NCERT Solutions for Miscellaneous Exercise Chapter 4 Class 12 - Determinants

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NCERT Solutions for Miscellaneous Exercise Chapter 4 Class 12 - Determinants

Edited By Ramraj Saini | Updated on Dec 01, 2023 05:45 PM IST | #CBSE Class 12th

As the name suggests miscellaneous exercise consists of mixed questions from all other exercises of the chapter. In NCERT solutions for Class 12 Maths chapter 4 miscellaneous exercise, you will get questions like solving determinants using cofactor expansion, solving determinants using properties, solving system of linear equation, checking the consistency of the system of linear equations, etc. In this Class 12 Maths chapter 4 miscellaneous solutions, you will get some difficult questions as compared to previous exercises. So, If you are not able to solve these questions at first by yourself, you don't need to be a worry. Over 95% of the questions in the board exams are not asked from Class 12 Maths chapter 4 miscellaneous exercise. You can Check Class 12 Maths chapter 4 miscellaneous exercise solutions in this article. Ch eck here for NCERT Solutions.

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Determinants Miscellaneous Exercise

Calculating the determinant value of $\dpi{100} \begin{vmatrix} x & \sin \theta &\cos \theta \\ -\sin \theta &-x & 1\\ \cos \theta &1 &x \end{vmatrix}$;

$= x\begin{bmatrix} -x &1 \\ 1& x \end{bmatrix}-\sin \Theta\begin{bmatrix} -\sin \Theta &1 \\ \cos \Theta& x \end{bmatrix} + \cos \Theta \begin{bmatrix} -\sin \Theta &-x \\ \cos \Theta& 1 \end{bmatrix}$

$= x(-x^2-1)-\sin \Theta (-x\sin \Theta-\cos \Theta)+\cos\Theta(-\sin \Theta+x\cos\Theta)$

$= -x^3-x+x\sin^2 \Theta+ \sin \Theta\cos \Theta-\cos\Theta\sin \Theta+x\cos^2\Theta$

$= -x^3-x+x(\sin^2 \Theta+\cos^2\Theta)$

$= -x^3-x+x = -x^3$

Clearly, the determinant is independent of $\Theta$.

We have the

$\dpi{100} L.H.S. = \begin{vmatrix} a &a^2 &bc \\ b& b^2 &ca \\ c & c^2 &ab \end{vmatrix}$

Multiplying rows with a, b, and c respectively.

$\dpi{100} R_{1} \rightarrow aR_{1}, R_{2} \rightarrow bR_{2},\ and\ R_{3} \rightarrow cR_{3}$

we get;

$\dpi{100} = \frac{1}{abc} \begin{vmatrix} a^2 &a^3 &abc \\ b^2& b^3 &abc \\ c^2& c^3 & abc \end{vmatrix}$

$\dpi{100} = \frac{1}{abc}.abc \begin{vmatrix} a^2 &a^3 & 1\\ b^2& b^3 &1 \\ c^2& c^3 & 1 \end{vmatrix}$ $\dpi{100} [after\ taking\ out\ abc\ from\ column\ 3].$

$\dpi{100} = \begin{vmatrix} a^2 &a^3 & 1\\ b^2& b^3 &1 \\ c^2& c^3 & 1 \end{vmatrix} = \begin{vmatrix} 1&a^2 & a^3\\ 1& b^2 &b^3 \\ 1& c^2 & c^3 \end{vmatrix}$ $\dpi{100} [Applying\ C_{1}\leftrightarrow C_{3}\ and\ C_{2} \leftrightarrow C_{3}]$

= R.H.S.

Hence proved. L.H.S. =R.H.S.

Given determinant $\dpi{100} \begin{vmatrix} \cos \alpha \cos \beta & \cos \alpha \sin \beta &-\sin \alpha \\ -\sin \beta & \cos \beta &0 \\ \sin \alpha \cos \beta &\sin \alpha \sin \beta & \cos \alpha \end{vmatrix}$;

$= \cos \alpha \cos \beta \begin{vmatrix} \cos \beta &0 \\ \sin \alpha \sin \beta & \cos \alpha \end{vmatrix} - \cos \alpha \sin \beta \begin{vmatrix} -\sin \beta & 0 \\ \sin \alpha \cos \beta & \cos \alpha \end{vmatrix} -\sin \alpha \begin{vmatrix} -\sin \beta &\cos \beta \\ \sin \alpha \cos \beta& \sin \alpha \sin \beta \end{vmatrix}$$= \cos \alpha \cos \beta (\cos \beta \cos \alpha -0 )- \cos \alpha \sin \beta (-\cos \alpha\sin \beta- 0) -\sin \alpha (-\sin \alpha\sin^2\beta - \sin \alpha \cos^2 \beta)$

$= \cos^2 \alpha \cos^2 \beta + \cos^2 \alpha \sin^2 \beta +\sin^2 \alpha \sin^2\beta + \sin^2 \alpha \cos^2 \beta$

$= \cos^2 \alpha(\cos^2 \beta+\sin^2 \beta) +\sin^2 \alpha(\sin^2\beta+\cos^2 \beta)$

$= \cos^2 \alpha(1) +\sin^2 \alpha(1) = 1$.

$\dpi{100} \Delta =\begin{vmatrix} b+c & c+a &a+b \\ c+a &a+b &b+c \\ a+b & b+c & c+a \end{vmatrix}=0$

Show that either $\dpi{100} a+b+c=0$ or $\dpi{100} a=b=c$

We have given $\dpi{100} \Delta =\begin{vmatrix} b+c & c+a &a+b \\ c+a &a+b &b+c \\ a+b & b+c & c+a \end{vmatrix}=0$

Applying the row transformations; $R_{1} \rightarrow R_{1} +R_{2} +R_{3}$ we have;

$\dpi{100} \Delta =\begin{vmatrix} 2(a+b+c) & 2(a+b+c) &2(a+b+c) \\ c+a &a+b &b+c \\ a+b & b+c & c+a \end{vmatrix}$

Taking out common factor 2(a+b+c) from the first row;

$\dpi{100} \Delta =2(a+b+c)\begin{vmatrix} 1 & 1 &1 \\ c+a &a+b &b+c \\ a+b & b+c & c+a \end{vmatrix}$

Now, applying the column transformations; $\dpi{100} C_{1}\rightarrow C_{1} - C_{2}\ and\ C_{2} \rightarrow C_{2}- C_{3}$

we have;

$\dpi{100} =2(a+b+c)\begin{vmatrix} 0 & 0 &1 \\ c-b &a-c &b+c \\ a-c & b-a & c+a \end{vmatrix}$

$\dpi{100} =2(a+b+c)[(c-b)(b-a)-(a-c)^2]$

$\dpi{100} =2(a+b+c)[ab+bc+ca-a^2-b^2-c^2]$

and given that the determinant is equal to zero. i.e., $\dpi{100} \triangle = 0$;

$\dpi{100} (a+b+c)[ab+bc+ca-a^2-b^2-c^2] = 0$

So, either $\dpi{100} (a+b+c) = 0$ or $\dpi{100} [ab+bc+ca-a^2-b^2-c^2] = 0$.

we can write $\dpi{100} [ab+bc+ca-a^2-b^2-c^2] = 0$ as;

$\dpi{100} \Rightarrow -2ab-2bc-2ca+2a^2+2b^2+2c^2 =0$

$\dpi{100} \Rightarrow (a-b)^2+(b-c)^2+(c-a)^2 =0$

$\dpi{100} \because (a-b)^2,(b-c)^2,\ and\ (c-a)^2$ are non-negative.

Hence $\dpi{100} (a-b)^2= (b-c)^2=(c-a)^2 = 0$.

we get then $\dpi{100} a=b=c$

Therefore, if given $\dpi{100} \triangle$ = 0 then either $\dpi{100} (a+b+c) = 0$ or $\dpi{100} a=b=c$.

Question:5 Solve the equation

$\dpi{100} \begin{vmatrix} x+a & x &x \\ x &x+a &x\\ x & x & x+a \end{vmatrix}=0; a\neq 0$

Given determinant $\dpi{100} \begin{vmatrix} x+a & x &x \\ x &x+a &x\\ x & x & x+a \end{vmatrix}=0; a\neq 0$

Applying the row transformation; $R_{1} \rightarrow R_{1}+R_{2}+R_{3}$ we have;

$\dpi{100} \begin{vmatrix} 3x+a & 3x+a &3x+a \\ x &x+a &x\\ x & x & x+a \end{vmatrix} =0$

Taking common factor (3x+a) out from first row.

