How to become an IAS Officer?
How to become an IAS Officer - Indian Administrative service is commonly termed as IAS. To become an IAS officer one will have to crack Civil service examination (CSE). Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts this exam for selecting the candidates for IFS, IAS, IPS and other allied services. UPSC civil service exam is conducted in three stages: Preliminary (Pre), Mains and Interview. After the selection, the successful candidates undergo training as per the service they are selected for. An IAS officer serves the Government of India, Individual states and is sometimes deployed in various PSUs. The step by step description on how to become an IAS officer, eligibility criteria, pattern of exam and selection process is detailed in this article. This article also guides the candidates what to do after 10th or 12th to become an IAS officer; how to become an IAS officer after graduation and other important details.
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What is the Eligibility Criteria to become an IAS officer?
The candidate will have to fulfil the following UPSC Civil Services Eligibility Criteria to appear in IAS exam or to become an IAS officer:
IAS exam is for Indian citizens only. So it's mandatory to have citizenship of India.
Candidate should have possessed at least a graduate degree. Final year students also allowed to apply for the first stage of the exam.
Candidate should be between the age of 21 to 32 years. Age relaxation is also allowed for SC/ST (5 years), PH (10 years), OBC (3 years) candidates, Ex-serviceman (5 years) and PH (10 years).
There are some constraints on attempts to clear the IAS exam. General Category candidates have only 6 attempts and OBC candidate has 9 attempts to clear IAS exam. No constraints on SC/ST for attempts to clear IAS exam, they can appear in the IAS exam till the upper age limit.
Exam Pattern of Civil Services Exam
Exam pattern awareness is an important aspect to prepare for any competitive exam. Exam pattern for IAS is structured in three stages. Clearing one stage will enable the candidate to go for the next stage. IAS exam pattern is explained below:
IAS (Preliminary Exam)
Paper-I (General Studies)
IAS (Mains Exam)
It comprises of 9 objective and subjective type papers. 7 papers carry 250 marks each, which are counted for merit and the rest 2 papers are of qualifying nature, both carry 600 marks.
IAS exam Interview
Candidates with minimum qualifying marks (cut-off) in mains are called for a personal interview to test personality. It carries 275 marks.
IAS exam syllabus is given in the following table:
General Studies (Current affairs, History, Geography, Political science, economics, Environment and general science)
CSAT (Comprehension, Numerical Ability, Logical reasoning, decision making, etc.)
(total 9 papers, Paper A & B are of qualifying nature and rest 7 papers are of ranking in nature)
One of the regional language, selected by candidates
General Studies-I (history and geography of the world and society, Indian heritage and culture)
General Studies-II (Governance, constitution, polity, social justice and international relations)
General Studies III (Technology, economic development, biodiversity, environment, security and disaster management)
General Studies IV (ethics, integrity and aptitude)
Paper VI and VII
Two papers on one optional subjects.
Personal interview is conducted to test the personality of candidate. Final merit list is prepared on the basis of interview and marks in main exam.
UPSC IAS cut-off or minimum qualifying marks
UPSC Cut-off refers to the minimum qualifying marks to be obtained to qualify IAS exam. UPSC releases the cut-off for CSE / IAS exam for pre, mains, interview and final selection.
IAS 2017 all stages cut-off for all categories
This is the cut-off for IAS 2017. There can be some variation in the cut-off for this year. It is not released still. Candidate can get an estimate from this following list for the cut-off.
Preliminary exam cut-off is released on the basis of the marks secured in the Paper-I. And Paper-II is of qualifying nature with minimum 33% marks only. Candidates with minimum qualifying marks are eligible for the mains exam.
Mains exam cut-off is prepared on the basis of marks obtained in Paper I to Paper VII. Paper A and paper B are of qualifying nature. Candidates who clear the main exam cut-off are called for interview by UPSC.
After interview final cut-off is prepared on the basis of total number secured in the mains exam and interview test.
How to become an IAS officer? (Selection process)
UPSC conducts CSE exam to select the candidates for IAS and other civil services of India. CSE exam is conducted in three stages:
Preliminary: Pre IAS exam is the first stage of IAS exam. Candidates who pass the pre-exam are eligible to go for the next stage. Pre-exam is just a key that opens up the entry door to the main exam. Its marks are not counted in the final merit list.
Mains: The Main exam is the second stage that allows candidates to get the call for the personal interview. Candidates who will get minimum qualifying marks in mains exam are eligible for interview process.
Interview: Interview is conducted to test the personality of the candidate for civil services.
Final merit list of the selection process of IAS officer is prepared on the basis of total marks obtained in Mains and Interview test. Candidates are deployed to various services as per their rank in merit list.
IAS Books recommendations and preparation guidance for IAS
There are lots of books in the market for the preparation of IAS exam. Candidates can choose between the books. But we recommend choosing comprehensive books for special subjects. Never choose any mix-up book of all subjects to prepare for IAS, because it will bound the limits to IAS preparation. Some of the books recommended to crack IAS exam are listed below:
Indian Polity for Civil Services Examinations
Indian Art and Culture
India Year Book (Current Affairs)
Publication division of India
A Brief History of Modern India
Oxford School Atlas
India’s Ancient Past
History Of Medieval India
Read newspaper and articles daily.
Read newspapers and magazines daily
Keep the focus on study
Make a strong and smart time table for study.
Go through the previous year papers
IAS Previous year question papers
Previous year question papers are one of the most used and powerful tools to crack any competitive exam. Previous year question papers help to go through the pattern of the paper, types of questions asked and of course, there is always a chance to repeat any question in the exam. So previous year question papers and model papers help to prepare for the exam.
