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NCERT Class 11 Biology Chapter 13 Notes Photosynthesis In Higher Plants - Download PDF Notes

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NCERT Class 11 Biology Chapter 13 Notes Photosynthesis In Higher Plants - Download PDF Notes

Edited By Irshad Anwar | Updated on Feb 09, 2024 01:01 PM IST

Photosynthesis in Higher Plants is a very important chapter of the NCERT Photosynthesis in Higher Plants from an exam point of view. The NCERT Class 11 Biology Chapter 13 notes give you a fundamental idea about how photosynthesis takes place, as given in Chapter Photosynthesis in Higher Plants. The NCERT chapter 13 Photosynthesis in Higher Plants discusses the complete process of photosynthesis and all the steps involved in it. The main topics covered in NCERT Class 11 Biology notes are definition, early experiments done for photosynthesis, where does photosynthesis take place, types of pigments involved in photosynthesis, what is light reaction, the electron transport, splitting of water, Cyclic and Non-cyclic Photo-phosphorylation, chemiosmotic hypothesis, about ATP and NADPs, the Calvin Cycle, the C4 pathway, photorespiration, and factors affecting photosynthesis. Download the CBSE Notes for Class 11 Biology, Chapter 13, PDF to use offline anywhere. Students must go through each topic in the photosynthesis in higher plants in Class 11 Notes Biology in the easiest and most effective way possible with the help of NCERT Notes for Class 11.

Class 11 Biology chapter 13 notes also cover all the important concepts related to this chapter, which are crucial for various competitive exams. Photosynthesis in Higher Plants NCERT Notes for Class 11 Biology help you revise these important concepts given in the NCERT Book in a short period of time during CBSE Board exam preparation. CBSE Class 11 Biology Chapter 13 notes will help you with quick revision. The Photosynthesis in Higher Plants chapter covers all headings of NCERT. CBSE Class 11 Biology chapter 13 notes also contain important examples that have been frequently asked in the various exams. Having revision notes and NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 13 handy save you time.The NCERT Class 11 notes pdf can be downloaded through the link given below.

Also, students can refer,

NCERT Class 11 Chapter 13 Class Notes

Photosynthesis in Higher Plants

Definition of photosynthesis: It is a vital process in plants, algae, and some bacteria that converts light energy into chemical energy stored in the form of glucose. Photosynthesis in plants generally involves the green pigment chlorophyll and generates oxygen as a by-product. During photosynthesis, plants absorb CO₂. The overall chemical equation for photosynthesis can be represented as follows:

6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + light energy → C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6 O₂

In other words, this equation can be described as the conversion of carbon dioxide and water, in the presence of light energy, into glucose and oxygen.

  • Class 11 Photosynthesis in Higher Plants notes inform us that all animals on this planet, including humans, depend on plants for their food.
  • Green plants synthesise the food they need, and all other organisms depend on them to fulfil their energy needs.
  • The green plants make food that they need through photosynthesis, and since they prepare their food on their own, they are therefore called autotrophs. Only plants exhibit autotrophic nutrition.
  • Photosynthesis in Higher plants Class 11 notes also give you two major reasons for highlighting the importance of photosynthesis:. They are the primary source of food on earth, and they also release oxygen into the atmosphere.
  • Heterotrophs are species that rely on green plants for nutrition, including humans.
  • Photosynthesis is a Physio-chemical process in which plants utilise the sun's light energy to fuel the synthesis of organic molecules such as glucose.
  • Ultimately, all living forms on earth depend on sunlight for energy.
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This chapter explores the photosynthetic machinery's structure as well as the numerous processes that turn sunlight's light energy into chemical energy.

What Do We Already Know?

  • We already know that three components, which are chlorophyll, which is the green-coloured pigment of leaves, light, and carbon dioxide are required for photosynthesis to occur.
  • In earlier classes, we also did some experiments where one leaf was partially covered with black paper, and then the other way posed to light.
  • On testing leaves for the presence of starch, it is proved that photosynthesis occurred only in the green parts of the leaves of that plant that was exposed to sunlight thus showing the importance of sunlight.
  • Another experiment that can be carried out is, if a part of a leaf of a plant is enclosed in a test tube containing some KOH solution soaked in cotton (KOH absorbs CO2), while the other half is exposed to air.
  • The arrangement is then exposed to light for a period of time.
  • Later, when the two halves of the leaf were tested for the presence of starch, it was discovered that the exposed part of the leaf that was exposed to CO2 tested positive for starch while the half that was in the tube tested negative.
  • This proves that CO2 is necessary for photosynthesis.