$\dpi{100} (3x+a)\begin{vmatrix} 1 & 1 &1 \\ x &x+a &x\\ x & x & x+a \end{vmatrix} =0$

Now applying the column transformations; $\dpi{100} C_{1} \rightarrow C_{1}-C_{2}$ and $\dpi{100} C_{2} \rightarrow C_{2}-C_{3}$.

we get;

$\dpi{100} (3x+a)\begin{vmatrix} 0 & 0 &1 \\ -a &a &x\\ 0 & -a & x+a \end{vmatrix} =0$

$\dpi{100} =(3x+a)(a^2)=0$ as $\dpi{100} a^2 \neq 0$,

or $\dpi{100} 3x+a=0$ or $\dpi{100} x= -\frac{a}{3}$

Given matrix $\dpi{100} \begin{vmatrix} a^2 &bc &ac+a^2 \\ a^2+ab & b^2 & ac\\ ab &b^2+bc &c^2 \end{vmatrix}$

Taking common factors a,b and c from the column $\dpi{100} C_{1}, C_{2}, and\ C_{3}$ respectively.

we have;

$\dpi{100} \triangle = abc\begin{vmatrix} a &c &a+c \\ a+b & b & a\\ b &b+c &c \end{vmatrix}$

Applying $\dpi{100} R_{2} \rightarrow R_{2}-R_{1}\ and\ R_{3} \rightarrow R_{3} - R_{1}$, we have;

$\dpi{100} \triangle = abc\begin{vmatrix} a &c &a+c \\ b & b-c &-c\\ b-a &b &-a \end{vmatrix}$

Then applying $\dpi{100} R_{2} \rightarrow R_{2}+R_{1}$ , we get;

$\dpi{100} \triangle = abc\begin{vmatrix} a &c &a+c \\ a+b & b &a\\ b-a &b &-a \end{vmatrix}$

Applying $\dpi{100} R_{3} \rightarrow R_{3}+R_{2}$, we have;

$\dpi{100} \triangle = abc\begin{vmatrix} a &c &a+c \\ a+b & b &a\\ 2b &2b &0 \end{vmatrix} = 2ab^2c\begin{vmatrix} a &c &a+c \\ a+b & b &a\\ 1 &1 &0 \end{vmatrix}$

Now, applying column transformation; $\dpi{100} C_{2} \rightarrow C_{2 }-C_{1}$, we have

$\dpi{100} \triangle = 2ab^2c\begin{vmatrix} a &c-a &a+c \\ a+b & -a &a\\ 1 &0 &0 \end{vmatrix}$

So we can now expand the remaining determinant along $\dpi{100} R_{3}$ we have;

$\dpi{100} \triangle = 2ab^2c\left [ a(c-a)+a(a+c) \right ]$

$\dpi{100} = 2ab^2c\left [ ac-a^2+a^2+ac) \right ] = 2ab^2c\left [ 2ac \right ]$

$\dpi{100} = 4a^2b^2c^2$

Hence proved.

We know from the identity that;

$(AB)^{-1} = B^{-1}A^{-1}$.

Then we can find easily,

Given $\dpi{100} A^-^1=\begin{bmatrix} 3 &-1 &1 \\ -15 &6 &-5 \\ 5 &-2 &2 \end{bmatrix}$ and $\dpi{100} B=\begin{bmatrix} 1 &2 &-2 \\ -1&3 &0 \\ 0 &-2 &1 \end{bmatrix}$

Then we have to basically find the $B^{-1}$ matrix.

So, Given matrix $\dpi{100} B=\begin{bmatrix} 1 &2 &-2 \\ -1&3 &0 \\ 0 &-2 &1 \end{bmatrix}$

$|B| = 1(3-0) -2(-1-0)-2(2-0) = 3+2-4 = 1 \neq 0$

Hence its inverse $B^{-1}$ exists;

Now, as we know that

$B^{-1} = \frac{1}{|B|} adjB$

So, calculating cofactors of B,

$B_{11} = (-1)^{1+1}(3-0) = 3$ $B_{12} = (-1)^{1+2}(-1-0) = 1$

$B_{13} = (-1)^{1+3}(2-0) = 2$ $B_{21} = (-1)^{2+1}(2-4) = 2$

$B_{22} = (-1)^{2+2}(1-0) = 1$ $B_{23} = (-1)^{2+3}(-2-0) = 2$

$B_{31} = (-1)^{3+1}(0+6) = 6$ $B_{32} = (-1)^{3+2}(0-2) = 2$

$B_{33} = (-1)^{3+3}(3+2) = 5$

$adjB = \begin{bmatrix} 3 &2 &6 \\ 1& 1& 2\\ 2& 2& 5 \end{bmatrix}$

$B^{-1} = \frac{1}{|B|} adjB = \frac{1}{1} \begin{bmatrix} 3 &2 &6 \\ 1& 1& 2\\ 2& 2& 5 \end{bmatrix}$

Now, We have both $A^{-1}$ as well as $B^{-1}$ ;

Putting in the relation we know; $(AB)^{-1} = B^{-1}A^{-1}$

$(AB)^{-1}=\frac{1}{1} \begin{bmatrix} 3 &2 &6 \\ 1& 1& 2\\ 2& 2& 5 \end{bmatrix}\begin{bmatrix} 3 &-1 &1 \\ -15 &6 &-5 \\ 5 &-2 &2 \end{bmatrix}$

$= \begin{bmatrix} 9-30+30 &-3+12-12 &3-10+12 \\ 3-15+10&-1+6-4 &1-5+4 \\ 6-30+25 &-2+12-10 &2-10+10 \end{bmatrix}$

$= \begin{bmatrix} 9 &-3 &5 \\ -2&1 &0 \\ 1 &0 &2\end{bmatrix}$

$\dpi{100} [adj A]^-^1 = adj (A^-^1)$

Given that $\dpi{100} A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 &2 &1 \\ 2 &3 &1 \\ 1 & 1 & 5 \end{bmatrix}$;

So, let us assume that $A^{-1} = B$ matrix and $adjA = C$ then;

$|A| = 1(15-1) -2(10-1) +1(2-3) = 14-18-1 = -5 \neq 0$

Hence its inverse exists;

$A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} adjA$ or $B = \frac{1}{|A|}C$;

so, we now calculate the value of $adjA$

Cofactors of A;

$A_{11}= (-1)^{1+1}(15-1) = 14$ $A_{12}= (-1)^{1+2}(10-1) = -9$

$A_{13}= (-1)^{1+3}(2-3) = -1$ $A_{21}= (-1)^{2+1}(10-1) = -9$

$A_{22}= (-1)^{2+2}(5-1) = 4$ $A_{23}= (-1)^{2+3}(1-2) = 1$

$A_{31}= (-1)^{3+1}(2-3) = -1$ $A_{32}= (-1)^{3+2}(1-2) = 1$

$A_{33}= (-1)^{3+3}(3-4) = -1$

$\Rightarrow adjA =C= \begin{bmatrix} 14 &-9 &-1 \\ -9& 4& 1\\ -1& 1 &-1 \end{bmatrix}$

$A^{-1} =B= \frac{1}{|A|} adjA = \frac{1}{-5}\begin{bmatrix} 14 &-9 &-1 \\ -9& 4& 1\\ -1& 1 &-1 \end{bmatrix}$

Finding the inverse of C;

$|C| = 14(-4-1)+9(9+1)-1(-9+4) = -70+90+5 = 25 \neq 0$

Hence its inverse exists;

$C^{-1} = \frac{1}{|C|}adj C$

Now, finding the $adjC$;

