NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 Maths

NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 Maths: Board exams are of great importance in the student’s life. Scoring good marks in these exams leaves a huge impact on their career. Therefore, aspirants should work very smartly and sincerely towards achieving this milestone. Merely scoring high by mugging up the course should not be the priority. Rather students should refer to the NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 Maths and then prepare for the CBSE 12th Exams very smartly and calmly to gain knowledge. Maths is a subject which is always a centre of hype but actually, it’s not that tricky. It focuses on evaluating one on the basic understanding of the subject. Thus, students should prepare for the same for widening up their knowledge and work towards the basic fundamental concepts. Therefore, NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 Maths plays a key role in the better preparation of the exam.

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Read the article to get the detailed information about Maths NCERT Syllabus for class 12 along with the chapter wise-solution, course structure, and marking scheme.

Also, read NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 Chemistry

NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 Maths: Highlights

  • NCERT CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Maths aims to provide very relevant and useful information to students as it written by the experts.

  • Studying from these books helps in preparing for the competitive exams such as NEET, JEE Mains and some scholarship exams like KVPY, etc.

  • The sole purpose of NCERT is to prescribe a syllabus which can be of tremendous use in the future endeavours of students.

  • NCERT Maths Syllabus for class 12 does not dwell upon very deep information. In fact, it gives very brief and informative knowledge using simple language. This helps in better understanding.

  • NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths add in clarifying all the related queries and doubts of the aspirants.

  • NCERT Book for class 12 Maths provides exemplars which are very useful for the candidates as many questions come from these in CBSE Class 12th board exams.

Also, read NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 Biology

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NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 Maths

Below mentioned is the CBSE Syllabus for class 12 maths along with the chapter-wise solutions, important topics and marking scheme.

NCERT Chapter-wise Solution
Important Topics
One to one and onto functions, composite functions, inverse of a function, Types of relations:transitive and equivalence relations, reflexive, symmetric
Graphs of inverse trigonometric functionsElementary properties of inverse trigonometric functions, Definition,domain, principal value branch, range
Operation on matrices: Addition and multiplication and multiplication with a scalar, Concept, notation, order, equality, zero and identity matrix, transpose of a matrix, types of matrices, symmetric and skew, symmetric matrices, etc.
Determinant of a square matrix (up to 3 x 3 matrices), Co-factors and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle, properties of determinants, minors, Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, etc.
Derivative of composite functions, chain rule, Continuity an differentiability, Concept of exponential and logarithmic functions. Derivatives of logarithmic and exponential functions, Second order derivatives. Rolle’s and Lagrange's Mean Value Theorems (without proof) and their geometric interpretation, etc.
Simple problems (that illustrate basic principles and understanding of the subject, real-life situations), Applications of derivatives: rate of change of bodies, increasing/decreasing functions, tangents and normals, use of derivatives in approximation, maxima and minima, etc.
Integration as inverse process of differentiation, Integration of a variety of functions by substitution, by partial fractions and by parts, etc.
Applications in finding the area under simple curves, lines, circles/ parabolas/ellipses, Area between any of the two above said curves, etc.
Definition, order and degree, general and particular solutions of a differential equation, formation of differential equation, Solution of differential equations by method of separation of variables, solutions of homogeneous differential equations of first order and first degree, etc.
Vectors and scalars, magnitude and direction of a vector, Direction cosines and direction ratios of a vector. Types of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio, position vector of a point, negative of a vector, components of a vector, addition of vectors, etc.
Cartesian equation and vector equation of a line, Direction cosines and direction ratios of a line joining two points, coplanar and skew lines, shortest distance between two lines.Cartesian and vector equation of a plane, etc.
Introduction, related terminology such as constraints, optimization, different types of linear programming (L.P.) problems, objective function, mathematical formulation of L.P. problems, graphical method of solution for problems in two variables, etc.
Conditional probability, multiplication theorem on probability, independent events, total probability, Bayes’ theorem, mean and variance of random variable, Random variable and its probability distribution, etc.

To download the entire NCERT Maths syllabus for class 12

Best Preparation Tips for Class 12 Maths

  • Prepare for the units such as Calculus, Vector and 3 - Dimensional Geometry and Algebra very thoroughly as these units carry high weightage in the board exam.

  • Strictly refer to the NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 Maths. This will help the students to make a dedicated study time-table which is very useful.

  • Make a separate notebook for the theorems and formulae. This will be handy and will help students to revise them anytime.

  • Answer in steps so that some marks may be given even if the student attempt it partially. This will help in scoring better.

  • Clear the fundamental concepts and try to understand the logic behind every problem. This will enhance your interest in the subject.

  • After completion of the entire syllabus, solve the CBSE Class 12 Sample Papers. This will let the students know about the exam pattern well.

  • Also solve, CBSE Class 12th Question papers because as per the previous year, many questions are asked in the boards from these.

Also, read, NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 Physics

Best Reference Books for Class 12 Maths:

NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 Maths covers the whole course of CBSE, but students should refer to some of the top reference books for further practice of problems. This helps in practising a variety of questions and getting better at attempting the question paper. Some of the best reference books for class 12 Maths are mentioned below:

  • R.S Aggarwal

  • ML Khanna

  • R.D Sharma (Part 1 and 2)

  • U-Like papers

  • NCERT Solutions by Arihant

Also, read NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 English

More like CBSE Class 12th

Questions related to CBSE Class 12th

Showing 15 out of 15 Questions

What should I do if I fail in class 11th?

_Abhishek_Vatsya Student Expert 7th Dec, 2019


11th results doesn't matter soo much.If you have interest in that stream then you can ignore 11th results overall stream matters.Do focus in main papers like in PCM/PCB in Science stream.Aslo,you might have interest in other stream then you can can change stream as it is perfect time for that.Don't think about 2nd option Soo much if you chosen stream  as per your interest..

Ask if any query.


Sir, I failed in MATHS in Class 12 board exams 2019. Now, Ive registered myself as a failure candidate to reappear in all subjects in 2020. So my question is, will i have to give practicals and submit projects of all subjects like previous year?

Piyeta Ghosh 2nd Dec, 2019

Hello aspirant

Now that you have registered yourself to appear for all the subjects , which means you are repeating 12th standard again. The board views you as a normal 12th grade student.

Hence, you have to appear for all the exams (internals and externals), practicals, assignments etc.

Hence, the answer is YES.



If a medical student with 70% in cbse class 12th board can be able to apply BITSAT form 2020?

Malini S N 2nd Dec, 2019


Candidates must have passed their class 12 with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as compulsory subjects and candidate who have opted for biology must have 75% aggregate score in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.So,if you have physics,chemistry and maths as compulsory subjects,then you will be eligible.Candidates must also score 60% individually in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.

All the best!!


last year I will give practical exam of all subjects and pass in all subjects but fail in theory so this time I also give practical exam ?

Devraj choudhary Student Expert 23rd Nov, 2019


Yes, you need to appear for each and every exam this time irrespective of whether you passed last year or not. Your new result will consist of new grades or marks replacing the older ones.

In supplemenry exam you need not to give all exam but just in which you failed.

Hope it helps


any dates for exam and prectical for cbsc link

Tamajit Student Expert 2nd Dec, 2019

Hi Lokendra,

The examination dates of CBSE class XII has been released but the exact routine of it is not published yet. The exact chronological routine would be published on the official website of the CBSE well before the examination. The dates of the examinations are as follows:

  • Class XII practicals: 1st January 2020 to 7th January 2020.
  • Class XII theory exams: 15th February 2020 to end of March 2020.


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