Early Experiments

  • In 1774 Joseph Priestly discovered oxygen and based on the experiments he hypothesised: Plants restore to the air whatever breathing animals and burning candles remove

1646805102998

An experiment performed by Joseph Priestly

  • In 1854 Julius von Sachs determined that the green parts in plants are where glucose is made and glucose is generally saved as starch.
  • T.W. Engelmann (1843–1909) conducted a remarkable experiment.
  • He separated light into its spectrum components using a prism and then lighted a green alga called Cladophora that was suspended in an anaerobic bacteria solution.
  • The microorganisms were employed to find out where O2 evolved. He discovered that germs gathered mostly in the split spectrum's blue and red light regions.
  • As a result, the first photosynthesis action spectrum was defined. It mimics the absorption spectra of chlorophyll a and b in appearance. The whole photosynthetic process for oxygen-evolving organisms was then represented by the empirical equation:

1646805102232

where [CH2O] represents a carbohydrate (e.g., glucose, a six-carbon sugar).

  • A milestone contribution to the understanding of photosynthesis was made by microbiologist Cornelius van Neill who based on his considers of purple and green microbes, illustrated that photosynthesis is a light-dependent response in which H2 from a suitable hydrogen compound i.e. H2O reduces carbon dioxide to carbohydrates.

that can be given as,

1646805102534

  • In green plants, H2O is the H2 giver and is oxidized to O2. A few life forms don't discharge O2 during photosynthesis.
  • When H2S is the Hydrogen donor for purple and green sulfur microbes, the 'oxidation' item is sulphur/Sulphate.
  • Hence, it's concluded that O2 evolved by plants(green) comes from H2O and not from CO2.

Thus, the equation of photosynthesis can be given as :

1646805101806

Site of Photosynthesis ( Where does PHOTOSYNTHESIS take place?)

  • Photosynthesis takes place in the green leaves of plants, particularly in the chloroplast of their mesophyll.

1646805102691

  • The membrane system is in charge of capturing solar energy as well as ATP and NADPH production; the reactions or sets of reactions involved are light-driven and are therefore called light reactions.
  • In the stroma, enzymes are responsible for taking CO2 and leading to the synthesis of sugar, which in turn forms starch. The reactions are not directly light-driven but dependent on the products of light reactions, i.e. ATP and NADPH, and are called Dark reactions

How Many Types of Pigments Are Involved in Photosynthesis?

  • There are four pigments in leaves: chlorophyll-a of bright or blue-green colour, chlorophyll-b of yellow-green, xanthophylls of yellow colour, and carotenoids of yellow-to yellow-orange colour.

1646805103344

Leaves show different colour pigments

We can conclude that chlorophyll is the chief pigment associated with photosynthesis.

What Is Light Reaction?

  • It includes light absorption, water splitting, oxygen release, and the formation of high-energy chemicals, i.e., ATP and NADPH.
  • Several complexes, viz., LHC, light-harvesting complexes, in which pigments are present are in Photosystem 1 (PS1) and Photosystem 2 (PS2). These are named in the order of their discovery.
  • Each photosystem has all the pigments except chlorophyll a and forms an LHS called antennae.
  • The single-molecule chlorophyll-a forms the reaction centre.
  • PS 1 has an absorption peak at 700 nm, which is referred to as P700, whereas PS 2 has an absorption peak at 680 nm, which is referred to as P680.

The Electron Transport

  • In PS2, LHC receives the light of 680 nanometers that results in the excitation of electrons, and thus they jump out of their orbit and are received by an electron acceptor that then passes it to the electron transport system.
  • Electrons are not used up and are passed to pigments of PS1 With simultaneous excitation of electrons in PS1, because of the 700 nanometer absorption of light, these electrons are passed to a molecule of energy, NADP+, resulting in the formation of NADPH and H+.

1646805102404

Electron transport showing Z scheme

This scheme is known as the Z scheme

Splitting of Water

  • The electrons that were moved from Photosystem 2 are replaced by the splitting of H2O. This creates oxygen, that is a product of photosynthesis.

2H2O ⟶ 4 H+ + O2 + 4e-

  • The electrons needed to replace those removed from PS 1 are provided by PS 2.
  • This splitting of H2O is associated with PS 2.

