About CBSE Class 12th 2020

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducts the class 12th board exams every year. Students enrolled in 12th class from a CBSE affiliated institute can appear in these exams. Around 12 lakh students from 11,000 schools appear in the class 12th exam in 168 different subjects. Based on their score in CBSE 12th exams, students will be able to apply for admission to colleges and universities in various undergraduate programs as per his/her choice.

  • CBSE 12th date sheet 2020 has been released for practical and theory exams.
  • CBSE class 12 practical exams will be held from January 1 to February 7, 2020. 
  • The theory exams will begin from February 15, 2020 and will end on March 30, 2020.
  • All the exams of CBSE 12th will be conducted in the morning session from 10:30 am to stipulated time.
  • Students must go through CBSE class 12 Syllabus 2020 to know about the topics and units they need to study for CBSE 12th exams.
  • They should also solve sample papers and previous year's question papers to practise with various questions.
  • CBSE 12th sample papers 2020 has been released along with marking scheme, so go through them to prepare smartly.
  • The board will release CBSE admit card 2020 in the last week of January 2020 for regular and private students. 
  • These admit cards can be downloaded in online mode by entering the application number or previous roll number and other details.
  • The board will declare the result of CBSE class 12th in online mode in the first week of May 2020.
  • Students will have to enter their roll number, school number, centre number and admit card ID to check CBSE 12th result 2020
Exam level: Intermediate
Frequency: Once a year
Languages Arabic, Bengali +11 More
Conducting Body: Central Board of Secondary Education
Duration 3 Hours

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Latest Announcements

CBSE Class 12th 2020 Important Dates

Upcoming Dates and Events

01 Jan, 2020 - 07 Feb, 2020

Exam - Practical Exam | Mode: Offline Ongoing

15 Feb, 2020

Exam - Healthcare, Horticulture, Geospatial Technology, Electrical Technology, Cost Accounting, Shorthand (Hindi), Music Production, Food Nutrition & Dietetics, Mass Media Studies, Autoshop Repair, Textile Chemical Processing, Security, Electrical Machines | Mode: Offline

15 Feb, 2020

Exam - Multimedia & Web Tech, Mass Media Studies, Food Production IV, Understanding the Evaluation and forms of Mass Media, Retail Operations, Information Storage & Retrieval, Derivative Market Operations, Intro To Hospitality Management, Retail Banking | Mode: Offline

17 Feb, 2020

Exam - Knowledge Tradition & Practices, Automotive, Financial Market Management, Beauty & Wellness, Agriculture, Insurance, Medical Diagnostics, Auto Engineering, Kathak Dance, Bharatnatyam, Kuchipudi, Odissi, Kathakali | Mode: Offline

20 Feb, 2020

Exam - CRTV and COM PRAC MM, Database Management Application, Painting, Graphics, Sculpture, App/ Commercial Art, Electrical Appliances | Mode: Offline

22 Feb, 2020

Exam - Psychology | Mode: Offline

24 Feb, 2020

Exam - Physical Education | Mode: Offline

25 Feb, 2020

Exam - Entrepreneurship, Office Procedures & Practices, Textile Design, Traditional Indian Textile | Mode: Offline

26 Feb, 2020

Exam - Web Application- Old, Web Application- New, Media | Mode: Offline

27 Feb, 2020

Exam - English Elective- N, English Elective- C, English Core | Mode: Offline

28 Feb, 2020

Exam - Urdu Elective, Sanskrit Elective, National Cadet Corps, Urdu Core, Sanskrit Core, Engineering Sciences, Front Office Operation, Air Conditioning & Refrigeration, Design, Salesmanship | Mode: Offline

29 Feb, 2020

Exam - Engineering Sciences, Library & Information Science- (New & Old), Typography & Computer Application - (New & Old), Liberary System & Resource Management, Capital Market Operation, Electronic Technology, Fashion Studies, Printed Textile | Mode: Offline

02 Mar, 2020

Exam - Physics, Applied Physics | Mode: Offline

03 Mar, 2020

Exam - History | Mode: Offline

04 Mar, 2020

Exam - Marketing | Mode: Offline

05 Mar, 2020

Exam - Accountancy | Mode: Offline

06 Mar, 2020

Exam - Political Science | Mode: Offline

07 Mar, 2020

Exam - Chemistry | Mode: Offline

12 Mar, 2020

Exam - Tourism | Mode: Offline

13 Mar, 2020

Exam - Economics | Mode: Offline

14 Mar, 2020

Exam - Biology | Mode: Offline

16 Mar, 2020

Exam - Taxation, Carnatic Music Vocal, Carnatic Music MEL INS, Hindustani Music Vocal, Hindustani Music MEL INS, Hindustani Music PER INS | Mode: Offline

17 Mar, 2020

Exam - Mathematics, Applied Mathematics | Mode: Offline

18 Mar, 2020

Exam - Legal Studies, Shorthand English- Old, Food Production III, Food Production, Shorthand English- New | Mode: Offline

19 Mar, 2020

Exam - Punjabi, Bengali, Tamil, Telugu, Sindhi, Marathi, Gujarati, Manipuri, Malayalam, Odia, Assamese, Kannada, Arabic, Tibetan, French, German, Persian, Telugu - Telangana, Tangkhul, Japanese, Bhutia, Spanish, Mizo, Bodo, Bahasa Melayu | Mode: Offline

20 Mar, 2020

Exam - Hindi Elective, Hindi Core | Mode: Offline

21 Mar, 2020

Exam - Informatics Practice- New, Computer Science- New, Informatics Practice- Old, Computer Science- Old, Information Technology | Mode: Offline

23 Mar, 2020

Exam - Geography | Mode: Offline

24 Mar, 2020

Exam - Business Studies, Business Administration | Mode: Offline

26 Mar, 2020

Exam - Home Science | Mode: Offline

28 Mar, 2020

Exam - Biotechnology | Mode: Offline

30 Mar, 2020

Exam - Sociology | Mode: Offline

Past Dates and Events

01 Oct, 2019 - 15 Oct, 2019

Application - For private candidates (with late fee)) | Mode: Online

26 Aug, 2019 - 30 Sep, 2019

Application - For private candidates | Mode: Online

CBSE Class 12th 2020 Eligibility Criteria

Regular students who cleared the class 11 from CBSE or any recognized education board by the State/ UT Government and who are currently studying in Class 12th are eligible to appear for the CBSE 12th exam.

Private candidates are eligible to sit for CBSE 12th exams 2020 provided they fulfill the below criteria:

1. A candidate who had failed CBSE class 12 will be eligible to reappear at a subsequent examination as a private candidate. The candidates will be required to follow the syllabus and textbooks of the year in which he/she will reappear.

2. The following categories of candidates shall also be eligible to appear in CBSE 12th exams 2020 as private candidates at the Delhi Senior School Certificate Examination of the board:

  • Teachers serving in institutions affiliated to CBSE, who have already passed class 10 examination at least two years before taking class 12 examination. The teacher candidate should submit his application form along with a certificate by the Head of school they are serving it. The certificate should be duly countersigned by the Director of Education of the State/Union Territory.
  • Women candidates who are residents of NCT of Delhi and have passed class 10 at least two years before appearing for CBSE class 12.
  • Physically handicapped students who passed class 10 at least two years before appearing CBSE 12th exams 2020. They will have to produce reasonable evidence of having a deficiency which made them unable to attend normal school for the purpose of studies.

3. Women/handicapped private candidates should satisfy the following additional conditions that:

  • They privately pursued the prescribed course of studies under proper guidance
  • They are unable to join CBSE class 12 or there are such other reasons compelling them to appear at the CBSE 12th exams 2020 as a private candidate.
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CBSE Class 12th 2020 Application Process

Mode of Application : Offline

Mode of Payment : Other

  • In order to apply for CBSE 12th exams 2020, regular students are required to fill the examination form as instructed by the officials of their respective schools. 
  • Private candidates have to submit the application form along with prescribed fee and three copies of passport-sized photographs to the regional officer of CBSE of the state/UT they reside in.

