CBSE class 10 preparation tips for Science

CBSE Class 10 Preparation Tips for Science- With an aspiration, students need class 10th board marks to pursue their dreams. Class 10th scores determine whether one should opt for a particular stream or not. Candidates willing to be an engineer or a doctor should focus on Class 10th science paper more to get admission in the Class 12th PCM or PCB stream. Hence, students need to follow CBSE Class 10 Preparation Tips for Science to improve their chances of getting the desired stream. Science is the most important subject of Class 10th that includes several facts and theories. Qualifying CBSE 10th Science paper with good marks need more practice and effort than other subjects. Considering the same, we have compiled a few simple and easy to follow CBSE Class 10 Preparation Tips for Science in this article that help students to score high. These tips will guide you in planning a preparation strategy that is best performing well in the CBSE Class 10 exams.

CBSE Class 10 Preparation Tips for Science

Science at class 10 level is broadly divided into physics, chemistry, biology and assesses students’ conceptual knowledge in the mentioned topics. The question paper for science is divided into two sections, section A consists of questions from NCERT textbook and Section B consists of questions based on practical concepts. Read the given CBSE class 10 science preparation tips to improve your grades-

1. Get CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus & Marks Distribution

Students must have the entire CBSE Class 10 syllabus and marks distribution pattern for science before starting the preparation. The syllabus will not only tell you the section wise topics but also mentions the marks distribution. This would help the students in planning the study in an organised way. The detailed syllabus is mentioned below in the table.

Topic-wise CBSE Class 10 Science Marks Distribution

Units/ Topics

Marks Distribution

Link to download pdf

Matter- Its Nature and Behaviour


Click Here

Organisation in the Living World


Motion, Force and Work


Our Environment


Food; Food Production




CBSE Class 10 Science Paper Pattern and Typology

Once you know the syllabus, the next step is to know the class 10 exam pattern for science. The question paper is divided into two parts consisting of a total of 27 questions. Section A consist of 21 questions of 1, 2, 3 and 5 marks while section B has 6 questions of two marks each. A student should focus on chapters related to motion, force and work as they carry the maximum weightage followed by matter- nature and behaviour. Find below the break-up of questions below.

Type of Question

Mark(s) per Question

Total no. of Questions

Total Marks

VSA (Very Short Answers Type)




SA-I (Short Answers)




SA-II (Short Answers)




LA (Long Answers)




Practical Questions (SA)







2. Follow Only CBSE 10th Science Books

Even though the NCERT books remain the priority and should be completed first, students can refer to other books which would give them an opportunity to solve CBSE 10th sample papers or previous year question papers. Some of the reference books for Science are listed below.

Reference Books for CBSE Class 10 Science


Science - Textbook for class X


Laboratory Manual - Science Class X


Assessment of Practical Skills in Science - Class X


Biology for Class 10

Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur

Science for Class 10: Chemistry

Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur

Science for Class 10: Physics

Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur

3. Solve Previous Year's CBSE 10th Science Papers

On getting details of the exam pattern, mark's distribution and syllabus, students should also solve the previous year's papers to check the important topics. These papers are helpful in understanding the difficulty level of the examination and the type of questions asked. The more papers you solve, the better will be your preparation.

4. Make A Study Schedule

Students should make a study schedule after listing down the important chapters and topics. Making a study time table increases the productivity of the students. It is suggested to prepare according to the weightage of the topics i.e. prepare the high weightage topics on a priority basis and cover the least important chapter in the end.

Subject-Wise CBSE 10th Science Preparation Tips

Every subject has different aspects and difficulty level. Such as some subjects are based on numerical calculations however, others contain more theoretical concepts. This arises the need of creating subject-wise CBSE Class 10 Preparation Tips for Science

Physics: Practice as many theorems, formulas, numerical as possible. One can also refer to the previous year papers or sample papers for the same. Another important part is the ray diagrams from the light chapter. It is scoring and easy to learn with practice.

Chemistry: This section is the easiest and highest scoring topic in Science. But one needs to be very clear with the concepts. Put a special focus on ‘carbon and its compound’ chapter. Also, practice the numerical and name reactions so that one can solve them accurately in the exam. Make short notes or reminders of formulas along with compound names to revise as and when required.

Biology: This is the theoretical section with lots of terminologies to memorise. One must also practice all the diagrams thoroughly and make notes of terms and their associated functions to learn and revise, especially at the end time. The special focus should be given to the life process and its associated chapters.

CBSE Class 10th Science Preparation Tips for Exam Day

  • Begin by reading the question paper thoroughly.
  • Answer questions which you know and are comfortable in answering FIRST.
  • Do not spend too much time on one question because you have to attempt 27 questions in three hours.
  • Follow bullets/steps while answering any question.
  • Diagrams should be drawn with a pencil. Do not use a pen.
  • An internal choice will be provided in three questions of 3 marks each, two questions of 5 marks each and one question of 2 marks.
  • 1 mark question needs to be answered in one sentence.
  • 2 marks question needs to be answered in about 30 words.
  • 5 marks question needs to be answered in about 70 words.
  • Do not forget to revise the answers in the end.

More like CBSE Class 10th

Questions related to CBSE Class 10th

Showing 2 out of 2 Questions

How can I cancel my Improvement form of class 10th?

Tamajit Student Expert 23rd Oct, 2019

Hi Arshad,

As per CBSE guidelines, there is no mention of a methodology for cancelling your improvement examination or nullify your candidature for the improvement examination. However, what you can do is you can skip the improvement examination only if you do not want to appear for the examination.

CBSE generates two separate marksheets for improvement candidates: one during the normal attempt of the examination and the other after the improvement examination which carries the marks of the improvement examination, thus you can show the mark sheet of your first or normal attempt and that way there is no evidence to prove the fact that you applied for the improvement examination. But do keep in mind that you must have an explanation for the academic gap that you are going to have between class X and class XII as that might be asked in your future places of academic enrollment.



can i opt for biocomputer after selecting basic maths in class 10 th

Sunanda Dhar Student Expert 24th Sep, 2019

yes you can opt for biocomputer after having maths at class 10.At class 10 leve basics are taught so can easily copeup with that.

Hope you find it helpful

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