Cyclic and Non-Cyclic Photophosphorylation

  • Photophosphorylation is the synthesis of ATP from ADP and Pi in the presence of light. when PS 2 and then PS 1 act in series, non-cyclic photophosphorylation occurs; both ATP and NADPH are synthesised here, whereas
  • When only PS 1 is functional, the electron is circulated within PS 1, and phosphorylation occurs due to the cyclic flow of electrons. It takes place in stroma lamellae. It lacks the NADP reductase enzyme; here, the synthesis of ATP takes place but not of NADPH and H+.

1646805102092

Electron transport system in PS1

  • It also occurs when only light off wavelength beyond 680 nanometers are available

Chemiosmotic Hypothesis

  • The ATP synthase enzyme is made up of two parts: the F0 is introduced into the thylakoid layer and produces a transmembrane channel that allows protons to diffuse across the layer quite easily.
  • The other half, known as F1, is located on the stroma-facing side of the thylakoid membrane's exterior surface.
  • The breakdown of the gradient provides enough energy to trigger a conformational shift in the ATP synthase's F1 moiety, causing the enzyme to synthesise multiple molecules of ATP.
  • A membrane, a proton pump, a proton angle, and ATP synthase are all required for chemiosmosis.
  • Energy is used to pump protons over a membrane to make a gradient or a high concentration of protons inside the thylakoid lumen.
  • ATP synthase incorporates a channel that permits the release of protons back over the membrane; this releases sufficient energy to enact the ATP synthase chemical that catalyses the arrangement of ATP. Along with the NADPH created by the development of electrons.

Where Are The ATP And NADPH Used?

  • These are utilized in a dark reaction called the biosynthetic phase of photosynthesis, as the synthesis of food takes place here.
  • During World War II, Melvin Calvin discovered that the first carbon dioxide fixation product was a three-carbon organic acid called 3-phosphoglyceric acid, or PGA; hence, it was called the Calvin cycle.

1646805101650

C3: First CO2 fixation product is 3-C containing, PGA.

C4: First CO2 fixation product is 4-C containing OAA

The Primary Acceptor of CO2:.

In C3 plants, it's 5-C containing RuBP (ribulose bisphosphate) that combines with CO2 to produce sucrose.

The Calvin Cycle

1646805102844

i) Carboxylation: Here, carbon dioxide is utilised for the decarboxylation of RuBP which results in two molecules of 3-PGA in the presence of an enzyme named RuBP carboxylase-oxygenase, or RuBisCO, having infinity for both carbon dioxide and oxygen.

ii) Reduction: Two molecules of ATP are required for phosphorylation, and two molecules of NADPH are required for the reduction of carbon dioxide. The fixation of six molecules of carbon dioxide and six turns of cycles are required.

iii) Regeneration: Regeneration of carbon dioxide acceptor molecule RuBP requires one ATP for phosphorylation to form RuBP

In

Out

Six Carbon dioxide

One glucose

18 ATP

18 ADP + 18Pi

12 NADPH

12 NADP

The C4 Pathway

  • These have two kinds of cells: mesophyll and vascular bundles.
  • The large cells around vascular bundles are called bundle sheath cells, and leaves are set to have kranz anatomy.
  • Bundle sheath cells may have several layers containing chloroplasts and are impervious to gaseous exchange.
  • The primary carbon dioxide acceptor is the three-carbon molecule phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) is present in the mesophyll cells.
  • The enzyme responsible is PEP carboxylase or PEP case; here, the RuBisCO enzyme is absent.
  • Here, C4 acid OAA is formed, which then forms malic acid/aspartic acid in mesophyll itself and then transported to bundle sheath cells, where C4 acids are broken down to release carbon dioxide and a three-carbon molecule.
  • Again, it is transported to mesophyll, where it forms PEP again, thus completing the cycle.

1646805103156

Hatch and slack cycle

The carbon dioxide released in the bundle sheath cells enters the C3/Calvin pathway, which is common to all plants, whether C3 or C4. The bundle sheath cells are rich in the enzyme RuBisCO but lack PEPcase. As bundle sheath cells are impermeable to carbon dioxide gas, their concentration increases.

Photorespiration

  • RuBisCO, which is the most abundant enzyme in the world, is characterised by the fact that it can bind with O2 as well as CO2.

1646805101481

  • In C3 plants, some O2 binds with RuBisCO resulting in the formation of phosphoglycerate and phosphoglycolate in a pathway called photorespiration. In this pathway, there is no synthesis of sugar and ATP/NADPH therefore it's called a wasteful process
  • In C4 plants, photorespiration does not occur; therefore, they have more productivity.

