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    Integrals 12th Notes - Free NCERT Class 12 Maths Chapter 7 Notes - Download PDF

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    Integrals 12th Notes - Free NCERT Class 12 Maths Chapter 7 Notes - Download PDF

    Edited By Ramraj Saini | Updated on Sep 13, 2022 10:59 AM IST

    Integrals belong to the 7 chapter of NCERT. The NCERT Class 12 Maths Chapter 7 notes entirely cover up the main portions of the chapter integrals. Class 12 Maths chapter 7 notes are predominantly focused on the important formulas and their needed derivations. A Class 12 Maths chapter 7 notes enable you to find the entire chapter in an easy way. Notes for Class 12 Maths chapter 7 is made by following the sequence of the chapter starting from the indefinite integrals to definite integrals. NCERT Notes for Class 12 Maths chapter 7 not only covers the NCERT notes but covers CBSE Class 12 Maths chapter 7 notes also.

    After going through Class 12 integrals notes students can also refer to,

    Also Read :

    Adding or summing up the small parts to find the whole sum of the function, is the basic meaning of integral calculus.

    Indefinite integral and definite integral are the two types of integrals that are found in integral calculus.

    Indefinite Integral

    Thus the formula that gives this anti-derivative is called indefinite integral.

    Integration as an Inverse Process of Differentiation

    Integration is defined as the inverse of differentiation. Here we are given a function and asked to find it is primitive (the original function). Such a process is called anti-derivative or indefinite integral.

    Let us see an example:-

    We know that

    \frac{d}{dx}(sinx+c)=cosx

    Or

    \int cosx \ dx =sinx+c

    Here the actual function is “sinx +c” using indefinite integral we found the actual equation from the derived one.

    Thus we came to know that the integration of some functions is written as

    \int f(x) \ dx =F(x)+c

    Here f(x) is “integrand”, f(x)dx is “element of integration” , x is “variable of integration” and “c” is the integration constant.

    Some of the formulas are listed below which will help us to solve the problems.

    \\ \int x^ndx=\frac{x^{n+1}}{n+1}+c, (n\neq -1)\\ \int dx=x+c \\ \int cos x dx=sin x+c \\ \int sin x dx=-cos x+c \\ \int sec^2x dx=tan x+c \\ \int cosec^2x dx= -cot x+c\\ \int sec x tan x=sec x+c\\ \int cosec x cot x= -cosec x+c\\ \int \frac{dx}{\sqrt{1-x^2}}=sin^{-1}x+c\\ \int \frac{dx}{\sqrt{1-x^2}}=-cos^{-1}x+c\\ \int \frac{dx}{1+x^2}= tan^{-1}x+c\\ \int \frac{dx}{1+x^2}= -cot^{-1}x+c\\ \int \frac{dx}{x\sqrt{x^2-1}}= sec^{-1}x+c\\ \int \frac{dx}{x\sqrt{x^2-1}}= -cosec^{-1}+c\\ \int e^xdx=e^x+c\\ \int \frac{1}{x}dx=log |x|+c\\ \int a^xdx= \frac{a^x}{log a} +c\\

    Geometrical Interpretation of Indefinite Integral

    Let us assume that y=f(x) be a curve such that f'(x)= 2x \Rightarrow f(x)= x^2+c

    1645082112385

    Now if we give values like 4, 3, 2, 1, 0, -1, -2, -3 to arbitrary constant c then the equation will give y= x^2+4, x^2+3, x^2+2, x^2+1, x^2, x^2-1, x^2-2, x^2-3

    having loci as a parabola.

    Thus the equation \int f(x)dx=F(x)+c=y represents a family of curves.

    Some properties of indefinite integral

    Here we shall derive some properties of indefinite integrals.

    (I) The process of integration and differentiation are inverses of each other in the sense of the following results:

    \frac{d}{dx} \int f(x)dx=f(x)

    And

    \int f'(x)dx=f(x)+c

    where c is the arbitrary constant.

    (II) Two indefinite integrals with the equal derivative lead to the same family of curves thus they are equivalent.

