CBSE class 12 Preparation Tips for Biology - Class 12 is a crucial stage in student’s academic path as it decides which university and course a student will be offered admission thereafter. Biology is one of the primary subjects if a student has chosen Science stream. Class 12th Biology exam is divided into a practical and theory paper. To achieve good marks, a student must have strong grip over both these papers. Some of the important topics covered in CBSE class 12 Biology paper are Reproduction, Genetics and Evolution, Human Health and Diseases, Organisms and Populations etc. To score high marks, students ought go through CBSE class 12 preparation tips for Biology and divide their study time according to weightage of topics and study smart.
With Biology as a subject, a student can apply not only for a career in medicine; they can also choose various other career profiles like Optometry, Medical Laboratory Technology, Dialysis Therapy Technology, Health Information Management, Audiology & Speech-Language Pathology, Medical Radiology and Imaging Technology, Operation Theatre Technology etc. Read this article which focuses on CBSE class 12 preparation tips for Biology including tricks on how to study smart, exam pattern, syllabus and much more.
Syllabus for CBSE class 12 Biology
It is very important to know the CBSE class 12 syllabus for Biology before preparing for the exam as knowing the syllabus enables you to divide topics according to weightage and difficulty level. This way you can plan your study for CBSE 12 Biology better. A detailed syllabus for class 12 Biology is given below:
CBSE class 12 Preparation Tips for Biology: Section-wise Syllabus
Reproduction in Organisms; Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants; Human Reproduction; Reproductive Health; Genetics and Evolution.
Genetics and Evolution:
Heredity and variation; Molecular Basis of Inheritance; Evolution
Biology and Human Welfare:
Human Health and Diseases; Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production; Microbes in Human Welfare
Biotechnology and its applications
Biotechnology - Principles and processes; Biotechnology and its Application
Ecology and Environment:
Organisms and Populations; Ecosystem; Biodiversity and its Conservation; Environmental Issues
CBSE class 12 Preparation Tips for Biology - Exam Pattern and typology of questions
After checking the syllabus, you can prioritise topics using the CBSE class 12 Biology exam pattern. Exam pattern for class 12 Biology includes the weightage of topics and types of questions asked from the topics. For example, students can focus more on Genetics and Evolution as it has the highest weightage and only three chapters. After that, students can focus on Biology and Human Welfare as it has a weightage of 14 marks and only three chapters. Check the exam pattern below:
CBSE class 12 Biology preparation tips - Exam Pattern and typology of questions
Type of Question
Mark(s) per Question
Total no. of Questions
CBSE class 12 Preparation Tips for Biology - Which books to refer?
CBSE prescribes NCERT Books for class 12th Biology exam but sometimes the questions are too complicated and NCERT books fall short. Thus, it is advised that a student uses reference books but only after they have studied Biology NCERT book thoroughly. NCERT will help student build and strengthen their basic concepts while reference books will help student tackle more advanced and complicated questions. Here is a list of books students can refer:
CBSE class 12 preparation tips for Biology - Books to refer
Reference books for CBSE class 12 Biology
NCERT class 12 Biology Textbook
CBSE Biology Chapterwise Solved Papers class 12th
Pradeep’s A Text Book of Biology class 12
S.Chand’s Biology for class XII
Trueman’s Elementary Biology for Class 12 and NEET
K.N. Bhatia and M.P. Tyagi
CBSE class 12 Section-wise Preparation Tips for Biology
There are five types of questions in CBSE class 12 Biology exam. A different strategy must be used for these different kinds of questions. CBSE class 12 preparation tips for Biology explain how to answer them. Read below to learn how to attempt Biology questions section-wise:
1)Remembering: These are simple recall questions and entail specific facts, terms, concepts, principles, theories or ask you to define, recite or write information on them. The density of this question type is 10% in the paper.
2) Understanding: To attempt these kinds of questions, you need to understand them conceptually and answer them after comparing, contrasting, explaining and paraphrasing information. The density of these questions is 30% in the paper.
3) Application: These questions are attempted by using abstract information in concrete situations. You need to apply knowledge to new situations and use given content to interpret a situation. Density of application questions is 30% in the paper.
4) High Order Thinking Skills(H.O.T.S): To attempt H.O.T.S. questions, you have to classify, compare, contrast or differentiate between different pieces of information and organise and/or integrate pieces of information from a variety of sources. The density of H.O.T.S. questions in the paper is 17%.
5) Evaluation: Appraising, judging and justifying the value or worth of a decision or an outcome is how you attempt evaluation questions. The density of such questions is 13% in the paper.
CBSE class 12 Preparation Tips for Biology
Biology is a lengthy exam and if students prepare for it well then it will also help them in entrance exams. We have prepared a list of handy tips and tricks to structure your academic lifestyle. These are tried and tested pieces of advice from previous toppers and exam experts. Check out all the CBSE class 12 preparation tips for Biology here:
Know all about the exam
In order to be successful in an exam, you should know all about the exam. Learn about the syllabus, exam pattern, the standard of questions, exam dynamics and everything you can find. This will help you in structuring your studies immensely. You should also check statistics and previous year’s data to get a more realistic view of the exam.
Prepare a study plan
It is also very important to prepare a study plan. Try to make a study plan you can stick to. Study plans help you inculcate discipline in your studies by adding structure to your whole day so you do not waste your time. Make a study plan which includes time for your chores and hobbies as well. Include breaks in your timetable and shuffle subjects and units to avoid boredom.
Strengthen your basics
Another important CBSE class 12 preparation tip for Biology is to strengthen your basics. It is very important to be thorough with the basics before moving to more advanced topics. If you are not paying attention to your basics, you will face problems in topics which are more complicated. Thus, start with NCERT book for Biology and work your way up to reference books. Strengthening your basics will not only help you in boards but also in entrance exams.
Make flashcards and your own notes
Instead of following the mainstream suit of borrowing notes, it is imperative to make your own notes. Notes are condensed versions of a wide topic and it will be much more potent to study from your own notes rather than from someone else’s. Also, try to make flashcards for terminology, chemical equations, and formulas as they are technical and students bound to forget them. Making flashcards and notes will save your time immensely as it will be easier to look for a topic or quickly revise something.
Practice from Sample Papers
Another good CBSE class 12 Preparation Tips for Biology is to practice from sample papers. This gives you an insight of the topics asked frequently in exams, weightage, the standard of questions, exam pattern and much more. Thus, it is imperative to study from CBSE class 12 Sample Papers. Practicing from sample papers will also help you feel more confident and prepared for the exam.
Being a theoretical subject, Biology can be exhausting as it encompasses theory, practical, formulas, chemical equations and terminology. You need to take ample amount of breaks mid-study to keep focused. Remember to follow some hobbies for a small amount of time, exercise and eat healthy food. A healthy body breeds a healthy mind!
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