NCERT Syllabus for Class 9 Social Science
Bilwma.basumatary, 25 Mar 2019

NCERT Syllabus for Class 9 Social Science -  NCERT, known as National Council of Educational Research and Training devised the NCERT class 9 Social Science syllabus which is a standard curriculum followed by most of the boards for academic session. Most of the schools affiliated to CBSE strictly follow the textbooks of NCERT and the prescribed syllabus. Social Science is one of the important subject of 9th class. So, one must prepare well to score high marks. For this, students should know and analyze NCERT Syllabus for Class 9 Social Science for better preparation for exam. 

The NCERT Social Science syllabus class 9 is divided into four section -

  • History

  • Geography

  • Economics

  • Political Science

Each section is divided into units and topics. One can also download the complete NCERT Syllabus for Class 9 Social Science in pdf from the table given in this article. The NCERT syllabus is available for other classes and subjects also. Read further to get the details about Social Science class 9 NCERT syllabus, along with its prescribed books and preparation tips.

Class 9 NCERT syllabus Social Science - History




India and the Contemporary World - I

Events and processes

1. The French Revolution:

(a) The Ancient Regime and its crises.

(b) The social forces that led to the revolution.

(c) The different revolutionary groups and ideas of the time.

(d) The legacy.

2. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution:

(a) The crises of Tzarism.

(b) The nature of social movements between 1905 and 1917.

(c) The First World War and foundation of Soviet state.

(d) The legacy

3. Nazism and the Rise of Hitler:

(a)The growth of social democracy

(b) The crises in Germany.

(b) The basis of Hitler’s rise to power.

(c) The ideology of Nazism.

(d) The impact of Nazism

Livelihoods and Economies

4. Pastoralists in the Modern World:

(a) Pastoralism as a way of life.

(b) Different forms of pastoralism.

(c) What happens to pastoralism under colonialism and modern states?

5. Forest Society and Colonialism:

(a) Relationship between forests and livelihoods.

(b) Changes in forest societies under colonialism.

6. Peasants and Farmers:

(a) Histories of the emergence of different forms of farming and peasant societies.

(b) Changes within rural economies in the modern world.

Culture, Identity and Society

7. Sports and Politics. The Story of Cricket

(a) The emergence of cricket as an English sport.

(b) Cricket and colonialism.

(c) Cricket nationalism and de-colonization.

8. Clothes and Cultures

(a) A short history of changes in clothing.

(b) Debates over clothing in colonial India.

(c) Swadeshi and the movement for Khadi.

NCERT Social Science syllabus class 9 - Geography




Contemporary India - I


Size and Location

Physical Features of India

relief, structure, major physiographic unit


Major rivers and tributaries, lakes and seas, role of rivers in the economy, pollution of rivers, measures to control river pollution


Factors influencing the climate; monsoon- its characteristics, rainfall and temperature distribution; seasons; climate and human life

Natural Vegetation and Wild Life

Vegetation types, distribution as well as altitudinal variation, need for conservation and various measures. Major species, their distribution, need for conservation and various measures.


Size, distribution, age sex composition, population change migration as a determinant of population change, literacy, health, occupational structure and national population policy: adolescents as under-served population group with special needs

NCERT Syllabus for Class 9 Social Science - Political Science




Democratic Politics - I

Democracy in contemporary world

How has democracy expanded in the world in recent

times? In which ways has this expansion changed the

world? Is this expansion changing democracy itself?

Are we moving towards global democracy?

What is democracy? Why democracy?

What are the different ways of defining democracy?

Why has democracy become the most prevalent form

of government in our times? What are the alternatives

to democracy? Is democracy superior to its available

alternatives? Must every democracy have the same

institutions and values?

Designing of democracy in India

How and why did India become a democracy? How

was the Indian constitution framed? What are the salient

features of the Constitution? How is democracy being

constantly designed and redesigned in India?

