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    NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry

    Edited By Sumit Saini | Updated on Aug 22, 2022 09:38 AM IST

    NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry- In this NCERT chapter, we will focus on environmental chemistry. Environmental chemistry plays a major role in our environment. Various chemical species present in the environment which are either naturally occurring or either generated by human activities. This is an important chapter for a chemistry student. There is a total of 20 questions in the NCERT book exercise.

    Also Read :

    The NCERT solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry are prepared and designed by subject experts. These NCERT solutions help students in their preparation of CBSE class 11 final examination and also help in various competitive exams like NEET, JEE Main etc. By referring to the NCERT solutions for class 11 , students can understand all the important concepts and practice questions well enough before their examination.

    NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry- Exercise Questions

    Question 14.1. Define environmental chemistry.

    Answer :

    Environmental chemistry
    It is a branch of chemistry which deals with the chemical change, transport reactions, effects and fates of chemical species in the environment. It has three main components:-

    • Abiotic (non-living thing)
    • Biotic(living things)
    • Energy component

    Question 14.2. Explain tropospheric pollution in 100 words.

    Answer :

    Tropospheric pollution, the main cause of this pollution is due to the presence of undesirable substances such as solid or gaseous particles in the lowest layer of the atmosphere.
    Major pollutants present in the troposphere-

    1. Gaseous Pollutants-These is mainly, the oxides of the sulphur( SO_2 \&\ SO_3 ), nitrogen and carbon, hydrogen sulphide( H_2S ), hydrocarbons, ozone and other oxidants.
    2. Particulate pollutants- Dust, mist, fumes and smog etc are the main constituents.

    Oxides of sulphur and nitrogen are produced by the burning of fossil fuels like coal and automobile fuel and when these gases react with the water to form nitric acid ( HNO_3 ) and sulphuric acid, as a result, acid rain is formed.
    2SO_2+O_2+H_{2}O\rightarrow 2H_2SO_{4}\\ 4NO_{2}+O_{2}+2H_{2}O\rightarrow 4HNO_{3}
    Acid rain causes harm to plants, trees, and agriculture. It also leads to respiratory problem.
    When we burn hydrocarbons (contains hydrogen and carbon) they produce the oxides of carbon. Hydrocarbons are carcinogenic in nature and so that their products are also major pollutants. Carbon monoxide ( CO ), produced from incomplete combustion of carbon. It has the ability to block the delivery of oxygen to the organs and tissues. Though carbon dioxide is not toxic in nature, it contributes towards global warming by trapping the reflected IR rays.
    Particulates of smoke, mist, dust and fumes are harmful to us because they can block our nasal passage and cause many respiratory ailments.

    Question 14.3. Carbon monoxide gas is more dangerous than carbon dioxide gas. Why?

    Answer :

    Yes, carbon monoxide is more poisonous than carbon dioxide, (non-toxic in nature). CO has the ability to block delivery of oxygen to the organ and tissue. Also, it binds to haemoglobin to form a complex carboxyhaemoglobin, which is 300 times more stable than the oxygen-haemoglobin complex.
    If the concentration of these complex reaches 3-4% then the capacity of blood to carry oxygen is reduced.
    On the other hand, CO_2 is not poisonous, it is harmful only at high concentration.

    Question 14.4. List gases which are responsible for greenhouse effect.

    Answer :

    The following gases are responsible for the greenhouse effect-

    1. Carbon dioxide (CO_2)
    2. Methane (CH_4)
    3. Water (H_2O)
    4. NItrous oxide (NO)
    5. Ozone (O_3)
    6. Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC_s)

    Question 14.5. Statues and monuments in India are affected by acid rain. How?

    Answer :

    Oxide of sulphur and nitrogen reacts with water in the presence of dioxygen( O_2 ), as a result, acid rain is formed.
    \\2SO_2+O_2+H_{2}O\rightarrow 2H_2SO_{4}\\ 4NO_{2}+O_{2}+2H_{2}O\rightarrow 4HNO_{3}
    Acid rain cause damages to the buildings and structures made of stone and marble and metals. In India, for the construction of monuments and statues, we use limestone, including Taj Mahal.
    Acid rain on reacting with limestone decolourise the surface of the stone also their lustre.
    The reaction between limestone and acid rain-

    CaCO_{3}+H_{2}SO_{4}\rightarrow CaSO_{4}+H_{2}O+CO_{2}

    Question 14.6. What is smog? How is classical smog different from photochemical smogs?