    \\ \ \frac{d}{dx} \int f(x)dx= \frac{d}{dx} \int g(x)dx\\ \\ (III) \ \int [f(x)+g(x)]dx= \int f(x)dx+\int g(x)dx \\ \\ (IV) \ \text{For any real number k},\ \ \int kf(x)dx= k \int f(x)dx

    (V) Using property (III) and (IV) can be generalised to a finite number of functions f1, f2, f3, …, fn and the real numbers k1, k2, k3, …, kn gives

    \int [k_1f_1(x) + k_2f_2(x)+\ . \ . \ . k_nf_n(x)] dx \\ = \int k_1f_1(x) dx + \int k_2f_2(x) dx+\ . \ . \ .\ \int k_nf_n(x) dx

    Example

    Find the anti-derivative (integral) of \frac{1}{x} , \ \ x\neq 0

    Solution:

    \\ \text{We know that}\ \frac{d}{dx}(log x)=\frac{1}{x} , x > 0 \\ and \ \frac{d}{dx}(log (-x))=\frac{1}{-x}(-1)=\frac{1}{x}, x<0 \\ \text{Thus combining the above }\ \frac{d}{dx}log x = \frac{1}{x} , x \neq 0 \\ \text{Therefore}\ \frac{1}{x}dx=log |x| +c\

    Methods of Integration

    We have many ways of solving integration. Mostly we solve by using

    1. Integration by substitution

    2. Integration by Partial Fraction

    3. Integration by Parts

    Integration by Substitution

    The given integral \int f(x)dx can be transferred into another form by changing the independent variable x to t by substituting x = g (t).

    Let us assume that

    I=\int f(x)dx

    Substitute

    x=g(t) , so that dx/dt=g'(t)

    Then we write dx=g’(t) dt

    Thus \ \ I =\int f(x)dx= \int f(g(t))g'(t) dt

    Example: Integrate w.r.t x, sin mx

    Solution:

    We know that by differentiating mx we get m. Thus we can substitute mx=t so that mdx =dt

    Thus \ \int sin(mx) dx= \int \frac{1}{m}sin(t) dt= -\frac{1}{m}cos t+c= -\frac{1}{m}cos mx+c

    Integration by Trigonometric Identities

    The identities are used to find the integral when integration involves some trigonometric functions.

    Example: Find \ \int cos^2x dx

    Solution: We know that cos^2x= \frac{1+cos 2x}{ 2}

    Using this we get that cos^2 x dx=\frac{1}{2}(1+cos 2x) dx= \frac{1}{2}[dx+cos 2x dx]= \frac{x}{2} +\frac{1}{4}sin 2x+c

    Integrals of Some Particular Function

    Some of the formulas are listed below

    \\ \int \frac{dx}{x^2-a^2}dx = \frac{1}{2a}log \frac{|x-a|}{|x+a|}+c \\ \\ \int \frac{dx}{a^2-x^2} = \frac{1}{2a}log \frac{|a+x|}{|a-x|}+c \\ \\ \int \frac{dx}{x^2+a^2}= \frac{1}{a}tan^{-1}\frac{x}{a}+c \\ \\ \int \frac{dx}{\sqrt{x^2-a^2}}=log | x+\sqrt{x^2-a^2} |+c \\ \int \frac{dx}{\sqrt{x^2+a^2}}=log | x+\sqrt{x^2+a^2}|+c \\ \int \frac{dx}{\sqrt{a^2-x^2}}=sin^{-1}\frac{x}{a}+c \\

    \\ \text{Let us see an example}\\ \int \frac{dx}{(4+9x^2)}dx\\ =\int \frac{ dx}{9(\frac{4}{9}+x2)}\\ \text{Now using special formula}\\ \int \frac{dx}{x^2+a^2}= \frac{1}{a}tan^{-1}\frac{x}{a}+c\\ =\frac{1}{9} \int \frac{dx}{x^2+(\frac{2}{3})^2}\\ \\ =\frac{1}{9}\frac{1}{2/3} tan^{-1}\frac{3x}{2}+c \\ \\ =\frac{1}{6}tan^{-1} \frac{3x}{2}+c

    Integration by Partial Fraction

    The integration of rational function can be solved by using partial fraction.