After preparation of IAS exam, It is a good strategy to practise using previous year IAS question papers and IAS model papers. It makes candidates aware of the type of questions asked in IAS exam, important areas of the subject. IAS previous year question paper helps to evaluate performance, mark shortcomings and work on it.
Salary of IAS Officer
An IAS officer gets many other additional allowances and benefits along with salary. A junior IAS officer salary is INR 56100 per month whereas the salary of senior IAS officer such as cabinet secretary can be 2.5 lakh per month. Apart from the salary, other allowances and benefits are given to every IAS officer by the government, which are listed below:
Discount on Govt. services
House rent allowance
Dearness Allowance (DA)
and many more things.
How to become an IAS officer after 10th?
IAS officer is an administrative level service. Graduation is the minimum qualification for IAS officer.
Candidates from arts, commerce and science stream with a graduation degree can apply for IAS exam. So it doesn't matter which stream candidate takes after 10th.
Candidates can start to prepare for IAS exam from the school level.
Candidates should read some other books, newspapers and magazines apart from the academic syllabus.
How to become an IAS officer after 12th?
After 12th candidate will have to complete graduation degree from a recognised university.
candidate can choose for a degree in any subject. But it will be a boost point for preparation to go for BA with the subject matching with IAS syllabus or choose any other degree whose syllabus matches with the syllabus of IAS.
Graduation with correspondence and distance education is also eligible for IAS exam.
Can diploma holder apply for IAS?
Candidates with diploma holder can’t apply for IAS exam. Because the IAS exam is a graduate-level exam and diploma is equivalent to 12th.
So after diploma candidate will have to complete the graduate degree to be eligible for IAS exam.
How to become an IAS officer after graduation?
Graduation is sufficient to apply for IAS exam. Now, it's time to prepare for IAS exam.
To prepare for any of the exam, the candidate should be aware of exam pattern, syllabus, eligibility criteria and other main points which are given above. Check that all the details under the headings: eligibility for IAS officer, exam pattern of IAS exam, IAS officer selection process and other things.
Read newspaper, magazine and article daily gain extra knowledge.
Questions related to UPSC Civil Services Exam
can I do ias after bsc honours mathematics
To become an IAS Officer, you need to appear for UPSC which has the eligibility criteria of passed graduation in any discipline from a recognized university, there is no specific aggregate required for this, you can also appear in the final year of graduation, and you can also appear for this exam if you have passed BSc Mathematics Hons from a recognized university, the exam is conducted in three phases that is prelims, mains and interview, candidate need to attain 21 years age as on 1st august of the appearing year.
std 11arts IAS studying coaching class yes/no
See if you wish you can join coaching classes but it isn't necessary. You should strengthen your fundamentals in 11th and 12th and you can join the coaching in the 1st year/starting of the 2nd year of your college. Most of the coaching institute design there courses for 2 years. Thus in this way you will complete the course by the end of your graduation. As a result you will save a lot of time compared to that of any other aspirant. But if you start taking coaching classes from 11th then you have to again get admitted for the course in your 2nd year of graduation. So its better for you to go for coaching classes from 1st year or starting of 2nd year of your UG course.
Some of the top IAS coaching institutes are:
- Rau's IAS Study Circle
- Chanakya IAS Academy
- Sathya IAS Academy
- Vajiram and Ravi's IAS Academy
- Drishti IAS
I hope this answer helps. All the very best for your future endeavors!
who takes more salary IAS officer or IFS officer
Despite the fact that both services are of similar reputation, most UPSC Civil Services applicants choose the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) over the Indian Foreign Service (IFS). Even the highest UPSC test scorers seldom opt to enter the Foreign Service.
A diplomat's life may appear to be highly colourful and affluent. They generally reside in large houses with domestic help. They also have the opportunity to host and attend parties. In addition, unlike their IAS/IPS counterparts, IFS officials are not subject to political influence. When they are stationed overseas, they also have diplomatic immunity in most issues.
Due to greater allowances, the IFS officer pay structure is also higher than the IAS officer pay scale.
In contrast, IAS/IPS officials begin their careers in district headquarters and sub-divisional towns, which may be in distant locations.
As part of their duty, an IAS officer is required to travel often within their district, which may include visits to underdeveloped regions or places afflicted by insurgencies, among other things. During their early careers, an IAS or IPS officer's social life might be severely constrained. The Indian Administrative Service, on the other hand, is an all-India service, whereas the Indian Foreign Service is a central service.
Hope it helped
All the best!!
which degree is best to become an IAS officer full information
I will tell you pros and cons of taking any stream/degree of graduation keeping in the mind that you have to become an IAS officer.
See, there is no hard and fast rule that you have to choose a particular stream in graduation to be eligible for UPSC, the exam through which you can be an IAS officer. The eligibility for becoming an IAS officer is to have the Bachelor's degree, no matter from which stream it is.
Now as you are from PCB background so if you take Bachelors of Arts thinking that syllabus are more related to UPSC in this stream then, all the things that you studied till 12th will not be used properly and not only this when you will go to take admission in any recognized University to take BA having Science background then they decrease 5% from your result while making merit list for the selection.
I hope that this will help you to choose the stream correctly.
All the every best!!
UPSC IAS Syllabus links.........
Exam name is UPSC CSE.
Please access the UPSC CSE Syllabus from the below mentioned link.
For more details about UPSC CSE Exam refer to this link-
To evaluate your preparation level you can also solve Previous Years Question Papers.
Here is the link for Previous Year's Question Papers-
I hope this answer helps you.
Feel free to ask if you have any more queries.
All the best!