NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics solutions Chapter 6 Work Energy and Power

# NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics solutions Chapter 6 Work Energy and Power

Edited By Safeer PP | Updated on Aug 08, 2022 03:40 PM IST

Using NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics solutions chapter 6, the students will very quickly learn about the topic. This solution helps them gain knowledge and solve their related doubts with easy explanation. The chapter will tell us about the concepts of work, energy, and power. It shows the inter-relation between all three of them. Not only theoretically, but the topic gives exposure to practical knowledge. NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics chapter 6 solutions have been prepared by the experts according to the understanding capacity of the students.

## NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics Solutions Chapter 6 MCQI

Question:3.1

An electron and a proton are moving under the influence of mutual forces. In calculating the change in the kinetic energy of the system during motion, one ignores the magnetic force of one on another.
This is because,
(a) the two magnetic forces are equal and opposite, so they produce no net effect.
(b) the magnetic forces do no work on each particle.
(c) the magnetic forces do equal and opposite (but non-zero) work on each particle.
(d) the magenetic forces are necessarily negligible.

The answer is the option (b) the magnetic forces do not work on each particle.
The concept used in this question is of the work-energy theorem. According to which, net work done = (change in kinetic energy). Final kinetic energy – Initial kinetic energy of the object.

The direction of the magnetic forces will be at an angle of 90 degrees to the motion of electron and proton under mutual forces. As a result, the magnetic force acts like a centripetal force which leads the particles to undergo uniform circular motion. Hence, their speed remains constant throughout the motion. Since the speed is constant, the kinetic energy remains the same, and hence the net work done due to the change in kinetic energy by the forces amounts to zero. By the formula we know that: . , B is the external magnetic field, and v is the velocity of the particle. Hence, we can ignore the magnetic force of one particle on another.

Question:6.2

A proton is kept at rest. A positively charged particle is released from rest at a distance d in its field. Consider two experiments; one in which the charged particles is also a proton and in another, a positron. In the same time t, the work done on the two moving charged particles is
a) same as the same force law is involved in the two experiments
b) less for the case of a positron, as the positron moves away more rapidly and the force on it weakens
c) more for the case of a positron, as the positron moves away a larger distance
d) same as the work done by charged particle on the stationary proton

The answer is the option (c) more for the case of a positron, as the positron moves away a larger distance
The charges on a proton and a positron are same, but the mass of a positron is lesser than that of a proton. Hence, the force between a proton and a positron is the same as that between two protons. But, as the positron has a lower mass, it moves away through a larger amount of distance. The change in momentum remain equal for both cases, but the positron being of lighter weight moves a larger distance than a proton. Now, work done = force x distance. In our case, the forces are the same, but the positron travels a greater distance, and hence the work done in that case will be more.

Question:6.3

A man squatting on the ground gets straight up and stand. The force of reaction of ground on the man during the process is
a) constant and equal to mg in magnitude
b) constant and greater than mg in magnitude
c) variable but always greater than mg
d) at first greater than mg, and later becomes equal to mg

The answer is the option (d) at first greater than mg, and later becomes equal to mg.

Question:6.4

The answer is the option (c) Zero
Mechanical energy is not conserved here due to the presence of frictional forces. These lead to dissipation of energy. Work done by frictional force. Work done by the cycle on the road is zero as the road does not move and cover the distance.

Question:6.5

A body is falling freely under the action of gravity alone in vacuum. Which of the following quantities remain constant during the fall?
a) kinetic energy
b) potential energy
c) total mechanical energy
d) total linear momentum

The answer is the option (c) total linear momentum
Under the effect of the conservative forces, for a free-falling body, the potential energy decreases and the kinetic energy increases continuously. This leads to the total energy (KE +PE) remaining constant.

Velocity is zero at point A, so KE is also zero and Ea = mgH
At point B,

Eb = mgH
At point C,

Ec = mgH
Hence the total mechanical energy remains the same.

