Bihar Board 12th Syllabus 2020 - Bihar School Examination Board releases BSEB 12th syllabus for Science, Arts and Commerce for students on biharboardonline.bihar.gov.in. This Bihar Board Class 12 syllabus contains in-depth information about the important topics and marking scheme of all the subjects. Students must follow the prescribed Bihar Board 12th syllabus 2020 in order to gain authentic knowledge and score high. They should stick to the syllabus and prepare for the exam accordingly. Bihar Board intermediate syllabus is released for all the streams such as Science, Arts and Commerce.
All the questions asked in the Bihar Board 12th examination are on the topics only from the prescribed the BSEB 12th syllabus. Students are advised to strictly follow the syllabus and understand the important topics very well. Read the article below to know the detailed Bihar Board 12th syllabus 2020 for Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and more.
Sections in this Article
Bihar Board 12th Arts Syllabus
Bihar Board 12th Science Syllabus
Bihar Board 12th Commerce Syllabus
Go through the glimpse of Bihar Board intermediate exam in the table below.
Bihar School Examination Board
Bihar 12th Board Examination 2020
Number of Subjects
5 Subjects, 1 Optional Subjects
Find below BSEB 12th Science syllabus subject - wise. Students must keep a check of the prescribed syllabus and prepare for exams accordingly. Students are advised to make a definite BSEB 12th time table so that they could give proper time to all the subjects.
Unit 1: Electrostatics
Electric Charges, Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges, the electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field, etc.
Unit 2: Current Electricity
Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and nonlinear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity, Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge, etc.
Unit 3: Magnetic effect of Current and Magnetism
Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, Force on a moving charge in a uniform magnetic and electric fields, Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements, etc.
Unit 4: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current
Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance, etc.
Unit 5: Electromotive Waves
Electromagnetic waves, their characteristics, their transverse nature, Electromagnetic spectrum, including elementary facts about their uses, etc.
Unit 6: Optics
Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, lensmaker’s formula. Magnification, power of a lens, Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula, a combination of thin lenses in contact, etc.
Unit 7: Dual Nature of Matter
Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation, Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light, Davisson-Germer experiment, etc.
Unit 8: Atoms and Nuclei
Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum, Composition and size of nucleus, Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; atomic masses, isotopes, radioactive decay law, etc.
Unit 9: Electronic Devices
transistor as a switch, I-V characteristics of the transistor, transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration), the basic idea of analogue and digital signals, etc.
Unit 10: Communication Systems
Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, amplitude modulation.
Production and detection of an amplitude-modulated wave, etc.
Students must go through BSEB 12th Chemistry syllabus in order to know the important topics and marking scheme. Students must solve Bihar Board 12th model papers to know the exam pattern and the types of questions frequently asked.
Unit 1: Solid State
Electrical and magnetic properties, Packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, etc.
Unit 2: Solutions
Osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, Elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, abnormal molecular mass, etc.
Unit 3: Electrochemistry
Kohlrausch’s Law, lead accumulator, Conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific, variations of conductivity with concentration, etc.
Unit 4: Chemical Kinetics
Integrated rate equations and half-life, , the concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment), etc.
Unit 5: Surface Chemistry
Brownian movement, electrophoresis, Lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, coagulation, emulsion-types of emulsions, etc.
Unit 6: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
Occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron, Principles and methods of extraction – concentration, oxidation, reduction – electrolytic method and refining; etc.
Unit 7: p-block Elements
Halides PCl3, Ozone, Sulphur-allotropic forms; Phosphorus – allotropic forms, Preparation properties and uses of sulphur-dioxide, etc.
Unit 8: d and f-block elements
Magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, Metallic character, ionization enthalpy, preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4, etc.
Unit 9: Coordination Compounds
IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. Bonding, Introduction, ligands, coordination number, Werner’s theory, VBT, and CFT; structure and stereoisomerism, etc.
Unit 10: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, physical and chemical properties, substitution reactions, etc.
Unit 11: Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers
Mechanism of dehydration, physical and chemical properties, uses, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol, etc.
Unit 12: Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids
Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical, uses, methods of preparation, etc.
Unit 13: Organic Compounds and containing Nitrogen
Classification, structure, methods of preparation, secondary and tertiary amines, etc.
Unit 14: Biomolecules
Monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen) importance, etc.
Unit 15: Polymers
Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers, etc, Some important polymers: natural and bakelite, rubber, etc.
Unit 16: Chemistry in Everyday Life
Tranquillizers antiseptics, disinfectants, antacids, antihistamines, artificial sweetening agents, etc.
The exam pattern and detailed syllabus of BSEB 12th Biology is tabulated below. Go through the same to stay updated with every topic included in the syllabus.
Unit 1: Sexual Reproduction
Pollination and fertilization in flowering plants.
Development of seed and fruit
Human Reproduction, pregnancy and parturition, etc.
