About HBSE 12th 2019

Haryana Board of School Education (HBSE) conducts the Haryana Board 12th exam every year. In 2019, the exam is expected to be conducted between March and April for Arts, Commerce and Science streams. Approximately 2,45,000 students are expected to appear for class 12 examination. Only those students who cleared their 11th class can apply and appear for HBSE 12th exams . The result of class 12th will be declared in May 2019 by the board in the online mode. Candidates can check their result by using their roll number. Candidates can get their result by the facility of SMS also. The result of HBSC 12th includes the name, roll number, subject wise marks scored by the candidates. Those who clear their HBSE 12th exams can apply for admission to various undergraduate programmes in different Universities and colleges.

Exam level: Intermediate
Frequency: Once a year
Languages English, Hindi
Conducting Body: Board of School Education Haryana
Duration 3 Hours

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HBSE 12th 2019 Important Dates

31 Oct, 2018 - 25 Nov, 2018 Application - Registrations for open school students | Mode: Online
04 Mar, 2019 - 04 Apr, 2019 (Tentative) Exam | Mode: Offline

HBSE 12th 2019 Eligibility Criteria

There are certain Haryana Board 12th criteria that must be met by the students in order to appear for the HBSE 12th exam. Students must fulfill the following criteria:

  • The students must have passed class 11.
  • Institute in which the student study, must be affiliated to HBSE.
  • There must not be any dues to be cleared.
  • Students whose application has been accepted by HBSE and who have received their admit card can only appear for HBSE 12th examination.
  • Students must have passed the English subject compulsorily in Secondary Examination.