Question:6.6

During inelastic collision between two bodies, which of the following quantities always remain conserved?
a) total kinetic energy
b) total mechanical energy
c) total linear momentum
d) speed of each body

The answer is the option (c) total linear momentum
A collision is in-elastic if the kinetic energy pre and post-collision are not equal.

Question:6.7

Two inclined frictionless tracks, one gradual and the other steep meet at A from where two stones are allowed to slide down from rest, one on each track as shown in Figure.

Which of the following statement is correct?
(a) Both the stones reach the bottom at the same time but not with the same speed.
(b) Both the stones reach the bottom with the same speed and stone I reaches the bottom earlier than stone II.
(c) Both the stones reach the bottom with the same speed and stone II reaches the bottom earlier than stone I.
(d) Both the stones reach the bottom at different times and with different speeds.

The answer is the option (c) Both the stones reach the bottom with the same speed and stone II reaches the bottom earlier than stone I.
AB and AC are plains which inclined at angle and . Friction is absent as the plains are assumed to be smooth, which leads to the conservation of mechanical energy.

For both AB and AC,
and

Speed is the same for both stones.
Stone I
Acceleration

Stone II
Acceleration

Now, and hence . So, stone II reaches faster than stone I.

Question:6.8

The answer is the option (b) V = E, K = O
Potential energy at any position,

Total energy of the mass,

Kinetic energy at any position,

Now,
at extremes.
U min = 0 {x=0 at mean}
{x=0 at mean}
K min = 0 {extremes}
Hence, is constant at all times
When particle is at x = xm (mean), KE =0
So, total energy is
So, option b is correct.

Question:6.9

Two identical ball bearings in contact with each other and resting on a frictionless table are hit head-on by another ball bearing of the same mass moving initially with a speed V as shown in Figure.

If the collision is elastic, which of the following (Figure) is a possible result after collision?

The answer is the option (b)
In an elastic collision, the velocities of particles are interchanged while the kinetic energy and total linear momentum are conserved.
Kinetic energy before collision:

Option a) Kinetic energy after the collision:

Option b) Kinetic energy after the collision:

Option c) Kinetic energy after the collision:

Option d) Kinetic energy after the collision:
$\\K_{a}=\frac{1}{2}mv^2+\frac{1}{2}m(\frac{v}{2})^2+\frac{1}{2}m(\frac{v}{3})^2\\\\=\frac{49}{72}mv^2$
Hence, option b is correct.

Question:6.10

The answer is the option (b) 50 J
m = 0.5 kg

now, acceleration
$= ax^{\frac{3}{2}} \frac{d}{dx} ax^{\frac{3}{2}} = ax^{\frac{3}{2}} \times \frac{3}{2} \times ax^{\frac{1}{2}} = \frac{3}{2} a^{2}x^{2}$
Net force =
Work done under the variable force

$= \frac{1}{2}ma^{2} \times 8 = \frac{1}{2} \times (0.5) \times (25) \times 8 = 50 J$

Question:6.11

The answer is the option (b)
= constant
Carrying out dimensional analysis we get,
[F][v] = constant
= constant
= constant

Question:6.12

The answer is the option (d)
On the path where Earth orbits around the sun, the speed of Earth is maximum when its position is closest to the sun, and the speed of Earth is minimum when it is farther away from the sun. Hence, we can conclude that kinetic energy can never be negative or zero. Hence, the graph in option d is correct.

Question:6.13

The answer is the option (c)
The total mechanical energy of a pendulum decreases in a continuous manner when it undergoes oscillatory motion due to the resistance offered by the air. This leads to an exponential decrease in the total mechanical energy of the pendulum. Hence, the graph c is correct, which shows an exponential curve between energy and time.

Question:6.14

The answer is the option (a)
m = 5kg, radius = 1m, f = frequency of revolution = 300 rev/min = 300/60 rev/second
angular velocity = rad/second
now $v = \omega R=10\pi\times1= 10\pi m/s$
kinetic energy
=

Question:6.15

The answer is the option (b)
At the height h, the raindrop will have zero kinetic energy and maximum potential energy. As it starts falling down, the PE starts decreasing, and the KE starts increasing proportionately. When we consider zero air resistance, the total mechanical energy remains conserved. However, if we consider air resistance, then there is an up-thrust which opposes the velocity of the droplet falling down, which makes the velocity constant as the time passes, which is known as terminal velocity. This relation is aptly depicted in graph b, and hence it is the correct option.

