NCERT syllabus for class 12 Chemistry
Updated on Jun 24, 2019 - 2:27 p.m. IST by Team Careers360
#CBSE Class 12th

NCERT syllabus for Class 12 Chemistry: NCERT releases the Class 12th Chemistry syllabus that is followed by different CBSE and State board schools. CBSE strictly follows the NCERT syllabus for Class 12 Chemistry to add value in their curriculum. Chemistry is the subject in which remembering the right reaction and solution are very important. However, candidates are advised not to ignore numerical problems in this subject. Most of the times, the problems are a direct application of the formulae in use. The numerical problems, if mastered are a good way to score marks in CBSE Class 12. By referring to NCERT syllabus for class 12 Chemistry, students can prepare this subject in a definite pattern. Students can find all the requisite information as per CBSE Chemistry syllabus for class 12 pdf, below.

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Read the article to know NCERT syllabus for Class 12 Chemistry, Question Paper pattern and marking scheme.

NCERT syllabus for Class 12 Chemistry: Highlights

  • As per the past trends, it is predicted that most of the questions can be asked directly from the NCERT books for Class 12 Chemistry.

  • NCERT syllabus for class 12 Chemistry helps the students to know about the important topics which add to their preparation

  • Students will know about the marking scheme and exam pattern after referring to CBSE Chemistry syllabus.

  • NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry let the students clarify their doubts and related queries.

  • Units such as electrochemistry, biomolecules, polymers etc should be prepared well as these units carry high weightage in CBSE class 12 syllabus

NCERT syllabus for Class 12 Chemistry

Below mentioned are the chapter-wise important topics and marking scheme of CBSE class 12 chemistry syllabus.

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NCERT Chapter-wise Solution

Important Topics


Chapter 1 - Solid State

General characteristics of solid states, amorphous and crystalline solids, classification of crystalline solids, molecular solids etc


Chapter 2 - Solutions

Types of solutions, expressing the concentration of solutions, solubility, the solubility of a gas in liquid etc

Chapter 3 - Electrochemistry

Electrochemical cells, galvanic cells, Measurement of electrode potential, Nernst equation etc

Chapter 4 - Chemical Kinetics

Rate of a chemical reaction, the dependence of rate on concentration, rate expression and rate constant etc

Chapter 5 - Surface Chemistry

Adsorption, the distinction between adsorption and absorption, types of adsorption etc

Chapter 6 - General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

The occurrence of metals, extraction of crude metal from concentrated ore, thermodynamic principles of metallurgy etc


Chapter 7 - The p-Block elements

Occurrence, electronic configuration, atomic and ionic radii, Ionisation Enthalpy, Electronegativity etc

Chapter 8 - The d- and f - Block Elements

Electronic Configurations of the d-Block Elements, Variation in Atomic and Ionic Sizes of Transition Metals etc

Chapter 9 - Coordination Compounds

Werner’s theory of coordination compounds, Definitions of Some Important Terms Pertaining to Coordination Compounds etc

Chapter 10 - Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

Nature of C-X Bond C-X Bond, Methods of preparation of haloalkanes, hydrocarbons, halogen exchange etc


Chapter 11 - Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

Alcohols— Mono, Di, Tri or Polyhydric alcohols, Phenols— Mono, Di and trihydric phenols etc

Chapter 12 - Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

Nomenclature, the structure of the carbonyl group, Preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones etc

Chapter 13 - Amines

Structure of amines, Hoffmann bromamide degradation reaction, Gabriel phthalimide synthesis etc

Chapter 14 - Biomolecules

Carbohydrates, Monosaccharides,

Preparation of Glucose, the structure of glucose, Cyclic Structure of Glucose etc

Chapter 15 - Polymers

Classification of Polymers, types of polymerisation reactions, mechanism of polymerisation reaction etc

Chapter 16 - Chemistry in Everyday Life

Drugs and their classification, drug-target interaction, Receptors as drug targets



NCERT syllabus for Class 12 Chemistry Practical:



Volumetric Analysis


Salt Analysis


Content-Based Experiment


Project Work


Class record and viva




How to prepare for NCERT CBSE class 12 Chemistry?