    Answer :

    Smog is a mixture of smoke and fog. It is the pollutants of air pollution. It affects our eyesight during the winter. There are two types of smog-

    1. Classical smog - It occurs in a cool, humid climate. It is reducing in nature and it has smoke, fog and sulphur dioxide.
    2. photochemical smog- It occurs in a dry and sunny climate. It is oxidising in nature and its components are PAN, ozone and nitric oxide etc.

    Question 14.7. Write down the reactions involved during the formation of photochemical smog.

    Answer :

    Following reaction are involved during the formation of photochemical smog-

    It is formed by the reaction of sunlight with hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides. Burning of hydrocarbons leads to release of nitrogen oxide in the atmosphere and high concentration of these pollutants, a chain reaction by the interaction with sunlight.

    NO_2(g)\overset{h\nu }{\rightarrow}NO(g)+O(g) ...........................(i)
    Oxygen atoms are very reactive and combine with the dioxygen to produce ozone.

    O(g)+O_3(g)\rightleftharpoons O_3(g) ..................................(ii)
    It rapidly reacts with NO, formed in the first reaction and regenerate NO_2 (g)

    NO(g)+O_{3}\rightarrow NO_2(g)+O_{2}(g)

    Both NO_2 and ozone are oxidising in nature so they react with the unburnt hydrocarbon in the air to form PAN, formaldehyde and acrolein.

    3CH_{4}+2O_{3}\rightarrow 3CH_{2}=O+3H_{2}O

    Question 14.8. What are the harmful effects of photochemical smog and how can they be controlled?

    Answer :

    Harmful effects of photochemical smog-

    • Because of their oxidising nature, NO_{2} and O_3 , causing corrosion of metals, stone, rubber and painted surface.
    • Ozone and nitric acid are eye irritants, the nose and throat and due to the high concentration of these causes headache, chest pain, and difficulty in breathing.

    Control measure-

    • by controlling the primary precursors, such as NO_{2} and hydrocarbons, secondary precursors will be automatically reduced.
    • Use of catalytic converters is used in the automobiles, which prevent the release of nitrogen oxide and hydrocarbons to the atmosphere.
      plantation of certain plants such as Pinus, Juniperus, Quercus, Pyrus and Vitis can metabolise nitrogen oxide

    Question 14.9 What are the reactions involved for ozone layer depletion in the stratosphere?

    Answer :

    In the stratosphere, when UV radiation acting on dioxygen ( O_2 ), the ozone molecule is formed. The UV rays split the dioxygen into free oxygen.

    \\O_2(g)\overset{UV}{\rightarrow}O(g)+O(g)\\ O(g)+O_{2}(g)\rightleftharpoons O_{3}(g)
    Once CFCs are released in the atmospheric gases and reach the stratosphere, they get broken down by UV radiation.

    CH_{2}Cl_{2}(g)\overset{UV}{\rightarrow}Cl^\bullet (g)+C^{\bullet }F_{2}Cl(g)
    Then chlorine radical reacts with an ozone molecule to form chlorine monoxide radicals-
    Cl^\bullet (g)+O_{3}(g)\rightarrow ClO^\bullet +O_{2}
    ClO^\bullet(g)+O(g)\rightarrow Cl^\bullet(g)+O_{2}(g)

    Question 14.10 What do you mean by ozone hole? What are its consequences?

    Answer :

    The depletion of the ozone layer due to the chlorine-free radical Cl^\bullet+O_{3}(g)\rightarrow ClO^\bullet (g)+O_{2}(g) , which is continuously regenerated at the stratosphere. This phenomenon is known as the ozone hole.
    Effects of depletion of the ozone layer-

    • With the depletion of the ozone layer, more amount of the UV radiation will enter the earth's atmosphere.
    • UV radiations are harmful to us because they lead to skin damage, ageing of the skin, cataract, skin cancers and sunburns.
    • It increases the evaporation of surface water through the stomata of the leaves and reduces the moisture content from the soil.
    • Plants proteins are also affected by UV radiation, which leads to the mutation of cells.

    Question 14.11. What are the major causes of water pollution? Explain.

