About Telangana Intermediate Board 2019

Telangana State Board of Secondary Education, commonly known as TSBIE is an academic board set up for conducting and regulating the intermediate study and examinations in the state. Telangana intermediate examinations have been held during February 27, 2019 to March 16, 2019. The official date sheet of Telangana intermediate board exam 2019 mentions the date and timing of all the subjects. Admit cards for class 12 board examination were released a few days before the exams began. Students could download the hall ticket online from the official website of Telangana intermediate board. The admit card of TSBIE 12th 2019 consists of the student's name, roll number, information about the examination centre and exam schedule. Students had to submit the examination application form along with due fees within the deadline to be able to sit for the exam. Results of Telangana intermediate exams 2019 was released on April 18, 2019 in the online mode. Revaluation result has been released on May 27, and supplementary 2nd year result was made available on July 14, 2019.

Exam level: Intermediate
Frequency: Once a year
Languages Arabic, English +9 More
Conducting Body: Telangana State Board of Intermediate Education
Duration 3 Hours

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Telangana Intermediate Board 2019 Important Dates

Past Dates and Events

14 Jul, 2019

Result - 2nd year Supply | Mode: Online

27 May, 2019

Result - Re-evaluation | Mode: Online

18 Apr, 2019

Result - Annual | Mode: Online

18 Mar, 2019

Exam - Modern language paper-II, Geography paper-II | Mode: Offline

15 Mar, 2019

Exam - Geology paper-II, Home sciences paper-II, Public administration paper-II, Logic paper-II, Bridge course maths paper-II (for BI.P.C. candidates) | Mode: Offline

13 Mar, 2019

Exam - Chemistry paper-II, Commerce paper-II, Sociology paper-II, Fine arts, Music paper-II | Mode: Offline

11 Mar, 2019

Exam - Physics paper-II, Economics paper-II, Classical language paper-II | Mode: Offline

08 Mar, 2019

Exam - Mathematics paper-IIB, Zoology paper-II, History paper-II | Mode: Offline

06 Mar, 2019

Exam - Part III: Mathematics paper - IIA, Botany paper-II, Civics paper-II, Psychology paper-n | Mode: Offline

02 Mar, 2019

Exam - Part I: English paper - II | Mode: Offline

28 Feb, 2019

Exam - Part II: 2nd language paper - II | Mode: Offline

Telangana Intermediate Board 2019 Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible to appear for TS board class 12th exams, students had to meet the minimum requirements set by TSBIE. The eligibility criteria for TS board class 12th is given below: 

  • Student must have passed the 11th class. 
  • Student must be in a school affiliated to TSBIE or a board recognised by TSBIE.
  • Student must have the minimum required attendance in class 12. 
  • Student must have submitted their application form for appearing in TSBIE along with the fees before the last date.
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Telangana Intermediate Board 2019 Application Process

Mode of Application : Offline

Students taking the TS intermediate board must fill the exam application form which was available on the official website of TSBIE. Students will have to download the form and fill it offline. The completely filled Telangana board 12th application form 2019 must have been submitted to the school in which the student is enrolled along with the examination fee and passport sized photographs of the student.