Unit 2: Genetics and evolution
Chromosome theory of inheritance, Deviations from Mendelism ratio, Sex determination in human beings: XX, XY, Linkage and crossing over, etc.
Unit 3: Biology & human welfare
Microbes in household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment and energy generation, Cancer and AIDS, etc.
Unit 4: Biotechnology and its applications
Recombinant DNA technology
Applications in Health, Biosafety issues, etc.
Unit 5: Ecology and environment
Organisms and Populations
Ecosystem, Environmental Issues, etc.
Maths is a subject which needs consistent practise in order to understand the logic behind every problem. Students must prepare this subject referring to the Bihar Board 12th Syllabus and they should pay more attention to the units which carry high weightage. Find below the BSEB 12th Maths syllabus and exam pattern
Unit 1: Relations and Functions
reflexive, symmetric, transitive and equivalence relations, Definition, range, domain, principal value branch. Graphs of inverse trigonometric functions, etc.
Unit 2: Algebra
Addition and multiplication and multiplication with a scalar. Simple properties of addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication, Adjoint and the inverse of a square matrix. Consistency, etc.
Unit 3: Calculus
Derivatives of logarithmic and exponential functions, increasing/decreasing functions, tangents and normals, use of derivatives in approximation, Logarithmic differentiation, derivative of functions expressed in parametric forms, etc.
Unit 4: Vectors and 3 Dimensional Geometry
Components of a vector,
Cartesian and vector equation of a plane, the addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio, etc.
Unit 5: Linear Programming
The mathematical formulation of L.P. problems, graphical method of solution for problems in two variables, feasible and infeasible regions, etc.
Unit 6: Probability
Baye’s theorem, Random variable and its probability distribution, mean and variance of the random variable, etc.
We have provided the detailed BSEB 12th Accountancy syllabus in the table below. Refer to the important topics and work on the weak area to score high in 12th Accountancy.
Introduction to Partnership
Meaning and definitions, The Indian partnership Act 1932,
Methods of capital accounts, Fixed Capital Method
Fluctuating Capital Method, etc.
Partnership Final Accounts
Commission to working partner/ Managers on the basis of Gross profit, Closing stock, Outstanding expenses, Unrecorded purchases and sales, Bills Receivable dishonoured, Net profit, sales, etc.
Reconstitution of Partnership
Retirement/Death of a partner, Meaning, need, Adjustment of accumulated profits and losses, Revaluation of assets and liabilities, Adjustment of capital, Amount due to retiring partner, Death of a partner, Meaning and different ways of reconstitution, Admission of a partner, New ratio, Gain ratio, Treatment of goodwill, etc.
Dissolution of Partnership Firm
Simple dissolution, Dissolution under Insolvency situation, etc.
Accounts of Not for Profit concerns
The capitalisation of entrance fees, Creation of special funds out of donations, Introduction, meaning and features of Not for Profit concerns, General Donations, Specific Funds, Endowment fund, Receipts and Payments Account meaning and features, Depreciation, Stock of stationery, Sale of old assets, Scrap, Newspapers, Specific donation, etc.
Single entry system
Interest on capital, Interest on Drawings, Partners salary, Outstanding / Unpaid expenses, Undervaluation and Overvaluation of Assets and Liabilities, Interest on loan, Prepaid Expenses/ Expenses paid in advance, etc.
Bill of Exchange (Only Trade Bill)
Introduction, necessity, Meaning, Definition of Bill of Exchange
Draft/format of Bills, Parties to the Bill of Exchange, Acceptance of Bill, Terms of Bill, honour/dishonour, insolvency of the drawee/ acceptor, etc.
Company Accounts Part-I Accounting for shares
Share and share capital, Meaning, Private placement of shares. Public subscription of shares, Nature and Types.
Accounting for Share Capital: Issue and Allotment of Equity Shares, etc.
Company Accounts Part-II Accounting for Debentures
Debentures: Meaning, Issue of debentures at par, at a premium and at discount, Issue of debentures for consideration other than cash. Interest on Debentures, etc.
Analysis of financial statements
cash flow analysis, and Ratio analysis, Accounting Ratios: Meaning of objectives and classification of Ratios, Financial statement analysis: meaning, common-size statements, Introductions to current ratio, liquid ratio, Gross profit ratio, operating profit ratio, objectives and limitations, Tools for financial statement Analysis-meaning of comparative statements, etc.
Students can find the entire BSEB 12th Economics syllabus in the table below. They must stick to the syllabus religiously to score high in Bihar board 12th result.
Section A: Micro Economics
Introduction to Micro Economics
Types of Market & Price determination under perfect competition
Analysis of Demand
Elasticity of Demand
Analysis of Supply
Factors of Production
Section B: Macro Economics
Introduction to Macro Economics
Determinants of Aggregates
The subjects that are prescribed in the Arts stream are mentioned below.
Click here to download the entire Bihar Board 12 Syllabus 2020 for all streams.
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