NCERT Solutions for Miscellaneous Exercise Chapter 11 Class 12 - Three Dimensional Geometry

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# NCERT Solutions for Miscellaneous Exercise Chapter 11 Class 12 - Three Dimensional Geometry

Edited By Safeer PP | Updated on Jul 05, 2022 02:36 PM IST | #CBSE Class 12th

Three Dimensional Geometry is the 11th chapter of NCERT Class 12 Mathematics. The chapter covers a few concepts from lines and planes in three dimensions. Concepts like equations of a line, plane and distance between them etc. A the end of the chapter the miscellaneous exercise comes. Here the NCERT solutions for Class 12 Maths chapter 11 miscellaneous exercise is given. The NCERT book class 12 maths chapter 11 miscellaneous exercise solutions covers questions related to all the concepts of the chapter. These Class 12 Maths chapter 11 miscellaneous solutions are designed by mathematics expert faculties. Along with the miscellaneous exercise, the following exercise is also present.

## Three Dimensional Geometry Class 12th Chapter 11-Miscellaneous Exercise

We can assume the line joining the origin, be OA where $O(0,0,0)$ and the point $A(2,1,1)$ and PQ be the line joining the points $P(3,5,-1)$ and $Q(4,3,-1)$ .

Then the direction ratios of the line OA will be $(2-0),(1-0),\ and\ (1-0) = 2,1,1$ and that of line PQ will be

$(4-3),(3-5),\ and\ (-1+1) = 1,-2,0$

So to check whether line OA is perpendicular to line PQ then,

Applying the relation we know,

$a_{1}a_{2}+b_{1}b_{2}+c_{1}c_{2} = 0$

$\Rightarrow 2(1)+1(-2)+1(0) = 2-2+0 = 0$

Therefore OA is perpendicular to line PQ.

Given that $l_1,m_1,n_1\ and\ l_2,m_2,n_2$ are the direction cosines of two mutually perpendicular lines.

Therefore, we have the relation:

$l_{1}l_{2}+m_{1}m_{2}+n_{1}n_{2} = 0$ .........................(1)

$l_{1}^2+m_{1}^2+n_{1}^2 =1\ and\ l_{2}^2+m_{2}^2+n_{2}^2 =1$ .............(2)

Now, let us assume $l,m,n$ be the new direction cosines of the lines which are perpendicular to the line with direction cosines. $l_1,m_1,n_1\ and\ l_2,m_2,n_2$

Therefore we have, $ll_{1}+mm_{1}+nn_{1} = 0 \and\ ll_{2}+mm_{2}+nn_{2} = 0$

Or, $\frac{l}{m_{1}n_{2}-m_{2}n_{1}} = \frac{m}{n_{1}l_{2}-n_{2}l_{1}} = \frac{n}{l_{1}m_{2}-l_{2}m_{1}}$

$\Rightarrow \frac{l^2}{(m_{1}n_{2}-m_{2}n_{1})^2} = \frac{m^2}{(n_{1}l_{2}-n_{2}l_{1})^2} = \frac{n^2}{(l_{1}m_{2}-l_{2}m_{1})^2}$

$\Rightarrow \frac{l^2+m^2+n^2}{(m_{1}n_{2}-m_{2}n_{1})^2 +(n_{1}l_{2}-n_{2}l_{1})^2+(l_{1}m_{2}-l_{2}m_{1})^2}$ ......(3)

So, l,m,n are the direction cosines of the line.

where, $l^2+m^2+n^2 =1$ ........................(4)

Then we know that,

$\Rightarrow (l_{1}^2+m_{1}^2+n_{1}^2)(l_{2}^2+m_{2}^2+n_{2}^2) - (l_{1}l_{2}+m_{1}m_{2}+n_{1}n_{2})^2$

$= (m_{1}n_{2}-m_{2}n_{1})^2 + (n_{1}l_{2}-n_{2}l_{1})^2+(l_{1}m_{2}-l_{2}m_{1})^2$

So, from the equation (1) and (2) we have,

$(1)(1) -(0) =(m_{1}n_{2}-m_{2}n_{1})^2 + (n_{1}l_{2}-n_{2}l_{1})^2+(l_{1}m_{2}-l_{2}m_{1})^2$

Therefore, $(m_{1}n_{2}-m_{2}n_{1})^2 + (n_{1}l_{2}-n_{2}l_{1})^2+(l_{1}m_{2}-l_{2}m_{1})^2 =1$ ..(5)

Now, we will substitute the values from the equation (4) and (5) in equation (3), to get

$\frac{l^2}{(m_{1}n_{2}-m_{2}n_{1})^2} = \frac{m^2}{(n_{1}l_{2}-n_{2}l_{1})^2} = \frac{n^2}{(l_{1}m_{2}-l_{2}m_{1})^2} =1$

Therefore we have the direction cosines of the required line as;

$l =m_{1}n_{2} - m_{2}n_{1}$

$m =n_{1}l_{2} - n_{2}l_{1}$

$n =l_{1}m_{2} - l_{2}m_{1}$

Given direction ratios $a,b,c$ and $b-c,\ c-a,\ a-b$ .