Question:6.16

The answer is the option (d) 155.0 J
h = 1.5 m, v = 1 m/s, m = 10 kg, g = 10 ms-2
the initial energy of shot put can be calculated as:

From the law of conservation of energy, we can write that,
(PE + KE) initial = (PE + KE) final
Hence, the final kinetic energy of the shotput: KE final + 0 = 155J
Hence the answer is 155 J

Question:6.17

The answer is the option (b)
The velocity of the iron sphere when free-falling in the lake increases as acceleration due to gravity increases. The up-thrust of the water, however, opposes the motion of the sphere which makes the velocity constant after some time. Hence, in this case, the velocity increases initially and then becomes constant after some time. So, kinetic energy becomes constant, eventually, which is shown in graph b.

Question:6.18

The answer is the option (c)

u =126km/h = 35 m/s
v = -126km/h = -35 m/s
change in momentum =
Force

The negative sign indicates the opposite direction of the force. Hence the force exerted by the batman should be 1.05 x 104 N.

## NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics Solutions Chapter 6 MCQII

Question:6.19

A man, of mass m, standing at the bottom of the staircase, of height L climbs it and stands at its top.
(a) Work done by all forces on man is equal to the rise in potential energy mgL.
(b) Work done by all forces on man is zero.
(c) Work done by the gravitational force on man is mgL.
(d) The reaction force from a step does not do work because the point of application of the force does not move while the force exists.

The answer is the option (b) and (d)
The gravitational force acts in a downward direction. The displacement is labelled L, which is in the upward direction. So, the work done on man due to gravitational force amounts to -mgL. Also, the work is done to lift the man also amounts to the force in the direction of displacement. Hence the net force amounts to -mgL+ mgL = 0. Hence, option (b) is correct.
The displacement at the point where the force acts are zero. Hence, the amount of work done by the force is also zero. So, KE =0 and hence option (d) is correct.

Question:6.20

A bullet of mass m fired at to the horizontal leaves the barrel of the gun with a velocity v. The bullet hits a soft target at a height h above the ground while it is moving downward and emerges out with half the kinetic energy it had before hitting the target.
Which of the following statements are correct in respect of bullet after it emerges out of the target?
(a) The velocity of the bullet will be reduced to half its initial value.
(b) The velocity of the bullet will be more than half of its earlier velocity.
(c) The bullet will continue to move along the same parabolic path.
(d) The bullet will move in a different parabolic path.
(e) The bullet will fall vertically downward after hitting the target.
(f) The internal energy of the particles of the target will increase.

The answer is the option (b), (d), (f)
If we assume KE1 and KE2 to be the kinetic energy of the bullet pre and post target then,

$\frac{1}{2} MV_{2}^{2} =\frac{1}{4} MV_{1}^{2}$

b)
Hence the velocity of the bullet post it has reached the target is greater than the previous velocity. Hence, option b is the correct choice.
d) the path of the bullet will be parabolic as it has horizontal velocity, and the new parabolic path will have both the components (horizontal and vertical). So, after the target it will be a new parabolic path and hence option (d) is correct.
f) the internal energy of the particles of the target will increase, and some parts of the kinetic energy have converted to heat. Hence option f is correct.

Question:6.21

Two blocks and having equal mass are free to move on a horizontal frictionless surface. is attached to a massless spring as shown in Figure. Initially is at rest and is moving toward M2 with speed v and collides head-on with .

(a) While spring is fully compressed all the KE of is stored as PE of spring.
(b) While spring is fully compressed the system momentum is not conserved, though final momentum is equal to initial momentum.
(c) If spring is massless, the final state of the is state of rest.
(d) If the surface on which blocks are moving has friction, then collision cannot be elastic.