$C_{11}= (-1)^{1+1}(-4-1) = -5$ $C_{12}= (-1)^{1+2}(9+1) = -10$

$C_{13}= (-1)^{1+3}(-9+4) = -5$ $C_{21}= (-1)^{2+1}(9+1) = -10$

$C_{22}= (-1)^{2+2}(-14-1) = -15$ $C_{23}= (-1)^{2+3}(14-9) = -5$

$C_{31}= (-1)^{3+1}(-9+4) = -5$ $C_{32}= (-1)^{3+2}(14-9) = -5$

$C_{33}= (-1)^{3+3}(56-81) = -25$

$adjC = \begin{bmatrix} -5 &-10 &-5 \\ -10& -15 & -5\\ -5& -5& -25 \end{bmatrix}$

$C^{-1} = \frac{1}{|C|}adjC = \frac{1}{25}\begin{bmatrix} -5 &-10 &-5 \\ -10& -15 & -5\\ -5& -5& -25 \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} -\frac{1}{5} && -\frac{2}{5} &&-\frac{1}{5} \\ \\ -\frac{2}{5}&& -\frac{3}{5} && -\frac{1}{5}\\ \\ -\frac{1}{5} && -\frac{1}{5} && -1 \end{bmatrix}$

or $L.H.S. = C^{-1} = [adjA]^{-1} = \begin{bmatrix} -\frac{1}{5} && -\frac{2}{5} &&-\frac{1}{5} \\ \\ -\frac{2}{5}&& -\frac{3}{5} && -\frac{1}{5}\\ \\ -\frac{1}{5} && -\frac{1}{5} && -1 \end{bmatrix}$

Now, finding the R.H.S.

$adj (A^{-1}) = adj B$

$A^{-1} =B= \begin{bmatrix} \frac{-14}{5} &&\frac{9}{5} &&\frac{1}{5} \\ \\ \frac{9}{5}&& \frac{-4}{5}&& \frac{-1}{5}\\ \\ \frac{1}{5}&& \frac{-1}{5} &&\frac{1}{5}\end{bmatrix}$

Cofactors of B;

$B_{11}= (-1)^{1+1}(\frac{-4}{25}-\frac{1}{25}) = \frac{-1}{5}$

$B_{12}= (-1)^{1+2}(\frac{9}{25}+\frac{1}{25}) =- \frac{2}{5}$

$B_{13}= (-1)^{1+3}(\frac{-9}{25}+\frac{4}{25}) = \frac{-1}{5}$

$B_{21}= (-1)^{2+1}(\frac{9}{25}+\frac{1}{25}) = -\frac{2}{5}$

$B_{22}= (-1)^{2+2}(\frac{-14}{25}-\frac{1}{25}) = \frac{-3}{5}$

$B_{23}= (-1)^{2+3}(\frac{14}{25}-\frac{9}{25}) = \frac{-1}{5}$

$B_{31}= (-1)^{3+1}(\frac{-9}{25}+\frac{4}{25}) = \frac{-1}{5}$

$B_{32}= (-1)^{3+2}(\frac{14}{25}-\frac{9}{25}) = \frac{-1}{5}$

$B_{33}= (-1)^{3+3}(\frac{56}{25}-\frac{81}{25}) = -1$

$R.H.S. = adjB = adj(A^{-1}) =\begin{bmatrix} -\frac{1}{5} && -\frac{2}{5} &&-\frac{1}{5} \\ \\ -\frac{2}{5}&& -\frac{3}{5} && -\frac{1}{5}\\ \\ -\frac{1}{5} && -\frac{1}{5} && -1 \end{bmatrix}$

Hence L.H.S. = R.H.S. proved.

$\dpi{100} (A^-^1)^-^1=A$

Given that $\dpi{100} A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 &2 &1 \\ 2 &3 &1 \\ 1 & 1 & 5 \end{bmatrix}$;

So, let us assume that $A^{-1} = B$

$|A| = 1(15-1) -2(10-1) +1(2-3) = 14-18-1 = -5 \neq 0$

Hence its inverse exists;

$A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|} adjA$ or $B = \frac{1}{|A|}C$;

so, we now calculate the value of $adjA$

Cofactors of A;

$A_{11}= (-1)^{1+1}(15-1) = 14$ $A_{12}= (-1)^{1+2}(10-1) = -9$

$A_{13}= (-1)^{1+3}(2-3) = -1$ $A_{21}= (-1)^{2+1}(10-1) = -9$

$A_{22}= (-1)^{2+2}(5-1) = 4$ $A_{23}= (-1)^{2+3}(1-2) = 1$

$A_{31}= (-1)^{3+1}(2-3) = -1$ $A_{32}= (-1)^{3+2}(1-2) = 1$

$A_{33}= (-1)^{3+3}(3-4) = -1$

$\Rightarrow adjA =C= \begin{bmatrix} 14 &-9 &-1 \\ -9& 4& 1\\ -1& 1 &-1 \end{bmatrix}$

$A^{-1} =B= \frac{1}{|A|} adjA = \frac{1}{-5}\begin{bmatrix} 14 &-9 &-1 \\ -9& 4& 1\\ -1& 1 &-1 \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} \frac{-14}{5} &&\frac{9}{5} &&\frac{1}{5} \\ \\ \frac{9}{5} && \frac{-4}{5} &&\frac{-1}{5} \\ \\ \frac{1}{5} &&\frac{-1}{5} &&\frac{1}{5} \end{bmatrix}$

Finding the inverse of B ;

$|B| = \frac{-14}{5}(\frac{-4}{25}-\frac{1}{25})-\frac{9}{5}(\frac{9}{25}+\frac{1}{25})+\frac{1}{5}(\frac{-9}{25}+\frac{4}{25})$

$= \frac{70}{125}-\frac{90}{125}-\frac{5}{125} = \frac{-25}{125} = \frac{-1}{5} \neq 0$

Hence its inverse exists;

$B^{-1} = \frac{1}{|B|}adj B$

Now, finding the $adjB$;

$A^{-1} =B= \frac{1}{|A|} adjA = \frac{1}{-5}\begin{bmatrix} 14 &-9 &-1 \\ -9& 4& 1\\ -1& 1 &-1 \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} \frac{-14}{5} &&\frac{9}{5} &&\frac{1}{5} \\ \\ \frac{9}{5} && \frac{-4}{5} &&\frac{-1}{5} \\ \\ \frac{1}{5} &&\frac{-1}{5} &&\frac{1}{5} \end{bmatrix}$

$B_{11}= (-1)^{1+1}(\frac{-4}{25}-\frac{1}{25}) = \frac{-1}{5}$ $B_{12}= (-1)^{1+2}(\frac{9}{25}+\frac{1}{25}) = \frac{-2}{5}$

$B_{13}= (-1)^{1+3}(\frac{-9}{25}+\frac{4}{25}) = \frac{-1}{5}$ $B_{21}= (-1)^{2+1}(\frac{9}{25}+\frac{1}{25}) = -\frac{2}{5}$

$B_{22}= (-1)^{2+2}(\frac{-14}{25}-\frac{1}{25}) = \frac{-3}{5}$ $B_{23}= (-1)^{2+3}(\frac{14}{25}-\frac{9}{25}) = \frac{-1}{5}$

$B_{31}= (-1)^{3+1}(\frac{-9}{25}+\frac{4}{25}) = \frac{-1}{5}$

$B_{32}= (-1)^{3+2}(\frac{14}{25}-\frac{9}{25}) = \frac{-1}{5}$

$B_{33}= (-1)^{3+3}(\frac{56}{25}-\frac{81}{25}) = \frac{-25}{25} =-1$

$adjB = \begin{bmatrix} \frac{-1}{5} &&\frac{-2}{5} &&\frac{-1}{5} \\ \\\frac{-2}{5}&& \frac{-3}{5} && \frac{-1}{5}\\ \\ \frac{-1}{5}&& \frac{-1}{5}&& -1 \end{bmatrix}$

$B^{-1} = \frac{1}{|B|}adjB = \frac{-5}{1}\begin{bmatrix} \frac{-1}{5} &&\frac{-2}{5} &&\frac{-1}{5} \\ \\\frac{-2}{5}&& \frac{-3}{5} && \frac{-1}{5}\\ \\ \frac{-1}{5}&& \frac{-1}{5}&& -1 \end{bmatrix}= \begin{bmatrix} 1 &2 &1 \\ 2& 3& 1\\ 1 & 1 &5 \end{bmatrix}$

$L.H.S. = B^{-1} = (A^{-1})^{-1} = \begin{bmatrix} 1 &2 &1 \\ 2& 3& 1\\ 1 & 1 &5 \end{bmatrix}$

$R.H.S. = A = \begin{bmatrix} 1 &2 &1 \\ 2& 3& 1\\ 1& 1 &5 \end{bmatrix}$

Hence proved L.H.S. =R.H.S..

