NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 5 Lines and Angles -Download PDF

# NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 5 Lines and Angles -Download PDF

Edited By Ramraj Saini | Updated on Feb 07, 2024 05:09 PM IST

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 5 Lines and Angles - Topics like how to identify different lines, line segments, and angles in the shapes are dealt with in NCERT of Class 6. In this chapter, we deal with lines, different kinds of angles and their measurements. The solutions of NCERT maths chapter 5 lines and angles class 7 give an explanation to all these questions. These NCERT Solutions are given here with a step-by-step explanation of each and every problem of NCERT textbook. In this chapter students are always confused between a line, a ray and a line-segment. So, let's discuss each term one by one- A line segment has two endpoints. If we extend these two endpoints in either direction endlessly, we get a line.

In the NCERT solutions for Class 7 Maths chapter 5 lines and angles, we will study questions related to different kinds of angles like complementary angles, adjacent angles, supplementary angles, vertically opposite angles; pairs of lines like intersecting lines, transversal and many more. Here you will get . Before going through the solutions, it is advisable that students must refer to the NCER Class 7 Maths Syllabus and know the exam pattern and important topics.

## NCERT Solutions for Maths Chapter 5 Lines and Angles Class 7- Important Formulae

Complementary angles: ∠A + ∠B = 90°

Supplementary angles: ∠A + ∠B = 180°

Linear pair: ∠1 + ∠2 = 180°

If two parallel lines are intersected by a transversal line then:

• Pairs of alternate interior or exterior angles are equal
• Pairs of corresponding angles are equal
• Interior angles on the same side of the transversal are supplementary

## NCERT Solutions for Maths Chapter 5 Lines and Angles Class 7 - Important Points

Following are some important points discussed in lines and angles class 7.

Complementary angles: Angles ∠A and ∠B are complementary if their measures add up to 90 degrees.

Supplementary angles: Angles ∠A and ∠B are supplementary if their measures add up to 180 degrees.

Adjacent angles: Have a common vertex and a common arm but no common arm on either side of the common arm.

Linear pair: It is a pair of the adjacent angles whose non-common sides are opposite rays and the sum of both angles are 180°.

Vertically opposite angles: When two lines are intersected, vertically opposite angles formed are equal.

If two parallel lines are intersected by a transversal line then,

Pairs of alternate interior or exterior angles are equal.

Pairs of corresponding angles are equal.

Interior angles on the same side of the transversal are supplementary.

Free download NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 5 Lines and Angles PDF for CBSE Exam.

## NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 5 Lines and Angles Topic 5.2.1

Answer: Yes, two acute angles can be complementary to each other.

For e.g. Acute angles $20^{\circ}$ and $70^{\circ}$ are complementary angle as their sum is $90^{\circ}$ .

Since obtuse angles are greater than $90^{\circ}$ . Thus two obtuse angles cannot be a complement to each other. (as the sum of complementary angles is $90^{\circ}$ .)

Answer: The sum of angles in complementary angles is $180^{\circ}$ . Thus two right angles cannot be complementary to each other.

Answer: Sum of the angles in the given figure is : $=\ 70^{\circ}\ +\ 20^{\circ}\ =\ 90^{\circ}$

Thus two angles are complementary to each other.

Answer: The sum of the two angles is : $=\ 75^{\circ}\ +\ 25^{\circ}\ =\ 100^{\circ}$

In complementary angles sum of the angles is $90^{\circ}$ . Hence given pair of angles are not complementary.

Answer: We know that the sum angles of complementary angles is $90^{\circ}$ .

In the given figure: Sum of angles is $=\ 48^{\circ}\ +\ 52^{\circ}\ =\ 100^{\circ}$

Hence given pair of angles are not complementary.

Answer: The sum of the two angles is : $=\ 35^{\circ}\ +\ 55^{\circ}\ =\ 90^{\circ}$

In complementary angles sum of the angles is $90^{\circ}$ . Hence given pair of angles are complementary to each other.

Answer: We know that the sum of complementary angles is $90^{\circ}$ .

Thus the complement of the given angle is : $\Theta \ =\ 90^{\circ}\ -\ 45^{\circ}\ =\ 45^{\circ}$

Answer: The sum of complementary angles are $90^{\circ}$ .

