NCERT Books class 10 Science
Updated on Jun 13, 2019 - 4:07 p.m. IST by Maniprabha.singh
#CBSE Class 10th

NCERT Books Class 10 Science- National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) publishes the NCERT Science books for class 10 that are designed under the National Curriculum Framework (NCF). NCERT Class 10th Science books contain all topics and chapters that are covered in CBSE class 10 Syllabus for Science in the simplest manner so that students can easily understand the same. Therefore, students should read NCERT Class 10 Science books to strengthen the basics of the subject. Moreover, questions in CBSE Class 10th board exams and some scholarship exams such as KVPY, NTSE, etc are usually asked from the NCERT Science books.

All CBSE schools and many state boards follow or prescribe NCERT Books along with the NCERT Syllabus. Students can check the benefits of using the NCERT Science books for class 10th in this article along with the link to download the chapters of NCERT books class 10 Science.

Benefits of Using NCERT Books Class 10 Science

Below given benefits enhance the importance of using NCERT science books. Read the same to know why students should use only NCERT CBSE Class 10th books.

  • NCERT Books for Class 10th Science covers the complete syllabus. Hence, refer the books before referring to other guides and books.
  • Students should also refer to NCERT Science Books for scholarship exam preparation.
  • NCERT 10th Science Books contain ample questions in practice exercise. The question asked in Board exam papers are usually similar to them.
  • Students can score high in the examination if they refer to NCERT Science Books for CBSE Class 10th.
  • Making notes from these Class 10th Science books of NCERT is easier as they only have short and important descriptions.
  • NCERT books are thinner than reference books. Students can carry them during a short vacation or while going to a caching centre. Hence, it would be easier for students to revise the syllabus through these books

Also, Read NCERT Books for Class 10 English

How to Download NCERT Science Books for Class 10 Pdf Free?

Students who want to access the free pdf of NCERT books class 10 science can either click the below given link or can visit the main website of NCERT to download the free NCERT book pdf. Follow the provided steps to download the same

  • Click the below link of the respective chapter link or visit the main website
  • Select the preferred class and subject.
  • A pdf file will open on the computer screen.
  • Students can click on the arrow provided above to download the free pdf file of NCERT Class 10 Science book

Also, read NCERT Class 10th Maths Books

How to Purchase NCERT Books Class 10 Science Online?

From the academic session 2018-19, NCERT has started the provision for students to purchase the NCERT books online. Students have to follow the given steps to purchase the NCERT Books for Class 10 Science

Steps to Purchase NCERT Class 10 Science books Online

Follow the below-given steps to purchase the NCERT science books for Class 10th online-

  • Students can visit the official website of NCERT, to order the Class 10 Science Books online
  • Register online by providing the basic info before placing the order.
  • Now, Click on the link "order textbooks online" and add the Class 10 Science NCERT books in the cart
  • Select the “proceed to payment” for paying the amount through online mode by using net banking, credit card or debit card.

NCERT Books Class 10 Science (Chapter wise links)

Chapter Name

Important Topics

Download Link

Chemical Reactions and Equations

Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implications of a balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, neutralization, oxidation and reduction

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Acid, Bases and Salts

Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH– ions, General properties, examples and uses, the concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), the importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris

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Metals and Non- Metals

Properties of metals and non-metals; Reactivity series; Formation and properties of ionic compounds; Basic metallurgical processes; Corrosion and its prevention

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Carbon and its Compounds

Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series. Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), the difference between saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction). Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents

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Periodic Classification of Elements

Need for classification, Early attempts at classification of elements (Dobereiner’s Triads, Newland’s Law of Octaves, Mendeleev’s Periodic Table), Modern periodic table, gradation in properties, valency, atomic number, metallic and non-metallic properties

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Life Processes

‘Living Being’. Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals

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Control and Coordination

Tropic movements in plants; Introduction of plant hormones; Control and co-ordination in animals: Nervous system; Voluntary, involuntary and reflex action; Chemical co-ordination: animal hormones

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How do Organisms Reproduce?

Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health-need and methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV/AIDS. Childbearing and women’s health

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Heredity and Evolution

Heredity; Mendel’s contribution- Laws for inheritance of traits: Sex determination: brief introduction; Basic concepts of evolution

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Light - Reflection and Refraction

Reflection of light by curved surfaces; Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required), magnification.

Refraction; Laws of refraction, refractive index.

