CGPA Full Form - CGPA to Percentage Convert Formula

# CGPA Full Form - CGPA to Percentage Convert Formula

Edited By Manasvini Gupta | Updated on Jun 28, 2024 01:18 PM IST

CGPA Full Form - The full form of CGPA is a Cumulative Grade Point Average. It is an important educational grading system used by schools and colleges to evaluate the overall academic performance of students. Based on their performance, students are allotted grades such as A, B, C, D, E or F. The CGPA offers a comprehensive evaluation of a student's academic progress throughout the entire course duration, unlike the GPA which only reflects achievement in a single term.

The Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is determined by adding the grade points attained in each subject, multiplying them by the corresponding credit hours, and then dividing the result by the total number of credits. This method ensures that each subject is appropriately weighted according to its credit worth. To facilitate standardized evaluations and comparisons, numerous educational institutions, particularly in India, convert CGPA into a percentage by employing a uniform multiplier like 9.5. Below is the detailed explanation of CGPA to percentage and vice versa.

## What is Grade Point Average (GPA)?

To understand the concept of cumulative grade point average, let us first understand the basic concept of GPA which is required to calculate CGPA.

Grade Point Average (GPA) is used to specify grades for only one subject or one semester. GPA is linked/associated with CGPA as a student is required to score good GPA in every subject to obtain a final good CGPA score. In short, a student’s GPA must remain consistently good for him to get a high CGPA score.

### Difference between GPA & CGPA: Summary

GPA refers to the score obtained in a subject/particular semester. CGPA refers to the average of GPA scores obtained in all the subjects combined.

After the completion of the academic year, an average of grade points obtained in all the subjects is calculated and a final CGPA score is awarded to the student.

### CGPA Meaning

Every course you take is awarded a letter grade (A, B, C, D, or F).

Each letter grade has a corresponding grade point value. For example, an A may be worth 4 points, but a F could be worth 0 points. (The particular point values may change based on the university.)

In a nutshell, CGPA is a single figure that represents your total educational achievement. It is important for several reasons, including:

• Applying to higher education.
• Securing scholarships and awards.

## CGPA full Form - How is CGPA Calculated?

To calculate subject-wise indicative percentage of marks, one needs to multiply 9.5 with grade points obtained in the subject.

i.e. 9.5 x GP of the subject

### Steps for Calculating CGPA from GPA

Let us look at the example given below to understand how CGPA score is obtained and how one can calculate the final percentage based on the CGPA score.

• Example - If your Grade Points for 5 main subjects are:
 Subjects Grade Points Obtained Subject 1 9 Subject 2 8 Subject 3 8 Subject 4 7 Subject 5 8
• Divide the total Grade Points obtained by the total number of subjects, i.e. 5
• So, 40 divided by 5 = 8
• So, the CGPA is 8

### How to Calculate Percentage from CGPA

The conversion of CGPA to percentage is important for students trying to understand their academic position in terms of percentage. While the specific conversion calculation differs per educational institution, a common technique includes multiplying the CGPA by a set multiplier (e.g., 9.5 or 10) to calculate an equivalent percentage.

Percentage = CGPA × 9.5

Proceeding with the above-given example, if one wants to calculate their percentage from the CGPA score, then it can be done using the formula given below:

• To calculate the percentage, simply multiply the CGPA score by 9.5
• The CGPA obtained in the example given above was 8
• So, the final percentage will be - 8 x 9.5 = 76 %

### CGPA full Form - How Grade points are Calculated?

Different education boards in India follow their own grading scheme. Candidates can refer to the table given below to see how grade points are calculated by some of the education state boards in India:

 Range of Marks Grades Allotted Grade Points 91-100 A1 10 81-90 A2 9 71-80 B1 8 61-70 B2 7 51-60 C1 6 41-50 C2 5 33-40 D 4 21-32 E1 – Less than 21 E2 –

### CGPA to Percentage Conversion Table

Below is a hypothetical conversion table that shows the approximate equivalent between CGPA and percentage scores:

 CGPA Percentage 10.0 95-100 9.0 85-94 8.0 75-84 7.0 65-74 6.0 55-64 5.0 45-54 4.0 35-44 3.0 25-34 2.0 15-24 1.0 0-14

## CGPA full Form - CGPA Benefits & Limitations

Every assessment scheme has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Let us look at some of the merits and demerits of using the CGPA education grading system.

### CGPA Full Form: Benefits

Let us first look at some of the pros of the CGPA system:

• CGPA system can take away unnecessary burden and stress off the student’s mind. As CGPA system doesn’t focus on real scores of the student, it automatically reduces the pressure off from students’ minds to outperform themselves.

• CGPA system can give better idea to students of their strengths and weaker areas which require their focus more.

• CGPA system can make the educators easily classify students into three categories - great, average and beneath average. This in turn can help them to reformulate their knowledge imparting strategies or teaching methods in order to benefit the weaker students according to their requirements.

Important - Check the Complete List of Full Forms

### CGPA Full Form: Limitations

Let us now look at some of the cons associated with the CGPA system:

• CGPA system diminishes scope of cutthroat competition. There could be lesser competitive spirit among students which can also drastically bring them down instead of giving a boost to their actual potential.

• Students may feel less motivated to work harder. Example - A person scoring 99 marks will be put up in the same bracket with the student scoring 90 marks. This can demotivate them from striving harder.

• CGPA system doesn’t put out the actual scores of a student. Hence, it is difficult to assess the actual ability of a student.

1. Why is CGPA calculated?

CGPA is an assessment tool used by schools and colleges. It is calculated to assess or evaluate a student’s academic performance for the respective academic year.

2. What is the maximum CGPA score that can be obtained?

The maximum CGPA that can be awarded to a student is between 9.5 to 10.

3. What is the full form of CGPA?

The full form of GPA is Cumulative Grade Point Average.

4. How to convert CGPA score to percentage?

Multiply the CGPA score with 9.5. The answer obtained will be your percentage achieved.

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