NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 13 Limits and Derivatives

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# NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 13 Limits and Derivatives

Edited By Ramraj Saini | Updated on Sep 25, 2023 07:42 PM IST

## Limits and Derivatives Class 11 Questions And Answers

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 13 Limits and Derivatives are provided here. This Class 11 NCERT syllabus introduces an important area of mathematics called calculus. This is a branch of mathematics which deal with the study of change in the value of a function as the points in the domain change. In this article, you will get limits and derivatives class 11 NCERT solutions that are prepared by highly qualified teachers keeping in mind latest syllabus of CBSE 2023, simple and provide step by step solution to each problem. Students can get all NCERT solutions at one place and practice them to develop indepth understanding of the concepts.

In class 11 maths chapter 13 question answer, you will get questions related to all the above topics. This chapter is very important for both class 11 final examination and various competitive exams like JEE Main, JEE Advanced, VITEEE, BITSAT, etc. There are 43 questions in 2 exercises limits and derivatives class 11. The first exercise of this chapter deals with problems on limits and the second exercise deals with problems on derivatives. Students can find all NCERT solution for class 11 at one pace for hare and practice them.

## Limits and Derivatives Class 11 Solutions - Important Formulae

Limits:

The limit of a function f(x) as x approaches a, denoted as lim(xâ†’a) f(x), exists when both the left-hand limit (lim(xâ†’a-) f(x)) and right-hand limit (lim(xâ†’a+) f(x)) exist and are equal (lim(xâ†’a-) f(x) = lim(xâ†’a+) f(x)).

Left-Hand and Right-Hand Limits:

Left-Hand Limit: f(a-0) = lim(xâ†’a-) f(x) = lim(hâ†’0) f(a-h)

Right-Hand Limit: f(a+0) = lim(xâ†’a+) f(x) = lim(hâ†’0) f(a+h)

Properties of Limits:

If lim(xâ†’a) f(x) and lim(xâ†’a) g(x) both exist:

• Sum Rule: lim(xâ†’a) [f(x) Â± g(x)] = lim(xâ†’a) f(x) Â± lim(xâ†’a) g(x)

• Constant Rule: lim(xâ†’a) kf(x) = k lim(xâ†’a) f(x)

• Product Rule: lim(xâ†’a) [f(x) * g(x)] = lim(xâ†’a) f(x) * lim(xâ†’a) g(x)

• Quotient Rule: lim(xâ†’a) [f(x)/g(x)] = [lim(xâ†’a) f(x)] / [lim(xâ†’a) g(x)] (provided lim(xâ†’a) g(x) â‰  0)

Standard Limits:

• lim(xâ†’a) [(xn - an)/(x - a)] = na(n-1)

• lim(xâ†’0) [(sin(x))/x] = 1

• lim(xâ†’0) [(tan(x))/x] = 1

• lim(xâ†’0) [(ax - 1)/x] = ln(a)

• lim(xâ†’0) [(ex - 1)/x] = 1

• lim(xâ†’0) [(ln(1+x))/x] = 1

Derivatives:

The derivative of a function f at a point x, denoted as f'(x), is defined as:

• f'(x) = lim(hâ†’0) [(f(x+h) - f(x))/h]

Properties of Derivatives:

If f(x) and g(x) have derivatives in a common domain:c

• Sum Rule: [d/dx (f(x) + g(x))] = [d/dx (f(x))] + [d/dx (g(x))]

• Difference Rule: [d/dx (f(x) - g(x))] = [d/dx (f(x))] - [d/dx (g(x))]

• Product Rule: [d/dx (f(x) * g(x))] = [d/dx f(x)] * g(x) + f(x) * [d/dx g(x)]

• Quotient Rule: [d/dx (f(x)/g(x))] = ([d/dx f(x)] * g(x) - f(x) * [d/dx g(x)]) / [g(x)]2

Standard Derivatives:

• [d/dx (x^n)] = n * x(n-1)

• [d/dx (sin(x))] = cos(x)

• [d/dx (cos(x))] = -sin(x)

• [d/dx (tan(x))] = sec2(x)

• [d/dx (cot(x))] = -csc2(x)

• [d/dx (sec(x))] = sec(x) * tan(x)

• [d/dx (csc(x))] = -csc(x) * cot(x)

• [d/dx (a^x)] = ax * ln(a)

• [d/dx (e^x)] = ex

• [d/dx (ln(x))] = 1/x

Free download NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 13 Limits and Derivatives for CBSE Exam.

## Limits and Derivatives Class 11 NCERT Solutions (Intext Questions and Exercise)

Limits and derivatives class 11 questions and answers - Exercise: 13.1

Question:1 Evaluate the following limits

$\lim_{x\rightarrow 3} x +3$

$\lim_{x\rightarrow 3} x +3$

$\Rightarrow \lim_{x\rightarrow 3} 3 +3$

$\Rightarrow 6$ Answer

Below you can find the solution:

$\lim_{x \rightarrow \pi } \left ( x - 22/7 \right )=\pi-\frac{22}{7}$

The limit

$\lim_{r \rightarrow 1} \pi r^2=\pi(1)^2=\pi$

Answer is $\pi$

The limit

$\lim_{x \rightarrow {4}} \frac{4x+3 }{x-2}$

$\Rightarrow \frac{4(4)+3 }{(4)-2}$

$\Rightarrow \frac{19 }{2}$ (Answer)

The limit

$\lim_{x \rightarrow {4}} \frac{x^{10}+ x^5 + 1 }{x-1}$

$\Rightarrow \frac{(-1)^{10}+ (-1)^5 + 1 }{(-1)-1}$

$\Rightarrow \frac{1-1+1}{-2}$

$\Rightarrow -\frac{1}{2}$ (Answer)

The limit

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0 }\frac{( x+1)^5 -1}{x }$

Lets put

$x+1=y$

since we have changed the function, its limit will also change,

so

$x\rightarrow 0,y\rightarrow 0+1=1$

So our function have became

$\lim_{y \rightarrow 1 }\frac{ y^5 -1}{y-1 }$

Now As we know the property

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 1 }\frac{ x^5 -a^n}{x-a }=na^{n-1}$

$\lim_{y \rightarrow 1 }\frac{ y^5 -1}{y-1 }=5(1)^5=5$

Hence,

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0 }\frac{( x+1)^5 -1}{x }=5$

The limit

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 2} \frac{3 x^2 - x -10 }{x^2 -4}$

$\Rightarrow \lim_{x \rightarrow 2} \frac{(x-2)(3x+5) }{(x-2)(x+2)}$

$\Rightarrow \lim_{x \rightarrow 2} \frac{(3x+5) }{(x+2)}$

$\Rightarrow \frac{(3(2)+5) }{((2)+2)}$

$\Rightarrow \frac{11 }{4}$ (Answer)

The limit

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 3} \frac{x ^4 -81}{2x^2 -5x -3}$

At x = 2 both numerator and denominator becomes zero, so lets factorise the function

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 3} \frac{(x-3)(x+3)(x^2+9)}{(x-3)(2x+1)}$

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 3} \frac{(x+3)(x^2+9)}{(2x+1)}$

Now we can put the limit directly, so

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 3} \frac{(x+3)(x^2+9)}{(2x+1)}$

$\Rightarrow \frac{((3)+3)((3)^2+9)}{(2(3)+1)}$

$\Rightarrow \frac{6\times18}{7}$

$\Rightarrow \frac{108}{7}$

The limit,

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0 } \frac{ax +b}{cx+1}$

$\Rightarrow \frac{a(0) +b}{c(0)+1}$

$\Rightarrow b$ (Answer)

The limit

$\lim_{z\rightarrow 1} \frac{z^{1/3}-1}{z^{1/6}-1}$

Here on directly putting limit , both numerator and the deniminator becomes zero so we factorize the function and then put the limit.

$\lim_{z\rightarrow 1} \frac{z^{1/3}-1}{z^{1/6}-1}=\lim_{z\rightarrow 1} \frac{z^{(1/6)^2}-1^2}{z^{1/6}-1}$

$=\lim_{z\rightarrow 1} \frac{(z^{(1/6)}-1)(z^{(1/6)}+1)}{z^{1/6}-1}$

$=1+1$

$=2$ (Answer)

The limit:

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 1} \frac{ax ^2 +bx + c }{cx^2 + bx + a }, a+b +c \neq 0$

Since Denominator is not zero on directly putting the limit, we can directly put the limits, so,

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 1} \frac{ax ^2 +bx + c }{cx^2 + bx + a }, a+b +c \neq 0$

$=\frac{a(1) ^2 +b(1) + c }{c(1)^2 + b(1) + a },$

$=\frac{a+b+c }{a+b+c },$

$=1$ (Answer)

$\lim_{x\rightarrow -2} \frac{\frac{1}{x}+ \frac{x}{2}}{x+2}$

Here, since denominator becomes zero on putting the limit directly, so we first simplify the function and then put the limit,

$\lim_{x\rightarrow -2} \frac{\frac{1}{x}+ \frac{x}{2}}{x+2}$

$=\lim_{x\rightarrow -2} \frac{\frac{x+2}{2x}}{x+2}$

$=\lim_{x\rightarrow -2} \frac{1}{2x}$

$= \frac{1}{2(-2)}$

$= -\frac{1}{4}$ (Answer)

The limit

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0 } \frac{\sin ax }{bx }$

Here on directly putting the limits, the function becomes $\frac{0}{0}$ form. so we try to make the function in the form of $\frac{sinx}{x}$ . so,

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0 } \frac{\sin ax }{bx }$

$=\lim_{x \rightarrow 0 } \frac{\sin ax(ax) }{bx(ax) }$

$=\lim_{x \rightarrow 0 } \frac{\sin ax }{ax }\frac{a}{b}$

As $\lim_{x\rightarrow 0}\frac{sinx}{x}=1$

$=1\cdot\frac{a}{b}$

$=\frac{a}{b}$ (Answer)

The limit,

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0} \frac{\sin ax }{\sin bx } , a,b \neq 0$

On putting the limit directly, the function takes the zero by zero form So,we convert it in the form of $\frac{sina}{a}$ .and then put the limit,

$\Rightarrow \lim_{x\rightarrow {0}}\frac{\frac{sinax}{ax}}{\frac{sinbx}{bx}}\cdot\frac{ax}{bx}$

$=\frac{\lim_{ax\rightarrow {0}}\frac{sinax}{ax}}{\lim_{bx\rightarrow {0}}\frac{sinbx}{bx}}\cdot\frac{a}{b}$

$=\frac{a}{b}$ (Answer)

The limit

$\lim_{x \rightarrow \pi } \frac{\sin ( \pi -x )}{\pi ( \pi -x)}$

$\Rightarrow \lim_{x \rightarrow \pi } \frac{\sin ( \pi -x )}{ ( \pi -x)}\times\frac{1}{\pi}$

$= 1\times\frac{1}{\pi}$

$= \frac{1}{\pi}$ (Answer)

The limit

$\lim_{x\rightarrow 0}\frac{\cos x }{\pi -x }$

the function behaves well on directly putting the limit,so we put the limit directly. So.

