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NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 12 Mineral Nutrition

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 12 Mineral Nutrition

Edited By Irshad Anwar | Updated on Sep 07, 2023 01:08 PM IST

Mineral Nutrition NCERT Solutions PDF Download | Biology Class 11

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 12 Mineral Nutrition: According to the most recent revision of the CBSE Syllabus for 2023–24, Chapter Mineral Nutrition NCERT has been removed. The chapter Mineral Nutrition Class 11 mainly focuses on inorganic plant nutrition, wherein you will study different methods to identify elements essential to the growth and development of plants and the criteria for establishing their essentiality. The NCERT Solutions for Class 11 play a significant role in achieving success in board and competitive examinations. Class 11 Biology NCERT Solutions are very easy to understand and give students a solid foundation by making concepts clear and understandable. Solutions for NCERT Class 11 Biology Chapter 12 Mineral Nutrition contains solutions that comprise an explanation of all the questions that are based on micronutrients, macronutrients, and mineral nutrients given in the Mineral Nutrition NCERT of Biology Class 11. Academic experts and highly qualified faculty members who have investigated their respective fields of interest have created NCERT Solutions for Biology, which provide sufficient information for the questions. NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 12 Mineral Nutrition are a part of these solutions.

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter Mineral Nutrition introduces you briefly to the significance and mechanism of biological nitrogen fixation. Plants obtain their inorganic nutrients from the air, water, and soil. In CBSE NCERT Solutions Class 11 Biology Chapter 12 Mineral Nutrition, you will also get solutions based on essential elements and non-essential elements. Inside the Mineral Nutrition Class 11 NCERT PDF, you will learn that more than 105 elements are discovered and less than 21 are essential and beneficial for normal plant growth and development. If you are looking for an answer from any other chapter even from any other class then go with classwise NCERT Solutions, there you will get all the answers of NCERT Textbook easily.

Biology Class 11: In Mineral Nutrition NCERT, you will study that nitrogen is very essential for the sustenance of life. But some of the plants, in association with N2-fixing bacteria, especially the roots of legumes, can fix this atmospheric nitrogen into biologically usable forms. Given that in Class 11 Biology Chapter 12 NCERT Solutions, there is an enzyme called nitrogenase that plays an important role in biological N2 fixation and is very sensitive to oxygen. These are the important topics of Class 11 Biology Solutions, and you will get related questions in the Mineral Nutrition Class 11 NCERT PDF.

After going through the Mineral Nutrition Class 11 PDF, you must be able to understand all the answers to those questions that are given in Mineral Nutrition in 11th Biology:

NCERT Solutions For Class 11 Biology Mineral Nutrition - Download PDF

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NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 12 - Mineral Nutrition (Solved Exercise)

The Complete NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter Mineral Nutrition are given below:

Mineral Nutrition Class 11 NCERT Solutions

Q1. 'All elements that are present in a plant need not be essential to its survival'. Comment

Answer:

A plant tends to accumulate a variety of mineral elements. Out of these elements, not all of them are essential for the survival of plants. For example, the plants which grow near radioactive sites, accumulate radioactive elements, which are not essential for survival. Similarly, some plants can accumulate elements like gold, selenium etc. which are also not essential for the survival of the plant. Hence, the importance of any element to the survival of plant is dependent on its role in the physiology and metabolism of the plant. If an element does not have an important role to play in plant physiology, then it is not essential for survival, and if it has a role in plant physiology then it is essential for the survival. Thus, all elements that are present in a plant need not be essential to its survival.

Q2. Why is purification of water and nutrient salts so important in studies involving mineral nutrition using hydroponics?

Answer:

The technique of growing plants in soil-less conditions in solution cultures is called hydroponics. Hydroponic studies are used to identify the functions and roles of different mineral elements in the physiology of plants. While such studies, it is important to purify water and nutrient salts because if there are impurities in water and nutrient salts the exact physiological role and deficiency symptoms of elements could not be identified. Therefore, in studies involving mineral nutrition using hydroponics, purification of water and nutrient salts is essential so as to maintain an optimum growth of the plants.

Q3. Explain with examples:

(i) macronutrients,

Answer:

Macronutrients- These are the nutrients required by plants in large amounts. Macronutrients are mostly present in plant tissues in amounts more than 10 m moles/kg Of dry matter. Examples of macronutrients include hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen.

Q3. Explain with examples:

(ii) micronutrients,

Answer:

Micronutrients- These are also called trace elements and are present in plant bodies in very small amounts, i.e., amounts less than 10 m moles/kg of dry matter. Examples of micronutrients include cobalt, manganese, Zinc, etc.

Q3. Explain with examples:

(iii) beneficial nutrients,

Answer:

Beneficial nutrients: These are plant nutrients which are not essential, but are beneficial to the plants. NUtrients like sodium, silicon, cobalt and selenium are beneficial to higher plants.

Q3. Explain with examples:

(iv)toxic element

Answer:

Toxic elements: These are micronutrients that are required by plants in extremely small quantities. An excess of these nutrients may induce toxicity in plants. For example, if manganese is present in large amounts, it can induce deficiencies of iron, magnesium, and calcium by interfering with their metabolism.