We have determinant $\triangle = \begin{vmatrix} x & y &x+y \\ y & x+y &x \\ x+y & x & y \end{vmatrix}$

Applying row transformations; $R_{1} \rightarrow R_{1}+R_{2}+R_{3}$ , we have then;

$\triangle = \begin{vmatrix} 2(x+y) & 2(x+y) &2(x+y) \\ y & x+y &x \\ x+y & x & y \end{vmatrix}$

Taking out the common factor 2(x+y) from the row first.

$= 2(x+y)\begin{vmatrix} 1 & 1 &1 \\ y & x+y &x \\ x+y & x & y \end{vmatrix}$

Now, applying the column transformation; $C_{1} \rightarrow C_{1} - C_{2}$ and $C_{2} \rightarrow C_{2} - C_{1}$ we have ;

$= 2(x+y)\begin{vmatrix} 0 & 0 &1 \\ -x & y &x \\ y & x-y & y \end{vmatrix}$

Expanding the remaining determinant;

$= 2(x+y)(-x(x-y)-y^2) = 2(x+y)[-x^2+xy-y^2]$

$= -2(x+y)[x^2-xy+y^2] = -2(x^3+y^3)$.

We have determinant $\triangle = \begin{vmatrix} 1 & x &y \\ 1 &x+y &y \\ 1 &x &x+y \end{vmatrix}$

Applying row transformations; $R_{1} \rightarrow R_{1}-R_{2}$ and $R_{2} \rightarrow R_{2}-R_{3}$ then we have then;

$\triangle = \begin{vmatrix} 0 & -y &0 \\ 0 &y &-x \\ 1 &x &x+y \end{vmatrix}$

Taking out the common factor -y from the row first.

$\triangle = -y\begin{vmatrix} 0 & 1 &0 \\ 0 &y &-x \\ 1 &x &x+y \end{vmatrix}$

Expanding the remaining determinant;

$-y[1(-x-o)] = xy$

Question:11 Using properties of determinants, prove that

$\dpi{100} \begin{vmatrix} \alpha & \alpha ^2 &\beta +\gamma \\ \beta & \beta ^2 &\gamma +\alpha \\ \gamma &\gamma ^2 &\alpha +\beta \end{vmatrix}=(\beta -\gamma )(\gamma -\alpha )(\alpha -\beta )(\alpha +\beta +\gamma )$

Given determinant $\triangle = \begin{vmatrix} \alpha & \alpha ^2 &\beta +\gamma \\ \beta & \beta ^2 &\gamma +\alpha \\ \gamma &\gamma ^2 &\alpha +\beta \end{vmatrix}$

Applying Row transformations; and $R_{3} \rightarrow R_{3}-R_{1}$, then we have;

$\triangle = \begin{vmatrix} \alpha & \alpha ^2 &\beta +\gamma \\ \beta -\alpha & \beta ^2 - \alpha^2 &\alpha - \beta \\ \gamma-\alpha &\gamma ^2-\alpha^2 &\alpha -\gamma \end{vmatrix}$

$= (\beta-\alpha)(\gamma-\alpha)\begin{vmatrix} \alpha & \alpha ^2 &\beta +\gamma \\ 1 & \beta + \alpha &-1 \\ 0 &\gamma-\beta &0\end{vmatrix}$

Expanding the remaining determinant;

$= (\beta-\alpha)(\gamma-\alpha)[-(\gamma-\beta)(-\alpha-\beta-\gamma)]$

$= (\beta-\alpha)(\gamma-\alpha)(\gamma-\beta)(\alpha+\beta+\gamma)$

$=(\alpha-\beta)(\beta-\gamma)(\gamma-\alpha)(\alpha+\beta+\gamma)$

hence the given result is proved.

Question:12 Using properties of determinants, prove that

$\dpi{100} \begin{vmatrix} x & x^2&1+px^3 \\ y& y^2& 1+py^3\\ z&z^2 & 1+pz^3 \end{vmatrix}=(1+pxyz)(x-y)(y-z)(z-x),$ where p is any scalar.

Given the determinant $\triangle = \begin{vmatrix} x & x^2&1+px^3 \\ y& y^2& 1+py^3\\ z&z^2 & 1+pz^3 \end{vmatrix}$

Applying the row transformations; $R_{2} \rightarrow R_{2} - R_{1}$ and $R_{3} \rightarrow R_{3} - R_{1}$ then we have;

$\triangle = \begin{vmatrix} x & x^2&1+px^3 \\ y-x& y^2-x^2& p(y^3-x^3)\\ z-x&z^2-x^2 & p(z^3-x^3) \end{vmatrix}$

Applying row transformation $R_{3} \rightarrow R_{3} - R_{2}$ we have then;

$\triangle =(y-x )(z-x)(z-y)\begin{vmatrix} x & x^2&1+px^3 \\ 1& y+x& p(y^2+x^2+xy)\\ 0&1 & p(x+y+z) \end{vmatrix}$

Now we can expand the remaining determinant to get the result;

$\triangle =(y-x )(z-x)(z-y)[(-1)(p)(xy^2+x^3+x^2y)+1+px^3+p(x+y+z)(xy)]$

$=(x-y)(y-z)(z-x)[-pxy^2-px^3-px^2y+1+px^3+px^2y+pxy^2+pxyz]$

$=(x-y)(y-z)(z-x)(1+pxyz)$

hence the given result is proved.

Question:13 Using properties of determinants, prove that

$\dpi{100} \begin{vmatrix} 3a &-a+b &-a+c \\ -b+c &3b &-b+c \\ -c+a &-c+b &3c \end{vmatrix}=3(a+b+c)(ab+bc+ca)$

Given determinant $\dpi{100} \triangle = \begin{vmatrix} 3a &-a+b &-a+c \\ -b+c &3b &-b+c \\ -c+a &-c+b &3c \end{vmatrix}$

Applying the column transformation, $\dpi{100} C_{1} \rightarrow C_{1} +C_{2}+C_{3}$ we have then;

$\dpi{100} \triangle = \begin{vmatrix} a+b+c &-a+b &-a+c \\ a+b+c &3b &-b+c \\ a+b+c &-c+b &3c \end{vmatrix}$

Taking common factor (a+b+c) out from the column first;

$\dpi{100} =(a+b+c) \begin{vmatrix} 1 &-a+b &-a+c \\ 1 &3b &-b+c \\1 &-c+b &3c \end{vmatrix}$

Applying $\dpi{100} R_{2} \rightarrow R_{2}-R_{1}$ and $\dpi{100} R_{3} \rightarrow R_{3}-R_{1}$, we have then;

$\dpi{100} \triangle=(a+b+c) \begin{vmatrix} 1 &-a+b &-a+c \\ 0 &2b+a &a-b \\0 &a-c &2c+a \end{vmatrix}$

Now we can expand the remaining determinant along $\dpi{100} C_{1}$ we have;

$\dpi{100} \triangle=(a+b+c) [(2b+a)(2c+a)-(a-b)(a-c)]$

$\dpi{100} =(a+b+c) [4bc+2ab+2ac+a^2-a^2+ac+ba-bc]$

$\dpi{100} =(a+b+c)(3ab+3bc+3ac)$

$\dpi{100} =3(a+b+c)(ab+bc+ac)$

Hence proved.

Question:14 Using properties of determinants, prove that

$\dpi{100} \begin{vmatrix} 1 &1+p &1+p+q \\ 2&3+2p &4+3p+2q \\ 3&6+3p & 10+6p+3q \end{vmatrix}=1$

Given determinant $\triangle = \begin{vmatrix} 1 &1+p &1+p+q \\ 2&3+2p &4+3p+2q \\ 3&6+3p & 10+6p+3q \end{vmatrix}$

Applying the row transformation; $R_{2} \rightarrow R_{2}-2R_{1}$ and $R_{3} \rightarrow R_{3}-3R_{1}$ we have then;

$\triangle = \begin{vmatrix} 1 &1+p &1+p+q \\ 0&1 &2+p \\ 0&3 & 7+3p \end{vmatrix}$

Now, applying another row transformation $R_{3}\rightarrow R_{3}-3R_{2}$ we have;

$\triangle = \begin{vmatrix} 1 &1+p &1+p+q \\ 0&1 &2+p \\ 0&0 & 1 \end{vmatrix}$

We can expand the remaining determinant along $C_{1}$, we have;

$\triangle = 1\begin{vmatrix} 1 & 2+p\\ 0 &1 \end{vmatrix} = 1(1-0) =1$

Hence the result is proved.