$\lim_{x\rightarrow 0}\frac{\cos x }{\pi -x }$

$=\frac{\cos (0) }{\pi -(0) }$

$=\frac{1 }{\pi }$ (Answer)

The limit:

$\lim_{x\rightarrow 0}$ $\frac{\cos 2x -1}{\cos x -1}$

The function takes the zero by zero form when the limit is put directly, so we simplify the function and then put the limit

$\lim_{x\rightarrow 0}$ $\frac{\cos 2x -1}{\cos x -1}$

$\lim_{x\rightarrow 0}$ $\frac{-2(sin^2x)}{-2(sin^2(\frac{x}{2}))}$

$=\lim_{x\rightarrow 0}$ $\frac{\frac{(sin^2x)}{x^2}}{\frac{(sin^2(\frac{x}{2}))}{(\frac{x}{2})^2}}\times\frac{x^2}{(\frac{x}{2})^2}$

$=\frac{1^2}{1^2}\times 4$

$= 4$ (Answer)

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0}\frac{ax + x \cos x }{b \sin x }$

The function takes the form zero by zero when we put the limit directly in the function,. since function consist of sin function and cos function, we try to make the function in the form of $\frac{sinx}{x}$ as we know that it tends to 1 when x tends to 0.

So,

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0}\frac{ax + x \cos x }{b \sin x }$

$=\frac{1}{b}\lim_{x \rightarrow 0}\frac{x(a+ \cos x) }{ \sin x }$

$=\frac{1}{b}\lim_{x \rightarrow 0}\frac{x }{ \sin x }\times(a+ \cos x)$

$=\frac{1}{b}\times1\times(a+ \cos (0))$

$=\frac{a+1}{b}$ (Answer)

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0} x \sec x$

As function doesn't create any abnormality on putting the limit directly,we can put limit directly. So,

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0} x \sec x$

$=(0)\times 1$

$=0$ . (Answer)

$\lim_{x\rightarrow 0} \frac{\sin ax + bx }{ax + \sin bx } a,b ,a + b \neq 0$

The function takes the zero by zero form when we put the limit into the function directly, so we try to eliminate this case by simplifying the function. So

$\lim_{x\rightarrow 0} \frac{\sin ax + bx }{ax + \sin bx } a,b ,a + b \neq 0$

$=\lim_{x\rightarrow 0} \frac{\frac{\sin ax}{ax} \cdot ax+ bx }{ax + \frac{\sin bx}{bx}\cdot bx }$

$=\lim_{x\rightarrow 0} \frac{\frac{\sin ax}{ax} \cdot a+ b }{a + \frac{\sin bx}{bx}\cdot b }$

$=\frac{1\cdot a+b}{a+1\cdot b}$

$=\frac{a+b}{a+ b}$

$=1$ (Answer)

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0} \left ( \csc x - \cot x \right )$

On putting the limit directly the function takes infinity by infinity form, So we simplify the function and then put the limit

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0} \left ( \csc x - \cot x \right )$

$=\lim_{x \rightarrow 0} \left (\frac{1}{sinx}-\frac{cosx}{sinx}\right )$

$=\lim_{x \rightarrow 0} \left (\frac{1-cosx}{sinx}\right )$

$=\lim_{x \rightarrow 0} \left (\frac{2sin^2(\frac{x}{2})}{sinx}\right )$

$=\lim_{x \rightarrow 0} \left (\frac{2sin^2(\frac{x}{2})}{(\frac{x}{2})^2}\right )\left ( \frac{(\frac{x}{2})^2}{sinx} \right )$

$=\lim_{x \rightarrow 0} \frac{2}{4}\left (\frac{sin^2(\frac{x}{2})}{(\frac{x}{2})^2}\right )\left ( \frac{(x)}{sinx} \right )\cdot x$

$=\frac{2}{4}\times (1)^2\times0$

$=0$ (Answer)

$\lim_{x \rightarrow \pi /2 } \frac{\tan 2x }{x - \pi /2 }$

The function takes zero by zero form when the limit is put directly, so we simplify the function and then put the limits,

So

Let's put

$y=x-\frac{\pi}{2}$

Since we are changing the variable, limit will also change.

as

$x\rightarrow \frac{\pi}{2},y=x-\frac{\pi}{2}\rightarrow \frac{\pi}{2}-\frac{\pi}{2}=0$

So function in new variable becomes,

$\lim_{y \rightarrow 0 } \frac{\tan 2(y+\frac{\pi}{2}) }{y+\pi/2- \pi /2 }$

$=\lim_{y \rightarrow 0 } \frac{\tan (2y+\pi) }{y }$

As we know tha property $tan(\pi+x)=tanx$

$=\lim_{y \rightarrow 0 } \frac{\tan (2y) }{y }$

$=\lim_{y \rightarrow 0 } \frac{sin2y}{2y}\cdot\frac{2}{cos2y}$

$=1\times 2$

$=2$ (Answer)

Given Function

$f (x) = \left\{\begin{matrix} 2x+3 & x \leq 0 \\ 3 ( x+1)& x > 0 \end{matrix}\right.$

Now,

Limit at x = 0 :

$at\:x=0^-$

: $\lim_{x\rightarrow{0^-}}f(x)=\lim_{x\rightarrow{0^-}}(2x+3)=2(0)+3=3$

$at\:x=0^+$

$\lim_{x\rightarrow{0^+}}f(x)=\lim_{x\rightarrow{0^+}}3(x+1)=3(0+1)=3$

Hence limit at x = 0 is 3.

Limit at x = 1

$at\:x=1^+$

$\lim_{x\rightarrow{1^+}}f(x)=\lim_{x\rightarrow{1^+}}3(x+1)=3(1+1)=6$

$at\:x=1^-$

$\lim_{x\rightarrow{1^-}}f(x)=\lim_{x\rightarrow{1^-}}3(x+1)=3(1+1)=6$

Hence limit at x = 1 is 6.

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 1} f (x ) , \: \:where \: \: f (x) = \left\{\begin{matrix} x^2 -1 & x \neq 0 \\ -x^2 -1 & x > 1 \end{matrix}\right.$

Limit at $x=1^+$

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 1^+} f (x ) = \lim_{x \rightarrow 1} (-x^2-1)=-(1)^2-1=-2$

Limit at $x=1^-$

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 1^-} f (x ) = \lim_{x \rightarrow 1} (x^2-1)=(1)^2-1=0$

As we can see that Limit at $x=1^+$ is not equal to Limit at $x=1^-$ ,The limit of this function at x = 1 does not exists.

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0} f (x) , \: \: where \: \: f (x) = \left\{\begin{matrix} \frac{|x|}{x} & x \neq 0 \\ 0 & x = 0 \end{matrix}\right.$

The right-hand Limit or Limit at $x=0^+$

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0^+} f (x) = \lim_{x \rightarrow 0^+} \frac{|x|}{x}=\frac{x}{x}=1$

The left-hand limit or Limit at $x=0^-$

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0^-} f (x) = \lim_{x \rightarrow 0^-} \frac{|x|}{x}=\frac{-x}{x}=-1$

Since Left-hand limit and right-hand limit are not equal, The limit of this function at x = 0 does not exists.

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0} f (x) , \: \: where \: \: f (x) = \left\{\begin{matrix} \frac{x}{|x|} & x \neq 0 \\ 0 & x = 0 \end{matrix}\right.$

The right-hand Limit or Limit at $x=0^+$

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0^+} f (x) = \lim_{x \rightarrow 0^+} \frac{x}{|x|}=\frac{x}{x}=1$

The left-hand limit or Limit at $x=0^-$

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0^-} f (x) = \lim_{x \rightarrow 0^-} \frac{x}{|x|}=\frac{x}{-x}=-1$

Since Left-hand limit and right-hand limit are not equal, The limit of this function at x = 0 does not exists.

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 5 } f (x) , where f( x) = |x| -5$

The right-hand Limit or Limit at $x=5^+$

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 5^+} f (x) = \lim_{x \rightarrow 5^+} |x|-5=5-5=0$

The left-hand limit or Limit at $x=5^-$

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 5^-} f (x) = \lim_{x \rightarrow 5^-}|x|-5=5-5=0$

Since Left-hand limit and right-hand limit are equal, The limit of this function at x = 5 is 0.

Question:28 Suppose

$f (x) = \left\{\begin{matrix} a+bx & x < 1 \\ 4 & x = 1 \\ b - ax & x > 1 \end{matrix}\right.$ f (x) = f (1) what are possible values of a and b?

Given,

$f (x) = \left\{\begin{matrix} a+bx & x < 1 \\ 4 & x = 1 \\ b - ax & x > 1 \end{matrix}\right.$

And

$\lim_{x\rightarrow 1} f(x)=f(1)$

Since the limit exists,

left-hand limit = Right-hand limit = f(1).

Left-hand limit = f(1)

$\lim_{x\rightarrow 1^-} f(x)= \lim_{x\rightarrow 1}(a+bx)=a+b(1)=a+b=4$

Right-hand limit

$\lim_{x\rightarrow 1^+} f(x)= \lim_{x\rightarrow 1}(b-ax)=b-a(1)=b-a=4$

From both equations, we get that,

$a=0$ and $b=4$

Hence the possible value of a and b are 0 and 4 respectively.

Given,

$f (x) = (x - a_1 ) (x - a_2 )...(x - a_n ) .$

Now,

$\\\lim_{x \rightarrow a _ 1 }f(x)=\lim_{x \rightarrow a _ 1 }[(x - a_1 ) (x - a_2 )...(x - a_n ) ]\\.=[\lim_{x \rightarrow a _ 1 }(x - a_1 )][\lim_{x \rightarrow a _ 1 }(x - a_2 )][\lim_{x \rightarrow a _ 1 }(x - a_n )] \\=0$

Hence

, $\lim_{x \rightarrow a _ 1 }f(x)=0$

Now,

$\lim_{ x \rightarrow a } f (x)=\lim_{ x \rightarrow a } (x-a_1)(x-a_2)...(x-a_n)$

$\lim_{ x \rightarrow a } f (x)=(a-a_1)(a-a_2)(a-a_3)$

Hence

$\lim_{ x \rightarrow a } f (x)=(a-a_1)(a-a_2)(a-a_3)$ .

$f (x) = \left\{\begin{matrix} |x| + 1 & x < 0 \\ 0 & x = 0 \\ |x| -1& x > 0 \end{matrix}\right.$

Limit at x = a exists when the right-hand limit is equal to the left-hand limit. So,

Case 1: when a = 0

The right-hand Limit or Limit at $x=0^+$

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0^+} f (x) = \lim_{x \rightarrow 0^+} |x|-1=1-1=0$

The left-hand limit or Limit at $x=0^-$

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0^-} f (x) = \lim_{x \rightarrow 0^-} |x|+1=0+1=1$

Since Left-hand limit and right-hand limit are not equal, The limit of this function at x = 0 does not exists.

Case 2: When a < 0

The right-hand Limit or Limit at $x=a^+$

$\lim_{x \rightarrow a^+} f (x) = \lim_{x \rightarrow a^+} |x|-1=a-1$

The left-hand limit or Limit at $x=a^-$

$\lim_{x \rightarrow a^-} f (x) = \lim_{x \rightarrow a^-} |x|-1=a-1$

Since LHL = RHL, Limit exists at x = a and is equal to a-1.

Case 3: When a > 0

The right-hand Limit or Limit at $x=a^+$

$\lim_{x \rightarrow a^+} f (x) = \lim_{x \rightarrow a^+} |x|+1=a+1$

The left-hand limit or Limit at $x=a^-$

$\lim_{x \rightarrow a^-} f (x) = \lim_{x \rightarrow a^-} |x|+1=a+1$

Since LHL = RHL, Limit exists at x = a and is equal to a+1

Hence,

The limit exists at all points except at x=0.

