JAC 12th Syllabus 2020
Updated on Jul 29, 2019 - 12:21 p.m. IST by Maniprabha.singh
#JAC 12th Board

JAC 12th Syllabus 2020- Jharkhand Academic Council (JAC) releases the Class 12th syllabus on its official website, jac.jharkhand.gov.in. JAC 12th Syllabus 2020 covers all important topics of all subjects covered in Science, Arts & Commerce Stream. To obtain good scores in the board exams, students should be well-versed of the entire Jharkhand Board 12th syllabus 2020. This syllabus will be followed by all the schools affiliated to the Jharkhand Board. Students preparing for Jharkhand Board 12th exams should check the JAC 12th syllabus to know what to prepare for exams. The Jharkhand Board will conduct the JAC 12th Exams from February 11 to February 28, 2020. Go through the article to check subject-wise JAC 12th syllabus 2020 for Science, Chemistry, and Arts streams.
Latest: Class 12 exam dates have been released. Check JAC 12th time table 2020 now.

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Jharkhand Board 12th Exam 2020 Overview

Exam Name
Jharkhand Board Higher Secondary
Commonly Known as
JAC 12th Board 2020
Exam Level
Conducting Body
Jharkhand Academic Council (JAC)
Mode of Exam
Pen and Paper
Duration of exam
3 hours

JAC 12th Syllabus 2020 for Physics

Jharkhand Board follows the NCERT 12th Physics Syllabus. Below are the chapters that students should prepare for JAC 12th Physics paper-

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ChaptersImportant Topics


Electric charges, Coulomb’s law, Electric field, Electric flux, Electric potential, Conductors and insulators, Van de Graaff generator, Capacitors, etc

Current Electricity

Electric current, Internal resistance, Kirchhoff ’s laws, Potentiometer, Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics, etc

Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Oersted’s experiment, Biot - Savart law and its application, Ampere’s law and its applications, moving coil galvanometer, Cyclotron, Force on a current-carrying conductor, Torque, etc

Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

Faraday’s law, Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents, LCR series circuit, resonance, Alternating currents, AC generator and transformer, etc

Electromagnetic Waves

Electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic spectrum, etc


Reflection of light, mirror formula. Refraction of light, Optical instruments, Wave optics, Young’s double-slit experiment, Huygens’ principle, etc

Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations, de Broglie relation, Einstein’s photoelectric equation, Davisson-Germer experiment, etc

Atoms and Nuclei

Rutherford’s model, Bohr model, hydrogen spectrum, radioactive decay law, nuclear fission and fusion, etc

Electronic Devices

Semiconductors, I-V characteristics, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode, etc

Communication Systems

Bandwidth of signals, sky and space wave propagation, Propagation of electromagnetic waves

JAC 12th Syllabus 2020 for Biology

ChaptersImportant Topics
Reproduction, Pollination and fertilization, Reproductive system in male and female, Development of seeds and fruits, Reproductive health, sexually transmitted diseases, etc
Genetics and EvolutionMendelian inheritance, Sex determination in human beings, Linkage and crossing over, DNA, Gene Expression, Genome, Evolution, etc
Biology and Human WelfareAnimal husbandry, immunology, vaccines, Plant breeding, Pathogens, Microbes, etc
Biotechnology and Its ApplicationsRecombinant DNA technology, Genetically modified, Insulin and Bt cotton, etc
Ecology and environmentEcosystems, population and community, Ecological adaptations, National parks and sanctuaries, etc

JAC 12th Syllabus 2020 for Chemistry

Below are the topics and chapters that students have to prepare under Jharkhand 12th syllabus 2020 for Chemistry.

