CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2020
Updated on Dec 20, 2019 - 12:43 p.m. IST by Apoorva Singh
#CBSE Class 12th

CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2020 - The CBSE class 12th syllabus of Physics is available to download on the official website. Students can check the marking scheme and important topics from the CBSE 12th Physics syllabus 2020. Analyzing the CBSE syllabus for Class 12 Physics will prepare a basic structure in student’s minds regarding the contents of the CBSE Class 12 Physics syllabus 2020. The question paper of Physics will be of 70 marks and exam duration will be 3 hours. Central Board of Secondary Education conducts the CBSE Class 12th exam in the month of February. The practical exams for class 12th will begin in January 2020. Nearly 15 lakh students appear in CBSE class 12th board exams every year. Students appearing in the exam must check the CBSE Class 12 Physics syllabus 2020 and know the important units and chapters for the examination. Read further to know the detailed CBSE syllabus for class 12th Physics.
Latest: CBSE class 12 Date Sheet 2020 for Practical exam dates released. CBSE 12th result will be released in the last week of April 2020. Check here.

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CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2020 - Marks Distribution

There are a total of 9 units in the CBSE syllabus for Class 12 Physics. The total marks for the Physics theory paper are 70. Students can check the marks distribution for each unit from the table below.

Marks Distribution for CBSE Class 12 Physics

Unit

Unit Name

Marks

I

Electrostatics

16

II

Current Electricity

III

Magnetic Effect of Current & Magnetism

17

IV

Electromagnetic Induction & Alternating Current

V

Electromagnetic Waves

18

VI

Optics

VII

Dual Nature of Matter

12

VIII

Atoms & Nuclei

IX

Electronic Devices

7


Total

70

CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2020

The detailed CBSE syllabus for Class 12 Physics is provided in the table below. Here Chapter-wise important topics are given to ease the preparation of students.

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Detailed CBSE Class 12 syllabus for Physics

Chapters

Important Topics

Electrostatics

Electric Charges and Fields

  • Electric Charges

  • Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field

  • Electric field

  • Electric field due to a point charge

  • Electric field lines

  • Electric dipole

Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

  • Electric potential

  • Equipotential surfaces

  • Conductors and insulators

  • Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field, etc.

Current Electricity

Current Electricity

  • Ohm's law, electrical resistance

  • V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear) Carbon resistors

  • Electric current

  • Electrical energy and power

  • series and parallel combinations of resistors

Magnetic Effect of Current & Magnetism

Moving Charges and Magnetism

  • Concept of magnetic field

  • Oersted's experiment

  • Biot - Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.

  • Straight and toroidal solenoids (only qualitative treatment)

  • Cyclotron

  • Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, etc.

Magnetism and Matter

  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment,

  • Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis

  • Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field

  • Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, etc

Electromagnetic Induction & Alternating Current

Electromagnetic Induction

  • Electromagnetic induction

  • Lenz's Law

  • Eddy currents

  • Self and mutual induction

  • Faraday's laws, induced EMF and current.

Alternating Current

  • Alternating currents

  • Peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage

  • Power factor

  • Resonance

  • Power in AC circuits

Electromagnetic Waves


Electromagnetic Waves

  • Basic idea of displacement current, Electromagnetic waves

  • Their Transverse nature (qualitative ideas only), etc

Optics

Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

  • Power of a lens

  • Combination of thin lenses in contact

  • Refraction of light through a prism

  • Reflection of light, spherical mirrors

  • Mirror formula

  • Refraction of light

  • Total internal reflection and its applications

Wave Optics

  • Young's double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width

  • Wavefront and Huygens principle

  • Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen's principle

  • Coherent sources and sustained interference of light

  • Reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts, etc.

Dual Nature of Matter

Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

  • Dual nature of radiation, Photoelectric effect

  • Hertz and Lenard's observations

  • Einstein's photoelectric equation-particle nature of light, etc.

Atoms & Nuclei

Atoms

  • Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Bohr model

  • Energy levels

  • Hydrogen spectrum

  • Rutherford's model of an atom.

Nuclei

  • Composition and size of the nucleus

  • Radioactivity

  • Alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties

  • Radioactive decay law, etc.

Electronic Devices

Semiconductor Electronics

  • Semiconductor diode - I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias

  • Diode as a rectifier

  • Energy bands in conductors

  • Semiconductors and insulators (qualitative ideas only), etc.

CBSE Class 12 Physics 2020 - Marking Scheme

In the table below, the marking scheme of CBSE class 12th Physics is given. In the first table, the marking scheme for theory examination is given, whereas, in the second table, the marking scheme of practicals is provided. Students must check the marking scheme from CBSE Class 12 Physics syllabus 2020 to know how many questions will be asked from a particular type.

Marking Scheme for CBSE Class 12 Physics


Typology of Questions

VSA Objective Type

(1 mark)

SA (2 marks)

LA-I (3 marks)

LA-II

(5 marks)

Total

Marks

Percentage

1

Remembering: Exhibit

memory of previously

learned material by recalling

facts, terms, basic concepts,

and answers.