Thus the angle between the lines A is given by;

$A = \left | \frac{a(b-c)+b(c-a)+c(a-b)}{\sqrt{a^2+b^2+c^2}.\sqrt{(b-c)^2+(c-a)^2+(a-b)^2}} \right |$

$\Rightarrow \cos A = 0$

$\Rightarrow A = \cos^{-1}(0) = 90^{\circ}$ a

Thus, the angle between the lines is $90^{\circ}$

Equation of a line parallel to the x-axis and passing through the origin $(0,0,0)$ is itself x-axis .

So, let A be a point on the x-axis.

Therefore, the coordinates of A are given by $(a,0,0)$ , where $a\epsilon R$ .

Now, the direction ratios of OA are $(a-0) =a,0 , 0$

So, the equation of OA is given by,

$\frac{x-0}{a} = \frac{y-0}{0} = \frac{z-0}{0}$

or $\Rightarrow \frac{x}{1} = \frac{y}{0} = \frac{z}{0} = a$

Thus, the equation of the line parallel to the x-axis and passing through origin is

$\frac{x}{1} = \frac{y}{0} = \frac{z}{0}$

Direction ratios of AB are $(4-1),(5-2),(7-3) = 3,3,4$

and Direction ratios of CD are $(2-(-4)), (9-3), (2-(-6)) = 6,6,8$

So, it can be noticed that, $\frac{a_{1}}{a_{2}} = \frac{b_{1}}{b_{2}} =\frac{c_{1}}{c_{2}} = \frac{1}{2}$

Therefore, AB is parallel to CD.

Thus, we can easily say the angle between AB and CD which is either $0^{\circ}\ or\ 180^{\circ}$ .

Given both lines are perpendicular so we have the relation; $a_{1}a_{2}+b_{1}b_{2}+c_{1}c_{2} = 0$

For the two lines whose direction ratios are known,

$a_{1},b_{1},c_{1}\ and\ a_{2},b_{2},c_{2}$

We have the direction ratios of the lines, $\frac{x-1}{-3}=\frac{y-2}{k}=\frac{z-3}{2}$ and $\frac{x-1}{3k}=\frac{y-1}{1}=\frac{z-6}{-5}$ are $-3,2k,2$ and $3k,1,-5$ respectively.

Therefore applying the formula,

$-3(3k)+2k(1)+2(-5) = 0$

$\Rightarrow -9k +2k -10 = 0$

$\Rightarrow7k=-10$ or $k= \frac{-10}{7}$

$\therefore$ For, $k= \frac{-10}{7}$ the lines are perpendicular.

Given that the plane is passing through the point $A (1,2,3)$ so, the position vector of the point A is $\vec{r_{A}} = \widehat{i}+2\widehat{j}+3\widehat{k}$ and perpendicular to the plane $\overrightarrow{r}.(\widehat{i}+2\widehat{j}-5\widehat{k})+9=0$ whose direction ratios are $1,2,\ and\ -5$ and the normal vector is $\vec{n} = \widehat{i}+2\widehat{j}-5\widehat{k}$

So, the equation of a line passing through a point and perpendicular to the given plane is given by,

$\vec{l} = \vec{r} + \lambda\vec{n}$ , where $\lambda \epsilon R$

$\Rightarrow \vec{l} = (\widehat{i}+2\widehat{j}+3\widehat{k}) + \lambda(\widehat{i}+2\widehat{j}-5\widehat{k})$

Given that the plane is passing through $(a,b,c)$ and is parallel to the plane $\overrightarrow{r}.(\widehat{i}+\widehat{j}+\widehat{k})=2$

So, we have

The position vector of the point $A(a,b,c)$ is, $\vec{r_{A}} = a\widehat{i}+b\widehat{j}+c\widehat{k}$

and any plane which is parallel to the plane, $\overrightarrow{r}.(\widehat{i}+\widehat{j}+\widehat{k})=2$ is of the form,

$\overrightarrow{r}.(\widehat{i}+\widehat{j}+\widehat{k})=\lambda$ . .......................(1)

Therefore the equation we get,

$( a\widehat{i}+b\widehat{j}+c\widehat{k}).(\widehat{i}+\widehat{j}+\widehat{k})=\lambda$

Or, $a+b+c = \lambda$

So, now substituting the value of $\lambda = a+b+c$ in equation (1), we get

$\overrightarrow{r}.(\widehat{i}+\widehat{j}+\widehat{k})=a+b+c$ .................(2)

So, this is the required equation of the plane .

Now, substituting $\vec{r} = x\widehat{i}+y\widehat{j}+z\widehat{k}$ in equation (2), we get

$(x\widehat{i}+y\widehat{j}+z\widehat{k}).(\widehat{i}+\widehat{j}+\widehat{k})=a+b+c$

Or, $x+y+z = a+b+c$

Given lines are;

$\overrightarrow{r}=6\widehat{i}+2\widehat{j}+2\widehat{k}+\lambda (\widehat{i}-2\widehat{j}-2\widehat{k})$ and

$\overrightarrow{r}=-4\widehat{i}-\widehat{k}+\mu(3\widehat{i}-2\widehat{j}-2\widehat{k})$

So, we can find the shortest distance between two lines $\vec{r} = \vec{a_{1}}+\lambda \vec{b_{1}}$ and $\vec{r} = \vec{a_{1}}+\lambda \vec{b_{1}}$ by the formula,

$d = \left | \frac{(\vec{b_{1}}\times\vec{b_{2}}).(\vec{a_{2}}-\vec{a_{1}})}{\left | \vec{b_{1}}\times\vec{b_{2}} \right |} \right |$ ...........................(1)

Now, we have from the comparisons of the given equations of lines.