  • Students are advised to concentrate on the units with high weightage and read the important topics thoroughly for the board preparation.

  • Candidates should not rush while the preparation of chemistry exam as it is based on several fundamental concepts which will be cleared only after a thorough in-depth study.

  • NCERT syllabus for class 12 Chemistry should be referred for the exam. However, some reference books can be used for deeper knowledge.

  • Organic chemistry’s basic concepts should be clear. On the other hand, physical chemistry and it’s numerical should be regularly practised.

  • Going through previous year’s question papers will let the students know about the CBSE exam pattern and types of questions asked.

Also, read NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 Physics

Best Reference books for CBSE Class 12 Chemistry:

NCERT syllabus for class 12 Chemistry acts as a building block for the chemistry preparation. But some reference books should also be referred by the students for in-depth information. Some of the best reference books for chemistry class 12th are mentioned below:

  • CBSE Chapterwise Solutions – Chemistry (Class 12): A Collection of Fully Solved Questions asked- Examination by Purnima Sharma

  • CBSE Chapter-wise Questions-Answers: Chemistry Previous Year’ Questions by Sharma

  • Pradeep’s New Course Chemistry Class-XII (Set Of 2 Volumes) by Pradeep Publications

  • Concise Inorganic Chemistry 5th Edition (Paperback) by J. D. Lee

  • Modern’s ABC of Chemistry Class – 12 (Part 1 & 2) (With CD) by S. P. Jauhar

Also, read NCERT Books for Class 12 Biology

More like CBSE Class 12th

Questions related to CBSE Class 12th

Showing 28 out of 28 Questions

Ive passed class 11th commerce CBSE but now I want a science stream, can I change my stream in 12th class by changing board or anything? I dont want to repeat class 11th.

lubhan cherwoo 21st Feb, 2020
The only possible way you can make the transition is if you change your board ie you can shift from CBSE to State Board,but I do not recommend such a change as to study science you need to have a strong background of which class 11 science is a base to class 12 either you have to work very hard or you shouldn't take the risk ,if you do take the change make sure to work on that with full mind.

The other thing that you can do is further you career in commerce and make the variation to courses like Bcom,BBA LLB,BBA/BMS,BCA(IT and Software), diploma,etc

You can also opt for a course primary diploma outside India in some other field of interest.

i am not able to study my class 12 accountancy subject... on march 5, i have my exam.... please anyone suggest some tips to coverup everything

Shivangini Bhatt 20th Feb, 2020
You can try studying all entries first and try solving maximum sample papers , because sample papers will cover your most syllabus in a very less time.

i completed my schooling from mp , but i dont have parents are from bihar....what would be my home state then? and what should i do?

AnkiT KunwaR 11th Feb, 2020

If you have completed you schooling and have done your 10th and 12th from a school in Madhyapradesh then you can easily get a domicile of MP.Simoly apply online with affidavit at or visit the Lokseva Kendra.

I hope this helps.

CBSE 11th available in Avadi Chinmaya School

AYAN MULLA 3rd Feb, 2020


If im not wrong you are talking about VGN Chinmaya Vidyalaya School, Avadi which is situated in tamil nadu> this is a private unaided school affiated to cbse and co-ed.

The classes are from LKG(LOWER KINDERGARTEN) to class 10th.

you can refer this link



which is the best reference book for class 12 cbse students as objective and boards.

Aman Raj Student Expert 28th Jan, 2020


HC Verma and Xam Idea. H C Verma is a must-have and the go-to book for Class 12 Physics. Apart from it, S L Arora, Pradeep’s and Xam Idea are other great options. W

Pradeep’s Chemistry. Pradeep’s Chemistry is really helpful. You can also use OP Tandon as a good and dependable reference. However, do not neglect your NCERT book. Refer to these other books only when you have finished revising the NCERT book thoroughly.

RS Aggarwal & M L Khanna. For commerce students, Part 1 and 2 by R D Sharma has a great collection of problems. You could also refer to U-Like papers as Mathematics is one of the most scoring subjects and you certainly don’t want to miss that opportunity.

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