Manipur Board 12th Syllabus 2020 - Students preparing for Manipur board class 12 exams must refer to the syllabus to ace their reparation. Manipur Board 12th syllabus 2020 for Arts, Science, and Commerce is available in PDF form on the official website cohsem.nic.in. The COHSEM class 12 syllabus contains important topics and marking scheme of subjects like Biology, Chemistry, Economics, etc. Students can check the unit-wise marks distribution for all the subjects from Manipur Board 12th syllabus 2020. Council Of Higher Secondary Education, Manipur will conduct the Manipur Board 12th exam 2020 in the month of February. Students should go through the Manipur Board 12th syllabus 2020 to plan their studies for the exams. Check the detailed Manipur Board 12th Syllabus in this article.Latest: Check Manipur 12th result 2020 date and details here.
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The question paper of Economics will be of 100 marks. A total of 32 questions will be asked in the examination, which is to be solved in 3 hours. 50% of the questions asked will be average in nature. Check the detailed Manipur Board 12th syllabus 2020 for Economics subject from the table below.
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PART – I: Macro Economics
Some basic concepts of macroeconomics Business Cycle
Aggregate Demand, Aggregate Supply, Consumption Goods, Capital Goods, Final Goods, Intermediate Goods, Stocks and Flows Gross Investment and Depreciation
National Income and Related Aggregates: Basic Concepts and Measurement
Product method, Expenditure method, Income method.
Concepts and aggregates related to National Income: Gross National Product (GNP), Net National Product (NNP), etc.
Personal Income and Personal Disposable Income; Real and Nominal GDP; GDP and Welfare.
Simple Numerical Examples.
Theory of Income and Employment: Basic Concepts and Determination of Income and Employment.
Aggregate Demand, Aggregate Supply and their components.
Consumption Function and Investment Function
Propensity to Consume and Propensity to Save, Equilibrium Output, Types of Unemployment.
Money and Banking
Money – Meaning, Functions, and types.
Supply of money
Money and Credit Creation by Commercial banks.
Central bank – Meaning and Functions.
Monetary Policy, Fiscal Policy and Government Budget
Monetary Policy – Meaning, types and tools.
Fiscal Policy – Meaning, types and tools.
Classification of expenditure – revenue expenditure and capital expenditure.
Various measures of government deficit – revenue deficit, fiscal deficit, primary deficit; their meaning and implications.
PART – II: Indian Economic Development
Parameters of Development
Brief introduction of the state of the Indian economy on the eve of independence.
Main features, problems and policies of Agriculture and Foreign Trade.
Structural Changes in the Indian Economy After Liberalization
Meaning, Need, Significance and Features of Liberalization, Globalization
Current Challenges facing Indian Economy
Poverty – absolute and relative; Main programmes for poverty alleviation: A critical assessment
Human Capital Formation
Growth of Education Sector in India.
Sustainable Economic Growth: Meaning, Effects of Economic Development on Resources and Environment.
Planning and Economic Development in India
Objectives, Targets, Achievements and drawbacks of different Five Year Plans in India (A brief account).
Economic Growth and Development
Economic Growth and Development-Meaning and Difference
Comparative study of
India and China on the following indicators : (i) Unemployment, (ii) GDP growth, etc.
Refer to the table given below to check the unit-wise important topics and marks allotted for each unit. There will be 31 questions of 100 marks in the question paper of Business studies. The time duration for this paper is 3 hours.
Nature and Significance of Management
(a) Management – Concept, Objective, Importance.
(b) Management as Science, Art, Profession.
(c) Levels of Management.
(d) Management Functions – Planning, Organising, Staffing, Directing and Controlling.
(e) Coordination – Characteristics and Importance.
Principles of Management
Principles of Management – Concept, Nature and Significance.
(b) Fayol’s Principles of Management.
(c) Taylor’s Scientific Management – Principles and Techniques.
a) Business Environment – Concept, Importance.
(b) Dimensions of Business Environment – Economic, Social, Technological, Political and Legal.
(c) Concept of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization Business and Industry.
(d) Impact of Government Policy, Changes on Business and Industry with special reference to Liberalization, Privatization, Globalisation
(a) Concept, Importance, Limitations.
(b) Planning Process.
(c) Types of plans – Objective, Strategy, Policy, Procedure, Method, Rule, Budget, Programme.
(a) Concept and importance.
(b) Steps in the process of Organising.
(c) Structure of Organisation – Functional and Divisional.
(d) Formal and Informal Organisation.
(e) Delegation: Concept, Elements and Importance.
(f) Decentralization: Concept and Importance.
(a) Concept and Importance of staffing.
(b) Staffing as a part of Human Resource Management.
(c) Staffing Process: Recruitment – Meaning and Sources: Selection – Process
(d) Training and Development – Concept and Importance.
(a) Concept and Importance.
(b) Elements of Directing
– Supervision – Concept, Functions of a Supervisor.– Motivation – Concept, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs.– Financial and Non-Financial Incentives.– Leadership – Concept, Qualities of a good leader.– Communication – Concept, Formal and Informal Communication, Barriers to effective communication
(b) Relationship between Planning and Controlling.