Thus the required angle is : $=\ 90^{\circ}\ -\ 65^{\circ}\ =\ 25^{\circ}$

Answer: We know that the sum of complementary angles is $90^{\circ}$ .

Hence the required complement of the given angle is : $\Theta \ =\ 90^{\circ}\ -\ 41^{\circ}\ =\ 49^{\circ}$

Answer: We know that the sum of complementary angles is $90^{\circ}$ .

Hence the complement of the given angle is : $\Theta \ =\ 90^{\circ}\ -\ 54^{\circ}\ =\ 36^{\circ}$

Answer: Let one of the angles be $\Theta$ .

It is given that the angles are complementary to each other. So the other angle will be $90^{\circ}\ -\ \Theta$ .

Further, it is given that the difference of the angle is 12.

So the equation is : $90^{\circ}\ -\ \Theta\ -\ \Theta\ =\ 12^{\circ}$

or $2\Theta\ =\ 90^{\circ}\ -\ 12^{\circ}$

or $\Theta\ =\ 39^{\circ}$

Hence the two angles are $39^{\circ}$ and $51^{\circ}$ .

## NCERT Solutions for Maths Chapter 5 Lines and Angles Class 7 Topic 5.2.2

Answer: No, two obtuse angles cannot be supplementary as their the sum of angles will exceed $180^{\circ}$ .

Answer: No two acute angles cannot be supplementary.

For being the supplementary angles their sum should be $180^{\circ}$ .

But the acute angles are less than $90^{\circ}$ . Hence their maximum doesn't reach $180^{\circ}$ .

Answer: Yes, two right angles are supplementary as their sum is $180^{\circ}$ .

Answer: We know that the sum of the supplementary angle is $180^{\circ}$ .

(i) Sum of the angles is : $=\ 110^{\circ}\ +\ 50^{\circ}\ =\ 160^{\circ}$ . Hence the angles are not supplementary.

(ii) Sum of the angles is : $=\ 105^{\circ}\ +\ 65^{\circ}\ =\ 170^{\circ}$ . Thus the angles are not supplementary.

(iii) Sum of the angles is : $=\ 50^{\circ}\ +\ 130^{\circ}\ =\ 180^{\circ}$ . Hence the angles are supplementary to each other.

(iv) Sum of the angles is : $=\ 45^{\circ}\ +\ 45^{\circ}\ =\ 90^{\circ}$ . Thus the angles are not supplement to each other.

## NCERT Solutions for Maths Chapter 5 Lines and Angles Class 7 Topic 5.2.3

For e.g., $40^{\circ}$ and $140^{\circ}$ can be two adjacent angles which are supplementary angles.

For e.g., adjacent angles $40^{\circ}$ and $50^{\circ}$ are complementary angles.

Answer: Yes, two obtuse angles can be adjacent for e.g., $100^{\circ}$ and $150^{\circ}$ can be adjacent angles.

Answer: Yes, the acute angle can be adjacent to an obtuse angle.

For e.g., $20^{\circ}$ and $120^{\circ}$ can be adjacent angles.

(a) they have a common vertex

(b) they have common arm

Hence in the given figures:-

(i) These angles are adjacent angles as they agree above conditions.

(ii) The angles are adjacent angles.

(iii) These angles are not adjacent as their vertices are different.

(v) The angles are adjacent angles.

(a) $\angle AOB$ and $\angle BOC$
(b) $\angle BOD$ and $\angle BOC$

Answer: (a) $\angle AOB$ and $\angle BOC$ are adjacent angles as they have common vertex and share a common arm.

(b) $\angle BOD$ and $\angle BOC$ are not adjacent angles as $\angle BOC$ is contained in $\angle BOD$ .

## NCERT Solutions for C lass 7 Maths Chapter 5 Lines and Angles Topic 5.2.4

Answer: No two acute angles cannot form a linear pair. As the sum of angles in the linear pair is $180^{\circ}$ .

But the acute angles have their maximum value of $90^{\circ}$ thus their sum cannot be $180^{\circ}$ .