    Answer :

    The major cause of water pollutions are -

    1. Radioactive waste - These waste substances are direct throw into the oceans.
    2. Pathogens - include bacteria and other organisms, which enters into the water from animal excreta and domestic sewage. Also, human excreta contain bacterias like Escherichia coli and Streptococcus faecalis which cause gastrointestinal diseases
    3. Organic Wastes - These are biodegradable waste that pollutes water as a consequence of runoff. The excess of organic matter in water causes a decrease in the amount of oxygen held by the water.
    4. Chemical pollutants - water-soluble inorganic chemicals such as heavy metals like cadmium, mercury, nickel etc. The presence of these metals in the human body, damages the kidneys, central nervous system, liver etc. These are dangerous for human beings because our body cannot excrete them.

    Question 14.12. Have you ever observed any water pollution in your area? What measures would you suggest to control it?

    Answer :

    Following measurements should be taken to avoid water pollution-

    1. Industrial and chemical discharges should be made free from all the toxic metals before throwing them into water bodies.
    2. The concentration of these heavy metals should be checked regularly.
    3. Compost should be prefered instead of using chemical fertilizers in agricultural fields to prevent the toxic chemical from entering groundwater.

    Question 14.13. What do you mean by Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)?

    Answer :

    Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)
    It is the amount of oxygen required by bacteria to decompose the organic matter present in a certain volume of the sample of water. Clean water would have a BOD value less than 5 ppm and highly polluted water could have a BOD value of 17 ppm.

    Question 14.14. Do you observe any soil pollution in your neighbourhood? What efforts will you make for controlling the soil pollution?

    Answer :

    Mostly, soil pollution is due to the industrial wastes and agricultural pollutants such as herbicides, pesticide and fertilisers etc.
    Pesticide like DDT is not soluble in water so that they remain in the soil for a very long period, causing the contamination of roots of crops. Aldrin and DIeldrin are non-biodegradable pesticides and highly toxic.
    A suitable way for controlling the soil pollution is to avoid the direct addition of pollutants to the soil And also wastes should undergo proper treatment. They should be first recycled and only then, allowed to dump.

    Question 14.15. What are pesticides and herbicides? Explain giving examples.

    Answer :

    A pesticide is used to kill pests, including insects, plant pathogens etc It is a mixture of two or more substance. Aldrin and Dieldrin are common pesticides. Herbicides are used to kill the weeds. for example sodium chlorate ( NaClO_3 ), sodium arsenite ( Na_{3}AsO_{3} ).

    Question 14.16. What do you mean by green chemistry? How will it help decrease environmental pollution?

    Answer :

    Green chemistry is a way of thinking, by utilising the existing knowledge and principles of chemistry and other methods to reduce the adverse impact on the environment. Green chemistry is a production process which brings minimum pollution to the environment. In this, the chemical reactants are, which give 100% end products.

    Question 14.17. What would have happened if the greenhouse gases were totally missing in the earth’s atmosphere? Discuss.

    Answer :

    The most abundant greenhouse gases are CO_{2},CH_{4},O_{3} and CFCs and water vapour. If all these gases are missing from the earth's atmosphere, the temperature of the earth will reduce drastically, as a result, life will be too difficult for living creatures.

    Question 14.18. A large number of fish are suddenly found floating dead on a lake. There is no evidence of toxic dumping but you find an abundance of phytoplankton. Suggest a reason for the fish kill.

    Answer :

    The abundance of phytoplankton causes the reduction of dissolved oxygen present in water. This is due to the decomposition of phytoplankton by bacteria present in water requires a large amount of oxygen. Hence, they used the dissolved oxygen in the water. Thus the BOD level of water reduced below a certain level, preventing the growth of fish and causing excessive fish-kill.

    Question 14.19. How can domestic waste be used as manure?

    Answer :

    According to the nature of the waste material. It can be divided into two categories one is bio-degradable, and the other is non-bio degradable. For example, leaves, papers, rotten food etc. are under the type of biodegradable waste. These should be deposited in the landfills, where they can get decomposed by the bacteria anaerobically into manure. And non-biodegradable waste is sent for recycling.

    Question 14.20. For your agricultural field or garden you have developed a compost producing pit. Discuss the process in the light of bad odour, flies and recycling of wastes for a good produce.

    Answer :

    We need to take proper care of the compost producing pit in order to prevent bad odour and flies. It should be kept covered to minimise the bad odour spreading and prevent flies from entering it. In the compost producing pit, put only bio-degradable waste, do not throw the recyclable waste.