HBSE 12th 2019 Application Process

Mode of Application : Offline

Mode of Payment : Other

HBSE 12th 2019 Application Process

HBSE 12th 2019 Syllabus

Physics
Electrostatics Electric charge
Conductors and insulators
Charging by conduction and induction
Basic properties of electric charges
Coulomb's law
Force between two point charges
Forces between multiple charges
Dielectric constant
Superposition principle
Electric fIeld
Electric field due to point charge
Electric field due to system of charges
Electric field lines and their general properties
Electric flux
Electric dipole
Field of an electric dipole on axial and equatorial line
Dipole in a uniform external field
Continuous charge distribution
Torque on a dipole in uniform electric field
Potential energy of dipole in electric field
Gauss's of law and its application to find field due to infinitely long straight wire uniformly charged thin spherical shell
Field due to two parallel uniformly charged planesheets
Electrostatic potential
Potential due to a point charge
Potential due to an electric dipole and system of charges equipotential of surfaces
Relation between field and potential
Potential energy of system of two point charges in an external field
Conductors
Electrostatic shielding
Dielectrics and polarization
Capacitors and Capacitance
The parallel plate capacitor
Effect of dielectrics on capacitance
Combination of capacitors in series and in parallel
Energy stored in a Capacitor
Current Electricity Electric current
Flow of electric charge in a metallic conductor
Drift velocity
Mobility and their relation with electric current ohm's law
Current density
Electrical resistance
Resistivity and conductivity
Vi characteristics
Limitations of ohm's law
Carbon resistors
Colour code for carbon resistors
Temperature dependence of resistivity
Electrical energy and power
Combination of resistors
Series and parallel
Emf
Internal Resistance of a cell
Potential difference of a cell
Combination of cells in series and parallel
Kirchhoff's rules
Wheatstone bridge
Meter bridge
Potentiometer
Principle and its applications to measure potential difference and for comparing emf of two cells
Measurement of internal resistance of a cell
Magnetic effects of current and magnetism Magnetic force
Sources and field
Oersted's experiments
Concept of Magnetic Field
Lorentz force
Magnetic field due to a current element
Biot-savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop on its axis
Ampere's circuital law and its application to infinitely long straight wire
The solenoid and the toroid
Force on moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields
Cyclotron
Force on a current carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field
Force between two parallel currents carrying conductors
Definition of Ampere
Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field
Magnetic dipole
Current loop as a magnetic dipole
Magnetic moment of a revolving electron
The moving coil galvanometer and its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter
The bar magnet
Magnetic field lines
Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole bar magnet along its axis and perpendicular to its axis
Torque on a magnetic dipole bas magnet in a uniform magnetic field
Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid
Earth” magnetic field
Magnetic elements of earth
Dia, para and ferro magnetic substances with example
Permanent magnets and electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents Electromagnetic induction
Magnetic flux
Faraday” law of electromagnetic induction
Lenz's law and conservation of energy
Motional electromotive force
Eddy currents
Self and mutual induction
Self inductance of a long solenoid
A.c.generator
Alternating current
Peak and r.m.s. value of alternating current voltage
Reactance and impedance
Lc oscillation
LCR series circuit
Phasor-diagram solution
Resonance
Power in AC circuits
Watt less current
Transformer
Energy losses in the transformers
Electromagnetic Waves Basic idea of displacement current
Electromagnetic waves
Sources and characteristics of emw
Transverse nature of emw
Electromagnetic spectrum
Including elementary facts about their uses
Optics Ray Optics
Reflection of light by spherical mirrors
Mirror formula
Refraction of light
Lateral shift of a ray refraction through a glass slab
Real and apparant depth
Advance sunrise and delayed sun set due to atmospheric refraction
Total internal reflection and its applications
Optical fibre
Mirage
Totally reflecting prism
Brilliancy of diamond
Refraction at convex spherical surfaces
Lenses
Refraction by a lens
Power of a Lens
Combination of thin lenses and mirror in contact
Lens formula lens maker's formula
Refraction and Dispersion of light through a prism
Plattering of light-blue colour of sky and reddish appear of the sun at sunrise and sunset
Some natural phenomena due to sunlight
The rainbow
Optical Instruments
Microscopes and astronomical telescopes and their magnifying powers
Wave optics
Wave front and huygen’s principle
Refraction and reflection of plane waves at a plane surface using huygens principle
Proof of law of reflection and refraction using huygen's principle
Interference of light waves