Student Appearing Vs Seat Available

Year Student Appeared Seats Available
2019 None None

CBSE Class 12th 2020 Syllabus

Financial statements of not for profit organizations Concept
Features and preparation of Receipts and Payments Account
Features, preparation of income and expenditure account and balance sheet from the given receipts and payments account with additional information of Income and Expenditure Account
Accounting for partnership firms Features of Partnership Deed
Provisions of the Indian Partnership Act 1932 in the absence of partnership deed
Fixed v/s fluctuating capital accounts
Preparation of Profit and Loss Appropriation account division of profit among partners
Guarantee of profits
Past adjustments
Factors affecting and methods of valuation average profit
Super profit and Capitalization
Change in the Profit Sharing Ratio
Among the existing partners sacrificing ratio
Gaining ratio
Accounting for revaluation of assets and reassessment of liabilities and treatment of reserves and accumulated profits
Preparation of revaluation account and balance sheet
Effect of admission of a partner on change in the profit sharing ratio
Treatment of goodwill
Treatment for revaluation of assets and re- assessment of liabilities
Treatment of reserves and accumulated profits
Adjustment of capital accounts and preparation of balance sheet
Retirement and death of a partner
Effect of retirement and death of a partner on change in profit sharing ratio
Treatment for revaluation of assets and reassessment of liabilities
Adjustment of accumulated profits and reserves
Preparation of loan account of the retiring partner
Calculation of deceased partner’s share of profit till the date of death
Preparation of deceased partner’s capital account and his executor’s account
Dissolution of a partnership firm
Meaning of dissolution of partnership and partnership firm
Types of dissolution of a firm
Settlement of accounts, preparation of realization account and other related accounts
Capital accounts of partners and cash and bank a/c
Accounting for companies Accounting for Share Capital
Share and share capital
Nature and types of Share and Share capital
Issue and allotment of equity and preferences shares
Public subscription of shares, over subscription and under subscription of shares
Issue at par and at premium
Calls in advance and arrears
Issue of shares for consideration other than cash
Concept of Private Placement and Employee Stock Option Plan
Accounting treatment of forfeiture and re-issue of shares
Disclosure of share capital in the Balance Sheet of a company
Accounting for Debentures
Issue of debentures at par At a premium and at a discount
Issue of debentures for consideration other than cash
Issue of debentures with terms of redemption
Debentures as collateral security concept
Interest on debentures
Writing off discount loss on issue of debentures
Redemption of debentures Methods
Lump sum
Draw of lots
Creation of Debenture Redemption Reserve
Financial statements of a Company
Analysis of financial statements Statement of Profit and loss and balance sheet
Importance and limitations
Tools for Financial Statement Analysis
Comparative statements
Common size statements
Cash flow analysis
Ratio analysis
Accounting Ratios
Classification and computation
Liquidity Ratios
Current ratio and Quick ratio
Solvency Ratios
Debt to Equity Ratio
Total Asset to Debt Ratio
Proprietary Ratio and Interest Coverage Ratio
Activity Ratios
Inventory Turnover Ratio
Trade Receivables Turnover Ratio
Trade Payables Turnover Ratio and Working Capital Turnover Ratio
Profitability Ratios
Gross Profit Ratio
Operating Ratio
Operating Profit Ratio
Net Profit Ratio and Return on Investment
Cash flow statement Objectives and preparation
Advance crop production Food production including horticultural crops and its importance in the economy and nutritional security
Soil fertility
Productivity and concept of essential plant nutrients
Classification of essential plant nutrients
Roles and functions of essential plant nutrients and their important deficiency symptoms
Soil samplings and its processing
Introduction to soil pH and Organic Carbon
Introduction to manure
Bio fertilizers and their methods of application
Concept of Integrated Nutrient Management
Concept of soil moisture availability and various irrigation methods
Concept of precision and pressure irrigation
Drip and sprinkler irrigation
Methods of insect pest and disease management of Chemical
Biological and Mechanical
Concept of Integrated Pest Management
Organic farming Concept of history and importance of Organic farming
Present status and contribution in the National economy
Important food products grown organically
Important Government Schemes for the promotion of organic farming in our country
Kitchen gardening
Post-harvest management Post harvesting management of fruits
Vegetables and flowers
Pulses and oilseeds
Status of food processing in our country
Important Government schemes for food sector
Food processing and value addition Principles and methods of food processing and preservation
Benefits of food processing
Important value added products from fruits, vegetables, cereals, pulses and oil seeds
Preparation of jam, jelly, ketchup, morabba, pickles, marmalade
Packaging of quality standards and their marketing including export
Flowers and their harvesting of important processed flower products
Storage and their marketing
Concept of safe food and important food regulations
Subsidiary enterprises in agriculture Important subsidiary enterprises based on Agriculture including Horticulture and their importance in the socio economic status of an individual
Mushroom and their nutritional status and methods of production
Beekeeping and its important usage and importance of Honey
Wax and Royal jelly
Landscaping development and maintenance of lawns and avenue gardens
Preparation of Bio pesticides plant based
Organic manures composts and Vermicomposting
Setting up nurseries and marketing of plant sapling and important Govt
Schemes for the support of these enterprises
Reproduction Reproduction in organisms
A characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species
Modes of reproduction and asexual and sexual reproduction
Asexual Reproduction Binary fission
Gemmule formation
Vegetative propagation in plants
Sexual reproduction in flowering plants
Flower structure
Development of male and female gametophytes
Pollination Types
Agencies and examples
Outbreeding devices
Pollen Pistil interaction
Double fertilization
Post fertilization events development of Endosperm and Embryo
Development of seed and formation of fruit
Special modes apomixis
Significance of seed dispersal and fruit formation
Human Reproduction
Male and female reproductive systems
Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary
Gametogenesis, Spermatogenesis and Oogenesis
Menstrual cycle
Embryo development upto Blastocyst formation
Pregnancy and placenta formation in elementary idea
Parturition in Elementary Idea
Lactation Elementary Idea
Reproductive health
Need for Reproductive health and prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases STDs
Birth Control Need and Methods
Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy MTP
Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies IVF, ZIFT, GIFT Elementary Idea for General Awareness
Genetics and evolution Principles of Inheritance and Variation
Heredity and variation
Mendelian inheritance
Deviations from Mendelism Incomplete dominance
Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups
Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance
Chromosome theory of inheritance
Chromosomes and genes
Sex determination in humans
Sex determination in birds and honey bee
Linkage and crossing over
Sex Linked Inheritance Haemophilia
Colour blindness
Mendelian disorders in humans thalassemia
Chromosomal disorders in humans
Down's syndrome
Turner's and Klinefelter's syndromes
Molecular basis of Inheritance
Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material
Structure of DNA and RNA
DNA packaging
DNA replication
Central dogma
Genetic code
Gene expression and regulation lac operon
Genome and human and rice genome projects
DNA fingerprinting
Origin of life
Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution in paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidences
Darwin's contribution
Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution
Mechanism of evolution variation in mutation and recombination and natural selection with examples
Types of natural selection
Gene flow and Genetic Drift
Hardy Weinberg's principle
Adaptive radiation
Human evolution
Biology and human welfare Human Health and Diseases
Parasites causing human diseases in malaria, dengue, chickengunia, filariasis, ascariasis, typhoid, pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm and their control
Basic concepts of immunology vaccines
Adolescence Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
Improvement in Food production
Plant breeding
Tissue culture
Single cell Protein
Apiculture and animal husbandry
Microbes in human welfare
In household food processing
Industrial Production
Sewage Treatment
Energy generation and microbes as Biocontrol agents and Biofertilizers
Production and judicious use
Biotechnology and its applications Biotechnology Principles and processes
Genetic Engineering Recombinant DNA Technology
Biotechnology and its Application
Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture
Stem cell technology and gene therapy
Genetically modified organisms Bt crops
Transgenic animals
Biosafety issues
Bio piracy and patents
Ecology and environment Organisms and Populations
Organisms and environment Habitat and niche
Population and ecological adaptations
Population interactions mutualism
Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution
Age distribution
Productivity and Decomposition
Energy flow
Pyramids of number
Nutrient cycles carbon and phosphorous
Ecological succession
Ecological services carbon fixation
Seed Dispersal
Oxygen release
Biodiversity and its conservation
Biodiversity Concept
Biodiversity importance
Biodiversity loss of biodiversity
Biodiversity conservation
Endangered organisms
Red Data Book
Biosphere reserves
National parks
Sanctuaries and Ramsar sites
Environmental issues
Air pollution and its control
Water pollution and its control
Agrochemicals and their effects
Solid waste management
Radioactive waste management
Greenhouse effect and climate change impact and mitigation
Ozone layer depletion
Any one case study as success story addressing environmental issue
Protein and gene manipulation Recombinant DNA Technology
Tool of rDNA technology
Making rDNA
Introduction of recombinant DNA into host cells
Identification of Recombinants
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Hybridization Techniques
DNA Library
DNA Sequencing
Site-directed mutagenesis
Protein Structure and Engineering
Introduction to the world of proteins
3-D shape of proteins
Structure-Function Relationship in Proteins
Purification of Proteins
Characterization of Proteins
Protein Based Products
Designing Proteins
Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics
Sequencing Projects
Gene prediction and counting
Genome Similarity
SNPs and Comparative Genomics
Functional Genomics
History of Bioinformatics
Sequences and Nomenclature
Information Sources
Analysis using Bioinformatics tools
Cell culture and genetic manipulation Microbial Cell Culture and its Applications
Microbial Nutrition and Culture Techniques
Measurement and Kinetics of Microbial Growth
Scale-up of Microbial Process
Isolation of Microbial Products
Strain Isolation and Improvement
Applications of Microbial Culture Technology
Biosafety Issues in Microbial Technology
Plant Cell Culture and Applications
Cell and Tissue Culture Techniques
Applications of Cell and Tissue Culture
Gene Transfer Methods in Plants
Transgenic Plants with Beneficial Traits
Biosafety of Transgenic Plants
Animal Cell Culture and Applications
Animal Cell Culture Techniques
Characterization of Cell lines
Methods of Gene Delivery into Cells
Scale-up of Animal Culture Process
Applications of Animal Cell Culture
Stem cell technology
Tissue Engineering
Business studies
Nature and significance of management Management
Objectives and Importance
Concept includes meaning and features
Management as Science
Art and Profession
Levels of Management
Management functions
Directing and Controlling
Concept and Importance
Principles of management Concept and Significance
Fayol’s principles of management
Taylor's Scientific management
Principles and Techniques
Business environment Concept and Importance
Economic Dimensions of Business Environment
Political and Legal
Concept and Features
Impact of Government policy changes on business with special reference to liberalization
Privatization and Globalization in India
Planning Concept
Importance and Limitation
Planning process
Single use and standing plans
Method Rule
Budget and Programme
Organising Concept and Importance
Organising Process
Structure of organisation
Functional and Divisional concept
Concept of Formal and Informal organisation
Elements and Importance
Staffing Concept and importance of staffing
Staffing as a part of Human Resource Management concep
Staffing process
Recruitment process
Training and Development
Concept and Importance
Methods of training
On the job and Off the job
Vestibule training
Apprenticeship training and Internship training
Directing Concept and Importance
Elements of Directing
Function of a supervisor
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
Financial and non-financial incentives
Democratic and Laissez faire
Formal and Informal communication
Barriers to Effective Communication
How to overcome the barriers
Controlling Concept and Importance
Relationship between planning and controlling
Steps in process of control
Financial management Concept
Role and Objectives of Financial Management
Financial decisions
Financing and Dividend
Meaning and factors affecting Financial Planning
Concept and Importance of lambda
Capital Structure
Fixed and Working Capital
Concept and factors affecting their requirements
Financial markets Concept
Functions and types
Money market and its instruments
Capital market and its types
Methods of Floatation in the Primary market
Stock Exchange
Functions and trading procedure
Securities and Exchange Board of India
Objectives and Functions
Marketing management Selling and Marketing
Marketing Management
Marketing Functions
Marketing Management Philosophies
Marketing Mix
Concept and Elements
Factors determining price
Physical Distribution
Concept and Components
Channels of Distribution
Choice of Channels
Advertising Concept
Objections against advertising
Personal Selling concept and Qualities of a good salesman
Sales Promotion
Concept and Techniques
Public Relations
Concept and Role
Consumer protection Concept and importance of consumer protection
Consumer Protection Act 1986
Meaning of consumer Rights and responsibilities of consumers Who can file a complaint against whom
Redressal machinery Remedies available
Consumer awareness
Role of consumer organizations and Non-Governmental Organizations
Some basic concepts of chemistry General introduction
Importance and scope of chemistry
Nature of matter,properties of matter and their measurements
Laws of chemical combination
Dalton's atomic theory
Concept of elements
Atoms and molecules
Atomic and molecular masses
Mole concept and molar mass
Percentage composition
Empirical and molecular formula
Chemical reactions
Stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry
Structure of atom Bohr's model and its limitations
Concept of shells and subshells
Dual nature of matter and light
De Broglie's relationship
Heisenberg uncertainty principle
Concept of orbitals
Quantum numbers
Shapes of s and p and d orbitals
Rules for filling electrons in orbitals and Aufbau principle
Pauli's exclusion principle and Hund's rule
Electronic configuration of atoms
Stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals
Classification of elements and periodicity in properties Modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table
Periodic trends in properties of elements -atomic radii, ionic radii
Inert gas radii
Ionization enthalpy
Electron gain enthalpy
Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100
Chemical bonding and molecular structure Valence electrons
Ionic bond
Covalent bond
Bond parameters
Lewis structure
Polar character of covalent bond
Covalent character of ionic bond
Valence bond theory
Geometry of covalent molecules
VSEPR theory
Concept of hybridization
Involving s and p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules
Molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules
Hydrogen bond
States of matter in gases and liquids and solids Three states of matter
Intermolecular interactions
Types of bonding
Melting and boiling points
Role of gas laws in elucidating the concept of the molecule
Boyle's law
Charles law
Gay Lussac's law
Avogadro's law
Ideal behaviour
Empirical derivation of gas equation
Avogadro's number
Ideal gas equation
Deviation from ideal behaviour
Liquefaction of gases
Critical temperature
Kinetic energy and molecular speeds
Liquid state
Vapour pressure
Viscosity and surface tension
Solid state
Classification of solids based on different binding forces
Covalent and metallic solids
Amorphous and crystalline solids
Unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices
Calculation of density of unit cell
Packing in solids
Number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell
Point defects
Electrical and Magnetic properties
Chemical thermodynamics Concepts of System and types of systems
Extensive and intensive properties
State functions
First law of thermodynamics
Internal energy and enthalpy
Heat capacity and specific heat
Measurement of AU and AH
Hess's law of constant heat summation
Enthalpy of bond dissociation
Phase transition
Ionization and solution and dilution
Second law of thermodynamics
Introduction of entropy as a state function
Gibb's energy change for spontaneous and non- spontaneous processes
Criteria for equilibrium
Third law of thermodynamics
Equilibrium Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes
Dynamic nature of equilibrium
Law of mass action
Equilibrium constant
Factors affecting equilibrium
Le Chatelier's principle
Ionic equilibrium
Ionization of acids and bases
Strong and weak electrolytes
Degree of ionization
Ionization of poly basic acids
Acid strength
Concept of pH
Henderson equation
Hydrolysis of salts
Buffer solution
Solubility product
Common ion effect
Redox reactions Concept of oxidation and reduction