(c) Steps in the process of Control.
(a) Concept, Objective of financial management.
(b) Decisions relating to Investment, Financing and Dividend.
(c) Financial Planning: Concept and Importance
(d) Financial Structure – Concept and Factors affecting
(e) Fixed and Working capital – Concept and Factors affecting its requirements.
(a) Financial Markets: Concept and Types.
(b) Money market and its Instruments.
(c) Capital market and its types (Primary and Secondary).
(d) Stock Exchange – Functions, Trading Procedure (NSDL and CDSL).
(e) NSEI – Objectives.
(f) Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI) – Objectives and Functions.
(a) Marketing – Meaning, Functions, Marketing v/s Selling.
(b) Marketing Management Philosophies.
(c) Marketing Mix – Concept.
• Product – Concept, Branding, Labeling and Packaging.
• Price – Factors determining price.
• Physical Distribution – Concept, Channels of distribution: Types, Choice
• Promotion – Concept and Elements; Advertising – Concept, role,
Objections against Advertising, Personal selling – Concept and Qualities
of a good salesman, Sales Promotion – Concept and Techniques, Publicity –
Concept and Role.
(a) Concept and Importance of Consumer Protection.
(b) Consumer Protection Act 1986.
– Meaning of Consumer and consumer protection.
– Rights and Responsibilities of consumers
– Who can file a complaint and against whom?
– Redressal Machinery.
– Remedies available.
(c) Consumer Awareness – Role of consumer organizations and NGOs.
Project Work (to be conducted by the institution)
There will be one Theory and one practical examination for Geography examination. The total marks for theory exam is 70 whereas for practical marks the maximum marks 30. Exam duration for theory examination is 3 hours. Check the Manipur Board 12th syllabus 2020 for Geography from the table below.
A. Fundamentals of Human Geography
Nature and Scope
Population of world−distribution, density and growth;
Population change−spatial patterns and structure; determinants of population change
Age−Sex ratio, rural−urban composition;
Human development−concept; selected indicators, international comparisons
Primary activities−Concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining,
subsistence agriculture, modern agriculture
Secondary activities−Concept; manufacture: agro-processing, household,
Tertiary activities−Concept; trade, transport and communication; Services
Transport, Communication and Trade
Land transport−roads, railways−rail network; trans−continental railways;
Water transport−inland waterways; major Ocean routes;
Oil and gas pipelines;
Satellite Communication and Cyberspace.
Settlement types−rural and urban; morphology of cities (case study)
Distribution of mega cities; problems of human settlements in developing countries.
B. India: People and Economy
Population−distribution, density and growth;
Human development−selected indicators and regional patterns;
Population, environment and development
Rural settlements−types and distribution; Urban settlements−types, distribution and functional classification.
Resources and Development
Mineral and energy resources
Industries−types and distribution
Impact of liberalization, privatization and globalization on industrial location
Planning in India−target area planning (case study); the idea of sustainable development.
Transport, Communication and International Trade
Transport and communication−roads, railways, waterways and airways; oil and
gas pipelines; national electric grids; Communication networking−radio, television,
satellite and internet;
(b) International trade−changing pattern of India’s foreign trade; sea ports and their
hinterland, and airports.
Geographical perspective on selected issues and problems
(a) Environmental pollution; Urban−waste disposal;
(b) Urbanisation; rural-urban migration; problem of slums;
(c) Land Degradation.
Manipur: People and Economy
People and Human Settlement
Population: distribution, density and growth; composition−linguistic and religious;
structure−age−sex; participation−workers and non−workers;
Human settlements: types−rural & urban, distribution pattern and urban functional
Forest products, conservation of forests for ecological balance, Land resources, water resources, mineral and energy resources; Industries
Transport and communication−roads, railways, waterways and airways
Communication networking−radio, television, satellite and internet.
International trade; Indo−Myanmar border trade.
Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping
Field Study or spatial Information Technology
Practical Record Book
The examination of Chemistry is conducted in two parts, theory and practicals. Total marks for theory examination is 70, whereas the practical exam will be conducted for 30 marks. The number of questions in the theory exam will be 34, which is to be solved in 3 hours. Check the detailed Manipur board class 12 syllabus and marking scheme of chemistry from the table below.
General characteristic of solid state
Classification of crystalline solids
Close packed structures
Imperfection in solids
Electrical and Magnetic Properties
Types of solutions
Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point
Depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties
Abnormal molecular mass
van’t Hoff factor and calculations involving it.
Electrochemical cells, Galvanic cells, Nernst Equation, Conductance of Electrolytic Solutions, Electrolytic Cells and Electrolysis, Batteries, Fuel cells and corrosion.
Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction
Integrated rate equations and half-life (only for zero and first order reactions)
Concept of collision theory
Adsorption - physisorption and chemisorption
Activity and selectivity
True solutions, colloidal solutions and suspensions; lyophilic
Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsion-elements idea of nanomaterials.
