helps.

Hello Akash,

If you are looking for important questions of class 12th then I would like to suggest you to go with previous year questions of that particular board. You can go with last 5-10 years of PYQs so and after going through all the questions you will have a clear idea about the type and level of questions that are being asked and it will help you to boost your class 12th board preparation.

You can get the Previous Year Questions (PYQs) on the official website of the respective board.

I hope this answer helps you. If you have more queries then feel free to share your questions with us we will be happy to assist you.

Thank you and wishing you all the best for your bright future.

Hello student,

If you are planning to appear again for class 12th board exam with PCMB as a private candidate here is the right information you need:

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• You have to appear for the 2025 12th board exams.
• Registration for class 12th board exam starts around September 2024 (check CBSE website for exact dates).
• Aim to register before late October to avoid extra fees.
• Schools might not offer classes for private students, so focus on self-study or coaching.

Remember , these are tentative dates based on last year. Keep an eye on the CBSE website ( https://www.cbse.gov.in/ ) for the accurate and official announcement.

I hope this answer helps you. If you have more queries then feel free to share your questions with us, we will be happy to help you.

A block of mass 0.50 kg is moving with a speed of 2.00 ms-1 on a smooth surface. It strikes another mass of 1.00 kg and then they move together as a single body. The energy loss during the collision is

 Option 1) Option 2) Option 3) Option 4)

A person trying to lose weight by burning fat lifts a mass of 10 kg upto a height of 1 m 1000 times.  Assume that the potential energy lost each time he lowers the mass is dissipated.  How much fat will he use up considering the work done only when the weight is lifted up ?  Fat supplies 3.8×107 J of energy per kg which is converted to mechanical energy with a 20% efficiency rate.  Take g = 9.8 ms−2 :

 Option 1) 2.45×10−3 kg Option 2)  6.45×10−3 kg Option 3)  9.89×10−3 kg Option 4) 12.89×10−3 kg

An athlete in the olympic games covers a distance of 100 m in 10 s. His kinetic energy can be estimated to be in the range

 Option 1) Option 2) Option 3) Option 4)

A particle is projected at 600   to the horizontal with a kinetic energy . The kinetic energy at the highest point

 Option 1) Option 2) Option 3) Option 4)

In the reaction,

 Option 1)   at STP  is produced for every mole   consumed Option 2)   is consumed for ever      produced Option 3) is produced regardless of temperature and pressure for every mole Al that reacts Option 4) at STP is produced for every mole Al that reacts .

How many moles of magnesium phosphate, will contain 0.25 mole of oxygen atoms?

 Option 1) 0.02 Option 2) 3.125 × 10-2 Option 3) 1.25 × 10-2 Option 4) 2.5 × 10-2

If we consider that 1/6, in place of 1/12, mass of carbon atom is taken to be the relative atomic mass unit, the mass of one mole of a substance will

 Option 1) decrease twice Option 2) increase two fold Option 3) remain unchanged Option 4) be a function of the molecular mass of the substance.

With increase of temperature, which of these changes?

 Option 1) Molality Option 2) Weight fraction of solute Option 3) Fraction of solute present in water Option 4) Mole fraction.

Number of atoms in 558.5 gram Fe (at. wt.of Fe = 55.85 g mol-1) is

 Option 1) twice that in 60 g carbon Option 2) 6.023 × 1022 Option 3) half that in 8 g He Option 4) 558.5 × 6.023 × 1023

A pulley of radius 2 m is rotated about its axis by a force F = (20t - 5t2) newton (where t is measured in seconds) applied tangentially. If the moment of inertia of the pulley about its axis of rotation is 10 kg m2 , the number of rotations made by the pulley before its direction of motion if reversed, is

 Option 1) less than 3 Option 2) more than 3 but less than 6 Option 3) more than 6 but less than 9 Option 4) more than 9