Manipur Board 12th Syllabus 2020 - Students preparing for Manipur board class 12 exams must refer to the syllabus to ace their reparation. Manipur Board 12th syllabus 2020 for Arts, Science, and Commerce is available in PDF form on the official website The COHSEM class 12 syllabus contains important topics and marking scheme of subjects like Biology, Chemistry, Economics, etc. Students can check the unit-wise marks distribution for all the subjects from Manipur Board 12th syllabus 2020. Council Of Higher Secondary Education, Manipur will conduct the Manipur Board 12th exam 2020 in the month of February. Students should go through the Manipur Board 12th syllabus 2020 to plan their studies for the exams. Check the detailed Manipur Board 12th Syllabus in this article.
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Manipur Board 12th Syllabus 2020

Manipur Board 12th Syllabus 2020 for Economics

The question paper of Economics will be of 100 marks. A total of 32 questions will be asked in the examination, which is to be solved in 3 hours. 50% of the questions asked will be average in nature. Check the detailed Manipur Board 12th syllabus 2020 for Economics subject from the table below.

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Manipur Board 12th Syllabus for Economics


Important Topics


PART – I: Macro Economics


  • Macroeconomics

  • Some basic concepts of macroeconomics Business Cycle

  • Aggregate Demand, Aggregate Supply, Consumption Goods, Capital Goods, Final Goods, Intermediate Goods, Stocks and Flows Gross Investment and Depreciation


National Income and Related Aggregates: Basic Concepts and Measurement

  • Product method, Expenditure method, Income method.

  • Concepts and aggregates related to National Income: Gross National Product (GNP), Net National Product (NNP), etc.

  • Personal Income and Personal Disposable Income; Real and Nominal GDP; GDP and Welfare.

  • Simple Numerical Examples.


Theory of Income and Employment: Basic Concepts and Determination of Income and Employment.

  • Aggregate Demand, Aggregate Supply and their components.

  • Consumption Function and Investment Function

  • Propensity to Consume and Propensity to Save, Equilibrium Output, Types of Unemployment.


Money and Banking

  • Money – Meaning, Functions, and types.

  • Supply of money

  • Money and Credit Creation by Commercial banks.

  • Central bank – Meaning and Functions.


Monetary Policy, Fiscal Policy and Government Budget

  • Monetary Policy – Meaning, types and tools.

  • Fiscal Policy – Meaning, types and tools.

  • Government budget

  • Classification of expenditure – revenue expenditure and capital expenditure.

  • Various measures of government deficit – revenue deficit, fiscal deficit, primary deficit; their meaning and implications.


PART – II: Indian Economic Development


  • Parameters of Development

  • Brief introduction of the state of the Indian economy on the eve of independence.

  • Main features, problems and policies of Agriculture and Foreign Trade.


Structural Changes in the Indian Economy After Liberalization

  • Meaning, Need, Significance and Features of Liberalization, Globalization


Current Challenges facing Indian Economy

  • Poverty – absolute and relative; Main programmes for poverty alleviation: A critical assessment

  • Rural development

  • Human Capital Formation

  • Growth of Education Sector in India.

  • Informal Economy

  • Sustainable Economic Growth: Meaning, Effects of Economic Development on Resources and Environment.


Planning and Economic Development in India

  • Objectives, Targets, Achievements and drawbacks of different Five Year Plans in India (A brief account).


Economic Growth and Development

  • Economic Growth and Development-Meaning and Difference

  • Comparative study of

  • India and China on the following indicators : (i) Unemployment, (ii) GDP growth, etc.




Manipur Board 12th Syllabus 2020 for Business Studies

Refer to the table given below to check the unit-wise important topics and marks allotted for each unit. There will be 31 questions of 100 marks in the question paper of Business studies. The time duration for this paper is 3 hours.

Manipur Board 12th Syllabus for Business Studies


Important Topics


Nature and Significance of Management

(a) Management – Concept, Objective, Importance.

(b) Management as Science, Art, Profession.

(c) Levels of Management.

(d) Management Functions – Planning, Organising, Staffing, Directing and Controlling.

(e) Coordination – Characteristics and Importance.


Principles of Management

Principles of Management – Concept, Nature and Significance.

(b) Fayol’s Principles of Management.

(c) Taylor’s Scientific Management – Principles and Techniques.


Business Environment

a) Business Environment – Concept, Importance.

(b) Dimensions of Business Environment – Economic, Social, Technological, Political and Legal.

(c) Concept of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization Business and Industry.

(d) Impact of Government Policy, Changes on Business and Industry with special reference to Liberalization, Privatization, Globalisation



(a) Concept, Importance, Limitations.

(b) Planning Process.