Answer: No two obtuse angles cannot form a linear pair as their sum will exceed $180^{\circ}$ , but the sum of angles in linear pair is $180^{\circ}$ .

Answer: Yes, two right angles will form a linear pair as their sum is $180^{\circ}$ which is the sum of angles in linear pair.

Answer: The sum angles of linear pair is $180^{\circ}$ .

(i) Sum of the given angles is : $=\ 40^{\circ}\ +\ 140^{\circ}\ =\ 180^{\circ}$ . Thus these are linear pair.

(ii) Sum of the given angles is : $=\ 60^{\circ}\ +\ 60^{\circ}\ =\ 120^{\circ}$ . Thus these are not linear pair.

(iii) Sum of the given angles is : $=\ 90^{\circ}\ +\ 80^{\circ}\ =\ 170^{\circ}$ . Thus these are not a linear pair.

(iv) Sum of the given angles is : $=\ 115^{\circ}\ +\ 65^{\circ}\ =\ 180^{\circ}$ . Thus these are linear pair.

## NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 5 Lines and Angles Topic 5.2.5

Answer: From the given figure :

(a) $\angle 1\ =\ \angle 3\ =\ 30^{\circ}$ (Vertically opposite angles)

(b) $\angle 2\ =\ 180^{\circ}\ -\ \angle 1\ =\ 150^{\circ}$ (Linear pair)

Answer: The very common example of vertically opposite angle is scissors. Its arms form vertically opposite angles.

## NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 5 Lines and Angles Topic 5.3.1

Answer: The floor and the pillars in the house are at the right angle. Apart from this, the walls are perpendicular to the floor.

Answer: We know that the opposite sides of the rectangle are equal and parallel to each other.

Then for two interior angles on the same side of the transversal, we can write :

$\angle A\ +\ \angle B\ =\ 180^{\circ}$

Also, $\angle A\ =\ \angle B$ (Since opposite sides are equal)

Thus $\angle A\ =\ \angle B\ =\ 90^{\circ}$

Answer: No, it is not necessary that lines always intersect at right angles. The lines may form an acute angle (another angle will be obtuse as to form a linear pair).

## NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 5 Lines and Angles Topic 5.3.2

Answer: We can draw infinite transversals from these two lines.

Answer: We know that transversal cuts lines at distinct points. Thus if a transversal cuts 3 lines then it will have 3 intersecting points.

Answer: Few examples of the transversal are road crossing of different railway line crossing the other lines. Transversal intersects lines at a distinct point.

(i)

Answer: The given pair of angles are corresponding angles.

(ii)

Answer: The given pair of angles are alternate interior angles.

Answer: The angles shown are pair of interior angles.

Answer: These are a pair of corresponding angles.

(v)

Answer: The angles shown are pair of alternate interior angles.

Answer: The given angles are linear pairs of angles as they form a straight line.

## NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 5 Lines and Angles Exercise 5.1

Answer: The sum of the complementary angle is $90^{\circ}$ .

Thus the complementary angle to the given angle is : $=\ 90^{\circ}\ -\ 20^{\circ}\ =\ 70^{\circ}$

Answer: The sum of the complementary angle is $90^{\circ}$ .

Thus the complementary angle to the given angle is : $=\ 90^{\circ}\ -\ 63^{\circ}\ =\ 27^{\circ}$

Answer: The sum of the complement angles is $90^{\circ}$ .

Thus the complement of the angle is given by : $=\ 90^{\circ}\ -\ 57^{\circ}\ =\ 33^{\circ}$

Answer: We know that sum of supplement angles is $180^{\circ}$

The supplement of the given angle is : $=\ 180^{\circ}\ -\ 105^{\circ}\ =\ 75^{\circ}$

Answer: We know that the sum of angles of supplementary pair is $180^{\circ}$ .

Thus the supplement of the given angle is : $=\ 180^{\circ}\ -\ 87^{\circ}\ =\ 93^{\circ}$

Answer: We know that the sum of angles of supplementary pair is $180^{\circ}$ .

