NCERT syllabus for class 11 Chemistry: Students preparing for class 11 Chemistry exam must go through NCERT Class 11 Chemistry syllabus. It will guide them to make the strategy for their preparation. This syllabus is also important for KVPY exam and other after 12th entrance exams such as JEE Main, NEET etc. As per NCERT Syllabus for class 11 chemistry, Chemical Thermodynamics, Organic Chemistry and Structure of Atom are the most important topics for CBSE and other board exams. CBSE has also published the Syllabus for class 11 chemistry which is based on the NCERT syllabus. In CBSE, there are 37 questions asked in the exam which carry 70 marks in total and CBSE also conducts practical examination for 30 marks. So, NCERT syllabus for class 11 Chemistry is helpful to organize the study and have an overview of the topics and chapters to gain good marks.

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NCERT syllabus for class 11 Chemistry

Highlights of NCERT Syllabus for Class 11 Chemistry

  • This syllabus consists of 14 units and chapters which need to study for annual and terminal exams.

  • It provides the idea about the important topics of the syllabus through the overview of the marking scheme.

  • Chemistry is the high weightage part of entrance exams and scholarship exam. In the KVPY scholarship exam, around 20 questions are asked from chemistry which carries around 25 marks.

  • This article also describes the CBSE class 11 chemistry syllabus for the practical examination which has weightage of 30 marks in total.

  • NCERT devised two books to cover the entire 11th class Physic syllabus. NCERT books are followed by most of the academic boards as it is.

Unit-wise NCERT Solution for class 11 Chemistry and syllabus

Detailed NCERT syllabus for class 11 Chemistry

The table below describes the topics-wise syllabus of all the chapter needs to study for the exam, check it below:

NCERT CBSE 11th class Chemistry Syllabus

Chapter/Unit Name


Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

Nature of Matter, Uncertainty in Measurement, Atomic and Molecular, Mole Concept and Molar Masses, Laws of Chemical Combinations, Percentage Composition, Dalton’s Atomic Theory, Stoichiometry and Stoichiometric Calculations, etc.

Structure of Atom

Discovery of Sub-atomic Particles, Atomic Models, Developments Leading to the Bohr’s Model of Atom, Bohr’s Model for Hydrogen Atom, Towards Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom, Quantum Mechanical Model of Atom, etc.

Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

Genesis of Periodic Classification, Configurations of Elements and the Periodic Table, Modern Periodic Law and the present form of the Periodic Table, Nomenclature of Elements with Atomic Numbers > 100, Electronic, etc.

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

Ionic or Electrovalent Bond, Bond Parameters, VSEPR Theory, Valence Bond Theory, Hybridisation, Molecular Orbital Theory, Bonding in Some Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules, Hydrogen Bonding, etc.

States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

Intermolecular Forces vs Thermal Interactions, The Gaseous State, The Gas Laws, Ideal Gas Equation, Kinetic Energy and Molecular Speeds, Kinetic Molecular, Theory of Gases, Behaviour of Real Gases, Liquefaction of Gases, Liquid State, etc.

Chemical Thermodynamics

Thermodynamic Terms, Applications, First law of thermodynamics, Enthalpies for Different Types of Reactions, Spontaneity, Gibbs Energy Change and Equilibrium, etc.


Equilibrium in Chemical and physical processes, Dynamic Equilibrium, equilibrium constant, Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Equilibria, Factors Affecting Equilibrium, Ionic Equilibrium, Buffer Solutions, etc.

Redox Reactions

Oxidation and Reduction Reactions, redox reactions, Oxidation Number, Redox Reactions and Electrode Processes, etc.


Position of Hydrogen in the Periodic Table, Dihydrogen - Preparation and Properties, Hydrides, Water, Hydrogen Peroxide, Heavy Water, etc.

s -Block Elements

Group 1 and Group 2 Elements - Introduction, General Characteristics, Anomalous Properties of Lithium and Beryllium, Some Important Compounds of Sodium and Calcium, etc.

p -Block Elements

Group 13 Elements - The Boron Family, Important Trends and Anomalous Properties of Boron, Uses of Boron and Aluminium and their Compounds.

Group 14 Elements - Carbon Family, Important Trends, Anomalous Behaviour and Allotropes of Carbon, etc.

Organic Chemistry: Some Basic Principles and Techniques

General Introduction, Tetravalence of Carbon: Shapes of Organic Compounds, Structural Representations, Classification and Nomenclature of Organic Compounds, Isomerism, Methods of Purification, Qualitative Analysis and Quantitative Analysis of Organic Compounds, etc.


Classification, Alkanes, Aromatic Hydrocarbon, Alkenes, Carcinogenicity and Toxicity, Alkynes, etc.

Environmental Chemistry

Environmental Pollution, Atmospheric Pollution, Water Pollution, Soil Pollution, Industrial Waste, Strategies to control Environmental Pollution, Green Chemistry, etc.

Important topics of NCERT Syllabus for Class 11 Chemistry

  • Chemical bonding

  • Chemical Thermodynamics

  • Organic Chemistry

  • Structure of Atom

  • Reaction mechanism

CBSE 11th class Chemistry Marking Scheme

After knowing the NCERT Syllabus for class 11 Chemistry, one should know the marking scheme and pattern of the exam which will aid them to know the types of questions asked in the exam. The marking scheme is provided in the table below along with typology of questions, candidates can check the same:

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Typology of questions

Number of questions


Very Short Answer type Questions




Short Answer type Questions




Long Answer-I type Questions




Long Answer-II type Questions




Total Questions



Click here for complete NCERT solution for class 11

How to download NCERT syllabus for class 11 Chemistry?

  • Students can download NCERT class 11 Chemistry from the official website of NCERT.

  • To ease of students, we provided the direct links to download pdf files of NCERT and CBSE class 11 chemistry syllabus.

  • Candidates can download the same using the links given in the table below.

Download Links of NCERT syllabus for class 11 Chemistry

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