(c) Types of plans – Objective, Strategy, Policy, Procedure, Method, Rule, Budget, Programme.



(a) Concept and importance.

(b) Steps in the process of Organising.

(c) Structure of Organisation – Functional and Divisional.

(d) Formal and Informal Organisation.

(e) Delegation: Concept, Elements and Importance.

(f) Decentralization: Concept and Importance.



(a) Concept and Importance of staffing.

(b) Staffing as a part of Human Resource Management.

(c) Staffing Process: Recruitment – Meaning and Sources: Selection – Process

(d) Training and Development – Concept and Importance.



(a) Concept and Importance.

(b) Elements of Directing

– Supervision – Concept, Functions of a Supervisor.
– Motivation – Concept, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs.
– Financial and Non-Financial Incentives.
– Leadership – Concept, Qualities of a good leader.
– Communication – Concept, Formal and Informal Communication, Barriers to effective communication



(a) Concept and Importance.

(b) Relationship between Planning and Controlling.

(c) Steps in the process of Control.


Financial Management

(a) Concept, Objective of financial management.

(b) Decisions relating to Investment, Financing and Dividend.

(c) Financial Planning: Concept and Importance

(d) Financial Structure – Concept and Factors affecting

(e) Fixed and Working capital – Concept and Factors affecting its requirements.


Financial Markets

(a) Financial Markets: Concept and Types.

(b) Money market and its Instruments.

(c) Capital market and its types (Primary and Secondary).

(d) Stock Exchange – Functions, Trading Procedure (NSDL and CDSL).

(e) NSEI – Objectives.

(f) Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI) – Objectives and Functions.


Marketing Management

(a) Marketing – Meaning, Functions, Marketing v/s Selling.

(b) Marketing Management Philosophies.

(c) Marketing Mix – Concept.

• Product – Concept, Branding, Labeling and Packaging.

• Price – Factors determining price.

• Physical Distribution – Concept, Channels of distribution: Types, Choice

of channels.

• Promotion – Concept and Elements; Advertising – Concept, role,

Objections against Advertising, Personal selling – Concept and Qualities

of a good salesman, Sales Promotion – Concept and Techniques, Publicity –

Concept and Role.


Consumer Protection

(a) Concept and Importance of Consumer Protection.

(b) Consumer Protection Act 1986.

– Meaning of Consumer and consumer protection.

– Rights and Responsibilities of consumers

– Who can file a complaint and against whom?

– Redressal Machinery.

– Remedies available.

(c) Consumer Awareness – Role of consumer organizations and NGOs.


Project Work (to be conducted by the institution)

Manipur Board 12th Syllabus 2020 for Geography

There will be one Theory and one practical examination for Geography examination. The total marks for theory exam is 70 whereas for practical marks the maximum marks 30. Exam duration for theory examination is 3 hours. Check the Manipur Board 12th syllabus 2020 for Geography from the table below.

Manipur Board 12th Syllabus for Geography - Theory Exam


Important Topics


A. Fundamentals of Human Geography

(30 Marks)

Human Geography-

Nature and Scope



  • Population of world−distribution, density and growth;

  • Population change−spatial patterns and structure; determinants of population change

  • Age−Sex ratio, rural−urban composition;

  • Human development−concept; selected indicators, international comparisons


Human Activities

  • Primary activities−Concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining,

  • subsistence agriculture, modern agriculture

  • Secondary activities−Concept; manufacture: agro-processing, household,

  • Tertiary activities−Concept; trade, transport and communication; Services

  • Quaternary activities


Transport, Communication and Trade

  • Land transport−roads, railways−rail network; trans−continental railways;

  • Water transport−inland waterways; major Ocean routes;

  • Oil and gas pipelines;

  • Satellite Communication and Cyberspace.

  • International trade


Human settlements

  • Settlement types−rural and urban; morphology of cities (case study)

  • Distribution of mega cities; problems of human settlements in developing countries.


B. India: People and Economy

(30 Marks)


  • Population−distribution, density and growth;

  • Human development−selected indicators and regional patterns;

  • Population, environment and development


Human settlements

  • Rural settlements−types and distribution; Urban settlements−types, distribution and functional classification.


Resources and Development

  • Land resources

  • ‘Water resources

  • Mineral and energy resources

  • Industries−types and distribution

  • Impact of liberalization, privatization and globalization on industrial location

  • Planning in India−target area planning (case study); the idea of sustainable development.


Transport, Communication and International Trade

Transport and communication−roads, railways, waterways and airways; oil and

gas pipelines; national electric grids; Communication networking−radio, television,

satellite and internet;

(b) International trade−changing pattern of India’s foreign trade; sea ports and their

hinterland, and airports.