$\vec{a_{1}} = 6\widehat{i}+2\widehat{j}+2\widehat{k}$ $\vec{b_{1}} = \widehat{i}-2\widehat{j}+2\widehat{k}$

$\vec{a_{2}} = -4\widehat{i}-\widehat{k}$ $\vec{b_{2}} = 3\widehat{i}-2\widehat{j}-2\widehat{k}$

So, $\vec{a_{2}} -\vec{a_{1}} = (-4\widehat{i}-\widehat{k}) -(6\widehat{i}+2\widehat{j}+2\widehat{k}) = -10\widehat{i}-2\widehat{j}-3\widehat{k}$

and $\Rightarrow \vec{b_{1}}\times \vec{b_{2}} = \begin{vmatrix} \widehat{i} &\widehat{j} &\widehat{k} \\ 1 &-2 &2 \\ 3& -2 &-2 \end{vmatrix} = (4+4)\widehat{i}-(-2-6)\widehat{j}+(-2+6)\widehat{k}$

$=8\widehat{i}+8\widehat{j}+4\widehat{k}$

$\therefore \left | \vec{b_{1}}\times \vec{b_{2}} \right | = \sqrt{8^2+8^2+4^2} =12$

$(\vec{b_{1}}\times \vec{b_{2}}).(\vec{a_{2}}-\vec{a_{1}}) = (8\widehat{i}+8\widehat{j}+4\widehat{k}).(-10\widehat{i}-2\widehat{j}-3\widehat{k}) = -80-16-12 =-108$ Now, substituting all values in equation (3) we get,

$d = | \frac{-108}{12}| = 9$

Hence the shortest distance between the two given lines is 9 units.

We know that the equation of the line that passes through the points $(x_{1},y_{1},z_{1})$ and $(x_{2},y_{2},z_{2})$ is given by the relation;

$\frac{x-x_{1}}{x_{2}-x_{1}} = \frac{y-y_{1}}{y_{2}-y_{1}} = \frac{z-z_{1}}{z_{2}-z_{1}}$

and the line passing through the points, $\frac{x-5}{3-5} =\frac{y-1}{4-1} = \frac{z-6}{1-6}$

$\implies \frac{x-5}{-2} = \frac{y-1}{3} = \frac{z-6}{-5} = k\ (say)$

$\implies x=5-2k,\ y=3k+1,\ z=6-5k$

And any point on the line is of the form $(5-2k,3k+1,6-5k)$ .

So, the equation of the YZ plane is $x=0$

Since the line passes through YZ- plane,

we have then,

$5-2k = 0$

$\Rightarrow k =\frac{5}{2}$

or $3k+1 = 3(\frac{5}{2})+1 = \frac{17}{2}$ and $6-5k= 6-5(\frac{5}{2}) = \frac{-13}{2}$

So, therefore the required point is $\left ( 0,\frac{17}{2},\frac{-13}{2} \right )$

We know that the equation of the line that passes through the points $(x_{1},y_{1},z_{1})$ and $(x_{2},y_{2},z_{2})$ is given by the relation;

$\frac{x-x_{1}}{x_{2}-x_{1}} = \frac{y-y_{1}}{y_{2}-y_{1}} = \frac{z-z_{1}}{z_{2}-z_{1}}$

and the line passing through the points, $\frac{x-5}{3-5} =\frac{y-1}{4-1} = \frac{z-6}{1-6}$

$\implies \frac{x-5}{-2} = \frac{y-1}{3} = \frac{z-6}{-5} = k\ (say)$

$\implies x=5-2k,\ y=3k+1,\ z=6-5k$

And any point on the line is of the form $(5-2k,3k+1,6-5k)$ .

So, the equation of ZX plane is $y=0$

Since the line passes through YZ- plane,

we have then,

$3k+1 = 0$

$\Rightarrow k =-\frac{1}{3}$

or $5-2k = 5-2\left ( -\frac{1}{3} \right ) = \frac{17}{3}$ and $6-5k= 6-5(\frac{-1}{3}) = \frac{23}{3}$

So, therefore the required point is $\left ( \frac{17}{3},0,\frac{23}{3} \right )$

We know that the equation of the line that passes through the points $(x_{1},y_{1},z_{1})$ and $(x_{2},y_{2},z_{2})$ is given by the relation;

$\frac{x-x_{1}}{x_{2}-x_{1}} = \frac{y-y_{1}}{y_{2}-y_{1}} = \frac{z-z_{1}}{z_{2}-z_{1}}$

and the line passing through the points, $(3,-4,-5)\ and\ (2,-3,1)$ .