    What is Environmental chemistry?

    Environmental chemistry is a branch of chemistry which deals with the transport reactions, chemical change, effects and fates of chemical species in the environment. It has three main components:- Abiotic (non-living thing), Biotic (living things) and Energy component. According to environmental studies, as a human being, it's our responsibility to protect our environment.

    Important Points of Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry-

    1. Pollution is the effect of undesirable changes in the environment, resulting in harmful effects on human beings, animals and plants.
    2. Pollutants exist in all three states-solid, liquid, and gaseous state.
    3. Atmospheric pollution generally studies as tropospheric pollution and stratospheric pollution. The troposphere extends up to the height of ~10 Km from the sea level. And stratosphere extends above troposphere up to the 50 km.
    4. One of the important constituents of the stratosphere is the ozone layer.
    5. BOD(Biological oxygen demand)- the amount of dissolved oxygen needed by bacteria to break down the organic material present in a certain volume in the water sample. For clean water, the BOD value is less than 5ppm whereas highly polluted water could have a BOD value of 17 ppm or more. BOD=\frac{Number\:of\:mg\:of\:O_2\:required}{Number\:of\:litres\:of\:samples}=\frac{Parts \:of\:O_2}{Million \:parts\:of\:sample}

    Topics of NCERT Grade 11 Chemistry Chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry

    14.1 Environmental Pollution

    14.2 Atmospheric Pollution

    14.3 Water Pollution

    14.4 Soil Pollution

    14.5 Industrial Waste

    14.6 Strategies to control Environmental Pollution

    14.7 Green Chemistry

    NCERT Solutions for Class 11 chemistry

    Chapter 1
    NCERT solutions for class 11 chemistry chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry

    More About Environmental Chemistry Class 11 NCERT Chapter Solutions-

    In this NCERT syllabus chapter, we will discuss NCERT solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry along with environmental pollution related to the water, soil and air, cause of smog, depletion of the ozone layer, global warming, greenhouse effect etc. The NCERT solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry will help students to strengthen their concepts because this is a theoritical chapter and many theroitical concepts will be learnt directly through these solutions.

    NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry starts with two important lines "The world has achieved brilliance without wisdom, power without conscience. Ours is a world of nuclear giants and ethical infants". Environmental studies deal with the sum of all biological, physical, chemical, economical and social interrelations with our surroundings. After completing this chapter with the help of NCERT solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry, students will be able to define atmospheric pollution, and list reasons for the water pollution, soil pollution, greenhouse effect, global warming and acid rain; able to identify causes of the ozone layer and what is its effects on the environment and appreciate the importance of green chemistry in our daily life.

    NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Subject Wise

    Benefits of NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry

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    • The solutions are written in a comprehensive manner in the NCERT solutions for class 11 chemistry chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry will help you writing answers in your exam.
    • Revision will be easy because the detailed solutions will help you to remember the concepts and get you good marks.
    • Homework problems will be easier for you, all you need to do is check the detailed NCERT solutions for class 11 chemistry and you are ready to go.

    If you have a doubt or question that is not available here or in any of the chapters, contact us. You will get all the answers that will help you score well in your exams.

    Also Check NCERT Books and NCERT Syllabus here:

    Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

    1. What are the important topics NCERT class 11 chemistry chapter 14 ?

     Environmental pollution - air, water and soil pollution,

    - chemical reactions in atmosphere

    - Ozone and its reactions

    - Effects of depletion of ozone layer

    - Greenhouse effect and global warming- pollution due to industrial wastes

    - Smog

    - Major atmospheric pollutants

    - Green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution

    - Strategies for control of environmental pollution

    2. Where can I find complete solutions of NCERT class 11 Chemistry?

    For complete solutions of NCERT, students can refer to this link: 

    3. What is the official website of NCERT?

    official website of NCERT: 


    Get answers from students and experts

    A block of mass 0.50 kg is moving with a speed of 2.00 ms-1 on a smooth surface. It strikes another mass of 1.00 kg and then they move together as a single body. The energy loss during the collision is

    Option 1)

    0.34\; J

    Option 2)

    0.16\; J

    Option 3)

    1.00\; J

    Option 4)

