NCERT Solutions for Exercise 4.6 Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 - Determinants

# NCERT Solutions for Exercise 4.6 Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 - Determinants

Edited By Ramraj Saini | Updated on Dec 03, 2023 04:15 PM IST | #CBSE Class 12th

## NCERT Solutions For Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Exercise 4.6

NCERT Solutions for Exercise 4.6 Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants are discussed here. These NCERT solutions are created by subject matter expert at Careers360 considering the latest syllabus and pattern of CBSE 2023-24. In this article, you will get NCERT solutions for Class 12 Maths chapter 4 exercise 4.6 consists of questions related to applications of matrix and determinants. There are a lot of applications of matrices and determinants in the field of research, statistics, computer graphics, business, economics, and mathematics. In exercise 4.6 Class 12 Maths you will learn the specific application of matrix and determinant i.e. solving system of linear equation using the inverse of the matrix. All the questions in Class 12 Maths ch 4 ex 4.6 are related to solving the system of linear equations having unique solutions.

In this Class 12 Maths chapter 4 exercise 4.6 solutions you will get questions related to finding consistency of linear equations. 12th class Maths exercise 4.6 answers are designed as per the students demand covering comprehensive, step by step solutions of every problem. Practice these questions and answers to command the concepts, boost confidence and in depth understanding of concepts. Students can find all exercise together using the link provided below.

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## Determinants Exercise: 4.6

$\small x+2y=2$

$\small 2x+3y=3$

We have given the system of equations:18967

$\small x+2y=2$

$\small 2x+3y=3$

The given system of equations can be written in the form of the matrix; $AX =B$

where $A= \begin{bmatrix} 1 &2 \\ 2&3 \end{bmatrix}$, $X= \begin{bmatrix} x\\y \end{bmatrix}$ and $B = \begin{bmatrix} 2\\3 \end{bmatrix}$.

So, we want to check for the consistency of the equations;

$|A| = 1(3) -2(2) = -1 \neq 0$

Here A is non -singular therefore there exists $A^{-1}$.

Hence, the given system of equations is consistent.

$\small 2x-y=5$

$\small x+y=4$

We have given the system of equations:

$\small 2x-y=5$

$\small x+y=4$

The given system of equations can be written in the form of matrix; $AX =B$

where $A= \begin{bmatrix} 2 &-1 \\ 1&1 \end{bmatrix}$, $X= \begin{bmatrix} x\\y \end{bmatrix}$ and $B = \begin{bmatrix} 5\\4 \end{bmatrix}$.

So, we want to check for the consistency of the equations;

$|A| = 2(1) -1(-1) = 3 \neq 0$

Here A is non -singular therefore there exists $A^{-1}$.

Hence, the given system of equations is consistent.

$\small x+3y=5$

$\small 2x+6y=8$

We have given the system of equations:

$\small x+3y=5$

$\small 2x+6y=8$

The given system of equations can be written in the form of the matrix; $AX =B$

where $A= \begin{bmatrix} 1 &3 \\ 2&6 \end{bmatrix}$, $X= \begin{bmatrix} x\\y \end{bmatrix}$ and $B = \begin{bmatrix} 5\\8 \end{bmatrix}$.

So, we want to check for the consistency of the equations;

$|A| = 1(6) -2(3) = 0$

Here A is singular matrix therefore now we will check whether the $(adjA)B$ is zero or non-zero.

$adjA= \begin{bmatrix} 6 &-3 \\ -2& 1 \end{bmatrix}$

So, $(adjA)B= \begin{bmatrix} 6 &-3 \\ -2& 1 \end{bmatrix}\begin{bmatrix} 5\\8 \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} 30-24\\-10+8 \end{bmatrix}=\begin{bmatrix} 6\\-2 \end{bmatrix} \neq 0$

As, $(adjA)B \neq 0$ , the solution of the given system of equations does not exist.

Hence, the given system of equations is inconsistent.

$\small x+y+z=1$

$\small 2x+3y+2z=2$

$\small ax+ay+2az=4$

We have given the system of equations:

$\small x+y+z=1$

$\small 2x+3y+2z=2$

$\small ax+ay+2az=4$

The given system of equations can be written in the form of the matrix; $AX =B$

where $A = \begin{bmatrix} 1& 1&1 \\ 2& 3& 2\\ a& a &2a \end{bmatrix}$, $X = \begin{bmatrix} x\\y \\ z \end{bmatrix}$ and $B = \begin{bmatrix} 1\\2 \\ 4 \end{bmatrix}$.

So, we want to check for the consistency of the equations;

$|A| = 1(6a-2a) -1(4a-2a)+1(2a-3a)$

$= 4a -2a-a = 4a -3a =a \neq 0$

[If zero then it won't satisfy the third equation]

Here A is non- singular matrix therefore there exist $A^{-1}$.