Given

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 1} \frac{f (x)-2}{x^2-1} = \pi$

Now,

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 1} \frac{f (x)-2}{x^2-1} = \frac{\lim_{x \rightarrow 1}(f (x)-2)}{\lim_{x \rightarrow 1}(x^2-1)}=\pi$

${\lim_{x \rightarrow 1}(f (x)-2)}=\pi{\lim_{x \rightarrow 1}(x^2-1)}$

${\lim_{x \rightarrow 1}(f (x)-2)}=\pi{(1-1)}$

${\lim_{x \rightarrow 1}(f (x)-2)}=0$

${\lim_{x \rightarrow 1}f (x)}=2$

Question:32 If

Given,

Case 1: Limit at x = 0

The right-hand Limit or Limit at $x=0^+$

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0^+} f (x) = \lim_{x \rightarrow 0^+} nx+m=n(0)+m=m$

The left-hand limit or Limit at $x=0^-$

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 0^-} f (x) = \lim_{x \rightarrow 0^-} mx^2+n=m(0)^2+n=n$

Hence Limit will exist at x = 0 when m = n .

Case 2: Limit at x = 1

The right-hand Limit or Limit at $x=1^+$

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 1^+} f (x) = \lim_{x \rightarrow 1^+} nx^3+m=n(1)^3+m=n+m$

The left-hand limit or Limit at $x=1^-$

$\lim_{x \rightarrow 1^-} f (x) = \lim_{x \rightarrow 1^-} nx+m=n(1)+m=n+m$

Hence Limit at 1 exists at all integers.

Class 11 maths chapter 13 NCERT solutions - Exercise: 13.2

F(x)= $x ^ 2 -2 \: \:$

Now, As we know, The derivative of any function at x is

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{f(x+h)-f(x)}{h}$

The derivative of f(x) at x = 10:

$f'(10)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{f(10+h)-f(10)}{h}$

$f'(10)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{(10+h)^2-2-((10)^2-2)}{h}$

$f'(10)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{100+20h+h^2-2-100 +2}{h}$

$f'(10)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{20h+h^2}{h}$

$f'(10)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}20+h$

$f'(10)=20+0$

$f'(10)=20$

Question:2 Find the derivative of x at x = 1.

Given

f(x)= x

Now, As we know, The derivative of any function at x is

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{f(x+h)-f(x)}{h}$

The derivative of f(x) at x = 1:

$f'(1)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{f(1+h)-f(1)}{h}$

$f'(1)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{(1+h)-(1)}{h}$

$f'(1)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{(h)}{h}$

$f'(1)=1$ (Answer)

Question:3 Find the derivative of 99x at x = l00.

f(x)= 99x

Now, As we know, The derivative of any function at x is

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{f(x+h)-f(x)}{h}$

The derivative of f(x) at x = 100:

$f'(100)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{f(100+h)-f(100)}{h}$

$f'(100)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{99(100+h)-99(100)}{h}$

$f'(100)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{99h}{h}$

$f'(100)=99$

Given

f(x)= $x ^3 -27$

Now, As we know, The derivative of any function at x is

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{f(x+h)-f(x)}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{(x+h)^3-27-((x)^3-27)}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{x^3+h^3+3x^2h+3h^2x-27+x^3+27}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{h^3+3x^2h+3h^2x}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}{h^2+3x^2+3hx}$

$f'(x)=3x^2$

f(x)= $( x-1)(x-2)$

Now, As we know, The derivative of any function at x is

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{f(x+h)-f(x)}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{(x+h-1)(x+h-2)-(x-1)(x-2)}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{x^2+xh-2x+hx+h^2-2h-x-h+2-x^2+2x+x-2}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{2hx+h^2-3h}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}{2x+h-3}$

$f'(x)=2x-3$ (Answer)

f(x)= $1 / x ^2$

Now, As we know, The derivative of any function at x is

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{f(x+h)-f(x)}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{1/(x+h)^2-1/(x^2)}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0} \frac{\frac{x^2-(x+h)^2}{(x+h)^2x^2}}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0} \frac{x^2-x^2-2xh-h^2}{h(x+h)^2x^2}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0} \frac{-2xh-h^2}{h(x+h)^2x^2}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0} \frac{-2x-h}{(x+h)^2x^2}$

$f'(x)= \frac{-2x-0}{(x+0)^2x^2}$

$f'(x)= \frac{-2}{x^3}$ (Answer)

Given:

$f(x)=\frac{x +1}{x-1}$

Now, As we know, The derivative of any function at x is

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{f(x+h)-f(x)}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{\frac{x+h+1}{x+h-1}-\frac{x+1}{x-1}}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{\frac{(x+h+1)(x-1)-(x+1)(x+h-1)}{(x-1)(x+h-1)}}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{x^2-x+hx-h+x-1-x^2-xh+x-x-h+1}{(x-1)(x+h-1)h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{-2h}{(x-1)(x+h-1)h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{-2}{(x-1)(x+h-1)}$

$f'(x)=\frac{-2}{(x-1)(x+0-1)}$

$f'(x)=\frac{-2}{(x-1)^2}$

$f (x) = \frac{x^{100}}{100}+ \frac{x ^ {99}}{99} + ....+ \frac{x ^2 }{2}+ x+ 1$

As we know, the property,

$f'(x^n)=nx^{n-1}$

applying that property we get

$f '(x) = 100\frac{x^{99}}{100}+ 99\frac{x ^ {98}}{99} + ....+ 2\frac{x }{2}+ 1+ 0$

$f '(x) = x^{99}+x^{98}+......x+1$

Now.

$f '(0) = 0^{99}+0^{98}+......0+1=1$

$f '(1) = 1^{99}+1^{98}+......1+1=100$

So,

Here

$1\times 100=100$

$f'(0)\times 100=f'(1)$

Hence Proved.

Given

$f(x)=x ^n + ax ^{n-1} + a ^ 2 x ^{n-2} + ....+ a ^ { n-1} x + a ^n$

As we know, the property,

$f'(x^n)=nx^{n-1}$

applying that property we get

$f'(x)=nx ^{n-1} + a(n-1)x ^{n-2} + a ^ 2(n-2) x ^{n-3} + ....+ a ^ { n-1} 1 + 0$

$f'(x)=nx ^{n-1} + a(n-1)x ^{n-2} + a ^ 2(n-2) x ^{n-3} + ....+ a ^ { n-1}$

Given

$f(x)=( x - a ) ( x -b )=x^2-ax-bx+ab$

As we know, the property,

$f'(x^n)=nx^{n-1}$

and the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

applying that property we get

$f'(x)=2x-a-b$

Given

$f(x)=( ax ^2 + b)^2=a^2x^4+2abx^2+b^2$

As we know, the property,

$f'(x^n)=nx^{n-1}$

and the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

applying those properties we get

$f'(x)=4a^2x^3+2(2)abx+0$

$f'(x)=4a^2x^3+4abx$

$f'(x)=4ax(ax^2+b)$

Given,

$f(x)=\frac{x - a }{x -b }$

Now As we know the quotient rule of derivative,

$\frac{d(\frac{y_1}{y_2})}{dx}=\frac{y_2\frac{dy_1}{dx}-y_1\frac{dy_2}{dx}}{y_2^2}$

So applying this rule, we get

$\frac{d(\frac{x-a}{x-b})}{dx}=\frac{(x-b)\frac{d(x-a)}{dx}-(x-a)\frac{d(x-b)}{dx}}{(x-b)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{x-a}{x-b})}{dx}=\frac{(x-b)-(x-a)}{(x-b)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{x-a}{x-b})}{dx}=\frac{a-b}{(x-b)^2}$

Hence

$f'(x)=\frac{a-b}{(x-b)^2}$

Given,

$f(x)=\frac{x ^n - a ^n }{x - a }$

Now As we know the quotient rule of derivative,

$\frac{d(\frac{y_1}{y_2})}{dx}=\frac{y_2\frac{dy_1}{dx}-y_1\frac{dy_2}{dx}}{y_2^2}$

So applying this rule, we get

$\frac{d(\frac{x^n-a^n}{x-a})}{dx}=\frac{(x-a)\frac{d(x^n-a^n)}{dx}-(x^n-a^n)\frac{d(x-a)}{dx}}{(x-a)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{x^n-a^n}{x-a})}{dx}=\frac{(x-a)nx^{n-1}-(x^n-a^n)}{(x-a)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{x^n-a^n}{x-a})}{dx}=\frac{nx^n-anx^{n-1}-x^n+a^n}{(x-a)^2}$

Hence

$f'(x)=\frac{nx^n-anx^{n-1}-x^n+a^n}{(x-a)^2}$

Given:

$f(x)=2x - 3/4$

As we know, the property,

$f'(x^n)=nx^{n-1}$

and the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

applying that property we get

$f'(x)=2-0$

$f'(x)=2$

Given.

$f(x)=( 5x^3 + 3x -1 ) ( x -1)=5x^4+3x^2-x-5x^3-3x+1$

$f(x)=5x^4-5x^3+3x^2-4x+1$

As we know, the property,

$f'(x^n)=nx^{n-1}$

and the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

applying that property we get

$f'(x)=5(4)x^3-5(3)x^2+3(2)x-4+0$

$f'(x)=20x^3-15x^2+6x-4$

Given

$f(x)=x ^{-3} ( 5 + 3x )=5x^{-3}+3x^{-2}$

As we know, the property,

$f'(x^n)=nx^{n-1}$

and the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

applying that property we get

$f'(x)=(-3)5x^{-4}+3(-2)x^{-3}$

$f'(x)=-15x^{-4}-6x^{-3}$

Given

$f(x)=x ^5 ( 3 - 6 x ^{-9})=3x^5-6x^{-4}$

As we know, the property,

$f'(x^n)=nx^{n-1}$

and the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

applying that property we get

$f'(x)=(5)3x^4-6(-4)x^{-5}$

$f'(x)=15x^4+24x^{-5}$

Given

$f(x)=x ^{-4} ( 3 - 4x ^{-5})=3x^{-4}-4x^{-9}$

As we know, the property,

$f'(x^n)=nx^{n-1}$

and the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

applying that property we get

$f'(x)=(-4)3x^{-5}-(-9)4x^{-10}$

$f'(x)=-12x^{-5}+36x^{-10}$

Given

$f(x)=\frac{2}{x+1}- \frac{x^2 }{3 x-1}$

As we know the quotient rule of derivative:

$\frac{d(\frac{y_1}{y_2})}{dx}=\frac{y_2\frac{dy_1}{dx}-y_1\frac{dy_2}{dx}}{y_2^2}$

and the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

So applying this rule, we get

$\frac{d(\frac{2}{x+1}-\frac{x^2}{3x-1})}{dx}=\frac{(x+1)\frac{d(2)}{dx}-2\frac{d(x+1)}{dx}}{(x+1)^2}-\frac{(3x-1)\frac{d(x^2)}{dx}-x^2\frac{d(3x-1)}{dx}}{(3x-1)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{2}{x+1}-\frac{x^2}{3x-1})}{dx}=\frac{-2}{(x+1)^2}-\frac{(3x-1)2x-x^23}{(3x-1)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{2}{x+1}-\frac{x^2}{3x-1})}{dx}=\frac{-2}{(x+1)^2}-\frac{6x^2-2x-3x^2}{(3x-1)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{2}{x+1}-\frac{x^2}{3x-1})}{dx}=\frac{-2}{(x+1)^2}-\frac{3x^2-2x}{(3x-1)^2}$

Hence

$f'(x)=\frac{-2}{(x+1)^2}-\frac{3x^2-2x}{(3x-1)^2}$

Given,

f(x)= $\cos x$

Now, As we know, The derivative of any function at x is

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{f(x+h)-f(x)}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{\cos(x+h)-\cos(x)}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{\cos(x)\cos(h)-\sin(x)\sin(h)-\cos(x)}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{\cos(x)\cos(h)-\cos(x)}{h}-\frac{\sin(x)\sin(h)}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{\cos(x)(\cos(h)-1)}{h}-\frac{\sin(x)\sin(h)}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\cos(x)\frac{-2sin^2(h/2)}{h}\cdot -\sin(x)\frac{sinh}{h}$