Redox reactions
Oxidation number
Balancing redox reactions
In terms of loss and gain of electrons and change in oxidation number
Applications of redox reactions
Hydrogen Position of hydrogen in periodic table
Occurrence, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen
Properties and uses of hydrogen
Hydrides-ionic covalent and interstitial
Physical and Chemical properties of water
Heavy Water
Hydrogen peroxide -preparation
Reactions and structure and use
Hydrogen as a fuel
S-block elements alkali and alkaline earth metals Group 1 and Group 2 Elements General introduction
Electronic configuration
Occurrence, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen
Anomalous properties of the first element of each group
Diagonal Relationship
Trends in the variation of properties
Trends in chemical reactivity with Oxygen
Water and hydrogen and halogens
Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds
Sodium Carbonate
Sodium Chloride
Sodium Hydroxide and Sodium Hydrogencarbonate
Biological importance of Sodium and Potassium
Calcium Oxide and Calcium Carbonate and their industrial uses
Biological importance of Magnesium and Calcium
P -block elements General Introduction to p -Block Elements
Group 13 elements
General introduction
Electronic configuration
Occurrence, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen
Variation of properties
Oxidation states
Trends in chemical reactivity
Anomalous properties of first element of the group
Boron - physical and chemical properties
some important compounds
Boric acid
Boron hydrides
Reactions with acids and alkalies and uses
Group 14 Elements
Anomalous behaviour of first elements
Allotropic Forms
Physical and Chemical properties
Uses of some important compounds
Important compounds of silicon and a few uses
Silicon tetrachloride
Silicates and Zeolites
Their uses
Group -15 Elements
Trends in Physical and Chemical properties
Nitrogen preparation properties and uses
Compounds of Nitrogen
Preparation and Properties of Ammonia and Nitric acid
Oxides of Nitrogen
Phosphorus - allotropic forms
Compounds of Phosphorus
Preparation and Properties of Phosphine
Halides and Oxoacids
Organic chemistry - some basic principles and techniques General introduction
Methods of purification
Qualitative and quantitative analysis
Classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds
Electronic displacements in a covalent bond
Inductive effect
Electrometric effect
Resonance and hyper conjugation
Homolytic and Heterolytic fission of a covalent bond
Free radicals
Electrophiles and Nucleophiles
Types of organic reactions
Hydrocarbons Classification of Hydrocarbons
Aliphatic Hydrocarbons
Isomerism - Structural and stereoisomerism
Physical properties
Chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation
Combustion and Pyrolysis
Alkenes - Nomenclature
Structure of double bond
Geometrical isomerism
Methods of Preparation
Chemical reactions
Addition of Hydrogen
Hydrogen halides
Mechanism of electrophilic addition
Structure of triple bond
Acidic character of Alkynes
Addition reaction of Hydrogen
Addition reaction of Halogens
Addition reaction of hydrogen halides and water
Aromatic hydrocarbons
IUPAC nomenclature
Chemical properties
Mechanism of electrophilic substitution
Friedel Craft's alkylation and acylation
Directive influence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene
Carcinogenicity and toxicity
Environmental chemistry Environmental pollution of air and water and soil pollution
Chemical reactions in atmosphere
Major atmospheric pollutants
Acid rain
Ozone and its reactions
Effects of depletion of ozone layer
Greenhouse effect and global warming
Pollution due to industrial wastes
Green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution
Strategies for control of environmental pollution
Computer science
Programming and computational thinking Revision of the basics of Python
Parameter passing
Mutable and Immutable properties of data objects
Pass arrays to functions
Return values
Functions using libraries
Mathematical and string functions
File handling
Open and close a file
Read and write and append to a file
Standard input and output and error streams
Relative and absolute paths
Using Python libraries
Create and import Python libraries
Simple algorithms with recursion
Fibonacci numbers
Recursion on arrays
Binary search
Idea of efficiency
Performance defined as inversely proportional to the wall clock time
Count the number of operations a piece of code is performing
Measure the time taken by a program
Example of take two different programs for the same problem and understand how the efficient one takes less time
Data visualization using Pyplot line chart and pie chart and bar chart
Data structures queues
Computer networks Structure of a network
Types of networks
Local area and wide area
New technologies such as cloud and IoT
Public vs Private cloud
Wired and wireless networks
Concept of a client and server
Network devices such as a NIC
Router and Access Point
Network stack
Amplitude and frequency modulation
Collision in wireless networks
Error checking and the notion of a MAC address
Main idea of routing
IP addresses
Routing table
Web URL's
Basic idea of retransmission
Rate modulation when there is congestion
Protocols of 2G and 3G and 4G and Wi-Fi
What makes a protocol have a higher bandwidth
Basic network tools
Speed test
Application layer
Working of email
Secure communication
Encryption and certificates
Network applications
Remote desktop
Remote login
Data management Write a minimal Django based web application that parses a GET and POST request
Writes the fields to a file flat file and CSV file
Interface Python with an SQL database
SQL commands
Aggregation functions
Having function
Group by function
Order By function
Society and law and ethics Intellectual property rights
Digital rights management
Open source
Open data
Privacy laws and fraud
Cyber crime phishing
Illegal downloads
Child pornography
Cyber forensics
IT Act 2000
Technology and society
Understanding of societal issues and cultural changes induced by technology
E-waste management
Proper disposal of used electronic gadgets
Identity theft
Unique ids and biometrics
Gender and disability issues while teaching and using computers
Introduction Meaning of Microeconomics and Macroeconomics
Positive and Normative Economics
What is an economy
Central problems of an economy
what, how and for whom to produce
Concepts of Production Possibility frontier and Opportunity Cost
Consumer's equilibrium and demand Consumer's equilibrium meaning of utility
Marginal utility
Law of diminishing marginal utility
Conditions of consumer's equilibrium using marginal utility analysis
Indifference curve analysis of consumer's equilibrium
The consumer's budget set including budget set and budget line
Preferences of the consumer by indifference curve, indifference map and conditions of consumer's equilibrium
Market demand
Determinants of demand
Demand schedule
Demand curve and its slope
Movement along and shifts in the demand curve
Price elasticity of demand and factors affecting price elasticity of demand
Measurement of price elasticity of demand by percentage change method
Producer behaviour and supply Meaning of Production Function including Short Run and Long Run
Total Product
Average Product and Marginal Product
Returns to a Factor
Cost including Short run costs and total cost
Total fixed cost
Total variable cost
Average cost
Average fixed cost
Average variable cost and marginal cost including their meaning and their relationships
Total Revenue
Average Revenue
Marginal revenue meaning and relationship between average and marginal revenue
Producer's equilibrium meaning and its conditions in terms of marginal revenue
Marginal cost and Supply
Market supply
Determinants of supply
Supply schedule
Supply curve and its slope
Movements along and shifts in supply curve
Price elasticity of supply
Measurement of price and elasticity of supply by percentage change method
Forms of market and price determination under perfect competition with simple applications Perfect competition Features
Determination of market equilibrium and effects of shifts in demand and supply
Other Market Forms monopoly
Monopolistic competition
Oligopoly their meaning and features
Simple Applications of Demand and Supply
Price ceiling
Price floor
National income and related aggregates Some basic concepts consumption goods
Capital goods, final goods, intermediate goods
Stocks and flows
Gross investment and depreciation
Circular flow of income two sector model
Methods of calculating National Income Value Added or Product method
Expenditure method
Income method
Aggregates related to National Income
Gross National Product GNP
Net National Product NNP
Gross and Net Domestic Product GDP and NDP at market price
At factor cost
Real and Nominal GDP
GDP and Welfare
Money and banking Money meaning
Money supply of money
Currency held by the public and net demand deposits held by commercial banks
Money creation by the commercial banking system
Central bank and its functions
Bank of issue
Govt Bank
Banker's Bank
Control of Credit through Bank Rate
Repo Rate and Reverse Repo Rate
Open Market Operations
Margin requirement
Determination of income and employment Aggregate demand and its components
Propensity to consume and propensity to save
Short run equilibrium output
Investment multiplier and its mechanism
Meaning of full employment and involuntary unemployment
Problems of excess demand and deficient demand
Measures to correct them changes in government spending
Taxes and money supply
Government budget and the economy Government budget meaning
Government budget objectives and components
Classification of receipts revenue receipts and capital receipts
Classification of expenditure revenue expenditure and capital expenditure
Measures of government deficit revenue deficit
Fiscal deficit
Primary deficit their meaning
Balance of payments Balance of payments account meaning and components
Balance of payments deficit meaning
Foreign exchange rate meaning of fixed and flexible rates and managed floating
Determination of exchange rate in a free market
Engineering graphics
Isometric projection of solids Construction of isometric scale showing main divisions of 10mm and smaller divisions of 1mm
Showing the leading angles
Drawing helping view of triangles pentagon hexagon using isothermic scale
Isometric projection and drawn to isometric scale of solids such as cube
Regular prism and pyramids
Hemi sphere
Frustum of right regular pyramids and cone
Cut by a plane parallel to the base
The axis and the base side of the solid should be either perpendicular to HP / VP or parallel to HP and VP
Combination of two solids except "frustum" of Pyramids and Cone Keeping the base side parallel or perpendicular to HP/VP and placed centrally together
Axis of both the solids should not be given parallel to HP
Machine drawing Drawing of machine parts
Drawing to full size scale with instruments
Introduction of threads
Standard profiles of screw threads square
Metric of external and internal
Nuts Square and Hexagonal
Plain washer
Combination of nut and bolt with or without washer for assembling two parts together
Single riveted lap joint with standard dimensions
Free hand sketches
Conventional representation of external and internal threads
Types of rivets of snap head
Pan head without tapered neck
Flat head and 600 countersunk flat head
Types of sunk keys
Open Bearing
Bused Bearing
Rod Joints
Cotter joints for circular rods
Cotter joints for round rods
Cotter joints for square rods
Tie rod and Pipe joint
Flange pipe joint
Unprotected Flange Coupling
Protected Flange Coupling
Solid cast iron pulley having solid web
English core
Reading skills Conceptual
Literary conventions and vocabulary
Summarising and using appropriate formats
Writing skills Reasoning
Appropriacy of style and tone
Using appropriate format and fluency
Evaluation and creativity
Literary text books and long reading text Recalling
Appreciating literary conventions
Creativity with fluency
English elective
Reading comprehension Conceptual understanding
Appreciating or literary conventions and vocabulary
Creative writing skills Reasoning appropriacy of Style and tone
Using appropriate format
Creativity with Fluency Applying appropriate language Conventions
Comprehension using structures interactively
Accuracy and fluency
Literature texts Recalling
Entrepreneurial opportunities - contents Sensing Entrepreneural Opportunities
Environment Scanning
Problem Identification
Spotting Trends
Creativity and Innovation
Selecting the Right Opportunity
Entrepreneurial opportunities - learning outcomes Understand the concept and elements of business opportunity
Understand the process involved in sensing opportunities
Give the meaning of environment scanning
To understand the need to seen the environment
Enlist the various forces affecting business environment
Understand the different fields of ideas
Enlist the various sources of idea fields
Understand the process of transformation of ideas into opportunities
Explain the meaning of trend spotting
Understand the concept of opportunity assessment
Identify the different ways of spotting trends
Differentiate the process of creativity and innovation
Entrepreneurial planning - contents Forms of Business Entitites
Sole proprietorship
Joint Stock Company
Meaning characteristics and suitability
Business Plan
Organisational plan
Operational plan and production plan
Financial plan
Marketing Plan
Human Resource Planning
Formalities for starting a business
Entrepreneurial planning - learning outcomes Understand the concept of entrepreneurial planning
Understand the forms of business enterprise
Distinguish among the various forms of Business enterprise
Explain the concept of Business plan
Appreciate the importance of a Business Plan
Describe the various components of Business plan
Differentiate among the various components of Business plan
Enterprise marketing - contents Goals of Business
Goal Setting
Marketing and Sales strategy
Business name, logo, tag line of Branding
Promotion strategy
Importance and methods of Negotiations
Customer Relations
Vendor Management
Reasons of Business Failure
Enterprise marketing - learning outcomes Understand the goal setting and SMART goals
Explain the concepts of Product
Explain the concepts of Price
Explain the concepts of Place and Promotion
Understand the concept of Branding, Packaging and Labelling
Describe the various methods of pricing
Explain the various channels of distribution
Appreciate and discuss the various factors affecting the channels of distribution
Understand the sales strategy
State the different types of components of sales strategy
Enumerate the different tools of promotion
Understand the meaning and objectives of Advertising
Able to discuss the various modes of Advertising
Will be able to understand the concept of personal selling and sales promotion
Discuss the various techniques of sales promotion
Understand the meaning and methods of negotiation
Understand the concept of customer relationship management
State the importance of Customer Relationship Management
Explain the concept of management in a firm
Explain the concept and importance of vendor management in a firm
Explain the various reasons for business failure
Enterprise growth strategies - contents Franchising
Merger and Acquisition
Value Chain and Value Addition
Enterprise growth strategies - learning outcomes Understand the concept of growth & development of an enterprise
Explain the concept of franchise
Explain the different types of franchise
Explain the advantages and limitations of franchise
Understand growth of a firm is possible through mergers and acquisitions
Explain the different types of mergers
State the meaning and types of acquisitions
Understand the reasons for mergers and acquisitions
Understand the reasons for failure of mergers and acquisitions
Explain the concept of value addition
Describe the different types of Value Addition
State the meaning of value chain
Discuss the Porters Model of Value Chain
Difference between merger and acquisition
Business arithmetic - contents Unit of Sale, Unit Cost for multiple products or services
Break even Analysis for multiple products or services
Importance and use of cash flow projections
Budgeting and managing the finances
Computation of working capital
Inventory control and EOQ
Return on Investment and Return on Equity
Business Arithmetic - learning outcomes Understand the concept of Unit Cost
Understand the concept of unit price
Calculate Break-even point for Multiple products
Understand the meaning of inventory control
Understand the meaning of Economic Order Quantity
Enumerate the meaning of cash flow projection
Explain the concept of working capital
Understand the terminologies of financial management and budgets
Calculate Return on Investment
Explain the concept of Return on Equity
Resource mobilization - contents Angel Investor
Venture Capital Funds
Stock Market raising funds
Meaning and objectives are Specialized Financial Institutions
Resource mobilization - learning outcomes Understand the need of finance in the Business
Understand the various sources of funds required for a firm
Understand the methods of raising finance in primary market
Understand the importance of secondary market for mobilization or resources
Give the meaning of stock exchange
Raising funds through financial markets
Understand the relevance of stock exchange as medium through which funds can be raised
Understand the role of SEBI
Explain the concept of angel investors
Explain the concept of venture capital
Explain the objectives played by IDBI, SIDBI, IFCI, NABARD, IIBI, SFC, TFCI, SIDC
Fashion studies
History of Fashion Introduction to history of fashion
Sources of information
Factors affecting clothing
Adornment Origin and development of costume
Draped costume
War costume
Techniques of construction
Ancient war costumes
Uniforms during World Wars
Oriental and Indian war costumes
Industrial Revolution
Mechanical inventions
Influence on India Effect of World Wars on fashion
Evolution of 20th century Indian fashion and influence of films on fashion
Teaching Methodology
Illustrated lecture with slides and visuals
Kaleidoscope of fashion by Mehar Castilino
Ancient Indian Costume by Roshan Alkazi
Basic pattern development Methods of measuring body and dress form
Relationships of sizes and measurements
Tools of pattern making
Common terms used in pattern development
Introduction to pattern Development for womenswear
How patterns are made and developed
The importance of fit and balance and methods of achieving it
Basic Bodice
How to develope it from the standard measurement chart and test fitted on the dress form