Hence, the given system of equations is consistent.

$\small 3x-y-2z=2$

$\small 2y-z=-1$

$\small 3x-5y=3$

We have given the system of equations:

$\small 3x-y-2z=2$

$\small 2y-z=-1$

$\small 3x-5y=3$

The given system of equations can be written in the form of matrix; $AX =B$

where $A = \begin{bmatrix} 3& -1&-2 \\ 0& 2& -1\\ 3& -5 &0 \end{bmatrix}$, $X = \begin{bmatrix} x\\y \\ z \end{bmatrix}$ and $B = \begin{bmatrix} 2\\-1 \\ 3 \end{bmatrix}$.

So, we want to check for the consistency of the equations;

$|A| = 3(0-5) -(-1)(0+3)-2(0-6)$

$= -15 +3+12 = 0$

Therefore matrix A is a singular matrix.

So, we will then check $(adjA)B,$

$(adjA) = \begin{bmatrix} -5 &10 &5 \\ -3& 6 & 3\\ -6& 12 & 6 \end{bmatrix}$

$\therefore (adjA)B = \begin{bmatrix} -5 &10 &5 \\ -3& 6 & 3\\ -6& 12 & 6 \end{bmatrix}\begin{bmatrix} 2\\-1 \\ 3 \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} -10-10+15\\ -6-6+9 \\ -12-12+18 \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} -5\\-3 \\ -6 \end{bmatrix} \neq 0$

As, $(adjA)B$ is non-zero thus the solution of the given system of the equation does not exist. Hence, the given system of equations is inconsistent.

$\small 5x-y+4z=5$

$\small 2x+3y+5z=2$

$\small 5x-2y+6z=-1$

We have given the system of equations:

$\small 5x-y+4z=5$

$\small 2x+3y+5z=2$

$\small 5x-2y+6z=-1$

The given system of equations can be written in the form of the matrix; $AX =B$

where $A = \begin{bmatrix} 5& -1&4 \\ 2& 3& 5\\ 5& -2 &6 \end{bmatrix}$, $X = \begin{bmatrix} x\\y \\ z \end{bmatrix}$ and $B = \begin{bmatrix} 5\\2 \\ -1 \end{bmatrix}$.

So, we want to check for the consistency of the equations;

$|A| = 5(18+10) +1(12-25)+4(-4-15)$

$= 140-13-76 = 51 \neq 0$

Here A is non- singular matrix therefore there exist $A^{-1}$.

Hence, the given system of equations is consistent.

$\small 5x+2y=4$

$\small 7x+3y=5$

The given system of equations

$\small 5x+2y=4$

$\small 7x+3y=5$

can be written in the matrix form of AX =B, where

$A = \begin{bmatrix} 5 &4 \\ 7& 3 \end{bmatrix}$, $X = \begin{bmatrix} x\\y \end{bmatrix}$ and $B = \begin{bmatrix} 4\\5 \end{bmatrix}$

we have,

$|A| = 15-14=1 \neq 0$.

So, A is non-singular, Therefore, its inverse $A^{-1}$ exists.

as we know $A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} (adjA)$

$A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} (adjA) = (adjA) = \begin{bmatrix} 3 &-2 \\ -7& 5 \end{bmatrix}$

So, the solutions can be found by $X = A^{-1}B = \begin{bmatrix} 3 &-2 \\ -7 & 5 \end{bmatrix}\begin{bmatrix} 4\\5 \end{bmatrix}$

$\Rightarrow \begin{bmatrix} x\\y \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} 12-10\\ -28+25 \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} 2\\-3 \end{bmatrix}$

Hence the solutions of the given system of equations;

x = 2 and y =-3.

$2x-y=-2$

$3x+4y=3$

The given system of equations

$2x-y=-2$

$3x+4y=3$

can be written in the matrix form of AX =B, where

$A = \begin{bmatrix} 2 &-1 \\ 3& 4 \end{bmatrix}$, $X = \begin{bmatrix} x\\y \end{bmatrix}$ and $B = \begin{bmatrix} -2\\3 \end{bmatrix}$

we have,

$|A| = 8+3=11 \neq 0$.

