NCERT Syllabus for Class 8 Social Science
Updated on Jan 23, 2020 - 5:29 p.m. IST by Dinesh Goyal

NCERT Syllabus for Class 8 Social Science - Students preparing for 8th class level exams must refer to the Social Science syllabus of NCERT. Social Science is a major subject in board exams, scholarship exams and entrance exams. So preparing with NCERT syllabus for class 8 Social Science helps to ace these exams. The NCERT 8th class Social Science syllabus is divided into three parts: Geography, Political Science and History. Each part comprises some chapters, topics, and sub-topics. In this NCERT class 8 Social science syllabus, students can check the name of chapters along with relevant topics and sub-topics. So they should analyze NCERT syllabus before starting preparing for the exams. Read below to know more about NCERT syllabus for class 8 Social Science - Geography, History and Political Science.

NCERT Class 8 Social Science Syllabus pdfs

The syllabus is divided into three parts. Students can download all parts syllabus as a separate pdf file or in one pdf file using the links given below:

NCERT 8th Social Science Syllabus PDF links

Syllabus Part Name

Syllabus Link


Click here


Click here

Political Science

Click here

Entire Syllabus

Click here

NCERT 8th Class Social Science syllabus of Geography

Geography syllabus of NCERT 8th comprises the topics based on geographical conditions of earth and India. All the chapters and topics covered under the NCERT syllabus for class 8 Social Science Geography are tabulated below:

Geography Syllabus




Introduction to resources, Types of resources

Natural resource

Distribution, utilisation and conservation of natural resources

Water, wildlife, land, natural vegetation, soil, mineral and power resources


types of farming, beverages, major crops, fibres, food crops, agricultural development


Classification of industries based on raw material, size and ownership

Distribution of major industries

Infrastructure and development

Iron and Steel

Textile Industry

Information Technology

Human Resources

Distribution of population

Density of population

Population composition

Population change

NCERT Syllabus for Class 8 Social Science History

The major topics of History syllabus are given here. Students can download the syllabus pdf file to know about complete NCERT 8th class Syllabus including topics and subtopics.

NCERT 8th History Syllabus

How, When and Where

Women and reform

The Establishment of Company Power

Challenging the Caste System

Rural Life and Society

Colonialism and Urban Change

Colonialism and Tribal Societies

Changes in the Arts: Painting, Literature, architecture

Crafts and Industries

The Nationalist Movement

The Revolt of 1857-58

India after Independence

Education and British rule

NCERT Syllabus for Class 8 Social Science Political Science

There are a total of 5 units in NCERT 8th class Social Science syllabus of Political science. Each unit comprises two chapters. Check the list of units and chapters of the Political science subject in the following table. The NCERT books for this subject are Social and Political Life - III.

Political Science NCERT 8th Syllabus

Unit Name

Chapter Name

The Indian Constitution and Secularism

The Indian Constitution

Understanding Secularism

Parliament and The Making of Laws

Why do we need a Parliament?

Understanding Laws

The Judiciary


Understanding Our Criminal Justice System

Social Justice and The Marginalised

Understanding Marginalisation

Confronting Marginalisation

Economic Presence of the Government

Public Facilities

Law and Social Justice

NCERT Books for Class 8 Social Science

NCERT published 3 books to cover the entire class 8 NCERT social science syllabus. The name of these NCERT 8th class books are given below:

  • Resource and Development for Geography

  • Social and Political life for Political Science

  • Our Pasts-III (Part II) for History

NCERT 8th Other Syllabus and Books

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) - NCERT Syllabus for Class 8 Social Science

Question: What are the important chapters of NCERT 8th Social Science syllabus?


The importance of chapter varies as for board, entrance and scholarship exams.

Question: Is NCERT syllabus for class 8 social science available in Hindi?


No, the syllabus is available in English medium only but you can download books in Hindi medium.

Question: Can I prepare for CBSE exams using this syllabus?


Yes, you can prepare for CBSE exams using NCERT 8th Social Studies Syllabus by consulting with your teachers.

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