NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 - National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) Class 12th syllabus is available to download in PDF form at the official website ncert.nic.in. NCERT syllabus for class 12 is provided for Science, Arts, and Commerce stream. The syllabus gives an outline of curriculum and contents of each subject including Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics, etc. The NCERT syllabus for Class 12 contains detailed information of each subject such as unit wise topics of each chapter along with the marks distribution. Students can check all the important topics from the syllabus. The syllabus for some subjects are segregated into theory and practicals, whereas for some subjects there will be theory paper only. Check the detailed NCERT syllabus for Class 12 on this page.
The theory paper of English is of 100 marks. The question paper is divided into three sections: Reading, Writing, and Literature. The exam duration will be 3 hours. There are two books prescribed in the NCERT syllabus for class 12 Flamingo, and Vistas (Supplementary reader). Below is the list of chapters included in both books.
The Last Lesson
My Mother at Sixty Six
An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum
A Thing of Beauty
A Roadside Stand
Poets and Pancakes
Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers
The Third Level
The Tiger King
Journey to the End of the Earth
Should Wizard Hit Mommy
On the Face of It
Evans Tries an O-Level
Memories of Childhood
The Cutting of My Long Hair
We too are Human Being
The syllabus of NCERT Physics for class 12 is divided into theory and practical. The theory exam is 70 marks and the practical exam is of 30 marks. Students must go through the complete NCERT Physics syllabus for 12th to have a basic idea about the curriculum. Refer to the tables below to know the NCERT syllabus for 12th Physics Theory and Practicals.
Electric Charges and Fields
Conservation of charge
Coulomb's law-force between two point charges
electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines
electric field due to a dipole,etc.
Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
Electric potential due to a point charge
Free charges and bound charges inside a conductor
Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field, etc.
Flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor
Electrical resistivity and conductivity, colour code for carbon resistors
Series and parallel combinations of resistors
Temperature dependence of resistance,etc
Magnetic Effect of Current & Magnetism
Moving Charges and Magnetism
Concept of magnetic field, Oersted's experiment
Biot - Savart law and its application Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields
Magnetism and Matter
Current loop as a magnetic dipole Magnetic field lines
Earth's magnetic field and magnetic elements
Magnetic field intensity
Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field
Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, etc
Electromagnetic Induction & Alternating Current
Self and mutual induction
Induced EMF and current, etc.
Peak and RMS value
LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only)
LCR series circuit, etc
Basic idea of displacement current
Electromagnetic waves, etc
Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Power of a lens
Refraction of light through a prism
Reflection of light
Refraction of light
Total internal reflection and its applications, etc
Young's double slit experiment
Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen's principle
Coherent sources and sustained interference of light
Dual Nature of Matter
Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Dual nature of radiation,
Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard's observations
Einstein's photoelectric equation-particle nature of light, etc.
Atoms & Nuclei
Alpha-particles scattering experiment
Rutherford's model of atom.
Composition and size of nucleus
Alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties
Radioactive decay law, etc.
Semiconductor diode - I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias
diode as a rectifier
Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors and insulators (qualitative ideas only), etc.
Two experiments one from each section
Practical record (experiments and activities)
Viva on experiments, activities and project
Mathematics syllabus of 12th NCERT is segregated into theory and internal assessment. The question paper of NCERT is 80 marks, wherein the internal assessment will be of 20 marks. The questions asked in the examination will be very short, short, and long answer type. Check the NCERT syllabus for class 12 for mathematics from the table below.
Relations and Functions
Inverse Trigonometric Functions
Continuity and Differentiability
Applications of Derivatives
Applications of the Integrals
Vectors and three dimensional Geometry
Different types of linear programming
Mathematical formulation of L.P. problems, etc.
Multiplications theorem on probability
The details for Theory and practical syllabus of NCERT 12th chemistry is given in the table below. Students can check the unit wise important topics and marks allotted for each unit here. The evaluation scheme for the chemistry practical examination is given in the second table.