Question:15 Using properties of determinants, prove that

$\dpi{100} \begin{vmatrix} \sin \alpha &\cos \alpha &\cos (\alpha +\delta ) \\ \sin \beta & \cos \beta & \cos (\beta +\delta )\\ \sin \gamma &\cos \gamma & \cos (\gamma +\delta ) \end{vmatrix}=0$

Given determinant $\triangle = \begin{vmatrix} \sin \alpha &\cos \alpha &\cos (\alpha +\delta ) \\ \sin \beta & \cos \beta & \cos (\beta +\delta )\\ \sin \gamma &\cos \gamma & \cos (\gamma +\delta ) \end{vmatrix}$

Multiplying the first column by $\sin \delta$ and the second column by $\cos \delta$, and expanding the third column, we get

$\triangle =\frac{1}{\sin \delta \cos \delta} \begin{vmatrix} \sin \alpha \sin \delta &\cos \alpha\cos \delta &\cos \alpha \cos \delta -\sin \alpha \sin \delta \\ \sin \beta\sin \delta & \cos \beta\cos \delta & \cos \beta \cos \delta - \sin \beta\sin \delta \\ \sin \gamma\sin \delta &\cos \gamma\cos \delta & \cos \gamma \cos\delta- \sin \gamma\sin \delta \end{vmatrix}$

Applying column transformation, $C_{1} \rightarrow C_{1}+C_{3}$ we have then;

$\triangle =\frac{1}{\sin \delta \cos \delta} \begin{vmatrix} \cos \alpha \cos \delta &\cos \alpha\cos \delta &\cos \alpha \cos \delta -\sin \alpha \sin \delta \\ \cos \beta\cos \delta & \cos \beta\cos \delta & \cos \beta \cos \delta - \sin \beta\sin \delta \\ \cos \gamma\cos \delta &\cos \gamma\cos \delta & \cos \gamma \cos\delta- \sin \gamma\sin \delta \end{vmatrix}$

Here we can see that two columns $C_{1}\ and\ C_{2}$ are identical.

The determinant value is equal to zero. $\therefore \triangle = 0$

Hence proved.

Question:16 Solve the system of equations

$\dpi{100} \frac{2}{x}+\frac{3}{y}+\frac{10}{z}=4$

$\dpi{100} \frac{4}{x}-\frac{6}{y}+\frac{5}{z}=1$

$\dpi{100} \frac{6}{x}+\frac{9}{y}-\frac{20}{z}=2$

We have a system of equations;

$\dpi{100} \frac{2}{x}+\frac{3}{y}+\frac{10}{z}=4$

$\dpi{100} \frac{4}{x}-\frac{6}{y}+\frac{5}{z}=1$

$\dpi{100} \frac{6}{x}+\frac{9}{y}-\frac{20}{z}=2$

So, we will convert the given system of equations in a simple form to solve the problem by the matrix method;

Let us take, $\frac{1}{x} = a$, $\frac{1}{y} = b\ and\ \frac{1}{z} = c$

Then we have the equations;

$\dpi{100} 2a +3b+10c = 4$

$\dpi{100} 4a-6b+5c =1$

$\dpi{100} 6a+9b-20c = 2$

We can write it in the matrix form as $\dpi{100} AX =B$ , where

$\dpi{100} A= \begin{bmatrix} 2 &3 &10 \\ 4& -6 & 5\\ 6 & 9 & -20 \end{bmatrix} , X = \begin{bmatrix} a\\b \\c \end{bmatrix}\ and\ B = \begin{bmatrix} 4\\1 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix}.$

Now, Finding the determinant value of A;

$\dpi{100} |A| = 2(120-45)-3(-80-30)+10(36+36)$

$\dpi{100} =150+330+720$

$\dpi{100} =1200 \neq 0$

Hence we can say that A is non-singular $\dpi{100} \therefore$ its invers exists;

Finding cofactors of A;

$\dpi{100} A_{11} = 75$ , $\dpi{100} A_{12} = 110$, $\dpi{100} A_{13} = 72$

$\dpi{100} A_{21} = 150$, $\dpi{100} A_{22} = -100$, $\dpi{100} A_{23} = 0$

$\dpi{100} A_{31} =75$, $\dpi{100} A_{31} =30$, $\dpi{100} A_{33} =-24$

$\dpi{100} \therefore$ as we know $\dpi{100} A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|}adjA$

$\dpi{100} = \frac{1}{1200} \begin{bmatrix} 75 &150 &75 \\ 110& -100& 30\\ 72&0 &-24 \end{bmatrix}$

Now we will find the solutions by relation $\dpi{100} X = A^{-1}B$.

$\dpi{100} \Rightarrow \begin{bmatrix} a\\b \\ c \end{bmatrix} = \frac{1}{1200} \begin{bmatrix} 75 &150 &75 \\ 110& -100& 30\\ 72&0 &-24 \end{bmatrix}\begin{bmatrix} 4\\1 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix}$

$\dpi{100} = \frac{1}{1200}\begin{bmatrix} 300+150+150\\440-100+60 \\ 288+0-48 \end{bmatrix}$

$\dpi{100} = \frac{1}{1200}\begin{bmatrix} 600\\400\\ 240 \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} \frac{1}{2}\\ \\ \frac{1}{3} \\ \\ \frac{1}{5} \end{bmatrix}$

Therefore we have the solutions $\dpi{100} a = \frac{1}{2},\ b= \frac{1}{3},\ and\ c = \frac{1}{5}.$

Or in terms of x, y, and z;

$\dpi{100} x =2,\ y =3,\ and\ z = 5$

If $\dpi{100} a,b,c,$ are in A.P, then the determinant
$\dpi{100} \begin{vmatrix} x+2 &x+3 &x+2a \\ x+3 & x+4 & x+2b\\ x+4 & x+5 &x+2c \end{vmatrix}$is

(A) $\dpi{100} 0$ (B) $\dpi{100} 1$ (C) $\dpi{100} x$ (D) $\dpi{100} 2x$

Given determinant $\triangle = \begin{vmatrix} x+2 &x+3 &x+2a \\ x+3 & x+4 & x+2b\\ x+4 & x+5 &x+2c \end{vmatrix}$and given that a, b, c are in A.P.

That means , 2b =a+c

$\triangle = \begin{vmatrix} x+2 &x+3 &x+2a \\ x+3 & x+4 & x+(a+c)\\ x+4 & x+5 &x+2c \end{vmatrix}$

Applying the row transformations, $R_{1} \rightarrow R_{1} -R_{2}$ and then $R_{3} \rightarrow R_{3} -R_{2}$ we have;

$\triangle = \begin{vmatrix} -1 &-1 &a-c \\ x+3 & x+4 & x+(a+c)\\ 1 & 1 &c-a \end{vmatrix}$

Now, applying another row transformation, $R_{1} \rightarrow R_{1} + R_{3}$, we have

$\triangle = \begin{vmatrix} 0 &0 &0 \\ x+3 & x+4 & x+(a+c)\\ 1 & 1 &c-a \end{vmatrix}$

Clearly we have the determinant value equal to zero;

Hence the option (A) is correct.