$f'(x)=\cos(x)(0)-sinx(1)$

$f'(x)=-\sin(x)$

Given,

f(x)= $\sin x \cos x$

Now, As we know the product rule of derivative,

$\frac{d(y_1y_2)}{dx}=y_1\frac{dy_2}{dx}+y_2\frac{dy_1}{dx}$

So, applying the rule here,

$\frac{d(\sin x\cos x)}{dx}=\sin x\frac{d\cos x}{dx}+\cos x\frac{d\sin x}{dx}$

$\frac{d(\sin x\cos x)}{dx}=\sin x(-\sin x)+\cos x (\cos x)$

$\frac{d(\sin x\cos x)}{dx}=-\sin^2 x+\cos^2 x$

$\frac{d(\sin x\cos x)}{dx}=\cos 2x$

Given

$f(x)=\sec x=\frac{1}{\cos x}$

Now As we know the quotient rule of derivative,

$\frac{d(\frac{y_1}{y_2})}{dx}=\frac{y_2\frac{dy_1}{dx}-y_1\frac{dy_2}{dx}}{y_2^2}$

So applying this rule, we get

$\frac{d(\frac{1}{\cos x})}{dx}=\frac{\cos x\frac{d(1)}{dx}-1\frac{d(\cos x)}{dx}}{\cos ^2x}$

$\frac{d(\frac{1}{\cos x})}{dx}=\frac{-1(-\sin x)}{\cos ^2x}$

$\frac{d(\frac{1}{\cos x})}{dx}=\frac{\sin x}{\cos ^2x}=\frac{\sin x}{\cos x}\frac{1}{\cos x}$

$\frac{d(\sec x)}{dx}=\tan x\sec x$

Given

$f(x)=5 \sec x + 4 \cos x$

As we know the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

Applying the property, we get

$\frac{d(5\sec x+4\cos x)}{dx}=\frac{d(5\sec x)}{dx}+\frac{d(4\cos x)}{dx}$

$\frac{d(5\sec x+4\cos x)}{dx}=5\tan x\sec x+4(-\sin x)$

$\frac{d(5\sec x+4\cos x)}{dx}=5\tan x\sec x-4\sin x$

Given :

$f(x)=\csc x=\frac{1}{\sin x}$

Now As we know the quotient rule of derivative,

$\frac{d(\frac{y_1}{y_2})}{dx}=\frac{y_2\frac{dy_1}{dx}-y_1\frac{dy_2}{dx}}{y_2^2}$

So applying this rule, we get

$\frac{d(\frac{1}{\sin x})}{dx}=\frac{(\sin x)\frac{d(1)}{dx}-1\frac{d(\sin x)}{dx}}{(\sin x)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{1}{\sin x})}{dx}=\frac{-1(\cos x)}{(\sin x)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{1}{\sin x})}{dx}=-\frac{(\cos x)}{(\sin x)}\frac{1}{\sin x}$

$\frac{d(\csc x)}{dx}=-\cot x \csc x$

Given,

$f(x)=3 \cot x + 5 \csc x$

As we know the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

Applying the property,

$\frac{d(3\cot x+5 \csc x)}{dx}=\frac{d(3\cot x)}{dx}+\frac{d(5\csc x)}{dx}$

$\frac{d(3\cot x+5 \csc x)}{dx}=3\frac{d(\frac{\cos x}{\sin x})}{dx}+\frac{d(5\csc x)}{dx}$

$\frac{d(3\cot x+5 \csc x)}{dx}=-5\csc x\cot x+3\frac{d(\frac{\cos x}{\sin x})}{dx}$

Now As we know the quotient rule of derivative,

$\frac{d(\frac{y_1}{y_2})}{dx}=\frac{y_2\frac{dy_1}{dx}-y_1\frac{dy_2}{dx}}{y_2^2}$

So applying this rule, we get

$\frac{d(3\cot x+5 \csc x)}{dx}=-5\csc x\cot x+3\left[\frac{\sin x\frac{d(\cos x)}{dx}-\cos x(\frac{d(\sin x)}{dx})}{\sin^2x}\right]$

$\frac{d(3\cot x+5 \csc x)}{dx}=-5\csc x\cot x+3\left[\frac{\sin x(-\sin x)-\cos x(\cos x)}{\sin^2x}\right]$

$\frac{d(3\cot x+5 \csc x)}{dx}=-5\csc x\cot x+3\left[\frac{-\sin^2 x-\cos^2 x}{\sin^2x}\right]$

$\frac{d(3\cot x+5 \csc x)}{dx}=-5\csc x\cot x-3\left[\frac{\sin^2 x+\cos^2 x}{\sin^2x}\right]$

$\frac{d(3\cot x+5 \csc x)}{dx}=-5\csc x\cot x-3\left[\frac{1}{\sin^2x}\right]$

$\frac{d(3\cot x+5 \csc x)}{dx}=-5\csc x\cot x-3\csc^2x$

Given,

$f(x)=5 \sin x - 6 \cos x + 7$

Now as we know the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

So, applying the property,

$f'(x)=5 \cos x - 6 (-\sin x ) + 0$

$f'(x)=5 \cos x + 6 (\sin x )$

$f'(x)=5 \cos x + 6 \sin x$

Given

$f(x)=2 \tan x - 7 \sec x$

As we know the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

Applying this property,

$\frac{d(2\tan x+7\sec x)}{dx}=2\frac{d\tan x}{dx}+7\frac{d\sec x}{dx}$

$\frac{d(2\tan x+7\sec x)}{dx}=2\sec^2x +7(-\sec x\tan x)$

$\frac{d(2\tan x+7\sec x)}{dx}=2\sec^2x -7\sec x\tan x$

Limits and derivatives NCERT solutions - Miscellaneous Exercise

Given.

f(x)=-x

Now, As we know, The derivative of any function at x is

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{f(x+h)-f(x)}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{-(x+h)-(-x)}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{-h}{h}$

$f'(x)=-1$

Given.

f(x)= $( - x ) ^{-1}$

Now, As we know, The derivative of any function at x is

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{f(x+h)-f(x)}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{-(x+h)^{-1}-(-x)^{-1}}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{-\frac{1}{x+h}+\frac{1}{x}}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{\frac{-x+x+h}{x(x+h)}}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{\frac{h}{(x+h)(x)}}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{1}{x(x+h)}$

$f'(x)=\frac{1}{x^2}$

Given.

$f(x)=\sin ( x+1)$

Now, As we know, The derivative of any function at x is

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{f(x+h)-f(x)}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{\sin(x+h+1)-\sin(x+1)}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{2\cos(\frac{x+h+1+x+1}{2})\sin(\frac{x+h+1-x-1}{2})}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{2\cos(\frac{2x+h+2}{2})\sin(\frac{h}{2})}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{\cos(\frac{2x+h+2}{2})\sin(\frac{h}{2})}{\frac{h}{2}}$

$f'(x)=\cos(\frac{2x+0+2}{2})\times 1$

$f'(x)=\cos(x+1)$

Given.

$f(x)=\cos ( x - \pi /8 )$

Now, As we know, The derivative of any function at x is

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{f(x+h)-f(x)}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{\cos(x+h-\pi/8)-cos(x-\pi/8)}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{-2\sin\left ( \frac{x+h-\pi/8+x-\pi/8 }{2}\right )\sin\left ( \frac{x+h-\pi/8-x+\pi/8}{2} \right )}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{-2\sin\left ( \frac{2x+h-\pi/4 }{2}\right )\sin\left ( \frac{h}{2} \right )}{h}$

$f'(x)=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{-\sin\left ( \frac{2x+h-\pi/4 }{2}\right )\sin\left ( \frac{h}{2} \right )}{\frac{h}{2}}$

$f'(x)=\sin\left ( \frac{2x+0-\pi/4}{2} \right )\times 1$

$f'(x)=-\sin\left (x-\pi/8 \right )$

Given

f(x)= x + a

As we know, the property,

$f'(x^n)=nx^{n-1}$

applying that property we get

$f'(x)=1+0$

$f'(x)=1$

Given

$f(x)=\left(px + q\right) \left ( \frac{r}{x}+ s \right )$

$f(x)=pr+psx+\frac{qr}{x}+qs$

As we know, the property,

$f'(x^n)=nx^{n-1}$

applying that property we get

$f'(x)=0 + ps +\frac{-qr}{x^2}+0$

$f'(x)=ps + q \left ( \frac{-r}{x^2} \right )$

$f'(x)=ps - \left ( \frac{qr}{x^2} \right )$

Given,

$f(x)=( ax + b ) ( cx + d )^2$

$f(x)=( ax + b ) ( c^2x^2+2cdx+d^2)$

$f(x)=ac^2x^3+2acdx^2+ad^2x+bc^2x^2+2bcdx+bd^2$

Now,

As we know, the property,

$f'(x^n)=nx^{n-1}$

and the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

applying that property we get

$f'(x)=3ac^2x^2+4acdx+ad^2+2bc^2x+2bcd+0$

$f'(x)=3ac^2x^2+4acdx+ad^2+2bc^2x+2bcd$

$f'(x)=3ac^2x^2+(4acd+2bc^2)x+ad^2+2bcd$

Given,

$f(x)=\frac{ax+b}{cx+d}$

Now, As we know the derivative of any function

$\frac{d(\frac{y_1}{y_2})}{dx}=\frac{y_2d(\frac{dy_1}{dx})-y_1(\frac{dy_2}{dx})}{y_2^2}$

Hence, The derivative of f(x) is

$\frac{d(\frac{ax+b}{cx+d})}{dx}=\frac{(cx+d)d(\frac{d(ax+b)}{dx})-(ax+b)(\frac{d(cx+d)}{dx})}{(cx+d)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{ax+b}{cx+d})}{dx}=\frac{(cx+d)a-(ax+b)c}{(cx+d)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{ax+b}{cx+d})}{dx}=\frac{acx+ad-acx-bc}{(cx+d)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{ax+b}{cx+d})}{dx}=\frac{ad-bc}{(cx+d)^2}$

Hence Derivative of the function is

$\frac{ad-bc}{(cx+d)^2}$ .

