How to study law after 12th – Career in law in India was seen as a family profession in early times. With demand for legal professionals on the rise, the sector has witnessed a strategic and substantial change over the last few decades. There is a huge demand for legal professionals in various corporate houses, law agencies, law firms, litigation, administrative services apart from the court. Hence, the increase in demand for law education. Students who complete their school in any stream i.e Science, Commerce or Humanities can pursue their higher education in law. Skills like good communication, analytical, persuasiveness and making quick, reliable judgment are an add-on to making a career in this field. Also, one must note that he/she will be required to do a lot of reading so, be prepared to spend long hours in the library. This article on ‘How to study law after 12th’ will provide you information on how to go about making a career in law, the available courses, the employment prospects and much more.
An undergraduate degree in law or an L.L.B degree provides an understanding of the functions of law and of the legal system. It also teaches an appreciation of the place of rules of law in the construction of politics and society. L.L.B. students learn that law is not a body of knowledge stored in libraries, but a presence all around us, constantly evident in our social, civil and business interactions. Education in law lets students combine theory with practise and case-based learning which isn’t a regular feature of other subjects in India. Here’s how you can study law after 12th.
Students passing from school in Science stream can opt for B.Sc L.L.B (Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Legislative Law) or B.Tech L.L.B (Bachelor in Technology and Bachelor of Legislative Law) which is a 5 year and 6-year programme respectively. Those clearing 12thin Commerce or Arts can choose from B.Com L.L.B (Bachelor in Commerce and Bachelor in Legislative Law), BBA L.L.B (Bachelors in Business Administration and Bachelor in Legislative Law) or BA L.L.B (Bachelors in Arts and Bachelors in Legislative Law) each a 5-year programme. There is also a programme for candidates who wish to pursue law after completing their graduation. L.L.B (Bachelors in Legislative Law) is a 3-year programme offered by many universities/institutes for such graduates.
In India, Bar Council of India regulates the L.L.B degree. Admission to the above-mentioned L.L.B programmes in all universities/institutes except for Tamilnadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University (TNDALU) is conducted by entrance exam. Common Law Admission Test or CLAT is one of the most popular law entrance examinations held annually for admissions to five-year integrated law programmes (BA LLB, B.Com LLB, B.Sc LLB and BBA LLB) in as many as 19 NLUs (National Law Universities) including MLNU Mumbai, MNLU Nagpur and MNLU Aurangabad). Admissions to TNDALU is done on the basis of marks scored in Class 12. Admission to B.Tech L.L.B in UPES is conducted on the basis of score in ULSAT (UPES Law School Admission Test). The top law colleges providing UG degree in law are listed below.
National Law School of India University, Bangalore
National Academy of Legal Studies and Research, Hyderabad
West Bengal National University of Judicial Sciences, Kolkata
National Law University, Jodhpur
Banaras Hindu University
Common Law Admission Test or CLAT is conducted annually by National Law Universities (NLUs) for admission to their undergraduate Law programmes (BA LLB, B.Com LLB, BBA L.L.B and B.Sc. LLB). The entrance exam is held in an online mode. The test comprises 200 objective questions. CLAT is usually conducted in the month of May every year.
UPES Law Studies Aptitude Test (ULSAT) is organised by University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES) Dehradun for admissions into its five-year integrated law programmes. ULSAT 2018 is held in computer-based and pen-and-paper based mode. The exam will consist of 150 questions and will be of 3 hour duration.
Delhi University conducts DU L.L.B for admission into the three-year L.L.B programme in the three participating institutes. The exam is conducted in the month of July every year. The exam conducted in offline mode will be of 2 hour duration. The total number of questions are 175. Every correct answer will fetch 4 marks and 1 mark will be deducted for every wrong attempt.
Banaras Hindu University conducts BHU L.L.B in May every year for admissions to its three-year law programmes. The exam conducted in offline mode is of 2 hours duration. The total number of questions is 150 which are objective in nature. The total marks of the exam is 450 where each correct answer will carry 3 marks and 1 mark will be deducted for an incorrect attempt.
After obtaining the graduation degree in law, students who have to sit for AIBE (All India Bar Examination) to get Certificate of Practice. Only after getting the Certificate of Practice, a candidate can litigate in the court of law. This examination is conducted by Bar Council of India.
After obtaining an undergraduate degree in law, one can go for specialisation in the domain. Those interested in making a career in academics or practice in a specialised field of law can go on to pursue Masters in law (L.L.M). Students can pursue L.L.M in different streams of specialisations like IPR (Intellectual Property Rights), Cyber Law, Business Law, Human Rights Law, Corporate & Commercial law and many more. Top colleges offering L.L.M programme are listed below.
Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi
IPU CET LLM
Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
JMI Law Entrance Exam
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Lovely Professional University, Phagwara
Guru Govind Singh Indraprastha University (GGSIPU) conducts IPU CET LLM for admissions to post graduate law programmes in its affiliated colleges. The exam of two-and-a-half-hour duration is usually conducted in the month of April. The question paper comprises of 150 objective type questions of 4 marks each. Negative marking is applicable on wrong attempts.
JMI Law Entrance is conducted by Faculty of Law, Jamia Milia Islamia University for admissions to its LLM Programmes. The exam will consist of Multiple choice questions. Every wrong attempt will attract a penalty of 0.25 marks.
Banaras Hindu University conducts Postgraduate Entrance Test (PET) for admission to its L.L.M programme. It is conducted in offline mode in the month of May every year. Every correct answer will carry 4 marks and a wrong attempt will attract a penalty of 1 mark.
With increasing demand for legal professionals in every sector, there are many employment avenues for law graduates. They can find career opportunities in different sectors. Some of them are mentioned below:
Legal Process Outsourcing (LPO)
To conclude, if you are smart, presentable and not scared to voice your opinion, Law is definitely a career you should consider!
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