Thus the supplement of the given angle is :

$=\ 180^{\circ}\ -\ 154^{\circ}\ =\ 26^{\circ}$

Answer: We know that the sum of supplementary angles is $180^{\circ}$ and the sum of complementary angle is $90^{\circ}$ .

(i) Sum of the angles is : $65^{\circ}\ +\ 115^{\circ}\ =\ 180^{\circ}$ . Hence these are supplementary angles.

(ii) Sum of the angles is : $63^{\circ}\ +\ 27^{\circ}\ =\ 90^{\circ}$ . Hence these are complementary angles.

(iii) Sum of the angles is : $112^{\circ}\ +\ 68^{\circ}\ =\ 180^{\circ}$ . Hence these are supplementary angles.

(iv) Sum of the angles is : $130^{\circ}\ +\ 50^{\circ}\ =\ 180^{\circ}$ . Hence these are supplementary angles.

(v) Sum of the angles is : $45^{\circ}\ +\ 45^{\circ}\ =\ 90^{\circ}$ . Hence these are complementary angles.

(vi) Sum of the angles is : $80^{\circ}\ +\ 10^{\circ}\ =\ 90^{\circ}$ . Hence these are complementary angles.

Answer: Let the required angle be $\Theta$ .

Then according to question, we have :

$\Theta\ +\ \Theta\ =\ 90^{\circ}$

or $2\Theta\ =\ 90^{\circ}$

or $\Theta\ =\ 45^{\circ}$

Answer: Let the required angle be $\Theta$ .

Then according to the question :

$\Theta\ +\ \Theta \ =\ 180^{\circ}$

or $2\Theta \ =\ 180^{\circ}$

or $\Theta \ =\ 90^{\circ}$

Hence the angle is $90^{\circ}$ .

Answer: Since it is given that $\angle 1$ and $\angle 2$ are supplementary angles, i.e. the sum of both angles is $180^{\circ}$ .

Thus if $\angle 1$ is decreased then to maintain the sum $\angle 2$ needs to be increased.

(i) acute ? (ii) obtuse ? (iii) right ?

Answer: We know that the sum of supplementary angles is $180^{\circ}$ .

(i) The maximum value of the sum of two acute angles is less than $180^{\circ}$ . Thus two acute angles can never be supplementary.

(ii) The minimum value of the sum of two obtuse angles is more than $180^{\circ}$ . Thus two obtuse angles can never be supplementary.

(iii) Sum of two right angles is $180^{\circ}$ . Hence two right angles are supplementary.

Answer: We know that the sum of two complementary angles is $90^{\circ}$ .

Thus if one of the angles is greater than $45^{\circ}$ then the other angle needs to be less than $45^{\circ}$ .

(i) Is $\angle 1$ adjacent to $\angle 2$ ?
(ii) Is $\angle AOC$ adjacent to $\angle AOE$ ?

(iii) Do $\angle COE$ and $\angle EOD$ form a linear pair?
(iv) Are $\angle BOD$ and $\angle DOA$ supplementary?
(v) Is $\angle 1$ vertically opposite to $\angle 4$ ?
(vi) What is the vertically opposite angle of $\angle 5$ ?

Answer: (i) Yes, $\angle 1$ adjacent to $\angle 2$ as these have the same vertex and have one common arm.

(ii) No, $\angle AOC$ is not adjacent to $\angle AOE$ . This is because $\angle AOE$ contains $\angle AOC$ .

(iii) Yes the given angles form a linear pair as they are pair of supplementary angles.

(iv) Since BOA is a straight line thus the given angles are supplementary.

(v) Yes, $\angle 1$ and $\angle 4$ are vertically opposite angles as they are the angles formed by two intersecting straight lines.

(vi) The vertically opposite angle to $\angle 5$ is $\left ( \angle 2\ +\ \angle 3 \right )$ .

(i) Vertically opposite angles.

Answer: The vertically opposite pairs are :

(a) $\angle 1$ and $\angle 4$

(b) $\angle 5$ and $\left ( \angle 2\ +\ \angle 3 \right )$

(ii) Linear pairs

Answer: The sum of angles in linear pair is $180^{\circ}$ .

