CBSE class 10 preparation tips for Science
Kumud Sahni, 29 Oct 2018, #CBSE Class 10th

CBSE class 10 preparation tips for Science- Class 10 is a crucial stage in the career of a child and science is one of the important subjects especially for those who want to pursue a career in the Sciences field. Science is also one of the easiest subjects if it is learnt with interest. The CBSE class 10 preparation tips for Science will guide you in planning a preparation strategy that is best for scoring high marks in the exam. Candidates can also know the syllabus and exam pattern for CBSE class 10 exams in this article.

Science at class 10 level is broadly divided into physics, chemistry, biology and assesses students’ conceptual knowledge in the mentioned topics. The question paper for science is divided into two sections, section A consists of questions from NCERT textbook and Section B consists of questions based on practical concepts. This article on CBSE class 10 science preparation tips will tell you how to prepare section-wise with a special focus on all topics.

Syllabus for CBSE class 10 Science

A student must know the CBSE class 10 syllabus for science before starting the preparation for the exam. The syllabus will not only tell you the section wise topics but also mentions the marks distribution. This would help the students in planning the study in an organised way. The detailed syllabus is mentioned below in the table.

CBSE class 10 Syllabus: Topic wise Marks distribution

Units/ Topics

Marks Distribution

Link to download pdf

Matter- Its Nature and Behaviour


Click Here

Organisation in the Living World


Motion, Force and Work


Our Environment


Food; Food Production




CBSE class 10 science preparation tips: Exam pattern and typology of questions

Once you know the syllabus, the next step is to know the class 10 exam pattern for science. The question paper is divided into two parts consisting of a total of 27 questions. Section A consist of 21 questions of 1, 2, 3 and 5 marks while section B has 6 questions of two marks each. A student should focus on chapters related to motion, force and work as they carry the maximum weightage followed by matter- nature and behaviour. Find below the break-up of questions below.

Exam Pattern and typology of questions

Type of Question

Mark(s) per Question

Total no. of Questions

Total Marks

VSA (Very Short Answers Type)




SA-I (Short Answers)




SA-II (Short Answers)




LA (Long Answers)




Practical Questions (SA)







Which books to refer for CBSE 10th Science?

Even though the NCERT books remain the priority and should be completed first, students can refer other books which would give them an opportunity to solve sample papers or previous year question papers. Some of the reference books for Science are listed below.

Books for CBSE class 10 Science

Reference Books for CBSE Class 10 Science


Science - Textbook for class X


Laboratory Manual - Science Class X


Assessment of Practical Skills in Science - Class X 


Biology for Class 10

Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur

Science for Class 10: Chemistry

Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur

Science for Class 10: Physics

Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur

CBSE class 10 Preparation Tips for Science - Topic wise

Physics: Practice as many theorems, formulas, numerical as possible. One can also refer the previous year papers or sample papers for the same. Another important part is the ray diagrams from the light chapter. It is scoring and easy to learn with practice.

Chemistry: This section is the easiest and highest scoring topic in Science. But one needs to be very clear with the concepts. Put a special focus on ‘carbon and its compound’ chapter. Also, practice the numerical and name reactions so that one can solve them accurately in the exam. Make short notes or reminders of formulas along with compound names to revise as and when required.

Biology: This is the theoretical section with lots of terminologies to memorise. One must also practice all the diagrams thoroughly and make notes of terms and their associated functions to learn and revise, especially at the end time. The special focus should be given to life process and its associated chapters.

Exam day preparation tips for CBSE class 10 science:

  • Begin by reading the question paper thoroughly.

  • Answer questions which you know and are comfortable in answering FIRST.

  • Do not spend too much time on one question because you have to attempt 27 questions in three hours.

  • Follow bullets/steps while answering any question.

  • Diagrams should be drawn with a pencil. Do not use a pen.

  • An internal choice will be provided in three questions of 3 marks each, two questions of 5 marks each and one question of 2 marks.

  • 1 mark question needs to be answered in one sentence.

  • 2 marks question needs to be answered in about 30 words.

  • 5 marks question needs to be answered in about 70 words.

  • Do not forget to revise the answers in the end.

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