2

2

1

-

9

12%

2

Understanding: Demonstrate

understanding of facts and

ideas by organizing,

comparing, translating,

interpreting, giving

descriptions, and stating

main ideas

6

2

2

1

21

30%

3

Applying: Solve problems to

new situations by applying

acquired knowledge, facts,

techniques and rules in a

different way.

6

2

1

2

23

33%

4

Analysing and Evaluating:

Examine and break

information into parts by

identifying motives or

causes. Make inferences

and find evidence to support

generalizations Present and defend opinions

by making judgments about

information, the validity of ideas,

or quality of work based on a

set of criteria.

6

1

2

-

14

20%

5

Creating: Compile

information together in a

the different way by combining

elements in a new pattern or

proposing alternative

solutions.

-

-

1

-

3

5%


Total

20x1=20

7x2=14

7x3=21

3x5=1check the marking scheme to know 5

70

100

Marking Scheme for CBSE Class 12 Physics Practicals

Particulars

Marks

Two experiments one from each section

8+8 Marks

Practical record [experiments and activities]

6 Marks

Investigatory Project

3 Marks

Viva on experiments, activities, and project

5 Marks

Total

30 marks

Best reference books for class 12 CBSE Physics

Below are the books prescribed by CBSE for the students of class 12th.

  • Physics, Class XII, Part -I and II, Published by NCERT.

  • Laboratory Manual of Physics for Class XII Published by NCERT.

  • The list of other related books and manuals brought out by NCERT (consider multimedia also).

CBSE class 12 Physics Preparation Tips

Students often find Physics as a really tough subject, but with regular and smart practice one can easily score well in the Physics examination. Here are some preparation tips for CBSE class 12th Physics.

  • Firstly, students must go through the complete CBSE Class 12 Physics syllabus 2020. Check the important units and topics from the given CBSE class 10 syllabus of Physics.

  • Make an effective study plan so that you can cover all topics on time.

  • Practice regularly. All derivations, diagrams, etc. require a lot of practice.

  • Solve CBSE class 12 question papers 2020, this will help you in getting familiarised with the exam pattern and type of questions asked previously.

  • Make a habit of studying at least 3-4 hours daily.

  • Practice more with CBSE class 12 sample papers 2020 to increase speed and accuracy.

Relevant links

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) - CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2020

Question: Is there any change in CBSE Class 12 Physics syllabus 2020?

Answer:

No, there are no such major changes in CBSE Class 12 Physics syllabus 2020.

Question: What are the passing marks in CBSE Class 12th?

Answer:

Students must obtain 33% marks to pass the examination.

Question: What happens if I fail in two or more subjects in class 12?

Answer:

If a student fails in more than one subject then CBSE declares them fail.

Question: Is NCERT book enough to cover CBSE class 12 Physics syllabus 2020?

Answer:

Yes, NCERT is enough to cover the cbse class 10 syllabus of physics, yet students can practice with other reference books too.

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i completed my schooling from mp , but i dont have domicile....my parents are from bihar....what would be my home state then? and what should i do?

AnkiT KunwaR 11th Feb, 2020
Hello,


If you have completed you schooling and have done your 10th and 12th from a school in Madhyapradesh then you can easily get a domicile of MP.Simoly apply online with affidavit at loksevadatia@gmail.com or visit the Lokseva Kendra.

I hope this helps.
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HELLO RAJ

If im not wrong you are talking about VGN Chinmaya Vidyalaya School, Avadi which is situated in tamil nadu> this is a private unaided school affiated to cbse and co-ed.

The classes are from LKG(LOWER KINDERGARTEN) to class 10th.

you can refer this link https://school.careers360.com/schools/vgn-chinmaya-vidyalaya-avadi

HOPE IT HELPS!!

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which is the best reference book for class 12 cbse students as objective and boards.

Aman Raj Student Expert 28th Jan, 2020

Hello

HC Verma and Xam Idea. H C Verma is a must-have and the go-to book for Class 12 Physics. Apart from it, S L Arora, Pradeep’s and Xam Idea are other great options. W


Pradeep’s Chemistry. Pradeep’s Chemistry is really helpful. You can also use OP Tandon as a good and dependable reference. However, do not neglect your NCERT book. Refer to these other books only when you have finished revising the NCERT book thoroughly.


RS Aggarwal & M L Khanna. For commerce students, Part 1 and 2 by R D Sharma has a great collection of problems. You could also refer to U-Like papers as Mathematics is one of the most scoring subjects and you certainly don’t want to miss that opportunity.


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nit me b.arch admission keleye cbse class 12th me kitna pecentage hona chahiye.

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TO GET ADMISSION IN NIT COLLEGES YOU HAVE TO QUALIFY JEE MAIN EXAM WITH A GOOD RANK/PERCENTILE. TO GIVE JEE MAIN EXAM ELLIGIBLITY YOU MUST HAVE 75% MARKS IN 12TH CLASS WITH PCM.

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Hi Shyam ,

First of all you should collect all the materials which you need for your preparations.This should include texts which you are planning to refer,notes and most importantly previous year question papers with answers.

Secondly make timetable so that you can complete the portions within the time provided. Just roughly refer the previous year question papers so as to get an idea about the pattern of questions .

Now it's time to study. You should understand each and every topic and also maintain your own views about  the same.

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Hope this helps.

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