Young's double slit experiment and expression for fringe width
Coherent sources and sustained interference of light
Diffraction due to a single slit width of central maxima
Resolving power of microscopes and telescopes
Polarisation
Plane polasrised light
Brewster' law
Uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids
Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter Photoelectric effect
Hertz
Hallwoch's and lenard's sobservatin's effect of intensity of light on photo current
Effect of potential on photoelectric current
Effect of frequency of incident radiation on stopping potential
Einstein's photoelectric equation
Particle nature of light
Photon matter waves
Wave nature of particle
De broglic relation
Davisson Germer experiment
Atoms and Nuclei Atoms
Alpha-particle scattering experiment
Rutherford's model of atom
Drawbacks of rutherford's model
Bohr's model of hydrogen atom
Postulates
Bohar radius
Total energy of electron in nth orbit
Energy levels of hydrogen atom
The line spectra of hydrogen atom
Atomic masses and composition of nucleus
Size of nucleus isotopes, isobars and isotones
Mass energy relation
Nuclear binding energy and mass defect
Binding energy and mass defect
Binding energy curve
Radioactivity
Law of radioactive decay
Alpha, beta and gamma particles or rays and their properties
Nuclear fission and fusion
Electronic Devices Energy bands in conductors
Semiconductor and insulators
Instrinsic and extrinsic semiconductor
Semiconductor diode-1-v characteristics in forward and reverse bias
Diode as full wave and half wave rectifier
Special purpose p-n junction diodes
Zener diode and their characterstics
Zener diode as a voltage regulator
LED
Photodiode
Solar Cell
Junction transistor
Transistor action
Characterstics of a transistor
Transistor as an amplifier
Basic idea of analog and digital signal
Logic gates or, and, not, nand, nor
Communication system Elements of a communication system
Bandwidth of signals
Band width of transmission medium
Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky and space wave propagation
satellite communication
Need for modulation
Amplitude modulation
Basic ideas of internet
Mobile telephony and global positioning system
Chemistry
Solid State Classification of solids based on different binding forces
Molecular
Ionic
Covalent and metallic solids
Amorphous and crystalline solids
Unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices
Calculation of density of unit cell
Packing in solids
Packing efficiency
Voids number of atoms per cell in unita cubic unit cells
Points defects
Electrical and Magnetic properties
Solution Types of solutions
Expression of concentration of solution of solid in liquids
Solubility of gases in liquids
Solid solutions
Colligative properties
Relative lowering of vapour pressure
Raoults's law
Ideal and non ideal solutions
Osmotic pressure
Osmosis and it's applications
Depression of freezing point
Elevation of boiling point
Determination of molecular masses using colligative properties
Abnormal molecular masses
Van't hoff factor
Van't hoff equation for colligative properties
Electrochemistry Redox reactions
Conductance in electrolytic solutions
Specific and molar conductivity
Variation of conductivity with concentration
Kohlrausch's law
Electrolysis and laws of electrolysis
Electrochemical cell
Dry cell
Electrolytic cells
Lead accumulator
Ni-cd cell
Fuel cell
EMF of a cell
Standard electrode potential
Nernst equation and it's application to chemical cells
Reference electrode
Relation between gibb’s free energy change and emf of a cell
Electrochemical series and it's applications
Corrosion
Chemical Kinetics Rate of reaction
Factors affecting on the rate of reaction
Concentration
Temperature
Catalyst
Order and molecularity of a reaction
Rate law and specific rate constant
Integrated rate equations and half life
Concept of collision theory
Activation Energy
Arrhenius equation
Surface Chemistry Adsorption
Physisorption and chemisorptions
Distinction between adsorption and absorption
Mechanism of adsorption
Characteristics of adsorption
Adsorption isotherm
Application of adsorption
Factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids
Catalysis
Homogenous and hetrogenous
Activity and their selectivity
Enzyme Catalysis
Adsorption theory of hetrogenous catalysis
Colloidal state
Colloids and crystalloids
True solution
Colloidal solution and suspension
Lyophillic and lyophobic colloids
Multimolecular colloids
Macromolecular and associated colloids
Properties of colloids
Tyndall effect
Brownian movement
Electrophoresis
Coagulation
Dialysis
Electro dialysis
Ultracentrifugation
Emulsion and types of emulsions
Methods of preparation of colloids
General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements Principles and methods of extraction
Concentration
Oxidation
Reduction
Electrolytic method and refining
Occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium
Copper
Zinc and iron
P-block elements General introduction of group 15 elements
Electronic configuration
Occurrence
Oxidation states
Trends in Physical and Chemical properties
Nitrogen preparation
Properties and Uses
Compounds of Nitrogen
Preparation and Properties of Ammonia and Nitric acid
Oxides of nitrogen structure only