Telangana Intermediate Board 2019 Syllabus

Botany
Plant physiology Transport in plants
Means of transport -diffusion,facilitated diffusion
Passive symports and antiports
Active transport
Comparison of different transport processes
Plant-water relations
Water Potential
Osmosis
Plasmolysis
Imbibition
Long distance transport of water
Water movement up a plant
Root pressure
Transpiration pull
Transpiration
Opening and closing of stomata
Transpiration and photosynthesis
Uptake and transport of mineral nutrients
Uptake of mineral ions
Translocation of mineral ions
Phloem transport
Flow from source to sink
The pressure flow or mass flow hypothesis
Mineral nutrition
Methods to study the mineral requirements of plants
Essential mineral elements
Criteria for essentiality
Macronutrients
Micronutrients
Role of macro and micronutrients
Deficiency symptoms of essential elements
Toxicity of micronutrients
Mechanism of absorption of elements
Translocation of solutes
Soil as reservoir of essential elements
Metabolism of nitrogen
Nitrogen cycle
Biological Nitrogen fixation
Symbiotic nitrogen fixation
Nodule formation
Enzymes
Chemical reactions
Enzymatic conversions
Nature of enzyme action
Factors affecting enzyme activity
Temperature and ph
Concentration of substrate
Classification and nomenclature of enzymes
Co-factors
Photosynthesis in higher plants
Early experiments
Site of photosynthesis
Pigments involved in Photosynthesis
Light reaction
The electron transport
Splitting of water
Cyclic and non- cyclic photo
Phosphorylation
Chemiosmotic hypothesis
Biosynthetic phase
The primary acceptor of co2
The calvin cycle
The c4 pathway
Photorespiration
Factors affecting photosynthesis
Respiration of plants
Cellular respiration
Glycolysis
Fermentation
Aerobic respiration
Tricarboxylic acid cycle
Electron transport system (ets) and oxidative phosphorylation
The respiratory balance sheet
Amphibolic pathway
Respiratory quotient
Plant growth and development
Growth
Plant growth
Phases of growth
Growth rates
Conditions for growth
Differentiation
Dedifferentiation and Redifferentiation
Development
Plant growth regulators
Physiological effects of plant growth regulators
Auxins
Gibberevlins
Cytokinins
Ethylene
Abscisic acid
Seed dormancy
Photoperiodism
Vernalisation
Microbiology Bacteria
Morphology of bacteria
Bacterial cell structure nutrition
Reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Conjugation
Transformation
Transduction
The importance of bacteria to humans
Viruses
Discovery
Classification of viruses
Structure of viruses
Multiplication of bacteriophages
The lysogenic cycle
Viral diseases in plants
Viral diseases in humans
Genetics Principles of Inheritance and Variation
Mendel's experiments
Inheritance of one gene(monohybrid cross)
Back cross and test cross
Law of dominance
Law of segregation or law of purity of gametes
Deviations from mendelian concept of dominance
Incomplete dominance
Codominance
Explanation of the concept of dominance
Inheritance of two genes
Law of independent assortment
Chromosomal theory of inheritance
Linkage and recombination
Mutations
Significance of mutations
Molecular biology Molecular basis of Inheritance
The dna structure of polynucleotide chain
Packaging of dna helix
The search for genetic material
Transforming principle
Biochemical characterisation of transforming principle
The genetic material is dna
Properties of genetic material(dna versus rna)
Rna world replication
Trie experimental proof
The machinery and the enzymes
Transcription
Transcription unit
Transcription unit and the gene
Types of rna and the process of transcription
Genetic code
Mutations and genetic code
Trna
The adapter molecule
Translation
Regulation of gene expression
The lac operon
Biotechnology Principles and processes of biotechnology
Principles of biotechnology
Construction of the first artificial recombinant dna molecule
Tools of recombinant dna technology
Restriction enzymes
Cloning vectors
Competent host(for transformation with recombinant dna)
Processes of recombinant dna technology
Isolation of the genetic material(dna)
Cutting of dna at specific locations
Separation and isolation of dna fragments
Insertion of isolated gene into a suitable vector
Amplification of gene of interest using pcr
Insertion of recombinant dna into the host
Cell/organism
Selection of transformed host cells
Obtaining the foreign gene product
Downstream processing
Biotechnology and its applications
Biotechnological applications in agriculture
Bt cotton
Pest resistant plants
Other applications of biotechnology insulin
Gene therapy
Molecular diagnosis
Elisa
DNA fingerprinting
Transgenic plants
Bio-safety and ethical issues
Bio piracy
Plants, microbes and human welfare Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
Plant breeding
What is plant breeding
Wheat and rice,sugarcane
Millets
Plant breeding for disease resistance
Methods of breeding for disease resistance
Mutation
Plant breeding for developing resistance to insect pests
Plant breeding for improved food quality
Single cell protein (scp)
Tissue culture
Microbes in human welfare
Microbes in household products
Fermented beverages
Antibiotics
Chemicals
Enzymes and other bioactive molecules
Microbes in sewage treatment
Primary treatment
Microbes in production of biogas
Microbes as biocontrol agents
Biological control of pests and diseases
Microbes as biofertilisers
Challenges posed by microbes
Chemistry
Solid state General characteristics of solid state
Amorphous and crystalline solids
Classification of crystalline solids based on different binding forces(molecular,ionic,metallic and covalent solids)
Probing the structure of solids
X-ray crystallography
Crystal lattices and unit cells
Bravais lattices primitive and centred unit cells
Number of atoms in a unit cell (primitive,bodycentered and face centered cubic unit cell)
Close packed structures
Close packing in one dimension,two dimensions and three dimensions
Tetrahedral and octahedral voids
Formula of a compound and number of voids filled
Locating tetrahedral and octahedral voids
Packing efficiency in simple cubic
Bcc and in hcp
Ccp lattice
Calculations involving unit cell dimensions
Density of the unit cell
Imperfections in solids types of point defects -stoichiometric and nonstoichiometric defects
Semiconductors and Insulators
Band theory of metals
Magnetic properties
Solutions Types of solutions
Expressing concentration of solutions mass percentag
Volume percentage
Mass by volume percentage
Parts per million
Mole fraction
Molarity and molality
Solubility product, common ion effect, pH and buffer solutions
Solubility of a solid in a liquid
Solubility of a gas in a liquid
Henry's law
Vapour pressure of liquid solutions
Vapour pressure of liquid
Liquid solutions
Raoult's law as a special case of henry's law
Vapour pressure of solutions of solids in liquids
Ideal and non-ideal solutions
Colligative properties and determination of molar mass
Relative lowering of vapour pressure
Elevation of boiling point
Depression of freezing point
Osmosis and osmotic pressure
Reverse osmosis and water purification
Abnormal molar masses
Van't Hoff factor
Electrochemistry and chemical kinetics Electrochemistry
Electrochemical cells
Galvanic cells :measurement of electrode potentials
Nernst equation-equilibrium constant from nernst equation
Electrochemical cell and gibbs energy of the cell reaction
Conductance of electrolytic solutions
Measurement of the conductivity of ionic solutions
Variation of conductivity and molar conductivity with concentration
Strong electrolytes and weak electrolytes
Applications of kohlrausch's law
Electrolytic cells and electrolysis
Faraday's laws of electrolysis
Products of electrolysis
Batteries -primary batteries and secondary batteries
Fuel cells
Corrosion of metals
Hydrogen economy
Chemical kinetics Rate of a chemical reaction
Factors influencing rate of a reaction
Dependance of rate on concentration
Rate expression and rate constant
Order of a reaction
Molecularity of a reaction
Integrated rate equations
Zero order reactions
First order reactions
Half life of a reaction
Pseudo first order reaction
Temperature dependence of the rate of a reaction effect of catalyst
Collision theory of chemical reaction rates
Surface chemistry Adsorption and absorption
Distinction between adsorption and absorption
Mechanism of adsorption
Types of adsorption
Characteristics of physisorption
Characteristics of chemisorptions
Adsorption isotherms
Adsorption from solution phase
Applications of adsorption
Catalysis
Catalysts
Promoters and poisons
Auto catalysis
Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis
Adsorption theory of heterogeneous catalysis
Important features of solid catalysts
Activity
Selectivity shape
Selective catalysis by zeolites
Enzyme catalysis -characteristics and mechanism
Catalysts in industry
Colloids
Classification of colloids
Classification based on physical state of dispersed phase and dispersion medium
Classification based on nature of interaction between dispersed phase and dispersion medium
Classification based on type of particles of the dispersed phase
Multi molecular
Macromolecular and associated colloids
Cleansing action of soaps
Preparation of colloids
Purification of colloidal solutions
Properties of colloidal solutions
Tyndal effect colour
Brownian movement
Charge on colloidal particles
Electrophoresis
Emulsions
Colloids around us
Application of colloids
General principles of metallurgy Occurance of metals
Concentration of ores and levigation
Magneticseparation
Frothf loatation
Leaching
Extraction of crude metal from concentrated oreconversion to oxide
Reduction of oxide to the metal
Thermodynamic principles of metallurgy
Ellingham diagram -limitations,applications
Extraction of iron,copper and zinc from their oxides