The answer is the option (c)
a) the kinetic energy of is not fully transferred to the spring as its potential energy, and hence, the option a is incorrect
b) law of conservation of mass is valid here since the surface is frictionless; hence option b is incorrect.
c) if we consider the case, where the spring is totally massless, then all the kinetic energy of gets transferred to . As a result, m1 comes to rest, and acquires a velocity v and starts moving. Hence, option c is correct.
d) even when the force of friction is not involved, a collision can be inelastic. Hence, we reject option d.

## NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics Solutions Chapter 6 Very Short Answer

Question:6.22

A rough inclined plane is placed on a cart moving with a constant velocity u on horizontal ground. A block of mass M rests on the incline. Is any work done by force of friction between the block and incline? Is there then a dissipation of energy?

The block is in the state of rest on the inclined plane, as shown below.
We have,

Since there is no displacement in the block, the total work is done by f as well as the block amounts to zero. So, no dissipation of energy takes place as the work done is also zero.

Question:6.23

Why is electrical power required at all when the elevator is descending? Why should there be a limit on the number of passengers in this case?

When the elevator is descending, it is a condition of free fall due to the force exerted by gravity. But, in order to control the speed of the elevator and so that it moves at a uniform speed while descending, power is needed. There is a limit on the number of passengers as when the number of passengers increases, more power is required to stop the elevator from the condition of free fall. Since the power of the motor system is limited, the number of passengers which can travel at one time also has a limit.

Question:6.24

A body is being raised to a height h from the surface of earth. What is the sign of work done by
(a) applied force
(b) gravitational force?

When a body is raised to a height h, the force is applied in this case in the direction of displacement of the object.
a) so, the sign of the work done by the force is positive here
work done =
As Fds is positive,
b) the force of gravity always acts in the downward direction. However, the force in our case is being applied in an upward manner. So, the value of
work done = . Hence, here the sign is negative.

Question:6.25

Calculate the work done by a car against gravity in moving along a straight horizontal road. The mass of the car is 400 kg and the distance moved is 2m.

As we know that work done =
The value of in this case, since the horizontal distance travelled is on a perpendicular situation to the force of gravity acting downward.
So, work done =
Hence the car does not do any work against gravity

Question:6.26

A body falls towards earth in air. Will its total mechanical energy be conserved during the fall? Justify.

The mechanical energy of a body is not conserved when the body is under a free-fall condition under the force of gravity. The force of air molecules acts against the motion of the body as in case of free fall, and hence the mechanical energy is not conserved. However, in the case of vacuum as a medium, the free-falling body has no force acting against the motion, and hence the energy is conserved.

Question:6.27

A body is moved along a closed loop. Is the work done in moving the body necessarily zero? If not, state the condition under which work done over a closed path is always zero?

Only when the conservative force acts along the body when it moves in a closed loop. The work done can be zero. However, if a non-conservative force acts on the body when it moves in a loop (for example friction, electrostatic force, etc.), then the work done cannot be zero.

Question:6.28

In an elastic collision of two billiard balls, which of the following quantities remain conserved during the short time of collision of the balls (i.e., when they are in contact).
(a) Kinetic energy.
(b) Total linear momentum?
Give reason for your answer in each case.

In the given case of the question, when two balls collide with each other, both; the Kinetic energy, as well as the total linear momentum, remains conserved. There is no presence of any non-conservative force like friction, electrostatic force, etc. in this case and also the balls do not get deformed upon collision; hence both of them remain conserved. If there is a deformation of the ball then the kinetic energy is not conserved but the total energy is conserved.

Question:6.29

Calculate the power of a crane in watts, which lifts a mass of 100 kg to a height of 10 m in 20s.

We know from the formula that, the power = work done/ time =
F = mgh

h = 10 m
t = 20s
, as the force and the displacement are in the same direction.
Hence, power =

Question:6.30

The average work done by a human heart while it beats once is 0.5J. Calculate the power used by heart if it beats 72 times in a minute.

we know from the formula that, the power = work done/ time
work done by heart in one beat = 0.5J
work done by heart in 72 beats =
time = 1 minute = 60 seconds
so, power used by the heart =

Question:6.31

Give example of a situation in which an applied force does not result in a change in kinetic energy.

