NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 English
Updated on Jun 25, 2019 - 9:53 a.m. IST by Saumya.Srivastava
#CBSE Class 12th

NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 English - NCERT releases the Class 12th English syllabus that is followed by different CBSE and State Board schools. CBSE strictly follows the NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 English to add value in their curriculum. In class 12th, students can choose different streams like medical, non - medical, arts and commerce. However, the English subject is compulsory for all the students appearing for the class 12 board exam regardless of the stream they choose. By referring NCERT Syllabus for class 12 English, students can prepare this subject in a definite pattern. Students should gear up for English well, as this subject holds equal weightage for the CBSE class 12 exam. NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 English, Question Paper pattern, marking scheme and preparation tips for English along with section-wise details are mentioned in this article.

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NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 English

The question paper for class 12 English exam is differentiated into 3 sections as follows-


Section A

Reading Section


Section B

Writing Section


Section C

Literature Section

Section A - Reading Section

Section A of CBSE class 12th English paper carries a weightage of 30 marks.

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This section includes three passages. These are of the following types -

A. Two unseen passages with a variation of Very Short Answer/Short Answer or Multiple Choice type questions to test comprehension, interpretation and inference. Vocabulary such as word formation and inference of meaning is also tested.

The total length of the two passages should be between 1100 - 1200 words.

Six Multiple Choice type question and sixteen Very Short Answer Type Questions (total 22 Marks) is asked from these passages.

The passages include two of the following:

  • Factual passages, e.g., instructions, descriptions, reports.

  • Descriptive passages including opinion, e.g., argumentative, persuasive or interpretative text.

  • Literary passages, such as an extract from fiction, drama, poetry, essay or biography.

A poem can be of 28-35 lines.

The passages might be literary, or factual to test comprehensions. The length of one passage is between 600-700 words.

B. The third passage is of 400-500 words. Note-making and Abstraction are assessed.

i. One Short Answer Type Question is of 3 marks

ii. One Long Answer Type Question is to be answered in 80-100 words carries 5 marks

Section B - Writing Section

NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 English section-B is the writing section which carries a weightage of 30 marks. In this section, the different writing styles of the candidates are tested.

a. The choice will be given to attempt one question out of the given two Short Answer Questions based on any of the following

  1. Advertisement writing
  2. Notice writing
  3. Poster writing
  4. Formal and informal invitation and reply writing. – 4 Marks

b. The choice will be given to attempt one question out of the two Long Answer Questions that must be answered in 120-150 words. The questions will be based on any of the following -

Letter writing - based on verbal/visual input - 6 Marks

  • Letter types include Business or official letters (for making enquiries, registering complaints, asking for and giving information, placing orders and sending replies)

  • Letters to the editor (giving suggestions or opinion on an issue of public interest)

  • Application for a job

c. Two Very Long Answer Questions involves internal choice, to be attempted in 150-200 words. The questions are based on any of the following -

  1. Article writing

  2. Debate writing

  3. speech writing

  4. Report writing - (10x2=20 Marks)

Section C- Literature Section

The Literature section holds a weightage of 40 marks. The questions in this section are from the Literature text books and long reading texts.

Prescribed NCERT Book for Class 12 English paper are as follows -

  1. Flamingo

  2. Vistas

3. Students are free to choose any one out of the two prescribed books as Extended Reading Text. These are as follows-

i) The Invisible Man ( unabridged) by H.G.Wells

ii) Silas Marner (unabridged) by George Eliot

The type of questions asked from these prescribed Class 12 English books are as follows -

  • Very Short Answer Questions - This is based on an extract from poetry to test comprehension and appreciation. (4 Marks)

  • Students can attempt any four out of the given six Short Answer Questions based on prose/ drama/poetry from both texts. (12 Marks)

  • They can attempt any one out of the given two Long Answer Questions which are to be answered in 120-150 words to test global comprehension a beyond the texts. (6 Marks)