How to develop basic sleeve block
How to develop basic skirt block with one dart or two darts
A line and flared skirt Basics of collar development
Basic collars like peter pan & Chinese Dart manipulation
Illustrate lectures with slides
Visuals and demonstrations where ever required.
Pattern making by Helen Armstrong
Pattern making for women’s wear by Winifred Aldrich
Pattern making by Pamela Stringer
Elements of fashion Understanding Fashion definition and overview
Haute couture
High Fashion
Ready to Wear
Mass produced garments
Fashion Capitals
Meanswear Introduction, Categories, Elements of Design, Shirts, Pants and Shorts Suits
Womenswear dresses, blouses, skirts, trousers, kameezes, saris and blouses
Introduction of Indian Womenswear
Elements of design and categories
Kids wear Introduction
Garments for different ages like New born, Infants Toddlers, Pre teans and Teans, dungarees
Trims used for the fashion apparel
Illustrated lectures with slides and visuals
Concept to consumer by Gini Stephens Frings
Encyclopaedia of Fashion details
Basics of garment making Understanding fabric types and selection of underlining
Interfacing and inter-lining Pattern methods
Fabric for cutting
Pattern layout and cutting of special fabrics
Assembly of bodice using different seams and appropriate finish for side seam and shoulder seams
Types of plackets
Appropriate neckline finishes with piping
Bias facing and shaped facing of stay stitching
Sleeve attachment to the bodice by setting in the sleeve into armhole
Assembly of cuffs
Illustrate the content with slides
Visuals and demonstrations wherever required
Encyclopedia of dressmaking by Marshall Cavendish
Readers Digest book of Sewing
Encyclopedia of Sewing
The Rajasthani and Pahari schools of miniature painting The Rajasthani School
Origin and Development
Kishangarh and Jaipur
Main features of the Rajasthani School
Study of the following Rajasthani paintings
Maru Ragini
Raja Aniruddha Singh Hara
Utkal Ram
Chaugan Players
Krishna on swing
Nihal Chand
Bharat Meets Rama at Chitrakuta
The Pahari School
Chamba and Garhwal
Main features of the Pahari School
Study of the following Pahari paintings
Krishna with Gopis
Bharat Worshipping Charan Padukas of Rama
Cosmic Dance of Shiva
Yashoda and Krishna with Kinsmen going to Vrindavana
Radha and Krishna Looking into the Mirror
The Mughal and Deccan schools of miniature painting The Mughal School
Origin and Development
Main features of the Mughal School
Study of the following Mughal Paintings
Krishna Lifting Mount Govardhana
Babur Crossing the River Sone
Jahangir Holding the Picture of Madona
Abul Hassan
Falcon on a Bird-Rest
Ustad Mansoor
Kabir and Raidas
Ustad Faquirullah Khan
Marriage procession of Dara Shikoh
Haji Madni
The Deccan School
Main features of the Deccan School
Study of the following Deccan Paintings
Ragini Pat-hamsika
Sultan Abdulla Qutb Shah
Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya and Amir Khusro
Chand Bibi Playing Polo
The Indian National flag and the Bengal school of painting Evolution of the Indian National Flag
Introduction to the Bengal School of Painting
Contribution of Indian artists in the struggle for National Freedom Movement
Tiller of the Soil
Nandlal Bose
Study of the following paintings of the Bengal school
Journey’s End
Abanindranath Tagore
Shiva and Sati
Rasa Lila
Kshitindra nath Majumdar
M.A.R. Chughtai
Ram Gopal Vijaivargiya
Arjuna Detach From War
Sarada Charan Ukil
The modern trends in Indian art Introduction
Study of the following work of Contemporary (Modern) Indian Art
Rama Vanquishing the Pride of the Ocean
Raja Ravi Varma
Gaganendranath Tagore
Mother and child
Jamini Roy
Three Girls
Amrita Sher Gil
Mother Teressa
M.F. Husain
N.S. Bendre
The Vulture
Kamlesh Dutt Pande
Words and Symbols
K.C.S Paniker
Graphic prints
Whirl pool
Krishna Reddy
Somnath Hore
Jyoti Bhatt
Anupam Sud
Man, Woman and Tree
K. Laxma Goud
Triumph of Labour
D. P. Roy chowdhury
Santhal Family
Ramkinkar Vaij
Cries Un heard
Amar Nath Sehgal
P.V. Jankiram
Aekka Yada Giri Rao
Mrinalini Mukherjee
Of Walls
Woman and Tree
Human geography Nature and Scope of financial accounting
People Population of distribution and density and growth
Population change spatial patterns and structure
Determinants of population change
Age and Sex Ratio
Rural urban composition
Human development concept
Selected indicators
International comparisons
Composition of population and linguistic
Sex rural of urban and occupational regional variations in growth of population
Migration and international
National causes and consequences
Human development of selected indicators and regional patterns
Population of environment and development
Human activities Primary activities of concept and changing trends
Gathering and Pastoral Mining
Subsistence agriculture
Modern agriculture
People engaged in agricultural and allied activities
Secondary activities concept
Types household
Agro based and mineral based industries
People engaged in secondary activities of some examples from selected countries
Tertiary activities concept
Transport and tourism
People engaged in tertiary activities of some examples from selected countries
Quaternary activities of concept
People engaged in Quaternary activities case study from selected countries
Transport of communication and trade Land transport of roads and railways
Trans continental railways
Water transport of inland waterways
Major ocean routes
Air transport Intercontinental air routes
Oil and gas pipelines
Satellite communication and cyber space of Importance and usage for geographical information
Use of GPS
International trade-Bases and changing patterns
Ports as gateways of international trade
Role of WTO in International trade
Human settlements Settlement types of rural and urban
Morphology of cities and case study
Distribution of mega cities
Problems of human settlements in developing countries
Rural settlements of types and distribution
Urban settlements types
Distribution and functional classification
Resources and development Land resources general land use
Agricultural land use
Geographical conditions and distribution of major crops Wheat, Rice, Tea, Coffee, Cotton, Jute, Sugarcane and Rubber agricultural development and problems
Water resources-availability and utilization irrigation
Industrial and other uses
Scarcity of water and conservation methods-rain water harvesting and watershed management
Mineral and energy resources- distribution of metallic Iron ore, Copper, Bauxite, Manganese
Non metallic Mica, Salt minerals
Conventional Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas and Hydroelectricity and non conventional energy sources solar, wind, Biogas and conservation
Industries types
Factors of industrial location
Distribution and changing pattern of selected industries iron and steel
Cotton textiles
Petrochemicals and knowledge based industries
Impact of liberalization
Privatisation and globalisation on industrial location
Industrial clusters
Planning in India target group area planning of case study
Idea of sustainable development and case study
Transport of communication and international trade Transport and communication roads
Waterways and airways
Oil and gas pipelines
Geographical information and communication networks
International trade- changing pattern of India's foreign trade
Sea ports and their hinterland and airports
Geographical perspective on selected issues and problems Environmental pollution
Urban waste disposal
Rural urban migration
Problems of slums
Land degradation
The story of the first cities Harappan archaeology Broad overview
Early urban centres
Story of discovery
Harappan civilization
Archaeological report on a major site
How it has been utilized by archaeologists/historians
Political and economic history How Inscriptions tell a story
Political and economic history from the Mauryan to the Gupta period
Inscriptions and the decipherment of the script
Shifts in the understanding of political and economic history
Asokan inscription and Gupta period land grant
Interpretation of inscriptions by historians
Social histories using the Mahabharata Issues in social history
Including caste
kinship and gender
Transmission and publications of the Mahabharata
From the Mahabharata
Illustrating how it has been used by historians
Other sources for reconstructing social history
A history of Buddhism Sanchi stupa broad overview A brief review of religious histories of Vedic religion
Focus on Buddhism
Sanchi stupa
Reproduction of sculptures from Sanchi
Ways in which sculpture has been interpreted by historians
Other sources for reconstructing the history of Buddhism
Medieval society through travellers’ accounts Outline of social and cultural life as they appear in travelers' accounts
A discussion of where they travelled
Why they travelled
What they wrote and for whom they wrote
From Alberuni
Ibn Batuta
What these travel accounts can tell us and how they have been interpreted by historians
Religious histories the bhakti-Sufi tradition Outline of religious developments during this period
Ideas and practices of the Bhakti-Sufi saints
How Bhakti-Sufi compositions have been preserved
Extracts from selected Bhakti-Sufi works
Ways in which these have been interpreted by historians
New architecture of Hampi Outline of new buildings during Vijayanagar period-temples
Irrigation facilities
Relationship between architecture and the political system
Account of how Hampi was found
Visuals of buildings at Hampi
Ways in which historians have analyzed and interpreted these structures
Agrarian relations the Ain-I- Akbari Structure of agrarian relations in the 16th and 17th centuries
Patterns of change over the period
Account of the compilation and translation of Ain-i-Akbar
from the Ain-i-Akbari
Ways in which historians have used the text to reconstruct history
The Mughal Court Reconstructing Histories through Chronicles
Outline of political history 15th-17th centuries
Discussion of the Mughal court and politics
Account of the production of court chronicles and their subsequent translation and transmission
From the Akbarnama and Padshahnama
Ways in which historians have used the texts to reconstruct political histories
Colonialism and rural society evidence from official reports Life of zamindars and peasants and artisans in the late 18th century
East India Company
Revenue settlements and surveys
Changes over the nineteenth century
An account of why official investigations into rural societies were undertaken and the types of records and reports produced
From Firminger's Fifth Report
Accounts of Frances Buchanan-Hamilton and Deccan Riots Report
What the official records tell and do not tell and how they have been used by historians
Representations of 1857 The events of 1857-58
How these events were recorded and narrated
Focus of Lucknow
Pictures of 1857
Extracts from contemporary accounts
How the pictures of 1857 shaped British opinion of what had happened
Colonialism and Indian towns
Town plans and municipal reports The growth of Mumbai
Chennai and hill stations and cantonments in the 18th and 19th centuries
Photographs and paintings
Plans of cities
Extract from town plan reports
Focus on Kolkata town planning
How the above sources can be used to reconstruct the history of towns
What these sources do not reveal
Mahatma Gandhi through contemporary eyes The Nationalist Movement 1918 - 48
The nature of Gandhian politics and leadership
Mahatma Gandhi in 1931
Reports from English and Indian language newspapers and other contemporary writings
How newspapers can be a source of history
Partition through Oral Sources
The history of the 1940s
Communalism and Partition
Punjab and Bengal
Oral testimonies of those who experienced partition
Ways in which these have been analyzed to reconstruct the history of the event
The making of the constitution Independence and the new nation state
The making of the Constitution
The Constitutional Assembly debates
from the debates
What such debates reveal and how they can be analyzed
Home science
Human development of life span approach Adolescence 12 to 18 years
Adolescence Growth and Development
Adolescence Domains and principles
Meaning of Adolescence characteristics and needs
Influences on identity formation
Biological and Physical changes
Early and late matures
Adolescence by social
Adolescence culture and media
Emotional changes
Cognitive changes
Specific issues and concerns
Eating disorders-Causes
Consequences and management
Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia
Substance Abuse
Related to sex
Handling stress and peer pressure
Young and middle adulthood
Understanding and management of new responsibilities
Carrier marriage and family
Late Adulthood Old age
Health and Wellness of physical, social, emotional, financial, recreational needs
Care for elderly
Anger management
Nutrition for self, family and community Meal Planning
Meaning and importance of Nutrition for Self, Family and Community
Principles and factors affecting meal planning
Nutritional needs
Food preferences and modifications of diets in different age groups
Infants, children, adolescence, adults, elderly and in special conditions
pregnancy and lactation
Use of basic food groups and serving size in meal planning
Factors influencing selection of food
Family food practices
Peer group
Availability of foods
purchasing power
Individual preference & health
Food safety and quality
Safe food handling
Safety guards against food adulteration
Definition and meaning of food adulteration as given by FSSAI
Common adulterants present in cereals
Milk and milk products
Fats and oils
Sugar, jaggery, honey, spices and condiments
Effects of some of the adulterants present in the foods are kesari dal, metanil yellow, argemone seeds
Food standards
Therapeutic modification of normal diet with respect to consistency, frequency, foodstuffs, nutrients and methods of cooking
Modification of diet according to common ailments are diarrhea, fever, jaundice, hypertension, diabetes and constipation
Physiological change
Clinical symptoms
Requirements and dietary requirements in each condition
Money management and consumer education Family Income
Various sources of family income
Money income
Real income
Psychic income
Supplementing family income need and ways are need and procedure for maintaining household accounts
Savings and Investment
Meaning and importance of savings
Basis for selection of investment methods are risk, security, profit, tax saving
Ways and methods of investment
Bank schemes
Post Office schemes
Insurance schemes
Public Provident Fund and Provident Fund
Meaning of Consumer Protection and Education
problems faced by consumer,
Consumer Protection Amendment Act 2011
Consumer aids arte labels standardization marks and advertising
leaflets and Consumer redressal forum Internet
Apparel designing, selection and care Application of elements of art and principles of design in designing apparel
Selection and purchase of fabrics purpose, cost, season, quality, durability, ease of maintenance and comfort
Selection of apparel
Factors influencing selection of apparel are age, size, climate, occupation, figure, occasion, fashion, drape cost and workmanship
Care and maintenance of clothes
Cleansing agents and soaps and detergents
Stain removal
General principles of stain removal
Stain removal of tea, coffee, lipstick, ball pen, Grease, Curry and Blood
Storage of clothes
Community development and extension Water safety
Safe drinking wate
Importance of potable water for good health and its qualities
simple methods of making water safe for drinking
Boiling and filtering use of alum chlorine
Salient features of income generating schemes
DWCRA - Development of Women and Children in Rural Are
MGNREGA - Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005
Career options after home science education Career options of self and wage employment of various fields of Home Science
Informatics practices
Data handling Python Pandas
Advanced operations on Data Frames of python Pandas
Python Pandas pivoting
Python Pandas sorting
Python Pandas aggregation
Descriptive statistics
Create a histogram
Function application
Apply map
Altering labels
1D array
2D array
Arithmetic operations on 2D arrays
Co variance
Correlation and linear regression
Plotting with Pyplot
Plot bar graphs
Frequency polygons
Box plots
Scatter plots
Basic software engineering Introduction to software engineering
Software Processes
Waterfall model
Evolutionary model
Component based model
Delivery models
Incremental delivery
Spiral delivery
Process activities
Agile methods
Pair programming
Business use case diagrams
Practical aspects
Version control system GIT
Do case studies of software systems and build use case diagrams
Write a minimal Django based web application that parses a GET and POST request
Writes the fields to a file flat file and CSV file
Interface Python with an SQL database
SQL commands
Aggregation functions
Group by
Order by
Society, law and ethics Intellectual property rights
Digital rights management
Open source
Open data
Privacy laws
Cybercrime phishing
Illegal downloads
Child pornography
Cyber forensics
IT Act 2000
Technology and society
Understanding of societal issues and cultural changes induced by technology
E waste management
Proper disposal of used electronic gadgets
Identity theft
Unique ids
Gender and disability issues while teaching and using computers
Role of new media in society
Online campaigns
Smart mobs
Issues with the internet
Internet as an echo chamber
Net neutrality
Internet addiction
Case studies of Arab Spring
Bit coin
Knowledge traditions and practices of India
Reading skills Two passages from the textbook
Analytical skills Two passages for comparing/ contrasting relating to the present time
One out of three long answer type questions
Thinking skills Five out of six Short Answer Questions
Ten objective type questions based on Multiple Choice Answers
Legal studies
Judiciary Constitution
Roles and Impartiality Structure
Hierarchy of Courts
Legal Offices in India Appointments
Retirement and Removal of Judges
Judicial Review
Topics in law Property
Administrative Law
Arbitration, tribunal adjudication and alternate dispute resolution Adversarial and Inquisitorial System
Administrative Tribunals
Mediation and Conciliation
Lok Adalats
Lokpal and Lokayukt
Human rights in India Human Rights Laws Constitution
Human Rights Laws Statutes
Complaint Mechanisms and Human Rights Commissions
Legal profession in India History of Legal Profession in India
Role and Types of Functions of Judges and Lawyers
Solicitors and Advocates
Changes Affected by Indian Advocates Act,1961
Legal services Legal Services
International context Introduction to International Law
