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ICSE Class 10 Syllabus 2024-25 for All Subjects - Check Latest ICSE Syllabus Here

ICSE Class 10 Syllabus 2024-25 for All Subjects - Check Latest ICSE Syllabus Here

Edited By Manasvini Gupta | Updated on May 06, 2024 11:08 AM IST | #ICSE 10th

The Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations has released the revised ICSE 2025 syllabus for Class 10. There are changes in just English. Students can download the latest updated syllabus of Class 10 ICSE 2025 from the official website, ICSE Class 10 syllabus PDF is available below for English, Maths, Biology, Physics, Chemistry, Geography and other subjects.

By referring to the latest ICSE syllabus 2025 Class 10, students will be able to know the important topics, exam pattern and mark distribution of all the ICSE subjects for Class 10. Not only this, but it will also let them strategise their study schedule and prepare for the ICSE 10th exams 2025. Hence, it is advisable that students must refer to the ICSE 2025 syllabus Class 10. Read further to know the complete Class 10 ICSE syllabus 2025.

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ICSE Syllabus Class 10 2025 PDF Links

In the following table, we have provided direct PDF download links to the Class 10 ICSE board Syllabus 2025. Students can click on the respective subject links to download the ICSE (10th) exam syllabus for the particular subject.

How to Download ICSE Class 10 Syllabus 2025?

Follow the given steps to download the ICSE 10th syllabus 2025 pdf files.

  • Visit the official website: syllabus 2025 Class 10.

  • Click on the link of ‘Examination’ and then click on 'ICSE Examination'.

  • Scroll down and click the link that says ‘ICSE Syllabus for Class X’ 2025.

  • Choose the ICSE 10th subject and click on the link of that subject.

  • The syllabus of ICSE Class 10 2025 pdf will start to download.

  • Take a printout of this to use later.

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ICSE 10th Syllabus 2025 (All Subjects)

Students can go through the complete ICSE syllabus Class 10 which is provided in the following section. The syllabus of Class 10 ICSE 2025 is made available for English, Maths, Biology, Physics, Chemistry, Geography and History and Civics. Read below to know the ICSE Class 10 syllabus 2025 and plan the exam preparation strategy accordingly.

ICSE 10th Syllabus 2025 for English

English exam includes two papers namely, English Language & Literature. Both papers comprise 100 marks each including 80 marks for theory and 20 marks for internal assessment. Students have to solve each paper in 2 hours' duration. Check the ICSE Class 10 English language and literature syllabus below-

Paper 1- English Language

In Paper 1, there will be 5 types of questions-

  1. 300-350 words composition to evaluate the student's ability to describe, narrate, report and present ideas. The correct usage of punctuation, syntax, grammatical accuracy and spelling will also be assessed.

  2. Write a formal or informal letter with the correct format and the body of the letter with emphasis on appropriate vocabulary etc.

  3. Write an e-mail or short notice based on the provided information.

  4. Unseen prose passage- Students have to answer the asked questions by reading the provided passage in about 500 words. They will be required to show an understanding of the words/phrases in the context in which they have been used.

  5. Short answer type questions to evaluate candidates' knowledge of functional grammar, structure and English usage.

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Paper 2- Literature in English

In this section, questions will be asked from the prescribed textbooks of Drama, Prose and Poetry-

I. Julius Caesar: William Shakespeare (Acts III, IV & V)
II. TREASURE CHEST: A Collection of ICSE Short Stories & Poems (Evergreen Publications (India) Ltd. New Delhi)

PROSE (Short Stories):

1. With the Photographer – Stephen Leacock

2. The Elevator – William Sleator

3. The Girl Who Can – Ama Ata Aidoo

4. The Pedestrian – Ray Bradbury

5. The Last Lesson – Alphonse Daudet


1. Haunted Houses – H.W. Longfellow

2. The Glove and the Lions – Leigh Hunt

3. When Great Trees fall – Maya Angelou

4. A Considerable Speck – Robert Frost

5. The Power of Music – Sukumar Ray

ICSE 10th Syllabus 2025 for Maths

There will be one paper of two and a half hours duration carrying 80 marks. Internal Assessment shall carry 20 marks. The paper will be divided into two sections, Section I (40 marks), and Section II (40 marks)

There will be 7 units in the ICSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus 2025. Students must prepare every topic of the Maths ICSE Class 10 syllabus 2025 to score well.