Thus the linear pairs are :

(a) $\angle 1\ and\ \angle 5$

(b) $\angle 4\ and\ \angle 5$

Answer: No, $\angle 1$ and $\angle 2$ are not adjacent angles as their vertex is not same/common.

For being adjacent angles the pair must have a common vertex and have a common arm.

(i) $\angle x\ =\ 55^{\circ}$ (Vertically opposite angle)

(ii) $\angle y\ =\ 180^{\circ}\ -\ 55^{\circ}\ =\ 125^{\circ}$ (Linear pair)

(iii) $\angle y\ =\ \angle z\ =\ 125^{\circ}$ (Vertically opposite angle)

Answer: From the figure we can observe that :

(i) $\angle z\ =\ 40^{\circ}$ (Vertically opposite angle)

(ii) $\angle x\ =\ 180^{\circ}\ -\ 40^{\circ}\ -\ 25^{\circ}\ =\ 115^{\circ}$ (Linear pair/straight line)

(iii) $\angle y\ =\ 180^{\circ}\ -\ \angle z\ =\ 140^{\circ}$ (Vertically opposite angle).

(i) If two angles are complementary, then the sum of their measures is _______.

(ii) If two angles are supplementary, then the sum of their measures is ______.

(iii) Two angles forming a linear pair are _______________.

(iv) If two adjacent angles are supplementary, they form a ___________.

(v) If two lines intersect at a point, then the vertically opposite angles are always _____________.

(vi) If two lines intersect at a point, and if one pair of vertically opposite angles are acute angles, then the other pair of vertically opposite angles are __________.

Answer: (i) $90^{\circ}$

(ii) $180^{\circ}$

(iii) Supplementary angles

(iv) Straight line

(v) equal

(vi) obtuse angles (as they form a line).

(i) Obtuse vertically opposite angles
(iii) Equal supplementary angles
(iv) Unequal supplementary angles
(v) Adjacent angles that do not form a linear pair

Answer: (i) $\angle AOD\ and\ \angle BOC$ are the vertically obtuse angles.

(ii) $\angle AOB\ and\ \angle AOE$ are the complementary angles.

(iii) $\angle BOE\ and\ \angle DOE$ are the equal supplementary angles.

(iv) $\angle BOC\ and\ \angle COD$ are the unequal pair of supplementary angle.

(v) $\angle AOB\ and\ \angle AOE$ , $\angle EOD\ and\ \angle COD$ and $\angle AOE\ and\ \angle EOD$ are adjacent angles but are not supplementary angles.

## NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 5 Lines and Angles Exercise 5.2

(i) If $a\parallel b$ , then $\angle 1= \angle 5$ .

Answer: The statement "If $a\parallel b$ , then $\angle 1= \angle 5$ " is true using the corresponding angles property .

(ii) If $\angle 4=\angle 6$ , then $a\parallel b.$

Answer: The property used here is 'alternate interior angle property'.

(iii) If $\angle 4+\angle 5= 180^{o}$ , then $a\parallel b.$

Answer: The property used here is ' Interior angles on the same side of the transversal are a pair of supplementary angles '.

(i) the pairs of corresponding angles.
(ii) the pairs of alternate interior angles.
(iii) the pairs of interior angles on the same side of the transversal.
(iv) the vertically opposite angles.

Answer: (i) Corresponding angles :- $\angle 1\ and\ \angle 5$ , $\angle 2\ and\ \angle 6$ , $\angle 3\ and\ \angle 7$ , $\angle 4\ and\ \angle 8$

(ii) Alternate interior angles :- $\angle 2\ and\ \angle 8$ , $\angle 3\ and\ \angle 5$ ,

(iii) Alternate angles on the same side of traversal :- $\angle 2\ and\ \angle 5$ , $\angle 3\ and\ \angle 8$

(iv) Vertically opposite angles :- $\angle 1\ and\ \angle 3$ , $\angle 2\ and\ \angle 4$ , $\angle 5\ and\ \angle 7$ , $\angle 6\ and\ \angle 8$

Answer: The angles can be found using different properties:

(a) $\angle e\ =\ 180^{\circ}\ -\ 125^{\circ}\ =\ 55^{\circ}$ (The angles are linear pair)

(b) $\angle e\ =\ \angle f\ =\ 55^{\circ}$ (Vertically opposite angle)

(c) $\angle d\ =\ 125^{\circ}$ (Corresponding angle)

(d) $\angle d\ =\ \angle b\ =\ 125^{\circ}$ (Vertically opposite angle)

(e) $\angle a\ =\ \angle c\ =\ 180^{\circ}\ -\ 125^{\circ}\ =\ 55^{\circ}$ (Vertically opposite angel, linear pair).