    0.67\; J

    A person trying to lose weight by burning fat lifts a mass of 10 kg upto a height of 1 m 1000 times.  Assume that the potential energy lost each time he lowers the mass is dissipated.  How much fat will he use up considering the work done only when the weight is lifted up ?  Fat supplies 3.8×107 J of energy per kg which is converted to mechanical energy with a 20% efficiency rate.  Take g = 9.8 ms−2 :

    Option 1)

    2.45×10−3 kg

    Option 2)

     6.45×10−3 kg

    Option 3)

     9.89×10−3 kg

    Option 4)

    12.89×10−3 kg


    An athlete in the olympic games covers a distance of 100 m in 10 s. His kinetic energy can be estimated to be in the range

    Option 1)

    2,000 \; J - 5,000\; J

    Option 2)

    200 \, \, J - 500 \, \, J

    Option 3)

    2\times 10^{5}J-3\times 10^{5}J

    Option 4)

    20,000 \, \, J - 50,000 \, \, J

    A particle is projected at 600   to the horizontal with a kinetic energy K. The kinetic energy at the highest point

    Option 1)


    Option 2)

    \; K\;

    Option 3)


    Option 4)


    In the reaction,

    2Al_{(s)}+6HCL_{(aq)}\rightarrow 2Al^{3+}\, _{(aq)}+6Cl^{-}\, _{(aq)}+3H_{2(g)}

    Option 1)

    11.2\, L\, H_{2(g)}  at STP  is produced for every mole HCL_{(aq)}  consumed

    Option 2)

    6L\, HCl_{(aq)}  is consumed for ever 3L\, H_{2(g)}      produced

    Option 3)

    33.6 L\, H_{2(g)} is produced regardless of temperature and pressure for every mole Al that reacts

    Option 4)

    67.2\, L\, H_{2(g)} at STP is produced for every mole Al that reacts .

    How many moles of magnesium phosphate, Mg_{3}(PO_{4})_{2} will contain 0.25 mole of oxygen atoms?

    Option 1)


    Option 2)

    3.125 × 10-2

    Option 3)

    1.25 × 10-2

    Option 4)

    2.5 × 10-2

    If we consider that 1/6, in place of 1/12, mass of carbon atom is taken to be the relative atomic mass unit, the mass of one mole of a substance will

    Option 1)

    decrease twice

    Option 2)

    increase two fold

    Option 3)

    remain unchanged

    Option 4)

    be a function of the molecular mass of the substance.

    With increase of temperature, which of these changes?

    Option 1)


    Option 2)

    Weight fraction of solute

    Option 3)

    Fraction of solute present in water

    Option 4)

    Mole fraction.

    Number of atoms in 558.5 gram Fe (at. wt.of Fe = 55.85 g mol-1) is

    Option 1)

    twice that in 60 g carbon

    Option 2)

    6.023 × 1022

    Option 3)

    half that in 8 g He

    Option 4)

    558.5 × 6.023 × 1023

    A pulley of radius 2 m is rotated about its axis by a force F = (20t - 5t2) newton (where t is measured in seconds) applied tangentially. If the moment of inertia of the pulley about its axis of rotation is 10 kg m2 , the number of rotations made by the pulley before its direction of motion if reversed, is

    Option 1)

    less than 3

    Option 2)

    more than 3 but less than 6

    Option 3)

    more than 6 but less than 9

    Option 4)

    more than 9

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    Having a landscape architecture career, you are involved in site analysis, site inventory, land planning, planting design, grading, stormwater management, suitable design, and construction specification. Frederick Law Olmsted, the designer of Central Park in New York introduced the title “landscape architect”. The Australian Institute of Landscape Architects (AILA) proclaims that "Landscape Architects research, plan, design and advise on the stewardship, conservation and sustainability of development of the environment and spaces, both within and beyond the built environment". Therefore, individuals who opt for a career as a landscape architect are those who are educated and experienced in landscape architecture. Students need to pursue various landscape architecture degrees, such as M.Des, M.Plan to become landscape architects. If you have more questions regarding a career as a landscape architect or how to become a landscape architect then you can read the article to get your doubts cleared. 

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    An expert in plumbing is aware of building regulations and safety standards and works to make sure these standards are upheld. Testing pipes for leakage using air pressure and other gauges, and also the ability to construct new pipe systems by cutting, fitting, measuring and threading pipes are some of the other more involved aspects of plumbing. Individuals in the plumber career path are self-employed or work for a small business employing less than ten people, though some might find working for larger entities or the government more desirable.