We are aware that work done =
Now for the value of work done to be zero, has to be equal to 90, since
So, the direction between the force and the displacement needs to be at an angle of 90 degrees. Hence these situations can have work done to be zero. Some examples can be as follows:
i) A body moving in a horizontal direction in a uniform motion. Here, the work done due to gravity is totally zero.
ii) The case when a body is moving in a circular motion, the total work done is zero

Question:6.32

Two bodies of unequal mass are moving in the same direction with equal kinetic energy. The two bodies are brought to rest by applying retarding force of same magnitude. How would the distance moved by them before coming to rest compare?

The work-energy theorem states that the change in the kinetic energy is equal to the work done by the body. So, we can say that KE = WD.
It is given that
Hence,
So,
Since F1 and F2 are equal, and are also equal.
Hence, irrespective of the mass of the bodies, they travel an equal amount of distance/displacement.

Question:6.33

The centripetal force is provided by the string which moves the object in a circular motion. The tension of the string is balanced by the tangential velocity of the particle. When the string is cut, the centripetal force becomes zero. So, the bob now moves under the influence of gravitational force in the direction of tangential velocity.
a) string cut off at B: tangential velocity in the downward direction, bob moves along the vertical path under the influence of gravity.
b) string cut off at c: bob has a horizontal component of velocity, it moves In half parabolic path.
c) string cut off at x: the component of velocity makes angle θ with the horizontal, bob reaches to a certain height and then adopts a parabolic path.

## NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics Solutions Chapter 6 Short Answer

Question:6.34

The graph above is between kinetic energy and x
As we know from the law of conservation of energy,
E = KE + PE
E = KE + V(x)
KE = E - V(x)
The potential energy is maximum at point A,
PE = E0
Hence, KE = E0 -E0 = 0
At point B,
Let
$KE = E _0- V_{0}$
At point C, PE = 0

Hence, KE = E - V(x) =E0 - 0 =E0
At point D,
$X = x_{2}, KE = E_0$
At point E,
$X = x_{3}, PE = E_0$
Hence, KE = 0
(ii)
The graph is between velocity versus x
Here, KE = -mv

Through point A and F, KE = 0

At point C and D,

KE = E0
Hence $V_{max} = +/- \sqrt{E_0} = V_{0}$
At point B, x = 0 and
So,

Question:6.35

A ball of mass m, moving with a speed , collides inelastically (e > 0) with an identical ball at rest. Show that
(a) For head-on collision, both the balls move forward.
(b) For a general collision, the angle between the two velocities of scattered balls is less than .

a) We assume, v1 and v2 to be the velocities of the balls post the collision takes place. as we know from the law of conservation of momentum,

From given we can infer that,
----------(1)
$E = \frac{V_{2} - V_{1}}{ V_{0} + V_{0}}$
Hence,

Since, e < 1
We can say that direction of V1 is same as V0, which is positive and in the forward direction.
b)

The angle between and is assumed to be θ
From the law of conservation of momentum,
A portion of kinetic energy is lost as heat when the inelastic collision takes place.

hence,
when the angle between and is lesser than 90 degree, the above equation holds true.

Question:6.36

Consider a one-dimensional motion of a particle with total energy E. There are four regions A, B, C, and D in which the relation between potential energy V, kinetic energy (K) and total energy is as given below:
Region A: V > E
Region B: V < E
Region C: K > E
Region D: V > K
State with reason in each case whether a particle can be found in the given region or not.

Total E = V + K --- (1)
K = E - V ---(2)
V = E - K -----(3)
1. Region A: V > E
As V>E
Kinetic energy will be negative according to equation (2)
So, this case is not possible

2. Region B: V < E
If V<E
Then the value of kinetic energy through equation 2 will be positive.
Hence, this case is possible

3.Region C: K > E
In this case, through equation 3, the value of V will become negative.
Hence, this case is not possible.