So, A is non-singular, Therefore, its inverse $A^{-1}$ exists.

as we know $A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} (adjA)$

$A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} (adjA) = \frac{1}{11}\begin{bmatrix} 4 &1 \\ -3& 2 \end{bmatrix}$

So, the solutions can be found by $X = A^{-1}B = \frac{1}{11}\begin{bmatrix} 4 &1 \\ -3 & 2 \end{bmatrix}\begin{bmatrix} -2\\3 \end{bmatrix}$

$\Rightarrow \begin{bmatrix} x\\y \end{bmatrix} = \frac{1}{11}\begin{bmatrix} -8+3\\ 6+6 \end{bmatrix} = \frac{1}{11}\begin{bmatrix} -5\\12 \end{bmatrix}= \begin{bmatrix} -\frac{5}{11}\\ \\-\frac{12}{11} \end{bmatrix}$

Hence the solutions of the given system of equations;

$x =\frac{-5}{11} \ and\ y =\frac{12}{11}.$

$\small 4x-3y=3$

$\small 3x-5y=7$

The given system of equations

$\small 4x-3y=3$

$\small 3x-5y=7$

can be written in the matrix form of AX =B, where

$A = \begin{bmatrix} 4 &-3 \\ 3& -5 \end{bmatrix}$, $X = \begin{bmatrix} x\\y \end{bmatrix}$ and $B = \begin{bmatrix} 3\\7 \end{bmatrix}$

we have,

$|A| = -20+9=-11 \neq 0$.

So, A is non-singular, Therefore, its inverse $A^{-1}$ exists.

as we know $A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} (adjA)$

$A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} (adjA) = \frac{-1}{11}\begin{bmatrix} -5 &3 \\ -3& 4 \end{bmatrix} = \frac{1}{11} \begin{bmatrix} 5 &-3 \\ 3& -4 \end{bmatrix}$

So, the solutions can be found by $X = A^{-1}B = \frac{1}{11}\begin{bmatrix} 5 &-3 \\ 3 & -4 \end{bmatrix}\begin{bmatrix} 3\\7 \end{bmatrix}$

$\Rightarrow \begin{bmatrix} x\\y \end{bmatrix} = \frac{1}{11}\begin{bmatrix} 15-21\\ 9-28 \end{bmatrix} = \frac{1}{11}\begin{bmatrix} -6\\-19 \end{bmatrix}= \begin{bmatrix} -\frac{6}{11}\\ \\-\frac{19}{11} \end{bmatrix}$

Hence the solutions of the given system of equations;

$x =\frac{-6}{11} \ and\ y =\frac{-19}{11}.$

$\small 5x+2y=3$

$\small 3x+2y=5$

The given system of equations

$\small 5x+2y=3$

$\small 3x+2y=5$

can be written in the matrix form of AX =B, where

$A = \begin{bmatrix} 5 &2 \\ 3& 2 \end{bmatrix}$, $X = \begin{bmatrix} x\\y \end{bmatrix}$ and $B = \begin{bmatrix} 3\\5 \end{bmatrix}$

we have,

$|A| = 10-6=4 \neq 0$.

So, A is non-singular, Therefore, its inverse $A^{-1}$ exists.

as we know $A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} (adjA)$

$A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} (adjA) = \frac{1}{4}\begin{bmatrix} 2 &-2 \\ -3& 5 \end{bmatrix}$

So, the solutions can be found by $X = A^{-1}B = \frac{1}{4}\begin{bmatrix} 2 &-2 \\ -3 & 5 \end{bmatrix}\begin{bmatrix} 3\\5 \end{bmatrix}$

$\Rightarrow \begin{bmatrix} x\\y \end{bmatrix} = \frac{1}{4}\begin{bmatrix} 6-10\\ -9+25 \end{bmatrix} = \frac{1}{4}\begin{bmatrix} -4\\16 \end{bmatrix}= \begin{bmatrix} -1\\4 \end{bmatrix}$

Hence the solutions of the given system of equations;

$x =-1 \ and\ y =4.$

$\small 2x+y+z=1$

$\small x-2y-z= \frac{3}{2}$

$\small 3y-5z=9$

The given system of equations

$\small 2x+y+z=1$

$\small x-2y-z= \frac{3}{2}$

$\small 3y-5z=9$

can be written in the matrix form of AX =B, where

$A = \begin{bmatrix} 2 &1 &1 \\ 1 & -2 &-1 \\ 0& 3 &-5 \end{bmatrix}$, $X = \begin{bmatrix} x\\y \\z \end{bmatrix}$ and $B =\begin{bmatrix} 1\\ \\ \frac{3}{2} \\ \\ 9 \end{bmatrix}$

we have,

$|A| =2(10+3)-1(-5-0)+1(3-0) = 26+5+3 = 34 \neq 0$.

