NCERT Syllabus for Class 9 Science
Updated on Jan 28, 2020 - 11:40 a.m. IST by Apoorva Singh

NCERT syllabus for class 9 Science - CBSE and some state boards prescribes the NCERT class 9 syllabus for Science in their curriculum. The NCERT syllabus for class 9 Science includes all the topics and sub topics for Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Students can download the class 9th NCERT syllabus of science in PDF format from the official website of NCERT, i.e. The National Council of Educational Research Institute prepares the NCERT syllabus for class 9 keeping in mind the latest pattern of the examination. The NCERT syllabus for Class 9 science will help students in preparing the outline of contents, which will help in strategically planning the studies. NCERT syllabus plays an important role in preparing the foundation for higher classes. Read the complete article to get the direct links to download NCERT syllabus for class 9 science pdf. Also, check the complete 9th class science syllabus NCERT on this page.

NCERT syllabus for Class 9 science

The complete 9th class science syllabus NCERT 2020 is provided in the tables below. Students must refer to both the tables and start preparing for the exams accordingly.

NCERT syllabus of Class 9 science

NCERT syllabus for Class 9 science




Key concepts


Higher yields

  • What do we do to get higher yields in our farms?

  • Plant and animal breeding and selection for quality improvement

  • Use of fertilizers

  • Manures

  • Protection from pests and diseases

  • Organic farming.


Material in our clothing

  • What kinds of clothes help us keep cool?

  • Why do wet clothes feel cool?

  • Cooling by evaporation.

  • Absorption of heat.

Different kinds of materials

  • In what way are materials different from each other?

  • Is there some similarity in materials?

  • In how many ways can you group the different materials you see around?

  • How do solids, liquids and gases differ from each other?

  • Can materials exist in all three states?

  • All things occupy space, possess mass.

  • Definition of matter.

  • Solid, liquid and gas; characteristics – shape, volume, density

  • Change of state-melting, freezing, evaporation, condensation, sublimation.

What are things made of?

  • What are things around you made of?

  • What are the various types of chemical substances?

  • Do substances combine in a definite manner?

  • How do things combine with each other?

  • Are there any patterns which can help us guess how things will combine with each other?

  • How do chemists weigh and count particles of matter?

  • Elements, compounds and mixtures.

  • Heterogeneous and homogeneous mixtures.

  • Colloids and suspensions.

  • Equivalence – that x grams of A is chemically not equal to x grams of B.

  • Particle nature, basic units: atoms and molecules.

  • Law of constant proportions. Atomic and molecular masses.

  • Mole concept.

  • Relationship of mole to mass of the particles and numbers.

  • Valency.

  • Chemical formulae of common compounds.

What is there inside an atom?

  • Can we see an atom or a molecule under a microscope or by some other means?

  • What is there inside an atom?

  • Atoms are made up of smaller particles: electrons, protons, and neutrons.

  • These smaller particles are present in all the atoms but their numbers vary in different atoms.

  • Isotopes and isobars.

The World of the Living

Biological Diversity

  • How do the various plants around us differ from each other?

  • How are they similar?

  • What about animals?

  • How are they similar to and different from each other?

  • Diversity of plants and animals – basic issues in scientific naming

  • Basis of classification, Hierarchy of categories/groups

  • Major groups of plants (salient features) (Bacteria,Thallophyta, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms).

  • Major groups of animals (salient features) (Non- chordates up to phyla and Chordates up to classes).

What is the living being made up of?

  • What are we made up of ?

  • What are the different parts of our body?

  • What is the smallest living unit?

  • Cell as a basic unit of life; Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells

  • Multicellular organisms

  • Cell membrane and cell wall

  • Cell organelles: chloroplast, mitochondria, vacuoles, ER, Golgi Apparatus; nucleus, chromosomes – basic structure, number.

  • Tissues, organs, organ systems, organism.

  • Structure and functions of animal and plant tissues (four types in animals; meristematic and permanent tissues in plants).

How do we fall sick?

How do substances move from cell to cell?

  • What are the various causes of diseases?

  • How can diseases be prevented?

  • How can we remain healthy?

  • How do food and water move from cell to cell?

  • How do gases get into the cells?