Important topics

Commercial Mathematics

Goods and Services Tax, Banking, Shares and Dividends


Linear Inequations, Quadratic Equations in one variable, Ratio and Proportion, Factorisation of polynomials, Matrices, Arithmetic and Geometric Progression, Co-ordinate Geometry


Similarity, Loci, Circles, Cyclic Properties, Tangent and Secant Properties, Constructions, Angle Properties,


Area and volume of solids: Cylinder, Cone and Sphere


Heights and distances, solve/prove simple algebraic trigonometric expressions


Mean, Median, Mode. Histograms and Ogive


Random experiments, Sample space, Events, Definition of probability, Simple problems on single events

ICSE 10th Syllabus 2025 for Biology

There will be one written paper of two hours duration of 80 marks and an Internal Assessment of practical work carrying 20 marks. Biology is a theoretical examination where a student's retaining ability will be tested. They have to memorize several facts and nomenclature to qualify for the exam with good marks.


Important topics

Basic Biology

Cell Cycle and Cell Division, Structure of Chromosome, Genetics

Plant Physiology

Absorption by Roots, Imbibition, diffusion and osmosis, Transpiration, Photosynthesis, and Chemical coordination in Plants

Human Anatomy and Physiology

Circulatory System, Excretory System, Nervous system, Endocrine System, Reproductive System


Population Explosion in India, Need for Adopting Controlling Measures

Human Evolution

Basic introduction to Human evolution and Theories of evolution: Lamarck’s theory of inheritance; Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection.


Types and sources of Pollution, Biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste, Effects of pollution

ICSE 10th Syllabus 2025 for Physics

Physics is one of the imperative subjects in Class 10 ICSE for students who want to pursue a career in science and research later. CISCE board carefully devises syllabus for Physics Class 10 ICSE syllabus 2025. There will be one written paper of two hours duration carrying 80 marks and an Internal Assessment of practical work carrying 20 marks.


Important topics

Force, Work, Power and Energy

Turning forces concept, Uniform circular motion, Work, energy, power and their relation with force, Different types of energy, Machines as force multipliers, Principle of Conservation of energy, Centre of gravity


Refraction of light, Total internal reflection: critical angle, Lenses, Electromagnetic spectrum.


Reflection of Sound Waves, Vibrations and Resonance, Loudness, pitch and quality of sound

Electricity and Magnetism

Ohm’s Law, Electrical power and energy, Household circuits, Magnetic effect of a current


Calorimetry, Latent heat; loss and gain of heat

Modern Physics

Radioactivity and changes in the nucleus, Radiation, Nuclear Energy

ICSE 10th Syllabus 2025 for Chemistry

With a combination of the numerical and theoretical portions, the Chemistry Class 10 ICSE syllabus 2025 is provided below. These topics will be considered while making the ICSE 10th question paper for Chemistry. There will be one written paper of two hours duration of 80 marks and an Internal Assessment of practical work carrying 20 marks.


Important topics

Periodic Properties and variations of properties- Physical and Chemical

Periodicity on the basis of atomic number, Periodic properties and their variations in groups and periods

Chemical Bonding

Electrovalent Bonding, Covalent Bonding, Coordinate Bonding

Study of Acids, Bases and Salts

Molecules and their characteristic properties, Ions present in mineral acids, alkalis and salts, Definition of salt, types of salts, Action of dilute acids

Analytical Chemistry

The action of Ammonium Hydroxide and Sodium Hydroxide on the solution of salts, the Action of alkalis on certain metals

Mole Concept and Stoichiometry

Vapour Density and its relation to relative molecular mass, Deduction of simple and molecular formulas from


Electrolytes and non-electrolytes, Substances containing molecules only, ions only, both molecules and ions, Definition and explanation of electrolysis, electrolyte, electrode, anode, cathode, anion, cation, oxidation and reduction, An elementary study of the migration of ions, Applications of electrolysis:


The occurrence of metals, Extraction of Aluminium, ) Alloys – composition and uses

Study of Compounds

Hydrogen Chloride, Ammonia, Nitric Acid, Sulphuric Acid

Organic Chemistry

Introduction, Structure and Isomerism, Homologous series, Simple nomenclature, Hydrocarbons,

ICSE 10th Syllabus 2025 for Geography

ICSE Geography paper will consist of 2 parts Part I and Part II of two hours duration carrying 80 marks. There will be an internal assessment for 20 marks as well mentioned in the syllabus of Class 10 ICSE 2025.