Geographical perspective on selected issues and problems

(a) Environmental pollution; Urban−waste disposal;

(b) Urbanisation; rural-urban migration; problem of slums;

(c) Land Degradation.


Manipur: People and Economy

(10 Marks)

People and Human Settlement

  • Population: distribution, density and growth; composition−linguistic and religious;

  • structure−age−sex; participation−workers and non−workers;

  • Human settlements: types−rural & urban, distribution pattern and urban functional

  • classification.


Resources and Development

  • Forest products, conservation of forests for ecological balance, Land resources, water resources, mineral and energy resources; Industries


Transport, Communication and Trade

  • Transport and communication−roads, railways, waterways and airways

  • Communication networking−radio, television, satellite and internet.

  • International trade; Indo−Myanmar border trade.


Manipur Board 12th Syllabus for Geography - Practical Exam



Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping


Field Study or spatial Information Technology


Practical Record Book






Manipur Board 12th Syllabus 2020 for Chemistry

The examination of Chemistry is conducted in two parts, theory and practicals. Total marks for theory examination is 70, whereas the practical exam will be conducted for 30 marks. The number of questions in the theory exam will be 34, which is to be solved in 3 hours. Check the detailed Manipur board class 12 syllabus and marking scheme of chemistry from the table below.

Manipur Board 12th Syllabus for Chemistry - Practical Exam


Important Topics


Solid State

  • General characteristic of solid state

  • Classification of crystalline solids

  • Close packed structures

  • Packing Efficiency

  • Imperfection in solids

  • Electrical and Magnetic Properties



  • Types of solutions

  • Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point

  • Depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties

  • Abnormal molecular mass

  • van’t Hoff factor and calculations involving it.


  • Electrochemical cells, Galvanic cells, Nernst Equation, Conductance of Electrolytic Solutions, Electrolytic Cells and Electrolysis, Batteries, Fuel cells and corrosion.

Chemical Kinetics

  • Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction

  • Integrated rate equations and half-life (only for zero and first order reactions)

  • Concept of collision theory

Surface Chemistry

  • Adsorption - physisorption and chemisorption

  • Activity and selectivity

  • True solutions, colloidal solutions and suspensions; lyophilic

  • Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsion-elements idea of nanomaterials.

General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

  • Principles and method of extraction - concentration, oxidation, reduction

  • Thermodynamic Principles of Metallurgy

  • Electrochemical Principles of Metallurgy and refining,

  • Uses of aluminum, copper, zinc and iron.


The p-Block elements

  • Group 15 elements

  • Group 16 elements

  • Group 17 elements

  • Group 18 elements

The d- and f- Block Elements

  • General introduction

  • Lanthanoids - electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.

  • Actinoids - Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids.

  • Some application d- and f- Block elements

Coordination Compounds

  • Werner’s Theory of co-ordination Compound

  • Definition of some important terms pertaining to Coordination Compounds

  • Nomenclature of Co-ordination compounds

  • Isomerism in co-ordination compounds

  • Bonding in metal carbonyl

Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

  • Haloalkanes: Classification, Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond,

  • Method of preparation of Haloalkanes, physical and chemical properties,

  • Mechanism of substitution reactions. Stability of carbocations, R-S and D-L configurations.

  • Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, method of preparation of

  • Haloarenes substitution reactions


Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

  • Classification

  • Nomenclature structures of functional groups

  • Physical properties and chemical reactions of Ethers

Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic acids

  • Nomenclature and structure of carbonyl group

  • Preparation of aldehydes and ketones

  • Physical properties and chemical reactions

  • Uses of aldehydes and ketones.

  • Nomenclature and structure of carboxyl groups - Methods of

  • Preparation of Carboxylic acids


  • Structure of Amines, classification and nomenclature of amines, preparation of amines


  • Carbohydrates: Structure of glucose and fructose, disaccharides, polysaccharides, cellulose and importance of carbohydrates.

  • Proteins: Aminoacids and its classification, structure of protein and denaturation of protein.

  • Enzymes: Mechanism of Enzyme action.

  • Vitamins: Classification and Importance of Vitamins.

  • Nucleic acids: Chemical compostion, function of nucleic acids.

  • Hormones: Its functions.



  • Classification of polymers -- types of polymerisation reactions

  • Molecular mass of polymers

  • Biodegradable polymers of commercial importance

Chemistry in Everyday life

  • Drugs and their classification, Drug-target interaction

  • Therapeutic action of different classes of drugs

  • Chemicals in food, cleansing agents


70 Marks

Manipur Board 12th Syllabus for Chemistry - Practical Exam



Volumetric Analysis


Salt Analysis


Content-Based Experiment


Class record and viva




Manipur Board 12th Syllabus 2020 for Biology

The question paper of the theory exam is of 3 hours duration carrying 70 marks. Total of 34 questions will be asked in the theory examination. The practical exam will be of 30 marks. Manipur board prescribes NCERT Of class 12 for Biology. Refer to the tables below for the complete Manipur council class 12 syllabus.