So, A is non-singular, Therefore, its inverse $A^{-1}$ exists.

as we know $A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} (adjA)$

Now, we will find the cofactors;

$A_{11} =(-1)^{1+1}(10+3) = 13$ $A_{12} =(-1)^{1+2}(-5-0) = 5$

$A_{13} =(-1)^{1+3}(3-0) = 3$ $A_{21} =(-1)^{2+1}(-5-3) = 8$

$A_{22} =(-1)^{2+2}(-10-0) = -10$ $A_{23} =(-1)^{2+3}(6-0) = -6$

$A_{31} =(-1)^{3+1}(-1+2) = 1$ $A_{32} =(-1)^{3+2}(-2-1) = 3$

$A_{33} =(-1)^{3+3}(-4-1) = -5$

$(adjA) =\begin{bmatrix} 13 &8 &1 \\ 5& -10 & 3\\ 3& -6 & -5 \end{bmatrix}$

$A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} (adjA) = \frac{1}{34}\begin{bmatrix} 13 &8 &1 \\ 5& -10 & 3\\ 3& -6 & -5 \end{bmatrix}$

So, the solutions can be found by $X = A^{-1}B = \frac{1}{34}\begin{bmatrix} 13 &8 &1 \\ 5& -10 & 3\\ 3& -6 & -5 \end{bmatrix}\begin{bmatrix} 1\\\frac{3}{2} \\ 9 \end{bmatrix}$

$\Rightarrow\begin{bmatrix} x\\y \\ z \end{bmatrix} = \frac{1}{34}\begin{bmatrix} 13+12+9\\5-15+27 \\ 3-9-45 \end{bmatrix} = \frac{1}{34}\begin{bmatrix} 34\\17 \\ -51 \end{bmatrix}= \begin{bmatrix} 1\\\frac{1}{2} \\ -\frac{3}{2} \end{bmatrix}$

Hence the solutions of the given system of equations;

$x =1,\ y =\frac{1}{2},\ and\ \ z=-\frac{3}{2}.$

$\small x-y+z=4$

$\small 2x+y-3z=0$

$\small x+y+z=2$

The given system of equations

$\small x-y+z=4$

$\small 2x+y-3z=0$

$\small x+y+z=2$

can be written in the matrix form of AX =B, where

$A = \begin{bmatrix} 1 &-1 &1 \\ 2 & 1 &-3 \\ 1& 1 &1 \end{bmatrix}$, $X = \begin{bmatrix} x\\y \\z \end{bmatrix}$ $and\ B =\begin{bmatrix} 4\\ 0 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix}.$

we have,

$|A| =1(1+3)+1(2+3)+1(2-1) = 4+5+1= 10 \neq 0$.

So, A is non-singular, Therefore, its inverse $A^{-1}$ exists.

as we know $A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} (adjA)$

Now, we will find the cofactors;

$A_{11} =(-1)^{1+1}(1+3) = 4$ $A_{12} =(-1)^{1+2}(2+3) = -5$

$A_{13} =(-1)^{1+3}(2-1) = 1$ $A_{21} =(-1)^{2+1}(-1-1) = 2$

$A_{22} =(-1)^{2+2}(1-1) = 0$ $A_{23} =(-1)^{2+3}(1+1) = -2$

$A_{31} =(-1)^{3+1}(3-1) = 2$ $A_{32} =(-1)^{3+2}(-3-2) = 5$

$A_{33} =(-1)^{3+3}(1+2) = 3$

$(adjA) =\begin{bmatrix} 4 &2 &2 \\ -5& 0 & 5\\ 1& -2 & 3 \end{bmatrix}$

$A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} (adjA) = \frac{1}{10}\begin{bmatrix} 4 &2 &2 \\ -5& 0 & 5\\ 1& -2 & 3 \end{bmatrix}$

So, the solutions can be found by $X = A^{-1}B =\frac{1}{10}\begin{bmatrix} 4 &2 &2 \\ -5& 0 & 5\\ 1& -2 & 3 \end{bmatrix}\begin{bmatrix} 4\\0 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix}$

$\Rightarrow\begin{bmatrix} x\\y \\ z \end{bmatrix} = \frac{1}{10}\begin{bmatrix} 16+0+4\\-20+0+10 \\ 4+0+6 \end{bmatrix} = \frac{1}{10}\begin{bmatrix} 20\\-10 \\ 10 \end{bmatrix}= \begin{bmatrix} 2\\-1 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix}$

Hence the solutions of the given system of equations;

$x =2,\ y =-1,\ and\ \ z=1.$

$\small 2x+3y+3z=5$

$\small x-2y+z=-4$

$\small 3x-y-2z=3$

The given system of equations

$\small 2x+3y+3z=5$

$\small x-2y+z=-4$

$\small 3x-y-2z=3$

can be written in the matrix form of AX =B, where

$A = \begin{bmatrix} 2 &3 &3 \\ 1 & -2 &1 \\ 3& -1 &-2 \end{bmatrix}$, $X = \begin{bmatrix} x\\y \\z \end{bmatrix}$ $and\ B =\begin{bmatrix} 5\\ -4 \\ 3 \end{bmatrix}.$

we have,

$|A| =2(4+1) -3(-2-3)+3(-1+6) = 10+15+15 = 40$.