    S. No
    Form of a rational function
    formation of partial function
    1
    \frac{px+q}{(x-a)(x-b)}, \ a\neq b
    \frac{A}{x-a}+\frac{B}{x-b}
    2
    \frac{px+q}{(x-a)^2}
    \frac{A}{x-a}+\frac{B}{(x-a)^2}
    3
    \frac{px^2+qx+r}{(x-a)(x-b)(x-c)}
    \frac{A}{x-a}+\frac{B}{x-b}+\frac{C}{x-c}
    4
    \frac{px^2+qx+r}{(x-a)^2(x-b)}
    \frac{A}{x-a}+\frac{B}{(x-a)^2}+\frac{C}{x-b}
    5
    \frac{px^2+qx+r}{(x-a)(x^2+bx+c)}
    \frac{A}{x-a}+\frac{Bx+c}{x^2+bx+c}
    6

    Where \ \ x^2+bx+c \ \ \ \text{cannot be factorised further}


    \text{Let us see the following example}\\ \int \frac{x^2}{x^2+x+6}dx\\ =\int (1-\frac{x-6}{x^2+x+6}dx\\ =\int dx-\int \frac{x-6}{x2+x+6}dx\\ =x-\frac{9}{5}\int \frac{dx}{x+3}+\frac{4}{5}\int \frac{dx}{x-2}\\ =x-\frac{9}{5}ln|x+3| +\frac{4}{5}ln |x-2| +c

    Integration by Parts

    ILATE rule needs to be followed while doing integration by parts. According to ILATE rule, we can determine which function will be the 1st function and which will be the 2nd function.

    ILATE

    I → Inverse function

    L → Logarithmic function

    A → Algebraic function

    T → Trigonometric function

    E → Exponential function

    From the above rule, as an example, we can say that there are two functions like trigonometric function and logarithmic function. The logarithmic function will be treated as the first function and the trigonometric function will be treated as the second function.

    The general expression follows as

    \int f(x)g(x)dx=f(x)\int g(x)dx-\int \left [ { \left \{ \int g(x)dx \right \}} \frac{d}{dx}{f(x)} \right ] dx

    “The integral of the product of two functions = (1st function) × (integral of the 2nd function) – Integral of [(differential coefficient of the 1st function) × (integral of the 2nd function)]”

    Example:

    \\ Solve \ \int ln x dx \\ Solution:\\ \int ln x .1 dx \\ \Rightarrow ln x \int 1 dx- \int [(\int 1dx)\frac{d}{dx}(lnx)]dx\\ \Rightarrow xln x- \int x.\frac{1}{x}dx\\ \Rightarrow xln x-x+c

    Integration of special types function

    The formulas are listed below

    \\ \int \sqrt{x^2+a^2} \ dx= \frac{1}{2}\ x \ \sqrt{x^2+a^2} +\frac{a^2}{2}log |x+\sqrt{x^2+a^2}| +c \\ \\ \int \sqrt{x^2-a^2} \ dx= \frac{1}{2}\ x \ \sqrt{x^2-a^2} +\frac{a^2}{2}sin^{-1} \ \frac{x}{a} +c

    Definite Integral

    In indefinite, we saw that the result of the integration was not a unique value. But here indefinite integral we will find a unique value and it is well defined in a limited boundary. Generally, definite integral is denoted by

    \int_{a}^{b}f(x)dx

    Her “a” is the lower limit and “b” is the upper limit of the integral. The value of the definite integral is computed by F(b) - F(a).

    Basically in Definite integral consist of two cases as discussed below:

    Definite Integral as a Limit of the Sum

    If the definite integral\int_{a}^{b}f(x)dx

    is the area bounded by the curve y = f(x), the ordinates x = a, x = b and the x-axis. To evaluate this area, consider the region PRSQP between this curve, x-axis, and the ordinates x = a and x =b

    1645082112127

    From the figure, we find the general equation of definite integral as a limit of sum

    \int _{a}^{b}f(x)dx=h[f(a)+ f(a+h)+\ . \ . \ . + f(a+(n-1)h]\\ \Rightarrow \int_{a}^{b}f(x)dx=\frac{(b-a)}{n}[f(a)+ f(a+h)+.\ . \ .+ f(a+(n-1)h]\\ Where\ h=\frac{b-a}{n}\rightarrow 0 \ as \ n \rightarrow \infty

    Some Properties of Definite Integral

    \\ P_0: \int_{a}^{b}f(x)dx= \int _{a}^{b}f(t)dt\\ \\ P_1 : \int _{a}^{b}f(x)dx= -\int _{b}^{a}f(x)dx \ ; in\ particular, \int_{a}^{a}f(x)dx =0\\ \\ P_2: \int_{a}^{b}f(x)dx= \int_{a}^{c}f(x)dx + \int_{c}^{b}f(x)dx\\ \\ P_3: \int_{a}^{c}f(x)dx= \int_{a}^{c}f(a+b-x)dx \\ \\ P_4 : \int_{0}^{b}f(x)dx= \int_{0}^{b}f(b-x)dx\\ \\

