NCERT Books class 10 Science

NCERT Books Class 10 Science- National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) publishes the NCERT Science books for class 10 that are designed under the National Curriculum Framework (NCF). NCERT Class 10th Science books contain all topics and chapters that are covered in CBSE class 10 Syllabus for Science in the simplest manner so that students can easily understand the same. Therefore, students should read NCERT Class 10 Science books to strengthen the basics of the subject. Moreover, questions in CBSE Class 10th board exams and some scholarship exams such as KVPY, NTSE, etc are usually asked from the NCERT Science books.

All CBSE schools and many state boards follow or prescribe NCERT Books along with the NCERT Syllabus. Students can check the benefits of using the NCERT Science books for class 10th in this article along with the link to download the chapters of NCERT books class 10 Science.

Benefits of Using NCERT Books Class 10 Science

Below given benefits enhance the importance of using NCERT science books. Read the same to know why students should use only NCERT CBSE Class 10th books.

  • NCERT Books for Class 10th Science covers the complete syllabus. Hence, refer the books before referring to other guides and books.
  • Students should also refer to NCERT Science Books for scholarship exam preparation.
  • NCERT 10th Science Books contain ample questions in practice exercise. The question asked in Board exam papers are usually similar to them.
  • Students can score high in the examination if they refer to NCERT Science Books for CBSE Class 10th.
  • Making notes from these Class 10th Science books of NCERT is easier as they only have short and important descriptions.
  • NCERT books are thinner than reference books. Students can carry them during a short vacation or while going to a caching centre. Hence, it would be easier for students to revise the syllabus through these books

Also, Read NCERT Books for Class 10 English

How to Download NCERT Science Books for Class 10 Pdf Free?

Students who want to access the free pdf of NCERT books class 10 science can either click the below given link or can visit the main website of NCERT to download the free NCERT book pdf. Follow the provided steps to download the same

  • Click the below link of the respective chapter link or visit the main website
  • Select the preferred class and subject.
  • A pdf file will open on the computer screen.
  • Students can click on the arrow provided above to download the free pdf file of NCERT Class 10 Science book

Also, read NCERT Class 10th Maths Books

How to Purchase NCERT Books Class 10 Science Online?

From the academic session 2018-19, NCERT has started the provision for students to purchase the NCERT books online. Students have to follow the given steps to purchase the NCERT Books for Class 10 Science

Steps to Purchase NCERT Class 10 Science books Online

Follow the below-given steps to purchase the NCERT science books for Class 10th online-

  • Students can visit the official website of NCERT, to order the Class 10 Science Books online
  • Register online by providing the basic info before placing the order.
  • Now, Click on the link "order textbooks online" and add the Class 10 Science NCERT books in the cart
  • Select the “proceed to payment” for paying the amount through online mode by using net banking, credit card or debit card.

NCERT Books Class 10 Science (Chapter wise links)

Chapter Name

Important Topics

Download Link

Chemical Reactions and Equations

Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implications of a balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, neutralization, oxidation and reduction

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Acid, Bases and Salts

Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH– ions, General properties, examples and uses, the concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), the importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris

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Metals and Non- Metals

Properties of metals and non-metals; Reactivity series; Formation and properties of ionic compounds; Basic metallurgical processes; Corrosion and its prevention

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Carbon and its Compounds

Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series. Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), the difference between saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction). Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents

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Periodic Classification of Elements

Need for classification, Early attempts at classification of elements (Dobereiner’s Triads, Newland’s Law of Octaves, Mendeleev’s Periodic Table), Modern periodic table, gradation in properties, valency, atomic number, metallic and non-metallic properties

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Life Processes

‘Living Being’. Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals

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Control and Coordination

Tropic movements in plants; Introduction of plant hormones; Control and co-ordination in animals: Nervous system; Voluntary, involuntary and reflex action; Chemical co-ordination: animal hormones

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How do Organisms Reproduce?

Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health-need and methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV/AIDS. Childbearing and women’s health

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Heredity and Evolution

Heredity; Mendel’s contribution- Laws for inheritance of traits: Sex determination: brief introduction; Basic concepts of evolution

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Light - Reflection and Refraction

Reflection of light by curved surfaces; Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required), magnification.

Refraction; Laws of refraction, refractive index.

Refraction of light by spherical lens; Image formed by spherical lenses; Lens formula (Derivation not required); Magnification. Power of a lens

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The Human Eye and the Colourful World

Functioning of a lens in the human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses

Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life

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Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm’s law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R

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Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carrying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s Left-Hand Rule, Electric Motor, Electromagnetic induction. Induced potential difference, Induced current. Fleming’s Right Hand Rule, Electric Generator, Direct current. Alternating current: frequency of AC. Advantage of AC over DC. Domestic electric circuits

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Sources of Energy

Different forms of energy, conventional and non-conventional sources of energy: Fossil fuels, solar energy; biogas; wind, water and tidal energy; Nuclear energy. Renewable versus non-renewable sources of Energy

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Our Environment

Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances

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Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

Conservation and judicious use of natural resources. Forest and wild life; Coal and Petroleum conservation. Examples of people’s participation for the conservation of natural resources. Big dams: advantages and limitations; alternatives, if any. Water harvesting. Sustainability of natural resources

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Also Read, NCERT Syllabus for class 10 Social Science

Best Reference Books for Class 10 Science

Along with the NCERT Books Class 10 Science, students can also consult some good reference books to check numerical variation and more sample questions. Check the given table to know the best class 10th science reference books-

SubjectsReference Books
  • Physics by Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur
  • Principles of Physics S Chand books, – N.k Chowdhry
  • Fundamentals of Physics – Pradeep publication
ChemistryChemistry by Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur
BiologyBiology by Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur

How to Prepare for CBSE Class 10th Science?

  1. Follow the NCERT Class 10th Syllabus- Students should follow the relevant CBSE syllabus for Class 10th as it will cover all the important topics that are asked in the examination.
  2. Make the Concepts Clear- Just mugging up the topics and fact won’t help you in the long run. Students should have a clear and concise idea of what the topic is all about and how to implement the same while solving the CBSE 10th question papers.
  3. Solve Sample Papers & Previous Year’s Question Papers- Students can have the idea of the difficulty level of questions and important topics through CBSE 10th question papers. Hence, it is mandatory to solve the maximum number of sample papers and previous year papers to get good marks in the examination.
  4. Revise Prepared Topics- To retain the information of facts and formulas for a longer duration, students should revise the prepare topics on a regular interval.

More like CBSE Class 10th

Questions related to CBSE Class 10th

Showing 2 out of 2 Questions

How can I cancel my Improvement form of class 10th?

Tamajit Student Expert 23rd Oct, 2019

Hi Arshad,

As per CBSE guidelines, there is no mention of a methodology for cancelling your improvement examination or nullify your candidature for the improvement examination. However, what you can do is you can skip the improvement examination only if you do not want to appear for the examination.

CBSE generates two separate marksheets for improvement candidates: one during the normal attempt of the examination and the other after the improvement examination which carries the marks of the improvement examination, thus you can show the mark sheet of your first or normal attempt and that way there is no evidence to prove the fact that you applied for the improvement examination. But do keep in mind that you must have an explanation for the academic gap that you are going to have between class X and class XII as that might be asked in your future places of academic enrollment.



can i opt for biocomputer after selecting basic maths in class 10 th

Sunanda Dhar Student Expert 24th Sep, 2019

yes you can opt for biocomputer after having maths at class 10.At class 10 leve basics are taught so can easily copeup with that.

Hope you find it helpful

let me know in the comment box if you are having any further doubts


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