Electrochemical principles of metallurgy
Oxidation and reduction
Refining of crude metal-distillation
Liquationpoling
Electrolysis
Zone refining and vapour phase refining
Uses of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron
P-block elements Group-15 elements
Occurance of group-15 elements
Electronic configuration of group-15 elements
Atomic and ionic radii of group-15 elements
Ionisationenergy of group-15 elements
Electronegativity of group-15 elements
Physical and chemical properties of group-15 elements
Dinitrogen -preparation,properties and uses
Compounds of Nitrogen
Preparation and properties of ammonia
Oxides of Nitrogen
Preparation and properties of nitric acid
Phosphorous-allotropic forms
Phosphine-preparation and properties
Phosphorous halides
Oxoacids of phosphorous
Group-16 elements
Occurance electronic configuration of group-16 elements
Atomic and ionic radii of group-16 elements
Ionisationenthalpy of group-16 elements
Electron gain enthalpy of group-16 elements
Electronegativity of group-16 elements
Physical and chemical properties of group-16 elements
Dioxygen -preparation,properties and uses
Simple oxides
Ozone -preparation,properties ,structure and uses
Sulphur-allotropic forms
Sulphur dioxide-preparation ,properties and uses
Oxoacides of sulphur
Sulphuric acid-industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses
Group-17 elements
Occurance electronic configuration of group-17 elements
Atomic and ionic radii of group-17 elements
Ionisation enthalpy of group-17 elements
Electron gain enthalpy of group-17 elements
Electronegativity of group-17 elements
Physical and chemical properties of group-17 elements
Chlorine-preparation, properties and uses
Hydrogen chloride -preparation ,properties and uses
Oxoacids of halogens
Interhalogen compounds
Group-18 elements
Ionization enthalpy of group-18 elements
Atomic radii ,electron gain enthalpy of group-18 elements
Physical and chemical properties(a) xenon-fluorine compounds xef2,xef4 and xef6
Preperation,hydrolysis and formation of fluoro anionsstructures of xef2, xef4 and xef6 (b) xenon-oxygen compounds xeo3 and xeof4 - their formation and structures
D and f block elements and coordination compounds D and f block elements
Position in the periodic table
Electronic configuration of the d-block elements
General properties of the transition elements (d-block) -physical properties
Variation in atomic and ionic sizes of transition series
Ionisation enthalpies,oxidation states
Trends in the m²+/m and m³+/m²+ standard electrode potentials
Trends in stability of higher oxidation states
Chemical reactivity and ej values
Magnetic properties
Formation of coloured ions
Formation of complex compounds
Catalytic properties
Formation of interstitial compounds alloy formation
Some important compounds of transition elements,oxides and oxoanions of metals,preparation and properties of potassium dichromate and potassium permanganate,structures of chromate
Dichromate
Manganate and permanganate ions
Inner transition elements(f-block)-lanthanoids
Electronic configuration of lanthanoids
Atomic and ionic sizes of lanthanoids
Oxidation states and general characteristics of lanthanoids
Actinoids -electronic configuration ,oxidation states,atomic and ionic sizes
General characteristics and comparision of actnoids with lanthanoids
Some applications of d and f block elements
Co-ordination compounds: nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, cistrans and ionisation isomerisms, hybridization and geometries of mononuclear coordination compounds (linear, tetrahedral, square planar and octahedral)
Werner's theory of coordination compounds
Definitions of some terms used in coordination compounds
Nomenclature of coordination compounds
IUPAC nomenclature
Isomerism in coordination compounds
Stereo isomerism
Geometrical and optical isomerism
Structural isomerism-linkage,coordination, ionisation and solvate isomerism
Bonding in coordination compounds
Valence bond theory -magnetic properties of coordination compounds
Limitations of valence bond theory
Crystal field theory
Crystal field splitting in octahedral and tetrahedral coordination entities
Colour in coordination compounds and limitations of crystal field theory
Bonding in metal carbonyls
Stability of coordination compounds
Importance and applications of coordination compounds
Polymers Classification of polymers
Classification based on source
Structure and mode of polymerization
Molecular forces and growth polymerization
Types of polymerization reactions-addition polymerization or chain growth polymerization,ionic polymerization
Free radical mechanism,preparation of addition polymers,polythene
Teflon and poly acrylonitrile
Condensation polymerization or step growth polymerization
Polyamides
Preparation of nylon and nylon 6-poly esters terylenebakelite
Melamine
Formaldehyde polymer
Copolymerization
rubber,natural rubber and vulcanisation of rubber
Synthetic rubbers
Preparation of neoprene and buna-n
Molecular mass of polymers
Number average and weight average ,molecular masses,poly dispersity index
Biodegradable polymers-phbv
Nylon 2-nylon 6
Polymers of commercial importance
Poly propene,poly styrene
Poly vinyl chloride(pvc)
Urea-formaldehyde resin
Glyptal
Bakelite
Monomers ,structures and uses of poly propene,poly styrene,poly vinyl chloride,urea-formaldehyde,glyptal and bakelite
Biomolecules Carbohydrates
Classification of carbohydrates
Monosaccharides preparation of glucose from sucrose and starch
Properties and structure of glucose- d,l and (+), (-) configurations of glucose
Structure of fructose disaccharides
Sucrose preparation and structure
invert sugar
Structures of maltose and lactose
Polysaccharides ,structures of starchcellulose and glycogen
Importance of carbohydrates
Aminoacide :natural aminoacids
Classification of aminoacids
Structures and d and l forms
Zwitter ions proteins -structures and classification
Fibrous and globular
Primary, secondary, tertiary and quarternary structures of proteins
Denaturation of Proteins
Enzymes
Mechanism of enzyme action
Vitamins explanation
Names and classification of vitamins
Sources of vitamins
Deficiency diseases of different types of vitamins
Nucleic acids
Chemical composition of nucleic acids
Structures of nucleic acids
Dna finger printing biological functions of nucleic acids
Hormones -definition and different types of hormones
Hormones production ,biological activity, diseases due to their abnormal activities
Chemistry in everyday life Drugs and their classification
Classification of drugs on the basis of pharmocological effect
Classification of drugs on the basis of drug action
Classification of drugs on the basis of chemical structure
Classification of drugs on the basis of molecular targets
Drug-target interaction-enzymes as drug targets
Catalytic action of enzymes
Drug-enzyme interaction receptors as drug targets
Therapeutic action of different classes of drugs
Antacids
Antihistamines
Neurologically active drugs
Tranquilizers
Analgesics - non-narcotic
Narcotic analgesics
Antimicrobials antibiotics
Antiseptics and disinfectants
Antifertility Drugs
Chemicals in food-artificial sweetening agents
Food preservatives
Antioxidants in food
Cleansing agents -soaps and synthetic detergents
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes Classification and nomenclature
Nature of C-X bond
Methods of preparation of alkyl halides and aryl halides-from alcohols and from hydrocarbons
Methods of preparation of alkyl halides and aryl halides-from alcohols and from hydrocarbons (a)by free radical halogenation
Methods of preparation of alkyl halides and aryl halides-from alcohols and from hydrocarbons (b)by electrophilic substitution
Methods of preparation of alkyl halides and aryl halides-from alcohols and from hydrocarbons (c)by replacement of diazonium group
Methods of preparation of alkyl halides and aryl halides-from alcohols and from hydrocarbons (d)by the addition of hydrogen halides and halogens to alkenes-by halogen exchange(finkelstein reaction)
Physical properties-melting and boiling points ,density and solubility
Chemical reactions
Reactions of haloalkanes
Nucleophilic substitution reactions
Sn2mechanism of nucleophilic substitution reactions
Sn1mechanism of nucleophilic substitution reactions
Stereochemical aspects of nucleophilic substitution reactions -optical activity
Elimination reactions
Reaction with metals-reactions of haloarenes
Nucleophilic substitution
Electrophilic substitution
Reaction with metals
Polyhalogen compounds
Uses and environmental effects of dichloro methane,trichloromethane,trichloromethane,tetrachloro methane,freons and ddt
Organic compounds containing C, H and O (alcohols, phenols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids) Alcohols, phenols and ethers classification
Nomenclature of alcohols,phenols and ethers
Structures of hydroxy and ether functional groups
Methods of preparation -alcohols from alkenes and carbonyl compounds
Methods of preparation -phenols from haloarenes,benzene sulphonic acid,diazonium salts and cumene
Physical propertics of alcohols and phenols
Chemical reactions of alcohols and phenols
Reactions involving cleavage of o-h bond
Acidity of alcohols and phenols, esterification
Reactions involving cleavage of c-o bondreactions with hx, px3, dehydration and oxidation
Reactions of phenols-electrophili aromatic substitution
Kolbe's reaction
Reimer and tiemann reaction
Reaction with zinc dust and oxidation
Commercially important alcohols (methanol and ethanol)
Ethers and methods of preparation
Preperation of ethers by dehydration of alcohols
Williamson synthesis
Physical properties of ethers
Chemical reactions of ethers
Cleavage of c-o bond and electrophilic substitution of aromatic ethers
