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How Many Types of Web Browsers

How Many Types of Web Browsers

Edited By Team Careers360 | Updated on Apr 01, 2023 01:11 PM IST

Introduction

Web browsers are programmed to access websites. The browser obtains the page's files from a web server and then shows the page on the user's screen when they request a web page from a certain website. On a variety of gadgets, such as PCs, laptops, tablets, and smartphones, browsers are used. An estimated 4.9 billion people will be using browsers in 2020. With a 65% global market share across all devices, Google Chrome is the most popular browser, followed by Safari with 18%.

Although they are sometimes mistaken, a search engine and a web browser are not the same things. A search engine is a website that links to other websites. However, a user must have a web browser installed in order to connect to a website's server and view its web pages. Browsers are also known as user agents in some technical situations.

Functions

  1. A web browser's function is to download content from the Internet or local storage and display it on the user's device.

  2. A Uniform Resource Locator (URL), is entered into the browser to start this procedure.

  3. The Hypertext Transport Protocol (HTTP), a set of guidelines for data transfer, is used to get almost all URLs.

  4. If the URL employs HTTPS, the connection between the browser and the web server is encrypted for the protection of information privacy and communications security.

  5. Usually, web pages have links to other web pages and resources. When a link is clicked or tapped, the browser navigates to the new resource because each link contains a URL.

  6. In order to speed up loading times for subsequent visits to the same page, the majority of browsers use an internal cache of web page resources.

  7. Large photos and other data can be stored in the cache, eliminating the need for repeated server downloads. Items that are cached are typically only kept for the amount of time specified by the web server in its HTTP response messages.

Features

  1. Allowing the user to open several pages at once, either in separate browser windows or in various tabs within the same window.

  2. To return to the last page you viewed or go to the next, use the back and forward buttons.

  3. A stop button that will both force a reload and stop the current page from loading.

  4. A home button that takes users back to their home page.

  5. A search bar for entering queries into a search engine, and an address bar for entering the URL of a page and displaying it.

Types of Web Browsers

  1. World Wide Web

  • It is the original web browser

  • It was released in 1990

  • Later, to avoid any confusion with the World Wide Web, it was given the moniker "Nexus."

  • It had just extremely basic functionality and a graphical user interface that was less engaging.

  • It lacked the ability of bookmarks.

  1. Netscape Navigator

  • It came out in 1994.

  • It was the most popular browser in terms of usage share during the 1990s.

  • Netscape released several iterations of this browser.

  • It included a sophisticated license structure and permitted unrestricted use for noncommercial purposes.

  1. Mosaic

  • It debuted in 1993.

  • The second website browser is to be released.

  • It had a more improved visual interface. It is possible to combine graphics, text, and images.

  • The National Center for Supercomputing Applications developed it.

  • Marc Andreessen served as the team's leader and was in charge of designing Mosaic.

  • It was dubbed "the first widely used browser in the world."

  1. Firefox

  • It was created by Mozilla Foundation and released in 2002.

  • During 2003–2004, Firefox surpassed Internet Explorer as the most popular browser in terms of usage share.

  • With Firefox, location-aware browsing became possible.

  • Additionally, this browser was made available for tablets, mobile devices, etc.

  1. Google Chrome

  • It was introduced by Google in 2008.

  • It is a cross-platform web browser. Various functionality from previous browsers has been combined to provide new, improved functionalities.

  • Google created the ad-blocking function to protect computers from infection and safeguard user data.

  • Private searching is offered in Incognito mode, where no cookies or history are retained.

  • It now has the top user interface.

  1. Internet Explorer

  • It was introduced by Microsoft in 1995.

  • By 2003, it had about 95% of the market share and was the most widely used browser.

  • Microsoft released over ten iterations of Internet Explorer, each of which received incremental updates.

  • The Microsoft Windows operating system came with it.

  • It was changed to "Microsoft Edge" in 2015 after it was made the default browser on Windows 10.

Conclusion

  • The websites are opened using it on the computer's screen.

  • A web browser is a technological platform for gathering, analyzing, and transmitting data tools on the Web.

  • Web browsers include Firefox, Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Opera, and Safari.

  • A web browser pulls the relevant information from another browser and then displays the associated page on the client's browser.

  • The web server sends the information to the browser, which displays it on the tablet or any other app-enabled device that makes it possible to access a website.

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