List of Paramedical Courses - Apart from well known medical courses like MBBS or BDS, there are other courses that are closely related to these like paramedical courses and allied medical courses. Like the name suggests paramedical courses are crucial programmes that aid medical services and are an integral part of the healthcare system. The Oxford dictionary defines paramedical courses as, “ the courses which supplement and support medical work but do not require a fully qualified doctor (such as nursing, radiography, emergency first aid, physiotherapy, and dietetics). The list of paramedical courses also include pre-emergency, pre-hospital services that are an integral part of any treatment as they are the starting point. The list of paramedical courses is long and varied. Interested students can start after completing their 10th or 12th depending upon the paramedical course they wish to pursue. Check the list of paramedical courses and know important information like eligibility, where to study, how to choose a paramedical course and more in the article below.
Before starting with the list of paramedical courses, it is important to understand what roles these programmes play and why these are good career choices. A doctor heals and this is a fact but the doctor in fact is assisted by a group of people at every step without whom, the treatment or recovery is just not possible. For example, in an emergency, the paramedical staff takes over the treatment of the patient before reaching the hospital under the care of the doctor or specialist. Similarly, during an operation, doctors are assisted by trained personnel. The list of paramedical courses include emergency services, nursing and more which envelope all areas other than medicine i.e MBBS or MS.
Healthcare is one of the growing fields that will always require trained and qualified personnel more so the supportive ones. There is a huge disparity among states when it comes to healthcare facilities. Also, the doctor-patient ratio is skewed, which in turn increases the demand of professionals with experience in healthcare. Paramedical courses are, therefore, some of the more popular and in-demand courses as there is a huge requirement of paramedical personnel. There are career options available not just in health care but also the defence forces which maintain the paramedical forces to cope with emergencies of the nation like flood, natural disasters, evacuation, relief work etc.
There are diploma paramedical courses and there are degree courses too. To become a doctor in the country, the options available are NEET, AIIMS MBBS and JIPMER MBBS which are highly competitive exam. The students who wish to pursue paramedical courses do not need to go through such competitive exams. While students can pursue the diploma courses after Class 10, the eligibility criteria for degree courses includes the study of Biology in most cases along with Physics and Chemistry.
Paramedical diploma courses - These type of courses can be pursued post completing 10th or 12th in Science stream.
Paramedical certificate courses - These courses can be pursued after 10th or 12th class.
Paramedical Bachelor’s degree courses - These courses can be pursued after 12th from a recognized board with a minimum of 50% in Chemistry, Physics and Biology subjects.
Paramedical courses after graduation - The eligibility criteria for the postgraduate courses are specific to the programme opted for hence candidates must check the same before applying to avoid rejection.
Diploma Paramedical Courses after 10th
Diploma in Emergency Medicine
Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technique
Diploma in Hospital Administration
Diploma in Biomedical Instrumentation
Diploma in O.T Technician
Paramedical Certificate Courses
DE diabetes educator
Certificate Course in Healthcare Quality Management
Paramedical Courses after class 12
Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Nursing
B.Sc in Medical Technology
B.Sc in Allied Health Sciences
B.Sc in Radiotherapy
B.Sc in X Ray Technology
B.Sc in Medical Laboratory Technology
Bachelor of Physiotherapy
B.Sc in Speech Therapy
B.Sc in Anesthesia Technology
B.Sc in Ophthalmic Technology
B.Sc in Radiography and Medical Imaging
B.Sc in Dialysis Technology
Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
Admission to the various paramedical courses is dependent on the programme. So diploma courses and certificate courses generally have a direct admission process. Candidates who fulfil the eligibility criteria can apply to the respective colleges and avail the admissions.
The undergraduate courses are generally the ones that are through entrance exams while some are on the basis of the candidate’s performance in class 12. Some of the paramedical entrance exams are mentioned below.
Name of Entrance Test
All India Institute of Medical Sciences conducts a separate entrance exam for paramedical courses. The registrations generally start in November and end in December. The entrance test is held in May.
Manipal University conducts the online Manipal Entrance Test for the various paramedical courses. The tests are generally held in May/ June with applications available from November onwards.
Lovely Professional University offers some courses on the basis of the performance in its entrance test namely LPU NEST while admissions to some courses are on the basis of performance in qualifying exam.
Paramedical courses are also offered by various state authorities and the admissions are generally based on the qualifying exam. The Paramedical Board of Karnataka oversees the admissions in the state while the Directorate of Medical Education, Kerala oversees the admissions in Kerala. The case is same in many states. There are private institutes also that offer paramedical courses and are generally attached to a hospital for practical training purposes.
All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi
Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune
Christian Medical College, Vellore
College of Medical Sciences University of Delhi
Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi
Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai
Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
Seth Gordhanads Sunderdas Medical College, Mumbai
Kasturba Medical College Manipal University, Manipal
Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Madras Medical College, Chennai
St. John’s Medical College, Bangalore
The certificate courses are for maximum 1 year or 2 semesters in length. Course fees can be around 40 to 50k for each semester. Diploma courses are usually for a maximum of 2 years or 4 semesters. Course fees can be around 30 to 45k for every semester. Bachelor or degree courses are for a duration of 3 years and course fees from a regular college will cost around 60 to 70k for every year.
Scope and salary after completion of paramedical courses
After pursuing the course from the list of paramedical courses after 10 or 12, candidates have a number of career options before them. They can get job opportunities as pharmacists, medical technicians, radiographers, lab technicians, blood collection, and managing dialysis machines. The salary packages are around 1 to 1.5 lacs per annum in the beginning and can increase later.
The benefit of doing a healthcare job from a recognized institute is that they at times provide placements to the candidates in the organizations they are affiliated to. For example, some organizations supply MRI, CT Scan or other medical innovations and the institute is tied up with them. These institutes then provide 100 % job guarantee once the candidate passed out from the institute. Some hospitals held paramedical courses and provide placement in the hospital itself.
Scope and Salary for Paramedical Diploma Courses
Diploma courses are useful for students who wish to go straight away for semi-professional and once they complete the diploma course, they are set for the job at the age of 18 or 17. Salary packages will be lesser than Rs. 1 lac per annum. Benefit of doing diploma courses is that students will get a job as in hospital administration, emergency medicine, O.T Technician etc.
Scope and salary for Paramedical Certificate Courses
Salary packages vary as per job profiles/experience. An average salary of a Healthcare Assistant varies between 5,000 to 15,000 per month. Dialysis Technician can get remuneration from Rs. 20,000 to 50,000 per month. The salary structure in a paramedical sector largely depends on the organization where the candidate works as well as the individual’s experience and skills.
Candidates are generally advised to check the course structure, nature of jobs, practical training offered along with the fee structure. Most important, the institute should be a recognized one.
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