Phosphorus
Allotropic Forms
Compounds of Phosphorus
Preparation and Properties of Phosphine
Halides oxzacids
General introduction of group 16 elements
Oxidation state
Preparation, properties and uses of dioxygen
Classification of Oxides
Ozone
Sulphur allotropic forms
Compounds of Sulphur
Preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide
Sulphuric acid
Industrial process of manufacture
Oxoacids of sulphur
General introduction of group 17 elements
Compounds of Halogens
Preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid
Interhalogen compounds
Oxoacids of halogens
General introduction of group 18
Uses
d and f Block Elements General introduction
Electronic configuration
Occurrence and characteristics of transition metals
General trends in properties of the first row transition metals
Metallic character
Atomic size
Ionic radii
Melting and boiling point
Ionization enthalpy
Oxidation state
Colour
Formation of complex compounds
Catalytic properties
Interstitial compounds
Alloy formation
Lanthanoids
Oxidation states
Chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences
Actinoids
Oxidation states and comparison with Lanthanoids
Coordination Compounds Introduction of coordination compounds
Difference between coordination compounds and double salts
Liagands
Coordination number
Colour
Magnetic properties and shapes
Iupac nomenclature of mono nuclear coordination compounds
Bonding in complex compounds
Werner's theory
Vbt and cft
Structure and stereo isomerism
Importance of coordination compounds
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes Nomenclature of haloalkanes
Nature of C-X bond
Physical and Chemical properties
Mechanism of substitution reaction
Optical Rotation
Haloarenes
Substitution reaction
Uses and environmental effects of dichloromethane
Trichloro methane
Tetra chloro methane
Iodoform
Freons
Ddt
Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers Nomenclature of alcohols
Methods of Preparation
Physical and Chemical properties
Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols
Mechanism of dehydration of alcohols
Uses of alcohol with special reference to ethanol and methanol
Nomenclature of phenols
Acidic nature of Phenol
Electrophilic substitution reactions
Uses of phenol
Nomenclature of ethers
Physical and chemical properties and uses
Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids Nomenclature of aldehydes and ketones
Nature of corbonyl group
Methods of preparation of aldehyde and ketones
Physical and chemical properties and mechanism of nucleophilic addition
Reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes and uses
Nomenclature of carboxylic acids
Acidic nature
Methods of Preparation
Physical and chemical properties and uses
Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen Nomenclature of amines
Classification
Structure
Methods of Preparation
Physical and Chemical properties
Basic nature of amines
Identification of Primary
Secondary and tertiary amines and uses of amines
Diazonium Salts
Preparation
Chemical reaction and importance in synthetic organic chemistry
Biomolecules Carbohydrate
Classification of Aldoses and Ketoses
Monosaccahrides
D-l configuration
Oligosaccharides
Poly saccharides importance
Proteins
Amino acids
Peptide Bond
Polypeptides
Primary, secondary and tertiary and quaternary structure of proteins
Denaturation of Proteins
Enzymes
Vitamins
Classification and deficiency diseases
Nucleic acids
DNA and RNA
Polymers Classification
Natural and synthetic
Method of polymerization
Copolymersation
Some important Polymers
Natural and synthetic like
Polythene
Nylon
Polyesters
Bakelite
Rubber
Biodegradable and non biodegradable polymers
Chemistry in every day life Chemical in medicines
Analgesics
Tranquillizers
Antiseptics
Disinfectants
Antimicrobials
Antifertility Drugs
Antibiotics
Antacids
Antihistamines
Chemicals in food
Preservatives
Artificial Sweetening Agents
Elementary idea of antioxidants
Cleansing agents
Soaps and detergents cleansing action
Biology
Reproduction in organisams Life span
Definition and types of reproduction
Asexual and sexual reproduction
Budding
Binary fission
Spores
Clones
Gemmule
Vegetative propagation
Terror of bengal
Sexual reproduction
Juvenile
Vegetative and senescent phase
Oestrous and menstrual cycle
Seasonal and continuous breeders
Events in sexual reproduction
Prefertilization events
Gametogenesis
Sexuality in organisms
Cell division during gametogenesis
Diversity of sexuality in plants and animals
Gamete transfer
Chromosome number in meiocytes
Pollination
Fertilization or syngamy
Parthenogenesis
External and internal fertilization
Post fertilization events
The zygote
Embryogenesis
Oviparous and viviparous
Post fertilization changes in flowers
Sexual reproduction in flowering plants Flower fascinating organs of angiosperms
Prefertilization
Structure and events
Stamen
Microsporangium and pollen grain
Structure of microsporangium
Microsporogensis
Pollen grain
Pollen products
Pistil
Megasporangium
Megasporogenesis
Female gametophyte or embryosac
Pollinations
Kinds of pollinations
Agents of pollinations
Adaptations in flowers for pollination
Out-breeding devices
Pollen robbers and nectar robber
Pollen Pistil interaction
Artificial hybridization