Solid Statepoint defects, calculation of density of unit cell, electrical and magnetic properties of a unit cell, amorphous and crystalline solids
SolutionsTypes of solutions, freezing point, osmotic pressure, etc
ElectrochemistryRedox reactions; conductance in electrolytic solutions,
Chemical KineticsRate of a reaction, factors affecting rates of reaction:
Surface ChemistryAdsorption, Tyndall effect, Emulsions, Brownian movement,
General Principles and Processes of Isolation of ElementsPrinciples and methods of extraction, extraction of aluminum, copper, zinc and iron.
p-Block ElementsGroup 15 elements, Group 16 elements, Group 17 elements, Group 18 elements:
d and f Block ElementsLanthanoids, Actinoids, Electronic Configurations of the d-Block Elements, Properties of the Transition Elements
Coordination CompoundsWerner's Theory, Some Important Terms, Nomenclature, Bonding in Metal Carbonyls
Haloalkanes and HaloarenesNature of C–X Bond, Nomenclature, Preparation of Haloarenes and Haloalkanes, Chemical Reactions
Alcohols, Phenols and EthersAlcohols and Phenols, Functional Groups, Nomenclature, Ethers, Commercially Important Alcohols
Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic AcidsNomenclature and Structure of Carbonyl Group, Uses of Aldehydes and Ketones, Uses of Carboxylic Acids, Chemical Reactions, etc
AminesPreparation of Amines, Classification, Nomenclature, Physical Properties, Preparation of Diazonium Salts, Importance of Diazonium Salts in Synthesis of Aromatic Compounds
BiomoleculesCarbohydrates, Proteins, Enzymes, Vitamins, Nucleic Acids, Hormones
PolymersClassification of Polymers, Molecular Mass of Polymers, Types of Polymerisation Reactions, etc
Chemistry in Everyday LifeDrugs and their Classification, Chemicals in Food, Cleansing Agents

JAC 12th History Syllabus 2020

In class 12th, students have to study the entire Indian History of different centuries. Remembring relative dates and events helps students to score good marks in History. Refer to given topics of Jharkhand 12th syllabus 2020 for History-

Themes in Indian History-I, II & III

  1. The Harappan Civilisation
  2. Early States and Economies (600 BCE-600 CE)
  3. Early Societies (600 BCE-600 CE)
  4. Cultural Developments (600 BCE-600 CE)
  5. Perceptions of Society (tenth to seventeenth centuries)
  6. Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts (eighth to eighteenth centuries)
  7. An Imperial Capital- Vijayanagara (fourteen to sixteen centuries)
  8. Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire (sixteenth-seventeenth centuries)
  9. The Mughal Courts (sixteenth-seventeenth centuries)
  10. Colonialism and the Countryside
  11. 1857 Revolt and its Representations
  12. Colonial Cities- Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture
  13. Mahatama Gandhi and Nationalist Development
  14. Understanding the Partition
  15. Framing the Constitution

JAC 12th Syllabus 2020 for English

To get good marks in the JAC Class 12th English paper, students have to show their reading and writing skills in the final board exams. The reading passages should be random. Students have to thoroughly read the passages to answer the questions associated with the passages. The more you practice, the better will be your writing skills.

  1. The uses of different tense forms for different kinds of narration (e.g. media commentaries, reports, programmes, etc.).
  2. The use of passive forms in scientific and innovative writings
  3. Converting one kind of sentence/clause into a different kind of structure and other items to exemplify stylistic variations in different discourses
  4. Modal auxiliaries — uses based on semantic considerations.
  5. In the writing section, students have to write an essay, letter, or a short story.

JAC 12th Geography Syllabus 2020

Students should cover all the topics of the Jharkhand 12th syllabus for Geography subject. Follow the NCERT books Below is the list of important topics-

A. Fundamentals of Human Geography

  1. Human Geography: Nature and Scope,
  2. World Population Distribution, Density, and Growth & Human Development
  3. Economic activities
  4. Transport, Communication and International Trade
  5. Human Settlements

B. India: People and Economy

  1. Population: Distribution, Density, Growth and Composition
  2. Migration: Types, Causes and Consequences
  3. Human Development
  4. Human Settlements
  5. Land Resources and Agriculture
  6. Water Resources
  7. Mineral and Energy Resources
  8. Manufacturing Industries
  9. Planning and Sustainable Development in Indian
  10. Transport and Communication
  11. International Trade
  12. Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems

JAC 12th Syllabus 2020 for Mathematics

Below are the chapters of Jharkhand 12th Mathematics syllabus, students have to solve different types of question on the given topics.