Manipur Board 12th Syllabus for Biology - Theory Exam


Important Topics



  • Reproduction in Organisms

  • Sexual Reproduction in flowering Plants

  • Human Reproduction

  • Reproductive Health


Genetics and Evolution

  • Principles of Inheritance and Variation

  • Molecular Basis of Inheritance

  • Evolution


Biology and Human Welfare

  • Human Health and Disease

  • Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production

  • Microbes in Human welfare

  • Microbes as Biocontrol agents and Biofertilizers.



  • Biotechnology

  • Biotechnology and Its Application



  • Organisms and Populations

  • Ecosystem

  • Biodiversity and Conservation

  • Environmental Issues

  • Degradation by Improper Resource utilization and maintenance.

  • Deforestation, Case Study of People’s Participation in Conservation of forests.


Manipur Board 12th Syllabus for Chemistry - Practical Exam



Experiments and spotting


Record of one investigatory project and Viva based on the project


Class record and Viva based on experiment



30 Marks

How to download Manipur Board 12th Syllabus 2020?

The steps to download the Manipur Board class 12 syllabus is given below.

Step 1- Visit the website

Step 2 - Now click on the link ‘Syllabus for class XII’

Step 3 - The list of subjects along with the downloadable links will now appear on your screen.

Step 4 - Click on the particular subject you want to download the syllabus for.

Step 5 - Now download the Manipur Board 12th Syllabus 2020 and save it for further references.

Reference books for Manipur Board 12th Syllabus 2020


Prescribed Books


  • Fundamentals of Human Geography by NCERT

  • India: People and Economy by NCERT

  • Manipur: People and Economy by NCERT

  • Geography for Class XII by D.R. Khullar

  • Geography for Class XII by Yash Pal Singh


  • Introduction to Macro-Economics by H.L. Ahuja

  • Indian Economic Development published by NCERT, New Delhi.

  • Introductory Macroeconomics by Dr. Deepashree

Business Studies

  • Comprehensive Business Studies (for Class XII) By S.A. Siddiqui

  • Business Studies (For Class XII) By R.K. Singla


  • Chemistry Part I & II (Textbook for class XII) - By NCERT

  • A Textbook of Chemistry Book-II by R.L. Madan

  • Conceptual Chemistry for Class XII by S.K. Jain


  • Biology (Text Book for Class XII) by NCERT.

  • A Textbook of Biology Book-II by R.C. Rajkhowa

  • Elementary Biology Vol. II By K.N. Bhatia and M.P. Tyagi

Preparation tips for Manipur Board 12th Syllabus 2020

  • Students should first check the complete Manipur council class 12 syllabus and marking scheme and plan their routines.

  • Analyze the Manipur board 12th question papers and check the important topics that have been asked previously.

  • Make short notes of all the important topics and revise everything on a regular basis.

  • Work more on your weak areas, practice more often of the topics that you are finding difficult.

  • Finish your entire COHSEM class 12 syllabus at least a month before the announcement of Manipur board 12th time table, so that you will have ample amount of time to revise.

Quick Links

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) - Manipur Board 12th Syllabus 2020

Question: When will be the Manipur Board 12th exam conduct?


Exams will be conducted from February 14 to March 23, 2020.  

Question: What is the difficulty level of questions asked in class 12?


50% of the questions asked in the exam are of average difficulty level.

Question: From where can I download the Manipur board 12th syllabus 2020?


The COHSEM class 12 syllabus is available to download at

Question: Is NCERT enough to cover the Manipur board class 12 syllabus 2020?


Yes, Manipur Board prescribes NCERT. Although students can refer to other books as well for practice purposes.

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how do i score more mark ? like how to write and concentrate plus memorize more quickly and sooner....any suggestions question for art

IMran Mir 5th Jan, 2020

Hi there Tingneilhai tuboi

Hope you're having a great day.

I have various techniques which you can implement everyday for memorization and it will also not be very taxing on the body.

You can start with meditation being one of the prime aspects for increasing memory power and retain information as you see it.

Additionally you can also use these methods while meditation is on par everyday for at least 30 days.

Listed below are some methods you can use for memorization and better understanding.

  • Assign meaningfulness to things.
  • Learn general and specific later.
  • Recite out loud in your own words until you don't need to refer to your notes.
  • Teach someone else.
  • Use memory devices.

If all this helps, please let know and I'll reply to your comments as soon as possible.

Hope this helps and have a bright future ahead.

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