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    Orthotist and Prosthetist

    Orthotists and Prosthetists are professionals who provide aid to patients with disabilities. They fix them to artificial limbs (prosthetics) and help them to regain stability. There are times when people lose their limbs in an accident. In some other occasions, they are born without a limb or orthopaedic impairment. Orthotists and prosthetists play a crucial role in their lives with fixing them to assistive devices and provide mobility.

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    Veterinary Doctor

    A veterinary doctor is a medical professional with a degree in veterinary science. The veterinary science qualification is the minimum requirement to become a veterinary doctor. There are numerous veterinary science courses offered by various institutes. He or she is employed at zoos to ensure they are provided with good health facilities and medical care to improve their life expectancy.

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    A career in pathology in India is filled with several responsibilities as it is a medical branch and affects human lives. The demand for pathologists has been increasing over the past few years as people are getting more aware of different diseases. Not only that, but an increase in population and lifestyle changes have also contributed to the increase in a pathologist’s demand. The pathology careers provide an extremely huge number of opportunities and if you want to be a part of the medical field you can consider being a pathologist. If you want to know more about a career in pathology in India then continue reading this article.

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    Gynaecology can be defined as the study of the female body. The job outlook for gynaecology is excellent since there is evergreen demand for one because of their responsibility of dealing with not only women’s health but also fertility and pregnancy issues. Although most women prefer to have a women obstetrician gynaecologist as their doctor, men also explore a career as a gynaecologist and there are ample amounts of male doctors in the field who are gynaecologists and aid women during delivery and childbirth. 

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    Surgical Technologist

    When it comes to an operation theatre, there are several tasks that are to be carried out before as well as after the operation or surgery has taken place. Such tasks are not possible without surgical tech and surgical tech tools. A single surgeon cannot do it all alone. It’s like for a footballer he needs his team’s support to score a goal the same goes for a surgeon. It is here, when a surgical technologist comes into the picture. It is the job of a surgical technologist to prepare the operation theatre with all the required equipment before the surgery. Not only that, once an operation is done it is the job of the surgical technologist to clean all the equipment. One has to fulfil the minimum requirements of surgical tech qualifications. 

    Also Read: Career as Nurse

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    An oncologist is a specialised doctor responsible for providing medical care to patients diagnosed with cancer. He or she uses several therapies to control the cancer and its effect on the human body such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and biopsy. An oncologist designs a treatment plan based on a pathology report after diagnosing the type of cancer and where it is spreading inside the body.

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    Chemical Pathologist

    Are you searching for a chemical pathologist job description? A chemical pathologist is a skilled professional in healthcare who utilises biochemical laboratory tests to diagnose disease by analysing the levels of various components or constituents in the patient’s body fluid. 

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    Biochemical Engineer

    A Biochemical Engineer is a professional involved in the study of proteins, viruses, cells and other biological substances. He or she utilises his or her scientific knowledge to develop products, medicines or ways to improve quality and refine processes. A Biochemical Engineer studies chemical functions occurring in a living organism’s body. He or she utilises the observed knowledge to alter the composition of products and develop new processes. A Biochemical Engineer may develop biofuels or environmentally friendly methods to dispose of waste generated by industries. 

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    For an individual who opts for a career as an actor, the primary responsibility is to completely speak to the character he or she is playing and to persuade the crowd that the character is genuine by connecting with them and bringing them into the story. This applies to significant roles and littler parts, as all roles join to make an effective creation. Here in this article, we will discuss how to become an actor in India, actor exams, actor salary in India, and actor jobs. 

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    Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

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    Video Game Designer

    Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages. Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

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    Talent Agent

    The career as a Talent Agent is filled with responsibilities. A Talent Agent is someone who is involved in the pre-production process of the film. It is a very busy job for a Talent Agent but as and when an individual gains experience and progresses in the career he or she can have people assisting him or her in work. Depending on one’s responsibilities, number of clients and experience he or she may also have to lead a team and work with juniors under him or her in a talent agency. In order to know more about the job of a talent agent continue reading the article.

    If you want to know more about talent agent meaning, how to become a Talent Agent, or Talent Agent job description then continue reading this article.

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    Radio Jockey

    Radio Jockey is an exciting, promising career and a great challenge for music lovers. If you are really interested in a career as radio jockey, then it is very important for an RJ to have an automatic, fun, and friendly personality. If you want to get a job done in this field, a strong command of the language and a good voice are always good things. Apart from this, in order to be a good radio jockey, you will also listen to good radio jockeys so that you can understand their style and later make your own by practicing.

