NCERT syllabus for class 11 Biology
Updated on Jun 27, 2019 - 12:18 p.m. IST by Dinesh Goyal

NCERT syllabus for class 11 Biology - Knowing the entire Biology syllabus is important for every Science stream Class 11th Student. Biology is the most scoring subject in board exams. It is also an important section of medical entrance exams like NEET and scholarship exams like KVPY. While preparing for these exams NCERT Class 11 Biology syllabus should also be referred. This syllabus is divided into 5 units and each unit comprises some chapters. NCERT syllabus for class 11 Biology is helpful to know the topics, chapters need to study, exam pattern, marking scheme. Knowing these all aids candidates to prepare strategically for the board exams.

CBSE class 11 Biology Syllabus also describes the important topics of the subject. One should analyze this NCERT CBSE 11th class Biology syllabus and make notes of the important and difficult topics and revise to keep it remember. Candidates should go through NCERT Syllabus to know the syllabus of other subjects. The links are given in this article below to download NCERT Syllabus for class 11 Biology in pdf files. Read further to get more details class 11th Biology CBSE Syllabus, important topics etc.

NCERT Class 11 Biology Syllabus - Important Points

  • It is devised by NCERT Separately for practical and theoretical examinations.

  • The entire syllabus is divided into 5 units which are further divided into chapters. The topic-wise syllabus for all the chapters explained in this article below.

  • Human Physiology and Plant Physiology are the most important topics of the NCERT Syllabus for class 11 Biology. Each of them contains the weightage of 17 marks in the CBSE exam.

  • NCERT Books are devised and published on the basis of this syllabus, which are followed by CBSE and other academic boards.

NCERT Syllabus for Class 11 Biology (Theory)

NCERT prescribed the syllabus for class 11 Biology which is explained unit-wise and topic-wise in the tables given below:

Unit-wise NCERT CBSE 11th class Biology syllabus

Unit no.

Unit Name




Diversity of Living Organisms

  • The Living World

  • Biological Classification

  • Plant Kingdom

  • Animal Kingdom



Structural Organisation in Plants and Animals

  • Morphology of Flowering Plants

  • Anatomy of Flowering Plants

  • Structural Organisation in Animals



Cell: Structure and Function

  • Cell-The Unit of Life

  • Biomolecules

  • Cell Cycle and Cell Division



Plant Physiology

  • Transport in Plants

  • Mineral Nutrition

  • Photosynthesis in Higher Plants

  • Respiration in Plants

  • Plant - Growth and Development



Human Physiology

  • Digestion and Absorption

  • Breathing and Exchange of Gases

  • Body Fluids and Circulation

  • Excretory Products and Their Elimination

  • Locomotion and Movement

  • Neural Control and Coordination

  • Chemical Coordination and Integration


NCERT syllabus for class 11 Biology (Important Topics)

Refer the table given below to know NCERT solution for class 11 Biology & important topics exam.

Chapter No.

Chapter name



The Living World

Biodiversity; Need for classification; taxonomy and systematics; binomial nomenclature; zoological parks, herbaria, botanical gardens, etc.


Biological Classification

Salient features and classification of Monera, Protista and Fungi, Five kingdom classification, etc.


Plant Kingdom

Gymnospermae and Angiospermae, Salient features and classification of plants, Angiosperms - classification up to class


Animal Kingdom

Salient features and classification of animals, non-chordates up to phyla level and chordates up to class level


Morphology of Flowering Plants

Morphology of different parts of flowering plants, Morphology and modifications


Anatomy of Flowering Plants

Anatomy and functions of different tissues and tissue systems.


Structural Organisation in Animals

Anatomy, functions and Morphology of different system, Animal Tissues


Cell-The Unit of Life

Cell theory, Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; Plant cell and animal cell; cell structure and function; endomembrane system, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, microbodies; cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles; nucleus.