Aldehydes and Ketones: oxidation, reduction, oxime and hydrazone formation
Nomenclature and structure of carbonyl group
Preparation of aldehydes and ketones -by oxidation of alcohols,by dehydrogenation of alcohols,from hydrocarbons,
Preparation of aldehydes -from acyl chlorides,from nitriles and esters,from hydrocarbons and preparation of ketones,from acyl chlorides,from nitriles,from benzene or substituted benzenes
Physical properties of aldehydes and ketones
Chemical reactions of aldehydes and ketones -nucleophilic addition,reduction,oxidation
Reactions due to -hydrogen and other reactions
Cannizzaroreaction,electrophilic substitution reaction
Uses of aldehydes and ketones
Carboxylic acids: formation of esters, acid chlorides and amides, ester hydrolysis
Nomenclature and structure of carboxylgroup
Methods of preparation of carboxylic acids
Methods of preparation of carboxylic acids -from primary alcohols and aldehydes,from alkylbenzenes,from nitriles and amides,from grignard reagents,from grignard reagents,from esters
Physical properties of carboxylic acids
Chemical reactions of carboxylic acids and alkalies
Uses of carboxylic acids
Organic compounds containing nitrogen Amines:Nomenclature,classification,structure,basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character
Structure of amines
Classification and nomenclature of amines
Preparation of amines reduction of nitro compounds
Ammonolysis of alkyl halides
Reduction of itriles
Reduction of amides
Gabriel phthalimide synthesis and hoffmann bromamide degradation reaction
Physical properties of amines
Chemical reactions of amines
Basic characterstics of amines, alkylation, acylation, carbyl amine reaction
Reaction of amines with nitrous acid and aryl sulphonyl chloride
Electrophilic substitution of aromatic amines -bromination ,nitration and sulphonation
Diazonium salts
Methods of preparation of diazonium salts by diazotization
Physical properties of diazonium salts
Chemical reactions - reactionsinvolvin
Cyanides and Isocyanides
Structure and nomenclature of cyanides and isocyanides
Preparation physical properties and chemical reactions of cyanides and isocyanides
Civics
Historical context of Indian constitution Indian national movement
Different phases of national movement
The government of india acts 1909, 1919,1935 and 1947
Constituent assembly and framing of indian constitution
Philosophy and basic features of indian constitution
Fundamental rights and directive principles Fundamental rights
Directive principles of state policy
Fundamental duties
Union government The president of india
The vice president of india
The prime minister of india
Union council of ministers
Parliament of india
Supreme court of india
High courts
State government The governor
The chief minister
Council of ministers in the state
Legislative assembly
Legislative council
Union-state relations
Sarkaria commission
Finance commission
Inter-state council
Niti ayog
Local governments Grass root political institutions
Rural-panchayat raj institutions
73rd amendment
Urban - municipalities
Municipal corporations
74th amendment
Panchayat raj and urban local bodies in telangana
The district collector
A critical appraisal
Special statutory commissions for protection of citizen rights National commission for human rights
National commission for scheduled castes
National commission for scheduled tribes
National commission for women
National commission for protection of childrens rights
National commission for minorities
National commission for backward classes
National commission for consumer rights
State commissions
Social - political movements and environmental struggles in Telangana Telangana peasant armed struggle
Dalit movement
Tribal movement
Women's movement
Environmental struggles
Emergence of Telangana state Formation of hyderabad state in 1948
Political developments 1948 to 1956
Gentlemen's agreement
Emergence of andhra pradesh
Violation of safeguards
Agitation of 1969
Telangana praja samithi
Reaction to mulki judgement
Intellectual contribution to telangana movement
Telangana movement 2001 to 2014
Constitutional process-a.p
Reorganisation act 2014
Emergence and formation of telangana state
Telangana movement: role of political parties and JACs Role of political parties
Role of jacs
Role of other agencies
Contemporary issues in Indian politics Dynamic nature of indian politics
Regionalsm and regional leadership
Coalition politics and governments
Terrorism
Corruption
Development and displacement
Smart governance Smart governance
Good governance
E-governance
Right to information act- 2005
Transparency and accountability
India and the world Determinants of foreign policy
Basic features of india's foreign policy
India and non-aligned movement
India and brics
India and bimstec
Saarc
United nations organization (uno)
Commerce
Financial markets and stock exchange Financial markets - meaning and concept
Classification of financial markets
Distinction between money market,capital market,primary market,primary market
Money market instruments
Stock exchange -meaning and significance
Listing of securities
Functions of stock exchange
Stock market players
Bulls, bears, stags, lame ducks, jobbers and brokers
Concept of bse and nse, sebi
Business services, banking and other services Business services -nature ,meaning and characteristics
Differences between services and goods
Types of business services
Banking
Insurance
Transportation and warehousing
Banks -meaning and definition
Functions of banks
Classification of banks
E-banking
Atm and anywhere banking
Internet banking
Other services
Insurance -meaning and definition
Features and principles of insurance
Functions and types of insurance
Transport meaning
Definition of transport and transportation
Functions and mode of transport
Warehousing meaning
Features and kinds of warehousing
Irda
Entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship development Entrepreneurship,meaning of entrepreneur
Entrepreneurship and enterprise
Characteristics of entrepreneurship
Need and functions of entrepreneurship
Types of entrepreneurship
Entrepreneurship development meaning
Process of setting up of a business
Process ofentrepreneurship development
Entrepreneurial opportunities in telangana state
Internal and international trade Internal trade- meaning and features
Types of internal trade and manufacturer
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Types of retail trade
Export , special economic zones
International trade meaning
Importance and scope of international trade
Benefits of international trade
Procedures and formalities of export and import trade
Export processing zones
Principles and functions of management Principles of management
Definitions of management
Objectives of management
Nature and levels of management
Management vs administration
Functions of management
Planning definition
Importance and features of planning
Organising -meaning,steps,importance
Staffing -meaning , importance and process
Directing - meaning,importance and principles
Controlling - meaning,importance and limitations
Posdcorb
Accountancy
Depreciation and accounting from incomplete records Depreciation -meaning and significance
Causes of depreciation
Methods of depreciation
Problems on straight line method and reducing balance method -illustrations and exercises
Accounting from incomplete records-meaning ,uses and limitations
Ascertainment of profit/loss by statement of affairs method -illustrations and excersices
Consignment accounts Meaning and significance of consignment
Differences between consignment and sale
Terminology used in consignment accounts
Valuation of unsold stock
Loss of stock
Problems including proforma invoice method -illustrations and exercises
Accounting for not-for-profit organizations Meaning and characteristics
Accounting records
Differences between capital and revenue expenditure
Differences between capital and revenue receipts
Deferred revenue expenditure
Differences between receipt and income
Differences between payment and expenditure
Meaning and accounting treatment of important terms
Preparation of receipts and payments account
Preparation of income and expenditure account
Preparation of balance sheet
Final accounts with adjustments
Illustrations and exercises
Partnership accounts Introduction of partners capital accounts
Fixed and fluctuating capital
Final accounts
Admission and retirement of a partner
Illustrations and exercises
Computerized accounting system Meaning-features-advantages-limitations
Comparison between manual and computerised accounting system
Types of accounting softwares(theory only)
Economics
Economic growth and economic development Concepts of economic growth and economic development
Distinction between growth and development
Objectives of economic development
Indicators of economic development
Factors hindering economic development
Factors promoting economic development
Characteristics of developed economies
Characteristics of developing economies with special reference to india
Population and human resource development Theory of demographic transition
Demographic features of indian population
Concept and causes of population explosion
Occupational distribution of population of india
Sectoral distribution of population of india
Population policies in india
Concept of human resource development
Role of education and health in economic development
Human development index
Views of amartyasen on human development
National income, poverty and unemployment Trends in national income and per capita income in india
Sectoral contribution to national income
Share of public and private sectors in gdp
Inequalities in the distribution of income and wealth
Poverty in india -concept, causes and consequences
Unemployment in india -concept, causes and consequences