Refraction of light by spherical lens; Image formed by spherical lenses; Lens formula (Derivation not required); Magnification. Power of a lens

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The Human Eye and the Colourful World

Functioning of a lens in the human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses

Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life

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Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm’s law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R

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Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carrying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s Left-Hand Rule, Electric Motor, Electromagnetic induction. Induced potential difference, Induced current. Fleming’s Right Hand Rule, Electric Generator, Direct current. Alternating current: frequency of AC. Advantage of AC over DC. Domestic electric circuits

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Sources of Energy

Different forms of energy, conventional and non-conventional sources of energy: Fossil fuels, solar energy; biogas; wind, water and tidal energy; Nuclear energy. Renewable versus non-renewable sources of Energy

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Our Environment

Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances

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Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

Conservation and judicious use of natural resources. Forest and wild life; Coal and Petroleum conservation. Examples of people’s participation for the conservation of natural resources. Big dams: advantages and limitations; alternatives, if any. Water harvesting. Sustainability of natural resources

Click Here

Also Read, NCERT Syllabus for class 10 Social Science

Best Reference Books for Class 10 Science

Along with the NCERT Books Class 10 Science, students can also consult some good reference books to check numerical variation and more sample questions. Check the given table to know the best class 10th science reference books-

SubjectsReference Books
  • Physics by Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur
  • Principles of Physics S Chand books, – N.k Chowdhry
  • Fundamentals of Physics – Pradeep publication
ChemistryChemistry by Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur
BiologyBiology by Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur

How to Prepare for CBSE Class 10th Science?

  1. Follow the NCERT Class 10th Syllabus- Students should follow the relevant CBSE syllabus for Class 10th as it will cover all the important topics that are asked in the examination.
  2. Make the Concepts Clear- Just mugging up the topics and fact won’t help you in the long run. Students should have a clear and concise idea of what the topic is all about and how to implement the same while solving the CBSE 10th question papers.
  3. Solve Sample Papers & Previous Year’s Question Papers- Students can have the idea of the difficulty level of questions and important topics through CBSE 10th question papers. Hence, it is mandatory to solve the maximum number of sample papers and previous year papers to get good marks in the examination.
  4. Revise Prepared Topics- To retain the information of facts and formulas for a longer duration, students should revise the prepare topics on a regular interval.

More like CBSE Class 10th

Questions related to CBSE Class 10th

Showing 7 out of 7 Questions

I want preparatory 1st science question paper of 10th class

Hrisheekesh Singh 28th Jan, 2020

Hi Smitha,

You should carry forward your preparation of class 10th science exam in the following steps:-

1. Read a particular chapter through NCERT thoroughly.

2. Try solving the in-chapter exercises.

3. Memorize the formulae or equations orally.

4. Try writing those formulae and equations again and again.

5. Make notes of the chapter.

6. Try solving the end chapter exercises.

7. Keep revising your notes again and again to increase your remembering ability. Keep rewriting the formulae and equations also.

8. Be confident during the exam.

I hope this helps you,

Good Luck for your exam


what is the exam timing. Does CBSE pass all the student of class 10

Vikas gehlot 28th Jan, 2020

10 CBSE exam for class 10th will commence at 10:30 a.m.. the answer booklet will be distributed at 10:00 a.m.. question paper will be given at 10:15 and a 15 minute time will be provided to navigate the question paper once the clock ticks at 10:30 you will be allowed to write the answer.


I have studied commerce in class 11th CBSE but changed to PCB in 12th NIOS board. Will I be eligible for NEET or BPT?

AnkiT KunwaR 26th Jan, 2020
Hello Antraa,

Yes, this is very good news for you because NIOS candidates are eligible for NEET.Eaely there was restrictions for NIOS candidates but from 2019 the SC(Supreme Court) has put a stay on order that stops NIOS candidates from appearing in NEET Exam.
So, you can apply fir NEET 2020.

But for BPT (Bachelor of Physiotherapy) a candidate needs to have done HSE (10+2) or equivalent from a recognized university.He/She should have pursued science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as main subjects securing a minimum aggregate score of 50%(General) or equivalent CGPA whereas (45% for SC/ST/OBC candidates).

I hope this helps.

is 75%attendence is important?

ayush mishra 9th Jan, 2020

Hello Prabhjot!

The attendance criteria is strict and is followed in most cases in almost all the schools in the country. Since you have not completely specified your condition, I assume you are asking about Class 10 or 12 attendance regulations and in that case, CBSE and all other education boards have strict regulations, so you should not fiddle with them in ideal cases. However, if you have any medical or any other unavoidable circumstance, then you should contact higher authorities for help.


cbse class 10th school leaving certificate and migration certificate will required during neet counseling

chandra keerthi pothina 15th Dec, 2019

hey sejal

While reporting to the allotted college, candidates must submit the original copy of the required documents which can be are listed below-

  • NEET 2020 Admit Card

  • NEET Scorecard or Rank Letter

  • Class 10 certificate and mark sheet (for date of birth)

  • Class 12 certificate and mark sheet

  • ID proof (Aadhar/PAN Card/Driving License/Passport)

  • Eight passport size photographs

  • Provisional Allotment Letter

  • Caste Certificate (if applicable)

  • PwD Certificate (if applicable)

so you do not need to carry migration certificate

hope this helped

all the best

for more details go through the following link:

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