$\implies \frac{x-3}{2-3} = \frac{y+4}{-3+4} = \frac{z+5}{1+5} = k\ (say)$

$\implies \frac{x-3}{-1} = \frac{y+4}{-1} = \frac{z+5}{6} = k\ (say)$

$\implies x=3-k,\ y=k-4,\ z=6k-5$

And any point on the line is of the form. $(3-k,k-4,6k-5)$

This point lies on the plane, $2x+y+z = 7$

$\therefore 2(3-k)+(k-4)+(6k-5) = 7$

$\implies 5k-3=7$

or $k =2$ .

Hence, the coordinates of the required point are $(3-2,2-4,6(2)-5)$ or $(1,-2,7)$ .

Given

two planes x + 2y + 3z = 5 and 3x + 3y + z = 0.

the normal vectors of these plane are

$n_1=\hat i+2\hat j+ 3\hat k$

$n_2=3\hat i+3\hat j+ \hat k$

Since the normal vector of the required plane is perpendicular to the normal vector of given planes, the required plane's normal vector will be :

$\vec n = \vec n_1\times\vec n_2$

$\vec n = (\hat i+2\hat j +3\hat k )\times (3\hat i + 3\hat j +\hat k)$

$\vec n =\begin{vmatrix} \hat i &\hat j &\hat k \\ 1 &2 &3 \\ 3& 3& 1 \end{vmatrix}=\hat i(2-9)-\hat j(1-9)+\hat k (3-6)$

$\vec n =-7\hat i+8\hat j-3\hat k$

Now, as we know

the equation of a plane in vector form is :

$\vec r\cdot\vec n=d$

$\vec r\cdot(-7\hat i+8\hat j-3\hat k)=d$

Now Since this plane passes through the point (-1,3,2)

$(-\hat i+3\hat j+2\hat k)\cdot(-7\hat i+8\hat j-3\hat k)=d$

$7+24-6=d$

$d=25$

Hence the equation of the plane is

$\vec r\cdot(-7\hat i+8\hat j-3\hat k)=25$

Given that the points $A(1,1,p)$ and $B(-3,0,1)$ are equidistant from the plane

$\overrightarrow{r}.(3\widehat{i}+4\widehat{j}-12\widehat{k})+13 =0$

So we can write the position vector through the point $(1,1,p)$ is $\vec{a_{1}} = \widehat{i}+\widehat{j}+p\widehat{k}$

Similarly, the position vector through the point $B(-3,0,1)$ is

$\vec{a_{2}} = -4\widehat{i}+\widehat{k}$

The equation of the given plane is $\overrightarrow{r}.(3\widehat{i}+4\widehat{j}-12\widehat{k})+13 =0$

and We know that the perpendicular distance between a point whose position vector is $\vec{a}$ and the plane, $\vec{n} = 3\widehat{i}+4\widehat{j}-12\widehat{k}$ and $d =-13$

Therefore, the distance between the point $A(1,1,p)$ and the given plane is

$D_{1} = \frac{\left | (\widehat{i}+\widehat{j}+p\widehat{k}).(3\widehat{i}+4\widehat{j}-12\widehat{k})+13 \right |}{3\widehat{i}+4\widehat{j}-12\widehat{k}}$

$D_{1} = \frac{\left | 3+4-12p+13 \right |}{\sqrt{3^2+4^2+(-12)^2}}$

$D_{1} = \frac{\left | 20-12p \right |}{13}$ nbsp; .........................(1)

Similarly, the distance between the point $B(-1,0,1)$ , and the given plane is

$D_{2} = \frac{\left | (-3\widehat{i}+\widehat{k}).(3\widehat{i}+4\widehat{j}-12\widehat{k})+13 \right |}{3\widehat{i}+4\widehat{j}-12\widehat{k}}$

$D_{2} = \frac{\left |-9-12+13 \right |}{\sqrt{3^2+4^2+(-12)^2}}$

$D_{2} = \frac{8}{13}$ .........................(2)

And it is given that the distance between the required plane and the points, $A(1,1,p)$ and $B(-3,0,1)$ is equal.

$\therefore D_{1} =D_{2}$

$\implies \frac{\left | 20-12p \right |}{13} =\frac{8}{13}$

therefore we have,

$\implies 12p =12$

or $p =1$ or $p = \frac{7}{3}$

So, the given planes are:

$\overrightarrow{r}.\left ( \widehat{i}+\widehat{j}+\widehat{k} \right )=1$ and $\overrightarrow{r}.\left (2 \widehat{i}+3\widehat{j}-\widehat{k} \right )+4=0$

The equation of any plane passing through the line of intersection of these planes is

$[\overrightarrow{r}.\left ( \widehat{i}+\widehat{j}+\widehat{k} \right )-1] + \lambda \left [ \overrightarrow{r}.\left (2 \widehat{i}+3\widehat{j}-\widehat{k} \right )+4\right ] = 0$

$\vec{r}.[(2\lambda+1)\widehat{i}+(3\lambda+1)\widehat{j}+(1-\lambda)\widehat{k}]+(4\lambda+1) = 0$ ..............(1)

Its direction ratios are $(2\lambda+1) , (3\lambda+1),$ and $(1-\lambda)$ = 0

The required plane is parallel to the x-axis.