Given,

$f(x)=\frac{1 + \frac{1}{x}}{1- \frac{1}{x}}$

Also can be written as

$f(x)=\frac{x+1}{x-1}$

Now, As we know the derivative of any function

$\frac{d(\frac{y_1}{y_2})}{dx}=\frac{y_2d(\frac{dy_1}{dx})-y_1(\frac{dy_2}{dx})}{y_2^2}$

Hence, The derivative of f(x) is

$\frac{d(\frac{x+1}{x-1})}{dx}=\frac{(x-1)d(\frac{d(x+1)}{dx})-(x+1)(\frac{d(x-1)}{dx})}{(x-1)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{x+1}{x-1})}{dx}=\frac{(x-1)1-(x+1)1}{(x-1)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{x+1}{x-1})}{dx}=\frac{x-1-x-1}{(x-1)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{x+1}{x-1})}{dx}=\frac{-2}{(x-1)^2}$

Hence Derivative of the function is

$\frac{-2}{(x-1)^2}$

Given,

$f(x)=\frac{1 }{ax ^2 + bx + c}$

Now, As we know the derivative of any such function is given by

$\frac{d(\frac{y_1}{y_2})}{dx}=\frac{y_2d(\frac{dy_1}{dx})-y_1(\frac{dy_2}{dx})}{y_2^2}$

Hence, The derivative of f(x) is

$\frac{d(\frac{1}{ax^2+bx+c})}{dx}=\frac{(ax^2+bx+c)d(\frac{d(1)}{dx})-1(\frac{d(ax^2+bx+c)}{dx})}{(ax^2+bx+c)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{1}{ax^2+bx+c})}{dx}=\frac{0-(2ax+b)}{(ax^2+bx+c)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{1}{ax^2+bx+c})}{dx}=-\frac{(2ax+b)}{(ax^2+bx+c)^2}$

Given,

$f(x)=\frac{ax + b }{px^2 + qx + r }$

Now, As we know the derivative of any function

$\frac{d(\frac{y_1}{y_2})}{dx}=\frac{y_2d(\frac{dy_1}{dx})-y_1(\frac{dy_2}{dx})}{y_2^2}$

Hence, The derivative of f(x) is

$\frac{d(\frac{ax+b}{px^2+qx+r})}{dx}=\frac{(px^2+qx+r)d(\frac{d(ax+b)}{dx})-(ax+b)(\frac{d(px^2+qx+r)}{dx})}{(px^2+qx+r)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{ax+b}{px^2+qx+r})}{dx}=\frac{(px^2+qx+r)a-(ax+b)(2px+q)}{(px^2+qx+r)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{ax+b}{px^2+qx+r})}{dx}=\frac{apx^2+aqx+ar-2apx^2-aqx-2bpx-bq}{(px^2+qx+r)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{ax+b}{px^2+qx+r})}{dx}=\frac{-apx^2+ar-2bpx-bq}{(px^2+qx+r)^2}$

Given,

$f(x)=\frac{px^2 + qx + r }{ax +b }$

Now, As we know the derivative of any function

$\frac{d(\frac{y_1}{y_2})}{dx}=\frac{y_2d(\frac{dy_1}{dx})-y_1(\frac{dy_2}{dx})}{y_2^2}$

Hence, The derivative of f(x) is

$\frac{d(\frac{px^2+qx+r}{ax+b})}{dx}=\frac{(ax+b)d(\frac{d(px^2+qx+r)}{dx})-(px^2+qx+r)(\frac{d(ax+b)}{dx})}{(ax+b)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{px^2+qx+r}{ax+b})}{dx}=\frac{(ax+b)(2px+q)-(px^2+qx+r)(a)}{(ax+b)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{px^2+qx+r}{ax+b})}{dx}=\frac{2apx^2+aqx+2bpx+bq-apx^2-aqx-ar}{(ax+b)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{px^2+qx+r}{ax+b})}{dx}=\frac{apx^2+2bpx+bq-ar}{(ax+b)^2}$

Given

$f(x)=\frac{a}{x^4} - \frac{b}{x^2 } + \cos x$

As we know, the property,

$f'(x^n)=nx^{n-1}$

and the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

applying that property we get

$f'(x)=\frac{-4a}{x^5} - (\frac{-2b}{x^3 }) +( -\sin x)$

$f'(x)=\frac{-4a}{x^5} +\frac{2b}{x^3 } -\sin x$

Given

$f(x)=4 \sqrt x - 2$

It can also be written as

$f(x)=4 x^{\frac{1}{2}} - 2$

Now,

As we know, the property,

$f'(x^n)=nx^{n-1}$

and the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

applying that property we get

$f'(x)=4 (\frac{1}{2})x^{-\frac{1}{2}} - 0$

$f'(x)=2x^{-\frac{1}{2}}$

$f'(x)=\frac{2}{\sqrt{x}}$

Given

$f(x)=( ax + b ) ^ n$

Now, As we know the chain rule of derivative,

$[f(g(x))]'=f'(g(x))\times g'(x)$

And, the property,

$f'(x^n)=nx^{n-1}$

Also the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

applying those properties we get,

$f'(x)=n(ax+b)^{n-1}\times a$

$f'(x)=an(ax+b)^{n-1}$

Given

$f(x)=( ax + b ) ^ n ( cx + d ) ^ m$

Now, As we know the chain rule of derivative,

$[f(g(x))]'=f'(g(x))\times g'(x)$

And the Multiplication property of derivative,

$\frac{d(y_1y_2)}{dx}=y_1\frac{dy_2}{dx}+y_2\frac{dy_1}{dx}$

And, the property,

$f'(x^n)=nx^{n-1}$

Also the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

Applying those properties we get,

$f'(x)=(ax+b)^n(m(cx+d)^{m-1})+(cx+d)(n(ax+b)^{n-1})$

$f'(x)=m(ax+b)^n(cx+d)^{m-1}+n(cx+d)(ax+b)^{n-1}$

Given,

$f(x)=\sin ( x + a )$

Now, As we know the chain rule of derivative,

$[f(g(x))]'=f'(g(x))\times g'(x)$

Applying this property we get,

$f'(x)=\cos ( x + a )\times 1$

$f'(x)=\cos ( x + a )$

Given,

$f(x)=\csc x \cot x$

the Multiplication property of derivative,

$\frac{d(y_1y_2)}{dx}=y_1\frac{dy_2}{dx}+y_2\frac{dy_1}{dx}$

Applying the property

$\frac{d(\csc x)(\cot x))}{dx}=\csc x\frac{d\cot x}{dx}+\cot x\frac{d\csc x}{dx}$

$\frac{d(\csc x)(\cot x))}{dx}=\csc x(-\csc^2x)+\cot x(-\csc x \cot x)$

$\frac{d(\csc x)(\cot x))}{dx}=-\csc^3x-\cot^2 x\csc x$

Hence derivative of the function is $-\csc^3x-\cot^2 x\csc x$ .

Given,

$f(x)=\frac{\cos x }{1+ \sin x }$

Now, As we know the derivative of any function

$\frac{d(\frac{\cos x}{1+\sin x})}{dx}=\frac{(1+\sin x )d(\frac{d\cos x}{dx})-\cos x(\frac{d(1+\sin x)}{dx})}{(1+\sin x)^2}$

Hence, The derivative of f(x) is

$\frac{d(\frac{\cos x}{1+\sin x})}{dx}=\frac{(1+\sin x )(-\sin x)-\cos x(\cos x)}{(1+\sin x)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{\cos x}{1+\sin x})}{dx}=\frac{-\sin x-\sin^2 x -\cos^2 x}{(1+\sin x)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{\cos x}{1+\sin x})}{dx}=\frac{-\sin x-1}{(1+\sin x)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{\cos x}{1+\sin x})}{dx}=-\frac{1}{(1+\sin x)}$

Given

$f(x)=\frac{\sin x + \cos x }{\sin x - \cos x }$

Also can be written as

$f(x)=\frac{\tan x + 1 }{\tan x - 1 }$

which further can be written as

$f(x)=-\frac{\tan x + tan(\pi/4) }{1-\tan(\pi/4)\tan x }$

$f(x)=-\tan(x-\pi/4)$

Now,

$f'(x)=-\sec^2(x-\pi/4)$

$f'(x)=-\frac{1}{\cos^2(x-\pi/4)}$

Given,

$f(x)=\frac{\sec x -1}{\sec x +1}$

which also can be written as

$f(x)=\frac{1-\cos x}{1+\cos x}$

Now,

As we know the derivative of such function

$\frac{d(\frac{y_1}{y_2})}{dx}=\frac{y_2d(\frac{dy_1}{dx})-y_1(\frac{dy_2}{dx})}{y_2^2}$

So, The derivative of the function is,

$\frac{d(\frac{1-\cos x}{1+\cos x})}{dx}=\frac{(1+\cos x)d(\frac{d(1-\cos x)}{dx})-(1-\cos x)(\frac{d(1+\cos x)}{dx})}{(1+\cos x)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{1-\cos x}{1+\cos x})}{dx}=\frac{(1+\cos x)(-(-\sin x))-(1-\cos x)(-\sin x)}{(1+\cos x)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{1-\cos x}{1+\cos x})}{dx}=\frac{\sin x+\sin x\cos x+\sin x-\cos x\sin x}{(1+\cos x)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{1-\cos x}{1+\cos x})}{dx}=\frac{2\sin x}{(1+\cos x)^2}$

Which can also be written as

$\frac{d(\frac{1-\cos x}{1+\cos x})}{dx}=\frac{2\sec x\tan x}{(1+\sec x)^2}$ .

Given,

$f(x)=\sin^ n x$

Now, As we know the chain rule of derivative,

$[f(g(x))]'=f'(g(x))\times g'(x)$

And, the property,

$f'(x^n)=nx^{n-1}$

Applying those properties, we get

$f'(x)=n\sin^ {n-1} x \cos x$

Hence Derivative of the given function is $n\sin^ {n-1} x \cos x$

Given Function

$f(x)=\frac{a + b \sin x }{c+ d \cos x }$

Now, As we know the derivative of any function of this type is:

$\frac{d(\frac{y_1}{y_2})}{dx}=\frac{y_2d(\frac{dy_1}{dx})-y_1(\frac{dy_2}{dx})}{y_2^2}$

Hence derivative of the given function will be:

$\frac{d(\frac{a+b\sin x}{c+d\cos x})}{dx}=\frac{(c+d\cos x)(\frac{d(a+b\sin x)}{dx})-(a+b\sin x)(\frac{d(c+d\cos x x)}{dx})}{(c+d\cos x)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{a+b\sin x}{c+d\cos x})}{dx}=\frac{(c+d\cos x)(b\cos x)-(a+b\sin x)(d(-\sin x))}{(c+d\cos x)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{a+b\sin x}{c+d\cos x})}{dx}=\frac{cb\cos x+bd\cos^2 x+ad\sin x+bd\sin^2 x}{(c+d\cos x)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{a+b\sin x}{c+d\cos x})}{dx}=\frac{cb\cos x+ad\sin x+bd(\sin^2 x+\cos^2 x)}{(c+d\cos x)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{a+b\sin x}{c+d\cos x})}{dx}=\frac{cb\cos x+ad\sin x+bd}{(c+d\cos x)^2}$

Given,

$f(x)=\frac{\sin ( x+a )}{ \cos x }$

Now, As we know the derivative of any function

$\frac{d(\frac{y_1}{y_2})}{dx}=\frac{y_2d(\frac{dy_1}{dx})-y_1(\frac{dy_2}{dx})}{y_2^2}$

Hence the derivative of the given function is:

$\frac{d(\frac{\sin(x+a)}{\cos x})}{dx}=\frac{(\cos x)(\frac{d(\sin (x+a))}{dx})-\sin(x+a)(\frac{d(\cos x)}{dx})}{(\cos x)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{\sin(x+a)}{\cos x})}{dx}=\frac{(\cos x)(\cos(x+a))-\sin(x+a)(-\sin (x))}{(\cos x)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{\sin(x+a)}{\cos x})}{dx}=\frac{(\cos x)(\cos(x+a))+\sin(x+a)(\sin (x))}{(\cos x)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{\sin(x+a)}{\cos x})}{dx}=\frac{\cos (x+a-x)}{(\cos x)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{\sin(x+a)}{\cos x})}{dx}=\frac{\cos (a)}{(\cos x)^2}$

Given

$f(x)=x ^ 4 ( 5 \sin x - 3 \cos x )$

Now, As we know, the Multiplication property of derivative,

$\frac{d(y_1y_2)}{dx}=y_1\frac{dy_2}{dx}+y_2\frac{dy_1}{dx}$

Hence derivative of the given function is:

$\frac{d(x ^ 4 ( 5 \sin x - 3 \cos x ))}{dx}=x^4\frac{d ( 5 \sin x - 3 \cos x )}{dx}+ ( 5 \sin x - 3 \cos x )\frac{dx^4}{dx}$