Electoral politics in democracy

Why and how do we elect representatives? Why do

we have a system of competition among political

parties? How has the citizens’ participation in electoral

politics changed? What are the ways to ensure free and

fair elections?

Institutions of parliamentary democracy

How is the country governed? What does Parliament

do in our democracy? What is the role of the President of India, the Prime Minister and the Council of

Ministers? How do these relate to one another?

Citizens’ rights in democracy

Why do we need rights in a Constitution? What are the

Fundamental Rights enjoyed by the citizen under the

Indian Constitution? How does the judiciary protect

the Fundamental Rights of the citizen? How is the

independence of the judiciary ensured?

NCERT Social Science syllabus class 9 - Economics





The Story of Village Palampur

Economic transactions of Palampore and its interaction with the rest of the world through which the concept of production (including three factors of production (land, labour and capital) can be introduced.

People as Resource

Introduction of how people become resource / asset; economic activities done by men and women; unpaid work done by women; quality of human resource; role of health and education; unemployment as a form of non utilisation of human resource; sociopolitical implication in simple form

Poverty as a Challenge

Who is poor (through two case studies: one rural, one urban); indicators; absolute poverty (not as a concept but through a few simple examples)-why people are poor; unequal distribution of resources; comparison between countries; steps taken by government for poverty alleviation

Food Security in India

Source of Food grains, variety across the nation, famines in the past, the need for self sufficiency, role of government in food security, procurement of food grains, overflowing of granaries and people without food, public distribution system, role of cooperatives in food security

Download Chapterwise pdf of NCERT Syllabus for Class 9 Social Science


Pdf links


Click here


Click here


Click here

Political Science

Click here

Also, check 

Unit-wise marks distribution for Class 9 NCERT syllabus Social Science


Marks out of 100

India and the Contemporary World - I


Contemporary India - I


Democratic Politics - I






NCERT books for class 9 Social Science

NCERT publishes books for class 9 for major subjects including English, Maths, Hindi, Science, Social Science, Urdu, and Sanskrit. Students can access these books online and in pdf format. These NCERT books for class 9 includes all the necessary information a child of an age group of the 9th class should know. Teachers and authorities suggest students to use these books for exam preparation. Most of the questions asked in examinations are taken from the NCERT syllabus for class 9 of all subjects and covers all the topics included in these textbooks.

Prescribed NCERT books for class 9 Social Science

The books prescribed by N covers the complete NCERT Syllabus for Class 9 Social Science. Given below are the names of the books -

  • Together, Towards a Safer India - Part II, a textbook on disaster management for class 9, published by CBSE.

  • India and the Contemporary World - I History, Published by NCERT.

  • Democratic Politics - I, Published by NCERT.

  • Contemporary India - I Geography, published by NCERT.

Also, check NCERT books of class 9 for other subjects

Benefits of using NCERT books

  • The NCERT books for class 9 offers in-depth knowledge with easy language understandable by students. Each chapters in the book is provided with details.

  • These books strictly follow the CBSE curriculum because of which these are sufficient enough not only for boards exam but also for competitive exams like MBBSJEE, UPSC etc.

  • The NCERT class 9 syllabus Social Science have been structured in a very good flow that it clears all the concepts of the students required for further higher class.

  • These books are considered best for CBSE board exams.

  • NCERT books offer a number of problems to practice. These books contain questions at the end of each chapter.  

Preparation tips and tricks from NCERT Syllabus for Class 9 Social Science to score high marks

  • Before you start your preparation, make sure that you have all the books of Social Science along with your class notes.

  • Make a list of all the important chapters and topics mentioned in the NCERT class 9 syllabus Social Science.

  • Go through the questions at the end of each chapters.

  • Revise the important events and dates of history. This will help you to remember well.

  • Practice the map diagrams well.

  • Use the prescribed NCERT Books for Class 9 Social Science and keep ample time for revision before the exams.

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