Therefore, its normal is perpendicular to the x-axis.

The direction ratios of the x-axis are 1,0, and 0.

$\therefore \1.(2\lambda+1) + 0(\3\lambda+1)+0(1-\lambda) = 0$

$\implies 2\lambda+1 = 0$

$\implies \lambda = -\frac{1}{2}$

Substituting $\lambda = -\frac{1}{2}$ in equation (1), we obtain

$\implies \vec{r}.\left [ -\frac{1}{2}\widehat{j}+\frac{3}{2}\widehat{k} \right ]+(-3)= 0$

$\implies \vec{r}(\widehat{j}-3\widehat{k})+6= 0$

So, the Cartesian equation is $y -3z+6 = 0$

We have the coordinates of the points $O(0,0,0)$ and $P(1,2,-3)$ respectively.

Therefore, the direction ratios of OP are $(1-0) = 1, (2-0)=2,\ and\ (-3-0)=-3$

And we know that the equation of the plane passing through the point $(x_{1},y_{1},z_{1})$ is

$a(x-x_{1})+b(y-y_{1})+c(z-z_{1})=0$ where a,b,c are the direction ratios of normal.

Here, the direction ratios of normal are $1,2,$ and $-3$ and the point P is $(1,2,-3)$ .

Thus, the equation of the required plane is

$1(x-1)+2(y-2)-3(z+3) = 0$

$\implies x+2y -3z-14 = 0$

The equation of the plane passing through the line of intersection of the given plane in $\overrightarrow{r}.(\widehat{i}+2\widehat{j}+3\widehat{k})-4=0,\overrightarrow{r}.\left ( 2\widehat{i}+\widehat{j}-\widehat{k} \right )+5=0$

$\left [ \vec{r}.(\widehat{i}+2\widehat{j}+3\widehat{k})-4 \right ]+\lambda\left [ \vec{r}.\left ( 2\widehat{i}+\widehat{j}-\widehat{k} \right )+5 \right ] = 0$

$\vec{r}.[(2\lambda+1)\widehat{i}+(\lambda+2)\widehat{j}+(3-\lambda)\widehat{k}]+(5\lambda-4)= 0$ ,,,,,,,,,,,,,(1)

The plane in equation (1) is perpendicular to the plane, Therefore $5(2\lambda+1)+3(\lambda+2) -6(3-\lambda) = 0$

$\implies 19\lambda -7 = 0$

$\implies \lambda = \frac{7}{19}$

Substituting $\lambda = \frac{7}{19}$ in equation (1), we obtain

$\implies \vec{r}.\left [ \frac{33}{19}\widehat{i}+\frac{45}{19}\widehat{j}+\frac{50}{19}\widehat{k} \right ] -\frac{41}{19} = 0$

$\implies \vec{r}.(33\widehat{i}+45\widehat{j}+50\widehat{k}) -41 = 0$ .......................(4)

So, this is the vector equation of the required plane.

The Cartesian equation of this plane can be obtained by substituting $\implies \vec{r}= (x\widehat{i}+y\widehat{j}+z\widehat{k})$ in equation (1).

$(x\widehat{i}+y\widehat{j}+z\widehat{k}).(33\widehat{i}+45\widehat{j}+50\widehat{k}) -41 = 0$

Therefore we get the answer $33x+45y+50z -41 = 0$

Given,

Equation of a line :

$\overrightarrow{r}=2\widehat{i}-\widehat{j}+2\widehat{k}+ \lambda\left ( 3\widehat{i}+4\widehat{j}+2\widehat{k} \right )$

Equation of the plane

$\overrightarrow{r}.\left ( \widehat{i}-\widehat{j}+\widehat{k} \right )=5$

Let's first find out the point of intersection of line and plane.

putting the value of $\vec r$ into the equation of a plane from the equation from line

$\left (2\widehat{i}-\widehat{j}+2\widehat{k}+ \lambda\left ( 3\widehat{i}+4\widehat{j}+2\widehat{k} \right ) \right )\cdot (\hat i-\hat j+\hat k)=5$

$(2+3\lambda)-(4\lambda -1)+(2+2\lambda)=5$

$\lambda+5=5$

$\lambda=0$

Now, from the equation, any point p in line is

$P=(2+3\lambda,4\lambda-1,2+2\lambda)$

So the point of intersection is

$P=(2+3*0,4*0-1,2+2*0)=(2,-1,2)$

SO, Now,

The distance between the points (-1,-5,-10) and (2,-1,2) is

$d=\sqrt{(2-(-1))^2+(-1-(-5))^2+(2-(-10))^2}=\sqrt{9+16+144}$

$d=\sqrt{169}=13$

Hence the required distance is 13.

Given

A point through which line passes

$\vec a=\hat i+2\hat j+3\hat k$

two plane

$\overrightarrow{r}.\left ( \widehat{i}-\widehat{j}+2\widehat{k} \right )=5$ And

$\overrightarrow{r}.\left ( 3\widehat{i}+\widehat{j}+\widehat{k} \right )=6$

it can be seen that normals of the planes are

$\vec n_1=\hat i-\hat j+2\hat k$

$\vec n_2=3\hat i+\hat j+\hat k$
since the line is parallel to both planes, its parallel vector will be perpendicular to normals of both planes.

