NCERT syllabus for class 8 social science
Jasleen Kaur Taneja, 27 Mar 2019, #NMMS

NCERT syllabus for class 8 social science - CBSE schools in India and abroad recommend the syllabus of NCERT for class 8 Social science and other subjects. Many State boards adopt it as it is while others derive their syllabus from NCERT syllabus. It contains the details of chapter-wise topics and subtopics in a flow which make a student enable to study from basic level to advanced level and clear the concepts. Analyzing the syllabus is helpful for students to make a strategy to ace the exam. NCERT social science syllabus for class 8 is also useful for teachers. Students can go through the complete CBSE syllabus for class 8 social science is divided into three sections which are: Geography, History and Political Science. NCERT published 3 books to cover the entire class 8 NCERT social science syllabus. The name of these books are given below:

  • Resource and Development for geography
  • Social and Political life for Political science
  • Our Pasts-III (Part 1 and 2) for History.

NCERT Class 8 Social Science Syllabus - Geography

Listed below are all the chapters and topics covered under the NCERT syllabus for class 8 geography. The book published by NCERT for the subject is Resource and Development.

Resource and Development (Geography)




Types of resources, conserving resources

Land, Soil, Water, Natural vegetation and Wildlife Resources

Land, land use

Conservation of land resources


Factors of soil formation

Degradation of soil and conservation measures


Problems of water availability

Conservation of water resources

Natural vegetation and wildlife

Distribution of natural vegetation

Conservation of natural vegetation and wildlife

Mineral and Power resources

Types of minerals

Distribution of minerals



North America

South America




Distribution in India

Uses of minerals

Conservation of minerals

Power resources

Non conventional sources of energy

Tidal energy



Types of farming

Agricultural development


Classification of industries

Factors affecting location of industries

Industrial system

Industrial regions

Distribution of major industries


Cotton textile industry

Information technology

Human Resources

Distribution of population

Density of population

Factors affecting distribution of population

Population change

Patterns of population change

Population composition

NCERT social science syllabus for class 8 - Political Science

Given below are the important chapters and topics of the Political science subject. The NCERT book to refer for the same is Social and Political Life - III.

Social and Political Life - III

Unit I - The Indian Constitution and Secularism

The Indian Constitution

Why does a country need a constitution?

Key features of the Indian Constitution

Understanding Secularism

What is secularism?

Why is it important to separate religion from the state?

What is Indian secularism?

Unit II - Parliament and the making of laws

Why do we need a Parliament?

Why should people decide?

People and their representatives

The role of the Parliament

Who are the people in Parliament?

Understanding laws

Do laws apply to all?

How do new laws come about?

Unpopular and controversial laws

Unit III - The Judiciary


What is the role of the judiciary?

What is an independent judiciary?

What is the structure of courts in India?

What are the different branches of the legal system?

Does everyone have access to courts?

Understanding our criminal justice system

What is the role of the police in investigating a crime?

What is the role of the public prosecutor?

What is the role of the judge?

What is fair trial?

Unit IV - Social Justice and the Marginalised

Understanding marginalisation

What does it mean to be socially marginalised?

Who are adivasis?

Adivasis and stereotyping

Adivasis and development

Minorities and marginalisation

Confronting marginalisation

Invoking fundamental rights

Laws for the marginalised

Protecting the rights of dalits and adivasis

Adivasi demands and the 1989 act

Unit V - Economic presence of the government

Public facilities

Water and people of Chennai

Water as part of the fundamental right to life

Public facilities

The government’s role

Water supply to Chennai: Is it available to all?

In search of alternatives

Law and Social Justice

Bhopal gas tragedy

What is a worker’s worth?

Enforcement of safety laws

New laws to protect the environment

NCERT syllabus for class 8 social science - History

NCERT publishes two books to cover the class 8 NCERT history syllabus. The table listed below mentions all the topics covered the these two books. It is advised that children cover all the topics from all chapters to score well in the social science exam. One must note down the chronology of events that took place in the past to remember them well.

Our Pasts III (Part I)



How, When and Where

How important are dates?

How do we know?

From Trade to Territory: The company establishes power

East India Company comes East

Company rule expands

Setting up a new administration

Ruling the countryside

The company becomes the Diwan

Crops for Europe

The ‘Blue Rebellion’ and after

Tribals, dikus and the vision of the golden age

How did tribal groups live?

How did colonial rule affect tribal lives?

A closer look

When people rebel 1857 and after

Policies and the people

Through the eyes of the people

A mutiny becomes a popular rebellion

The company fights back


Colonialism and the city: The story of an imperial capital

What happened to cities under colonial rule?

The making of New Delhi

Inside the old city

Our Pasts III (Part II)



Weavers, iron smelters and factory owners

Indian textiles and the world market

The sword of Tipu sultan and Wootz steel

Civilising the ‘Native’, Educating the nation

How the British saw education

What happened to the local schools?

The agenda for a national education

Women, Caste and Reform

Working towards change

Caste and social reform

The changing world of visual arts

New forms of imperial art

What happened to the court artists?

The new popular Indian art

The search for a National art

The making of the national movement 1870s-1947

The emergence of nationalism

The growth of mass nationalism

The march to Dandi

Quit India and later

India after Independence

A new and divided nation

A constitution is written

How were states to be formed?

Planning for development

The nation, sixty years on

Apart from the NCERT syllabus for class 8 social science, students can also check NCERT Syllabus for class 8, NCERT Books and NCERT Books for class 8.

For more on NCERT, click the articles below:




Class 8 Science

NCERT Books for class 8 Science

NCERT Syllabus for class 8 Science

Class 8 Mathematics

NCERT Books for class 8 Maths

NCERT Syllabus for class 8 Maths

Class 8 English

NCERT Books for class 8 English

Class 9 English

NCERT Syllabus for class 9 English

Class 9 Maths

NCERT Books for class 9 Maths

NCERT Syllabus for class 9 Maths

Class 9 Science

NCERT Books for Class 9 Science

NCERT syllabus for class 9 science

Class 9 Social Science

NCERT books for class 9 Social Science

NCERT Syllabus for Class 9 Social Science

Class 10 Science

NCERT Books for class 10 Science

Class 10 English

NCERT books for Class 10 English

NCERT Syllabus for Class 10 English

Class 10 Maths

NCERT Books for class 10 Maths

Class 10 Social Science

NCERT Books for Class 10 Social Science

NCERT Syllabus for class 10 Social Science

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