Answer: The linear pair of the $110^{\circ}$ is : $\Theta \ =\ 180^{\circ}\ -\ 110^{\circ}\ =\ 70^{\circ}$

Thus the value of x is : $x\ =\ 70^{\circ}$ (Corresponding angles of parallel lines are equal).

Answer: The value of x is $100^{\circ}$ , as these are the corresponding angles.

$(i) \angle DGC$

$(ii)\angle DEF$

Answer: (i) Since side AB is parallel to DG.

Thus : $\angle DGC\ =\ 70^{\circ}$ (Corresponding angles of parallel arms are equal.)

(ii) Further side BC is parallel to EF.

We have : $\angle DEF\ =\ \angle DGC\ =\ 70^{\circ}$ (Corresponding angles of parallel arms are equal.)

Answer: (i) In this case. the sum of the interior angle is $126^{\circ}\ +\ 44^{\circ}\ =\ 170^{\circ}$ thus l is not parallel to m.\

(ii) In this case, also l is not parallel to m as the corresponding angle cannot be $75^{\circ}$ (Linear pair will not form).

(iii) In this l and m are parallel. This is because the corresponding angle is $57^{\circ}$ and it forms linear pair with $123^{\circ}$ .

(iv) The lines are not parallel as the linear pair not form. (Since the corresponding angle will be $72^{\circ}$ otherwise.)

## Lines and Angles Class 7 Maths Chapter 5-Topics

• Related Angles
• Pairs Of Lines
• Checking For Parallel Lines

### NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter Wise

 Chapter No. Chapter Name Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Lines and Angles Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14 Chapter 15 Visualising Solid Shapes

### Benefits of NCERT solutions for Class 7 Maths chapter 5 Lines and Angles:

• Solving homework is an easy task with solutions of NCERT Class 7 Maths chapter 5 Lines and Angles in hand.
• Questions of similar type from CBSE NCERT solutions for Class 7 Maths chapter 5 are expected for the Class exams.
• Practice all the questions from NCERT solutions for Class 7 Maths chapter 5 Lines and Angles to score well in the exam.

Also Check NCERT Books and NCERT Syllabus here:

1. Why we study lines and angles?

Lines and angles which are discussed in chapter 5 maths class 7 are the basics of geometry. It will be definitely useful in higher studies. Not only in mathematics but in almost all the subjects. Students can download lines and angles class 7 pdf to study both online and offline.

2. What are the topics covered in NCERT Class 7 Maths Chapter 5

Here are the topics are covered in NCERT solution Class 7 chapter 5

• Related Angles
• Pairs Of Lines
• Checking For Parallel Lines

Students can study lines and angles class 7 pdf  both online and offline.

3. Write the different types of angles

Following is a list of different types of angles that are discussed in NCERT Maths class 7 chapter 5

• Acute Angles.
• Obtuse Angles.
• Right Angles.
• Straight Angles.
• Reflex Angles.
• Full Rotation.

Students can find these concepts in lines and angles class 7 pdf which can be downloaded form official website of Careers360.

4. What are complementary and supplementary angles discussed in NCERT maths class 7 chapter 5

According to NCERT maths class 7 chapter 5:

• Complementary angles are two angles whose sum is 90 degrees. In other words, they "complete" each other to form a right angle.
• Supplementary angles are two angles whose sum is 180 degrees. They form a straight line when placed next to each other.
5. What's the difference between adjacent and linear pairs of angles?

According to chapter 5 class 7 maths the difference between adjacent and linear pairs of angles is:

• Adjacent angles share a common vertex and a common side but don't overlap. They are side by side.
• Linear pairs are adjacent angles that form a straight line when combined. The sum of their measures is always 180 degrees.

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