4.Region D: V > K
This case is possible; hence, potential energy value can be greater than the value of kinetic energy according to the situation.

Question:6.37

The bob A of a pendulum released from horizontal to the vertical hits another bob B of the same mass at rest on a table as shown in the figure. If the length of the pendulum is 1 m, calculate
a) the height to which bob A will rise after collision
b) the speed with which bob B starts moving.
Neglect the size of the bobs and assume the collision to be elastic.

a) when the bob which is in motion collides with the bob at rest, it transfers the momentum and comes to a state of rest. When the position of B is reached by bob A, kinetic energy is obtained by A as a result of the conversion of potential energy. This happens as the momentum is transferred due to elastic collision. So, bob A will not rise.
b)

PE at A1 is equal to kinetic energy at A2 which is equal to kinetic energy at B1
So,

$V_{b} = \sqrt{2g\times 1} = 4.42 m/s$

Question:6.38

A raindrop of mass 1.00 g falling from a height of 1 km hits the ground with a speed of 50 m/s. Calculate
a) the loss of PE of the drop
b) the gain in KE of the drop
c) is the gain in KE equal to loss of PE? If not why?

M = 0.001 kg
H = 1 km, v= 50 m/s, u =0
a) potential energy at highest point of drop

b) Gain in kinetic energy

c) as we can infer, the gain in KE is not equal to the loss in PE as there some energy lost due to resistance.

Question:6.39

PE(A) = 0, PE(B) = E, KE(A) = KE(B) = 0
These are the initial values when the bobs are at rest. After this, the bobs are released.

when B reaches A, both the bobs collide elastically,
so, KE(A) = 0, KE(B) = E, PE(A) = PE(B)=0

A will reach at the highest point or at maximum height. And, B is at its lowest point
KE(A) = 0, KE(B) = 0, PE(A) =E, PE(B)=0

bob A hits bob B. Bob A comes to rest and Bob B starts moving
KE(A) = 0, KE(B) = E, PE(A) =0, PE(B)=0
Ea = 0, Eb = E

B will reach at the highest point or at maximum height. And, A is at its lowest point
KE(A) = 0, KE(B) = 0, PE(A) =0, PE(B)=E

Question:6.40

Suppose the average mass of raindrops is and their average terminal velocity 9 m/s. Calculate the energy transferred by rain to each square meter of the surface at a place which receives 100 cm of rain in a year.

Rain transfers its kinetic energy to the earth equal to
Velocity of rain= 9m/s
Mass = volume/density

So, total energy transferred by rain fall =
= 40500 J

Question:6.41

An engine is attached to a wagon through a shock absorber of length 1.5 m. The system with a total mass of 50,000 kg is moving with a speed of 36 km/h when the brakes are applied to bring it to rest. In the process of the system being brought to rest, the spring of the shock absorber gets compressed by 1.0 m. If 90% of the energy of the wagon is lost due to friction, calculate the spring constant.

Kinetic energy is equal to

m = 50,000 kg, v = 10m/s
so,
now, as we know that 90% of the kinetic energy is lost as a result of friction brakes. Hence, only 10% of KE is transferred to spring.
So, the kinetic energy of spring would be

Here, x = 1m
Hence, K = 500000 J

Question:6.43

On complete combustion a litre of petrol gives off heat equivalent to J. In a test drive a car weighing 1200 kg, including the mass of driver, runs 15 km per litre while moving with a uniform speed on a surface and air to be uniform, calculate the force of friction acting on the car during the test drive, if the efficiency of the car engine were 0.5.

Car engine’s efficiency = 0.5
So, energy given to car through petrol of 1 litre
Now, the work done by car is
As we know that the work done by car is against the force of friction, hence equating both can give us the value of friction.