Sources of International Law
International Institutions
International Human Rights
Relations and Functions Relations and Functions
Types of relations
Transitive and equivalence relations
One to one and onto functions
Composite functions
Inverse of a function
Binary operations
Inverse trigonometric functions (principal value only)
Principal value branch
Graphs of inverse trigonometric functions
Elementary properties of inverse trigonometric functions
Algebra Matrices
Types of matrices
Zero and identity matrix
Transpose of a matrix
Symmetric and skew symmetric matrices
Operation on matrices
Addition and multiplication and multiplication with a scalar
Simple properties of addition
Multiplication and scalar multiplication
Non commutativity of multiplication of matrices and existence of Non zero matrices whose product is the zero matrix
Concept of elementary row and column operations
Invertible matrices and proof of the uniqueness of inverse If it exists
Determinant of a square matrix
Properties of determinants
Co factors and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle
Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix
Inconsistency and number of solutions of system of linear equations by examples
Solving system of linear equations in two or three variables using inverse of a matrix
Calculus Continuity and differentiability
Derivative of composite functions
Chain rule
Derivatives of inverse trigonometric functions
Derivative of implicit functions
Concept of exponential and logarithmic functions
Derivatives of logarithmic and exponential functions
Logarithmic differentiation
Derivative of functions expressed in parametric forms
Second order derivatives
Rolle’s and Lagrange's Mean Value Theorems and their geometric interpretation
Applications of derivatives
Rate of change of bodies
Increasing and decreasing functions
Tangents and normals
Use of derivatives in approximation
Maxima and minima
Simple problems
Integration as inverse process of differentiation
Integration of a variety of functions by substitution
By partial fractions and by parts
Evaluation of simple integrals of the following types and problems based on them
Applications of the Integrals
Applications in finding the area under simple curves
Especially lines and circles and parabolas and ellipses
Area between any of the two above said curves
Differential Equations
Order and degree
General and particular solutions of a differential equation
Formation of differential equation whose general solution is given
Solution of differential equations by method of separation of variables
Solutions of homogeneous differential equations of first order and first degree
Solutions of linear differential equation of the type
Vectors and three dimensional geometry Vectors
Vectors and scalars
Magnitude and direction of a vector
Direction cosines and direction ratios of a vector
Types of vectors
position vector of a point
Negative of a vector
Components of a vector
Addition of vectors
Multiplication of a vector by a scalar
Position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio
Geometrical Interpretation
Properties and application of scalar
Product of vectors
Vector product of vectors
Scalar triple product of vectors
Three dimensional Geometry
Direction cosines and direction ratios of a line joining two points
Cartesian equation and vector equation of a line
Coplanar and skew lines
Shortest distance between two lines
Cartesian and vector equation of a plane
Angle between
Two lines
Two planes
A line and a plane
Distance of a point from a plane
Linear programming Linear Programming
Related terminology such as constraints
Objective function
Different types of linear programming
Mathematical formulation of L.P
Graphical method of solution for problems in two variables
Feasible and infeasible regions
Feasible and infeasible solutions
Optimal feasible solutions
Probability Probability
Conditional probability
Multiplication theorem on probability
Independent events
Total probability
Bayes' theorem
Random variable and its probability distribution
Mean and variance of random variable
Repeated independent trials and Binomial distribution
Multimedia and web tech
Introduction to database management Database Terminology
Concept of Keys
Candidate key
Primary key
Alternate key
Foreign key
Examples of common Database Management System
MS SQL Server
Sybase etc.
Database Tool
Introduction to MySQL of Using MySQL creating Database and table
Defining primary key
Displaying records using SELECT command
WHERE clause
Modifying records using
Networking and open standards Computer Networking
Evolution of Networking
Network Topologies
Types of Network
Wired Technologies
Twisted pair cable
Coaxial cable
Optical fiber
Wireless Technologies
Radio link
Microwave link
Radio link and satellite link
Network devices
Gateway and their functions Identifying computers and users over a network
Basic concept of domain name
Media Access Control and IP Address
Domain name resolution
Wireless/Mobile Communication
Internet Applications
Voice mail
Chat and Video conferencing
Network Security Concepts
Cyber law
Hackers and crackers
Open Source Concepts
Proprietary and open source software
Common FOSS/FLOSS examples e.g. GNU/Linux, Firefox, OpenOffice, Linux, Mozilla web browser, Apache server, MySQL, Postgres, Pango, Tomcat, PHP, Python
Indian Language Computing
Character encoding
Different types of fonts open type vs true type, static vs dynamic
Entering Indian Language Text phonetic and key map based
Web page development Review of HTML/DHTML
JavaScript covered in Class XI
Installation and Managing WEB-Server
Concept of PHP
Features of PHP
Other equivalent tools JSP
PHP Including PHP in web page
Data types
Using variables in PHP
Using constants in PHP
Constant function
Output data to Screen of echo and print statements
Arithmetic operators
Unary and Binary
Assignment operators
String operator
Comparison operators
Incrementing/Decrementing operators
Logical operators
Array Operators
Operator precedence
Built In Functions
String Manipulation Functions
Time and Date Functions
Declaration and use of indexed arrays and 1 dimensional
Inbuilt functions sort
Conditional statements
If else
If elseif else
Do while
For each
Unconditional exit from loop /switch using break
User Defined Functions
Defining a function
Calling/invoking a function
Passing parameters/arguments
Pass by value
pass by reference
Return value
Default value
Global Variables Superglobals
PHP Forms
Form Handling
Form Validation
Form URL/E-mail
Text Files
Opening a file,
Reading a file
Writing a file
Closing a file
Other Features
PHP File Upload
Sessions start modify and destroy
Error Handling
Working on Database
Using MySQLi Procedural API
Connecting with Databases
opening and closing databases
Deleting of records from tables
Multimedia and authoring tools Movie File Formats
Audio/Video on the web page
Multimedia Authoring Using Macromedia Flash
Making of simple movie
Setting properties
Frame rate
Dimensions and background color
Movie Frames
Concept of frame
Frame buffer and frame rate,
Creating a key frame
Inserting text into the frame
Inserting graphical elements into the frame
Converting text/graphics to symbol
Inserting symbol into the frame
Setting symbol property graphics/button/movie
Inserting blank key frame
Selecting all/specific frames of a layer
Copying/pasting selected frames
Concept of scene
Duplicate scene
Add scene
Delete scene and navigating between scenes
Concept of layer
Layer properties
Layer name
Show/hide/lock layers
Viewing layer as outline
Adding/deleting a layer
Types of Layer normal/guide/mask
Special Effects
Motion Tweening
Shape Tweening
Inserting Sound Layer
Testing a Scene and Movie
Import/Export Movie/Sound and other multimedia objects
Publishing a movie
Changing publish settings
Producing swf flash movie
Html page
Gif image
Jpeg image
Png image
Windows projector
Macintosh projector
Quick time
Real player
Testing with Publish Preview
Multimedia Application
Education use of CAL tool
Virtual reality
Digital libraries
information kiosks
Video on demand
Video phone
Video conferencing and telemedicine
National cadet corps
National integration and awareness To inculcate sense of patriotism
Secular values and motivate cadets to contribute towards nation building through national unity and social cohesion
The concepts of national interests
Objectives and integration
Unity in diversity and cultural heritage of India
Freedom Struggle and Nationalist Movement in India
National Interests
Threats and Opportunities
Problems and Challenges of National Integration
Unity in Diversity
Drill To inculcate a sense of discipline
Improve bearing
Turnout and to develop the quality of immediate and implicit obedience of orders
All important basic aspects of drill including ceremonial drill
Drill with arms and words of command
Drill without Arms
Side pace
Pace forward and to the rear
Turning on the march and wheeling
Saluting on the march
Marking time
Forward march and halt in quick time
Changing step
Formation of squad and squad drill
Drill with Arms
Getting on parade with rifle and dressing at the order
Dismissing and falling out
Gun salute
Salami Shashtra
Squad drill
Short and long trail from the order and vice of versa
Examine arms
Ceremonial Drill
Guard Mounting
Guard of Honour
Platoon and Company drill
Weapon training To give elementary knowledge about rifles
Basic Knowledge about rifle and firing
The lying position
Holding and aiming
Trigger operation and firing a shot
Range precautions and safety precautions
Theory of group and snap shooting
Short range firing
Aiming and alteration of sight
Personality development and leadership To develop an all round dynamic personality with adequate leadership traits to deal and contribute effectively in all walks of life
Basic subjects of leadership with emphasis on self awareness
Life and soft skills
Time management and character building
Self awareness and know yourself and insight
Inter personal relationship and communication
Communication Skills
Group discussions of lectures
Time management
Effects of leadership with historical examples
Interview skills
Conflict motives of resolution
Social skills
Values and code of ethics
Disaster management To train cadets to assist civil administration in performance of selective duties during disasters
Basic information about civil defence organization and its duties
Maintenance of essential services and providing assistance to civil administration in various types of emergencies during national disasters
Fire services and fire fighting
Assistance during natural and other calamities
Flood and cyclone earthquake and accident
Social awareness and community development To teach cadets the values and skills involved in providing voluntary Social Service
Understanding of social service and its needs
knowledge about the weaker sections of our society and their requirements
About NGOs and contribution of youth towards social welfare
NGOs of Role and contribution
Drug abuse and trafficking
Social evils viz
Dowry/female foeticide/child abuse and trafficking
Traffic control organisation and anti drunken driving
Health and hygiene To instil respect and responsibility towards personal health and hygiene
Basic information of the human body
Maintenance of health and hygiene
Disease and an elementary knowledge of first aid and nursing
Hygiene and sanitation
Basics of home nursing and first aid in common medical emergencies
Wounds and fractures
Adventure training and obstacle training To inculcate a sense of adventure and develop confidence and courage and determination
To expose cadets to various adventure activities
Para sailing
Rock climbing
Environment awareness and conservation To sensitise the cadets on natural resource conservation and protection of environment
Basic understanding of environment in general and waste management in particular
Energy conservation
Pollution control and wildlife conservation in particular
Waste management
Pollution control
Noise and Soil
Special subjects and army
Armed forces To acquaint cadets with the Armed Forces
Introductory and general information about the Armed Forces
Task and role of fighting arms
Modes of entry into army
Honours and awards
Map reading To teach cadets elementary map reading
Basic understanding of map sheets and map reading instruments and development of capability to use them to carry out simple map reading
Contours and gradients
Cardinal points and types of North
Types of bearings and use of service protractor
Setting a map and finding North and own position
Map to ground and ground to map
Field craft and battle craft To teach cadets elementary field craft and battle craft
Basic field craft and battle craft Judging distance observation
Camouflage and concealment
Field signals
Types of knots and lashings
Introduction to infantry weapons and equipment To introduce cadets to infantry weapons
Introduction to characteristics and capabilities of infantry weapons
Characteristics of 5.56 INSAS rifle
Fire power
Assembling and cleaning
Organisation of infantry battalion
Military history To provide knowledge of renowned Military Generals and PVCs and Indo of Pak Wars
Introduction to biographies
Famous Indian battles and gallantry awards
Indian Army War Heroes
Study of Indo Pak wars of 1965 and 1971 and Kargil
War movies
Communication To introduce cadets to latest trends in the field of communications
Types of communications and future trends
Characteristics of walkie talkie
Basic RT procedure
Special subjects and navy
Naval orientation and service subjects To impart basic knowledge about Navy
Basic knowledge
Current organisation and role of different branches
Organisation of Ships and onboard organization
Naval customs and traditions
Modes of entry into the Indian Navy
Branches of Navy and their functions
Naval campaigns
Naval warfare and its components To impart basic knowledge about Naval Warfare
Overview of fleet operations to include aviation
Submarine operations and missiles
Introduction to anti submarine warfare
Elementary knowledge of gunnery and missiles
Naval communication To impart basic knowledge about Naval communication
To impart basic knowledge about naval communication organization
Semaphore and wearing of flags
Introduction to Semaphore
Phonetic Alphabets
Navigation To impart basic knowledge about navigation
Basic navigation tactics and methods and equipment used for navigation
Navigation of ships of basic requirements
Types of compass of gyro and magnetic
Types of North
Simple chart work
Brief characteristics of its tides and its effects on ships
Introduction to Astronomy
To give basic knowledge of Air navigation
Use of maps and fundamentals of map reading from the air
Requirement of navigation
Glossary of terms
Seamanship To impart basic knowledge about navigation
Basic navigation tactics and methods
Types of anchor
Purpose and holding ground
Boat work To impart basic knowledge about boats and its parts and steering of boats
Introduction to boats and its parts including steering of boats and boat pulling
Demonstrate rigging of a whaler and enterprise boat and parts of a sail
Instructions in enterprise class boat including elementary sailing rules
Types of power boats used in the navy
Fire Fighting and flooding and damage control Introduction to fire fighting and flooding and damage control
Impart basic knowledge about fire fighting
Flooding and damage control of a ship
Causes of damage
Flooding and damage control
Ship and boat modelling To impart basic knowledge about ship modeling to cadets
To impart basic knowledge about ship construction and boat modeling
Types of models
Ship model competition
Care and handling of power tools
Swimming Each cadet must be able to swim and float
To achieve proficiency in swimming to minimum standards
Floating for 3 minutes and freestyle swimming for 50 meters
Special subjects and air force
General service knowledge To impart basic knowledge of IAF
History and organisation of IAF
Organisation of Air Force
Branches of Air Force
Air campaigns To introduce Air Campaigns of Air Force
An overview of important campaigns
Indo Pak War 1971
OP Safed Sagar
Aircraft recognition To introduce various aircrafts of the Air Force
Types and Roles and variants of aircraft of the IAF
Foreign Aircraft
Principles of flight To introduce principles of flight
To impart knowledge about basic principles on which aviation is based
Bernauli’s theorem and Venturi Effect
Forces on an aircraft
Lift and drag
Airmanship To introduce the concept of airmanship
Airfield layout
Rules of the Air
ATC Procedures and basics of aviation medicine
ATC/RT Procedure
Aviation Medicine
Meteorology To emphasise the need for knowledge of meteorology in aviation
Importance and various phenomena of weather and its effects on aviation
Importance of met in aviation
Aero engines To impart basic knowledge of aero engines
Types of aero engines and their types
Types of Engines
Piston Engines
Jet Engines
Turboprop Engines
Airframes To introduce basic structure of an aircraft
Introduction to various aircraft controls and landing gear
Main and Tail Plane
Instruments To provide knowledge of aircraft instruments
Introduction to Radars
Aero modelling To provide knowledge about aero modelling
Materials used in different types of models
Building and Flying of aero of models
Physical education
Planning in sports Meaning and Objectives Of Planning
Various Committees and its Responsibilities
Knock Out Tournament
League Or Round Robin and Combination
Procedure To Draw Fixtures
Knockout League
Meaning of Intramural and Extramural
Objectives and Its Significance
Specific Sports Programme
Sports and nutrition Balanced Diet and Nutrition
Macro and Micro Nutrients
Nutritive and Non Nutritive Components Of Diet
Eating For Weight Control of a Healthy Weight
The Pitfalls Of Dieting
Food Intolerance and Food Myths
Sports nutrition and its effect on performance
Food supplement for children
Yoga and lifestyle Asanas as preventive measures
Procedure of Obesity
Benefits and contraindications for Vajrasana
Procedure of Diabetes
Benefits and contraindications for Bhujangasana
Pavan Muktasana
Ardh Matsyendrasana
Procedure of Asthema
Benefits and contraindications for Sukhasana
Ardha Chakrasana
Back Pain
Physical education and sports for CWSN Concept of Disability and Disorder
Types of Disorder
Cause and nature
Disability Etiquettes
Advantage of Physical Activities for children with special needs
Strategies to make Physical Activities assessable for children with special need
Children and sports Motor development and factors affecting it
Exercise Guidelines at different stages of growth and Development
Advantages and disadvantages of weight training