So, a vector perpendicular to both these normal vector is

$\vec d=\vec n_1\times\vec n_2$

$\vec d=\begin{vmatrix} \hat i &\hat j & \hat k\\ 1 &-1 &2 \\ 3& 1 & 1 \end{vmatrix}=\hat i(-1-2)-\hat j(1-6)+\hat k(1+3)$

$\vec d=-3\hat i+5\hat j+4\hat k$

Now a line which passes through $\vec a$ and parallels to $\vec d$ is

$L=\vec a+\lambda\vec d$

So the required line is

$L=\vec a+\lambda\vec d$

$L=\hat i+2\hat j+3\hat k+\lambda(-3\hat i+5\hat j+4\hat k)$

$L=(1-3\lambda)\hat i+(2+5\lambda)\hat j+(3+4\lambda)\hat k$

$\frac{x-8}{3}=\frac{y+19}{-16}=\frac{z-10}{7}$ and $\frac{x-15}{3}=\frac{y-29}{8}=\frac{z-5}{-5}$

Given

Two straight lines in 3D whose direction cosines (3,-16,7) and (3,8,-5)

Now the two vectors which are parallel to the two lines are

$\vec a= 3\hat i-16\hat j+7\hat k$ and

$\vec b= 3\hat i+8\hat j-5\hat k$

As we know, a vector perpendicular to both vectors $\vec a$ and $\vec b$ is $\vec a\times\vec b$ , so

$\vec a\times\vec b=\begin{vmatrix} \hat i &\hat j &\hat k \\ 3& -16 &7 \\ 3&8 &-5 \end{vmatrix}=\hat i(80-56)-\hat j(-15-21)+\hat k(24+48)$

$\vec a\times\vec b=24\hat i+36\hat j+72\hat k$

A vector parallel to this vector is

$\vec d=2\hat i+3\hat j+6\hat k$

Now as we know the vector equation of the line which passes through point p and parallel to vector d is

$L=\vec p+\lambda \vec d$

Here in our question, give point p = (1,2,-4) which means position vector of this point is

$\vec p = \hat i +2\hat j-4\hat k$

So, the required line is

$L=\vec p+\lambda \vec d$

$L=\hat i+2\hat j-4\hat k +\lambda (2\hat i+3\hat j+6\hat k)$

$L=(2\lambda +1)\hat i+(2+3\lambda)\hat j+(6\lambda-4)\hat k$

The equation of plane having a, b and c intercepts with x, y and z-axis respectively is given by
$\frac{x}{a}+\frac{y}{b}+\frac{z}{c}= 1$
The distance p of the plane from the origin is given by
$\\p = \left | \frac{\frac{0}{a}+\frac{0}{b}+\frac{0}{c}-1}{\sqrt{(\frac{1}{a})^2+(\frac{1}{b})^2(\frac{1}{c})^2}} \right |\\ \\ p = \left | \frac{-1}{\sqrt{(\frac{1}{a})^2+(\frac{1}{b})^2(\frac{1}{c})^2}} \right |\\ \\ \frac{1}{p^2}= \frac{1}{a^2}+\frac{1}{b^2}+\frac{1}{c^2}$
Hence proved

(A) 2 units (B) 4 units (C) 8 units (D) $\dpi{80} \frac{2}{\sqrt{29}}unit$

Given equations are
$2x+3y+4z= 4 \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ -(i)$
and
$4x+6y+8z= 12\\ 2(2x+3y+4z)= 12\\ 2x+3y+4z = 6 \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ -(ii)$
Now, it is clear from equation (i) and (ii) that given planes are parallel
We know that the distance between two parallel planes $ax+by +cz = d_1 \ and \ ax+by +cz = d_2$ is given by
$D= \left | \frac{d_2-d_1}{\sqrt{a^2+b^2+c^2}} \right |$
Put the values in this equation
we will get,
$D= \left | \frac{6-4}{\sqrt{2^2+3^2+4^2}} \right |$
$D= \left | \frac{2}{\sqrt{4+9+16}} \right |= \left | \frac{2}{\sqrt{29}} \right |$
Therefore, the correct answer is (D)

(A) Perpendicular (B) Parallel (C) intersect y-axis (D) passes through $\left ( 0,0,\frac{5}{4} \right )$

Given equations of planes are
$2x-y+4z=5 \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ -(i)$
and
$5x-2.5y+10z=6\\ 2.5(2x-y+4z)=6\\ 2x-y+4z= 2.4 \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ -(ii)$
Now, from equation (i) and (ii) it is clear that given planes are parallel to each other
$\because \frac{a_1}{a_2}=\frac{b_1}{b_2}=\frac{c_1}{c_2}\Rightarrow \frac{2}{2}= \frac{-1}{-1}=\frac{4}{4}\Rightarrow 1=1=1$
Therefore, the correct answer is (B)

## More About NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 11 Miscellaneous Exercise

Twenty-three questions are there in the Class 12 Maths chapter 11 miscellaneous solutions. Miscellaneous exercise chapter 11 Class 12 are important to understand the concepts explained in the chapter. The NCERT syllabus for Class 12 Maths chapter 11 miscellaneous exercise covers all the concepts of the chapter.