Important topics

Map Work

Interpretation of Topographical Maps, Map of India,

Location, Extent and Physical features

Position and Extent of India, The physical features of India


Distribution of Temperature, Rainfall, winds and factors affecting the climate, Monsoon

Soil Resources

Types of soil, Soil Erosion

Natural Vegetation

Importance of forests, Types of vegetation, Forest conservation

Water Resources

Sources, Rainwater harvesting, Irrigation

Mineral and Energy Resources

Conventional Sources, Iron ore, Manganese, Copper, Bauxite, Non-conventional Sources, Hydel Power


Indian Agriculture, Types of Farming in India, Agricultural seasons, Climatic conditions, soil requirements, methods of cultivation

Manufacturing Industries

Agro-based Industry, Mineral-based Industry


Importance and Modes, Roadways, Railways, Airways and Waterways

Waste Management

Need for waste management, Methods of safe disposal, Need and methods for reducing, reusing and recycling waste

Also, read:

ICSE 10th Syllabus 2025 for History & Civics

History & Civics paper will consist of 80 marks and an Internal Assessment of 20 marks. The theory paper will be based on the topics given below. The paper will be divided into two parts, Part I and Part II. Check the syllabus of Class 10 ICSE History syllabus & Civics 2025 in the following table.

ICSE syllabus for Class 10 Civics 2025


Important topics

The Union Legislature

Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, Powers and functions of Union Parliament

The Union Executive

The President, The Vice President, the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers

The Judiciary

The Supreme Court, High Courts, Subordinate Courts

ICSE syllabus for Class 10 History 2025


Important topics

The Indian National Movement (1857 – 1917)

The First War of Independence, Factors leading to the growth of Nationalism, First Phase of the Indian National Movement (1885-1907)

Mass Phase of the National Movement (1915-1947)

Mahatma Gandhi, Forward Bloc, Independence and Partition of India

The Contemporary World

The First World War, Rise of Dictatorships, The Second World War, United Nations, Non-Aligned Movement

ICSE 10th Exam Pattern 2025

Apart from going through the ICSE syllabus 2025 Class 10, students can go through the exam pattern of all the subjects in the ICSE Board 10th Class mentioned in the following table. The marks distribution is segregated as per the groups of the subjects.


Marks distribution

Subjects under each group

Group I

80% marks external exam + 20% marks internal exam

  • History, Civics, Geography

  • English

  • Second Language (one/two)

Group II

80% marks external exam + 20% marks internal exam

  • Science (Physics, Chemistry, Biology)

  • Mathematics

  • Commercial Studies

  • Economics

  • Environmental Science

  • A Classical Language

  • A Modern Foreign Language

Group III

50% marks external exam + 50 % marks internal exam

  • Arts

  • Performing Arts

  • Computer Applications

  • Economic Applications

  • Commercial Applications

  • Fashion Designing

  • Physical Education

  • Yoga

  • Cookery

  • Home Science and more

Note: Students can check the complete marks distribution in the ICSE 10th exam pattern by clicking on the link provided.

How to prepare for ICSE Class 10 Exams 2025?

We have provided some of study tips for the students to help them score well in the ICSE 10th result 2025. Go through the tips and tricks below and follow the same to plan the study schedule in a better way.

  • Complete the whole syllabus of Class 10 ICSE at least two months before the commencement of the exams. This will help the students to clear all their doubts within the rest of the time frame and revise for the exams thoroughly.

  • Be specific about time management and prepare for the exam sincerely and consistently. Students must set targets and try to achieve them at the end of the day.

  • Apart from completing the syllabus of Class 10 ICSE 2025 on time, students must solve the previous years’ question papers of ICSE 10th class. Referring to these papers will let them know the difficulty level and pattern of the exam.

  • Students should make a study plan and go through all the topics thoroughly before the release of the date sheet. So that after the release of the ICSE 10th time table, they can dedicate maximum time to revise the respective subject which is scheduled prior.

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Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. What are the passing marks in the ICSE 10th exams 2025?

Students must score at least 33 per cent marks in each subject in order to pass the ICSE 10th exams 2025.

2. Where can I download latest ICSE 10th syllabus 2025?

The latest syllabus download links of ICSE 10th class 2025 is available here in the article. The pdf links of ICSE 10th 2025 syllabus are also available on official website -


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