General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
Principles and method of extraction - concentration, oxidation, reduction
Thermodynamic Principles of Metallurgy
Electrochemical Principles of Metallurgy and refining,
Uses of aluminum, copper, zinc and iron.
The p-Block elements
Group 15 elements
Group 16 elements
Group 17 elements
Group 18 elements
The d- and f- Block Elements
Lanthanoids - electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.
Actinoids - Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids.
Some application d- and f- Block elements
Werner’s Theory of co-ordination Compound
Definition of some important terms pertaining to Coordination Compounds
Nomenclature of Co-ordination compounds
Isomerism in co-ordination compounds
Bonding in metal carbonyl
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
Haloalkanes: Classification, Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond,
Method of preparation of Haloalkanes, physical and chemical properties,
Mechanism of substitution reactions. Stability of carbocations, R-S and D-L configurations.
Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, method of preparation of
Haloarenes substitution reactions
Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
Nomenclature structures of functional groups
Physical properties and chemical reactions of Ethers
Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic acids
Nomenclature and structure of carbonyl group
Preparation of aldehydes and ketones
Physical properties and chemical reactions
Uses of aldehydes and ketones.
Nomenclature and structure of carboxyl groups - Methods of
Preparation of Carboxylic acids
Structure of Amines, classification and nomenclature of amines, preparation of amines
Carbohydrates: Structure of glucose and fructose, disaccharides, polysaccharides, cellulose and importance of carbohydrates.
Proteins: Aminoacids and its classification, structure of protein and denaturation of protein.
Enzymes: Mechanism of Enzyme action.
Vitamins: Classification and Importance of Vitamins.
Nucleic acids: Chemical compostion, function of nucleic acids.
Hormones: Its functions.
Classification of polymers -- types of polymerisation reactions
Molecular mass of polymers
Biodegradable polymers of commercial importance
Chemistry in Everyday life
Drugs and their classification, Drug-target interaction
Therapeutic action of different classes of drugs
Chemicals in food, cleansing agents
Class record and viva
The question paper of the theory exam is of 3 hours duration carrying 70 marks. Total of 34 questions will be asked in the theory examination. The practical exam will be of 30 marks. Manipur board prescribes NCERT Of class 12 for Biology. Refer to the tables below for the complete Manipur council class 12 syllabus.
Reproduction in Organisms
Sexual Reproduction in flowering Plants
Genetics and Evolution
Principles of Inheritance and Variation
Molecular Basis of Inheritance
Biology and Human Welfare
Human Health and Disease
Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
Microbes in Human welfare
Microbes as Biocontrol agents and Biofertilizers.
Biotechnology and Its Application
Organisms and Populations
Biodiversity and Conservation
Degradation by Improper Resource utilization and maintenance.
Deforestation, Case Study of People’s Participation in Conservation of forests.
Experiments and spotting
Record of one investigatory project and Viva based on the project
Class record and Viva based on experiment
The steps to download the Manipur Board class 12 syllabus is given below.
Step 1- Visit the website cohsem.nic.in
Step 2 - Now click on the link ‘Syllabus for class XII’
Step 3 - The list of subjects along with the downloadable links will now appear on your screen.
Step 4 - Click on the particular subject you want to download the syllabus for.
Step 5 - Now download the Manipur Board 12th Syllabus 2020 and save it for further references.
Fundamentals of Human Geography by NCERT
India: People and Economy by NCERT
Manipur: People and Economy by NCERT
Geography for Class XII by D.R. Khullar
Geography for Class XII by Yash Pal Singh
Introduction to Macro-Economics by H.L. Ahuja
Indian Economic Development published by NCERT, New Delhi.
Introductory Macroeconomics by Dr. Deepashree
Comprehensive Business Studies (for Class XII) By S.A. Siddiqui
Business Studies (For Class XII) By R.K. Singla
Chemistry Part I & II (Textbook for class XII) - By NCERT
A Textbook of Chemistry Book-II by R.L. Madan
Conceptual Chemistry for Class XII by S.K. Jain
Biology (Text Book for Class XII) by NCERT.
A Textbook of Biology Book-II by R.C. Rajkhowa
Elementary Biology Vol. II By K.N. Bhatia and M.P. Tyagi
Students should first check the complete Manipur council class 12 syllabus and marking scheme and plan their routines.
Analyze the Manipur board 12th question papers and check the important topics that have been asked previously.
Make short notes of all the important topics and revise everything on a regular basis.
Work more on your weak areas, practice more often of the topics that you are finding difficult.
Finish your entire COHSEM class 12 syllabus at least a month before the announcement of Manipur board 12th time table, so that you will have ample amount of time to revise.
Exams will be conducted from February 14 to March 23, 2020.
50% of the questions asked in the exam are of average difficulty level.
The COHSEM class 12 syllabus is available to download at cohsem.nic.in.
Yes, Manipur Board prescribes NCERT. Although students can refer to other books as well for practice purposes.
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