## Benefits of NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 11 Miscellaneous Exercise

• To practise the complete chapter the miscellaneous exercise chapter 11 Class 12 is useful

• To practice for the board exam the NCERT solutions for Class 12 Maths chapter 11 miscellaneous exercise is helpful.

## Subject Wise NCERT Exemplar Solutions

### Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. How many exercises are covered in the NCERT Class 12 chapter 3 dimensional geometry?

Total four exercises are covered in three-dimensional geometry.

2. Give a difference between one, two and three dimensions?

One dimension is represented by a single axis (say x-axis), in two dimensions we have two axes (say x and y-axis) and three-dimension in space is is represented by three axes (say x,y and z-axis)

3. How many questions are solved in the NCERT solutions for Class 12 Maths chapter 11 miscellaneous exercise?

23 questions are solved in the miscellaneous exercise of class 12 chapter

4. How many exercises are solved before miscellaneous?

Three exercises are solved before miscellaneous exercise of Cass 12 Maths chapter three dimensional geometry

5. What is the importance of the NCERT syllabus?

NCERT syllabus is required for the preparation of CBSE board exams and some of the state board exams like Kerala state board. Also, NCERT is considered as the bible for the preparation of NEET exams (physics, chemistry and biology). Also, the NCERT syllabus is helpful for JEE main exam (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics)

6. Why do we solve NCERT Class 12 chapter 11 exercises?

To practice the concepts covered in the chapter.

7. What is the importance of miscellaneous exercises?

Miscellaneous exercises give a good variety of problems covering the entire chapter.

8. Can we expect questions from miscellaneous exercises for board exams?

Yes, sometimes the type of questions discussed in miscellaneous exercises are asked for both board exams and competitive exams as well.

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### Questions related to CBSE Class 12th

Have a question related to CBSE Class 12th ?

hello,

Yes you can appear for the compartment paper again since CBSE gives three chances to a candidate to clear his/her exams so you still have two more attempts. However, you can appear for your improvement paper for all subjects but you cannot appear for the ones in which you have failed.

I hope this was helpful!

Good Luck

Hello dear,

If you was not able to clear 1st compartment and now you giving second compartment so YES, you can go for your improvement exam next year but if a student receives an improvement, they are given the opportunity to retake the boards as a private candidate the following year, but there are some requirements. First, the student must pass all of their subjects; if they received a compartment in any subject, they must then pass the compartment exam before being eligible for the improvement.

As you can registered yourself as private candidate for giving your improvement exam of 12 standard CBSE(Central Board of Secondary Education).For that you have to wait for a whole year which is bit difficult for you.

Positive side of waiting for whole year is you have a whole year to preparing yourself for your examination. You have no distraction or something which may causes your failure in the exams. In whole year you have to stay focused on your 12 standard examination for doing well in it. By this you get a highest marks as a comparison of others.

Believe in Yourself! You can make anything happen

All the very best.

Hello Student,

I appreciate your Interest in education. See the improvement is not restricted to one subject or multiple subjects  and  we cannot say if improvement in one subject in one year leads to improvement in more subjects in coming year.

You just need to have a revision of all subjects what you have completed in the school. have a revision and practice of subjects and concepts helps you better.

All the best.

If you'll do hard work then by hard work of 6 months you can achieve your goal but you have to start studying for it dont waste your time its a very important year so please dont waste it otherwise you'll regret.

Yes, you can take admission in class 12th privately there are many colleges in which you can give 12th privately.

A block of mass 0.50 kg is moving with a speed of 2.00 ms-1 on a smooth surface. It strikes another mass of 1.00 kg and then they move together as a single body. The energy loss during the collision is

 Option 1) Option 2) Option 3) Option 4)

A person trying to lose weight by burning fat lifts a mass of 10 kg upto a height of 1 m 1000 times.  Assume that the potential energy lost each time he lowers the mass is dissipated.  How much fat will he use up considering the work done only when the weight is lifted up ?  Fat supplies 3.8×107 J of energy per kg which is converted to mechanical energy with a 20% efficiency rate.  Take g = 9.8 ms−2 :

 Option 1) 2.45×10−3 kg Option 2)  6.45×10−3 kg Option 3)  9.89×10−3 kg Option 4) 12.89×10−3 kg

An athlete in the olympic games covers a distance of 100 m in 10 s. His kinetic energy can be estimated to be in the range

 Option 1) Option 2) Option 3) Option 4)

A particle is projected at 600   to the horizontal with a kinetic energy . The kinetic energy at the highest point

 Option 1) Option 2) Option 3) Option 4)

In the reaction,

 Option 1)   at STP  is produced for every mole   consumed Option 2)   is consumed for ever      produced Option 3) is produced regardless of temperature and pressure for every mole Al that reacts Option 4) at STP is produced for every mole Al that reacts .

How many moles of magnesium phosphate, will contain 0.25 mole of oxygen atoms?