Poverty alleviation and employment generation programmes in india
Planning and environment Concept, types and importance of planning
Major objectives of five year plans in india
Review of five year plans
Niti aayog
Rural-urban imbalances
Regional imbalances
Causes, consequences and remedial measures
Concept, types and importance of environment
Concepts of eco-system
Pollution and environmental degradation
Natural resources
Need for environmental protection and sustainability
Agricultural sector Importance and growth of agriculture in indian economy
Causes for low productivity in agriculture
Measures to improve agricultural productivity in india
Land reforms in india
Green revolution and its impact on indian economy
Agricultural credit and rural indebtedness
Agricultural marketing in india
Agricultural pricing in india
Food security
Industrial sector Structure of indian industry
Growth and pattern of industrial development in india
Industrial policy resolutions of 1948, 1956 and 1991
Special economic zones
Role of small scale industries in indian economy
Problems and remedial measures of small scale industries
Issue of sickness -industrial finance
Tertiary sector Importance of tertiary sector in india
Infrastructural development in india
Transport
Energy
Communication and information technology
Science and technology
Banking and insurance of tourism
New economic reforms and foreign sector Liberalisation
Privatisation and globalisation
Disinvestment
Foriegn direct investment
Impact of economic reforms on indian economy
Concepts of international trade
Balance of trade and balance of payments with special reference to india
Role of international trade in indian economic development
Objectives and functions of general agreement on tariffs and trade (gatt) and wto
Wto and indian economy
Economic features of Telangana Economic features of telangana
Gdp and per capita income
Demographic features of telangana
Education and health
Poverty
Unemployment and income inequalities in telangana
Welfare programmes in telangana
Sectoral and infrastructural contribution to Telangana economy Sectoral contribution to telangana economy
Agriculture,industry and tertiary sectors in telangana
Infrastructure development in telangana
Irrigation
Energy
Transport
Communication and information technology
Environment
Tourism sector
Rural- urban imbalances
Regional imbalances
English
Prose Playing the english gentleman - m.k. gandhi
The bet - anton chekov
The mad tea party - lewis carrol
On smiles - a.g. gardiner
The prize poem sir p. g. wodehouse
Sale - anita desai
Riders to the sea - j.m. synge
Poetry Ulysses - alfred lord tennyson
The second coming - w.b. yeats
The unknown citizen - w.h. auden
To the indians who died in south africa -t.s. eliot
The night of the scorpion - nissim ezekiel
Rakhi - vikram seth
Telephone conversation - wole soyinka
Geography
Fundamentals of human and economic geography Human and economic geography - definition
Nature and Scope of financial accounting
Man and environment
World population distribution
Density and growth trends
Factors influencing distribution
Human development =concept,indicators and world patterns
Urbanisation
Migration
Causes and consequences of urbanisation and migration
Resources -definition
Classification of resources
Conservation and management
Resources depletion
Environmental degradation and sustainable development
Primary economic activities
Concept and changing trends
Gathering
Pastoral
Mining
Subsistence agriculture
Minerals
Metallic
Non-metallic and fuel
Secondary economic activities concept
Manufacturing
Agro based industries(cotton textiles)
Forest based(paper mills)
Mineral based(iron & steel)
Tertiary and quaternary economic activities
Trade
Transport and tourism
Services
People engaged in quaternary activities
Transport and trade
Roadways
Railways
Waterways and airways
International trade
Basis and changing patterns
Role of wto
Geography of India Physiography
Physiographic divisions
Drainage systems
The himalayan and the peninsular rivers
Climate, vegetation and soil
Spatial and temporal distribution of temperature and rainfall
Mechanism of indian monsoon
Forest types and distribution
Wild life
Conservation
Biosphere reserves
Major soil types and their distribution
Soil degradation and conservation
Population
Distribution
Density and growth trends from 1901-2011
Demographic structure
Regional variations in growth of population
Population problems
Agriculture
Distribution and production of food crops-rice
Wheat
Plantation crops
Coffee, tea, commercial crops sugarcane and cotton crops
Problems of indian agriculture
Irrigation and power
Types of irrigation
Canals
Wells and tanks
Major multipurpose projects(bakra nangal, hirakud, damodar valley corporation and nagarjuna sagar)
Minerals and energy resources
Distribution and production of iron ore
Manganese
Bauxite
Mica
Coal
Petroleum and natural gas and non- conventional energy resources
Industries
Location factors
Growth and distribution of iron and steel
Cotton textiles
Knowledge based industries
Trade and transport
Means of transport roadways, railways, waterways and airways
Major ports of india
India’s international trade
Geography of telangana
Location of telangana
Physiography of telangana
Climate of telangana
Natural resources and population of telangana
Geology
Petrology Rock types
Igneous
Sedimentary and metarnorphic rocks
Rock cycle
Characteristics of the rocks
Igneous rocks
Forms of igneous rocks
Intrusive and extrusive forms
Structures of igneous rocks
Textures of igneous rocks
Classification of igneous rocks
Introduction to origin of igneous rocks
Description of igneous rocks
Granite
Syenite
Diorite
Gabbro
Dunite
Dolerite
Peridotite
Pegmatite
Andesite and basalt
Sedimentary rocks
Formation of sedimentary rocks
Structures of sedimentary rocks
Textures of sedimentary rocks
Classification of sedimentary rocks
Clastic and non-clastic and residual rocks
Description of sedimentary rocks
Breccia
Conglomerate
Sand stone
Shale
Lime stone and laterite
Metamorphic rocks
Metamorphism
Agents and types of metamorphism
Zones of metamorphism
Classification of metamorphic rocks
Structures and textures of metamorphic rocks
Description of metamorphic rocks
Slate
Marble
Quartzite
Schist
Gneiss
Charnockite and khondalite
Economic geology Classification of mineral deposits
Processes of formation of mineral deposits
Magmatic
Hydrothermal
Residual and mechanical concentration
Oxidation and supergene enrichment
Sublimation
Evaporation
Sedimentation
Metamorphism and contact meta somatic processes
Metallic minerals
Origin,occurrence,distribution and uses of the following minerals -gold,iron,manganese,chromium, copper, lead , zinc and aluminium.
Origin, occurrence, distribution and uses of the following non metallic minerals -muscovite mica, asbestos, barite, talc, gypsum, quartz, corundum and graphite
Fuels
Types and formation of coal
Distribution of coal in india
Petroleum and natural gas formation
Distribution of petroleum and natural gas in india
Mineral riches of a.p
Stratigraphy and Indian geology Objectives and scope
Introduction to principles of stratigraphy and correlation
Geological time scale
Physiographic divisions of india
Archeans
Succession and mineral wealth of archeans
Cuddaphas
Succession and economic importance of cuddaphas
Vindhyans
Succession and economic importance of vindhyans
Kurnool system
Gondwanas
Classification ogf gondwanas
Plant fossils and economic importance of gondwanas
Cretaceous system
Deccan traps classification
Age and economic importance of deccan traps
Siwalicks
Succession and mammalian fossils of siwalicks
Palaeontology Definition of fossil
Conditions for fossilisation
Modes of preservations of fossils and importance of fossils
Classification
Morphological characteristics and importance of the following - corals,brachiopods,pelecypods,gastropods,cephalopods,trilobites,echinoids and plant fossils
Logic
Induction Definitions of induction and deduction
Need and importance of induction
Uses of induction
Inductive method
Inductive leap
Problem of induction
Kinds of induction
Perfect induction
Imperfect induction
Scientific inductive methods its stages
Non scientific methods of inquiry
Intuitive method
Method of tenacity
Method of authority
Difference between scientific method and non scientific method
Paradox of inference
Relation between deduction and induction
Methods of enquiry Definitions of enquiry
Methods followed in social sciences
Case history method
Pre-natal development
Post – natal development
Method of interview
Method of questionnaire
Statistical method
Field investigation method
Methods followed in physical and biological sciences
Experimental method
Analytical method
Experimental methods of mill
Method of agreement
Method of difference
Joint method of agreement and difference
Method of concomitant variation
Method of residues
Postulates of induction Definitions of postulates
Law of uniformity and kinds of uniformity
Uniformity of succession
Uniformity of co-existence
The law of universal causation
Definition of cause
Plurality of cause
The law of unity of nature and can these postulates be proved
Enumeration Definitions of enumeration
Kinds of enumeration
Simple enumeration
Complete enumeration
Comparison of simple enumeration and complete enumeration
Place of simple enumeration in the formation of hypothesis
Universals
Kinds of universals
Generic universal
Collective universal
Verbal universal
Observation and experiment Definitions of observation
Kinds of observation
General observation
Scientific observation
Nature of observation
Observation is selective
Observation is analytical
Observation is attentive
Observation is purposive
Conditions of good observation
Fallacies of observation
Fallacy of non-observation