Concept and advantages of Correct Posture
Causes of Bad Posture
Common Postural Deformities
Knock Knee
Flat Foot
Round Shoulders
Bow Legs and Scolioses
Corrective Measures for Postural Deformities
Women and sports Sports participation of women in India
Special consideration of Menarch and Menstural Disfunction
Female Athletes Triad of Oestoperosis Amenoria and Eating Disorders
Psychological aspects of women athlete
Sociological aspects of sports participation
Test and measurement in sports Computation of Fat Percentage
Slaughter Lohman Children Skinfold Formula
Triceps and Calf Skinfold
Measurement of Muscular Strength
Kraus Weber Test
Motor Fitness Test
General Motor Fitness
Barrow three item general motor ability
Measurement of Cardio Vascular Fitness
Harvard Step Test/Rockport Test
Computation of Fitness Index
Rikli and Jones Senior Citizen Fitness Test
Chair Stand Test for lower body strength
Arm Curl Test for upper body strength
Chair Sit and Reach Test for lower body flexibility
Back Scratch Test for upper body flexibility
Eight Foot Up and Go Test for agility
Six Minute Walk Test for Aerobic Endurance
Physiology and sports Gender differences in physical and physiological parameters
Physiological factor determining component of Physical Fitness
Effect of exercise on Cardio Vascular System
Effect of exercise on Muscular System
Physiological changes due to ageing
Role of physical activity maintaining functional fitness in aged population
Sports medicine Concept of Sports medicine
Aims and Scope of Sports Medicine
Sports injuries
Causes and Prevention
Aims and Objectives of First Aid
Management of Injuries
Soft Tissue Injuries
Bone and Joint Injuries
Kinesiology, biomechanics and sports Introduction to Axes and Planes
Types of movements
Major Muscles involved in running jumping and throwing
Newton’s Law of Motion and its application in sports
Projectile and factors affecting Projectile Trajectory
Functions and sports
Psychology and sports Understanding Stress and Coping Strategies
Definition and types
Trait and Types
Big Five Theory
Type and techniques
Exercise Adherence
Reasons to Exercise
Benefits of Exercise
Strategies for Enhancing Adherence to Exercise
Meaning Concept and Types of Aggressions in Sports
Training in sports Definition of Strength
Types and methods of improving Strength
Isotonic and Isokinetic
Definition of Endurance
Types and methods to develop Endurance
Continuous Training
Interval Training and Fartlek Training
Definition of Speed
Types and methods to develop Speed
Acceleration Run and Pace Run
Definition of Flexibility
Types and methods to improve flexibility
Definition and types of Coordinative Abilities
Introduction and its importance of Circuit Training
Electrostatics Electric charges
Conservation of charge
Coulomb's law-force between two point charges
Forces between multiple charges
Superposition principle and continuous charge distribution
Electric field
Electric field due to a point charge
Electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in uniform electric field
Electric dipole
Electric field due to a dipole
Torque on a dipole in uniform electric field
Electric flux
Statement of Gauss's Theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire
Uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell with field inside and outside
Electric potential
Potential difference
Electric potential due to a point charge
A dipole and system of charges
Equipotential surfaces
Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field
Conductors and insulators
Free charges and bound charges inside a conductor
Dielectrics and electric polarisation
Capacitors and capacitance
Combination of capacitors in series and in parallel
Capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates
Energy stored in a capacitor
Current electricity Electric current (current electricity)
Flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor
Drift velocity
Mobility and their relation with electric current
Ohm's law
Electrical resistance
V-I characteristics Like linear and non-linear
Electrical energy and power
Electrical resistivity and conductivity
Carbon resistors
Colour code for carbon resistors
Series and parallel combinations of resistors
Temperature dependence of resistance
Internal resistance of a cell
Potential difference and EMF of a cell
Combination of cells in series and in parallel
Kirchhoff's laws and simple applications
Wheatstone bridge
Metre bridge
Potentiometer with principle and its applications to measure potential difference and for comparing EMF of two cells
Measurement of internal resistance of a cell
Magnetic effects of current and magnetism Moving Charges and Magnetism
Concept of Magnetic Field
Oersted's experiment
Biot Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop
Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire
Straight and toroidal solenoids only qualitative treatment
Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields
Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field
Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere
Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field
Moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter
Magnetism and Matter
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment
Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron
Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole are bar magnet along its axis and perpendicular to its axis
Torque on a magnetic dipole are bar magnet in a uniform magnetic field
Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid
Magnetic field lines
Earth's magnetic field and magnetic elements
Para- dia- and ferro - magnetic substances with examples
Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths
Permanent magnets
Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents Electromagnetic induction, self and mutual induction
Faraday's laws
Induced EMF and current
Lenz's Law, Eddy currents
Self and mutual induction
Alternating currents
Peak and RMS value of alternating current and voltage
Reactance and impedance
LC oscillations with qualitative treatment only
LCR series circuit
Power in AC circuits
Power factor
Wattless current
AC generator and transformer
Electromagnetic waves Basic idea of displacement current
Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics
Transverse nature with qualitative ideas only
Electromagnetic spectrum like radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays including elementary facts about their uses
Optics Ray Optics
Reflection of light
Spherical mirrors
Mirror formula
Refraction of light
Total internal reflection and its applications
Optical fibres
Refraction at spherical Surfaces
Thin lens formula
Lensmaker's formula
Power of a lens
Combination of thin lenses in contact
Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism
Scattering of light
Blue colour of sky and reddish apprearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset
Optical Instruments
Microscopes and astronomical telescopes with reflecting and refracting and their magnifying powers
Wave optics
Wave front and Huygen's principle
Reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts
Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen's principle
Interference Young's double slit experiment and expression for fringe width
Coherent sources and sustained interference of light
Diffraction due to a single slit
Width of central maximum
Resolving power of microscope and astronomical telescope
Plane polarised light
Brewster's law
Uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids
Dual nature of radiation and matter Dual nature of radiation
Photoelectric effect
Hertz and Lenard's observations
Einstein's photoelectric equation-particle nature of light
Matter waves-wave nature of particles
De-Broglie relation
Davisson-Germer experiment experimental details should be omitted
Only conclusion should be explained
Atoms and nuclei Atoms
Alpha-particle scattering experiment
Rutherford's model of atom
Bohr model
Energy levels
Hydrogen spectrum
Composition and size of nucleus
Alpha beta and gamma particles rays and their properties
Radioactive decay law
Mass-energy relation, mass defect, binding energy per nucleon, Its variation with mass number
Mass defect
Binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number
Nuclear fission
Nuclear fusion
Electronic devices Semiconductor Electronics with Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
Energy bands in conductors
Semiconductors and insulators qualitative ideas only
Semiconductor diode - I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias
Diode as a rectifier
Special purpose p-n junction diodes
Solar cell and Zener diode and their characteristics
Zener diode as a voltage regulator
Junction transistor
Transistor action
Characteristics of a transistor and transistor as an amplifier common emitter configuration
Basic idea of analog and digital signals
Logic gates Like OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR
Communication systems Elements of a communication system block diagram only
Bandwidth of signals Like speech, TV and digital data
Bandwidth of transmission medium
Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere
Sky and space wave propagation
satellite communication
Need for modulation
Amplitude modulation
Political science
Cold war era Emergence of two power blocs after the second world war
Arenas of the cold war
Challenges to Bipolarity
Non Aligned Movement
Quest for new international economic order
India and the cold war
The end of bipolarity New entities in world politics
Russia, Balkan states and Central Asian states
Introduction of democratic politics and capitalism in post communist regimes
India's Periods relations with Russia and other post communist countries
US hegemony in world politics Growth of unilateralism
Afghanistan, first Gulf War, response to 9/11 and attack on Iraq
Dominance and challenge to the US in economy and ideology
India's renegotiation of its relationship with the USA
Alternative centres of power Rise of China as an economic power in post Maoera
Creation and expansion of European Union
India's changing relations with China
Contemporary south Asia in the post-cold war era Democratisation in Pakistan and Nepal
Ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka
Impact of economic globalization on the region
Conflicts and efforts for peace in South Asia
India's relations with its neighbours
International organizations Restructuring and the future of the UN
India's position in the restructured UN
Rise of new international actors
New international economic organisations
How democratic and accountable are the new institutions of global governance
Security in contemporary world Traditional concerns of security and politics of disarmament
Non traditional or human security
Global poverty
Health and education
Issues of human rights and migration
Environment and natural resources Environment movement and evolution of global environmental norms
Conflicts over traditional and common property resources
Rights of indigenous people
India's stand in global environmental debates
Globalisation Economic
Cultural and political manifestations
Debates on the nature of consequences of globalisation
Anti globalisation movements
India as an arena of globalization and struggle against it
Challenges of nation building Nehru's approach to nation building
Legacy of partition
Challenge of 'refugee' resettlement
The Kashmir problem
Organisation and reorganization of states
Political conflicts over language
Era of one party dominance First three general elections
Nature of Congress dominance at the national level
Uneven dominance at the state level
Coalitional nature of Congress
Major opposition parties
Politics of planned development Five year plans
Expansion of state sector and the rise of new economic interests
Famine and suspension of five year plans
Green revolution and its political fallouts
India's external relations Nehru's foreign policy
Sino Indian war of 1962
Indo Pak war of 1965 and 1971
India's nuclear programme
Shifting alliance in world politics
Challenges to the congress system Political succession after Nehru
Non Congressism and electoral upset of 1967
Congress split and reconstitution
Congress victory in 1971 elections
Politics of garibi hatao
Crisis of the democratic order Search for committed bureaucracy and judiciary
Navnirman movement in Gujarat and the Bihar movement
Emergency context
Constitutional and extraconstitutional dimensions
Resistance to emergency
1977 elections and the formation of Janata Party
Rise of civil liberties organisations
Popular movements in India Farmers movements
Women's movement
Environment and Development affected people's movements
Implementation of Mandal Commission report and its aftermath
Regional aspirations Rise of regional parties
Punjab crisis and the anti Sikh riots of 1984
The Kashmir situation
Challenges and responses in the North East
Recent developments in Indian politics Participatory upsurge in1990s
Rise of the JD and the BJP
Increasing role of regional parties and coalition politics
Coalition governments NDA (1998 - 2004) UPA (2004 - 2014) NDA (2014 onwards)
Variations in psychological attributes Introduction
Individual Differences in Human Functioning
Assessment of Psychological Attributes
Theories of Intelligence
Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
Attention arousal
Simultaneous successive Model of Intelligence
Individual Differences in Intelligence
Variations of Intelligence
Culture and Intelligence
Emotional Intelligence
Special Abilities
Aptitude Nature and Measurement
Self and personality Introduction
Self and Personality
Concept of Self
Cognitive and Behavioural Aspects of Self
Self esteem, Self efficacy and Self regulation
Culture and Self
Concept of Personality
Major Approaches to the Study of Personality
Type Approaches
Trait Approaches
Psychodynamic Approach
Behavioural Approach
Cultural Approach
Humanistic Approach
Assessment of Personality
Self report Measures
Projective Techniques
Behavioural Analysis
Meeting life challenges Introduction
Types and Sources of Stress
Effects of Stress on Psychological Functioning and Health
Stress and Health
General Adaptation Syndrome
Stress and Immune System
Coping with Stress
Stress Management Techniques
Promoting Positive Health and Well being
Life Skills
Psychological disorders Introduction
Concepts of abnormality and psychological Disorders
Classification of Psychological Disorders
Factors Underlying Abnormal Behaviour
Major Psychological Disorders
Anxiety Disorders
Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders
Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders
Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders
Dissociative Disorders
Depressive Disorder
Bipolar and Related Disorders
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Impulse Control and Conduct Disorders
Feeding and Eating Disorders
Substance Related and Addictive Disorders
Therapeutic approaches Nature and process of psychotherapy
Therapeutic relationship
Types of therapies
Psychodynamic Therapy
Behaviour Therapy
Cognitive Therapy
Humanistic existential Therapy
Biomedical Therapy
Alternative Therapies
Rehabilitation of the Mentally Ill
Attitude and social cognition Introduction
Explaining Social Behaviour
Nature and Components of Attitudes
Attitude Formation and Change
Attitude Formation
Attitude Change
Attitude Behaviour Relationship
Prejudice and Discrimination
Strategies for Handling Prejudice
Social Cognition
Schemas and Stereotypes
Impression Formation and Explaining
Behaviour of Others through Attributions
Impression Formation
Attribution of Causality
Behaviour in the Presence of Others
Pro-social Behaviour
Factors Affecting Pro-social Behaviour
Social influence and group processes Introduction
Nature and Formation of Groups
Type of Groups
Influence of Group on Individual Behaviour
Social Loafing
Group Polarisation
Cooperation and Competition
Determinants of Cooperation and Competition
Social Identity
Intergroup Conflict
Nature and Causes
Conflict Resolution Strategies
Psychology and life Introduction
Human Environment Relationship
Different Views of the Human Environment Relationship
Environmental Effects on Human Behaviour
Human Influence on the Environment
Natural Disasters
Promoting Pro environmental Behaviour
Psychology and Social Concerns
Poverty and Discrimination
Aggression Violence and Peace
Mahatma Gandhi on Non-violence
Impact of Television on Behaviour
Developing psychological skills Introduction
Developing as an effective Psychologist
General Skills
Observational Skills
Specific Skills
Communication Skills
Psychological Testing Skills
Interviewing Skill
Counselling Skills
Introducing Indian society Colonialism
Class and Community
The demographic structure of the Indian society Theories and concepts in demography
Rural Urban Linkages and Divisions
Social institutions continuity and change The Caste System
Family and Kinship
Market as a social institution Sociological perspectives on markets and the economy
Interlinking of Local
National and International Markets
Patterns of social inequality and exclusion Caste Prejudice
Scheduled Castes and Other Backward Classes
Marginalization of Tribal Communities
The Struggle for Women’s Equality
The struggles of the Differently Abled
The challenges of cultural diversity Cultural communities and the nation state
Problems of Communalism
Regionalism and Casteism
The Nation state
Religion related issues and identities
Secularism and the nation state
State and Civil Society
Suggestions for project work
Structural change Industrialization
Cultural change Modernization
Social Reform Movements and Laws
The story of Indian democracy The Constitution as an instrument of Social Change
Panchayati Raj and the Challenges of Social Transformation
Pressure Groups and Democratic Politics
Change and development in rural society Land Reforms
Green Revolution and Emerging Agrarian society
Agrarian Structure
Caste and class in Rural India
Green revolution and its social consequences
Transformation in Rural Society
Liberalization and Rural Society
Change and development in industrial society From Planned Industrialization to Liberalization
Getting a Job
Work Processes
Globalisation and social change Dimensions of Globalization
Mass media and communication Types of Mass Media of Radio
Television and Print Media
Changing Nature of Mass Media
Social movements Theories and Classification of Social Movements
Class Based Movements of Workers
Caste Based Movements of Dalit Movement
Backward Castes
Trends in Upper Caste Responses
Women’s Movements in Independent India
Tribal Movements
Environmental Movements