    \\ P_5 : \int_{0}^{2b}f(x)dx= \int_{0}^{b}f(x)dx+ \int _{0}^{b}f(2b-x)dx\\ \\ P_6 : \int _{0}^{2b}f(x)dx= 2\int_{0}^{b}f(x)dx \ \ if \ \ f(2b-x)=f(x) \\ and\ \ \int _{0}^{2b}f(x)dx =0 \ \ \ if \ \ \ \ f(2b-x)=-f(x)\\ \\

    \\ P_7 : (i) \int_{-a}^{a} f(x)dx=2 \int _{0}^{a}f(x)dx ,\ \text{if f is even function, i.e., if f(-x)=f(x)} \\ (ii) \int _{-a}^{a}f(x)dx=0 ,\text{ if f is odd function, i.e., f(-x)=-f(x)}

    Let us see an example

    \\ \int _{0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}}\frac{\sqrt{sinx}}{\sqrt{sinx}+\sqrt{cosx}}dx\\ \\ Let \ \int _{0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}}\frac{\sqrt{sinx}}{\sqrt{sinx}+\sqrt{cosx}}dx=I--------1\\ \\

    \\ I=\int _{0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}}\frac{\sqrt{sin (\frac{\pi}{2}-x)}}{\sqrt{sin(\frac{\pi}{2}-x)}+\sqrt{cos(\frac{\pi}{2}-x)}}dx \\ \\ I=\int _{0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}}\frac{\sqrt{cosx}}{\sqrt{sinx}+\sqrt{cosx}}dx----------2\\ \\

    \\ \text{Now 1+2}\\ \int _{0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}}\frac{\sqrt{sinx}}{\sqrt{sinx}+\sqrt{cosx}}dx+\int _{0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}}\frac{\sqrt{cosx}}{\sqrt{sinx}+\sqrt{cosx}}dx =2I \\ \\ 2I=\int_{0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}} dx \\ \\ I=\frac{\pi}{4}

    This brings us to the end of the chapter.

    Significance of NCERT Class 12 Maths Chapter 7 Notes

    Class 12 integrals notes will be really helpful to revise the chapter and get a brief overview of the important topics. Also, Class 12 Math Chapter 7 Notes is useful for covering Class 12 CBSE syllabuses and also for competitive exams like BITSAT, JEE MAINS. Class 12 Math chapter 7 notes pdf download can be used for preparing in offline mode.

    integrals Class 12 notes pdf download: link

    NCERT Class 12 Notes Chapter Wise.


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    Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

    1. Define integration?

    The integration is the process of finding the anti-derivative function. Integration is defined as the reverse process of differentiation.

    2. What are the uses of integration?

    In, NCERT Class 12 Maths chapter 7, integration is used to find the area, volumes, and central values of many things.

    3. Define the fundamental theorem of calculus?

    The fundamental theorem of calculus connects the concept of differentiation and integration of a function.

    4. Write the different types of integrals in Maths.

    There are two types of Integration. They are definite integral and indefinite integral.

    5. What textbook should be followed?

    Class 12 math chapter 7 textbook should be followed by Class 12 Maths chapter 7 notes pdf download

    6. From where we can download this notes>

    The notes can be downloaded from integrals Class 12 notes pdf download.

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    Option 1)

    0.34\; J

    Option 2)

    0.16\; J

    Option 3)

    1.00\; J

    Option 4)

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    Option 1)

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    Option 2)

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    Option 3)

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    Option 4)

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    Option 1)

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    Option 2)

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    Option 4)

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    Option 1)

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    An expert in plumbing is aware of building regulations and safety standards and works to make sure these standards are upheld. Testing pipes for leakage using air pressure and other gauges, and also the ability to construct new pipe systems by cutting, fitting, measuring and threading pipes are some of the other more involved aspects of plumbing. Individuals in the plumber career path are self-employed or work for a small business employing less than ten people, though some might find working for larger entities or the government more desirable.

    2 Jobs Available
    Urban Planner

    Urban Planning careers revolve around the idea of developing a plan to use the land optimally, without affecting the environment. Urban planning jobs are offered to those candidates who are skilled in making the right use of land to distribute the growing population, to create various communities. 