So, A is non-singular, Therefore, its inverse $A^{-1}$ exists.

as we know $A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} (adjA)$

Now, we will find the cofactors;

$A_{11} =(-1)^{1+1}(4+1) = 5$ $A_{12} =(-1)^{1+2}(-2-3) = 5$

$A_{13} =(-1)^{1+3}(-1+6) = 5$ $A_{21} =(-1)^{2+1}(-6+3) = 3$

$A_{22} =(-1)^{2+2}(-4-9) = -13$ $A_{23} =(-1)^{2+3}(-2-9) = 11$

$A_{31} =(-1)^{3+1}(3+6) = 9$ $A_{32} =(-1)^{3+2}(2-3) = 1$

$A_{33} =(-1)^{3+3}(-4-3) = -7$

$(adjA) =\begin{bmatrix} 5 &3 &9 \\ 5& -13 & 1\\ 5&11 & -7 \end{bmatrix}$

$A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} (adjA) = \frac{1}{40}\begin{bmatrix} 5 &3 &9 \\ 5& -13 & 1\\ 5& 11 & -7 \end{bmatrix}$

So, the solutions can be found by $X = A^{-1}B =\frac{1}{40}\begin{bmatrix} 5 &3 &9 \\ 5& -13 & 1\\ 5& 11 & -7 \end{bmatrix}\begin{bmatrix} 5\\-4 \\ 3 \end{bmatrix}$

$\Rightarrow\begin{bmatrix} x\\y \\ z \end{bmatrix} = \frac{1}{40}\begin{bmatrix} 25-12+27\\25+52+3 \\ 25-44-21 \end{bmatrix} = \frac{1}{40}\begin{bmatrix} 40\\80 \\ -40 \end{bmatrix}= \begin{bmatrix} 1\\2 \\ -1 \end{bmatrix}$

Hence the solutions of the given system of equations;

$x =1,\ y =2,\ and\ \ z=-1.$

$\small x-y+2z=7$

$\small 3x+4y-5z=-5$

$\small 2x-y+3z=12$

The given system of equations

$\small x-y+2z=7$

$\small 3x+4y-5z=-5$

$\small 2x-y+3z=12$

can be written in the matrix form of AX =B, where

$A = \begin{bmatrix} 1 &-1 &2 \\ 3 & 4 &-5 \\ 2& -1 &3 \end{bmatrix}$, $X = \begin{bmatrix} x\\y \\z \end{bmatrix}$ $and\ B =\begin{bmatrix} 7\\ -5 \\ 12 \end{bmatrix}.$

we have,

$|A| =1(12-5) +1(9+10)+2(-3-8) = 7+19-22 = 4 \neq0$.

So, A is non-singular, Therefore, its inverse $A^{-1}$ exists.

as we know $A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} (adjA)$

Now, we will find the cofactors;

$A_{11} =(-1)^{12-5} = 7$ $A_{12} =(-1)^{1+2}(9+10) = -19$

$A_{13} =(-1)^{1+3}(-3-8) = -11$ $A_{21} =(-1)^{2+1}(-3+2) = 1$

$A_{22} =(-1)^{2+2}(3-4) = -1$ $A_{23} =(-1)^{2+3}(-1+2) = -1$

$A_{31} =(-1)^{3+1}(5-8) = -3$ $A_{32} =(-1)^{3+2}(-5-6) = 11$

$A_{33} =(-1)^{3+3}(4+3) = 7$

$(adjA) =\begin{bmatrix} 7 &1 &-3 \\ -19& -1 & 11\\ -11&-1 & 7 \end{bmatrix}$

$A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} (adjA) = \frac{1}{4}\begin{bmatrix} 7 &1 &-3 \\ -19& -1 & 11\\ -11&-1 & 7 \end{bmatrix}$

So, the solutions can be found by $X = A^{-1}B =\frac{1}{4}\begin{bmatrix} 7 &1 &-3 \\ -19& -1 & 11\\ -11&-1 & 7 \end{bmatrix}\begin{bmatrix} 7\\-5 \\ 12 \end{bmatrix}$

$\Rightarrow\begin{bmatrix} x\\y \\ z \end{bmatrix} = \frac{1}{4}\begin{bmatrix} 49-5-36\\-133+5+132 \\ -77+5+84 \end{bmatrix} = \frac{1}{4}\begin{bmatrix} 8\\4 \\ 12 \end{bmatrix}= \begin{bmatrix} 2\\1 \\ 3 \end{bmatrix}$

Hence the solutions of the given system of equations;