F = 1000 N

## NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics Solutions Chapter 6 Long Answer

Question:6.44

A block of mass 1 kg is pushed up a surface inclined to horizontal at an angle of by a force of 10 N parallel to the inclined surface. The coefficient of friction between block and the incline is 0.1. If the block is pushed up by 10 m along the incline, calculate
a) work done against gravity
b) work done against force of friction
c) increase in potential energy
d) increase in kinetic energy
e) work done by applied force

Mass = 1 kg, = 30, F = 10 N, d = 10m
(a) work done against gravity
= mgh

Work done
(b)
Work done against force of friction $= \mu f.s = \mu mg \cos \theta \times s$

(c) increase in potential energy
This value is equal to the work done against gravity, which we have calculated above in part a. hence, the increase in potential energy = 50J
(d) increase in kinetic energy
= work done $= -mgh + F_s - f_s$

(e) work done by applied force.

Question:6.45

(a) For which ball is total mechanical energy conserved?
For balls 1 and 3, the total mechanical energy is conserved. In the case of ball 1, it rolls down without slipping and hence no force of friction acts against its motion and no energy is dissipated. In the case of ball 3, it has negligible friction, and hence, there is no loss of energy which leads to the conservation of mechanical energy.
(b) Which ball (s) can reach D?
Ball 1 slips due to its acquired rotational energy on the frictionless surface. Ball 2 loses its energy due to friction. Hence, it does not reach C.
(c) For balls which do not reach D, which of the balls can reach back A?
As we saw, balls 1 and 2 do not reach C, and hence they also don’t reach D.
Ball 3 has negligible friction and hence can reach D. for balls 1 and 2, no of them can reach back at A.

Question:6.46

A rocket accelerates straight up by ejecting gas downwards. In a small time interval , it ejects a gas of mass at a relative speed u. Calculate KE of the entire system at and t and show that the device that ejects gas does work in this time interval.

We assume the mass of the rocket at any time to be m.
Let velocity of rocket be v
Mass of gas ejected in time t can be Δm
$(KE) _{t+ \Delta t} = \frac{1}{2} ( M- \Delta m) (v + \Delta v)^{2} + \frac{1}{2} \Delta m (v-u)^2$

When we neglect small terms we get,

In accordance with newton’s third law,
Reaction upward force on the rocket is equal to action force by burning of gases in downward direction

Substituting this value, we get,

As we know from work-energy theorem, = work done
We have, work done =

Question:6.47

The kinetic energies of the cubes when they collide, converts into potential energy.
From the hooks law we know that, stress α strain
Y = stress/strain
$Y=\frac{FL}{A\Delta L}$
$F=\frac{ AY \Delta L}{L} = LY\Delta L$
Work done =
Kinetic energy

As WD=KE,

Question:6.48

A balloon filled with helium rises against gravity increasing its potential energy. The speed of the balloon also increases as it rises. How do you reconcile this with the law of conservation of mechanical energy? You can neglect viscous drag of air and assume that density of air is constant.

The net buoyant force in this case = vpg
= vol of air displaced x net density in upward direction x g
= V (p(air) - p(He)) g

If we assume a to be acceleration in upward direction,
Ma = V (p(air) - p(He)) g --------- (1)
{p(air) - density of air
P(He) - density of helium}
m dv/dt = V (p(air) - p(He)) g
m dv = V (p(air) - p(He)) g. dt
when we integrate both sides,
mv = V (p(air) - p(He)) g. t
v = V/m (p(air) - p(He)) g.t
kinetic energy of balloon,
$\frac{1}{2}mv^{2} = \frac{1}{2} \frac{V^{2}}{m} (p(air) - p(He))^{2} g^{2}t^{2}$-------------(2)
Let the balloon rise to height h,
a = V/m (p(air) - p(He)) g

h= V/2m (p(air) - p(He)) gt2 ---------------- (3)
on rearranging the terms from the three equations we get,

$\frac{1}{2}mv^{2} + p(He)Vgh = p(air)Vgh$
KE of balloon + PE of balloon = the change in potential energy in air
So, we can conclude that when the balloon goes up, an equal volume of air is displaced downwards. The PE and KE of the balloon keep increasing as the PE of air is changing.

From the point of doubts and understanding, students can take the help of NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics solutions chapter 6 PDF download, prepared by experts, will help them clear their difficulties.