Double fertilization
Structure and events of post fertilization
Endosperms
Embryo
Dicot and monocot
Non albuminous and albuminous seed
Coleorhiza
Coleoptiles
Advantages of seed
Seed
Dormancy
Fruit-true and false
Parthenocarpic fruit
Apomixis
Polyembryony
Hybrid varieties
Human reproduction Male reproductive system
Female reproductive system
Structure of mammary gland
Gametogenesis
Spermatogenesis
Oogenesis
Role of hormones in gametogenesis
Structure of sperms and ovum
Menstrual cycle fertilization and implantation
Sex of baby
Pregnancy and embryonic development
Placenta and its role
Placenta major features of embryonic development during pregnancy
Parturition, lactation and colostrums
Reproductive health Problems and strategies of reproductive health
Rch its role
Aminocentesis
Population explosion
Birth control
Infant mortality rate and maternal mortality rate
Effects of population explosion
Ideal contraceptives
Various methods of population control
Natural and artificial
Medical termination of pregnancy
Why mtp
Std and various method or measure to control the std
Infertility and various art
Principles of inheritance and variation Mendel's law of inheritance
Contrasting traits studied by mendel in pea
Steps in making a cross in pea
Inheritance of one gene
Definition of gene
Allele
Genotype
Phenotype
Homozygous and heterozygous
Dominant
Recessive
Monohybrid cross
Punett square
Test cross
Law of dominance
Law of segregation
Incomplete dominance
Explanation of concept of dominance
Codominance
Multiple allelism
Inheritance of two genes law of independent assertment
Chromosomal theory of inheritance
Comparison between behavior of chromosome and genes
Drosophila melanogaster
Linkage and recombination
Sex determination
Sex chromosome and autosomes
Male and female heterogameity
Sex determination in human
Mutation
Pedigree analysis
Mendelian disorders
Haemophilia
Sickle cell anaemia
Phenylketonuria
Chromosomal disorders
Aneuploidy and polyploidy down's syndrome
Klinfelter's and turner's syndrome
Molecular basis of inheritance The dna
Structure of polynucleotide chain
Central dogma
Packaging of dna helix
Histone and non histone
Nucleosome
Euchromation and hetero chromatin
The search for genetic material transforming principle
Biochemical characterisation of transforming principle
The genetic material in dna
Properties of genetic material
Criteria of genetic material
Rna world
DNA replication
Semiconservative mode with experimental proof
The machinery and enzyme
Transcription
Transcription unit
Template and coding strand
Transcription unit and gene
Exon and introns
Types of rna and process of transcription
Splicing, capping and tailing
Genetic code
Mutation and genetic code
Sickle cell anaemia
Frameshift mutations
Trna called as adapter molecule
Translation
Initiator and terminator codon
Role of ribosome in translation
Regulation of gene expression
Lac operon
Hgp
Goals salient features of human genome
Application and future challenges
DNA fingerprinting
Repetitive and satellite dna
Evolution Origin of life
Big bang theory
Theory of spontaneous generation
Miller and urey's expt
Oparin and haldane theory of abiogenesis
Evolution of life forms
What are the evidence of evolution
Homologus and analogus organ
Divergent and convergent evolution
Industrial melanism
Evolution of pesticide resistant variety
What is adaptive radiation
Biological evolution
Mechanism of evolution
Malthus theory
Saltations
H w principle and its factors
Founder effect
Types of natural selection on different traits
Brief account of evolution
Evolution of plant forms through geographical period
Evolutionary history of vertebrates through geological periods, origin and evolution of man
Human health and disease Health
Disease and types
Common disease in human
Typhoid
Pneumonia
Common cold
Malaria
Life cycle of plasmodium
Amoebiasis
Ascarasis
Elephantiasis ringworms
Prevention and control of infections disease
Immunity
Innate
Acquired
Structure of antibody molecule
Primary and secondary response
Different types of antibody humoral and cell mediated immunity
Active and passive immunity
Vaccinations and immunisation
Allergies
Autoimmunity
Immune system in the body
Lymphoid organs
Malt
Aids
Replication of retrovirus
Cancer
Benign and malignant tumour
Metastasis carcinogens
Drugs and alcohol abuse
Smoking
Adolescence and drug or alcohol abuse
Addiction and dependence
Withdrawal symptoms
Effect of drugs or alcohol abuse
Preventions and control of drugs
Strategies for enhancement in food production Animal husbandry
Management of farms and farms animals
Diary farm management
Poultry farm management
Inbreeding and out breeding
Inbreeding depression
Out breeding and cross breeding
Inter specific hybridization
Controlled breeding using artificial insemination moet
Bee keeping
Fisheries
Plant breeding
What is plant breeding
Some indian hybrid crops
Maize
Wheat
Garden pea
Rice
Sugarcane
Millets
Plants breeding for disease resistant
Mutation breeding
Crop varieties for disease resistant
Plant breeding for developing resistance to insect pests
Released crop variety for insect pest resistance
Plant breeding for improved quality
Biofortification
SCP
Tissue culture
Somatic hybridization
