NCERT Syllabus for class 8 Maths
Updated on Jan 10, 2020 - 9:54 a.m. IST by Apoorva Singh

NCERT Syllabus for Class 8 Maths - NCERT provides the Mathematics syllabus for class 8 online on NCERT Class 8 Maths syllabus is available in PDF form. NCERT Class 8th syllabus of Maths provides all the chapters and topics included in the NCERT textbooks. National Council of Educational Research and Training prescribes the NCERT Syllabus for class 8 Maths which is adopted by many academic boards including CBSE. The NCERT syllabus of class 8 is a foundation stone for higher education. NCERT designs the syllabus as per the latest pattern, so this is important for class 8 exams as well as for competitive examinations. For the ease of students, downloadable links for each chapter is provided in this article. Read further to know the important topics of NCERT Syllabus for Class 8 Maths, prescribed books and preparation tips.

NCERT Syllabus for Class 8 Maths

In the table below, the detailed syllabus of NCERT class 8 is given. Students can check the chapter wise important topics from the table.

Links to download Chapter wise solution


Rational Numbers

  • Properties of Rational Numbers

  • Commutativity

  • Associativity

  • Negative of a number

  • Reciprocal

  • Distributivity of multiplication over addition for rational numbers

  • Representation of Rational Numbers on the Number Line

  • Rational Numbers between Two Rational Numbers

Linear Equations in One Variable

  • Solving Equations which have Linear Expressions on one Side and Numbers on the Other Side

  • Solving Equations having the Variable on both Sides

  • Applications

  • Reducing Equations to Simpler Form

  • Equations Reducible to the Linear Form

Understanding Quadrilaterals

  • Polygons

  • Sum of the Measures of the Exterior Angles of a Polygon

  • Kinds of Quadrilaterals

  • Parallelogram

  • A rectangle

  • A square

Practical Geometry

  • Constructing a Quadrilateral When two diagonals and three sides are given

  • Some Special Cases

Data Handling

  • Looking for Information

  • Organising Data

  • Grouping Data

  • Circle Graph or Pie Chart

  • Chance and Probability

Squares and Square Roots

  • Properties of Square Numbers

  • Finding the Square of a Number

  • Pythagorean triplets

  • Square Roots

  • Finding square root through prime factorisation

  • Square Roots of Decimals

  • Estimating Square Root

Cubes and Cube Roots

  • Cubes

  • Cube Roots

  • Cube root of a cube number

Comparing Quantities

  • Ratios and Percentages

  • Finding the Increase or Decrease percent

  • Finding Discounts

  • Prices Related to Buying and Selling (Profit and Loss)

  • Sales Tax/Value Added Tax/Goods and Services Tax

  • Compound Interest

  • Deducing a Formula for Compound Interest

  • Rate Compounded Annually or Half Yearly (Semi-Annually)

  • Applications of Compound Interest Formula

Algebraic Expressions and Identities

  • Terms

  • Factors and Coefficients

  • Monomials

  • Binomials and Polynomials

  • Like and Unlike Terms

  • Addition and Subtraction of Algebraic Expressions

  • Multiplication of Algebraic Expressions:

  • What is an Identity

  • Standard Identities

  • Applying Identities

Visualizing Solid Shapes

  • Views of 3D-Shapes

  • Mapping Space Around Us

  • Faces

  • Edges and Vertices


  • Area of Trapezium

  • Area of a General Quadrilateral, Area of a Polygon

  • Solid Shapes, Cuboid, Cube, Cylinders, Volume of Cube, Cuboid and Cylinder, Volume and Capacity

Exponents and Powers

  • Powers with Negative Exponents

  • Laws of Exponents

  • Use of Exponents to Express Small Numbers in Standard Form

Direct and Inverse Proportions

  • Direct Proportion

  • Inverse Proportion


  • What is Factorisation

  • Division of Algebraic Expressions

  • Division of Algebraic Expressions Continued (Polynomial ÷ Polynomial)

Introduction to Graphs

  • A Bar graph

  • A Pie graph (or a circle-graph)

  • A histogram

  • A line graph

  • Linear Graphs

Playing with Numbers

  • Numbers in General Form

  • Games with Numbers

  • Letters for Digits, Tests of Divisibility

NCERT Books for Class 8 Maths

NCERT Prescribes Mathematics textbook for class VIII in the curriculum of class 8. This book includes all the chapters and topics of NCERT Syllabus for Class 8 Maths. All the topics are explained well with the help of proper examples. Students can also practice questions provided at the end of every chapter. NCERT Books are also helpful in the competitive examinations so it is a must for students to complete the NCERT.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8

Students often consider maths as a difficult subject as it contains numerical problems. In order to score well in mathematics, a lot of practice is required. It is a must for students to solve all the questions of the NCERT. The solutions of the NCERT textbook of Mathematics are provided for the ease of students. While solving the exercise, students can refer to these NCERT solutions to get their queries solved.

Class 8th Exam Preparation Tips

  • To prepare for class 8, students should first go through the complete NCERT Class 8 Maths syllabus.

  • Prepare a timetable and set your study hours. Focus more on the topics carrying high weightage.

  • Read to the NCERT books of class 8 cover the syllabus.

  • Make a separate notebook for formulas. This will be really helpful during revision.

  • Practice as much as you can. Dedicate at least 1 hour daily to practice questions from NCERT.

  • Solve sample papers to increase your speed and accuracy.

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) - NCERT Syllabus for class 8 Maths

Question: What are the subjects in NCERT Class 8?


The major subjects of NCERT class 8 are Hindi, English, Maths, Science, and Social Science.

Question: Is CBSE syllabus the same as NCERT Syllabus for Class 8 Maths?


CBSE Is the academic board that prescribes NCERT books.

Question: Are NCERT books enough to prepare for competitive exams?


Yes, NCERT books are enough, yet you should refer to some previous year papers and sample papers for practice.

Question: How can I get the soft copies on NCERT books?


NCERT Book pdfs are available on

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