Factors Affecting Photosynthesis

  • The rate of photosynthesis depends on both internal and external factors.
  • Internal factors like the number, size, age, Orientation of leaves, chloroplasts, etc., and internal factors like CO2 concentration, Temperature, water, etc.
  • When several factors affect any biochemical process, Blackman's (1905) Law of Limiting Factors comes into effect, i.e., if a chemical process is influenced by more than one factor at that point, its rate will be decided by the factor that is closest to its minimal value, which is called the limiting factor. It's the figure that specifically influences the method if the amount is changed.

Light

  • Light is used as 10% of incident sunlight. At low intensity, it's directly proportional to CO2 fixation.
  • At higher intensities, other factors become limiting.
  • An increase in light beyond a limit causes the breakdown of chlorophyll and, thus, a decrease in photosynthesis.

Carbon Dioxide Concentration

  • It's the major limiting factor, as carbon dioxide is very low in the atmosphere, ranging from 0.03% to 0.04%, increase in concentration up to 0.05% can cause an increase in the rate of photosynthesis

Temperature

  • The dark reactions that are enzymatic are temperature-controlled.
  • C4 plants respond to higher temperatures, and they also show higher rates of photosynthesis, whereas C3 plants are found to show a lower temperature optimum.

Water

  • Water stress causes the stomata to close, thereby reducing carbon dioxide availability, and it makes leaves wilt, thereby reducing surface area.

Chapter-Wise NCERT Class 11 Notes Biology

Significance of NCERT Class 11 Biology Chapter 13 Notes:

Class 11 Biology chapter 13 notes will assist you in revising the chapter and gaining an understanding of the main subjects addressed. These class 11 Photosynthesis in Higher Plants notes are also beneficial for covering the main themes of the CBSE Biology Syllabus in Class 11 as well as for competitive exams such as AIPMT, AIIMS, NEET, and others. The Class 11 Biology chapter 13 notes pdf download can be utilised for offline preparation.

Subject Wise NCERT Exemplar Solutions

Subject Wise NCERT Solutions

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. Can C3 and C4 plants be differentiated from outside?

photosynthesis in Higher plants Class 11 notes state that by looking at a plant it can't be told whether a plant is C3 or C4. It can be told after seeing its anatomy. We can distinguish between C3 and C4 plants by their areas of growth also.

2. Why are C4 plants highly productive?

In accordance with CBSE class 11 Biology chapter 13 notes, This is so because the bundle sheath cells of these C4 plants are impervious to gas-like CO2 and thus there is a huge concentration of CO2 at that place RuBisCO combines with that CO2 to reduce it and form food.

3. Differentiate between the C3 pathway and the C4 pathway according to NCERT Class 13 Biology chapter 13 notes.


C3 pathway

C4 pathway

  1. The first Carbon dioxide fixation product is PGA

  1. The first Carbon dioxide fixation product is OAA

  1. Photorespiration takes place

2. Photorespiration does not take place

  1. Productivity is thus less

3. Productivity is thus more.


4. Differentiate between the anatomy of C3 and C4 plants as per NCERT notes for Class 11 Biology Chapter 13.

Ans:- 

Anatomy of C3

Anatomy of C4

  1. Vascular bundles are not having layers of cells

  1. Vascular bundles are having a layer of cells called bundle sheath cells

  1. mesophyll lack PEP

2. Mesophyll lack RuBisCO

  1. Vascular bundles lack RuBisCO

3. Vascular bundle lack PEP


5. RuBisCO is an enzyme that acts both as a carboxylase and oxygenase. Why does it carry out more Carboxylation in C4 plants?

According to Photosynthesis in Higher plants Class 11 notes, This is so because vascular bundles are having bundle sheath cells that are impervious to Carbon dioxide.

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The audiologist career involves audiology professionals who are responsible to treat hearing loss and proactively preventing the relevant damage. Individuals who opt for a career as an audiologist use various testing strategies with the aim to determine if someone has a normal sensitivity to sounds or not. After the identification of hearing loss, a hearing doctor is required to determine which sections of the hearing are affected, to what extent they are affected, and where the wound causing the hearing loss is found. As soon as the hearing loss is identified, the patients are provided with recommendations for interventions and rehabilitation such as hearing aids, cochlear implants, and appropriate medical referrals. While audiology is a branch of science that studies and researches hearing, balance, and related disorders.