To qualify the CBSE 12th exams 2020 with flying colors, students should be aware of how, what and when to prepare for the board exam. Read the CBSE 12th preparation tips below to make the preparation easier-

  • Know the syllabus and start early: Before starting CBSE Class 12th preparation, candidates should first check the syllabus prescribed by the board for both theory and practical. This helps in knowing the most important topics to cover for board exams.
  • Solve as many question papers as possible: CBSE provides previous year question papers and model papers officially. Students can download the same from the official site of CBSE in the curriculum section and solve maximum numbers of question papers to get an understanding of the types of questions asked in the CBSE 12th exams 2020.   
  • Eat healthy: This is a very important point. Yes, you have your exams knocking at your door. But that does not mean that you can stop eating and keep mugging from your textbooks. Take time to relax. Have your meals on time and more importantly don't skip any of them. 
  • Exercise: All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy! So, don't just sit on your study desk and read all the time. Take time to move around. Learn some basic exercises, especially, those that involve breathing and moving your arms.  
  • Sleep well: Along with eating and exercising, it is very important that you don't lose your sleep over your exam. Many students sleep late when they are preparing. This is to be avoided at all cost. Less sleep will only hamper your memory. As a result, you might forget what you have studied in the examination hall. 
  • Make notes: Keep a pen and notepad handy. Keep taking notes. Keeping a note helps in remembering the important points.