    A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.

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    Careers in videography are art that can be defined as a creative and interpretive process that culminates in the authorship of an original work of art rather than a simple recording of a simple event. It would be wrong to portrait it as a subcategory of photography, rather photography is one of the crafts used in videographer jobs in addition to technical skills like organization, management, interpretation, and image-manipulation techniques. Students pursue Visual Media, Film, Television, Digital Video Production to opt for a videographer career path. The visual impacts of a film are driven by the creative decisions taken in videography jobs. Individuals who opt for a career as a videographer are involved in the entire lifecycle of a film and production. 

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    Multimedia Specialist

    A multimedia specialist is a media professional who creates, audio, videos, graphic image files, computer animations for multimedia applications. He or she is responsible for planning, producing, and maintaining websites and applications. 

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    Visual Communication Designer

    Individuals who want to opt for a career as a Visual Communication Designer will work in the graphic design and arts industry. Every sector in the modern age is using visuals to connect with people, clients, or customers. This career involves art and technology and candidates who want to pursue their career as visual communication designer has a great scope of career opportunity.

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    Copy Writer

    In a career as a copywriter, one has to consult with the client and understand the brief well. A career as a copywriter has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. Several new mediums of advertising are opening therefore making it a lucrative career choice. Students can pursue various copywriter courses such as Journalism, Advertising, Marketing Management. Here, we have discussed how to become a freelance copywriter, copywriter career path, how to become a copywriter in India, and copywriting career outlook. 

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    Careers in journalism are filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. As it is the small details that provide insights into a story. Depending on those insights a journalist goes about writing a news article. A journalism career can be stressful at times but if you are someone who is passionate about it then it is the right choice for you. If you want to know more about the media field and journalist career then continue reading this article.

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    For publishing books, newspapers, magazines and digital material, editorial and commercial strategies are set by publishers. Individuals in publishing career paths make choices about the markets their businesses will reach and the type of content that their audience will be served. Individuals in book publisher careers collaborate with editorial staff, designers, authors, and freelance contributors who develop and manage the creation of content.

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    In a career as a vlogger, one generally works for himself or herself. However, once an individual has gained viewership there are several brands and companies that approach them for paid collaboration. It is one of those fields where an individual can earn well while following his or her passion. Ever since internet cost got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, the career as vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the career as vlogger, how to become a vlogger, so on and so forth then continue reading the article. Students can visit Jamia Millia Islamia, Asian College of Journalism, Indian Institute of Mass Communication to pursue journalism degrees.

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    Individuals in the editor career path is an unsung hero of the news industry who polishes the language of the news stories provided by stringers, reporters, copywriters and content writers and also news agencies. Individuals who opt for a career as an editor make it more persuasive, concise and clear for readers. In this article, we will discuss the details of the editor's career path such as how to become an editor in India, editor salary in India and editor skills and qualities.

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    Content Writer

    Content writing is meant to speak directly with a particular audience, such as customers, potential customers, investors, employees, or other stakeholders. The main aim of professional content writers is to speak to their targeted audience and if it is not then it is not doing its job. There are numerous kinds of the content present on the website and each is different based on the service or the product it is used for.

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    Individuals who opt for a career as a reporter may often be at work on national holidays and festivities. He or she pitches various story ideas and covers news stories in risky situations. Students can pursue a BMC (Bachelor of Mass Communication), B.M.M. (Bachelor of Mass Media), or MAJMC (MA in Journalism and Mass Communication) to become a reporter. While we sit at home reporters travel to locations to collect information that carries a news value.  

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    Linguistic meaning is related to language or Linguistics which is the study of languages. A career as a linguistic meaning, a profession that is based on the scientific study of language, and it's a very broad field with many specialities. Famous linguists work in academia, researching and teaching different areas of language, such as phonetics (sounds), syntax (word order) and semantics (meaning). 

    Other researchers focus on specialities like computational linguistics, which seeks to better match human and computer language capacities, or applied linguistics, which is concerned with improving language education. Still, others work as language experts for the government, advertising companies, dictionary publishers and various other private enterprises. Some might work from home as freelance linguists. Philologist, phonologist, and dialectician are some of Linguist synonym. Linguists can study French, German, Italian

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    Product Manager

    A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  

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    Quality Controller

    A quality controller plays a crucial role in an organisation. He or she is responsible for performing quality checks on manufactured products. He or she identifies the defects in a product and rejects the product. 