Fallacy of mal-observation
Definition of experiment
Natural experiment
Analogy Definitions of analogy with examples
Kinds of analogy
Similarity of function
Similarity of structure
Strength of analogical argument
Value of analogical argument
Dangers of analogy
Hypothesis Definition of hypothesis with examples
Kinds of hypothesis
Explanatory hypothesis
Descriptive hypotheses
Requirements of a valued hypotheses
Crucial instance
Consilence of induction
Prediction
Barren hypothesis
False hypothesis
Working hypothesis
Fallacies Definitions of fallacies
Formal fallacies
Material fallacies
Fallacy of composition
Fallacy of division
Fallacy of accident
Direct fallacy of accident
Converse fallacy of accident
Fallacy of non-sequitur
Fallacy of post hock-ergo propter hock
Begging the question
Petitio-prinicipii
Repetition of the same meaning in difference works
Hysteron proteron
Fallacy of hasty generalization
Mathematics
Algebra Complex number as an ordered pair ofreal numbers
Fundamental operations
Representation of complex numbers in theform a+ib
Modulus and amplitude of complexnumbers illustrations
Geometrical and polar representation of complex numbers in argand plane- argand diagram
De moivre's theorem
Integral and rational indices
Nth roots of unity -geometrical interpretations and illustrations
Quadratic expressions
Quadratic expressions and equations in one variable
Sign of quadratic expressions
Change insigns
Maximum and minimum values
Quadratic in equations
Theory of equations
The relation between the roots andcoefficients in an equation
Solving the equations when two or moreroots of it are connected by certain relation
Equation with real coefficients
Occurrenceo f complex roots in conjugate pairs and itsconsequences
Transformation of equations
Reciprocalequations
Permutations and combinations
Fundamental principle of counting
Linear and circular permutations
Permutations of 'n' dissimilar things taken 'r' at a time
Permutations when repetitions allowed
Circular permutations
Permutations with constraint repetitions
Combinations-definitions and certain theorems
Binomial theorem
Binomial theorem for positive integral index
Binomial theorem for rational index
Approximations using binomial theorem
Partial fractions
Partial fractions of f(x) / g(x) when g(x) contains non -repeated linear factors
Partial fractions of f(x)/g(x) when g(x) contains repeated and/or nonrepeated linear factors
Partial fractions of f(x)/g(x) when g(x) contains irreducible factors
Probability Measures of dispersion
Range
Mean deviation
Variance and standard deviation of ungrouped/grouped data
Coefficient of variation and analysis of frequency distribution with equal means but different variances
Probability
Random experiments and events
Classical definition of probability
Axiomatic approach and additiontheorem of probability
Independent and dependent events conditional probability
Multiplication theorem and bayee's theorem
Random variables and probabilitydistributions
Random variables
Theoretical discrete distributions
Binomial and poisson distributions
Co-ordinate geometry Equation of circle
Standard form
Centre and radius of a circle with a given linesegment as diameter & equation of circlethrough three non collinear points
Parametric equations of a circle
Position of a point in the plane of a circle
Power of a point
Definition of tangent
Length of tangent
Position of a straight line in the plane of acircle
Conditions for a line to be tangent
Chord joining two points on a circle
Equation of the tangent at a point on thecircle
Point of contact and equation of normal
Chord of contact
Pole and polar
Conjugatepoints and conjugate lines
Equation ofchord with given middle point
Relative position of two circles
Circles touching each other externally
Internally common tangents
Centers of similitude
Equation of pair of tangents from an externalpoint
System of circles
Angle between two intersecting circles
Radical axis of two circles
Properties common chord and common tangent oftwo circles
Radical centre
Intersection of a line and a circle
Parabola
Conic sections
Parabola equation ofparabola in standard form, different forms of parabola
Parametric equations
Equations of tangent and normal at a point on the parabola (cartesian and parametric)
Ellipse
Equation of ellipse in standard form and parametric equations
Equation of tangent and normal at a pointon the ellipse(cartesian and parametric)
Condition for a straight line to be a tangent
Hyperparabola,equation of hyperbola in standard form and parametric equations
Equation of tangent and normal at a pointon the hyperbola(cartesian and parametric)
Calculus Integration as the inverse process of differentiation ,standard forms and properties of integrals
Method of substitution
Integration ofalgebraic
Exponential
Logarithmic
Trigonometric and inverse trigonometricfunctions
Integration by parts
Integration and partial fractions method
Reduction formulae
Definite integrals
Definite integral as the limit of sum
Interpretation of definite integral as an area
Fundamental theorem of integral calculus
Properties
Application of definite integral to areas
Differential Equations
Formation of differential equation
Degree and order of an ordinary differential equation
Solving differential equation by variables separable method,homogeneous differential equation,non - homogeneous differential equation,linear differential equations
Physics
Waves Introduction
Transverse and longitudinal waves
Displacement relation in a progressive wave
The speed of a travelling wave
The principle of superposition of waves
Reflection of waves
Beats
Doppler effect
Ray optics and optical instruments Introduction and reflection of light by spherical mirrors
Refraction
Total internal reflection
Refraction at spherical surfaces and by lenses
Refraction through a prism
Dispersion by a prism
Some natural phenomena due to sunlight
Optical Instruments
Wave optics Introduction and huygens principle
Refraction and reflection of plane waves using huygens principle
Coherent and incoherent addition of waves
Interference of light waves and young's experiment
Diffraction
Polarisation
Electric charges and fields Introduction and electric charges
Conductors and insulators
Charging by induction
Basic properties of electric charge
Coulomb's law
Forces between multiple charges
Electric field
Electric field lines
Electric flux
Electric dipole
Dipole in a uniform external field
Continuous charge distribution
Gauss's law
Application of gauss's law
Electrostatic potential and capacitance Electrostatic potential
Potential due to a point charge
Potential due to an electric dipole
Potential due to a system of charges
Equipotential surfaces
Potential energy of a system of charges
Potential energy in an external field
Electrostatics of conductors
Dielectrics and polarisation
Capacitors and capacitance
The parallel plate capacitor
Effect of dielectric on capacitance
Combination of capacitors
Energy stored in a capacitor
Van De Graaff generator
Current electricity Introduction and electric current
Electric currents in conductors
Ohm's law
Drift of electrons and the origin of resistivity
Limitations of ohm's law
Resistivity of various materials
Temperature dependence of resistivity
Electrical energy and power
Combination of resistors -series and parallel
Cells, emf, internal resistance
Cells in series and in parallel
Kirchhoff's laws
Wheatstone bridge
Meter bridge
Potentiometer
Moving charges and magnetism Introduction and magnetic force
Motion in a magnetic field
Motion in combined electric and magnetic fields
Magnetic field due to a current element, biot-savart law
Magnetic field on the axis of a circular current loop
Ampere's circuital law
The solenoid and the toroid
Force between two parallel currents and the ampere
Torque on current loop and magnetic dipole
The moving coil galvanometer
Magnetism and matter Introduction and the bar magnet
Magnetism and gauss's law
The earth's magnetism
Magnetisation and magnetic intensity
Magnetic properties of materials
Permanent magnets and electromagnets
Electromagnetic induction Introduction and the experiments of faraday and henry
Magnetic flux
Faraday's law of induction
Lenz's law and conservation of energy
Motional electromotive force
Energy consideration -a quantitative study
Eddy currents
Inductance
Ac generator
Alternating current Introduction and representation of ac current and voltage by rotating vectors -phasors
Ac voltage applied to a resistor
Ac voltage applied to an inductor
Ac voltage applied to a capacitor
Ac voltage applied to a series lcr circuit
Power in ac circuit
The power factor
LC oscillations
Transformers
Electromagnetic wave Intrduction and displacement current
Electromagnetic waves
Electromagnetic spectrum
Dual nature or radiation and matter Introduction and electron emission
Photoelectric effect
Experimental study of photoelectric effect
Photoelectric effect and wave theory of light
Einstein's photoelectric equation
Energy quantum of radiation
Particle nature of light: the photon
Wave nature of matter
Davisson and germer experiment
Atoms Alpha-particle scattering and rutherford's nuclear model of atom
Atomic spectra
Bohr model of the hydrogen atom
The line spectra of the hydrogen atom
De broglie's explanation of bohr's second postulate of quantisation chapter
Nuclei Introduction of nuclei, atomic masses and composition of nucleus
Size of the nucleus
Mass-energy and nuclear binding energy
Nuclear force
Radioactivity
Nuclear energy
Semiconductor electronics: materials, devices and simple circuits Introduction
Classification of metals,conductors and semiconductors
Intrinsic semiconductor
Extrinsic semiconductor
P-N junction
Semiconductors: Semiconductor diode
Application of junction diode as a rectifier