Also, read NCERT Class 11 Physics Syllabus

For the students to solve their queries regarding the chapter and understand concepts easily. NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics chapter 6 solutions PDF download, can be done by the students to easily score marks in their examinations of NEET and JEE Main.

NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics chapter 6 solution includes the following topics.

## Main Subtopics in NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics Solutions Chapter 6 Work, Energy, and Power

• 6.1 Introduction
• 6.2 Notions of work and kinetic energy: The work-energy theorem
• 6.3 Work
• 6.4 Kinetic energy
• 6.5 Work done by a variable force
• 6.6 The work-energy theorem for a variable force
• 6.7 The concept of potential energy
• 6.8 The conservation of mechanical energy
• 6.9 The potential energy of a spring
• 6.10 Various forms of energy: the law of conservation of energy
• 6.11 Power
• 6.12 Collisions

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## What Will The Students Learn in NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics Solutions Chapter 6?

The students, with the help of NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics chapter 6 solutions, will learn about an important concept of physics stating the inter-relation of energy, work, and power. Kinetic energy is said to be the motion of objects, the chapter and solution both cover the topic. Newton’s third law, i.e. law of conservation of energy, with practical explanation, is explained based on mechanical forces and its relativity to constant. Learning about collisions forces, how two or more forces exert each other, even for a short period, is taught here. The NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics solutions chapter 6 are said to be simpler in terms of understanding and grasping knowledge.

## NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Solutions

 NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Mathematics Solutions NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Chemistry Solutions NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics Solutions NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Biology Solutions

## NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics Solutions Chapter-Wise

 Chapter 2 Units and Measurement Chapter 3 Motion in a Straight Line Chapter 4 Motion in a Plane Chapter 5 Laws of Motion Chapter 7 Systems of Particles and Rotational Motion Chapter 8 Gravitation Chapter 9 Mechanical Properties of Solids Chapter 10 Mechanical Properties of Fluids Chapter 11 Thermal Properties of Matter Chapter 12 Thermodynamics Chapter 13 Kinetic Theory Chapter 14 Oscillations Chapter 15 Waves

## Important Topics To Cover For Exams From NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics Solutions Chapter 6 Work, Energy, and Power

There are certain students who learn important topics whose concepts need to be cleared.

· NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics chapter 6 solution will help the students understand the difference between energy, work and power, along with their correlation.

· The famous topic of kinetic energy, about how this energy is the work of the net force of the body. It shows how the working of the body forms this energy.

· The chapter covers the functioning of the mechanical energy of the body, by how if the forces of the body were conservative, then only our mechanical energy would be constant- law of conservation of energy.

· The scalar quantity is also explained in NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics solutions chapter 6 where it clears the differentiation of positive and negative scalar quantities. It shows how doing work is a scalar quantity.

· Collisions are the two or more exerting forces, on each other for a relatively short period, is very well explained in the chapter.

### Check Class 11 Physics Chapter-wise Solutions

 Chapter 1 Physical world Chapter 2 Units and Measurement Chapter 3 Motion in a straight line Chapter 4 Motion in a Plane Chapter 5 Laws of Motion Chapter 6 Work, Energy and Power Chapter 7 System of Particles and Rotational motion Chapter 8 Gravitation Chapter 9 Mechanical Properties of Solids Chapter 10 Mechanical Properties of Fluids Chapter 11 Thermal Properties of Matter Chapter 12 Thermodynamics Chapter 13 Kinetic Theory Chapter 14 Oscillations Chapter 15 Waves

### Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. How many questions have been answered in the NCERT?

A collaboration of 44 questions has been answered in the chapter. The questions are of MCQ, short answer and long answer type.

2. Why should we be relying on NCERT solutions

Prepared by the experts over the subject, NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics solutions Chapter 6 will make concepts and doubts of these chapters easy to understand.

3. Does the solution comprise all the required topics?

The NCERT exemplar solutions for class 11 Physics chapter 6 will consist of all the important, required topics for better learning. Questions based on all the main topicsof chapter 6 physics are covered here.

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