Mathematics- Part 1

  1. Relations and Functions
  2. Determinants
  3. Inverse Trigonometric Functions
  4. Continuity and Differentiability
  5. Application of Derivatives
  6. Matrices

Mathematics- Part 2

  1. Integrals
  2. Application of Integrals
  3. Differential Equations
  4. Vector Algebra
  5. Three Dimensional Geometry
  6. Linear Programming
  7. Probability

JAC 12th Syllabus 2020 for Political Science

Part 1- World Politics

  1. The Cold War Era
  2. The End of Bipolarity
  3. US Hegemony in World Politics
  4. Alternative Centres of Power
  5. Contemporary South Asia
  6. International Organisations
  7. Security in the Contemporary World
  8. Environment and Natural Resources
  9. Globalisation

Part 2- Politics in India

  1. Challenges of Nation Building
  2. Era of One Party Dominance
  3. Politics of Planned Development
  4. India's External Relations
  5. Challenge to and Restoration of Congress System
  6. Crisis of the Democratic Order
  7. Rise of Popular Movements
  8. Regional Aspirations
  9. Recent Developments in Indian Politics

JAC 12th Economics Syllabus 2020

Course 1- Introductory Microeconomics

  • Unit I: Introduction,
  • Unit II: Consumer Behaviour and Demand,
  • Unit III: Producer Behaviour and Supply,
  • Unit IV: Forms of Market and Price Determination,
  • Unit V: Simple Applications of Tools of Demand and Supply Curves.

Course II: Introductory Macroeconomics

  • Unit I: National Income and Related Aggregates — Basic Concepts and Measurement,
  • Unit II: Determination of Income and Employment,
  • Unit III: Money and Banking

JAC 12th Syllabus for Sociology

The given chapters are listed under the JAC Class 12 syllabus. Students have to cover all chapter to get good scores in the examination-

Indian Society

  • Unit I: Structure of Indian Society,
  • Unit II: Social Institutions: Continuity and Change,
  • Unit III: Social Inequality and Exclusion,
  • Unit IV: The Challenges of Unity in Diversity,
  • Unit V: Project Work

Change and Development in India-

  • Unit I: Process of Social Change in India,
  • Unit II: Social Change and the Polity,
  • Unit III: Social Change and the Economy,
  • Unit IV: New Arenas of Social Change,
  • Unity V: Social Movements

Know about various Jharkhand Scholarship after 12th here.

How to Prepare for JAC 12th Board Exams 2020?

  • Prepare all topics of JAC 12th Syllabus 2020 one or two months prior to the commencement of examinations. Completing the syllabus before time will provide enough time to students for revision.
  • Solve previous years' JAC 12th question papers to know the marking scheme, important topics and types of questions asked. These question papers can be treated as sample papers. Solving these sample papers will also increase your confidence level.
  • Make short notes for important formulae and facts. These short notes will make the revision easy and faster.
  • Revise the covered syllabus on a regular basis so that you can remember the details for a longer period which will help to get better marks in JAC 12th board result 2020.

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Questions related to JAC 12th Board

Showing 3 out of 3 Questions

Is it necessary to write long answers in jac board exams or i ll loose my marks.

TANUJ JAIN 28th Feb, 2020

Hey Ragini,

Your marks does not depends on the length of your answer. You are graded on the content of your answer. It should contain required amount of information asked.

Answer according to the masks of the question and it should meet the required standard points.

Hope this was helpful,

Thank You.


I want to give improvement what is the process and I have to give again praticals or not?

KISHORE LOHRA 24th Nov, 2019

dear prasann,

If you want give improvement exam to improve you mark in any class then at first you have to write an application to your school or college authority that you want to give improvement exam.After that you have to fill the improvement exam form.

In improvement exam you can only give the theory papers of subjects not the practical exam.

practical marks of subjects will not change because in improvement exam you allowed to give only theory papers.


If Im giving jac board from jharkhand.Will I get admission?

_Abhishek_Vatsya Student Expert 24th Sep, 2019


JAC BOARD score is widely accepted everywhere.But for getting admission in any Graduate degree you have to appear in their entrance EXAMINATION as Nowdays entrance EXAMINATION is compulsory for getting admission.Board score is just an elligibility criteria for admission..

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