 Option 1) 0.02 Option 2) 3.125 × 10-2 Option 3) 1.25 × 10-2 Option 4) 2.5 × 10-2

If we consider that 1/6, in place of 1/12, mass of carbon atom is taken to be the relative atomic mass unit, the mass of one mole of a substance will

 Option 1) decrease twice Option 2) increase two fold Option 3) remain unchanged Option 4) be a function of the molecular mass of the substance.

With increase of temperature, which of these changes?

 Option 1) Molality Option 2) Weight fraction of solute Option 3) Fraction of solute present in water Option 4) Mole fraction.

Number of atoms in 558.5 gram Fe (at. wt.of Fe = 55.85 g mol-1) is

 Option 1) twice that in 60 g carbon Option 2) 6.023 × 1022 Option 3) half that in 8 g He Option 4) 558.5 × 6.023 × 1023

A pulley of radius 2 m is rotated about its axis by a force F = (20t - 5t2) newton (where t is measured in seconds) applied tangentially. If the moment of inertia of the pulley about its axis of rotation is 10 kg m2 , the number of rotations made by the pulley before its direction of motion if reversed, is

 Option 1) less than 3 Option 2) more than 3 but less than 6 Option 3) more than 6 but less than 9 Option 4) more than 9
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3 Jobs Available
##### Production Manager

Production Manager Job Description: A Production Manager is responsible for ensuring smooth running of manufacturing processes in an efficient manner. He or she plans and organises production schedules. The role of Production Manager involves estimation, negotiation on budget and timescales with the clients and managers.

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A Team Leader is a professional responsible for guiding, monitoring and leading the entire group. He or she is responsible for motivating team members by providing a pleasant work environment to them and inspiring positive communication. A Team Leader contributes to the achievement of the organisation’s goals. He or she improves the confidence, product knowledge and communication skills of the team members and empowers them.

2 Jobs Available
##### Quality Systems Manager

A Quality Systems Manager is a professional responsible for developing strategies, processes, policies, standards and systems concerning the company as well as operations of its supply chain. It includes auditing to ensure compliance. It could also be carried out by a third party.

2 Jobs Available
##### Merchandiser

A career as a merchandiser requires one to promote specific products and services of one or different brands, to increase the in-house sales of the store. Merchandising job focuses on enticing the customers to enter the store and hence increasing their chances of buying a product. Although the buyer is the one who selects the lines, it all depends on the merchandiser on how much money a buyer will spend, how many lines will be purchased, and what will be the quantity of those lines. In a career as merchandiser, one is required to closely work with the display staff in order to decide in what way a product would be displayed so that sales can be maximised. In small brands or local retail stores, a merchandiser is responsible for both merchandising and buying.

2 Jobs Available
##### Procurement Manager

The procurement Manager is also known as  Purchasing Manager. The role of the Procurement Manager is to source products and services for a company. A Procurement Manager is involved in developing a purchasing strategy, including the company's budget and the supplies as well as the vendors who can provide goods and services to the company. His or her ultimate goal is to bring the right products or services at the right time with cost-effectiveness.

2 Jobs Available
##### Production Planner

Individuals who opt for a career as a production planner are professionals who are responsible for ensuring goods manufactured by the employing company are cost-effective and meets quality specifications including ensuring the availability of ready to distribute stock in a timely fashion manner.

2 Jobs Available
##### ITSM Manager

ITSM Manager is a professional responsible for heading the ITSM (Information Technology Service Management) or (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) processes. He or she ensures that operation management provides appropriate resource levels for problem resolutions. The ITSM Manager oversees the level of prioritisation for the problems, critical incidents, planned as well as proactive tasks.

3 Jobs Available
##### Information Security Manager

Individuals in the information security manager career path involves in overseeing and controlling all aspects of computer security. The IT security manager job description includes planning and carrying out security measures to protect the business data and information from corruption, theft, unauthorised access, and deliberate attack

3 Jobs Available
##### Computer Programmer

Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover include wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech enthusiasts. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word-processing applications and browsers.

3 Jobs Available
##### Product Manager

A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.

3 Jobs Available
##### IT Consultant

An IT Consultant is a professional who is also known as a technology consultant. He or she is required to provide consultation to industrial and commercial clients to resolve business and IT problems and acquire optimum growth. An IT consultant can find work by signing up with an IT consultancy firm, or he or she can work on their own as independent contractors and select the projects he or she wants to work on.

2 Jobs Available
##### Data Architect

A Data Architect role involves formulating the organisational data strategy. It involves data quality, flow of data within the organisation and security of data. The vision of Data Architect provides support to convert business requirements into technical requirements.

2 Jobs Available
##### Security Engineer

The Security Engineer is responsible for overseeing and controlling the various aspects of a company's computer security. Individuals in the security engineer jobs include developing and implementing policies and procedures to protect the data and information of the organisation. In this article, we will discuss the security engineer job description, security engineer skills, security engineer course, and security engineer career path.

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##### UX Architect

A UX Architect is someone who influences the design processes and its outcomes. He or she possesses a solid understanding of user research, information architecture, interaction design and content strategy.

2 Jobs Available