Special purpose p-n junction diodes
Junction transistor
Digital electronics and logic gates
Integrated circuits
Communication systems Introduction and elements of a communication system
Basic terminology used in electronic communication systems
Bandwidth of signals
Bandwidth of transmission medium
Propagation of electromagnetic waves
Modulation and its necessity
Amplitude modulation
Production of amplitude modulated wave
Detection of amplitude modulated wave
Psychology
Motivation Instincts
Needs
Types of needs
Physiologi-cal
Social and psychological needs
Maslow’s theory of hi-erarchy of needs
Role of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in learning
Human abilities Intelligence
Origin of intelligence tests
Concept of i.q
Extremes of intelligence distribution
Gifted and challenged
Emotional Intelligence
Aptitudes
Creative thinking
Social behaviour Inter personal attraction -proximity
Physical appearance
Similarity
Complimentality
Impression for-mation and management
Pro- social behaviour -empathy,altruism
Groups and leaderships Classification of groups
Group dynamics
Social facilitation
Loafing and inhibition
Characteristics of a leader
Emergence of a leader
Communication skills Communication process
Verbal and non-verbal communication skills
Interpersonal communication
Transactional analysis approach
Personality Meaning and definition of personality
Healthy personality development
Self perception
Self confidence
Goal Setting
Decision making
Ego-defence mechanisms
Personality assessment
Self report measures and projective techniques
Issues in contemporary society Competition
Test anxi-ety
Conflicts and frustrations
Aggression
Depression
Suicidal tendencies
Drug addiction
Health psychology Psychology of well-being
Stress management
Relaxation
Meditation
Yoga
Thought stopping
Rational emotive therapy
Public administration
Evolution of Indian administration
Administration at union level
Administration at state level
Administration at district level
Welfare administration
Issues in Indian administration
Sociology
Social structure of Indian society Social values and ethos of traditional indian society
Purushardhas
Ashrama dharmas
Caste system of definition
Characteristics
Changing trends
Land and land ownership patterns
Caste and social relations
Land Reforms
Changing trends of land ownership and agrarian relationships
Rural and urban devide
Emerging urban scenario and panchayat raj
Unity in diversity Diversities in the indian society
Linguistic diversities
Religious and ethnic diversities
Demographic and geographical diversities
Unity in diversity -nature,reasons,threats and risilence
The disadvantaged groups in India The nature of social inequalities
The disadvantaged groups – s.c, s.t., obc minorities and women
The nature of disadvantage
Problems of disadvantages
Measures to eliminate disadvantage
Social problems Meaning and definition of social problems
Nature and types of social problems
Social disorganization -meaning,causes,nature and types
Crime -meaning,types and causes
Juvenile delinquency -meaning and causes
Liberalization
Privatization and globalization and emerging nature of social problems
Employment insecurity
Suicides
Competition
Contemporary social problems in India Development programmes and problems of displacement and rehabilitation
Development and environmental degradation
Consequences of environmental degradation
Environmental protection
Social legislations
Women empowerment
Status of women
Problems of women
The need for women empowerment
Measures to attain women empowerment
Demographic problems
The problem of over population
The problems of public health
Hiv,aids and communicable diseases
Mother and child health care
Social policy and programmes Social policies addressing social issues in india
Five year plans
Economic programme and social programmes
Social legislations addressing social problems
Untouchability act
Age at marriage act
Dowry prohibition act
Child labour act
Abolition of bonded labour
Social skills for intervention Community development and community organization -meaning
Need for community development
Basic principles of community organization
Forming a group and conducting meetings
Basic principles of participatory methods for community planning and action
Elements of extension methods and counseling
Social audit
Civic awareness and civic responsibility Meaning and need for civic awareness and civic responsibility
Fundamental rights and duties
Rights of s.c, s.t., minorities women and children
Problems of right and duties
Zoology
Human anatomy and physiology-I Digestion and absorption
Alimentary canal and digestive glands
Role of digestive enzymes and Gastrointestinal hormones
Peristalsis,digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats, egestion
Calorific value of proteins,carbohydrates and fats (for box item-not to be evaluated)
Nutritional disorders:protein energy malnutrion (pem), indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice,diarrhea, kwashiorkor
Breathing and Respiration
Respiratory organs in animals,respiratory system in humans
Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans - exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration
Respiratory volumes
Respiratory disorders -asthma, emphysema
Occupational respiratory disorders - asbestosis,silicosis, siderosis, black lung disease in coal miners.
Human anatomy and physiology-II Body fluids and circulation
Covered in i year composition of lymph and functions
Clotting of blood
Human circulatory system
Structure of Human heart and blood vessels
Cardiac cycle
Cardiac output
Double circulation
Regulation of cardiac activity
Disorders of circulatory system
Hypertension
Coronary artery disease
Angina pectoris
Heart failure
Excretory products and their elimination
Modes of excretion
Ammonotelism
Ureotelism
Uricotelism
Human excretory system
Structure of kidney and nephron
Urine formation
Osmoregulation
Regulation of kidney function
Renin angiotensin
Aldosterone system
Atrial Natriuretic Factor
ADH and Diabetes insipidus
Role of other organs in excretion
Disorders
Uraemia
Renal failure
Renal calculi
Nephritis
Dialysis using artificial kidney
Human anatomy and physiology-III Muscular and skeletal system
Skeletal muscle
Ultra structure
Contractile Proteins and Muscle Contraction
Skeletal system and its functions
Joints
Disorders of the muscular and skeletal system
Myasthenia gravis
Tetany
Muscular dystrophy
Arthritis
Osteoporosis, gout
Regormortis
Neural control and co-ordination
Nervous system in human beings
Central Nervous system
Peripheral Nervous System and Visceral Nervous System
Generation and conduction of nerve impulse
Reflex action
Sensory perception
Sense organs
Brief description of other receptors
Elementary structure and functioning of eye and ear
Human anatomy and physiology-IV Endocrine system and chemical co-ordination
Endocrine glands and hormones
Human endocrine system
Hypothalamus
Pituitary
Pineal
Thyroid
Parathyroid
Adrenal
Pancreas
Gonads
Mechanism of hormone action
Role of hormones as messengers and regulators
Hypo and hyper activity and related disorders
Common disorders
Dwarfism
Acromegaly
Cretinism
Goiter
Exophthalmic goiter
Diabetes
Addison's disease
Cushing's syndrome
Immune system
Basic concepts of immunology
Types of immunity
Innate immunity
Acquired immunity
Active and passive immunity
Cell mediated immunity and humoral immunity
Interferon
HIV and AIDS
Human reproduction Human reproductive system
Male and female reproductive systems
Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary
Gametogenesis " spermatogenesis and oogenesis
Menstrual cycle
Fertilization
Embryo development up to blastocyst formation
Implantation
Pregnancy
Placenta formation
Parturition
Lactation
Reproductive health,need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases
Birth control
Need and Methods
Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP)
Amniocentesis
Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies
Ivf-et
Zift
Gift
Genetics Heredity and variation
Mendel's laws of inheritance with reference to drosophila
Drosophila melanogaster grey
Black body colour
Long
Vestigial wings
Pleiotropy
Multiple alleles
Inheritance of blood groups and rh-factor
Co-dominance
Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance
Skin colour in humans
Refer sinnott
Dunn and dobzhansky
Sex determination in humans, birds, fumea moth, genic balance theory of sex determination in drosophila melanogaster and honey bees
Sex linked inheritance
Haemophilia
Colour blindness
Mendelian disorders in humans
Thalassemia
Sickle celled anaemia
Cystiefibrosis pku
Alkaptonuria
Chromosomal disorders
Down's syndrome
Turner's syndrome and klinefelter syndrome
Genome
Human genome project and dna finger printing
Organic evolution Origin of life
Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution (palaeontological, comparative anatomical, embryological and molecular evidences)
Theories of evolution
Lamarckism
Darwin's theory of evolution
Natural selection with example
Kettlewell's experiments on bistonbitularia
Mutation theory of hugo de vries
Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution
Hardy-weinberg law
Types of natural selection
Gene flow and Genetic Drift
Variations mutations and genetic recombination
Adaptive radiation and viz
Darwin's finches and adaptive radiation in marsupials
Human evolution
Speciation
Allopatric
Sympatric
Reproductive isolation
Applied biology Apiculture
Animal husbandry
Pisciculture
Poultry management
Dairy management
Animal breeding
Bio-medical technology
Diagnostic imaging x-ray, ctscan, mri, ecg, eeg
Application of biotechnology in health
Human insulin and vaccine production
Gene therapy
Transgenic animals
Elisa
Vaccines
Mabs
Cancer biology
Stem cells