Q3. Explain with examples:

(v)essential elements.

Answer:

Essential elements- The essential elements are absolutely necessary' for the growth and reproduction of the plants. The requirement Of these elements is specific and non-replaceable. Essential elements are further classified as macronutrients and micronutrients on the basis of size.

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 12 Mineral Nutrition

Q4. Name at least five different deficiency symptoms in plants. Describe them and correlate them with the concerned mineral deficiency.

Answer:

Deficiency symptoms- In the absence of any particular element, the plant shows certain morphological changes. These morphological changes are called deficiency symptoms. Five different deficiency symptoms in plants are as follows:

1. Chlorosis- It refers to the loss of chlorophyll causing yellowing of the leaves. This symptom is visible during the deficiency of N, K, Mg, S, Fe, MN, Zn, Mo etc.

2. Necrosis- The term necrosis signifies the death of tissues. Necrosis is seen during the deficiency of Ca, Mg, Cu, K etc.

3. Exanthema- It refers to splitting if skin and exudation of gummy matter. Exanthema is seen due to the deficiency of Cu.

4. Delayed flowering- The flowering is delayed due to the deficiencies of lnitrogen, sulphur, and molybdenum.

5. Stunted plant growth- This deficiency symptom caused a decrease in the growth of the stem. Stunted plant growth is a result of the deficiencies of copper and sulphur.

Q5. If a plant shows a symptom which could develop due to deficiency of more than one nutrient, how would you find out experimentally, the real deficient mineral element?

Answer:

In plants, the deficiency of a nutrient can cause multiple symptoms. Similarly, deficiency of one nutrient may cause the same symptom as that caused by the deficiency of some other nutrients. For example, the deficiency of nitrogen can cause chlorosis as well as delayed flowering. Similarly, necrosis can be caused by the deficiency of several nutrients like calcium, magnesium, copper, potassium etc. If a plant shows a symptom which could develop due to deficiency of more than one nutrient then to find out experimentally, the real deficient mineral element, we have to first prepare the dilute solutions of all the possible deficient nutrients. A number of plants will be grown in small pots using the nutrient deficient soil. Dilute solutions of different nutrients will be added in different pots. In one set the growth of plants will become normal. The nutrient supplied to these plants had been deficient.

Class 11 Biology Chapter 12 Question Answer:

Q6. Why is that in certain plants deficiency symptoms appear first in younger parts of the plant while in others they do so in mature organs?

Answer:

Deficiency symptom refers to the morphological changes in plants that indicate a deficiency of the particular nutrient. The occurrence of deficiency symptoms in plant parts depends on the mobility of the deficient element in the plant. For example, elements such as nitrogen, potassium, and magnesium are highly mobile. These elements can move from the mature organs to the younger parts of a plant. Therefore, the symptoms for the deficiencies of these elements first appear in the older parts of the plant. Similarly, elements like calcium and sulphur are relatively immobile and are not transported out of the older parts of a plant. Therefore, the symptoms for the deficiencies of these elements first appear in the younger parts of the plant. Hence, certain plant deficiency symptoms appear first in younger parts of the plant while in others they do so in mature organs.

Q7. How are the minerals absorbed by the plants?

Answer:

Process of mineral absorption by plants

Minerals are absorbed by cells of the root apex, zone of elongation and root hairs. The minerals absorbed by root hair zone are meant for passage to shoot while the ones absorbed by root apex and zone of elongation remain in the root. The process of mineral absorption is an active process. It occurs in two phases i.e. initial phase and metabolic phase. The initial phase is a passive process wherein ions absorbed from the outside pass in outer or free space of the cells. It comprises intercellular spaces and cell walls i.e. apoplast. The metabolic phase is an active process wherein ions enter the cytoplasm and cell vacuoles i.e symplast. The movement of ion is called flux. The inward movement is called influx and outward movement is called efflux.

NCERT Solutions For Class 11 Biology Mineral Nutrition

Q8. What are the conditions necessary for fixation of atmospheric nitrogen by Rhizobium? What is their role in N_{2}-fixation \; ?

Answer:

The conditions necessary for fixation of atmospheric nitrogen by Rhizobium and their roles in nitrogen fixation are as follows:

1. Reducing environment- A reducing environment is necessary for the action of enzyme nitrogenase which is sensitive to free oxygen.

2. Presence of nitrogenase enzyme- a Mo-Fe protein — that helps in the conversion of atmospheric free nitrogen into ammonia.

3. Presence of leghaemoglobin- The root nodules containing Rhizobium contains leg-haemoglobin, which protects nitrogenase from oxygen.

4. Source of energy as ATP- Nitrogen fixation is energy requiring process thus ATP is required.

5. Source of reducing power NAD(P), H2 or FMNH2-

6. Ferredoxin as the electron donor- Ferredoxin makes nitrogen reactive.

7. Magnesium ions as cofactors- Magnesium act as a cofactor and helps in the activity of nitrogenase.

Q9. What are the steps involved in formation of a root nodule?