$\frac{d(x ^ 4 ( 5 \sin x - 3 \cos x ))}{dx}=x^4(5\cos x+3\sin x)+ ( 5 \sin x - 3 \cos x )4x^3$

$\frac{d(x ^ 4 ( 5 \sin x - 3 \cos x ))}{dx}=5x^4\cos x+3x^4\sin x+ 20x^3 \sin x - 12x^3 \cos x$

Given

$f(x)=( x^2 +1 ) \cos x^{}$

Now, As we know the product rule of derivative,

$\frac{d(y_1y_2)}{dx}=y_1\frac{dy_2}{dx}+y_2\frac{dy_1}{dx}$

The derivative of the given function is

$\frac{d(( x^2 +1 ) \cos x)}{dx}=( x^2 +1 ) \frac{d\cos x}{dx}+\cos x\frac{d( x^2 +1 ) }{dx}$

$\frac{d(( x^2 +1 ) \cos x)}{dx}=( x^2 +1 ) (-\sin x)+\cos x(2x)$

$\frac{d(( x^2 +1 ) \cos x)}{dx}= -x^2 \sin x-\sin x+2x\cos x$

Given,

$f(x)=( ax ^2 + \sin x ) ( p + q \cos x )$

Now As we know the Multiplication property of derivative,(the product rule)

$\frac{d(y_1y_2)}{dx}=y_1\frac{dy_2}{dx}+y_2\frac{dy_1}{dx}$

And also the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

Applying those properties we get,

$\frac{d(( ax ^2 + \sin x ) ( p + q \cos x ))}{dx}=(ax^2+\sin x)\frac{d(p+q\cos x)}{dx}+(p+qx)\frac{d(ax^2+sinx)}{dx}$

$\\\frac{d((ax ^2+\sin x ) ( p + q \cos x ))}{dx}=(ax^2+\sin x)(-q\sin x)+(p+qx)(2ax+\cos x)$

$f'(x)=-aqx^2\sin x-q\sin^2 x+2apx+p\cos x+2aqx^2+qx\cos x$

$f'(x)=x^2(-aq\sin x+2aq) +x(2ap+q\cos x)+p\cos x-q\sin^2 x$

Given,

$f(x)=( x+ \cos x ) ( x - \tan x )$

And the Multiplication property of derivative,

$\frac{d(y_1y_2)}{dx}=y_1\frac{dy_2}{dx}+y_2\frac{dy_1}{dx}$

Also the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

Applying those properties we get,

$\frac{d(( x+ \cos x ) ( x - \tan x ))}{dx}=(x+\cos x)\frac{d(x-\tan x)}{dx}+(x-\tan x)\frac{d(x+\cos x)}{dx}$

$=(x+\cos x)(1-\sec^2x)+(x-\tan x)(1-\sin x)$

$=(x+\cos x)(-\tan^2x)+(x-\tan x)(1-\sin x)$

$=(-\tan^2x)(x+\cos x)+(x-\tan x)(1-\sin x)$

Given,

$f(x)=\frac{4x + 5 \sin x }{3x+ 7 \cos x }$

Now, As we know the derivative of any function

$\frac{d(\frac{y_1}{y_2})}{dx}=\frac{y_2d(\frac{dy_1}{dx})-y_1(\frac{dy_2}{dx})}{y_2^2}$

Also the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

Applying those properties,we get

$\frac{d(\frac{4x+5\sin x}{3x+7\cos x})}{dx}=\frac{(3x+7\cos x)d(\frac{d(4x+5\sin x)}{dx})-(4x+5\sin x)(\frac{d(3x+7\cos x)}{dx})}{(3x+7\cos x)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{4x+5\sin x}{3x+7\cos x})}{dx}=\frac{(3x+7\cos x)(4+5\cos x)-(4x+5\sin x)(3-7\sin x)}{(3x+7\cos x)^2}$

$=\frac{12x+28\cos x+15x\cos x+35\cos^2x-12x-15\sin x+28x\sin x+35\sin^2 x}{(3x+7\cos x)^2}$

$=\frac{12x+28\cos x+15x\cos x-12x-15\sin x+28x\sin x+35(\sin^2 x+\cos^2x)}{(3x+7\cos x)^2}$

$=\frac{28\cos x+15x\cos x-15\sin x+28x\sin x+35}{(3x+7\cos x)^2}$

Given,

$f(x)=\frac{x ^2 \cos ( \pi /4 )}{\sin x }$

Now, As we know the derivative of any function

Now, As we know the derivative of any function

$\frac{d(\frac{y_1}{y_2})}{dx}=\frac{y_2d(\frac{dy_1}{dx})-y_1(\frac{dy_2}{dx})}{y_2^2}$

Hence the derivative of the given function is

$\frac{d(\frac{x^2\cos(\pi/4)}{\sin x})}{dx}=\frac{(\sin x)d(\frac{d(x^2\cos(\pi/4))}{dx})-(x^2\cos(\pi/4))(\frac{d\sin x}{dx})}{\sin^2x}$

$\frac{d(\frac{x^2\cos(\pi/4)}{\sin x})}{dx}=\frac{(\sin x)(2x\cos (\pi/4))-(x^2\cos(\pi/4))(\cos x)}{\sin^2x}$

$\frac{d(\frac{x^2\cos(\pi/4)}{\sin x})}{dx}=\frac{2x\sin x\cos (\pi/4)-x^2\cos x\cos(\pi/4)}{\sin^2x}$

Given

$f(x)=\frac{x }{ 1+ \tan x }$

Now, As we know the derivative of any function

$\frac{d(\frac{x}{1+\tan x})}{dx}=\frac{(1+\tan x)d(\frac{dx}{dx})-x(\frac{d(1+\tan x)}{dx})}{(1+\tan x)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{x}{1+\tan x})}{dx}=\frac{(1+\tan x)(1)-x(\sec^2x)}{(1+\tan x)^2}$

$\frac{d(\frac{x}{1+\tan x})}{dx}=\frac{1+\tan x-x\sec^2x}{(1+\tan x)^2}$

Given

$f(x)=( x + \sec x ) ( x - \tan x )$

Now, As we know the Multiplication property of derivative,

$\frac{d(y_1y_2)}{dx}=y_1\frac{dy_2}{dx}+y_2\frac{dy_1}{dx}$

Also the property

$\frac{d(y_1+y_2)}{dx}=\frac{dy_1}{dx}+\frac{dy_2}{dx}$

Applying those properties we get,

the derivative of the given function is,

$\frac{d(( x + \sec x ) ( x - \tan x )}{dx}=(x+\sec x)\frac{d(x-\tan x)}{dx}+(x-\tan x)\frac{d(x+\sec x)}{dx}$

$\frac{d(( x + \sec x ) ( x - \tan x )}{dx}=(x+\sec x)(1-\sec^2x)+(x-\tan x)(1+\sec x\tan x)$

Given,

$f(x)=\frac{x }{\sin ^ n x }$

Now, As we know the derivative of any function

$\frac{d(\frac{y_1}{y_2})}{dx}=\frac{y_2d(\frac{dy_1}{dx})-y_1(\frac{dy_2}{dx})}{y_2^2}$

Also chain rule of derivative,

$[f(g(x))]'=f'(g(x))\times g'(x)$

Hence the derivative of the given function is

$\frac{d(\frac{x}{\sin^nx})}{dx}=\frac{\sin^nxd(\frac{dx}{dx})-x(\frac{d(\sin^nx)}{dx})}{sin^{2n}x}$

$\frac{d(\frac{x}{\sin^nx})}{dx}=\frac{\sin^nx(1)-x(n\sin^{n-1}x\times \cos x)}{sin^{2n}x}$

$\frac{d(\frac{x}{\sin^nx})}{dx}=\frac{\sin^nx-x\cos xn\sin^{n-1}x}{sin^{2n}x}$

$\frac{d(\frac{x}{\sin^nx})}{dx}=\frac{\sin^nx-x\cos xn\sin^{n-1}x}{sin^{2n}x}$

$\frac{d(\frac{x}{\sin^nx})}{dx}=\frac{\sin^{n-1}x(\sin x-nx\cos x)}{sin^{2n}x}$

$\frac{d(\frac{x}{\sin^nx})}{dx}=\frac{(\sin x-nx\cos x)}{sin^{n+1}x}$

## limits and derivatives ncert solutions - Topics

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Intuitive Idea of Derivatives

13.3 Limits

13.4 Limits of Trigonometric Functions

13.5 Derivatives

Interested students can practice class 11 maths ch 13 question answer using following exercises.

Limit of a function(f) at a point is the common value of the left-hand limits and right-hand limits if they coincide.

For a function 'f' and a real number 'a'. $\dpi{100} \lim_{x\rightarrow a}\:f(x)$ and $\dpi{100} f(a)$ may not be the same (One may be defined and not the other one).

For functions 'f' and 'g' the following properties holds:

$\dpi{100} \\\lim_{x\rightarrow a} [f(x)\pm g(x)]=\lim_{x\rightarrow a}f(x)\pm \lim_{x\rightarrow a}g(x)\\\:\:\:\\lim_{x\rightarrow a} [f(x). g(x)]=\lim_{x\rightarrow a}f(x). \lim_{x\rightarrow a}g(x)\\\:\:\:\\lim_{x\rightarrow a}[\frac{f(x)}{g(x)}]=\frac{\lim_{x\rightarrow a}f(x)}{\lim_{x\rightarrow a}g(x)}$

• Some of the standard limits are-

$\dpi{100} \\\lim_{x\rightarrow a}\frac{x^n-a^n}{x-a}=na^{n-1}\\\:\\lim_{x\rightarrow a}\frac{sin\: x}{x}=1\\\:\\lim_{x\rightarrow a}\frac{1-cos\: x}{x}=0$

• The derivative of a function 'f' at 'a' is defined by-

$\dpi{100} f^{'}=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{f(a+h)-f(a)}{h}$

• The derivative of a function 'f' at any point 'x' is defined by-

$\dpi{100} f^{'}(x)=\frac{df(x)}{dx}=\lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\frac{f(x+h)-f(x)}{h}$

## NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Mathematics - Chapter Wise

 chapter-1 Sets chapter-2 Relations and Functions chapter-3 Trigonometric Functions chapter-4 Mathematical Induction chapter-5 Complex Numbers and Quadratic equations chapter-6 Linear Inequalities chapter-7 Permutation and Combinations chapter-8 Binomial Theorem chapter-9 Sequences and Series chapter-10 Straight Lines chapter-11 Conic Section chapter-12 Three Dimensional Geometry chapter-13 Limits and Derivatives chapter-14 Mathematical Reasoning chapter-15 Statistics chapter-16

## Key Features Of Limits And Derivatives Class 11 Solutions

Comprehensive coverage of concepts: The ch 13 maths class 11 provides a thorough and comprehensive coverage of the fundamental concepts of limits and derivatives, which are essential for understanding the principles of calculus.

Simple and easy language: The class 11 maths limits and derivatives is written in a simple and easy-to-understand language, making it accessible to students of all levels of mathematical aptitude.

Step-by-step explanations: The chapter provides step-by-step explanations of the concepts, with worked-out examples and exercises that help students to master the topics covered in the chapter.

## NCERT Solutions for Class 11- Subject Wise

Tip- Limits class 11 is more on the theory-based so you should understand every theorem and try to solve questions based on the theorem. Derivatives required more practice of problems. There are 30 questions in the miscellaneous exercise. You should solve miscellaneous exercises also to get command on this chapter with the help of NCERT solutions for class 11 maths chapter 13 limits and derivatives.

## NCERT Books and NCERT Syllabus

### Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. What is the effective way to study limits and derivatives class 11 NCERT solutions?