  • What are the substances that living organisms exchange with the external world?

  • How do they obtain these substances?

  • Health and its failure.

  • Disease and its causes.

  • Diseases caused by microbes and their prevention – Typhoid, diarrhoea, malaria, hepatitis, rabies, AIDS, TB, polio; pulse polio programme.

  • Diffusion/exchange of substances between cells and their environment, and between the cells themselves in the living system

  • Role in nutrition, water and food transport, excretion, gaseous exchange.

Moving Things, People and Ideas


  • How do we describe motion?

  • Motion – displacement, velocity

  • Uniform and non-uniform motion along a straight line

  • Acceleration

  • Distance-time and velocity time graphs for uniform and uniformly accelerated motion

  • Elementary idea of uniform circular motion.

Force and Newton’s laws

  • What makes things change their state of motion?

  • Force and motion,

  • Newton’s laws of motion: inertia of a body, inertia and mass, momentum, force and acceleration.

  • Elementary idea of conservation of momentum, action and reaction forces.


  • What makes things fall?

  • Do all things fall in the same way?

  • Gravitation

  • Universal law of gravitation

  • Force of gravitation of the earth (gravity)

  • Acceleration due to gravity; mass and weight; free fall.

Work, energy and power

  • How do we measure work done in moving anything?

  • How does falling water make a mill run?

  • Work done by a force, energy, power

  • kinetic and potential energy

  • law of conservation of energy.

Floating bodies

  • How does a boat float on water?

  • Thrust and pressure.

  • Archimedes’ principle, buoyancy, elementary idea of relative density.

How do we hear from a distance?

  • How does sound travel?

  • What kind of sounds can we hear?

  • What is an echo?

  • How do we hear?

  • Nature of sound and its propagation in various media, speed of sound, range of hearing in humans

  • Ultrasound

  • Reflection of sound

  • Echo and sonar

  • Structure of the human ear (auditory aspect only).

How Things Work











Balance in Nature

  • Why do air, water and soil seem not to be consumed?

  • How does the presence of air support life on earth?

  • How have human activities created disturbances in the atmosphere?

  • How does nature work to maintain the balance of its components?

  • Physical resources: air, water, soil.

  • Air for respiration, for combustion, for moderating temperatures, movements of air and its role in bringing rains across India.

  • Air, water and soil pollution (brief introduction).

  • Holes in the ozone layer and the probable damages.

  • Biogeochemical cycles in nature: water, oxygen, carbon, nitrogen.

NCERT books for Class 9 science

There is one textbook for class 9 Science. The textbook carries all chapters from Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as prescribed in NCERT syllabus for class 9 science. The textbook of science explains all the chapters in a simple and easy language. Relevant diagrams are provided along with topics to simplify learning for the students. The NCERT book for class 9 Science also helps students in preparing for competitive examinations.

NCERT Solutions for Class 9

After every chapter, there are a certain number of questions provided for practice purposes. Students should read the complete chapter to solve the questions. These questions are based on the NCERT syllabus for class 9 science. Questions in the examination are mainly asked from the NCERT books only, hence students should practice all the questions carefully. NCERT solutions are provided for hassle-free learning of students. Download the solutions and refer to them while practicing questions.

Exam Preparation Tips for Class 9 Science

  • Go through the complete NCERT syllabus for class 9 science. Afterward, make a proper study plan and distribute time equally for Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.

  • Focus more on the clarity of concepts rather than mugging up.

  • To prepare for Physics, practice numerical questions as much as you can.

  • Solve previous year question papers and check your weak sections in chemistry and work on them.

  • Practice diagrams in the Biology section. Make short notes of the important topics.

Relevant Links

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) - NCERT Syllabus for Class 9 Science

Question: Are the NCERT practice questions enough to score good marks in the CBSE?


Yes, NCERT books are enough to score well in the CBSE exams.

Question: Can I get NCERT books online?


Yes, NCERT books are available online on the official website

Question: Is the NCERT book of Science available in the Hindi language?


Yes, NCERT books are available in the Hindi language.

Question: Is NCERT enough for competitive examinations?


NCERT books will be helpful for competitive examinations, yet you need to practice previous year papers and sample papers. 

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