Knowing exam pattern enables a student to prepare for CBSE 12th exams 2020 in better way by making them aware of important aspects of an exam. CBSE class 12 exam pattern is divided into three main streams that are science, commerce and arts. Some subjects of CBSE 12th are common for all stream students. The exam pattern and marking scheme of CBSE 12th major subjects is given in the following tables:

CBSE Class 12 Physics & Chemistry Exam Pattern

Exam duration3 Hours
Practical Marks30 Marks
Theory marks70 marks
Total no. of questions37
Very short answer type questions (1 mark each)20
Short answer type questions (2 mark each)7
Long answer type -I questions (3 mark each)7
Long answer type -II questions (5 mark each)

CBSE Class 12 Mathematics Exam Pattern

Exam duration3 Hours
Internal Marks20 Marks
Theory marks80 marks
Total no. of questions36
Very short answer type questions (1 mark each)20
Short answer type questions (2 mark each)6
Long answer type-I questions (4 mark each)6
Long answer type-II questions (6 mark each)

CBSE Class 12 Biology Exam Pattern

Exam duration3 Hours
Practical Marks30 Marks
Theory marks70 marks
Total no. of questions27
Very short answer type questions (1 mark each)5
Short answer type-I questions (2 mark each)7
Short answer type-II questions (3 mark each)12
Long answer type questions (5 mark each)

CBSE 12th English Core Exam Pattern

Exam duration3 hours
Maximum marks100 marks (80 Marks for Theory + 20 Marks for assessment of listening and speaking skills)
Total number of questions33
MCQ and objective type questions (1 mark each)20
Short Answer type-I questions (2 mark each)5
Short Answer type -II questions (4 mark each)3
Long Answer type questions (6 mark each)3
Very Long Answer type questions  (10 marks each)2

CBSE 12th Accountancy Exam Pattern

Exam duration3 hours
Theory marks80 
Practical marks20 
Total number of questions
MCQ and objective type questions (1 mark each)
Short answer I type questions (3 marks each)2
Short answer II type questions (4 marks each)5
Long answer I type questions (6 marks each)3
Long answer II type questions (8 marks each)2

CBSE 12th Business Studies Exam Pattern

Exam duration3 hours
Theory marks80 
Internal marks20 
Total number of questions
MCQ and objective type questions (1 mark each)
Short answer I type questions (3 marks each)5
Short answer II type questions (4 marks each)3
Long answer I type questions (6 marks each)3
Long answer II type questions (8 marks each)3

CBSE Class 12 Geography Marking Scheme

Exam duration3 hours
Total marks100 marks
Theory marks70 marks
Practical marks30 marks

CBSE 12th History Marking Scheme

Exam duration3 hours
Total marks100 marks
Theory marks80 marks
Project work 20 marks
Total number of questions
MCQ and objective type questions (1 mark each)
Short answer type questions (3 marks each)4
Source based questions (6 marks each)3
Long answer type questions (8 marks each)
Map Work (6 marks)1
  • Students are advised to practice the sample papers or previous year question papers as prescribed by CBSE to know the exam pattern well. 
  • By solving the last year's sample papers, students can check the type of questions to be asked in CBSE 12th exams 2020.
  • CBSE has released the class 12 sample papers on its official website.
  • Moreover, they also know how to answer, what is being expected out, type of questions doing rounds year around.
  • Central Board of Secondary Education will release the admit card of CBSE 12th exams 2020 for all students in the second week of January 2020. 
  • Students can also collect their Class 12th board exams admit card from their respective schools.
  • CBSE Class 12 admit card will contain the exam schedule, student name, date of birth, CBSE 12th roll number and exam day instructions.
  • Students should keep their admit cards safe till they get admission in higher studies as CBSE 12th roll number and mark sheet is the minimum requirement to get admission. 

Documents Required at Exam

  • Admit Card
  • School ID card

CBSE will announce the result for CBSE 12th exams 2020 in the online mode. Students will be able to view their scores n CBSE 12th result which will be uploaded on cbseresults.nic.in. Students should have their admit card number, roll number, school number and test center number to access their result. Students who are unsatisfied with their scores can either apply for re-evaluation or can appear in Compartment exams if they fail in one or two exams.

The CBSE re-evaluation result will be released in the second week of June 2020. Students can check the same through DigiLocker. 

CBSE 12th compartment exams 2020 will be conducted in July and the result for the same will be announced after 02 weeks of commencement. 

Steps to Check the CBSE Class 12 Result 2020

  • Visit the CBSE class 12 official link.
  • Enter your class XII board roll number, admit card number, school number and test centre number and click on 'submit'.
  • Your result of CBSE Board 12th will display on the screen.
  • Download it. Take a printout of it and keep it safe for future reference.

Qualifying Marks Trend

Year Category Cutoff
2020 General 33
OBC 33
SC 33
ST 26
2019 General 33
OBC 33
SC 33
ST 33

General Information

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Question: Can I apply for CBSE 12th exams in online mode?


Students who has failed in 2019 or placed in compartment in 2019 result or wants to improve their previous marks can apply for CBSE 12th exams 2020 in online mode to appear as private student.

Question: What are the CBSE 12th exams dates?


CBSE 12th practical exams will be held from January 1 to February 7, 2020 following which theory exams will be commenced from February 15, 2020.

Question: What should I carry to CBSE 12th exam hall?


Students must carry their admit card and school ID card to the exam hall.

Question: How can I score better in CBSE 12th?


You will have to study rigorously to score good marks in CBSE 12th exams and practice with previous year papers to boost preparation for the exams.

Question: What are the minimum marks to pass CBSE class 12 exams 2020?


A student will have to score at least 33% marks separately in CBSE 12th theory exam and practical exam/Internal assessment/Project work along with 33% marks in aggregate.

Questions related to CBSE Class 12th

Showing 23 out of 23 Questions

nit me b.arch admission keleye cbse class 12th me kitna pecentage hona chahiye.


Taj, NIT me BArch me admission ke liye JEE Mains Paper 2 dena hota hai. Admission Paper 2 ke rank ke hisaab se hoga. Lekin admission ke liye aapko ya to 12th boards me 75% marks chahiye (SC/ ST ke liye 65%) ya aapko apne board ke top 20 percentile me hona chahiye.

Board wise top 20 percentile cutoff marks ke liye aap neeche diye website pe jaa skte hain: https://josaa.nic.in/webinfocms/Handler/FileHandler.ashx?i=File&ii=162&iii=Y

2019 ka CBSE ka top 20 percentile cutoff marks (category wise) neeche diya hai:

  • General: 432/500
  • OBC-NCL: 424/500
  • SC: 410/500
  • ST: 390/500
  • PwD: 390/500

1 View

how to prepare myself for humanities 12 th board papers.

Rose Mary George 12th Jan, 2020

Hi Shyam ,

First of all you should collect all the materials which you need for your preparations.This should include texts which you are planning to refer,notes and most importantly previous year question papers with answers.

Secondly make timetable so that you can complete the portions within the time provided. Just roughly refer the previous year question papers so as to get an idea about the pattern of questions .

Now it's time to study. You should understand each and every topic and also maintain your own views about  the same.

It is subject in which the examiner evaluates you on length but you should have a very good time management. Also keep in mind that examiner is not going to read all your answers.Underline important points,make flow charts etc.

Hope this helps.


Is stream change allowed after 11th?

Abinash Panigrahi 3rd Jan, 2020

Dear aspirant,

Change of stream is a very complicated procedure which can be done only while you're in your 11th and during a certain time decided by the school authorities. But you can't just change your stream after 11th.

But you can do it if you want to repeat your 11th again and start over with the 1st year itself. Only through this way you can get to change your stream.

Hope you got your answer!


when will result of nse exams (2019-2020) be declared?

ÑÍthesh 25th Dec, 2019

Hello !!
NSE exam results will be released  in the month of january 2020.Thank you!!

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