$x =2,\ y =1,\ and\ \ z=3.$

$\dpi{100} 2x-3y+5z=11$

$\dpi{100} 3x+2y-4z=-5$

$\dpi{100} x+y-2z=-3$

The given system of equations

$\dpi{100} 2x-3y+5z=11$

$\dpi{100} 3x+2y-4z=-5$

$\dpi{100} x+y-2z=-3$

can be written in the matrix form of AX =B, where

$\dpi{100} A=\begin{bmatrix} 2 &-3 &5 \\ 3 & 2 &-4 \\ 1 &1 &-2 \end{bmatrix}$, $X = \begin{bmatrix} x\\y \\z \end{bmatrix}$ $and\ B =\begin{bmatrix} 11\\ -5 \\ -3 \end{bmatrix}.$

we have,

$|A| =2(-4+4) +3(-6+4)+5(3-2) = 0-6+5 = -1 \neq0$.

So, A is non-singular, Therefore, its inverse $A^{-1}$ exists.

as we know $A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} (adjA)$

Now, we will find the cofactors;

$A_{11} =(-1)^{-4+4} = 0$ $A_{12} =(-1)^{1+2}(-6+4) = 2$

$A_{13} =(-1)^{1+3}(3-2) = 1$ $A_{21} =(-1)^{2+1}(6-5) = -1$

$A_{22} =(-1)^{2+2}(-4-5) = -9$ $A_{23} =(-1)^{2+3}(2+3) = -5$

$A_{31} =(-1)^{3+1}(12-10) = 2$ $A_{32} =(-1)^{3+2}(-8-15) = 23$

$A_{33} =(-1)^{3+3}(4+9) = 13$

$(adjA) =\begin{bmatrix} 0 &-1 &2 \\ 2& -9 & 23\\ 1&-5 & 13 \end{bmatrix}$

$A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} (adjA) = -1\begin{bmatrix} 0 &-1 &2 \\ 2& -9 & 23\\ 1&-5 & 13 \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} 0 &1 &-2 \\ -2& 9 & -23\\ -1&5 & -13 \end{bmatrix}$

So, the solutions can be found by $X = A^{-1}B = \begin{bmatrix} 0 &1 &-2 \\ -2& 9 & -23\\ -1&5 & -13 \end{bmatrix}\begin{bmatrix} 11\\-5 \\ -3 \end{bmatrix}$

$\Rightarrow\begin{bmatrix} x\\y \\ z \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} 0-5+6\\-22-45+69 \\ -11-25+39 \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} 1\\2 \\ 3 \end{bmatrix}$

Hence the solutions of the given system of equations;

$x =1,\ y =2,\ and\ \ z=3.$

So, let us assume the cost of onion, wheat, and rice be x, y and z respectively.

Then we have the equations for the given situation :

$4x+3y+2z = 60$

$2x+4y+6z = 90$

$6x+2y+3y = 70$

We can find the cost of each item per Kg by the matrix method as follows;

Taking the coefficients of x, y, and z as a matrix $A$.

We have;

$A = \begin{bmatrix} 4 &3 &2 \\ 2& 4 &6 \\ 6 & 2 & 3 \end{bmatrix},$ $X= \begin{bmatrix} x\\y \\ z \end{bmatrix}$ $and\ B = \begin{bmatrix} 60\\90 \\ 70 \end{bmatrix}.$

$|A| = 4(12-12) -3(6-36)+2(4-24) = 0 +90-40 = 50 \neq 0$

Now, we will find the cofactors of A;

$A_{11} = (-1)^{1+1}(12-12) = 0$ $A_{12} = (-1)^{1+2}(6-36) = 30$

$A_{13} = (-1)^{1+3}(4-24) = -20$ $A_{21} = (-1)^{2+1}(9-4) = -5$

$A_{22} = (-1)^{2+2}(12-12) = 0$ $A_{23} = (-1)^{2+3}(8-18) = 10$

$A_{31} = (-1)^{3+1}(18-8) = 10$ $A_{32} = (-1)^{3+2}(24-4) = -20$

$A_{33} = (-1)^{3+3}(16-6) = 10$

$adjA = \begin{bmatrix} 0 &-5 &10 \\ 30 & 0 &-20 \\ -20 & 10 & 10 \end{bmatrix}$

$A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} (adjA) = \frac{1}{50}\begin{bmatrix} 0 &-5 &10 \\ 30 & 0 &-20 \\ -20 & 10 & 10 \end{bmatrix}$s

So, the solutions can be found by $X = A^{-1}B = \frac{1}{50}\begin{bmatrix} 0 &-5 &10 \\ 30 & 0 &-20 \\ -20 & 10 & 10 \end{bmatrix}\begin{bmatrix} 60\\90 \\ 70 \end{bmatrix}$

$\Rightarrow\begin{bmatrix} x\\y \\ z \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} 0-450+700\\1800+0-1400 \\ -1200+900+700 \end{bmatrix} =\frac{1}{50} \begin{bmatrix} 250\\400 \\ 400 \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} 5\\8 \\ 8 \end{bmatrix}$

Hence the solutions of the given system of equations;

$x =5,\ y =8,\ and\ \ z=8.$

Therefore, we have the cost of onions is Rs. 5 per Kg, the cost of wheat is Rs. 8 per Kg, and the cost of rice is Rs. 8 per kg.