General characteristics of solid states
Amorphous and crystalline solids
Classification of crystalline solids
Molecular solids, etc.
Types of solutions
Expressing concentration of solutions
Solubility, solubility of a gas in liquid, etc.
Measurement of electrode potential
Nernst equation, etc.
Rate of a chemical reaction
Dependence of rate on concentration
Rate expression and rate constant, etc.
Distinction between adsorption and absorption
Types of adsorption etc
General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
Occurence of metals
Extraction of crude metal from concentrated ore,
Thermodynamic principles of metallurgy, etc.
The p-Block elements
Atomic and ionic radii
The d- and f - Block Elements
Electronic Configurations of the d-Block Elements
Variation in Atomic and Ionic Sizes of Transition Metals, etc.
Werner’s theory of coordination compounds
Definitions of Some Important Terms Pertaining to Coordination Compounds, etc.
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
Nature of C-X Bond
Methods of preparation of haloalkanes, hydrocarbons, halogen exchange, etc.
Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
Alcohols— Mono, Di, Tri or Polyhydric alcohols,
Phenols— Mono, Di and trihydric phenols etc
Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
Nomenclature, structure of the carbonyl group
Preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones etc.
Structure of amines
Hoffmann bromamide degradation reaction
Gabriel phthalimide synthesis, etc
Preparation of Glucose, structure of glucose
Cyclic Structure of Glucose, etc.
Classification of Polymers
Types of polymerization reactions
Mechanism of polymerisation reaction, etc.
Chemistry in Everyday Life
Drugs and their classification
Receptors as drug targets
Content Based Experiment
Class record and viva
The NCERT Syllabus of Biology class 12 comprises of theory and practical exam. The total marks for Biology subject is 100, where the theory exam is 70 marks and practicals are of 30 marks. Check the important topics and marking scheme below.
Reproduction in organisms
Modes of reproduction
Reproduction; asexual reproduction - binary fission, etc.
Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
Pollination - types
Gencies and examples
Embryo, pollen-pistil interaction
Double fertilization, etc
Embryo development up to blastocyst formation
Fertilisation, Male and Female reproductive systems
Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary
Gametogenesis - spermatogenesis and oogenesis, etc.
Need for reproductive health and prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Birth control - contraception and medical termination of pregnancy
Need and methods, etc.
Principles of Inheritance And Variation
Chromosome theory of inheritance
Linkage and crossing over
Mendelian disorders in humans
Multiple alleles and inheritance, pleiotropy, etc.
Molecular Basis of Inheritance
Structure of DNA and RNA
DNA packaging; DNA replication, etc.
Origin of life
Biological evolution and evidence for biological evolution, etc.
Human Health and Disease
Parasites causing human diseases and their control
Chickengunia, filariasis, ascariasis, typhoid, pneumonia, etc.
Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
Improvement in food production: Plant breeding
Single cell protein, etc.
Microbes in Human Welfare
Energy generation and microbes as bio-control agents and bio-fertilizers,
In household food processing,
Sewage treatment, etc.
Biotechnology: Principles and Processes
Genetic Engineering (Recombinant DNA Technology).
Biotechnology and its Applications
Stem cell technology
genetically modified organisms
Application of biotechnology,etc.
Organisms And Population
Population and ecological adaptations
Habitat and niche, competition, predation, parasitism, etc.
Nutrient cycles (carbon and phosphorous); ecological succession, etc.
Biodiversity and Conservation
Patterns, importance; loss of biodiversity, etc.
Agrochemicals and their effectS
Solid waste management
Greenhouse effect and climate change impact and mitigation
Ozone layer depletion, etc.
One Major Experiment
One Minor Experiment
Practical Record/Project record + Viva Voce
CBSE is a board whereas NCERT is a counsel. CBSE prescribes the books published by NCERT.
Passing marks in CBSE class 12 are 33%.
Ideally you have to start your revision at least two months before the examination.
NCERT is enough for understanding the concepts. For practice purpose you need to refer to other books as well.
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