3 Jobs Available
Oncologist

An oncologist is a specialised doctor responsible for providing medical care to patients diagnosed with cancer. He or she uses several therapies to control the cancer and its effect on the human body such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and biopsy. An oncologist designs a treatment plan based on a pathology report after diagnosing the type of cancer and where it is spreading inside the body.

3 Jobs Available
Anatomist

Are you searching for an ‘Anatomist job description’? An Anatomist is a research professional who applies the laws of biological science to determine the ability of bodies of various living organisms including animals and humans to regenerate the damaged or destroyed organs. If you want to know what does an anatomist do, then read the entire article, where we will answer all your questions.

2 Jobs Available
Actor

For an individual who opts for a career as an actor, the primary responsibility is to completely speak to the character he or she is playing and to persuade the crowd that the character is genuine by connecting with them and bringing them into the story. This applies to significant roles and littler parts, as all roles join to make an effective creation. Here in this article, we will discuss how to become an actor in India, actor exams, actor salary in India, and actor jobs. 

4 Jobs Available
Acrobat

Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

3 Jobs Available
Video Game Designer

Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages.

Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

3 Jobs Available
Radio Jockey

Radio Jockey is an exciting, promising career and a great challenge for music lovers. If you are really interested in a career as radio jockey, then it is very important for an RJ to have an automatic, fun, and friendly personality. If you want to get a job done in this field, a strong command of the language and a good voice are always good things. Apart from this, in order to be a good radio jockey, you will also listen to good radio jockeys so that you can understand their style and later make your own by practicing.

A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.

3 Jobs Available
Choreographer

The word “choreography" actually comes from Greek words that mean “dance writing." Individuals who opt for a career as a choreographer create and direct original dances, in addition to developing interpretations of existing dances. A Choreographer dances and utilises his or her creativity in other aspects of dance performance. For example, he or she may work with the music director to select music or collaborate with other famous choreographers to enhance such performance elements as lighting, costume and set design.

2 Jobs Available
Social Media Manager

A career as social media manager involves implementing the company’s or brand’s marketing plan across all social media channels. Social media managers help in building or improving a brand’s or a company’s website traffic, build brand awareness, create and implement marketing and brand strategy. Social media managers are key to important social communication as well.

2 Jobs Available
Photographer

Photography is considered both a science and an art, an artistic means of expression in which the camera replaces the pen. In a career as a photographer, an individual is hired to capture the moments of public and private events, such as press conferences or weddings, or may also work inside a studio, where people go to get their picture clicked. Photography is divided into many streams each generating numerous career opportunities in photography. With the boom in advertising, media, and the fashion industry, photography has emerged as a lucrative and thrilling career option for many Indian youths.

2 Jobs Available
Producer

An individual who is pursuing a career as a producer is responsible for managing the business aspects of production. They are involved in each aspect of production from its inception to deception. Famous movie producers review the script, recommend changes and visualise the story. 

They are responsible for overseeing the finance involved in the project and distributing the film for broadcasting on various platforms. A career as a producer is quite fulfilling as well as exhaustive in terms of playing different roles in order for a production to be successful. Famous movie producers are responsible for hiring creative and technical personnel on contract basis.

2 Jobs Available
Copy Writer

In a career as a copywriter, one has to consult with the client and understand the brief well. A career as a copywriter has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. Several new mediums of advertising are opening therefore making it a lucrative career choice. Students can pursue various copywriter courses such as Journalism, Advertising, Marketing Management. Here, we have discussed how to become a freelance copywriter, copywriter career path, how to become a copywriter in India, and copywriting career outlook. 

5 Jobs Available
Vlogger

In a career as a vlogger, one generally works for himself or herself. However, once an individual has gained viewership there are several brands and companies that approach them for paid collaboration. It is one of those fields where an individual can earn well while following his or her passion. 

Ever since internet costs got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, a career as a vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the Vlogger eligibility, roles and responsibilities then continue reading the article. 

3 Jobs Available
Publisher

For publishing books, newspapers, magazines and digital material, editorial and commercial strategies are set by publishers. Individuals in publishing career paths make choices about the markets their businesses will reach and the type of content that their audience will be served. Individuals in book publisher careers collaborate with editorial staff, designers, authors, and freelance contributors who develop and manage the creation of content.