Answer:

Formation of root nodules - The process of nodule formation involves a sequence of interaction between root and Rhizobium which occurs in the following manner:

The Rhizobia present around the roots multiply and increase in number. These Rhizobia attach themselves with the epidermis of the roots. The root hairs curls and bacteria invade it. An infection thread is formed that carries the bacteria into the cortex of root. Nodule formation starts in the cortex of root. Then, the bacteria are released from thread to cells which leads to the formation of specialized nitrogen-fixing cells. The nitrogen-fixing cells by repeated divisions increase in number and form nodules. The nodules establish a direct vascular connection with the host for the exchange of nutrients. These nodules contain all necessary biochemical components like enzyme nitrogenase and leg-haemoglobin. Due to the presence of leghaemoglobin, nodules are pinkish in colour.

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Mineral Nutrition Class 11 Solutions

Q10. Which of the following statements are true? If false, correct them:

(a) Boron deficiency leads to stout axis.

(b) Every mineral element that is present in a cell is needed by the cell.

(c) Nitrogen as a nutrient element, is highly immobile in the plants.

(d) It is very easy to establish the essentiality of micronutrients because they are required only in trace quantities.

Answer:

(a) Boron deficiency leads to stout axis.

True statement

(b) Every mineral element that is present in a cell is needed by the cell.

False statement. Only essential mineral elements are needed by the cells.

(c) Nitrogen as a nutrient element is highly immobile in the plants.

False statement. Nitrogen is highly mobile nutrient.

(d) It is very easy to establish the essentiality of micronutrients because they are required only in trace quantities.

True statement.

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 12 – Mineral Nutrition

Unit 4 - Plant Physiology is where NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 12 - Mineral Nutrition is located. Many questions from Bio Class 11 Chapter 12 will likely be included in the exam, so students should be prepared. According to historical patterns, the unit on Plant Physiology makes up about 25% of the final grade, or 18 marks. Mineral Nutrition NCERT PDF will also help you prepare for other competitive exams like NEET along with your school exams. The role of essential elements, their primary signs of deficiency, and the mechanism of their absorption are all covered in Class 11 Biology Chapter 12 NCERT Solutions.

Important Topics of NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 12 Mineral Nutrition

Important topics and subtopics of Mineral Nutrition Class 11 NCERT Solutions are given below:

12.1 Methods to Study the Mineral Requirements of Plants

12.2.1 Criteria for Essentiality

12.2.2 Role of Macro- and Micro-nutrients

12.2.3 Deficiency Symptoms of Essential Elements

12.2.4 Toxicity of Micronutrients

12.2 Essential Mineral Elements

12.3 Mechanism of Absorption of Elements

12.4 Translocation of Solutes

12.5 Soil as Reservoir of Essential Elements

12.6 Metabolism of Nitrogen

12.6.1 Nitrogen Cycle

12.6.2 Biological Nitrogen Fixation

Highlights of NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 12 – Mineral Nutrition

The key features of Class 11 Biology Chapter 12 PDF are listed below:

  • The Mineral Nutrition Class 11 NCERT Solutions are simple to understand.
  • Class 11 Biology Chapter 12 PDF are readily available for free download.
  • Class 11 Biology Chapter 12 Question Answer are explained in full with relevant examples to support each step of the process.
  • Appropriate diagrams are used wherever required in Mineral Nutrition Class 11 Solutions.
  • Tables are used in to help people understand and remember concepts in NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 12 Mineral Nutrition
  • Pointers are used in Class 11 Biology Chapter 12 NCERT Solutions to organise solutions into the most effective pattern and list important keywords

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology: Chapter-wise

NCERT Solutions for Class 11: Subject-wise

Check the NCERT Books and NCERT Syllabus here:

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. What are the benefits of mineral nutrition class 11 ncert pdf?
  • NCERT is the base of your learning.  
  • mineral nutrition class 11 pdf will also help you with competitive exams like NEET.  
  • You will get all the answers to the mineral nutrition NCERT and the mineral nutrition ncert pdf will help you to score good marks in the exam.  
  • NCERT solutions for class 11 biology chapter mineral nutrition will also help you in your 12th board exam.  
  • Mineral nutrition in plants NCERT pdf will also boost your knowledge. 
  • To score well in the examination, follow the NCERT syllabus and solve the exercise given in the NCERT Book. To practice more problems, students must refer to NCERT Exemplar.
2. What are the important topics of mineral nutrition class 11?


  • Methods to Study the Mineral Requirements of Plants  
  • Criteria for Essentiality  
  • Role of Macro- and Micro-nutrients  
  • Deficiency Symptoms of Essential Elements  
  • Toxicity of Micronutrients  
  • Essential Mineral Elements  
  • Mechanism of Absorption of Elements  
  • Translocation of Solutes  
  • Soil as a Reservoir of Essential Elements  
  • Metabolism of Nitrogen  
3. What does the term 'Necrosis' signifies?

The term necrosis signifies the death of tissues. Necrosis is seen during the deficiency of Ca, Mg, Cu, K etc.

4. What are micronutrients?

These are also called trace elements and are present in plant bodies in very small amounts, i.e., amounts less than 10 m moles/kg of dry matter. Examples of micronutrients include cobalt, manganese, etc. 

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