  • Candidates can attempt any one out of the given two Long Answer Questions to be answered in 120-150 words to test global comprehension along with analysis. (6 Marks)

  • Any one out of the given two Long Answer Questions is to be answered in 120-150 words based on theme, plot and incidents from the prescribed novels. (6 Marks)

  • Candidates can attempt any one out of the given two Long Answer Questions in 120-150 words - based on understanding appreciation, analysis and interpretation of character sketch. (6 Marks)

Also, read NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 Physics

Benefits of NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 English:

  • CBSE Class 12 Syllabus offers in-depth knowledge in easy language for better understanding

  • It helps in the preparation of competitive exams like JEE, NEET and scholarship exams such as KVPY.

  • The NCERT English syllabus for class 12 instructs students to organize their study schedule by making a proper plan for preparation.

  • NCERT Syllabus for class 12 English gives a clear idea about the topics that are required to study during the course.

  • It also mentions the weightage of different units and chapters which gives an overview of the marks-distribution of the exam. It assists students to understand the importance of topics and chapters in the exam.

CBSE Class 12 English Preparation Tips:

Reading Section:

  • This section involves comprehensions. Students are provided question papers 5 mins earlier for the reading.

  • They are advised to read this section in that time after going through the entire paper at a glance.

  • This will help them to understand the central idea of the comprehension which will let them answer the same in less time.

  • A lot of reading should be included in the routine for the broadening of imagination, perspective and thoughts.

  • Students should not spend more than 45 minutes in attempting this section.

Writing Section:

  • This section involves the writing of - letters, emails, notices, report writing, paragraphs etc.

  • Students should go through the format of each of these and practise for the same at least twice before appearing for the exam.

  • Do not rush while attempting this section. Stay calm and show the creativity while attempting this section.

  • Keep it simple yet appealing.


  • This is the section where you can score well as it’s based on your understanding of the chapters.

  • Do not exaggerate your answers as if you’ll write unnecessary details it’ll kill your time.

  • Give the answers briefly as per the word count.


Also, read NCERT Books for Class 12 Chemistry

More like CBSE Class 12th

Questions related to CBSE Class 12th

Showing 33 out of 33 Questions

if Im "general pwd candidate",what is the minimum 12th percentage required to get into Nits?and also is there any separate minimum percentage required to get in individual subject?(i.e. general candidate minimum of 75% in required,so this means 75% in each subject or its total of all subjects)

Manish Singh 29th Feb, 2020

To get into any NITs,IIITs and  CFTIs a general candidate has to get 75% percentage aggregate in his\her class 12 or be in top 20 percentile in the board exams. For SC/ST/PwD candidate, 65% aggregate is required to be eligible to get admission in nits. No individual subjects marks are required.


Is grazing emergence same as critical angle?

Charvi Nayyar 29th Feb, 2020

hello aspirant

When the angle of incidence for a prism is 90 degree then the ray just grazes along the surface of the prism . This is known as grazing incidence and in this case the angle of refraction at the first refracting surface is equal to the critical angle of the material of the prism.

hope this helps


what will happen if I dont give one of my 12 improvement exam?plz reply fast plz?

shivam ranjan 24th Feb, 2020

hello aspirant...

There will not be any problem if you don't give improvement exam after applying for it as it is not mandatory exam. Your old result will remain valid even if you quit improvement exam.



1 View

is physical education included in Mark sheet which will increase the total??

TANUJ JAIN 24th Feb, 2020

Hi James,

As per my knowledge for CBSE Board the students will be graded for their physical education based on tests conducted by the school. However, it will be included in the mark sheet, but will not have an impact on the overall assessment of the student.

Hope this helped,

Thank You.


Will the overall aggregate be calculated out of all 5 subjects or the better 4?

Md Azmer 23rd Feb, 2020

Hello Aspirant,

The aggregated will be calculated with the best 4 subjects. But in some entrance it is all 5 subjects.

Good Luck

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