    Urban planning careers come with the opportunity to make changes to the existing cities and towns. They identify various community needs and make short and long-term plans accordingly.

    2 Jobs Available
    Construction Manager

    Individuals who opt for a career as construction managers have a senior-level management role offered in construction firms. Responsibilities in the construction management career path are assigning tasks to workers, inspecting their work, and coordinating with other professionals including architects, subcontractors, and building services engineers.

    2 Jobs Available
    Environmental Engineer

    Individuals who opt for a career as an environmental engineer are construction professionals who utilise the skills and knowledge of biology, soil science, chemistry and the concept of engineering to design and develop projects that serve as solutions to various environmental problems. 

    2 Jobs Available
    Orthotist and Prosthetist

    Orthotists and Prosthetists are professionals who provide aid to patients with disabilities. They fix them to artificial limbs (prosthetics) and help them to regain stability. There are times when people lose their limbs in an accident. In some other occasions, they are born without a limb or orthopaedic impairment. Orthotists and prosthetists play a crucial role in their lives with fixing them to assistive devices and provide mobility.

    6 Jobs Available
    Veterinary Doctor

    A veterinary doctor is a medical professional with a degree in veterinary science. The veterinary science qualification is the minimum requirement to become a veterinary doctor. There are numerous veterinary science courses offered by various institutes. He or she is employed at zoos to ensure they are provided with good health facilities and medical care to improve their life expectancy.

    5 Jobs Available
    Pathologist

    A career in pathology in India is filled with several responsibilities as it is a medical branch and affects human lives. The demand for pathologists has been increasing over the past few years as people are getting more aware of different diseases. Not only that, but an increase in population and lifestyle changes have also contributed to the increase in a pathologist’s demand. The pathology careers provide an extremely huge number of opportunities and if you want to be a part of the medical field you can consider being a pathologist. If you want to know more about a career in pathology in India then continue reading this article.

    5 Jobs Available
    Speech Therapist
    4 Jobs Available
    Gynaecologist

    Gynaecology can be defined as the study of the female body. The job outlook for gynaecology is excellent since there is evergreen demand for one because of their responsibility of dealing with not only women’s health but also fertility and pregnancy issues. Although most women prefer to have a women obstetrician gynaecologist as their doctor, men also explore a career as a gynaecologist and there are ample amounts of male doctors in the field who are gynaecologists and aid women during delivery and childbirth. 

    4 Jobs Available
    Oncologist

    An oncologist is a specialised doctor responsible for providing medical care to patients diagnosed with cancer. He or she uses several therapies to control the cancer and its effect on the human body such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and biopsy. An oncologist designs a treatment plan based on a pathology report after diagnosing the type of cancer and where it is spreading inside the body.

    3 Jobs Available
    Audiologist

    The audiologist career involves audiology professionals who are responsible to treat hearing loss and proactively preventing the relevant damage. Individuals who opt for a career as an audiologist use various testing strategies with the aim to determine if someone has a normal sensitivity to sounds or not. After the identification of hearing loss, a hearing doctor is required to determine which sections of the hearing are affected, to what extent they are affected, and where the wound causing the hearing loss is found. As soon as the hearing loss is identified, the patients are provided with recommendations for interventions and rehabilitation such as hearing aids, cochlear implants, and appropriate medical referrals. While audiology is a branch of science that studies and researches hearing, balance, and related disorders.

    3 Jobs Available
    Cardiothoracic Surgeon

    Cardiothoracic surgeons are an important part of the surgical team. They usually work in hospitals, and perform emergency as well as scheduled operations. Some of the cardiothoracic surgeons also work in teaching hospitals working as teachers and guides for medical students aspiring to become a cardiothoracic surgeon. A career as a cardiothoracic surgeon involves treating and managing various types of conditions within their speciality that includes their presence at different locations such as outpatient clinics, team meetings, and ward rounds. 

    2 Jobs Available
    Actor

    For an individual who opts for a career as an actor, the primary responsibility is to completely speak to the character he or she is playing and to persuade the crowd that the character is genuine by connecting with them and bringing them into the story. This applies to significant roles and littler parts, as all roles join to make an effective creation. Here in this article, we will discuss how to become an actor in India, actor exams, actor salary in India, and actor jobs. 

