Courses after 12th in Biology - The medical field is considered noble and is one of the sought ones considering that healthcare is increasingly a fast-growing industry. Therefore candidates wishing to pursue a career in it have various courses after 12th in Biology to choose from. Biology is generally a mandatory subject for most medical courses after 12th. This article lists all courses after 12th in Biology for students to know and choose their career path. AIIMS MBBS, NEET-UG and JIPMER MBBS are the entrance exams that are conducted for the admission to MBBS, BDS, BHMS, BUMS, BAMS etc. Other alternative courses are the allied medical and paramedical courses which can be pursued without NEET. Candidates can make a good career in the medical field by choosing any of the course mentioned below. Read further to get the details of courses after 12th in biology and career opportunities for these courses.
MBBS is one of the most prominent courses after 12th in biology. It is a combination of two professional degrees that are Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. It is a five-year course which comprises of basic, pre and para-clinical subjects. NEET-UG, AIIMS MBBS and JIPMER MBBS are the entrance exams for MBBS admission in India after class 12.The standard protocols of patient management and the best treatment options are taught during these five years. An internship is mandatory after completing the course where students tackle various specialities for 12 months so they can get experience of the ward and patient management. After completing MBBS, candidates can go for the specialized fields to pursue an MD or an MS. Completing the course, candidates can practise medicine.
Dentistry is another popular subset of the medical industry with a wide scope. BDS is a professional degree of 5 years of study including 1 year of Internship. It is one of the leading courses after 12th in biology. BDS Colleges in India offers seats for this course through NEET exam. This degree is related to the dental practices such as treatment of all the diseases, malformations and injuries of teeth and jaws of human beings. It's a course with the combination of clinical dentistry, general medicine and surgery with in-depth knowledge. After BDS one can either work as a dentist in a hospital or open own private dental clinic. Candidates can also continue their studies with PG and specialized courses.
It is a 5 year undergraduate course in veterinary science and one of the high in demand courses after 12th in biology after MBBS and BDS. One must be pass class 12th class with physics, chemistry and biology as major subjects. Candidates are trained to diagnose diseases and treatment of diseases of animals and birds. Veterinary doctors are high in demand at government veterinary hospitals and clinics, wildlife centuries, zoos, poultry farms and dairy farms for health welfare and treatment animals and birds. After completing this course, one can easily make a career with these tremendous opportunities.
BAMS stands for Bachelor of Ayurvedic, Medicine and Surgery. It is an undergraduate course in Ayurvedic medicine and surgery. Ayurveda science was introduced in India and is a widely preferred alternative to allopathic medical practices. This course comprises 4.5 years of study and 1 year of compulsory internship. Increasing demand for Ayurvedic doctors is providing various career opportunities for BAMS candidates who can open there own clinic or joint any Ayurvedic hospital after completing their course.
Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery is a 5.5 year long professional course among the eminent courses after 12th in biology, comprising of 4.5 years for academic study and 1 year for a compulsory internship in a hospital to gain practical exposure. Homeopathic was founded in Germany. The admission process is conducted on the basis of a merit system. In this course, candidates are trained for the homoeopathic medical system. After BHMS, candidates can use Doctor as a prefix with there name. Homoeopathy is increasingly gaining popularity as another alternative to allopathic medicine. In this, the root cause of the disease is looked at without any side effects. However, the treatments are slow and take longer than other practices.
Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery is a 5.5 years long comprehensive course based on Unani medicine system. 4.5 years are dedicated to the academic study and 1 year dedicated to an internship. Candidates who have studied the Urdu language in class 12th are given preference over the others. Candidates should be a minimum of 17 years old to get admission in this course. Vast careers opportunities are available in India and abroad for BUMS candidates.
Bachelor of Pharmacy is a four-year course to practice as a pharmacist. It is one of the most popular courses after 12th in biology. Candidate must have an aggregate of 50% marks in 12th with biology as a major subject to pursue this course. There is a wide scope for B Pharm candidates in India as well as foreign countries. One can work as a pharmacist, patient counsellor or continue further studies such as Master’s degree. Download the Quick Guide to B. Pharm to know more about the course.
BPT or B.Pth, both stand for Bachelor of Physiotherapy. It is a 4 years long undergraduate course including 6 months of internship. It is one of the best physiotherapy course among the courses after 12th in biology. Candidates are taught massage therapy, physical exercises, electrotherapy and improving patients health and movement during this course. BPT candidates can work in hospitals, health centres, sports field and gym etc. One can also start his own physiotherapy clinic.
Doctor of Pharmacy is commonly termed as Pharm D. It is a 6 years long postgraduate course in pharmacy, comprising 5 years of academic study and 1 year of internship. Diploma holder candidates or 12th pass science students are eligible to pursue this course. During the course, candidates are taught for clinical pharmacy, pharmaceutical care, health care and pharmacy practice etc. B Pharm candidates can complete this course in 3 years. Candidates can opt from the list of Pharm D Colleges in India to pursue this course. Pharm D candidates have the option to work in hospitals, community health centres and nursing homes or they can also practice as a private pharmacist.
It is a 4 year long undergraduate course commonly termed as BASLP. This course is subdivided into two parts, 3 years for academic study and 1 year is for the internship. This course trains the candidates to diagnose and treat people suffering from speech and hearing disorders. After completing this course candidates will become audiologists and speech-language pathologists and they can work in government hospitals, NGOs and private hospitals etc.
Bachelor of Siddha Medicine and Surgery or BSMS is 5.5 years long undergraduate course including an internship for 1 year. This course is based on Siddha Medicine system which is the most ancient among all the medicine systems. BSMS passed candidates will be called as a doctor and they can start their own clinic. They can also work as a Siddha doctor in private and government hospitals. He/she can also opt for higher studies.
BNYS is a 4.5 years long undergraduate course in integrative medicine system including 1 year for internship. In this course, naturopathic medicine and modern science are studied by the candidates. A number of colleges and universities are available to pursue this course. BNYS doctors high in demand in India and foreign countries. He/she can practise as a general practitioner (GP) and naturopathy specialist.
After 12th with science subjects, candidates can choose among the following medical courses without NEET:
Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (4.5 years)
Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology (3 years)
Bachelor of Technology in Biomedical Engineering (4 years)
Bachelor of Science in Microbiology (3 years)
Bachelor of Science in Cardiac or Cardiovascular Technology (4 years)
Bachelor of Perfusion Technology (3-4 years)
Bachelor of Respiratory Therapy (4 years)
Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Dietetics (3 years)
Bachelor's in Psychology (3 years)
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