Microbes in human welfare Microbes in house hold products
Microbes in industrial products
Fermented beverages
Antibiotics
Chemicals
Enzymes and other bioactive molecules
Microbes in sewage treatment
Bod
Flocs
Activated sludge
Biogas
Ganga and yamuna action plan
Microbes in production of biogas
Biogas plant
Microbes as biocontrol agents
Bt cotton
Baculovirus
Microbes as biofertilizers
Organic farming
Biotechnology- principles and processes Principles of biotechnology
Gene cloning
Plasmid
Restriction enzyme
Basic steps in genetically modifying an organism
Tools of recombinant dna technology
Restriction enzymes
Recoginition sequence
Palindromic nucleotide sequence
Gel electrophoresis
Cloning vectors
Competent host
Rdna technology
Isolation of genetic material
Cutting of dna at specific location
Pcr
Insertion of rdna into host
Obtaining the foreign gene product
Bioreactors
Down steam processing
Biotechnology and Its Applications Three critical research areas of biotechnology
Biotechnology applications in agriculture
Green revolution
Genetically modified organisms
Bt-cotton
Cry gene and cry protein
Pest resistant plants
Rna interference
Biotechnological applications in medicines
Genetically engineered insulin
Gene Therapy
Molecular diagnosis
Transgenic Animals
Ethical issues
Genetic engineering approval committee
Biopiracy
Organisms and population Levels of biological organization
Organisms and environment major biomes of india
Major abiotic factors
Temp, eury thermal and stenothermal
Water
Light and soil
Responses to abiotic factors
Homeostasis
Regulators and conformors migration
Suspend
Adaptations in desert plants and animals
Aestivation and hibernation
Allen's rule
Altitude sickness
Behaviorial responses with variation in environment
Population attributes
Population ecology
Age structure or age pyramid for human population
Population density
Population growth
Natality
Mortality
Immigration
Emigration growth models
Exponential and logistic growth curve
Life history variations
Population and population interaction
Population predation
Competition
Gause’principle
Competitive release
Parasitism
Adaptation in parasites
Resource partitioning
Ectoparasite and endoparasite
Brood parasitism
Commensalism
Mutualism
One-to-one relationship
Sexual deceit
Ecosystem Ecosystem and its types
Structure and Function
Biotic and abiotic components
Stratification
Various components of ecosystem
Productivity and types
Decomposition
Various steps and factors
Detritus
Energy flow
Photosynthetically active radiation (par)
Producers
Consumers
Herbivores and carnivores
Decomposition cycle
Terrestrial ecosystem grazing and detritus food chain
Food web
Various trophic levels of ecosystem
Standing crop
Ten percent law of energy
Energy flow through various trophic levels
Ecological pyramids
Ecological succession
Primary and secondary
Hydrach and xerach
Standing state of nutrient cycling
Carbon cycle
Phosphorus cycle
Ecosystem services
Biodiversity and conservation Biodiversity and their types
How many species are there on earth
How may in india representation of global bio-diversity
Proportionate number of species of major taxa of plants
Invertebrates and vertebrates
India a mega diversity nation
Pattern of bio-diversity
Latitudinal gradients
Species area relationship
The importance of species diversity
Rivet popper hypothesis
Loss of Biodiversity
Causes of bio-diversity loss
Habitat loss and fragmentation
Over exploitation
Alien species
Invasion
Co-extinction
Why should we conserve biodiversity
How do we can serve biodiversity
In situ conservation
Ex situ conservation
Earth summit and world summit
Environmental issues Pollution
Pollutants
Environmental act
Air pollution and its control
Electrostatic precipitator
Scrubber
Catalytic converter
Automobile pollution
Air pollution
Noise pollution controlling vehicle air pollution
A case studyof delhi
Cng
Auto fuel policy
Euro norms ii and iii
Water pollution and its control
Water act
Domestic sewage and industrial effluents composition of waste water
Bod
Effect of sewage discharge into a river
Algal bloom
Biomagnifications
Eutrophication
Cultural or accelerated entrophication
Thermal waste water pollution
Case study of integrated waste water treatment
Ecological sanitation
Solid waste and their types
Electronic waste
Case study of remedy for plastic waste
Agrochemicals and effects
Case study of organic farming
Radio active waste
Green house effect and Global warming
Ozone depletion in stratosphere
Good ozone and bad ozone
Ozone hole
Uv-b
Montreal protocol
Degradation by improper utilization and maintenance
Soil erosion and desertification
Water logging and soil salinity
Deforestation slash and burn agriculture or jhum cultivation
Reforestation
Case study of people participating in conservation of forests
Amrita devi bishnoi wild life protection award
Chipko movement
Joint forest management
Mathematics
Relations and Functions Relations and Functions
Types of relations
Reflexive
Symmetric
Transitive and equivalence relations
One to one and onto functions
Composite functions
Inverse of a function
Binary operations
Inverse Trigonometric Functions
Definition
Range
Domain
Principal value branch
Graphs of inverse trigonometric functions