## More About NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Exercise 4.6:-

In Class 12th Maths chapter 4 exercise 4.6 solutions, there are 16 long answer-type questions which you should try to solve by yourself. There are three solved examples given in the NCERT textbook before exercise 4.6 Class 12 Maths that you can solve. Solving these examples will help you in solving this exercise 4.6 Class 12 Maths. This chapter is important for the board exams as well as for the higher studies in engineering. Solving a system of linear equations is a must-be-know tool for any engineering branch. You are advised to go through these NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths chapter 4 Exercise 4.6 for conceptual clarity.

Also Read| Determinants Class 12 Chapter 4 Notes

## Benefits of NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Exercise 4.6:-

• This chapter is very important for board exams and competitive exams like JEE, SRMJEE, etc.
• Class 12 Maths chapter 4 exercise 4.6 solutions are helpful for you in solving the system of linear equations and linear equations consistency problems.
• NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Exercise 4.6 are helpful for the students who are not able to solve NCERT problems by themself.
• In the Class 12th Maths chapter 4 exercise 4.6 solutions, you will learn the art of answering in board exams to get good marks.
• You can take these Class 12 Maths chapter 4 exercise 4.6 solutions for reference.
JEE Main Highest Scoring Chapters & Topics
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## Key Features Of NCERT Solutions for Exercise 4.6 Class 12 Maths Chapter 4

• Comprehensive Coverage: The solutions encompass all the topics covered in ex 4.6 class 12, ensuring a thorough understanding of the concepts.
• Step-by-Step Solutions: In this class 12 maths ex 4.6, each problem is solved systematically, providing a stepwise approach to aid in better comprehension for students.
• Accuracy and Clarity: Solutions for class 12 ex 4.6 are presented accurately and concisely, using simple language to help students grasp the concepts easily.
• Conceptual Clarity: In this 12th class maths exercise 4.6 answers, emphasis is placed on conceptual clarity, providing explanations that assist students in understanding the underlying principles behind each problem.
• Inclusive Approach: Solutions for ex 4.6 class 12 cater to different learning styles and abilities, ensuring that students of various levels can grasp the concepts effectively.
• Relevance to Curriculum: The solutions for class 12 maths ex 4.6 align closely with the NCERT curriculum, ensuring that students are prepared in line with the prescribed syllabus.
##### JEE Main Important Mathematics Formulas

As per latest 2024 syllabus. Maths formulas, equations, & theorems of class 11 & 12th chapters

## Subject Wise NCERT Exampler Solutions

Happy learning!!!

1. If A is a square matrix of order 2 and |A| = 2 then det( transpose(A)) ?​

|A^T| = |A| = 2

2. If three-point are collinear then find area of triangle formed by these points ?

If three-point are collinear then the area of triangle formed by these points is zero.

3. What is the definition of consistent system ?

If solutions of a system of equations exist then it is called a consistent system.

4. What is the definition of inconsistent system ?

If the solution of a system of equations doesn't exist then it is called a inconsistent system.

5. How many questions are there in the exercise 4.6 Class 12 Maths?

There are 16 questions in the exercise 4.6 Class 12 Maths. The questions are solved with all the necessary steps. Students can follow the NCERT syllabus to get a good score in the board exam.

6. The transpose of the row matrix is ?

The transpose of the row matrix is the column matrix.

7. The transpose of the column matrix is ?

The transpose of the column matrix is the row matrix.

8. If the determinant of matrix A is zero then matrix A is called ?

If the determinant of matrix A is zero then matrix A is called singular matrix.

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### Questions related to CBSE Class 12th

Have a question related to CBSE Class 12th ?

Hi,

The Medhavi National Scholarship Program, under the Human Resources & Development Mission (HRDM), offers financial assistance to meritorious students through a scholarship exam. To be eligible, candidates must be between 16 and 40 years old as of the last date of registration and have at least passed the 10th grade from a recognized board. Higher qualifications, such as 11th/12th grade, graduation, post-graduation, or a diploma, are also acceptable.

The scholarships are categorized based on the marks obtained in the exam: Type A for those scoring 60% or above, Type B for scores between 50% and 60%, and Type C for scores between 40% and 50%. The cash scholarships range from Rs. 2,000 to Rs. 18,000 per month, depending on the exam and the marks obtained.