Telangana Intermediate Board 2019 Preparation Tips

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TSBIE 12th class board 2019 result is very important as it is the first step to climb before your higher education. The result of class 12th will determine where you go for college. To help you battle this, here are some handy tips and tricks for your preparation of TSBIE 12th exam 2019:

1) Study plan: It is important for students to make a study plan and follow it through. Discipline is as important to success as hard work. Making a study plan will help to include discipline in your studies.

2) Analyse the paper: During the exam, try to analyse what the question is asking rather than quickly answering. Frequently, questions ask in between the lines while students answer what is on the surface. Understand the question before giving your answer.

3) Know the relevant books : Knowing which books to study from is another important tip. The syllabus of class 12th is quite vast and additional books seldom have more advanced topics which help you in studying a topic with understanding.

4) Time management: Boards give you a limited amount of time to answer a big, hefty question paper. You need to be armed against these questions and  more importantly, solve them in a given amount of time so that no question is left.

5) Do something you like for a while: Breaks are important to refresh your brain and you need to take ample breaks during your preparation for TS 12th board exam. Follow a hobby, listen to music, go out for walks. Do something you like for a while in your whole day.

Telangana Intermediate Board 2019 Exam Pattern

The grading system and exam pattern for TSBIE 12th board 2019 are very important to know as it will help students to prepare their studies better. The grading system for TSBIE 12th board 2019 is:

Marks obtainedGrade
100 % to 75%A
75 % to 60 %B
60 % to 50 %C
50 % to 35 %D

The exam pattern for TSBIE 12th board 2019 can be broadly divided into four categories:

Subjects with maximum marks - 100 marks and duration - 3 hours

  • English, optional languages (viz., Telugu, Hindi, Sanskrit, Urdu, Arabic, French, Tamil, Kannada, Oriya, Marathi), Commerce, Economics, Civics, History, Geology, Home Science, Logic, Public administration, Sociology and Psychology.

Subjects with maximum marks - 75 marks and duration - 3 hours

  • Mathematics and Geography.

Subjects with maximum marks - 60 marks and duration - 3 hours

  • Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology.

Subjects with maximum marks - 50 marks and duration - 3 hours

  • Music.

Mock tests, sample question papers and previous year question papers can be downloaded from the official website of TSBIE. In order to succeed in TS board class 12th exam 2019, a student must practice solving the sample papers. Practicing the sample papers is beneficial as it makes the student understand exam dynamics and standard of questions. Solving sample papers also gives confidence to the student which is good motivation. Students can analyse their studies and see where more focus is needed.

Telangana Intermediate Board 2019 Admit Card

Students whose exam applications are accepted by the TS board were given hall tickets some days before the exam begins. Telangana board 12th class admit card 2019 could be downloaded online. The admit card of TS intermediate board contains the student's roll number, name, examination center, exam schedule etc. Upon saving the TS intermediate admit card, students are advised to check that all information on the admit card is right. If there is any problem in the hall ticket, candidates should request the board for correction as soon as possible. Students should carry the admit card of Telangana board 12th 2019 along with them while going for the exam as they are not allowed if the admit card is not produced.

Documents Required at Exam

  • Admit Card

TSBIE has announced Ts inter result on April 18 at 5 pm. The re-evaluation result and supplementary results have also been declared in online mode. Candidates can go to the official website to look for the result. Telangana 12th board result 2019 consists of the candidate’s roll number, name, marks obtained, grades, etc. The mark sheet made available online is provisional and original mark sheets will be given to students some time after the online result.

Qualifying Marks Trend

Year Category Cutoff
2019 General 35
OBC 35
SC 35
ST 35
General PWD 35
OBC PWD 35
SC PWD 35
ST PWD 35

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