Effective way to study chapter 13 class 11 maths includes following points:

1. Begin by familiarizing yourself with the basic concepts covered in the chapter.
2. Understand the fundamental topics of calculus, including both differential and integral calculus.
3. Memorize the essential formulas that are used in the chapter.
4. Focus on learning about limits and their properties in detail.
5. Master the fundamental theorem of calculus and its significance.
6. To solidify your understanding of the concepts, practice problems on a regular basis.
2. What are the topics included in limits and derivatives class 11 solutions?

class11 maths ch13 includes following topics:

1. Introduction
2. Intuitive Idea of Derivatives
3. Limits
4. Limits of Trigonometric Functions
5. Derivatives

3. How does the NCERT solutions for class 11 chapter 13 maths are helpful ?

NCERT solutions for class 11 math ch 13 are helpful to the students in solving the NCERT problems as well building foundation for class 12th chapters such as differentiation, integration and many. These solutions are provided in a detailed manner which can be understood by an average student also.

4. Where can I find the complete class 11 maths NCERT solutions chapter 13?

Students can get the detailed NCERT solutions for class 11 maths here. they can practice these solutions to build concepts that lead confidence during exam and ultimately help to score well in the exam.

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A block of mass 0.50 kg is moving with a speed of 2.00 ms-1 on a smooth surface. It strikes another mass of 1.00 kg and then they move together as a single body. The energy loss during the collision is

 Option 1) Option 2) Option 3) Option 4)

A person trying to lose weight by burning fat lifts a mass of 10 kg upto a height of 1 m 1000 times.  Assume that the potential energy lost each time he lowers the mass is dissipated.  How much fat will he use up considering the work done only when the weight is lifted up ?  Fat supplies 3.8×107 J of energy per kg which is converted to mechanical energy with a 20% efficiency rate.  Take g = 9.8 ms−2 :

 Option 1) 2.45×10−3 kg Option 2)  6.45×10−3 kg Option 3)  9.89×10−3 kg Option 4) 12.89×10−3 kg

An athlete in the olympic games covers a distance of 100 m in 10 s. His kinetic energy can be estimated to be in the range

 Option 1) Option 2) Option 3) Option 4)

A particle is projected at 600   to the horizontal with a kinetic energy . The kinetic energy at the highest point

 Option 1) Option 2) Option 3) Option 4)

In the reaction,

 Option 1)   at STP  is produced for every mole   consumed Option 2)   is consumed for ever      produced Option 3) is produced regardless of temperature and pressure for every mole Al that reacts Option 4) at STP is produced for every mole Al that reacts .

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 Option 1) 0.02 Option 2) 3.125 × 10-2 Option 3) 1.25 × 10-2 Option 4) 2.5 × 10-2

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 Option 1) decrease twice Option 2) increase two fold Option 3) remain unchanged Option 4) be a function of the molecular mass of the substance.

With increase of temperature, which of these changes?

 Option 1) Molality Option 2) Weight fraction of solute Option 3) Fraction of solute present in water Option 4) Mole fraction.

Number of atoms in 558.5 gram Fe (at. wt.of Fe = 55.85 g mol-1) is

 Option 1) twice that in 60 g carbon Option 2) 6.023 × 1022 Option 3) half that in 8 g He Option 4) 558.5 × 6.023 × 1023

A pulley of radius 2 m is rotated about its axis by a force F = (20t - 5t2) newton (where t is measured in seconds) applied tangentially. If the moment of inertia of the pulley about its axis of rotation is 10 kg m2 , the number of rotations made by the pulley before its direction of motion if reversed, is

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3 Jobs Available
##### Database Architect

If you are intrigued by the programming world and are interested in developing communications networks then a career as database architect may be a good option for you. Data architect roles and responsibilities include building design models for data communication networks. Wide Area Networks (WANs), local area networks (LANs), and intranets are included in the database networks. It is expected that database architects will have in-depth knowledge of a company's business to develop a network to fulfil the requirements of the organisation. Stay tuned as we look at the larger picture and give you more information on what is db architecture, why you should pursue database architecture, what to expect from such a degree and what your job opportunities will be after graduation. Here, we will be discussing how to become a data architect. Students can visit NIT Trichy, IIT Kharagpur, JMI New Delhi

3 Jobs Available
##### Data Analyst

The invention of the database has given fresh breath to the people involved in the data analytics career path. Analysis refers to splitting up a whole into its individual components for individual analysis. Data analysis is a method through which raw data are processed and transformed into information that would be beneficial for user strategic thinking.

Data are collected and examined to respond to questions, evaluate hypotheses or contradict theories. It is a tool for analyzing, transforming, modeling, and arranging data with useful knowledge, to assist in decision-making and methods, encompassing various strategies, and is used in different fields of business, research, and social science.

3 Jobs Available
##### Bank Probationary Officer (PO)

A career as Bank Probationary Officer (PO) is seen as a promising career opportunity and a white-collar career. Each year aspirants take the Bank PO exam. This career provides plenty of career development and opportunities for a successful banking future. If you have more questions about a career as  Bank Probationary Officer (PO), what is probationary officer or how to become a Bank Probationary Officer (PO) then you can read the article and clear all your doubts.

3 Jobs Available
##### Operations Manager

Individuals in the operations manager jobs are responsible for ensuring the efficiency of each department to acquire its optimal goal. They plan the use of resources and distribution of materials. The operations manager's job description includes managing budgets, negotiating contracts, and performing administrative tasks.

3 Jobs Available
##### Data Analyst

The invention of the database has given fresh breath to the people involved in the data analytics career path. Analysis refers to splitting up a whole into its individual components for individual analysis. Data analysis is a method through which raw data are processed and transformed into information that would be beneficial for user strategic thinking.

Data are collected and examined to respond to questions, evaluate hypotheses or contradict theories. It is a tool for analyzing, transforming, modeling, and arranging data with useful knowledge, to assist in decision-making and methods, encompassing various strategies, and is used in different fields of business, research, and social science.

3 Jobs Available
##### Finance Executive

A career as a Finance Executive requires one to be responsible for monitoring an organisation's income, investments and expenses to create and evaluate financial reports. His or her role involves performing audits, invoices, and budget preparations. He or she manages accounting activities, bank reconciliations, and payable and receivable accounts.

3 Jobs Available
##### Investment Banker

An Investment Banking career involves the invention and generation of capital for other organizations, governments, and other entities. Individuals who opt for a career as Investment Bankers are the head of a team dedicated to raising capital by issuing bonds. Investment bankers are termed as the experts who have their fingers on the pulse of the current financial and investing climate. Students can pursue various Investment Banker courses, such as Banking and Insurance, and Economics to opt for an Investment Banking career path.

3 Jobs Available
##### Bank Branch Manager

Bank Branch Managers work in a specific section of banking related to the invention and generation of capital for other organisations, governments, and other entities. Bank Branch Managers work for the organisations and underwrite new debts and equity securities for all type of companies, aid in the sale of securities, as well as help to facilitate mergers and acquisitions, reorganisations, and broker trades for both institutions and private investors.

3 Jobs Available
##### Treasurer

Treasury analyst career path is often regarded as certified treasury specialist in some business situations, is a finance expert who specifically manages a company or organisation's long-term and short-term financial targets. Treasurer synonym could be a financial officer, which is one of the reputed positions in the corporate world. In a large company, the corporate treasury jobs hold power over the financial decision-making of the total investment and development strategy of the organisation.

3 Jobs Available
##### Product Manager

A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.

3 Jobs Available
##### Transportation Planner

A career as Transportation Planner requires technical application of science and technology in engineering, particularly the concepts, equipment and technologies involved in the production of products and services. In fields like land use, infrastructure review, ecological standards and street design, he or she considers issues of health, environment and performance. A Transportation Planner assigns resources for implementing and designing programmes. He or she is responsible for assessing needs, preparing plans and forecasts and compliance with regulations.

3 Jobs Available
##### Architect

Individuals in the architecture career are the building designers who plan the whole construction keeping the safety and requirements of the people. Individuals in architect career in India provides professional services for new constructions, alterations, renovations and several other activities. Individuals in architectural careers in India visit site locations to visualize their projects and prepare scaled drawings to submit to a client or employer as a design. Individuals in architecture careers also estimate build costs, materials needed, and the projected time frame to complete a build.

2 Jobs Available
##### Landscape Architect

Having a landscape architecture career, you are involved in site analysis, site inventory, land planning, planting design, grading, stormwater management, suitable design, and construction specification. Frederick Law Olmsted, the designer of Central Park in New York introduced the title “landscape architect”. The Australian Institute of Landscape Architects (AILA) proclaims that "Landscape Architects research, plan, design and advise on the stewardship, conservation and sustainability of development of the environment and spaces, both within and beyond the built environment". Therefore, individuals who opt for a career as a landscape architect are those who are educated and experienced in landscape architecture. Students need to pursue various landscape architecture degrees, such as M.Des, M.Plan to become landscape architects. If you have more questions regarding a career as a landscape architect or how to become a landscape architect then you can read the article to get your doubts cleared.

2 Jobs Available
##### Plumber

An expert in plumbing is aware of building regulations and safety standards and works to make sure these standards are upheld. Testing pipes for leakage using air pressure and other gauges, and also the ability to construct new pipe systems by cutting, fitting, measuring and threading pipes are some of the other more involved aspects of plumbing. Individuals in the plumber career path are self-employed or work for a small business employing less than ten people, though some might find working for larger entities or the government more desirable.

2 Jobs Available
##### Construction Manager

Individuals who opt for a career as construction managers have a senior-level management role offered in construction firms. Responsibilities in the construction management career path are assigning tasks to workers, inspecting their work, and coordinating with other professionals including architects, subcontractors, and building services engineers.

2 Jobs Available
##### Carpenter

Carpenters are typically construction workers. They stay involved in performing many types of construction activities. It includes cutting, fitting and assembling wood.  Carpenters may help in building constructions, bridges, big ships and boats. Here, in the article, we will discuss carpenter career path, carpenter salary, how to become a carpenter, carpenter job outlook.

2 Jobs Available
##### Welder

An individual who opts for a career as a welder is a professional tradesman who is skilled in creating a fusion between two metal pieces to join it together with the use of a manual or fully automatic welding machine in their welder career path. It is joined by intense heat and gas released between the metal pieces through the welding machine to permanently fix it.

2 Jobs Available
##### Environmental Engineer

Individuals who opt for a career as an environmental engineer are construction professionals who utilise the skills and knowledge of biology, soil science, chemistry and the concept of engineering to design and develop projects that serve as solutions to various environmental problems.

2 Jobs Available
##### Orthotist and Prosthetist

Orthotists and Prosthetists are professionals who provide aid to patients with disabilities. They fix them to artificial limbs (prosthetics) and help them to regain stability. There are times when people lose their limbs in an accident. In some other occasions, they are born without a limb or orthopaedic impairment. Orthotists and prosthetists play a crucial role in their lives with fixing them to assistive devices and provide mobility.

6 Jobs Available
##### Veterinary Doctor

A veterinary doctor is a medical professional with a degree in veterinary science. The veterinary science qualification is the minimum requirement to become a veterinary doctor. There are numerous veterinary science courses offered by various institutes. He or she is employed at zoos to ensure they are provided with good health facilities and medical care to improve their life expectancy.

5 Jobs Available
##### Pathologist

A career in pathology in India is filled with several responsibilities as it is a medical branch and affects human lives. The demand for pathologists has been increasing over the past few years as people are getting more aware of different diseases. Not only that, but an increase in population and lifestyle changes have also contributed to the increase in a pathologist’s demand. The pathology careers provide an extremely huge number of opportunities and if you want to be a part of the medical field you can consider being a pathologist. If you want to know more about a career in pathology in India then continue reading this article.