If x, y, z are nonzero real numbers, then the inverse of matrix $A=\begin{bmatrix} x &0 &0 \\ 0 &y &0 \\ 0 & 0 & z \end{bmatrix}$ is

$(A)\begin{bmatrix} x^-^1 &0 &0 \\ 0 &y^-^1 &0 \\ 0 & 0 & z^-^1 \end{bmatrix}$ $(B)xyz\begin{bmatrix} x^-^1 &0 &0 \\ 0 &y^-^1 &0 \\ 0 & 0 & z^-^1 \end{bmatrix}$

$(C)\frac{1}{xyz}\begin{bmatrix} x &0 &0 \\ 0 &y &0 \\ 0 & 0 & z \end{bmatrix}$ $(D)\frac{1}{xyz}\begin{bmatrix} 1 &0 &0 \\ 0 &1 &0 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$

Given Matrix $A=\begin{bmatrix} x &0 &0 \\ 0 &y &0 \\ 0 & 0 & z \end{bmatrix}$,

$|A| = x(yz-0) =xyz$

As we know,

$A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|}adjA$

So, we will find the $adjA$,

Determining its cofactor first,

$A_{11} = yz$ $A_{12} = 0$ $A_{13} = 0$

$A_{21} = 0$ $A_{22} = xz$ $A_{23} = 0$

$A_{31} = 0$ $A_{32} = 0$ $A_{33} = xy$

Hence $A^{-1} = \frac{1}{|A|}adjA = \frac{1}{xyz}\begin{bmatrix} yz &0 &0 \\ 0& xz & 0\\ 0& 0& xy \end{bmatrix}$

$A^{-1} = \begin{bmatrix} \frac{1}{x} &&0 &&0 \\ 0&& \frac{1}{y} && 0\\ 0&& 0&& \frac{1}{z} \end{bmatrix}$

Therefore the correct answer is (A)

Let $A=\begin{vmatrix} 1 &\sin \theta &1 \\ -\sin \theta & 1 & \sin \theta \\ -1&-\sin \theta &1 \end{vmatrix},$ where $0\leq \theta \leq 2\pi$. Then

(A)$Det(A)=0$ nbsp; (B) $Det(A)\in (2,\infty)$

(C) $Det(A)\in (2,4)$ (D)$Det(A)\in [2,4]$

Given determinant $A=\begin{vmatrix} 1 &\sin \theta &1 \\ -\sin \theta & 1 & \sin \theta \\ -1&-\sin \theta &1 \end{vmatrix}$

$|A| = 1(1+\sin^2 \Theta) -\sin \Theta(-\sin \Theta+\sin \Theta)+1(\sin^2 \Theta +1)$

$= 1+ \sin ^2 \Theta + \sin ^2 \Theta +1$

$= 2+2\sin ^2 \Theta = 2(1+\sin^2 \Theta)$

Now, given the range of $\Theta$ from $0\leq \Theta \leq 2\pi$

$\Rightarrow 0 \leq \sin \Theta \leq 1$

$\Rightarrow 0 \leq \sin^2 \Theta \leq 1$

$\Rightarrow 1 \leq 1+\sin^2 \Theta \leq 2$

$\Rightarrow 2 \leq 2(1+\sin^2 \Theta) \leq 4$

Therefore the $|A|\ \epsilon\ [2,4]$.

Hence the correct answer is D.

More About NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Miscellaneous Exercise:-

The first 10 questions in the NCERT book Class 12 Maths chapter 4 miscellaneous exercise are related to solving the determinants and the next five questions are related to solving determinants using properties of determinants. There are three multiple-choice types of questions in this exercise. Before this exercise, there are five solved examples given in the NCERT textbook which you can solve to get conceptual clarity. Miscellaneous exercises questions are considered to be very important for board exams and for competitive exams. If you are preparing for engineering competitive exams, you must try to solve questions from this exercise. For good score in the CBSE board exam following NCERT syllabus will be helpful.

Also Read| Determinants Class 12 Chapter 4 Notes

Benefits of NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Miscellaneous Exercise:-

• Class 12 Maths chapter 4 miscellaneous solutions are designed in a very detailed manner which could be understood by an average student also.
• As miscellaneous exercise questions are difficult as compared to the previous exercise, you may not be able to these questions.
• You can take NCERT solutions for Class 12 Maths chapter 4 miscellaneous exercise for reference while solving miscellaneous questions.
• Miscellaneous exercise chapter 4 Class 12 will check your understanding of this chapter.

Subject Wise NCERT Exampler Solutions

Happy learning!!!

1. What is the value of determinant, If any two rows of a determinant are identical ?

The value of the determinant is zero if any two rows of a determinant are identical.

2. What is the value of determinant if any two rows of a determinant are proportional ?

The value of the determinant is zero If any two rows of a determinant are proportional.

3. If |A| = 3 and the first row matrix A is multiplied by 3 then what is the value of |A|?

If first row of matrix A is multiplied by 3 then the new value of |A| = 3x3 = 9.

4. Can you find the inverse of a singular matrix ?

No, singular matrices are non-invertible.

5. If transpose of matrix A and matrix A are equal then such matrix is called ?

If the transpose of matrix A and matrix A are equal then such matrix is called symmetric matrix.

6. What is the definition of diagonal matrix ?

The matrix has all the non-diagonal elements zero is called a diagonal matrix.

7. Do all the identity matrices are diagonal matrices ?

Yes,  all the identity matrices are diagonal matrices.

8. Do CBSE provides solutions for miscellaneous exercise ?

No, CBSE doesn't provide NCERT solutions for miscellaneous exercises.

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Questions related to CBSE Class 12th

Have a question related to CBSE Class 12th ?

hello,

Yes you can appear for the compartment paper again since CBSE gives three chances to a candidate to clear his/her exams so you still have two more attempts. However, you can appear for your improvement paper for all subjects but you cannot appear for the ones in which you have failed.

Good Luck

Hello dear,

If you was not able to clear 1st compartment and now you giving second compartment so YES, you can go for your improvement exam next year but if a student receives an improvement, they are given the opportunity to retake the boards as a private candidate the following year, but there are some requirements. First, the student must pass all of their subjects; if they received a compartment in any subject, they must then pass the compartment exam before being eligible for the improvement.

As you can registered yourself as private candidate for giving your improvement exam of 12 standard CBSE(Central Board of Secondary Education).For that you have to wait for a whole year which is bit difficult for you.

Positive side of waiting for whole year is you have a whole year to preparing yourself for your examination. You have no distraction or something which may causes your failure in the exams. In whole year you have to stay focused on your 12 standard examination for doing well in it. By this you get a highest marks as a comparison of others.

Believe in Yourself! You can make anything happen

All the very best.

Hello Student,

I appreciate your Interest in education. See the improvement is not restricted to one subject or multiple subjects  and  we cannot say if improvement in one subject in one year leads to improvement in more subjects in coming year.

You just need to have a revision of all subjects what you have completed in the school. have a revision and practice of subjects and concepts helps you better.

All the best.

If you'll do hard work then by hard work of 6 months you can achieve your goal but you have to start studying for it dont waste your time its a very important year so please dont waste it otherwise you'll regret.

Yes, you can take admission in class 12th privately there are many colleges in which you can give 12th privately.

A block of mass 0.50 kg is moving with a speed of 2.00 ms-1 on a smooth surface. It strikes another mass of 1.00 kg and then they move together as a single body. The energy loss during the collision is

 Option 1) Option 2) Option 3) Option 4)

A person trying to lose weight by burning fat lifts a mass of 10 kg upto a height of 1 m 1000 times.  Assume that the potential energy lost each time he lowers the mass is dissipated.  How much fat will he use up considering the work done only when the weight is lifted up ?  Fat supplies 3.8×107 J of energy per kg which is converted to mechanical energy with a 20% efficiency rate.  Take g = 9.8 ms−2 :

 Option 1) 2.45×10−3 kg Option 2)  6.45×10−3 kg Option 3)  9.89×10−3 kg Option 4) 12.89×10−3 kg

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 Option 1) Option 2) Option 3) Option 4)

A particle is projected at 600   to the horizontal with a kinetic energy . The kinetic energy at the highest point

 Option 1) Option 2) Option 3) Option 4)

In the reaction,

 Option 1)   at STP  is produced for every mole   consumed Option 2)   is consumed for ever      produced Option 3) is produced regardless of temperature and pressure for every mole Al that reacts Option 4) at STP is produced for every mole Al that reacts .

How many moles of magnesium phosphate, will contain 0.25 mole of oxygen atoms?

 Option 1) 0.02 Option 2) 3.125 × 10-2 Option 3) 1.25 × 10-2 Option 4) 2.5 × 10-2

If we consider that 1/6, in place of 1/12, mass of carbon atom is taken to be the relative atomic mass unit, the mass of one mole of a substance will

 Option 1) decrease twice Option 2) increase two fold Option 3) remain unchanged Option 4) be a function of the molecular mass of the substance.