    4 Jobs Available
    Acrobat

    Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

    3 Jobs Available
    Video Game Designer

    Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages.

    Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

    3 Jobs Available
    Talent Agent

    The career as a Talent Agent is filled with responsibilities. A Talent Agent is someone who is involved in the pre-production process of the film. It is a very busy job for a Talent Agent but as and when an individual gains experience and progresses in the career he or she can have people assisting him or her in work. Depending on one’s responsibilities, number of clients and experience he or she may also have to lead a team and work with juniors under him or her in a talent agency. In order to know more about the job of a talent agent continue reading the article.

    If you want to know more about talent agent meaning, how to become a Talent Agent, or Talent Agent job description then continue reading this article.

    3 Jobs Available
    Radio Jockey

    Radio Jockey is an exciting, promising career and a great challenge for music lovers. If you are really interested in a career as radio jockey, then it is very important for an RJ to have an automatic, fun, and friendly personality. If you want to get a job done in this field, a strong command of the language and a good voice are always good things. Apart from this, in order to be a good radio jockey, you will also listen to good radio jockeys so that you can understand their style and later make your own by practicing.

    A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.

    3 Jobs Available
    Producer

    An individual who is pursuing a career as a producer is responsible for managing the business aspects of production. They are involved in each aspect of production from its inception to deception. Famous movie producers review the script, recommend changes and visualise the story. 

    They are responsible for overseeing the finance involved in the project and distributing the film for broadcasting on various platforms. A career as a producer is quite fulfilling as well as exhaustive in terms of playing different roles in order for a production to be successful. Famous movie producers are responsible for hiring creative and technical personnel on contract basis.

    2 Jobs Available
    Fashion Blogger

    Fashion bloggers use multiple social media platforms to recommend or share ideas related to fashion. A fashion blogger is a person who writes about fashion, publishes pictures of outfits, jewellery, accessories. Fashion blogger works as a model, journalist, and a stylist in the fashion industry. In current fashion times, these bloggers have crossed into becoming a star in fashion magazines, commercials, or campaigns. 

    2 Jobs Available
    Photographer

    Photography is considered both a science and an art, an artistic means of expression in which the camera replaces the pen. In a career as a photographer, an individual is hired to capture the moments of public and private events, such as press conferences or weddings, or may also work inside a studio, where people go to get their picture clicked. Photography is divided into many streams each generating numerous career opportunities in photography. With the boom in advertising, media, and the fashion industry, photography has emerged as a lucrative and thrilling career option for many Indian youths.

    2 Jobs Available
    Copy Writer

    In a career as a copywriter, one has to consult with the client and understand the brief well. A career as a copywriter has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. Several new mediums of advertising are opening therefore making it a lucrative career choice. Students can pursue various copywriter courses such as Journalism, Advertising, Marketing Management. Here, we have discussed how to become a freelance copywriter, copywriter career path, how to become a copywriter in India, and copywriting career outlook. 

    5 Jobs Available
    Journalist

    Careers in journalism are filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. As it is the small details that provide insights into a story. Depending on those insights a journalist goes about writing a news article. A journalism career can be stressful at times but if you are someone who is passionate about it then it is the right choice for you. If you want to know more about the media field and journalist career then continue reading this article.

    3 Jobs Available
    Publisher

    For publishing books, newspapers, magazines and digital material, editorial and commercial strategies are set by publishers. Individuals in publishing career paths make choices about the markets their businesses will reach and the type of content that their audience will be served. Individuals in book publisher careers collaborate with editorial staff, designers, authors, and freelance contributors who develop and manage the creation of content.

    3 Jobs Available
    Vlogger

    In a career as a vlogger, one generally works for himself or herself. However, once an individual has gained viewership there are several brands and companies that approach them for paid collaboration. It is one of those fields where an individual can earn well while following his or her passion. 

    Ever since internet costs got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, a career as a vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the Vlogger eligibility, roles and responsibilities then continue reading the article. 

    3 Jobs Available
    Editor

    Individuals in the editor career path is an unsung hero of the news industry who polishes the language of the news stories provided by stringers, reporters, copywriters and content writers and also news agencies. Individuals who opt for a career as an editor make it more persuasive, concise and clear for readers. In this article, we will discuss the details of the editor's career path such as how to become an editor in India, editor salary in India and editor skills and qualities.

