NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 Physics - NCERT releases the Class 12th Physics syllabus that is followed by different CBSE and State Board schools. CBSE strictly follows the NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 Physics to add value in their curriculum. Here, NCERT Class 12th physics Syllabus is provided for the student's convenience. The syllabus contains detailed information about CBSE 12th course structure, exam pattern, practicals, investigatory projects & other important details. Students must go through the NCERT Book for class 12 Physics thoroughly to cover the entire syllabus. Read the article to know the in-depth details about NCERT syllabus for Class 12 Physics along with the exam pattern and marking scheme.
CBSE Syllabus for class 12 physics acts as a key to prepare well for the students. Some of the benefits of the same are mentioned below:
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NCERT syllabus is the common curriculum for most of the board exams and other exams such as KVPY scholarship exam. Thus this will help candidates preparing for other exams as well, along with the 12th board.
The syllabus helps the students to prepare for the exams in a definite pattern and structure.
NCERT Syllabus for class 12 Physics gives a clear idea to a student about the important topics of the exam.
It also mentions the weightage of different units and chapters which helps to get an overview of the marks-distribution in the exam.
Below mentioned are the chapter-wise important topics of physics and the respective marking scheme.
NCERT Chapter-wise Solution
Chapter-1: Electric Charges and Fields
Electric Charges; Conservation of charge, Coulomb's law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; torque on a dipole in uniform electric field, super position principle and continuous charge distribution. Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole,etc.
Chapter-2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field, etc.
Chapter-3: Current Electricity
Ohm's law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear) Carbon resistors, Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current , electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance,etc
Magnetic Effect of Current & Magnetism
Chapter-4: Moving Charges and Magnetism
Concept of magnetic field, Oersted's experiment. Biot - Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Straight and toroidal solenoids (only qualitative treatment), force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields, Cyclotron.Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, etc.
Chapter-5: Magnetism and Matter
Electromagnetic Induction & Alternating Current
Chapter-6: Electromagnetic Induction
Electromagnetic induction; Lenz's Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual induction. Faraday's laws, induced EMF and current.
Chapter-7: Alternating Current
Chapter-8: Electromagnetic Waves
Basic idea of displacement current, Electromagnetic waves, their characteristics, their Transverse nature (qualitative ideas only), etc
Chapter-9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Chapter-10: Wave Optics
Young's double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, Wave front and Huygen's principle, Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen's principle, coherent sources and sustained interference of light, diffraction due to a single slit, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts. Interference, etc.
Dual Nature of Matter
Chapter-11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Dual nature of radiation, Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein's photoelectric equation-particle nature of light, etc.
Atoms & Nuclei
Composition and size of nucleus, Radioactivity, alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law, etc.
Chapter-14: Semiconductor Electronics
Semiconductor diode - I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier, Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors and insulators (qualitative ideas only), etc.
Chapter-15: Communication Systems
Also read, NCERT Books for Class 12 Biology
The CBSE syllabus for physics practical exam is mentioned below:
Two experiments one from each section
Practical record (experiments and activities)
Viva on experiments, activities and project
Also read, NCERT Books for Class 12 Chemistry
Try to give answers using pictorial or graphical representations as this way is more appealing and understandable.
Students are advised to practice numerical and derivations daily. As the basic concepts must be clear for scoring high
Candidates should learn the S.I units for all physical entities. This will make it easy for them to solve numericals.
Prefer making a list of derivations, formulae, and experiments so that students may go through them frequently. This will help them to remember the formulae well.
While solving a derivation, try to understand the logic behind them. Understanding the concept behind the derivation will help the candidates to broaden their technical knowledge.
After finishing the syllabus, students must solve questions from CBSE 12 sample papers and from books like Exam Idea in Physics.
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