Since you already have a 12th-grade qualification with 84%, you meet the eligibility criteria and can apply for the Medhavi Scholarship exam. Preparing well for the exam can increase your chances of receiving a higher scholarship.

Yuvan 01 September,2024

hello mahima,

If you have uploaded screenshot of your 12th board result taken from CBSE official website,there won,t be a problem with that.If the screenshot that you have uploaded is clear and legible. It should display your name, roll number, marks obtained, and any other relevant details in a readable forma.ALSO, the screenshot clearly show it is from the official CBSE results portal.

hope this helps.

Hello Akash,

If you are looking for important questions of class 12th then I would like to suggest you to go with previous year questions of that particular board. You can go with last 5-10 years of PYQs so and after going through all the questions you will have a clear idea about the type and level of questions that are being asked and it will help you to boost your class 12th board preparation.

You can get the Previous Year Questions (PYQs) on the official website of the respective board.

I hope this answer helps you. If you have more queries then feel free to share your questions with us we will be happy to assist you.

Thank you and wishing you all the best for your bright future.

Hello student,

If you are planning to appear again for class 12th board exam with PCMB as a private candidate here is the right information you need:

• No school admission needed! Register directly with CBSE. (But if you want to attend the school then you can take admission in any private school of your choice but it will be waste of money)
• You have to appear for the 2025 12th board exams.
• Registration for class 12th board exam starts around September 2024 (check CBSE website for exact dates).
• Aim to register before late October to avoid extra fees.
• Schools might not offer classes for private students, so focus on self-study or coaching.

Remember , these are tentative dates based on last year. Keep an eye on the CBSE website ( https://www.cbse.gov.in/ ) for the accurate and official announcement.

I hope this answer helps you. If you have more queries then feel free to share your questions with us, we will be happy to help you.

Hello Aspirant , Hope your doing great . As per your query , your eligible for JEE mains in the year of 2025 , Every candidate can appear for the JEE Main exam 6 times over three consecutive years . The JEE Main exam is held two times every year, in January and April.

A block of mass 0.50 kg is moving with a speed of 2.00 ms-1 on a smooth surface. It strikes another mass of 1.00 kg and then they move together as a single body. The energy loss during the collision is

 Option 1) Option 2) Option 3) Option 4)

A person trying to lose weight by burning fat lifts a mass of 10 kg upto a height of 1 m 1000 times.  Assume that the potential energy lost each time he lowers the mass is dissipated.  How much fat will he use up considering the work done only when the weight is lifted up ?  Fat supplies 3.8×107 J of energy per kg which is converted to mechanical energy with a 20% efficiency rate.  Take g = 9.8 ms−2 :

 Option 1) 2.45×10−3 kg Option 2)  6.45×10−3 kg Option 3)  9.89×10−3 kg Option 4) 12.89×10−3 kg

An athlete in the olympic games covers a distance of 100 m in 10 s. His kinetic energy can be estimated to be in the range

 Option 1) Option 2) Option 3) Option 4)

A particle is projected at 600   to the horizontal with a kinetic energy . The kinetic energy at the highest point

 Option 1) Option 2) Option 3) Option 4)

In the reaction,

 Option 1)   at STP  is produced for every mole   consumed Option 2)   is consumed for ever      produced Option 3) is produced regardless of temperature and pressure for every mole Al that reacts Option 4) at STP is produced for every mole Al that reacts .

How many moles of magnesium phosphate, will contain 0.25 mole of oxygen atoms?

 Option 1) 0.02 Option 2) 3.125 × 10-2 Option 3) 1.25 × 10-2 Option 4) 2.5 × 10-2

If we consider that 1/6, in place of 1/12, mass of carbon atom is taken to be the relative atomic mass unit, the mass of one mole of a substance will

 Option 1) decrease twice Option 2) increase two fold Option 3) remain unchanged Option 4) be a function of the molecular mass of the substance.

With increase of temperature, which of these changes?

 Option 1) Molality Option 2) Weight fraction of solute Option 3) Fraction of solute present in water Option 4) Mole fraction.

Number of atoms in 558.5 gram Fe (at. wt.of Fe = 55.85 g mol-1) is

 Option 1) twice that in 60 g carbon Option 2) 6.023 × 1022 Option 3) half that in 8 g He Option 4) 558.5 × 6.023 × 1023

A pulley of radius 2 m is rotated about its axis by a force F = (20t - 5t2) newton (where t is measured in seconds) applied tangentially. If the moment of inertia of the pulley about its axis of rotation is 10 kg m2 , the number of rotations made by the pulley before its direction of motion if reversed, is

 Option 1) less than 3 Option 2) more than 3 but less than 6 Option 3) more than 6 but less than 9 Option 4) more than 9