Elementary properties of inverse trigonometric functions
ALGEBRA Matrices
Concept
Notation
Order
Equality
Types of matrices
Zero and identity matrix
Transpose of a matrix
Symmetric and skew symmetric matrices
Operation on matrices
Addition and multiplication and multiplication with a scalar
Simple properties of addition
Multiplication and scalar multiplication
Non commutativity of multiplication of matrices and existence of Non zero matrices whose product is the zero matrix
Concept of elementary row and column operations
Invertible matrices and proof of the uniqueness of inverse If it exists
Determinants
Determinant of a square matrix
Properties of determinants
Minors
Co factors and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle
Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix
Consistency
Inconsistency and number of solutions of system of linear equations by examples
Solving system of linear equations in two or three variables using inverse of a matrix
Calculus Continuity and Differentiability
Derivative of composite functions
Chain rule
Derivatives of inverse trigonometric functions
Derivative of implicit functions
Concept of exponential and logarithmic functions
Derivatives of logarithmic and exponential functions
Logarithmic differentiation
Derivative of functions expressed in parametric forms
Second order derivatives
Rolle’s and Lagrange's Mean Value Theorems and their geometric interpretation
Applications of derivatives
Rate of change of bodies
Increasing and decreasing functions
Tangents and normals
Use of derivatives in approximation
Maxima and Minima
Simple problems
Integrals
Integration as inverse process of differentiation
Integration of a variety of functions by substitution
By partial fractions and by parts
Evaluation of simple integrals of the following types and problems based on them
Applications of the Integrals
Applications in finding the area under simple curves
Especially lines and circles and parabolas and ellipses
Area between any of the two above said curves
Differential Equations
Definition
Order and degree
General and particular solutions of a differential equation
Formation of differential equation whose general solution is given
Solution of differential equations by method of separation of variables
Solutions of homogeneous differential equations of first order and first degree
Solutions of linear differential equation of the type
Vectors and Three Dimensional Geometry Vectors
Vectors and scalars
Magnitude and direction of a vector
Direction cosines and direction ratios of a vector
Types of vectors
position vector of a point
Negative of a vector
Components of a vector
Addition of vectors
Multiplication of a vector by a scalar
Position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio
Definition
Geometrical Interpretation
Properties and application of scalar
Product of vectors
Vector product of vectors
Scalar triple product of vectors
Three dimensional Geometry
Direction cosines and direction ratios of a line joining two points
Cartesian equation and vector equation of a line
Coplanar and skew lines
Shortest distance between two lines
Cartesian and vector equation of a plane
Angle between
Two lines
Two planes
A line and a plane
Distance of a point from a plane
Linear Programming Linear Programming
Introduction
Related terminology such as constraints
Objective function
Optimization
Different types of linear programming
Problems
Mathematical formulation of L.P
Graphical method of solution for problems in two variables
Feasible and infeasible regions
Feasible and infeasible solutions
Optimal feasible solutions
Probability Probability
Conditional probability
Multiplication theorem on probability
Independent events
Total probability
Bayes’ theorem
Random variable and its probability distribution
Mean and variance of random variable
Repeated independent trials and Binomial distribution
Fine arts
The rajasthani school
Pahari school
Deccan school of miniature painting
Main features of the deccan school
Deccan paintings
Raga hindola
Chand bibi playing polo
Chaugan
The mughal school of miniature paintings
Modern trends in indian art
Evolution of the indian national flag first-1906 and middle1921 and final-1947 stages
Study of the form and colour scheme
Bengal school of paintings
Study of paintings of modern trends in indian arts
Magician
Mother and child
Women face
Study of following pieces of sculpture
Trumph of labour
Snalhal family
Music
Varana
Alankar
Gram
Murchana
Classification of ragas description and notation of rag bhimpalsi
Brief history of ancient hindustani 8 music with special reference to sangeet ratnakar tal keharwa
Dadra with dugan
Description and notation of ragas of bhairav
To recognise the ragas from given swaras
Ustad faiyaz khan
Pt. krishan rao shankar pandit
Description and notation of talas jhaptal with ekgun and dugun description and notation of rag
Gamak
Khatka
Murki
Laya
Tal
Time theory of rag description and notation of raag desh
Description and notation of talas rupak and tilwara and dhamar
Brief history of medieval and modern period of hindustani music with special reference to sangeet parijat and the works of pt. bhatkhandy
Description andnotation of rag kedar
Ustad bade gulam ali khan
Ustad abdul karim khan