3 Jobs Available
Journalist

Careers in journalism are filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. As it is the small details that provide insights into a story. Depending on those insights a journalist goes about writing a news article. A journalism career can be stressful at times but if you are someone who is passionate about it then it is the right choice for you. If you want to know more about the media field and journalist career then continue reading this article.

3 Jobs Available
Editor

Individuals in the editor career path is an unsung hero of the news industry who polishes the language of the news stories provided by stringers, reporters, copywriters and content writers and also news agencies. Individuals who opt for a career as an editor make it more persuasive, concise and clear for readers. In this article, we will discuss the details of the editor's career path such as how to become an editor in India, editor salary in India and editor skills and qualities.

3 Jobs Available
Reporter

Individuals who opt for a career as a reporter may often be at work on national holidays and festivities. He or she pitches various story ideas and covers news stories in risky situations. Students can pursue a BMC (Bachelor of Mass Communication), B.M.M. (Bachelor of Mass Media), or MAJMC (MA in Journalism and Mass Communication) to become a reporter. While we sit at home reporters travel to locations to collect information that carries a news value.  

2 Jobs Available
Corporate Executive

Are you searching for a Corporate Executive job description? A Corporate Executive role comes with administrative duties. He or she provides support to the leadership of the organisation. A Corporate Executive fulfils the business purpose and ensures its financial stability. In this article, we are going to discuss how to become corporate executive.

2 Jobs Available
Multimedia Specialist

A multimedia specialist is a media professional who creates, audio, videos, graphic image files, computer animations for multimedia applications. He or she is responsible for planning, producing, and maintaining websites and applications. 

2 Jobs Available
Welding Engineer

Welding Engineer Job Description: A Welding Engineer work involves managing welding projects and supervising welding teams. He or she is responsible for reviewing welding procedures, processes and documentation. A career as Welding Engineer involves conducting failure analyses and causes on welding issues. 

5 Jobs Available
QA Manager
4 Jobs Available
Quality Controller

A quality controller plays a crucial role in an organisation. He or she is responsible for performing quality checks on manufactured products. He or she identifies the defects in a product and rejects the product. 

A quality controller records detailed information about products with defects and sends it to the supervisor or plant manager to take necessary actions to improve the production process.

3 Jobs Available
Production Manager
3 Jobs Available
Product Manager

A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  

3 Jobs Available
QA Lead

A QA Lead is in charge of the QA Team. The role of QA Lead comes with the responsibility of assessing services and products in order to determine that he or she meets the quality standards. He or she develops, implements and manages test plans. 

2 Jobs Available
Structural Engineer

A Structural Engineer designs buildings, bridges, and other related structures. He or she analyzes the structures and makes sure the structures are strong enough to be used by the people. A career as a Structural Engineer requires working in the construction process. It comes under the civil engineering discipline. A Structure Engineer creates structural models with the help of computer-aided design software. 

2 Jobs Available
Process Development Engineer

The Process Development Engineers design, implement, manufacture, mine, and other production systems using technical knowledge and expertise in the industry. They use computer modeling software to test technologies and machinery. An individual who is opting career as Process Development Engineer is responsible for developing cost-effective and efficient processes. They also monitor the production process and ensure it functions smoothly and efficiently.

2 Jobs Available
QA Manager
4 Jobs Available
AWS Solution Architect

An AWS Solution Architect is someone who specializes in developing and implementing cloud computing systems. He or she has a good understanding of the various aspects of cloud computing and can confidently deploy and manage their systems. He or she troubleshoots the issues and evaluates the risk from the third party. 

4 Jobs Available
Azure Administrator

An Azure Administrator is a professional responsible for implementing, monitoring, and maintaining Azure Solutions. He or she manages cloud infrastructure service instances and various cloud servers as well as sets up public and private cloud systems. 

4 Jobs Available
Computer Programmer

Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover include wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech enthusiasts. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word-processing applications and browsers.

3 Jobs Available
Product Manager

A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  

3 Jobs Available
Information Security Manager

Individuals in the information security manager career path involves in overseeing and controlling all aspects of computer security. The IT security manager job description includes planning and carrying out security measures to protect the business data and information from corruption, theft, unauthorised access, and deliberate attack 

3 Jobs Available
ITSM Manager
3 Jobs Available
Automation Test Engineer

An Automation Test Engineer job involves executing automated test scripts. He or she identifies the project’s problems and troubleshoots them. The role involves documenting the defect using management tools. He or she works with the application team in order to resolve any issues arising during the testing process. 

2 Jobs Available
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