With increase of temperature, which of these changes?

 Option 1) Molality Option 2) Weight fraction of solute Option 3) Fraction of solute present in water Option 4) Mole fraction.

Number of atoms in 558.5 gram Fe (at. wt.of Fe = 55.85 g mol-1) is

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Transportation Planner

A career as Transportation Planner requires technical application of science and technology in engineering, particularly the concepts, equipment and technologies involved in the production of products and services. In fields like land use, infrastructure review, ecological standards and street design, he or she considers issues of health, environment and performance. A Transportation Planner assigns resources for implementing and designing programmes. He or she is responsible for assessing needs, preparing plans and forecasts and compliance with regulations.

3 Jobs Available
Conservation Architect

A Conservation Architect is a professional responsible for conserving and restoring buildings or monuments having a historic value. He or she applies techniques to document and stabilise the object’s state without any further damage. A Conservation Architect restores the monuments and heritage buildings to bring them back to their original state.

2 Jobs Available
Safety Manager

A Safety Manager is a professional responsible for employee’s safety at work. He or she plans, implements and oversees the company’s employee safety. A Safety Manager ensures compliance and adherence to Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) guidelines.

2 Jobs Available

A Team Leader is a professional responsible for guiding, monitoring and leading the entire group. He or she is responsible for motivating team members by providing a pleasant work environment to them and inspiring positive communication. A Team Leader contributes to the achievement of the organisation’s goals. He or she improves the confidence, product knowledge and communication skills of the team members and empowers them.

2 Jobs Available
Structural Engineer

A Structural Engineer designs buildings, bridges, and other related structures. He or she analyzes the structures and makes sure the structures are strong enough to be used by the people. A career as a Structural Engineer requires working in the construction process. It comes under the civil engineering discipline. A Structure Engineer creates structural models with the help of computer-aided design software.

2 Jobs Available
Architect

Individuals in the architecture career are the building designers who plan the whole construction keeping the safety and requirements of the people. Individuals in architect career in India provides professional services for new constructions, alterations, renovations and several other activities. Individuals in architectural careers in India visit site locations to visualize their projects and prepare scaled drawings to submit to a client or employer as a design. Individuals in architecture careers also estimate build costs, materials needed, and the projected time frame to complete a build.

2 Jobs Available
Landscape Architect

Having a landscape architecture career, you are involved in site analysis, site inventory, land planning, planting design, grading, stormwater management, suitable design, and construction specification. Frederick Law Olmsted, the designer of Central Park in New York introduced the title “landscape architect”. The Australian Institute of Landscape Architects (AILA) proclaims that "Landscape Architects research, plan, design and advise on the stewardship, conservation and sustainability of development of the environment and spaces, both within and beyond the built environment". Therefore, individuals who opt for a career as a landscape architect are those who are educated and experienced in landscape architecture. Students need to pursue various landscape architecture degrees, such as M.Des, M.Plan to become landscape architects. If you have more questions regarding a career as a landscape architect or how to become a landscape architect then you can read the article to get your doubts cleared.

2 Jobs Available
Plumber

An expert in plumbing is aware of building regulations and safety standards and works to make sure these standards are upheld. Testing pipes for leakage using air pressure and other gauges, and also the ability to construct new pipe systems by cutting, fitting, measuring and threading pipes are some of the other more involved aspects of plumbing. Individuals in the plumber career path are self-employed or work for a small business employing less than ten people, though some might find working for larger entities or the government more desirable.

2 Jobs Available
Orthotist and Prosthetist

Orthotists and Prosthetists are professionals who provide aid to patients with disabilities. They fix them to artificial limbs (prosthetics) and help them to regain stability. There are times when people lose their limbs in an accident. In some other occasions, they are born without a limb or orthopaedic impairment. Orthotists and prosthetists play a crucial role in their lives with fixing them to assistive devices and provide mobility.

6 Jobs Available
Veterinary Doctor

A veterinary doctor is a medical professional with a degree in veterinary science. The veterinary science qualification is the minimum requirement to become a veterinary doctor. There are numerous veterinary science courses offered by various institutes. He or she is employed at zoos to ensure they are provided with good health facilities and medical care to improve their life expectancy.

5 Jobs Available
Pathologist

A career in pathology in India is filled with several responsibilities as it is a medical branch and affects human lives. The demand for pathologists has been increasing over the past few years as people are getting more aware of different diseases. Not only that, but an increase in population and lifestyle changes have also contributed to the increase in a pathologist’s demand. The pathology careers provide an extremely huge number of opportunities and if you want to be a part of the medical field you can consider being a pathologist. If you want to know more about a career in pathology in India then continue reading this article.

5 Jobs Available
Gynaecologist

Gynaecology can be defined as the study of the female body. The job outlook for gynaecology is excellent since there is evergreen demand for one because of their responsibility of dealing with not only women’s health but also fertility and pregnancy issues. Although most women prefer to have a women obstetrician gynaecologist as their doctor, men also explore a career as a gynaecologist and there are ample amounts of male doctors in the field who are gynaecologists and aid women during delivery and childbirth.

4 Jobs Available
Surgical Technologist

When it comes to an operation theatre, there are several tasks that are to be carried out before as well as after the operation or surgery has taken place. Such tasks are not possible without surgical tech and surgical tech tools. A single surgeon cannot do it all alone. It’s like for a footballer he needs his team’s support to score a goal the same goes for a surgeon. It is here, when a surgical technologist comes into the picture. It is the job of a surgical technologist to prepare the operation theatre with all the required equipment before the surgery. Not only that, once an operation is done it is the job of the surgical technologist to clean all the equipment. One has to fulfil the minimum requirements of surgical tech qualifications.

3 Jobs Available
Oncologist

An oncologist is a specialised doctor responsible for providing medical care to patients diagnosed with cancer. He or she uses several therapies to control the cancer and its effect on the human body such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and biopsy. An oncologist designs a treatment plan based on a pathology report after diagnosing the type of cancer and where it is spreading inside the body.

3 Jobs Available
Chemical Pathologist

Are you searching for a chemical pathologist job description? A chemical pathologist is a skilled professional in healthcare who utilises biochemical laboratory tests to diagnose disease by analysing the levels of various components or constituents in the patient’s body fluid.

2 Jobs Available
Biochemical Engineer

A Biochemical Engineer is a professional involved in the study of proteins, viruses, cells and other biological substances. He or she utilises his or her scientific knowledge to develop products, medicines or ways to improve quality and refine processes. A Biochemical Engineer studies chemical functions occurring in a living organism’s body. He or she utilises the observed knowledge to alter the composition of products and develop new processes. A Biochemical Engineer may develop biofuels or environmentally friendly methods to dispose of waste generated by industries.

2 Jobs Available
Actor

For an individual who opts for a career as an actor, the primary responsibility is to completely speak to the character he or she is playing and to persuade the crowd that the character is genuine by connecting with them and bringing them into the story. This applies to significant roles and littler parts, as all roles join to make an effective creation. Here in this article, we will discuss how to become an actor in India, actor exams, actor salary in India, and actor jobs.

4 Jobs Available
Acrobat

Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

3 Jobs Available
Video Game Designer

Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages. Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

3 Jobs Available
Talent Agent

The career as a Talent Agent is filled with responsibilities. A Talent Agent is someone who is involved in the pre-production process of the film. It is a very busy job for a Talent Agent but as and when an individual gains experience and progresses in the career he or she can have people assisting him or her in work. Depending on one’s responsibilities, number of clients and experience he or she may also have to lead a team and work with juniors under him or her in a talent agency. In order to know more about the job of a talent agent continue reading the article.

If you want to know more about talent agent meaning, how to become a Talent Agent, or Talent Agent job description then continue reading this article.

3 Jobs Available

Radio Jockey is an exciting, promising career and a great challenge for music lovers. If you are really interested in a career as radio jockey, then it is very important for an RJ to have an automatic, fun, and friendly personality. If you want to get a job done in this field, a strong command of the language and a good voice are always good things. Apart from this, in order to be a good radio jockey, you will also listen to good radio jockeys so that you can understand their style and later make your own by practicing.

A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.