HBSE 12th 2019 Preparation Tips

  • Students must make sure that all the  topics mentioned in the syllabus are covered.
  • In case of  any doubt regarding any topic, students must contact the teacher concerned.
  • Making a time table that includes each and every subjects will help in the preparation of HBSE 12th examination.
  • Students must practice regularly from the previous years’ question papers of HBSE 12th exam.
  • Short notes can also be taken down while preparation which will help the candidates during revision.
  • Group studies will help the students to understand their preparation level.

HBSE 12th 2019 Exam Pattern

Candidates must go through the Haryana Board 12th exam pattern before they start preparing for HSBC 12th examination. By refering to the exam pattern, candidates will come to know about the marks distribution and subjects they need to prepare for the examination. the following table reflects the exam pattern for both Humanities and Science stream.


          Exam Pattern for Humanities stream                                                                             

            

Subject

        
            

Total marks in practicals

        
            

Total marks in theory

        
            

CCE

        
            

Total marks

        
            

Hindi (Core/Elective)        

(Only for Humanities group)          

(English special for foreign Students in lieu of Hindi Core)   

            

-

     
            

80

        
            

20

        
            

100

        
            

English (Core/Elective)

        
            

-

        
            

80

        
            

20

        
            

100

        
            

Co-curricular Activities       

Sports and Games        

Cultural/Literacy/Scientific activities/ NCC/Scouts &             Guides      

            

grades

        
            

grades

        
            

grades

        
            

grades

        
            

General Awareness & Life Skills (Internal Assessment             grading on five-point scale)

            

grades

        
            

grades

        
            

grades

        
            

grades

        
            

Computer Education

            

-

        
            

-

        
            

-

           
-


Science  (Any four of these subjects)                                                   






            

Subject

        
            

Total marks in practicals

        
            

Total marks in theory

        
            

CCE

        
            

Total marks

        
            

Hindi (Core/Elective)/Sanskrit/Urdu/ Punjabi

        
            

-

        
            

80

        
            

20

        
            

100

        
            

Mathematics

        
            

-

        
            

80

        
            

20

        
            

100

        
            

Chemistry

        
            

20

        
            

60

        
            

20

        
            

100

        
            

Physics

        
            

20

        
            

60

        
            

20

        
            

100

        
            

Biology

        
            

20

        
            

60

        
            

20

        
            

100

        
            

Agriculture

        
            

20

        
            

60

        
            

20

        
            

100

        
            

Home Science

        
            

20

        
            

60

        
            

20

        
            

100

        
            

Biotechnology

        
            

20

        
            

60

        
            

20

        
            

100

        
            

Geography

        
            

20

        
            

60

        
            

20

        
            

100

        
            

Computer Science

        
            

40

        
            

40

        
            

20

        
            

100

        
            

Anyone of the following subjects:

(i) ITES

(ii) Automobile

(iii) Security Services

(iv) Retail Industry Business

(v) Beauty and Wellness

(vi) Physical Education and Sports

(vii) Patient Care Assistance        

            

50

        
            

30

        


HBSE 12th 2019 Admit Card

The HBSE 12th admit card is the most important document which is required to be taken to the examination hall on the day of the exam. Students must collect their admit card of HBSE 12th examination from their respective schools. The Haryana Board 12th admit card includes the name and photograph of the students, date of birth, exam centres, dates and time of the examination, and subjects for which the candidates have to appear for in the exam.



Documents Required at Exam

  • Admit Card
  • School Id

HBSE 12th 2019 Result

The result of HBSE 12th examination will be declared online by HBSE in the month of May, 2019. To download the exam result, students can visit the official website of the board.  Students can follow the steps below to access their 12th Haryana Board result. 

  • To download the HBSE 12th result, students can visit the official link of Haryana Board. 
  • After that, students will be redirected to a new window where they must enter their details related to roll number, full name as mentioned on the admit card.
  •  On submitting these details, students will be able to see their HBSE 12th result which will include marks scored by the students in various subjects.

General Information

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