    A quality controller records detailed information about products with defects and sends it to the supervisor or plant manager to take necessary actions to improve the production process.

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    Production Manager

    Production Manager Job Description: A Production Manager is responsible for ensuring smooth running of manufacturing processes in an efficient manner. He or she plans and organises production schedules. The role of Production Manager involves estimation, negotiation on budget and timescales with the clients and managers. 

    Resource Links for Online MBA 

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    Team Lead

    A Team Leader is a professional responsible for guiding, monitoring and leading the entire group. He or she is responsible for motivating team members by providing a pleasant work environment to them and inspiring positive communication. A Team Leader contributes to the achievement of the organisation’s goals. He or she improves the confidence, product knowledge and communication skills of the team members and empowers them.

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    Quality Systems Manager

    A Quality Systems Manager is a professional responsible for developing strategies, processes, policies, standards and systems concerning the company as well as operations of its supply chain. It includes auditing to ensure compliance. It could also be carried out by a third party. 

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    A career as a merchandiser requires one to promote specific products and services of one or different brands, to increase the in-house sales of the store. Merchandising job focuses on enticing the customers to enter the store and hence increasing their chances of buying a product. Although the buyer is the one who selects the lines, it all depends on the merchandiser on how much money a buyer will spend, how many lines will be purchased, and what will be the quantity of those lines. In a career as merchandiser, one is required to closely work with the display staff in order to decide in what way a product would be displayed so that sales can be maximised. In small brands or local retail stores, a merchandiser is responsible for both merchandising and buying. 

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    Procurement Manager

    The procurement Manager is also known as  Purchasing Manager. The role of the Procurement Manager is to source products and services for a company. A Procurement Manager is involved in developing a purchasing strategy, including the company's budget and the supplies as well as the vendors who can provide goods and services to the company. His or her ultimate goal is to bring the right products or services at the right time with cost-effectiveness. 

    2 Jobs Available
    Production Planner

    Individuals who opt for a career as a production planner are professionals who are responsible for ensuring goods manufactured by the employing company are cost-effective and meets quality specifications including ensuring the availability of ready to distribute stock in a timely fashion manner. 

    2 Jobs Available
    Product Manager

    A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  

    3 Jobs Available
    ITSM Manager

    ITSM Manager is a professional responsible for heading the ITSM (Information Technology Service Management) or (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) processes. He or she ensures that operation management provides appropriate resource levels for problem resolutions. The ITSM Manager oversees the level of prioritisation for the problems, critical incidents, planned as well as proactive tasks. 

    3 Jobs Available
    Information Security Manager

    Individuals in the information security manager career path involves in overseeing and controlling all aspects of computer security. The IT security manager job description includes planning and carrying out security measures to protect the business data and information from corruption, theft, unauthorised access, and deliberate attack 

    3 Jobs Available
    Computer Programmer

    Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover include wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech enthusiasts. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word-processing applications and browsers.

    3 Jobs Available
    Computer System Analyst

    Individuals in the computer systems analyst career path study the hardware and applications that are part of an organization's computer systems, as well as how they are used. They collaborate closely with managers and end-users to identify system specifications and business priorities, as well as to assess the efficiency of computer systems and create techniques to boost IT efficiency. Individuals who opt for a career as a computer system analyst support the implementation, modification, and debugging of new systems after they have been installed.

    2 Jobs Available
    Test Manager

    A Test Manager is a professional responsible for planning, coordinating and controlling test activities. He or she develops test processes and strategies to analyse and determine test methods and tools for test activities. The test manager jobs involve documenting tests that have been carried out, analysing and evaluating software quality to determine further recommended procedures. 

    2 Jobs Available
    Azure Developer

    A career as Azure Developer comes with the responsibility of designing and developing cloud-based applications and maintaining software components. He or she possesses an in-depth knowledge of cloud computing and Azure app service. 

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    Deep Learning Engineer

    A Deep Learning Engineer is an IT professional who is responsible for developing and managing data pipelines. He or she is knowledgeable about analyzing and storing data collected from various sources.  A Career as a Deep Learning Engineer needs to help the  data scientists and analysts to create effective data sets.

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