3 Jobs Available
Social Media Manager

A career as social media manager involves implementing the company’s or brand’s marketing plan across all social media channels. Social media managers help in building or improving a brand’s or a company’s website traffic, build brand awareness, create and implement marketing and brand strategy. Social media managers are key to important social communication as well.

2 Jobs Available
Choreographer

The word “choreography" actually comes from Greek words that mean “dance writing." Individuals who opt for a career as a choreographer create and direct original dances, in addition to developing interpretations of existing dances. A Choreographer dances and utilises his or her creativity in other aspects of dance performance. For example, he or she may work with the music director to select music or collaborate with other famous choreographers to enhance such performance elements as lighting, costume and set design.

2 Jobs Available
Talent Director

Individuals who opt for a career as a talent director are professionals who work in the entertainment industry. He or she is responsible for finding out the right talent through auditions for films, theatre productions, or shows. A talented director possesses strong knowledge of computer software used in filmmaking, CGI and animation. A talent acquisition director keeps himself or herself updated on various technical aspects such as lighting, camera angles and shots.

2 Jobs Available
Copy Writer

In a career as a copywriter, one has to consult with the client and understand the brief well. A career as a copywriter has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. Several new mediums of advertising are opening therefore making it a lucrative career choice. Students can pursue various copywriter courses such as Journalism, Advertising, Marketing Management. Here, we have discussed how to become a freelance copywriter, copywriter career path, how to become a copywriter in India, and copywriting career outlook.

5 Jobs Available
Journalist

Careers in journalism are filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. As it is the small details that provide insights into a story. Depending on those insights a journalist goes about writing a news article. A journalism career can be stressful at times but if you are someone who is passionate about it then it is the right choice for you. If you want to know more about the media field and journalist career then continue reading this article.

3 Jobs Available
Publisher

For publishing books, newspapers, magazines and digital material, editorial and commercial strategies are set by publishers. Individuals in publishing career paths make choices about the markets their businesses will reach and the type of content that their audience will be served. Individuals in book publisher careers collaborate with editorial staff, designers, authors, and freelance contributors who develop and manage the creation of content.

3 Jobs Available
Vlogger

In a career as a vlogger, one generally works for himself or herself. However, once an individual has gained viewership there are several brands and companies that approach them for paid collaboration. It is one of those fields where an individual can earn well while following his or her passion. Ever since internet cost got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, the career as vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the career as vlogger, how to become a vlogger, so on and so forth then continue reading the article. Students can visit Jamia Millia Islamia, Asian College of Journalism, Indian Institute of Mass Communication to pursue journalism degrees.

3 Jobs Available
Editor

Individuals in the editor career path is an unsung hero of the news industry who polishes the language of the news stories provided by stringers, reporters, copywriters and content writers and also news agencies. Individuals who opt for a career as an editor make it more persuasive, concise and clear for readers. In this article, we will discuss the details of the editor's career path such as how to become an editor in India, editor salary in India and editor skills and qualities.

3 Jobs Available
Content Writer

Content writing is meant to speak directly with a particular audience, such as customers, potential customers, investors, employees, or other stakeholders. The main aim of professional content writers is to speak to their targeted audience and if it is not then it is not doing its job. There are numerous kinds of the content present on the website and each is different based on the service or the product it is used for.

2 Jobs Available
Reporter

Individuals who opt for a career as a reporter may often be at work on national holidays and festivities. He or she pitches various story ideas and covers news stories in risky situations. Students can pursue a BMC (Bachelor of Mass Communication), B.M.M. (Bachelor of Mass Media), or MAJMC (MA in Journalism and Mass Communication) to become a reporter. While we sit at home reporters travel to locations to collect information that carries a news value.

2 Jobs Available
Linguist

Linguistic meaning is related to language or Linguistics which is the study of languages. A career as a linguistic meaning, a profession that is based on the scientific study of language, and it's a very broad field with many specialities. Famous linguists work in academia, researching and teaching different areas of language, such as phonetics (sounds), syntax (word order) and semantics (meaning).

Other researchers focus on specialities like computational linguistics, which seeks to better match human and computer language capacities, or applied linguistics, which is concerned with improving language education. Still, others work as language experts for the government, advertising companies, dictionary publishers and various other private enterprises. Some might work from home as freelance linguists. Philologist, phonologist, and dialectician are some of Linguist synonym. Linguists can study French, German, Italian

2 Jobs Available
Production Manager

Production Manager Job Description: A Production Manager is responsible for ensuring smooth running of manufacturing processes in an efficient manner. He or she plans and organises production schedules. The role of Production Manager involves estimation, negotiation on budget and timescales with the clients and managers.

3 Jobs Available
Product Manager

A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.

3 Jobs Available
Quality Controller

A quality controller plays a crucial role in an organisation. He or she is responsible for performing quality checks on manufactured products. He or she identifies the defects in a product and rejects the product.

A quality controller records detailed information about products with defects and sends it to the supervisor or plant manager to take necessary actions to improve the production process.

3 Jobs Available
Production Engineer

A career as Production Engineer is crucial in the manufacturing industry. He or she ensures the functionality of production equipment and machinery to improve productivity and minimize production costs in order to drive revenues and increase profitability.

2 Jobs Available
Automation Test Engineer

An Automation Test Engineer job involves executing automated test scripts. He or she identifies the project’s problems and troubleshoots them. The role involves documenting the defect using management tools. He or she works with the application team in order to resolve any issues arising during the testing process.

2 Jobs Available
Product Designer

Individuals who opt for a career as product designers are responsible for designing the components and overall product concerning its shape, size, and material used in manufacturing. They are responsible for the aesthetic appearance of the product. A product designer uses his or her creative skills to give a product its final outlook and ensures the functionality of the design.

Students can opt for various product design degrees such as B.Des and M.Des to become product designers. Industrial product designer prepares 3D models of designs for approval and discusses them with clients and other colleagues. Individuals who opt for a career as a product designer estimate the total cost involved in designing.

2 Jobs Available
R&D Personnel

A career as R&D Personnel requires researching, planning, and implementing new programs and protocols into their organization and overseeing new products’ development. He or she uses his or her creative abilities to improve the existing products as per the requirements of the target market.

2 Jobs Available
Commercial Manager

A Commercial Manager negotiates, advises and secures information about pricing for commercial contracts. He or she is responsible for developing financial plans in order to maximise the business's profitability.

2 Jobs Available
Product Manager

A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.

3 Jobs Available
ITSM Manager

ITSM Manager is a professional responsible for heading the ITSM (Information Technology Service Management) or (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) processes. He or she ensures that operation management provides appropriate resource levels for problem resolutions. The ITSM Manager oversees the level of prioritisation for the problems, critical incidents, planned as well as proactive tasks.

3 Jobs Available
Information Security Manager

Individuals in the information security manager career path involves in overseeing and controlling all aspects of computer security. The IT security manager job description includes planning and carrying out security measures to protect the business data and information from corruption, theft, unauthorised access, and deliberate attack

3 Jobs Available
Computer Programmer

Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover include wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech enthusiasts. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word-processing applications and browsers.

3 Jobs Available
Computer System Analyst

Individuals in the computer systems analyst career path study the hardware and applications that are part of an organization's computer systems, as well as how they are used. They collaborate closely with managers and end-users to identify system specifications and business priorities, as well as to assess the efficiency of computer systems and create techniques to boost IT efficiency. Individuals who opt for a career as a computer system analyst support the implementation, modification, and debugging of new systems after they have been installed.

2 Jobs Available
Test Manager

A Test Manager is a professional responsible for planning, coordinating and controlling test activities. He or she develops test processes and strategies to analyse and determine test methods and tools for test activities. The test manager jobs involve documenting tests that have been carried out, analysing and evaluating software quality to determine further recommended procedures.

2 Jobs Available
Azure Developer

A career as Azure Developer comes with the responsibility of designing and developing cloud-based applications and maintaining software components. He or she possesses an in-depth knowledge of cloud computing and Azure app service.

2 Jobs Available
Deep Learning Engineer

A Deep Learning Engineer is an IT professional who is responsible for developing and managing data pipelines. He or she is knowledgeable about analyzing and storing data collected from various sources.  A Career as a Deep Learning Engineer needs to help the  data scientists and analysts to create effective data sets.

2 Jobs Available