5 Jobs Available
##### Gynaecologist

Gynaecology can be defined as the study of the female body. The job outlook for gynaecology is excellent since there is evergreen demand for one because of their responsibility of dealing with not only women’s health but also fertility and pregnancy issues. Although most women prefer to have a women obstetrician gynaecologist as their doctor, men also explore a career as a gynaecologist and there are ample amounts of male doctors in the field who are gynaecologists and aid women during delivery and childbirth.

4 Jobs Available
##### Surgical Technologist

When it comes to an operation theatre, there are several tasks that are to be carried out before as well as after the operation or surgery has taken place. Such tasks are not possible without surgical tech and surgical tech tools. A single surgeon cannot do it all alone. It’s like for a footballer he needs his team’s support to score a goal the same goes for a surgeon. It is here, when a surgical technologist comes into the picture. It is the job of a surgical technologist to prepare the operation theatre with all the required equipment before the surgery. Not only that, once an operation is done it is the job of the surgical technologist to clean all the equipment. One has to fulfil the minimum requirements of surgical tech qualifications.

Also Read: Career as Nurse

3 Jobs Available
##### Oncologist

An oncologist is a specialised doctor responsible for providing medical care to patients diagnosed with cancer. He or she uses several therapies to control the cancer and its effect on the human body such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and biopsy. An oncologist designs a treatment plan based on a pathology report after diagnosing the type of cancer and where it is spreading inside the body.

3 Jobs Available
##### Dentist

Those who wish to make a dentist career in India must know that dental training opens up a universe of expert chances. Notwithstanding private practice, the present dental school graduates can pick other dental profession alternatives, remembering working in medical clinic crisis rooms, leading propelled lab examinations, teaching future dental specialists, or in any event, venturing to the far corners of the planet with International health and relief organizations.

2 Jobs Available
##### Health Inspector

Individuals following a career as health inspectors have to face resistance and lack of cooperation while working on the sites. The health inspector's job description includes taking precautionary measures while inspecting to save themself from any external injury and the need to cover their mouth to avoid toxic substances. A health inspector does the desk job as well as the fieldwork. Health inspector jobs require one to travel long hours to inspect a particular place.

2 Jobs Available
##### Actor

For an individual who opts for a career as an actor, the primary responsibility is to completely speak to the character he or she is playing and to persuade the crowd that the character is genuine by connecting with them and bringing them into the story. This applies to significant roles and littler parts, as all roles join to make an effective creation. Here in this article, we will discuss how to become an actor in India, actor exams, actor salary in India, and actor jobs.

4 Jobs Available
##### Acrobat

Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

3 Jobs Available
##### Video Game Designer

Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages. Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

3 Jobs Available
##### Talent Agent

The career as a Talent Agent is filled with responsibilities. A Talent Agent is someone who is involved in the pre-production process of the film. It is a very busy job for a Talent Agent but as and when an individual gains experience and progresses in the career he or she can have people assisting him or her in work. Depending on one’s responsibilities, number of clients and experience he or she may also have to lead a team and work with juniors under him or her in a talent agency. In order to know more about the job of a talent agent continue reading the article.

If you want to know more about talent agent meaning, how to become a Talent Agent, or Talent Agent job description then continue reading this article.

3 Jobs Available

Radio Jockey is an exciting, promising career and a great challenge for music lovers. If you are really interested in a career as radio jockey, then it is very important for an RJ to have an automatic, fun, and friendly personality. If you want to get a job done in this field, a strong command of the language and a good voice are always good things. Apart from this, in order to be a good radio jockey, you will also listen to good radio jockeys so that you can understand their style and later make your own by practicing.

A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.

3 Jobs Available
##### Producer

An individual who is pursuing a career as a producer is responsible for managing the business aspects of production. They are involved in each aspect of production from its inception to deception. Famous movie producers review the script, recommend changes and visualise the story.

They are responsible for overseeing the finance involved in the project and distributing the film for broadcasting on various platforms. A career as a producer is quite fulfilling as well as exhaustive in terms of playing different roles in order for a production to be successful. Famous movie producers are responsible for hiring creative and technical personnel on contract basis.

2 Jobs Available
##### Fashion Blogger

Fashion bloggers use multiple social media platforms to recommend or share ideas related to fashion. A fashion blogger is a person who writes about fashion, publishes pictures of outfits, jewellery, accessories. Fashion blogger works as a model, journalist, and a stylist in the fashion industry. In current fashion times, these bloggers have crossed into becoming a star in fashion magazines, commercials, or campaigns.

2 Jobs Available
##### Photographer

Photography is considered both a science and an art, an artistic means of expression in which the camera replaces the pen. In a career as a photographer, an individual is hired to capture the moments of public and private events, such as press conferences or weddings, or may also work inside a studio, where people go to get their picture clicked. Photography is divided into many streams each generating numerous career opportunities in photography. With the boom in advertising, media, and the fashion industry, photography has emerged as a lucrative and thrilling career option for many Indian youths.

2 Jobs Available
##### Copy Writer

In a career as a copywriter, one has to consult with the client and understand the brief well. A career as a copywriter has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. Several new mediums of advertising are opening therefore making it a lucrative career choice. Students can pursue various copywriter courses such as Journalism, Advertising, Marketing Management. Here, we have discussed how to become a freelance copywriter, copywriter career path, how to become a copywriter in India, and copywriting career outlook.

5 Jobs Available
##### Journalist

Careers in journalism are filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. As it is the small details that provide insights into a story. Depending on those insights a journalist goes about writing a news article. A journalism career can be stressful at times but if you are someone who is passionate about it then it is the right choice for you. If you want to know more about the media field and journalist career then continue reading this article.

3 Jobs Available
##### Publisher

For publishing books, newspapers, magazines and digital material, editorial and commercial strategies are set by publishers. Individuals in publishing career paths make choices about the markets their businesses will reach and the type of content that their audience will be served. Individuals in book publisher careers collaborate with editorial staff, designers, authors, and freelance contributors who develop and manage the creation of content.

3 Jobs Available
##### Vlogger

In a career as a vlogger, one generally works for himself or herself. However, once an individual has gained viewership there are several brands and companies that approach them for paid collaboration. It is one of those fields where an individual can earn well while following his or her passion. Ever since internet cost got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, the career as vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the career as vlogger, how to become a vlogger, so on and so forth then continue reading the article. Students can visit Jamia Millia Islamia, Asian College of Journalism, Indian Institute of Mass Communication to pursue journalism degrees.

3 Jobs Available
##### Editor

Individuals in the editor career path is an unsung hero of the news industry who polishes the language of the news stories provided by stringers, reporters, copywriters and content writers and also news agencies. Individuals who opt for a career as an editor make it more persuasive, concise and clear for readers. In this article, we will discuss the details of the editor's career path such as how to become an editor in India, editor salary in India and editor skills and qualities.

3 Jobs Available
##### Fashion Journalist

Fashion journalism involves performing research and writing about the most recent fashion trends. Journalists obtain this knowledge by collaborating with stylists, conducting interviews with fashion designers, and attending fashion shows, photoshoots, and conferences. A fashion Journalist  job is to write copy for trade and advertisement journals, fashion magazines, newspapers, and online fashion forums about style and fashion.

2 Jobs Available
##### Multimedia Specialist

A multimedia specialist is a media professional who creates, audio, videos, graphic image files, computer animations for multimedia applications. He or she is responsible for planning, producing, and maintaining websites and applications.

2 Jobs Available
##### Corporate Executive

Are you searching for a Corporate Executive job description? A Corporate Executive role comes with administrative duties. He or she provides support to the leadership of the organisation. A Corporate Executive fulfils the business purpose and ensures its financial stability. In this article, we are going to discuss how to become corporate executive.

2 Jobs Available
##### Product Manager

A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.

3 Jobs Available
##### Quality Controller

A quality controller plays a crucial role in an organisation. He or she is responsible for performing quality checks on manufactured products. He or she identifies the defects in a product and rejects the product.

A quality controller records detailed information about products with defects and sends it to the supervisor or plant manager to take necessary actions to improve the production process.

3 Jobs Available
##### Production Manager

Production Manager Job Description: A Production Manager is responsible for ensuring smooth running of manufacturing processes in an efficient manner. He or she plans and organises production schedules. The role of Production Manager involves estimation, negotiation on budget and timescales with the clients and managers.

Resource Links for Online MBA

3 Jobs Available
##### QA Manager

Quality Assurance Manager Job Description: A QA Manager is an administrative professional responsible for overseeing the activity of the QA department and staff. It involves developing, implementing and maintaining a system that is qualified and reliable for testing to meet specifications of products of organisations as well as development processes.

2 Jobs Available

A QA Lead is in charge of the QA Team. The role of QA Lead comes with the responsibility of assessing services and products in order to determine that he or she meets the quality standards. He or she develops, implements and manages test plans.

2 Jobs Available
##### Reliability Engineer

Are you searching for a Reliability Engineer job description? A Reliability Engineer is responsible for ensuring long lasting and high quality products. He or she ensures that materials, manufacturing equipment, components and processes are error free. A Reliability Engineer role comes with the responsibility of minimising risks and effectiveness of processes and equipment.

2 Jobs Available
##### Safety Manager

A Safety Manager is a professional responsible for employee’s safety at work. He or she plans, implements and oversees the company’s employee safety. A Safety Manager ensures compliance and adherence to Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) guidelines.

2 Jobs Available
##### Corporate Executive

Are you searching for a Corporate Executive job description? A Corporate Executive role comes with administrative duties. He or she provides support to the leadership of the organisation. A Corporate Executive fulfils the business purpose and ensures its financial stability. In this article, we are going to discuss how to become corporate executive.

2 Jobs Available
##### ITSM Manager

ITSM Manager is a professional responsible for heading the ITSM (Information Technology Service Management) or (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) processes. He or she ensures that operation management provides appropriate resource levels for problem resolutions. The ITSM Manager oversees the level of prioritisation for the problems, critical incidents, planned as well as proactive tasks.

3 Jobs Available
##### Information Security Manager

Individuals in the information security manager career path involves in overseeing and controlling all aspects of computer security. The IT security manager job description includes planning and carrying out security measures to protect the business data and information from corruption, theft, unauthorised access, and deliberate attack

3 Jobs Available
##### Computer Programmer

Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover include wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech enthusiasts. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word-processing applications and browsers.

3 Jobs Available
##### Product Manager

A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.

3 Jobs Available
##### IT Consultant

An IT Consultant is a professional who is also known as a technology consultant. He or she is required to provide consultation to industrial and commercial clients to resolve business and IT problems and acquire optimum growth. An IT consultant can find work by signing up with an IT consultancy firm, or he or she can work on their own as independent contractors and select the projects he or she wants to work on.

2 Jobs Available
##### Data Architect

A Data Architect role involves formulating the organisational data strategy. It involves data quality, flow of data within the organisation and security of data. The vision of Data Architect provides support to convert business requirements into technical requirements.

2 Jobs Available
##### Security Engineer

The Security Engineer is responsible for overseeing and controlling the various aspects of a company's computer security. Individuals in the security engineer jobs include developing and implementing policies and procedures to protect the data and information of the organisation. In this article, we will discuss the security engineer job description, security engineer skills, security engineer course, and security engineer career path.

2 Jobs Available
##### UX Architect

A UX Architect is someone who influences the design processes and its outcomes. He or she possesses a solid understanding of user research, information architecture, interaction design and content strategy.

2 Jobs Available