    3 Jobs Available
    Content Writer

    Content writing is meant to speak directly with a particular audience, such as customers, potential customers, investors, employees, or other stakeholders. The main aim of professional content writers is to speak to their targeted audience and if it is not then it is not doing its job. There are numerous kinds of the content present on the website and each is different based on the service or the product it is used for.

    2 Jobs Available
    Reporter

    Individuals who opt for a career as a reporter may often be at work on national holidays and festivities. He or she pitches various story ideas and covers news stories in risky situations. Students can pursue a BMC (Bachelor of Mass Communication), B.M.M. (Bachelor of Mass Media), or MAJMC (MA in Journalism and Mass Communication) to become a reporter. While we sit at home reporters travel to locations to collect information that carries a news value.  

    2 Jobs Available
    Linguist

    Linguistic meaning is related to language or Linguistics which is the study of languages. A career as a linguistic meaning, a profession that is based on the scientific study of language, and it's a very broad field with many specialities. Famous linguists work in academia, researching and teaching different areas of language, such as phonetics (sounds), syntax (word order) and semantics (meaning). 

    Other researchers focus on specialities like computational linguistics, which seeks to better match human and computer language capacities, or applied linguistics, which is concerned with improving language education. Still, others work as language experts for the government, advertising companies, dictionary publishers and various other private enterprises. Some might work from home as freelance linguists. Philologist, phonologist, and dialectician are some of Linguist synonym. Linguists can study French, German, Italian

    2 Jobs Available
    Welding Engineer

    Welding Engineer Job Description: A Welding Engineer work involves managing welding projects and supervising welding teams. He or she is responsible for reviewing welding procedures, processes and documentation. A career as Welding Engineer involves conducting failure analyses and causes on welding issues. 

    5 Jobs Available
    QA Manager
    4 Jobs Available
    Product Manager

    A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  

    3 Jobs Available
    Quality Controller

    A quality controller plays a crucial role in an organisation. He or she is responsible for performing quality checks on manufactured products. He or she identifies the defects in a product and rejects the product. 

    A quality controller records detailed information about products with defects and sends it to the supervisor or plant manager to take necessary actions to improve the production process.

    3 Jobs Available
    Production Manager
    3 Jobs Available
    Team Lead

    A Team Leader is a professional responsible for guiding, monitoring and leading the entire group. He or she is responsible for motivating team members by providing a pleasant work environment to them and inspiring positive communication. A Team Leader contributes to the achievement of the organisation’s goals. He or she improves the confidence, product knowledge and communication skills of the team members and empowers them.

    2 Jobs Available
    Procurement Manager

    The procurement Manager is also known as  Purchasing Manager. The role of the Procurement Manager is to source products and services for a company. A Procurement Manager is involved in developing a purchasing strategy, including the company's budget and the supplies as well as the vendors who can provide goods and services to the company. His or her ultimate goal is to bring the right products or services at the right time with cost-effectiveness. 

    2 Jobs Available
    Merchandiser
    2 Jobs Available
    QA Manager
    4 Jobs Available
    Azure Administrator

    An Azure Administrator is a professional responsible for implementing, monitoring, and maintaining Azure Solutions. He or she manages cloud infrastructure service instances and various cloud servers as well as sets up public and private cloud systems. 

    4 Jobs Available
    AWS Solution Architect

    An AWS Solution Architect is someone who specializes in developing and implementing cloud computing systems. He or she has a good understanding of the various aspects of cloud computing and can confidently deploy and manage their systems. He or she troubleshoots the issues and evaluates the risk from the third party. 

    4 Jobs Available
    Computer Programmer

    Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover include wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech enthusiasts. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word-processing applications and browsers.

    3 Jobs Available
    Product Manager

    A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  

    3 Jobs Available
    ITSM Manager
    3 Jobs Available
    Information Security Manager

    Individuals in the information security manager career path involves in overseeing and controlling all aspects of computer security. The IT security manager job description includes planning and carrying out security measures to protect the business data and information from corruption, theft, unauthorised access, and deliberate attack 

    3 Jobs Available
    Big Data Analytics Engineer

    Big Data Analytics Engineer Job Description: A Big Data Analytics Engineer is responsible for collecting data from various sources. He or she has to sort the organised and chaotic data to find out patterns. The role of Big Data Engineer involves converting messy information into useful data that is clean, accurate and actionable. 

    2 Jobs Available
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