Enzymes- types, properties, enzyme action. Chemical constituents of living cells: structure and function of proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, biomolecules, carbohydrates


Cell Cycle and Cell Division

Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance


Transport in Plants

Movement of water, cell to cell transport, diffusion, facilitated diffusion, plant-water relations, imbibition, osmosis, plasmolysis; Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation;

transpiration, opening and closing of stomata, etc


Mineral Nutrition

Essential minerals, macro- and micronutrients; deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity; nitrogen metabolism, nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation.


Photosynthesis in Higher Plants

Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition; site of photosynthesis; Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; cyclic and

non-cyclic photophosphorylation, factors affecting photosynthesis.


Respiration in Plants

Exchange of gases; cellular respiration - glycolysis, fermentation, TCA cycle and electron

transport system; energy relations, amphibolic

pathways; respiratory quotient.


Plant - Growth and Development

Seed germination; differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; sequence of developmental processes in a plant cell; growth Regulators, seed dormancy; vernalisation; photoperiodism.


Digestion and Absorption

Alimentary canal and digestive glands, digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; Peristalsis, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; egestion; nutritional and digestive disorders


Breathing and Exchange of Gases

Respiratory in animals and humans; mechanism of breathing, disorders related to respiration,


Body Fluids and Circulation

Blood groups, Composition of blood, coagulation of blood, human circulatory system, cardiac cycle and output, ECG, double circulation, disorders of the circulatory system


Excretory Products and Their Elimination

Modes of excretion; human excretory system; urine formation, osmoregulation; regulation of kidney function; role of other organs; disorders; dialysis and artificial kidney, kidney transplant.


Locomotion and Movement

Types of movement; skeletal muscle; skeletal system and its functions; disorders of muscular and skeletal system


Neural Control and Coordination

Neuron and nerves; peripheral and visceral nervous system; generation and conduction of nerve impulse; reflex action; sensory perception; sense organs; elementary structure and functions of eye and ear


Chemical Coordination and Integration

Endocrine glands and hormones; hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal, thyroid, adrenal, pancreas, gonads; mechanism of hormone action (elementary idea); hypo - and hyperactivity and related disorders; dwarfism,

acromegaly, goiter, diabetes, Addison's disease.

CBSE 11th Biology Marking scheme

Typology of questions

Number of questions


Very Short Answer type Questions (VSA)



Short Answer-I type Questions (SA-I)



Short Answer-II type Questions (SA-II)



Long Answer type Questions (LA)



Total Questions



Unit-wise Marking Scheme


CBSE Class 11 Biology syllabus - Prescribed Books

CBSE prescribes the NCERT Books for every subject. CBSE prescribed “Biology Class-XI, Published by NCERT” book to cover 11th class Biology syllabus. Apart from this, Candidates should also read other reference books to gain additional information which are listed below:

  • S. Chand's Biology for Class XI

  • Modern"s Abc Biology Class 11 Part 1 & 2

NCERT Syllabus for Class 11 Biology (Practical Examination)

CBSE also conducts a practical examination of 30 marks for the duration of 3 hours. NCERT devised CBSE class 11 Biology Syllabus for practical exams which is explained below:

Practical Evaluation Scheme


Marks assigned

One Major Experiment Part A (Experiment No- 1,3,7,8)


One Minor Experiment Part A (Experiment No- 6,9,10,11,12,13)


Slide Preparation Part A (Experiment No- 2,4,5)


Spotting Part B


Practical Record + Viva Voce


Project Record + Viva Voce




CBSE 11th biology -List of Experiments


Benefits of NCERT Syllabus for Class 11 Biology

  • It plays an important role to prepare for the annual and terminal examinations by providing the complete course structure.

  • It instructs students to prepare for their practical exam also which is an important section to gain good marks.

  • CBSE 11th Class Biology Syllabus and NCERT Books aid candidates to make a study plan and exam day strategy.

  • This syllabus is easily available to download online from the official website or students can download the same using the links given below.

Download NCERT Class 11 Biology syllabus

Apart from this syllabus, Candidates should also check the NCERT Class 11 syllabus of other subjects using the links given in the table below:

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